7,335 results match your criteria Arquivos De Neuro-Psiquiatria[Journal]


Carotid artery stenosis: to infinity and beyond.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):337-338

Miami University, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Neurology Clinical Translational Research Division, Miami, EUA.

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Does length of time since diagnosis in Parkinson's disease influence heart rate variability? A cross-sectional study.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Presidente Prudente SP, Brazil.

Background: Intrinsic changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) affect the autonomic nervous system, and the disease course can aggravate the initial condition. Although the impact of time since disease onset on autonomic modulation has already been studied in other populations, this has not yet been investigated in PD.

Objective: To investigate the impact of the length of time since diagnosis on the cardiac autonomic modulation of individuals with PD and compare with healthy individuals. Read More

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Measuring optic nerve sheath diameter using ultrasonography in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Beytepe Murat Erdi Eker State Hospital, Department of Neurology, Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is primarily a disorder of obese young women characterized by symptoms associated with raised intracranial pressure in the absence of a space-occupying lesion.

Objective: To compare the mean optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured using ultrasonography (USG) in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and normal healthy individuals.

Methods: A prospective study. Read More

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Study on the serum level of CoQ10B in patients with Moyamoya disease and its mechanism of affecting disease progression.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Zhengzhou University, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou, Department of Neurosurgery, Henan, China.

Background: At present, the etiology and pathogenesis of Moyamoya disease (MMD) are not completely clear. Patients are usually diagnosed after cerebrovascular events. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to explore the predictive factors of MMD. Read More

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Proton spectroscopy: a simple and useful tool in the investigation of mitochondrial disease.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Hospital Federal dos Servidores do Estado, Serviço de Neurologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

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Magnetoencephalography in clinical practice.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Baylor College of Medicine, Neurology, Houston, Texas, United States.

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a neurophysiological technique that measures the magnetic fields associated with neuronal activity in the brain. It is closely related but distinct from its counterpart electroencephalography (EEG). The first MEG was recorded more than 50 years ago and has technologically evolved over this time. Read More

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Pain-related nociceptive evoked potential and skin wrinkle test in small fiber neuropathy.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr 20. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Complexo Hospital de Clínicas, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Serviço de Neurologia, Serviço de Doenças Neuromusculares e Desmielinizantes, Curitiba PR, Brazil.

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Sleep disorders and attention: a systematic review.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr 20. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Universidade Federal de Juiz e Fora, Instituto de Ciências Humanas, Departamento de Psicologia, Juiz de Fora MG, Brazil.

Background: Sleep is a special physiological state that occurs cyclically. The probable role of sleep in our organic functions remains to be explored to clarify the impact of sleep on brain functions. Sleep deprivation is known to affect all parts of the brain separately and independently, but further research is needed on the impact of sleep disorders on attention, particularly the specific types of attention that are most affected, and whether there is such a correlation. Read More

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Evaluation of neurological disorders that develop concurrently with COVID-19 pneumonia: a retrospective analysis.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):375-383

Firat University, Medicine Faculty, Department of Public Health, Elazig, Turkey.

Background: During the pandemic, many neurological symptoms have been evaluated as complications of COVID-19 pneumonia.

Objective: To investigate the frequency and characteristics of neurological findings, and their effects on the prognosis of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who consulted with the Neurology department.

Methods: Data on 2329 patients who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia in our hospital were scanned. Read More

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Traumatic brain injury in Brazil: an epidemiological study and systematic review of the literature.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):410-423

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, McGovern Medical School, Texas, USA.

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem worldwide. Although TBI is common in developing countries, there are few epidemiological studies.

Objective: To investigate the sociodemographic and clinical features of patients with TBI at the Hospital João XXIII, a public reference center for trauma in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and to systematically review the available literature on TBI in Brazil. Read More

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Analgesia with 5' extracellular nucleotidase-mediated electroacupuncture for neuropathic pain.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):289-295

Wen Zhou Medical University, The First Affiliated Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Acupuncture is a treatment for neuropathic pain, but its mechanism remains unclear. Previous studies showed that analgesia was induced in rats with neuropathic pain when their spinal cord adenosine content increased after electroacupuncture (EA); however, the mechanism behind this electroacupuncture-induced increase has not been clarified.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the role that ecto-5'-nucleotidase plays in EA-induced analgesia for neuropathic pain. Read More

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Cognitive sequelae of COVID-19, a post-pandemic threat. Should we be worried about the brain fog?

