2,300 results match your criteria Arquivos Brasileiros De Oftalmologia[Journal]


Carlos Américo Paiva Gonçalves Filho.

Authors:
Harley E A Bicas

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):304-305

Coordinator of the Directive and Administrative College of the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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February 2021

Anterior segment parameters in patients with coronavirus disease.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):301-302

Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology, Kırşehir Ahi Evran University School of Medicine, Kırşehir, Turkey.

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Surgical approach for lens extraction from a crowded anterior segment.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):299-300

Worcester Royal Eye Unit, Worcestershire Royal Hospital, Worcester WR5 1DD, United Kingdom.

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January 2021

Who is the ophthalmologist that developing countries need?

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):V-VI

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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February 2021

Varied presentations of congenital ocular synkinesis: do they all fit congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder spectrum?

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Instituto Strabos, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: Synkinesis results from nerve miswirings and causes aberrant movements of the affected muscles. We present a series of cases of rare congenital ocular synkinesis involving the extraocular muscles and the levator palpebrae superioris and speculate the possibility of classifying these entities in the spectrum of congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder.

Methods: Records of patients with the diagnosis of congenital ocular synkinesis were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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Unusual clinical phenotype of Stargardt disease.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain.

Mutations in the ABCA4 gene are a common cause of Stargardt disease; however, other retinal phenotypes have also been associated with mutations in this gene. We describe an observational case report of an unusual clinical phenotype of Stargardt disease. The ophthalmological examination included best corrected visual acuity, color and autofluorescence photography, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and electrophysiology tests. Read More

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Sequence of focal choroidal excavation types in a patient with bilateral central serous chorioretinopathy.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

A 39-year-old policeman complained of decreased bilateral central vision over the last two years. On examination, visual acuity was 20/40 and 20/400 in the right (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively, and fundoscopy revealed a bilateral hypopigmented macular lesion. Fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography demonstrated leakage and hyperintense spots, respectively, within the macular areas. Read More

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Coats disease with retinal neovascularization under subfoveal nodule: optical coherence tomography-angiography findings before and after ranibizumab treatment.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Aydin, Turkiye.

We conducted retinal neovascularization under subfoveal fibrotic nodule for Coats disease by using optic coherence tomography-angiography before and after ranibizumab treatment. Our patient was an 8-year-old boy who was referred with suspicious left retinal mass. His visual acuity was 20/400 in the left eye and 20/20 in the right eye at the time of admission. Read More

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Artificial intelligence: from the retina to the brain.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;84(2):197-198

Instituto da Visão, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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Postoperative intralesional 5-fluorouracil therapy for early recurrence management of pterygium.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;84(2):191-192

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

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Periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage due to leech therapy for headache.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;84(2):183-185

Department of Dermatomology, Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine, Goztepe, Kadikoy, Istanbul, Turkey.

A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage that are visible, especially on the right eye. We noted that her complaints began the day after she underwent leech therapy on the glabella area for headache. On the glabella, 2 leech bites were observed close to the right side. Read More

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Clinical and electroretinographic profile of 27 patients with Stargardt disease treated at a hospital in Brazil.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Sector of Neuro-Ophthalmology and Ocular Electrophysiology of the Complexo Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Purpose: Stargardt disease is the most common type of juvenile-onset macular dystrophy. It is bilateral and symmetrical in appearance, affects the macula, and its main characteristic is the loss of central vision that starts in the first or second decade of life. The purpose of this study was to describe the profile of the patients evaluated at the Complexo Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná, as well as describe the electroretinographic findings with the full-field electroretinogram in these patients. Read More

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February 2021

Comparison of the hypotensor effect between latanoprost versus selective laser trabeculoplasty obtained with the water drinking test.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Centro de Excelência em Oftalmologia, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: Glaucoma is the main cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Peak intraocular pressure is one of the main risk factors for glaucoma progression, and intraocular pressure reduction remains the only therapeutic strategy for all types of glaucoma. The main purpose of our study was to compare the baseline and peak intraocular pressure reduction obtained with the water drinking test between the two eyes of the same patients using 0. Read More

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February 2021

Vessel density in early-stage primary open angle glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma: a comparative controlled optical coherence tomography angiography study.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Ophthalmology Department, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Bakirkoy, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the vessel density of the optic nerve head and radial peripapillary capillary in the eyes with early-stage primary open angle glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and control eyes.

Methods: With visual field mean deviation scores >-6.0 dB, 54 eyes from 37 patients diagnosed with primary open angle glaucoma (n=18) and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (n=18) and healthy controls (n=18) were enrolled in this cross-sectional observational study. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of steroid eyedrops after trabeculectomy in glaucoma patients: a keratograph analysis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Glaucoma Service, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To investigate the use of preoperative steroid eyedrops in glaucoma patients undergoing trabeculectomy for ocular surface disease.

