768 results match your criteria Arterial Supply Orbit


Central retinal artery delineation using magnetic resonance imaging.

Surg Radiol Anat 2022 May 2;44(5):727-732. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, 2-1-1 Tomioka, Urayasu, Chiba, 279-0021, Japan.

Purpose: Few studies have explored the central retinal artery (CRA) using neuroimaging. Our study aimed to explore this using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: A total of 81 patients with intact orbital structures and visual function underwent thin-slice contrast MRI. Read More

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Investigation into the ophthalmic artery and its branches by superselective angiography.

Interv Neuroradiol 2022 Mar 23:15910199221067664. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Preventive Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, 37515Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, 06100.

Background: The vascular anatomy of orbit is highly complex, and the main blood supply to the orbit is via the ophthalmic artery, which is a branch of the internal carotid artery. The purpose of this study was to determine the morphometry of the ophthalmic artery and its branches by superselective angiography in a large series of pediatric patients.

Methods: We evaluated 134 angiographies performed on children with intraocular retinoblastoma undergoing intra-arterial chemotherapy. Read More

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Intracavernous internal carotid artery-originating ophthalmic artery entering the orbit via the optic canal.

Authors:
Akira Uchino

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Dec 13;43(12):1967-1968. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Radiology, Saitama Sekishinkai Hospital, 2-37-20 Irumagawa, Sayama, Saitama, 350-1305, Japan.

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December 2021

Microanatomic Study of the Optic Canal.

World Neurosurg 2021 11 8;155:e792-e796. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Clinicas-UFPR-Curitiba-PR, Brazil.

Background: The continuous development of microsurgical techniques to treat lesions in and around the optic canal (OC) emphasizes the need for an accurate understanding of the microanatomy of the region.

Methods: Forty anatomic specimens were studied, with emphasis on the OC. The sphenoid bone and related structures were decalcified, added to animal gelatin, cut into 1-mm thick slices, and observed through a surgical microscope. Read More

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November 2021

Investigation of the Orbital Arterial Distribution Using Image Superimposition to Determine Safe Zones for Retrobulbar Injection and to Prevent Filler Complications.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jun;147(6):1321-1328

From the Departments of Ophthalmology and Anatomy, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine; Department of Ophthalmology, Blanton Eye Institute, Houston Methodist Hospital; and Department of Anatomy, Yonsei University College of Medicine.

Background: Retrobulbar filler injection has recently been considered an ideal method for orbital volume enhancement due to its nontoxic, easily reversible, and noninvasive characteristics. This study determined the arterial distribution in the orbit with the aim of defining a safety zone for retrobulbar filler injections used to enhance the orbital volume.

Methods: Twenty-seven orbits of 24 formalin-embalmed cadavers were dissected. Read More

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Topographic Anatomy of the Zygomatico-Orbital Artery: Implications for Improving the Safety of Temporal Augmentation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul;148(1):19e-27e

From the State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, and Department of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, the Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, and the Department of Human Anatomy, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University.

Background: Anatomical knowledge of the zygomatico-orbital artery and its most relevant clinical applications is essential for ensuring the safety of filler injection into the temporal region. The purpose of this study was to provide the precise position, detailed course, and relationship with surrounding structures of the zygomatico-orbital artery.

Methods: Fifty-eight patients who underwent head contrast-enhanced three-dimensional computed tomography and 10 fresh frozen cadavers were investigated. Read More

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Retrobulbar blood flow in rat eyes during acute elevation of intraocular pressure.

Exp Eye Res 2021 06 28;207:108606. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

F.L. Lizzi Center for Biomedical Engineering, Riverside Research, New York, NY, USA.

Most studies of the effect of acute elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) on ocular blood-flow have utilized optical coherence tomography (OCT) to characterize retinal and choroidal flow and vascular density. This study investigates the effect of acute IOP elevation on blood flow velocity in the retrobulbar arteries and veins supplying and draining the eye, which, unlike the retinal and choroidal vasculature, are not directly compressed as IOP is increased. By cannulation of the anterior chamber of 20 Sprague-Dawley rats, we increased IOP in 10 mmHg steps from 10 to 60 mmHg and returned to 10 mmHg. Read More

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Sphenoidal artery: review of the literature and analysis of a dissected arterially injected fetal orbit.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Mar 22;43(3):405-411. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Quinnipiac University, 275 Mount Carmel Ave, Hamden, CT, 06518, USA.

Purpose: The sphenoidal artery is considered a component of the complex and dangerous arterial anastomoses of the human orbitocranial region, particularly with the advent of interventional neuroimaging. The objective of this publication was to analyze the various descriptions of the sphenoidal artery in the literature as related to relevant photographs of a dissected arterially injected fetal middle cranial fossa and orbit.

