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    1960 results match your criteria Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia [Journal]

    1 OF 40

    Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in multifocal pseudophakic eyes.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):183-187
    Departamento de Oftalmologia, Hospital Oftalmológico de Sorocaba, Banco de Olhos de Sorocaba, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: This report describes the use of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty for the management of endothelial decompensation after multifocal intraocular lens implantation.

    Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed and assessed the surgical outcomes of 9 patients (9 eyes) who underwent Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty after multifocal intraocular lens implantation.

    Results: Corneal edema occurred due to Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (n=3), pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (n=3), Descemet's membrane detachment (n=2), and toxic anterior segment syndrome (n=1). Read More

    Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK): intraoperative and postoperative complications and clinical results.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):212-218
    Department of Ophthalmology, Ministry of Health Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Purpose: To evaluate the complications and clinical results of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in patients with endothelial failure that occurred during the learning curve of a surgeon.

    Methods: Fifty eyes of 50 patients with DMEK and ≥6 months of follow-up were included. The patients were divided into the first 25 (group 1) and the second 25 (group 2) procedures performed by the surgeon. Read More

    Glaucoma due to ciliary body cysts and pseudoplateau iris: a systematic review of the literature.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):254-261
    Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Nossa Senhora da Conceição, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    The diagnosis of angle-closure glaucoma secondary to iridociliary cysts is challenging and lacks compiled literature support. We present a rare case of bilateral angle-closure glaucoma associated with pseudoplateau iris due to multiple ciliary cysts and conducted a systematic review of the literature to find similar case reports published between November 2006 and November 2016. Only 19 case reports present treatment modalities, and most cases required more than one therapeutic approach for controlling the intraocular pressure. Read More

    Bilateral periorbital necrotizing fasciitis: case report.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):239-241
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André, SP, Brazil.
    Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe infection of the subcutaneous tissue characterized by necrosis of the superficial fascia and overlying skin and is usually associated with previous trauma and comorbidities. Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis is rare and commonly causes visual loss and soft tissue defects. A better prognosis relies critically on early diagnosis, prompt medical treatment, and timely surgical intervention. Read More

    Ocular involvement in idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis associated with eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis: a case report.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):250-253
    Department of Ophthalmology, Costa del Sol Hospital, Malaga, Spain.
    A 43-year-old male with a history of eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis presented with headache and double vision since 48 h. Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis was diagnosed based on nuclear magnetic resonance and comprehensive systemic study findings. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis and idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis have been associated with IgG4-related diseases, but this was the first case in which they coexisted in the same patient. Read More

    Pupillometry in Chagas disease.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):195-201
    Nucleus of Tropical Medicine, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.
    Purpose: We investigated parasympathetic innervation abnormalities of the iris sphincter and ciliary muscles in chronic Chagas disease by measuring pupillary diameter and intraocular pressure.

    Methods: A group of 80 patients with Chagas disease was compared with 76 healthy individuals without chagasic infection. The following procedures were performed: pupillometry, hypersensitivity test to pilocarpine 0. Read More

    Chorioretinitis sclopetaria caused by an intraorbital metallic foreign body.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):247-249
    Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, Spain.
    A 44-year-old man was referred for evaluation of pain and temporal floaters after receiving a rebounded bullet impact to his right eye. Typical funduscopic findings, together with the confirmed presence of an intraorbital metallic foreign body, led to the diagnosis of chorioretinitis sclopetaria. Conservative management was performed as no severe symptoms were observed. Read More

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography of central retinal artery occlusion in the patent cilioretinal artery: a case report.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):242-246
    Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Here we report the case of a 78-year-old male patient with a 2-day history of low visual acuity and fundus and who was diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion. In addition, the patient had an allergy to fluorescein. A fundus examination of the left eye found a pink optic disc with blurred margins, diffuse pallor in the retina with arterial attenuation, and a normal band of the retinal area in the macular region. Read More

    Efficacy of the Canabrava Ring (pupil expansion device) in cataract surgery for eyes with small pupils: the first 30 cases.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):202-211
    Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of the first 30 cataract surgeries performed with a new disposable, injector-free, small-pupil expansion device.

