2,534 results match your criteria Arquivos Brasileiros De Oftalmologia[Journal]


TXNRD2 (rs35934224) CT genotype and primary open-angle glaucoma.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May-Jun;85(3):327

Honorary professor, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, India.

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Indocyanine green angiographic findings in a patient with AIDS and disseminated sporotrichosis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May-Jun;85(3):320-321

Laboratory of Infectious Ophthalmology, Instituto Nacional de Infectologia, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

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Comparison of radial peripapillary capillary density results of individuals with and without Helicobacter pylori infection.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May-Jun;85(3):286-293

Department of Gastroenterology, Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the radial peripapillary capillary density using optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with and without Helicobacter pylori infection.

Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study comprised 52 patients (52 eyes: Group 1) and 38 patients (38 eyes: Group 2) with and without H. pylori infections, respectively. Read More

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Female Authorship Representation in Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia throughout its 80 years of existence.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May-Jun;85(3):V-XI

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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Impacts of COVID-19 pandemic and public policies on corneal transplantations in Brazil.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May-Jun;85(3):277-285

Associação Pan-Americana de Banco de Olhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and public policies on corneal donations and transplantations in Brazil and get reliable indicators to support effective measures for improving the system of obtaining, processing, distributing, using, and controlling donated ocular tissues.

Methods: A questionnaire was applied by the Brazilian office of the Pan-American Association of Eye Banks (APABO) to Brazilian Eye Banks to collect data from January to August 2020 and generate reliable indicators about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on corneal donations and transplantations in Brazil.

Results: Data from 37 Eye Banks showed that 76. Read More

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Scleral communication between Glaucoma drainage device capsule and the suprachoroidal space simulating amelanotic choroidal melanoma.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Ophthal Hospital Especializado Ltda, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

This is a case report involving a 56-year-old male patient with a history of pars plana vitrectomy due to a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the right eye that resulted in the implantation of a drainage device after the patient developed secondary glaucoma. Two years after the device's implantation, the patient was referred to our care as his visual acuity had decreased to 20/200 (1.00 LogMAR). Read More

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Treatment of orbital lymphatic malformation with oral sirolimus: a case report.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Regional of Malaga, Malaga, Spain.

It is estimated that lymphatic malformations in children account for 6% of all benign vascular malformations. New medical therapies have been developed for the management of lymphatic orbital disease. The purpose of this article was to describe a clinical case of orbital venolymphatic malformation in a 10-year-old boy, causing proptosis and palpebral edema. Read More

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BRAF and NRAS prognostic values in conjunctival melanoma: analysis and literature review.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinical Hospital of Valladolid, Spain.

Purpose: Conjunctival melanoma is a rare and aggressive tumor with a propensity for regional and distant metastases. This study aimed to analyze BRAF/NRAS markers in conjunctival melanoma and their relationship with tumor recurrences and patient prognosis.

Methods: This retrospective, observational, single-center study included consecutive patients with an anatomopathological diagnosis of conjunctival melanoma, registered between January 1992 and December 2019. Read More

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Comparison of surgically induced astigmatic changes after cataract surgery in post-Laser in situ keratomileusis corneas versus virgin eyes.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Postoperative refraction in modern mi-croincision cataract surgery gained extra importance in patients with the previous laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery. The surgically induced astigmatic changes in those eyes may differ not only in magnitude but also in direction compared to virgin corneas. This study aimed to compare the surgically induced astigmatic changes after microscopic cataract surgery between post-LASIK corneas and virgin eyes. Read More

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Ocular surface assessment and morphological alterations in meibomian glands with non-contact meibography in electronic cigarette smokers.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Antalya, Turkey.

Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the ocular surface and meibomian gland morphology in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) smokers.

Methods: The upper and lower eyelids of 25 male e-cigarette smokers and 25 healthy male non-smoker patients were evaluated using Sirius meibography. Meibomian glands loss was automatically calculated using Phoenix meibography imaging software module, with the result obtained as percentage loss. Read More

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Effects of tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors on the ocular surface.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Boyabat 75th Year State Hospital, Sinop, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and selective serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors on the ocular surface.

Methods: The study included 330 eyes of 165 patients using antidepressants and 202 eyes of 101 controls. Tear fluid breakup time, Schirmer I test, and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire were administered. Read More

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Ophthalmology emergency department visits in a Brazilian tertiary hospital over the last 11 years: data analysis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to describe the visits profile to Hospital São Paulo's ophthalmology emergency department, a 24-hour public open-access tertiary-care service in São Paulo, Brazil, that belongs to Federal University of São Paulo, over the last 11 years.

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted, including all patients (n=634,726) admitted to the ophthalmology emergency department of Hospital São Paulo between January 2009 and December 2019.

