24,384 results match your criteria Arteriovenous Fistulas


Surgical resection of carotid-jugular arteriovenous fistula after multiple failed embolisation.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 16;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore, Singapore.

Carotid-jugular fistula is a rare presentation of arteriovenous fistula. A case of a 60-year-old Chinese man who presented with iatrogenic carotid-jugular fistula with multiple fistulous points was reported. His presenting complaint was a gradually enlarging right pulsatile neck mass complicated by worsening symptoms of congestive cardiac failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228232DOI Listing

De Novo Formation of a Direct Arteriovenous Fistula Involving an Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm in a Remote Site from a Prior Ruptured Arteriovenous Malformation in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Advocate Christ Medical Center, 4400 W 95(th) St. Suite 407, Oak Lawn, Illinois 60453, United States.

Background: De novo formation of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are increasingly being reported in the neurosurgical literature, challenging the notion that AVMs are congenital in origin. Most of this literature centers around the pediatric population. After treatment of an AVM or AVF, recurrence, if any, appears to occur locally to the original insult. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.209DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Spotting inferior petrosal sinus for embolizing cavernous dural arteriovenous fistula with the help of preoperative computed tomography angiography.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. Electronic address:

Background: Inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) is commonly adopted as a route in embolizing cavernous dural arteriovenous fistula (cDAVF). According to previous anatomical studies, more than 90% of people have IPS. Since exact confluence position of IPS with an internal jugular vein (IJV) is hard to be obtained from preoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA), catheterizing into IPS in endovascular treatment sometimes become very difficult, so this route has not been as widely used as the anatomical statement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.047DOI Listing

Cured from a Cardiac Myxoma? Brain Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage in a Patient with a 10-year Successfully Resected Cardiac Myxoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Lyerly Neurosurgery / Baptist Neurological Institute, Jacksonville, FL. Electronic address:

Background: A cardiac myxoma (CM) is the most common primary tumor of the heart. This case report highlights that for metastatic cardiac myxomas, even after a successful total resection, there is a small but real risk of recurrence that can manifest as late as 10 years after initial tumor resection.

Case Description: We present the case of a 53-year-old woman who visited the emergency room after a 4-day worsening right-sided weakness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.295DOI Listing

Coronary arteriovenous fistula draining into persistent left superior vena cava.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Cardiovascular surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

A 75-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for dyspnea and edema of the lower limbs. Computed tomography angiography revealed a dilated left coronary artery from the left main trunk to the left circumflex branch and a dilated fistula originating from the left circumflex branch and draining into the persistent left superior vena cava. Physical examination revealed pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.01.082DOI Listing

Current Concepts in Hemodialysis Vascular Access Infections.

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis 2019 Jan;26(1):16-22

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI.

Infection-related causes are second only to cardiovascular events for mortality among end-stage renal disease patients. This review will provide an overview of hemodialysis catheter-, graft-, and fistula-related infections with emphasis on diagnosis and management in specific settings. Use of catheters at the initiation of dialysis has remained unchanged at 80%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ackd.2018.10.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Hemorrhage risk of cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas following Gamma Knife radiosurgery in a multicenter international consortium.

J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

2Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

OBJECTIVEThe authors performed a study to evaluate the hemorrhagic rates of cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) and the risk factors of hemorrhage following Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS).METHODSData from a cohort of patients undergoing GKRS for cerebral dAVFs were compiled from the International Radiosurgery Research Foundation. The annual posttreatment hemorrhage rate was calculated as the number of hemorrhages divided by the patient-years at risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.12.JNS182208DOI Listing
March 2019
3.737 Impact Factor

Cardiac tamponade due to rupture of a giant coronary artery aneurysm with a coronary arteriovenous fistula: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Mar 12;5(1):40. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Anjo Kosei Hospital, 28 Higashihirokute, Anjocho, Anjo, Aichi, 446-8602, Japan.