    Methods: This consecutive case series included 30 eyes from 29 patients who underwent cataract surgery using a new disposable small-pupil expansion device called the Canabrava Ring (AJL Ophthalmic S.A, Spain). Read More

    Therapeutic effects of proanthocyanidin and coenzyme Q10 on nitrogen mustard-induced ocular injury.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):226-231
    Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey.
    Purpose: Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a devastating casualty agent in chemical warfare. There is no effective antidote to treat NM-induced ocular injury. We aimed to assess the effects of proanthocyanidin (PAC) and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on NM-induced ocular injury. Read More

    Monocular surgery to correct large-angle esotropia: a 10-year follow-up study.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):232-238
    Department of Strabismus, Hospital Regional de Presidente Prudente, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: To conduct a 10-year follow-up on the surgical correction of large-angle esotropia using monocular surgery, verifying surgical stability over time in both adults and children, and investigating the presence of consecutive exotropia among reviewed patients.

    Methods: The angles of deviation in primary position were measured using prism cover testing in patients with good vision in both eyes and the Krimsky method in those with severe amblyopia. Among the 46 patients who underwent surgery, 40 were evaluated 10 years post-surgery. Read More

    Long-term outcomes with Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis in ocular burns.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):177-182
    Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of Boston type I keratoprosthesis (B-Kpro) in the management of patients with ocular burn injuries.

    Methods: This prospective study included all patients with ocular burns who underwent B-Kpro implantation at a tertiary eye care center between February 2008 and November 2015. Twelve patients (12 eyes) were enrolled. Read More

    Prostaglandin antagonist relieves blood-retinal barrier breakdown induced by anterior segment intraocular surgery in a rat model.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):188-194
    Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou City, Fujian province, China.
    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of prostaglandin antagonists on blood-retinal barrier breakdown induced by anterior segment intraocular simulated surgery.

    Methods: Rats were randomly assigned to a negative control group, model group, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prophylactic treatment group, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs treatment group, corticosteroid prophylactic treatment group, and corticosteroid treatment group. Four hours and 48h after modeling, the concentrations of PGE1, PGE2, and PGF2 α in the aqueous humor and vitreous body of the rat model were visualized using ELISA. Read More

    Ocular manifestations of psoriasis.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):219-225
    Dermatology Department, Universidade do Estado do Pará, Belém, PA, Brazil.
    Purpose: We aimed to report the ocular manifestations observed in patients with psoriasis.

    Methods: Patients were included and referred to our ophthalmology clinic from dermatology clinics of Universidade do Estado do Pará between October 2013 and August 2014. Clinical interviews were conducted to identify relevant epidemiological data, clinical features, and treatment details, and data were recorded using the same protocol. Read More

    Effects of oral propranolol for circumscribed choroidal hemangioma.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jun;81(3):171-176
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the effects of oral propranolol for circumscribed choroidal hemangioma.

    Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal interventional study, we administered oral propranolol at a dosage of 1.5 mg/kg/day to five patients with circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Read More

    Intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgery: a prospective study.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):92-94
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.
    Objective: To study the safety parameters associated with intracameral moxifloxacin application five weeks after cataract surgery.

    Methods: The study was a prospective case series set in a private hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. A consecutive sample of 1,016 cataract surgeries was evaluated. Read More

    Endothelial assessment of donated tectonic corneas: a viable option for posterior lamellar transplantation.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):87-91
    Hospital Oftalmológico de Sorocaba, Banco de Olhos de Sorocaba, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: Donated corneas are classified as tectonic if there are defects within any layers of the cornea which would prevent a satisfactory visual outcome after transplantation. This study aimed to evaluate whether some tectonic corneas have sufficient endothelial characteristics to allow their use in posterior lamellar keratoplasty, and explored their reclassification for use in this sight-improving procedure.

