Eur Respir Rev 2021 Jun 23;30(160). Epub 2021 Jun 23.
Dept of Medicine, Center for Interstitial Lung Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disorder, with the most common extra-articular manifestation of RA being lung involvement. While essentially any of the lung compartments can be affected and manifest as interstitial lung disease (ILD), pleural effusion, cricoarytenoiditis, constrictive or follicular bronchiolitis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary vasculitis, and pulmonary hypertension, RA-ILD is a leading cause of death in patients with RA and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this review, we focus on the common pulmonary manifestations of RA, RA-ILD and airway disease, and discuss evolving concepts in the pathogenesis of RA-associated pulmonary fibrosis, as well as therapeutic strategies, and have revised our previous review on the topic. Read More