Background: Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is defined as dilatation exceeding 1.5 times the width of the normal adjacent coronary artery segments. CAA usually causes few symptoms, and rupture is rare, but can be lethal due to cardiac tamponade when it does occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0597-6DOI Listing

Acquired arteriovenous fistula of a finger.

Vasa 2019 Mar 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

1 Department of Internal Medicine IV, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Vascular Medicine, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Arteriovenous fistulae are defined as congenital or acquired abnormal direct communications between an artery and a vein leading to abnormal blood circulation. This report describes an unusual manifestation of an acquired peripheral arteriovenous fistula with a high shunt volume of 410 ml/min following a fracture of the 5th finger. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000784DOI Listing

Microsurgical Ligation of Residual Fistulous Arteriovenous Shunt From a Radicular Artery to a Thoracic Arteriovenous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

The literature has long attempted distinct classifications of arteriovenous fistulae and arteriovenous malformations of the spine.1-3 It is worth noting that lesions can become more complex during recurrence and may not adhere to traditional definitions. In these cases, recognizing the principles of pathology and pathophysiology can guide management and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz017DOI Listing

Safety and efficacy assessment of transarterial chemoembolization using drug-eluting beads in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and arterioportal shunt: a single-center experience.

Cancer Manag Res 2019 15;11:1551-1557. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, China,

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of transarterial chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads (DEB-TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and arterioportal shunts (APSs).

Materials And Methods: Fifty-eight patients with unresectable HCC and APSs who were treated with DEB-TACE (n=26) or polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) plus TACE (PVA-TACE, n=32) were included in this retrospective study. The tumor response was evaluated by the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S193948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388950PMC
February 2019

The effect of endothelial nitric oxide synthase on the hemodynamics and wall mechanics in murine arteriovenous fistulas.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 12;9(1):4299. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Medicine and Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Creation of a hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) causes aberrant vascular mechanics at and near the AVF anastomosis. When inadequately regulated, these aberrant mechanical factors may impede AVF lumen expansion to cause AVF maturation failure, a significant clinical problem with no effective treatments. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) system is crucial for vascular health and function, but its effect on AVF maturation has not been fully characterized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40683-7DOI Listing
March 2019
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Multimodal Treatment Of Occipital Tentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Cognard III.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, North Shore University Hospital, 300 Community Dr., 11030 Manhasset, NY, USA.

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are rare vascular malformations of uncertain pathophysiology. If associated with cortical venous reflux, they present a significant risk of hemorrhage. We present a 69 year old patient who presented with spontaneous right sided symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma which was evacuated via burr hole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.185DOI Listing
March 2019
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Treatment Outcomes according to Various Treatment Modalities for Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas in the Onyx Era: a 10-year Single Center Experience.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Banpo-daero 222, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-701, Republic of Korea.

Background: Even though transarterial embolization (TAE) with Onyx has become popular for the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF), roles of transvenous embolization (TVE), surgery, and radiosurgery remain. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes, according to different treatment modalities.

Methods: Ninety-two patients with DAVFs treated between January 2009 and June 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.173DOI Listing

Glue embolization with guide catheter dextrose push of a recurrent dural arteriovenous fistula previously embolized with Onyx: neuroendovascular surgical video.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60612. Electronic address:

Onyx (ethylene vinyl alcohol, ev3, Irvine, California) is commonly used to treat dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) and presents several advantages over n-butyl cyanoacrylate glue (Codman Neurovascular Inc, Raynham, Massachusetts), including slower more controlled injections and better penetration via radial casting. However, Onyx is non-thrombogenic and may result in incomplete casting, recanalization, and DAVF recurrence. Here, we demonstrate glue embolization with guide catheter dextrose push of a recurrent DAVF previously embolized with Onyx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.181DOI Listing
March 2019
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Vascular access in children requiring maintenance haemodialysis: a consensus document by the European Society for Paediatric Nephrology Dialysis Working Group.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Mitera Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: There are three principle forms of vascular access available for the treatment of children with end stage kidney disease (ESKD) by haemodialysis: tunnelled catheters placed in a central vein (central venous lines, CVLs), arteriovenous fistulas (AVF), and arteriovenous grafts (AVG) using prosthetic or biological material. Compared with the adult literature, there are few studies in children to provide evidence based guidelines for optimal vascular access type or its management and outcomes in children with ESKD.