Methods: A total of 31 eyes of 31 glaucoma patients were included. Only glaucoma patients who had been using at least three topical intraocular pressure-lowering medications for longer than 6 months were included. Read More

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February 2021

Optimizing the effective doses of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and their combination on cultivated basal cell carcinoma.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: This study aimed to optimize the effective doses of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and their combination on cultivated basal cell carcinoma.

Methods: Cultivated basal cell carcinoma and fibroblastic cells were treated with different concentrations of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and their combination. Cell viability, cell cycle, apoptosis, and expression levels of TP53, CDKN1A, and CDK6 were investigated. Read More

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February 2021

Short-term results of ab-interno trabeculotomy using Kahook Dual Blade in patients with primary congenital glaucoma.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Instituto de Olhos Ciências Médicas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

The aim of this study is to present the results of ab-interno trabeculotomy using Kahook Dual Blade in patients with primary congenital glaucoma. An ab-interno trabeculotomy using a dual blade device was performed in three eyes of two patients with the diagnosis of primary congenital glaucoma. One of them in the left eye and the other patient in both eyes. Read More

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February 2021

Long-term results of visual function in posterior uveal melanoma patients treated with I125 episcleral brachytherapy in a Spanish referral Ocular Oncology Unit.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Statistics Unit, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

Purposes: We analyzed patient, tumor and dosimetric characteristics of subjects in a Spanish population diagnosed with uveal melanoma treated with iodine 125 (I125) episcleral brachytherapy, who presented with post-treatment loss of useful visual acuity and global evolution of visual acuity.

Methods: A single historic observational cohort study was undertaken. Patients with uveal melanoma were recruited between September 1995 and June 2015. Read More

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February 2021

Corneal crosslinking efficacy in patients with keratoconus under 18 years of age.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Instituto de Olhos Ciencias Médicas, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Purpose: Keratoconus presents certain specificities in pediatric patients compared with adults. The greatest challenge is because the disease is typically more severe and progresses faster in children. This retrospective study aimed to report crosslinking procedure in patients under 18 years of age and their follow-up for at least 24 months after the procedure. Read More

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February 2021

Long-term results of in-the-bag primary intraocular lens implantation in children younger than 24 months.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the safety of primary intraocular lens implantation in a large number of eyes in children aged <24 months.

Methods: The medical records of patients aged 5-24 months, who underwent primary intraocular lens implantation in the capsular bag, were reviewed. A foldable three-piece acrylic intraocular lens was implanted by the same surgeon using a single surgical technique. Read More

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February 2021

Nasolacrimal obstruction concomitant to cataract: diagnosis and management in the preoperative period of cataract surgery.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Feb 3. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: Concomitant nasolacrimal duct obstruction can occur in cataract carriers, which increases the risk of postoperative endophthalmitis. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge of Brazilian cataract surgeons on the diagnosis and management of cataracts associated with nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

Methods: This survey was based on a questionnaire involving Brazilian cataract surgeons that was conducted from March to April 2018. Read More

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February 2021

A case of late-onset Klebsiella oxytoca keratitis treated with topical imipenem after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):279-281

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to discuss a case of late-onset Klebsiella oxytoca keratitis after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty and its treatment. A 21-year-old female patient presented with redness and effluence in the left eye at 5 months after uncomplicated deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty surgery. In the examination, a single suture was loosened in the superior nasal region and there was an infiltration area and epithelial defect in the graft and recipient bed junction in the area of the loose suture. Read More

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Limitations and advances in new treatments and future perspectives of corneal blindness.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):282-296

Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

This review is intended to describe the therapeutic approaches for corneal blindness, detailing the steps and elements involved in corneal wound healing. It also presents the limitations of the actual surgical and pharmacological strategies used to restore and maintain corneal transparency in terms of long-term survival and geographic coverage. In addition, we critically review the perspectives of anabolic agents, including vitamin A, hormones, growth factors, and novel promitotic and anti-inflammatory modulators, to assist corneal wound healing. Read More

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January 2020

Pseudoexfoliation syndrome in a 27-year-old patient: a case report.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):275-278

Eye Department, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is more frequent in people aged >50 yeears, and its prevalence increases with age. Few reports have described cases in younger patients, all with a history of ocular surgery, especially iris resection. Herein, we describe the case of a 27-year old man with bilateral advanced glaucoma and pseudoexfoliation material in OS. Read More

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Fluorofenidone inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human lens epithelial cell line FHL 124: a promising therapeutic strategy against posterior capsular opacification.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 May-Jun;84(3):258-266

The 1st affiliated hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fu Zhou, Fujian Province, China.

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of fluorofenidone against transforming growth factor β2-induced proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human lens epithelial cell line FHL 124 and its potential mechanism.

Methods: We evaluated the effect of fluorofenidone on proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of human lens epithelial cell line FHL 124 in vitro. After treatment with 0, 0. Read More

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January 2020