    Methods: A retrospective review of all corneal tissues preserved by the Sorocaba Eye Bank from January to April of 2014 was performed. Read More

    Comparison of anterior segment parameters in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome, and normal subjects.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):110-115
    Ankara Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Purpose: To compare the anterior segment parameters of patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome, patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, and normal subjects.

    Methods: This prospective, controlled, comparative study included 150 eyes of 150 patients. The patients were divided into the pseudoexfoliation syndrome group, the pseudoexfoliation glaucoma group, and the control group (50 patients in each group). Read More

    Seasonal distribution of ocular conditions treated at the emergency room: a 1-year prospective study.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):116-119
    Ulucanlar Eye Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Purpose: To determine the clinical characteristics and seasonal distribution of patients admitted to the ocular emergency department of a tertiary ophthalmology care center.

    Methods: The study cohort includes 27,120 patients who were admitted to ocular emergency room between November 2013 and November 2014. The age, sex, reason for admission, diagnosis, and complete ocular examination reports were recorded for each patient. Read More

    Evaluation of a birth-related foveal hemorrhage in an infant using optical coherence tomography.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):157-160
    Department of Ophthalmology, Etlik Zübeyde Hanim Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    During the routine ophthalmologic examination of a 38-day old female infant, indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a dense hemorrhage on the fovea and a couple of superficial hemorrhages in the nasal retina of the left eye. No hemorrhage was observed in the right eye. A hand-held spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was used at the time of diagnosis. Read More

    Circulating levels of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) in age-related macular degeneration.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):120-124
    Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Purpose: To assess whether the serum levels of mannose-binding lectin of the lectin complement pathway are associated with age-related macular degeneration.

    Methods: Patients with age-related macular degeneration and age-matched controls underwent full ophthalmologic examination and optical coherence tomography. Using a time-resolved immunofluorometric assay, blood samples were evaluated to determine the serum mannose-binding lectin levels. Read More

    Internal carotid artery aneurysm mimicking normal-tension glaucoma.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):148-152
    Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Differentiating glaucomatous from nonglaucomatous optic disc cupping remains challenging. We present a case of a 48-year-old woman with an internal carotid aneurysm of approximately 3.5 mm × 6. Read More

    Association between human breast milk and retinopathy of prematurity.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):102-109
    Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Section, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Purpose: To evaluate the possible protective effect of breast milk against retinopathy of prematurity by comparing the amount of breast milk received by patients who developed retinopathy of prematurity and those who did not and to determine both the required minimum amount of breast milk and the time of life during which neonates need to receive breast milk for this effect to be significant.

    Methods: Cohort study of newborns with a birth weight of <1500 g or gestational age of <32 weeks, or both, born between January 2011 and October 2014 and hospitalized within the first 24 h of life in the Hospital Criança Conceição Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

    Results: The prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity of any degree was 31% (100 of 323 patients) and that of severe retinopathy of prematurity was of 9% (29 of 323 patients). Read More

    Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty with a simplified technique and low complication rate: the samba technique.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):130-136
    Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: We report a simplified Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) technique that involves safe and effective preparation and introduction, correct orientation, and easy unfolding of the donor graft inside the recipient anterior chamber.

    Methods: In this retrospective study, we assessed the surgical outcomes of 26 eyes of 23 consecutive patients (mean age, 61.2 ± 11. Read More

    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the orbital region: a case report.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):153-156
    Ophthalomology Department, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is an extremely rare tumor that occurs in the head and neck region. Here, we report a unique case of a primary undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma in the orbital region. A 35-year-old woman presented with a progressive proptosis and periocular edema for 1 year. Read More

    The study of the use of a latex biomembrane and conjunctival autograft in rabbit conjunctiva wound healing.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):125-129
    Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
    RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar o uso da biomembrana de látex e o transplante conjuntival autólogo na cicatrização conjuntival em coelhos. Métodos: Em nove coelhos albinos, neo-zelandeses, machos foram removidas áreas retangulares idênticas, do quadrante supero nasal, adjacente ao limbo, de ambos os olhos. As áreas desnudas da camada esclerótica nos olhos direitos foram recobertas com biomembrana de látex e a dos olhos esquerdos com enxerto conjuntival autólogo. Read More