Methods: The European Society for Paediatric Nephrology Dialysis Working Group (ESPN Dialysis WG) have developed recommendations for the choice of access type, pre-operative evaluation, monitoring, and prevention and management of complications of different access types in children with ESKD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfz011DOI Listing

Transvenous embolization of the dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar confluence via the intercavernous sinus assisted by bone subtraction computed tomography angiography.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.

Background: Dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVF) of the anatomically complex anterior condylar confluence (ACC) are often examined by computed tomography (CT) angiography and conventional angiography before treatment. Contrasted vessels often overlap with skull bones in enhanced CT and make it difficult to detect the shunt point of dAVF. Bone subtraction CT angiography (BSCTA) can overcome this limitation and allow for superior imaging of dAVF that may help to find an alternative access for catheterization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.175DOI Listing
March 2019
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Drug-Coated Balloon Angioplasty in Hemodialysis Circuits: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, 500 University Avenue, Suite 602, Toronto, ON M5G1V7, Canada.

Purpose: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing patency outcomes following drug-coated balloon angioplasty (DCBA) in hemodialysis circuits.

Materials And Methods: MEDLINE and EMBASE systematic searches were performed from inception to November 2018 to identify comparative studies assessing DCBA vs plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) in hemodialysis circuits. Abstract selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were performed by 2 independent reviewers. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10510443193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2019.01.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula and perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage. A case study.

Neurologia 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2018.12.005DOI Listing

Occurrence of a primary liver cancer with an unusual histologic appearance as a late Fontan complication.

Pathol Res Pract 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Pathology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, 5658565, Japan.

The Fontan procedure is an open heart procedure performed in pediatric patients with a particular congenital cardiac anomaly known as a univentricular heart. The procedure is used to reroute the systemic venous blood from the inferior vena cava directly to the pulmonary artery. It improves patients' prognoses, but various late-phase extracardiac complications that manifest when patients reach adolescence have been recognized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Practice patterns in arteriovenous fistula ligation among kidney transplant recipients in the United States Renal Data Systems.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md. Electronic address:

Background: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) and grafts (AVG) have been associated with significant cardiac morbidity that often improves after ligation. However, AV access ligation after kidney transplant (KT) is controversial due to concern for potential long-term allograft failure. We investigated US trends in AV access ligation after KT and the association between ligation and allograft failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.11.048DOI Listing

Brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula with superficialisation and transposition the basilic vein in a one stage surgical technique. Five years of single experience.

Nefrologia 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Clínic; Unidad Funcional de Acceso Vascular, Barcelona, España.

Background: The basilic vein is a deep vein which usually requires superficialisation and surgical transposition.

Material And Methods: This is a retrospective study of 119 BBAVF-ST in patients with stage 5D chronic kidney disease who received an implant with a one-stage surgical technique (2011-2015). The percentage of primary (PP), assisted primary (APP) and secondary (SP) permeabilities were assessed, as well as the related complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nefro.2018.11.010DOI Listing
March 2019
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Parkes Weber syndrome presenting as Stewart-Bluefarb acroangiodermatitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 8;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of General Surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) is a rare disorder characterised by arteriovenous (AV) fistula, along with capillary, lymphatic, venous malformations and limb hypertrophy. Stewart-Bluefarb syndrome is a variant of acroangiodermatitis, which is associated with congenital AV malformation/fistulas. It usually begins early in life, unilaterally over lower extremities presenting as violaceous to dusky coloured macules, papules or plaques with tendency to ulcerate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227793DOI Listing
March 2019
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Partial aneurysmectomy for treatment of autologous hemodialysis fistula aneurysm is safe and effective.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Ultrasonography, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome and the factors associated with stenosis after treatment using partial aneurysmectomy for aneurysm in autologous arteriovenous fistulas.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from July 2007 to June 2016 and included patients with complicated aneurysms in upper extremity autologous arteriovenous fistulas were treated by partial aneurysmectomy. Vascular ultrasound examination was performed every 6 months after the surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.10.119DOI Listing