Methods: Publications dealing with middle meningeal-ophthalmic arterial anastomoses, focusing on the sphenoidal artery, were reviewed. Read More

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Cavernous sinus embolisation prior to removal of penetrating foreign body in a 6-year-old child.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Dec 13;13(12). Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Transorbital penetrating foreign bodies are extremely rare in children and may penetrate the cavernous sinus or the underlying internal carotid artery. Parent vessel sacrifice and temporary balloon occlusion are feasible options for managing arterial injury during removal of the foreign body. Even in the absence of arterial injury, the ophthalmologist may encounter significant bleeding from the cavernous sinus deep in their operative field that is difficult to control. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of the anastomoses between the ophthalmic artery and the middle meningeal artery by superselective angiography.

Surg Radiol Anat 2020 Nov 16;42(11):1355-1361. Epub 2020 Aug 16.

Department of Preventive Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: There are three anastomoses between the ophthalmic artery (OA) and the middle meningeal artery (MMA): the anastomotic branch with MMA, the recurrent meningeal branch and the anterior falx artery. We aimed to evaluate the anastomotic branches between the OA and the MMA on superselective angiograms of pediatric patients with retinoblastoma.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated 126 angiographies performed on children with retinoblastoma. Read More

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November 2020

Basilar artery origin of an orbital artery - A rare variant and review of the embryology of the orbital arterial supply.

Interv Neuroradiol 2020 Oct 16;26(5):668-674. Epub 2020 Aug 16.

Clinic of Neuroradiology, Katharinenhospital, Stuttgart, Germany.

We present a patient with separation of the arterial supply to the globe and the extra-ocular muscles. The ophthalmic artery originates from the typical adult location and supplies only the globe. Arising from the basilar artery was a branch that supplies the extra-ocular muscles. Read More

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October 2020

Child with Wyburn-Mason syndrome presenting with sudden onset of intracranial haemorrhage.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jul 16;13(7). Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Radiology, St John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India.

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A case series: 3-dimensional computed tomographic study of the superior orbital vessels: Superior orbital arcades and their relationships with the supratrochlear artery and supraorbital artery.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 May 24;84(5):1364-1370. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou City, People's Republic of China; Second School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou City, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Vascular complications from periorbital intravascular filler injection are major safety concerns.

Objective: To thoroughly describe the superior orbital vessels near the orbital rim and propose considerations for upper eyelid and forehead injections.

Methods: Fifty-one cadaver heads were infused with lead oxide contrast media through the external carotid artery, internal carotid artery, and facial and superficial temporal arteries. Read More

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The Functional Anatomy of the Ophthalmic Angiosome and Its Implications in Blindness as a Complication of Cosmetic Facial Filler Procedures.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 10;146(4):745

From the Taylor Lab, Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, and the Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne; the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit, The Royal Melbourne Hospital; and the Professorial Plastic Surgery Unit, Epworth Freemasons Hospital.

Background: Blindness following facial filler procedures, although rare, is devastating, usually acute, permanent, and attributed to an ophthalmic artery embolus. However, blindness may be delayed for up to 2 weeks, sometimes following injection at remote sites, suggesting alternative pathways and pathogenesis.

Methods: Seeking solutions, fresh cadaver radiographic lead oxide injection, dissection, and histologic studies of the orbital and facial pathways of the ophthalmic angiosome, performed by the ophthalmic artery and vein, both isolated and together, and facial artery perfusions, were combined with total body archival arterial and venous investigations. Read More

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October 2020

Combined Surgical and Endovascular Treatment of an Intraorbital Arteriovenous Fistula Drained Into a Basal Vein of Rosenthal: A Technical Case Report.

World Neurosurg 2020 09 29;141:15-19. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.

Background: Intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare lesions, and their treatment is challenging. We have presented a case of an intraorbital AVF treated with endovascular embolization through the surgically accessed basal vein of Rosenthal.

Case Description: A 53-year-old man had been referred to our hospital for an aneurysm-like lesion that was compressing the left optic chiasm. Read More

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September 2020

Orbital Compartment Syndrome without Evidence of Orbital Mass or Ocular Compression After Pterional Craniotomy for Removal of Meningioma of the Frontal Lobe: A Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2020 07 25;139:588-591. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Uniformed University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare post operative complication of Neurosurgery. It presents typically acutely with loss of vision, loss of pupillary reaction, and limitation of extraocular movement. The etiology of OCS is most typically associated with increased pressure from a mass lesion in the orbit compromising the blood supply of orbital structures. Read More

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Successful endoluminal reconstruction of a pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery following a transorbital stab injury.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 07 11;194:105838. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Deptment of Neurosurgery, Tehran Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Traumatic penetrating injuries to the internal carotid artery (ICA) resulting in the formation of a traumatic pseudoaneurysm are potentially devastating injuries. Previously treatment included, open surgical occlusion of the affected vessel or endovascular embolization. However, with the advent of flow diverter stents, endoluminal reconstruction has become a viable treatment option. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced plane-wave ultrasound imaging of the rat eye.