    Vision and the Nobel Prize.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):161-165
    Hospital de Olhos de Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, Brazil.
    The Nobel Prize is the world's foremost honor for scientific advances in medicine and other areas. Founded by Alfred Nobel, the prizes have been awarded annually since 1901. We reviewed the literature on persons who have won or competed for this prize in subjects related to vision and ophthalmology. Read More

    Comparison of topical and retrobulbar anesthesia in terms of pain experience during silicone oil extraction.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):95-101
    Public Health Center, Turkish Public Health Institute, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Purpose: To compare the use of topical anesthesia and retrobulbar anesthesia during silicone oil removal with a mixed pars plana technique, through evaluating the pain experience of patients.

    Methods: We selected patients according to their behavior during previous vitreoretinal surgery and ophthalmologic examinations and divided them into two anesthesia groups: topical (n=36) and retrobulbar (n=33). We used a mixed technique for the passive removal of silicone oil in both groups. Read More

    In vivo confocal microstructural analysis of corneas presenting Kayser-Fleischer rings in patients with Wilson's disease.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):137-143
    Medical University of Varna, Varna, Bulgaria.
    Purpose: To evaluate microstructural differences between corneas with and without Kayser-Fleischer rings in age-matched subjects with Wilson's disease with neurological symptoms, using confocal laser scanning microscopy.

    Methods: The study included 12 subjects with Wilson's disease with neurological symptoms. Twelve corneas presented clinically with classic Kayser-Fleischer rings, visible on slit lamp examination; the other 12 served as controls. Read More

    Susac's syndrome: isolated retinal artery occlusion after 10 years of remission.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):144-147
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, Spain.
    Susac's syndrome, or microangiopathy of the retina, inner ear, and brain, is a rare condition characterized by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. The complete triad has been documented in 85% of reported cases. At clinical onset, the most common manifestations are central nervous system symptoms, followed by visual symptoms and hearing disturbances. Read More

    Eye bank procedures: donor selection criteria.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):73-79
    Banco de Olhos do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
    Eye banks use sterile procedures to manipulate the eye, antiseptic measures for ocular surface decontamination, and rigorous criteria for donor selection to minimize the possibility of disease transmission due to corneal grafting. Donor selection focuses on analysis of medical records and specific post-mortem serological tests. To guide and standardize procedures, eye bank associations and government agencies provide lists of absolute and relative contraindications for use of the tissue based on donor health history. Read More

    Recurrent idiopathic neuroretinitis as a spectrum of atypical optic neuritis: a case report and literature review.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):70-72
    Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
    Recurrent idiopathic neuroretinitis is an inflammatory optic neuropathy characterized by optic nerve edema and macular star, associated with painless and recurrent episodes of visual loss, poor visual prognosis, and visual field defects related to nerve fiber layer injury. The disorder is sometimes mistaken for atypical optic neuritis. However, early diagnosis is important for visual recovery. Read More

    Persistence of granular corneal dystrophy type-1 deposits in the predescemetic layer after big-bubble deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):66-69
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Escola Paulista de Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    We report intraoperative finding of Granular Corneal Dystrophy Type-1 (GCD1) deposits after stromal pneumodissection in deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in a 61-year-old female. Pneumodissection was performed from the center to the periphery of the cornea, characterizing a big bubble type 1 technique which dissects the deep stroma from the predescemetic layer. After stromal removal, persistence of whitish deposits inside the predescemetic layer was noted. Read More

    Intravitreal Angiostrongylus cantonensis: first case report in South America.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):63-65
    Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, McGill University. Montreal, Canada.
    This study reports the first case of intravitreal angiostrongyliasis in South America treated with posterior worm removal via pars plana vitrectomy. This was a retrospective, observational case study. Data from medical charts, wide-field digital imaging, ocular ultrasound, and visual evoked potential studies were reviewed. Read More