Secondary interventions in patients with implantable cardiac devices and ipsilateral arteriovenous access.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. Electronic address:

Objective: The number of patients with end-stage renal disease who require implantable cardiac devices is increasing. Rates of secondary interventions or fistula failure are not well studied in patients who have arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access placed on the ipsilateral side as a pacemaker. This study aimed to compare central vein-related interventions and failure rates of arteriovenous access in patients with pacemakers placed on the ipsilateral vs contralateral side. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.12.029DOI Listing
March 2019
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Arteriovenous Fistula Occurring After Alveolar Arch Repair With Free Medial Femoral Condyle Flap.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Selcuk University Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey.

The occurrence of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) after microvascular tissue transfer is extremely rare. This paper presents the development of an AVF in a patient who underwent a free-flap procedure for alveolar arch reconstruction and discusses the mechanisms of AVF formation and its current treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005176DOI Listing
February 2019

Intraorbital Arteriovenous Fistula From the Superficial Temporal Artery.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Intraorbital arteriovenous fistula is a rare vascular disease characterized by an acquired arteriovenous communication without direct cavernous sinus involvement. Intraorbital arteriovenous fistula may develop slowly and present similarly to other insidious orbitopathies, such as carotid-cavernous fistula. The authors present a case of a superficial temporal artery to superior ophthalmic vein fistula arising in the absence of trauma or prior surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001342DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Successful Management of Sacral Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: A case series and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, PR China; Department of Neurosurgery, West China/Shangjin Nanfu Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, PR China. Electronic address:

Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) occurs at any spinal level, however, a sacral location of fistula is extremely rare, and the clinical characteristics of sacral DAVF have not been well described. This study aimed to document the clinical features of sacral DAVF and review the existing literature. The first patient was a 55-year-old man who had progressive weakness and numbness in his lower extremities, along with mild urinary incontinence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.129DOI Listing
March 2019
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Intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts in the pediatric population: natural history, endovascular management, and follow-up.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology Department, Foch Hospital, 40 rue Worth, 92150, Suresnes, France.

Background: Intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts represent a rare entity, particularly in the pediatric population, and clinical diagnosis can be challenging.

Methods: We report the analysis of clinical, angioarchitectural, procedural, and follow-up data in a population of 36 children managed by our team between 2002 and 2017.

Results: Hemorrhage occurred in 26 children (72%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04108-0DOI Listing
March 2019
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Volumetric T2-weighted MRI improves the diagnostic accuracy of spinal vascular malformations: comparative analysis with a conventional MR study.

J Neurointerv Surg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Neurointervention Centre, Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Background: To date, very little study of the importance of a volumetric T2-weighted MR sequence in the evaluation of spinal vascular malformations (SVMs) has been carried out.

Objective: To determine the utility and accuracy of a volumetric T2 MR sequence compared with conventional T2 in the diagnosis of SVMs.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent spinal DSA for suspected SVMs was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-014522DOI Listing
March 2019
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Follow-up of percutaneous transcatheter closure of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Science/Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510080, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000000182DOI Listing
February 2019
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Long-term durability of Oakes salvage procedure to preserve Brescia-Cimino arteriovenous fistula.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, Calif; Division of Vascular Surgery, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, Calif. Electronic address:

Background: In 2002, Oakes et al described a novel procedure designed to salvage the distal cephalic venous outflow of a Brescia-Cimino fistula by placing a prosthetic graft between the brachial artery in the antecubital space and the cephalic vein at the wrist. In this fashion, the more proximal veins were saved for future procedures. Their approach was reported and found to be successful in the short term, but the long-term durability of the Oakes procedure has not been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.12.034DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Snuffbox arteriovenous fistulas have similar outcomes and patency as wrist arteriovenous fistulas.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Objective: Radial artery-based wrist arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are commonly created as an initial upper extremity arteriovenous access. A more distal access site, such as the anatomic snuffbox AVF, can also be created. Although much has been written about wrist AVFs, outcomes of snuffbox AVFs are unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.11.030DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Spontaneous disappearance of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Mar 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Paracelsus Medical University , Nuremberg , Germany.