Exp Eye Res 2020 04 29;193:107986. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Preclinical imaging, especially of rodent models, plays a major role in experimental ophthalmology. Our aim was to determine if ultrasound can be used to visualize and measure flow dynamics in the retrobulbar vessels supplying and draining the eye and the potential of contrast microbubbles to provide image and measurement enhancement. To accomplish this, we used a 128-element, 18 MHz linear array ultrasound probe and performed plane-wave imaging of the eyes of Sprague Dawley rats. Read More

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Angular Vessels for Free-Tissue Transfer in Head and Neck Reconstruction: Clinical Outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2020 11 19;130(11):2589-2592. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Section Head Facial Plastic and Microvascular Surgery, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To evaluate the efficacy and reconstructive applications of angular vessel microvascular anastomosis in free-tissue transfer.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: A study of patients treated from January 2010 to July 2017 was performed. Read More

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November 2020

Abnormal retrobulbar blood flow variables in central serous chorioretinopathy.

J Clin Ultrasound 2020 Sep 13;48(7):405-409. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Ophtalmology, Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate if the retrobulbar blood flow variables were deteriorated in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients.

Methods: We included 25 CSC patients and 25 healthy subjects. We used color Doppler ultrasonography to assess the ophthalmic artery (OA), the central retinal artery (CRA), and the posterior ciliary arteries (PCA) for peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistance index (RI). Read More

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September 2020

False and true accessory infraorbital foramina, and the infraorbital lamina cribriformis.

Morphologie 2020 Mar 7;104(344):51-58. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Division of Anatomy, Faculty of Dental Medicine, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address:

The infraorbital nerve (ION) and artery (IOA) course in the infraorbital canal (IOC) to exit through the infraorbital foramen (IOF). Few previous studies brought evidence of accessory IOF. Evaluation of the IOF in Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) is more accurate to determine whether or not foramina of maxilla are supplied by canaliculi deriving from the IOC. Read More

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Digital orbitoplethysmograph: A new device to study the regional cerebral circulation using extraorbital plethysmography.

J Neurosci Methods 2020 01 12;329:108459. Epub 2019 Oct 12.

Department of Pathological Physiology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Charles University, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Background: Noninvasive diagnostic methods utilizing pulse wave measurements on the surface of the head are an important tool in diagnosing various types of cerebrovascular disease. The measurement of extraorbital pressure fluctuations reflects intraocular and intracranial pressure changes and can be used to estimate pressure changes in intracranial arteries and the collateral circulation.

New Method: In this paper, we describe our patented (CZ 305757) digital device for noninvasive measuring and monitoring of orbital movements using pressure detection. Read More

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January 2020

Age-related changes in retrobulbar circulation: a literature review.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 Feb 1;40(2):493-501. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Laboratory of Biostatistics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Klemensa Janickiego 29, 71-270, Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction: The advances in research methods used in ophthalmology allow for an increasingly accurate examination of the eyes, as well as the morphology and function of the vessels. Colour Doppler imaging is still the first-line method for the analysis of parameters of retrobulbar circulation. Therefore, the aim of this work was to present the current state of knowledge about anatomical and functional age-related changes in retrobulbar arteries. Read More

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February 2020

The ophthalmic artery: a new variant involving two branches from the supracavernous internal carotid artery.

Surg Radiol Anat 2020 Feb 30;42(2):201-205. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Central Hospital, CHRU Nancy, Université de Lorraine, 29 Avenue Marechal de Lattre de Tassigny, 54035, Nancy, France.

Purpose: We report an extremely rare, double ophthalmic artery configuration.

Methods: We present 2D- and 3D-angiographic features of an anomalous origin of the ophthalmic artery.

Results: The double ophthalmic artery was the result of the persistence of the primitive dorsal ophthalmic artery combined with the presence of a second orbital artery originating from the supracavernous internal carotid artery, passing through the superior orbital fissure and into the orbit to furnish the muscular, lacrimal and ethmoidal arteries and the medial long posterior ciliary artery. Read More

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February 2020

Conservative management of spontaneous intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 01 10;48(1):121-123. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

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January 2020

Three Tesla 3D High-Resolution Vessel Wall MRI of the Orbit may Differentiate Arteritic From Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy.

Invest Radiol 2019 11;54(11):712-718

From the Departments of Neuroradiology.

Background: Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is the most common cause of acute optic neuropathy in older patients. Distinguishing between arteritic AION (A-AION) and nonarteritic (NA-AION) is paramount for improved patient management.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate 3-dimensional high-resolution vessel wall (HR-VW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 T to discriminate A-AION from NA-AION. Read More

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November 2019

Anatomical and ultrasound-based injections for sunken upper eyelid correction.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2020 Feb 21;19(2):346-352. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Area88 Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul, Korea.

Background: A needle or a cannula can be safely used during filler injection procedures to correct a sunken upper eyelid. To date, there are no precise injection points recommended that are based on an anatomical study.

Objective: This study systematically investigated the vascular pattern and depth of forehead arteries at the periorbital area of upper eyelid. Read More

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February 2020