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):215-216

Universidad Espíritu Santo, School of Medicine, Research Center, Samborondón, Ecuador.

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Brain abscess and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):212-213

Rede MaterDei de Saúde, Departamento de Neurorradiologia, Belo Horizonte MG, Brazil.

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February 2022

Gut microbiome in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):192-207

Universidade de Campinas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Medicina Translacional, Campinas SP, Brazil.

Background: Neuropsychiatric disorders are a significant cause of death and disability worldwide. The mechanisms underlying these disorders include a constellation of structural, infectious, immunological, metabolic, and genetic etiologies. Advances in next-generation sequencing techniques have demonstrated that the composition of the enteric microbiome is dynamic and plays a pivotal role in host homeostasis and several diseases. Read More

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February 2022

Optical coherence tomography in neurodegenerative disorders.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):180-191

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Faculdade de Medicina, Pós-Graduação em Saúde, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Neurologia, Juiz de Fora MG, Brazil.

Background: Structural imaging of the brain is the most widely used diagnostic tool for investigating neurodegenerative diseases. More advanced structural imaging techniques have been applied to early or prodromic phases, but they are expensive and not widely available. Therefore, it is highly desirable to search for noninvasive, easily accessible, low-cost clinical biomarkers suitable for large-scale population screening, in order to focus on making diagnoses at the earliest stages of the disease. Read More

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February 2022

The association between sleep disturbances and tooth loss among post-stroke patients.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):173-179

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Departamento de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

Background: Loss of teeth has been associated with neurological and sleep disorders. It is considered to be a predictor of stroke and leads to modifications of airway patency and predisposition to obstructive sleep apnea.

Objective: To investigate sleep quality, risk of obstructive sleep apnea and excessive sleepiness among post-stroke patients with tooth loss attending the Neurovascular Clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo. Read More

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February 2022

Melanocytic lesions of the central nervous system: a case series.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):153-160

Universidad de Chile, Hospital del Salvador, Departamento de Neurología, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Melanocytic lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are an infrequent, broad and diverse group of entities, both benign and malignant, found in all age groups, with imaging findings ranging from well-circumscribed focal lesions to diffuse leptomeningeal involvement. On MRI, they are usually distinguished by a high signal on T1WI sequences, given the paramagnetic effect of melanin, thus making it difficult to differentiate among them.

Objective: To describe the imaging and epidemiological characteristics of a retrospective series of CNS melanocytic lesions. Read More

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February 2022

Functionality and disease severity in spinocerebellar ataxias.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):137-144

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Hospital de Clínicas, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Interna, Grupo de Doenças Neurológicas, Curitiba PR, Brazil.

Background: Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a group of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by deterioration of balance and functionality that tends to follow disease progression. There is no established link between formal clinical markers for severity and functional/balance scores that could guide rehabilitation teams.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between functional scales and ataxia severity in order to identify cutoff landmarks for functional loss and estimate the mean SARA (Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia) score for the risk ratings for falls on the BBS (Berg Balance Scale). Read More

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February 2022

Dialysis headache: characteristics, impact and cerebrovascular evaluation.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):129-136

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Divisão de Neuropsiquiatria, Recife PE, Brazil.

Background: Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms that occur during hemodialysis sessions. Despite the high prevalence of dialysis headache, it has been little studied.

Objective: To evaluate the characteristics, impact and factors associated with dialysis headache. Read More

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February 2022

Formal language assessment in low-educated persons with aphasia: can the lesion effect be distinguished from the education effect?

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):125-128

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

Background: Language tests are important in the assessment and follow up of people with aphasia (PWA). However, language assessment in the low literacy population is still a challenge.

Objective: To investigate whether a formal evaluation of aphasia is able to distinguish the neurological effect from the effect of low educational level in people with post-stroke aphasia. Read More

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February 2022

Dialysis headache.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 02;80(2):111

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Instituto de Psiquiatria, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

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February 2022

Guidelines for Parkinson's disease treatment: consensus from the Movement Disorders Scientific Department of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology - motor symptoms.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):316-329

Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus AM, Brazil.

The treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is challenging, especially since it is considered highly individualized. The Brazilian Academy of Neurology has recognized the need to disseminate knowledge about the management of PD treatment, adapting the best evidence to the Brazilian reality. Thus, the main published treatment guidelines were reviewed based on the recommendations of group from the Movement Disorders Scientific Department of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology. Read More

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Longitudinal whole-brain analysis of multi-subject diffusion data in diffuse axonal injury.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):280-288

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital das Clínicas, Departamento de Radiologia, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

Background: Diffuse axonal injury occurs with high acceleration and deceleration forces in traumatic brain injury (TBI). This lesion leads to disarrangement of the neuronal network, which can result in some degree of deficiency. The Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS-E) is the primary outcome instrument for the evaluation of TBI victims. Read More

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From disease to noninvasive intracranial monitoring.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Mar 14. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Hospital Pequeno Príncipe, Serviço de Neurocirurgia Pediátrica, Curitiba PR, Brazil.

Professor Sérgio Mascarenhas was a Brazilian researcher with a vast legacy. His work paved the way for new research possibilities by consolidating the use of innovation and transdisciplinary science. In Medicine, he proposed changes to what had previously been well-accepted concepts, and his contributions have influenced medical practices. Read More

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Sleep disorders in Down syndrome: a systematic review.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):424-443

Universidade Federal Delta do Parnaíba, Parnaíba PI, Brazil.

Background: Sleep disorders are commonly observed in children with Down syndrome (DS) and can lead to significant behavioral and cognitive morbidities in these individuals.

Objective: To perform a systematic review evaluating sleep disorders in individuals with DS.

Methods: Search strategies were based on combinations of keywords: "Down syndrome"; "trisomy 21"; "sleep disorders"; "dyssomnias"; "sleep apnea"; "obstructive"; "sleeplessness"; "insomnia"; "parasomnias"; and "excessive daytime sleepiness". Read More

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Accuracy of predictive scores of hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Mar 14. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo SP, Brazil.

Background: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a complication in ischemic strokes, regardless of use of reperfusion therapy (RT). There are many predictive scores for estimating the risk of HT. However, most of them include patients also treated with RT. Read More

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Quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease: a comparison between preoperative and postoperative states among those who were treated with deep brain stimulation.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):391-398

Hospital Universitário Cajuru, Curitiba PR, Brazil.

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a well-established procedure for treating Parkinson's disease (PD). Although its mechanisms of action are still unclear, improvements in motor symptoms and reductions in medication side effects can be achieved for a significant proportion of patients, with consequent enhancement of quality of life.

Objective: To investigate the impact of DBS on the quality of life of PD patients. Read More

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Family quality of life among families who have children with mild intellectual disability associated with mild autism spectrum disorder.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 Apr;80(4):360-367

Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, São Carlos SP, Brazil.

Background: Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often concomitant childhood developmental disorders. These disorders can alter family quality of life (FQoL).

Objective: To investigate FQoL among families who have children with mild ID, associated with mild ASD. Read More

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A likely case of progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia in Yasunari Kawabata's The Sound of the Mountain.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):330-332

Instituto de Neurologia de Curitiba, Departamento de Neurologia, Curitiba PR, Brazil.

Ageing has always been a prominent theme for many authors, who wrote about the physical and cognitive changes that accompany it. Japanese literature, in particular, is rich in examples, especially from the pen of Yasunari Kawabata. In The Sound of the Mountain, Kawabata narrates the old age of Shingo Ogata, who begins the book manifesting only lapses in episodic memory, in a manner compatible with what we would call mild cognitive impairment. Read More

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Medication reconciliation role and value in Alzheimer's disease treatment.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2022 03;80(3):233-239

The Second Hospital of Jinhua, Department of Five Wards of Geriatrics, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: With the continuous increase of Alzheimer's disease (AD), it is also imminent to treat patients with AD for medication reconciliation.

Objective: To explore the role and value of medication reconciliation in AD treatment.

Methods: 100 patients over 65 years of age diagnosed with AD were randomly separated into two groups: conventional treatment and medication reforming. Read More

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