We report a case of an unusual spontaneous obliteration of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula after diagnosis confirmation through spinal angiography. To our knowledge, there are only two previously documented cases of spontaneous disappearance of non-traumatic spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1584268DOI Listing
March 2019
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Acquired arteriovenous fistula formation following cephalic vein intravenous catheterisation in a cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2019 Jan-Jun;5(1):2055116919831857. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Case Summary: A 10-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with a 4 month history of slow, progressive swelling and intermittent multifocal bleeding of the distal right forepaw that progressively developed after cephalic vein catheterisation for anaesthesia. The procedure was performed for dental calculus removal. Initial clinical and biopsy (superficial biopsy) findings matched two differential diagnoses: progressive angiomatosis and acquired peripheral arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055116919831857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393827PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Surgical Repair of a 13-cm Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula in a 63-Year-Old Tuba Player.

Tex Heart Inst J 2019 02 1;46(1):36-40. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with aortocaval fistula, a rare condition, can be fatal without prompt intervention. The clinical symptoms are complex and varied, so diagnosis is typically confirmed by use of contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography. We report our surgical repair of a 13-cm-diameter infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and aortocaval fistula in a 63-year-old orchestral tuba player who had 2 classic symptoms of the condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14503/THIJ-17-6370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379000PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

[Scedosporium apiospermum infection in a kidney transplant recipient].

Rev Iberoam Micol 2019 Jan - Mar;36(1):48-50. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Servicio Nefrología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, España.

Background: Emerging fungi infections, although being not the most frequent, are a cause of major morbidity and mortality in recipients of solid organ transplants. The infections caused by the fungi Scedosporium apiospermum are a paradigmatic example of these.

Case Report: We present the clinical case of a 55 year-old female kidney transplant recipient that got infected with S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.riam.2018.10.005DOI Listing

[Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy for Patient with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: A Case Report].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Dec;64(12):505-508

The Department of Urology, Nara Prefecture General Medical Center.

A 69-year-old man who had a history of several nasal hemorrhages and transfusions presented with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. He was referred to the previous hospital due to the elevation of prostate specific antigen (PSA) to 17.2 ng/ml, and was diagnosed with prostate cancer (cT3aN0M0, Gleason 4 + 5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_12_505DOI Listing
December 2018
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Efficacy of intra-arterial fluorescence video angiography in surgery for dural and perimedullary arteriovenous fistula at the craniocervical junction.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: Confirming the exact location of a fistula and the origins of draining veins during surgery for dural and perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) is crucial but is sometimes inadequately performed, which can result in incomplete elimination of the lesion. Intraoperative digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the gold standard for confirming the hemodynamics of an AVF; however, it cannot reveal the location of an AVF in the operative field. In this study, the efficacy of intraoperative intra-arterial fluorescence video angiography during surgery for craniocervical junction dural and perimedullary AVFs was investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.097DOI Listing

Embryological Consideration of Dural AVFs in Relation to the Neural Crest and the Mesoderm.

Authors:
Michihiro Tanaka

Neurointervention 2019 Mar 28;14(1):9-16. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kameda Medical Center, Kamogawa, Japan.

Intracranial and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are vascular pathologies of the dural membrane with arteriovenous shunts. They are abnormal communications between arteries and veins or dural venous sinuses that sit between the two sheets of the dura mater. The dura propria faces the surface of brain, and the osteal dura faces the bone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5469/neuroint.2018.01095DOI Listing
March 2019
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Transcriptomics of Human Arteriovenous Fistula Failure: Genes Associated With Nonmaturation.