    Treatment of perforated cornea with an autologous lamellar scleral graft: histologic findings.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):59-62
    Laserfocus Center for Eye Microsurgery, Belgrade, Serbia.
    We report a case of central corneal perforation treated with an autologous lamellar scleral graft and histologic findings obtained after a subsequent penetrating keratoplasty. A corneal perforation within a large Pseudomonas ulcer in a 55-year-old male rigid gas permeable contact lens wearer was sealed by a lamellar scleral graft from the same eye, followed by an uneventful penetrating keratoplasty 6 months later. Histology of the excised button revealed that the well-apposed graft, which maintained the irregular arrangement of the scleral collagen fibers, was embedded in the corneal stroma over the deep blood vessels and a rupture in Descemet's membrane. Read More

    Ophthalmic adverse effects of nasal decongestants on an experimental rat model.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):53-58
    Department of Medical Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.
    Purpose: To investigate the potential effects of chronic exposure to a nasal decongestant and its excipients on ocular tissues using an experimental rat model.

    Methods: Sixty adult male Wistar rats were randomized into six groups. The first two groups were control (serum physiologic) and Otrivine® groups. Read More

    Anterior tarsal flap rotation combined with anterior lamellar reposition in the repair of cicatricial upper eyelid entropion.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):47-52
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Purpose: This study aimed to share the results of patients who underwent anterior tarsal flap rotation combined with anterior lamellar reposition because of cicatricial upper eyelid entropion, and to determine the effectiveness and reliability of this surgical technique.

    Methods: Fifteen eyes of 11 patients (2 right eyes; 5 left eyes; and 4 bilateral eyes) on whom we performed anterior tarsal flap rotation surgery combined with anterior lamellar reposition because of cicatricial entropion were included in this study. The medical records of the patients were analyzed retrospectively, and the causes of cicatricial entropion as well as the preoperative and postoperative ophthalmic examination findings were recorded. Read More

    Anterior segment optical coherence tomography findings in type I Boston keratoprosthesis.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):42-46
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: To report the results of high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography of patients implanted with a type 1 Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro).

    Methods: The retrospective study cohort included 11 eyes of 11 patients (average age, 58.4 years; range, 34-83 years). Read More

    Comparisons of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness changes after macular hole surgery.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):37-41
    Ophthalmology, Fundação Hilton Rocha, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Purpose: To compare postoperative changes in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients with macular holes treated with vitrectomy with Brilliant Blue-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling.

    Methods: Twenty-two eyes of 20 patients with macular holes were studied. Each eye was selected to undergo Brilliant Blue-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling. Read More

    Using a smartphone as a tool to measure compensatory and anomalous head positions.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):30-36
    Department of Ophthalmology, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
    Purpose: To describe a new method for measuring anomalous head positions by using a cell phone.

    Methods: The photo rotation feature of the iPhone® PHOTOS application was used. With the patient seated on a chair, a horizontal stripe was fixed on the wall in the background and a sagittal stripe was fixed on the seat. Read More

    Analysis of ophthalmological and vision-related publications in Latin America.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):24-29
    Instituto Mexicano de Oftalmología, Querétaro, Mexico.
    Purpose: To assess scientific production related to ophthalmology and vision in Latin America during the period from 2006 to 2015.

    Methods: The PubMed, Lilacs (Bireme), Google Scholar, SciELO, and Medigraphic databases were evaluated for this retrospective, descriptive, and comparative study.

    Results: A total of 1,510 articles was identified. Read More

    Weight reduction for a better visual outcome in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):18-23
    Izmir Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Turkey.
    Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between weight reduction and visual outcome in overweight patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

    Methods: Thirty-nine newly diagnosed, overweight (body mass index >25 kg/m2) patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were studied retrospectively. All patients underwent medical treatment with acetazolamide, and a weight reduction program was also offered. Read More

    Which dose of bevacizumab is more effective for the treatment of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity: lower or higher dose?
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):12-17
    Department of Ophthalmology, İnönü University Turgut Özal Medical Center, Malatya, Turkey.
    Purpose: To compare 0.5 mg and 0.625 mg of bevacizumab for treating aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP). Read More

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