J Foot Ankle Surg 2013 Mar-Apr;52(2):242-8. Epub 2012 Nov 13.
Podiatric Surgery, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
The clinical presentation of a monoarticular, red, hot, and swollen joint has many possible diagnoses, including septic arthritis, which is 1 of the most devastating. The morbidity associated with this pathologic process involves permanent joint damage and the potential for progression to systemic illness and, even, mortality. The common risk factors for joint sepsis include a history of rheumatoid arthritis, previous joint surgery, joint prosthesis, intravenous drug abuse, alcoholism, diabetes, previous intra-articular steroid use, and cutaneous ulceration. Read More