Am J Kidney Dis 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Improving arteriovenous fistula (AVF) outcomes requires better understanding of the biology underlying maturation or failure. Our current knowledge of maturation relies on extrapolation from other vascular pathologies, which does not incorporate unique aspects of AVF remodeling. This study compares the RNA expression of pre-access (native) veins and AVFs with distinct maturation outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.12.035DOI Listing
February 2019

Subarachnoid hemorrhage with concurrent dural and perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas at the craniocervical junction: A case report and literature review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Asahikawa Medical University, Hokkaido, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.079DOI Listing
February 2019
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Clinical hemodialysis experience with percutaneous arteriovenous fistulas created using the Ellipsys® vascular access system.

Hemodial Int 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Nephrology, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

Introduction: The aim of this study is to report our clinical hemodialysis experience using a percutaneous arteriovenous fistula (pAVF) created with the Ellipsys® vascular access system. This pAVF device creates a permanent AVF anastomosis between the proximal radial artery (PRA) and the deep communicating vein (DCV) in the proximal forearm.

Methods: The medical records of all patients with a pAVF were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hdi.12738DOI Listing

Atypical manifestation of a direct low flow carotid-cavernous fistula: case report and review of the literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Neurosurgery, 'Sapienza' University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Carotid Cavernous Fistulas (CCFs) are a rare type of arteriovenous shunt that develop within the cavernous sinus (CS). Direct CCFs entails a direct communication between the cavernous internal carotid artery (cICA) and the CS and are typically high flow lesion. Most CCFs drains into the ophthalmic veins (typical venous drainage pattern), leading to the pathognomic ocular clinical triad associated with a CCF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.027DOI Listing
February 2019
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Coexistence of perimedullary arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous fistula of filum terminale in the same patient.

J Neurosurg Sci 2019 Apr;63(2):237-238

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA -

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0390-5616.17.04125-XDOI Listing

Arteriovenous fistula of superficial temporal vessels - case report.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Oddział Neurologii, Szpital Czerniakowski, Stępińska 19/25, 00-739 Warszawa, Poland.

We present a case of patient with a rare vessel pathology - arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of superficial temporal artery and vein. The 56-year old man was admitted to the Department of Neurology because of a headache in the right temporal region with concomitant buzzing sound in his right ear. The pain was present mainly in the evenings and was stronger when touching the temporal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0016DOI Listing
February 2019
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Iatrogenic Central Vein Perforation: A Nonsurgical Therapeutic Approach.

Authors:
Vishal Singh

Indian J Nephrol 2019 Jan-Feb;29(1):42-45

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Command Hospital (AF), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Hemodialysis remains the most common mode of renal replacement therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It requires an appropriate vascular access. The vascular access while being the "lifeline" for patients on hemodialysis is also the "Achilles' heel" of the therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijn.IJN_14_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375025PMC
March 2019
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Hemodialysis Experience of a Large Group of Syrian Refugees in Turkey: All Patients Deserve Effective Treatment.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2019 Feb 22;44(1):43-51. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Ankara, Turkey.

Background/aims: Refugee dialysis is a worldwide growing dilemma with limited experience. This report presents the largest hemodialysis (HD) patient registry data of Syrian refugees in Turkey.

Methods: Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and dialysis practice data of 345 Syrian HD patients during one year were collected and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000498832DOI Listing
February 2019
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Determinants and outcomes of access-related blood-stream infections among Irish haemodialysis patients; a cohort study.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Feb 26;20(1):68. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: Infections are the second leading cause of death and hospitalisation among haemodialysis (HD) patients. Rates of access-related bloodstream infections (AR-BSI) are influenced by patient characteristics and local protocols. We explored factors associated with AR-BSI in a contemporary cohort of HD patients at a tertiary nephrology centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1253-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390569PMC
February 2019
2 Reads