Results: From 2009 to 2019, the number of patients' presentations increased to 39. Read More

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Gas tamponade followed by laser treatment for macular retinal detachment secondary to optic pit.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The study aimed to describe anatomic and visual outcomes associated with perfluoropropane intravitreal injection followed by laser treatment for macular retinal detachment secondary to optic disc pit.

Methods: A single-center, retrospective study. Medical records of all patients treated at a tertiary retina referral center were evaluated between 2011 and 2018 for congenital optic disc pit-associated macular detachment with 0. Read More

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Arterial hemodynamics and its correlation with retinal microarchitecture in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.

Purpose: The study aimed to investigate the correlation between arterial hemodynamics measured by color Doppler ultrasonography and retinal microarchitecture parameters determined by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma.

Methods: This prospective study included 82 participants. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell inner plexiform layer, and ganglion cell complex values were measured. Read More

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Clinical and histopathological study of a hollow and posteriorly multiperforated polymethylmethacrylate implant in eviscerated rabbit eyes.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolarymgology and Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical and tissue response to a hollow polymethylmethacrylate orbital implant with a multiperforated posterior surface in an animal model after evisceration.

Methods: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits had their right eye eviscerated. All animals received a hollow polymethylmethacrylate implant 12 mm in diameter that is multiperforated in its posterior hemisphere. Read More

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Adverse effects associated with peribulbar injection of triamcinolone for the treatment of thyroid eye disease: a retrospective case series.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Division of Orbital and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Purpose: Peribulbar injection of triamcinolone is an alternative treatment for thyroid eye disease; however the safety profile of this therapeutic option remains controversial. The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of local and systemic adverse effects after peribulbar injection of triamcinolone in patients with thyroid eye disease.

Methods: This was a retrospective case series. Read More

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The importance of considering the possibility of ocular sporotrichosis in areas with high incidence rates of sporotrichosis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Ophthalmology Service, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Ocular sporotrichosis involving adnexa can present in 4 types: granulomatous conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis, Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome, and bulbar conjunctivitis. The incidence of ocular sporotrichosis has increased in regions with high incidence rates of sporotrichosis. We present a series of three cases of ocular involvement by the fungus Sporothrix species, including its manifestations, approaches, and relevance in areas where sporotrichosis has considerable incidence rates. Read More

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A full thickness macular hole following severe preeclampsia: a case report.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

University of Health Sciences, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

We report a case of a young woman presenting with decreased vision in the right eye. One month earlier, she developed severe preeclampsia at 22 weeks of gestation and the pregnancy was terminated. Fundus examination revealed cotton wool spots and hard exudates in the macula bilaterally, with a yellow spot at the center of the fovea in the right eye. Read More

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Scleral fixation of iris-Intraocular lens complex (Reper®) with Canabrava double-flanged technique: a case report.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

A 38-year-old patient who developed aphakia and aniridia secondary to trauma suffered from vision loss. To improve her vision, an iris-intraocular lens complex (Reper®) was fixed to the sclera with Canabrava's double-flanged technique. There was a satisfactory increase in the patient's visual acuity and no complications were observed during the 6-months follow-up. Read More

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Acute hydrops followed by corneal perforation five years after corneal cross-linking for keratoconus.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Centre for Microsurgery LaserFocus, Belgrade, Serbia.

We report a case of acute corneal hydrops followed by corneal perforation five years after corneal cross-linking for keratoconus. A healthy 24-year-old female patient underwent Dresden protocol cross-linking in her left eye due to advanced keratoconus. After five years of a stable cornea, she returned with epiphora, blurred vision, and a soft left eye. Read More

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Proposal of a new slit-lamp shield for ophthalmic examination and assessment of its effectiveness using computational simulations.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to use computational models for simulating the movement of respiratory droplets when assessing the efficacy of standard slit-lamp shield versus a new shield designed for increased clinician comfort as well as adequate protection.

Methods: Simulations were performed using the commercial software Star-CCM+. Respiratory droplets were assumed to be 100% water in volume fraction with particle diameter distribution represented by a geometric mean of 74. Read More

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Comparison of strip meniscometry and Schirmer tear test results and tear film breakup time between healthy dogs and dogs with dry eye disease.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Veterinary Hospital, Universidade do Oeste Paulista, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: To compare strip meniscometry and Schirmer tear test 1 results and tear film breakup time between dogs with normal eyes and dogs diagnosed with keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Methods: One-hundred fifty-six eyes of 78 dogs, 88 normal eyes, and 68 eyes diagnosed with keratoconjunctivitis sicca were included in the study. The tests were performed in the following sequence: Schirmer tear test 1 was used to allocate the dogs to the normal or keratoconjunctivitis sicca group, followed by the strip meniscometry test and tear film breakup time measurement. Read More

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Clinical and radiologic outcomes of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara,Turkey.

Purpose: To compare the radiologic and clinical features of primary lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed imaging findings and medical records of lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Results: Eleven patients with pleomorphic adenoma and 16 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma were evaluated. Read More

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Phototherapeutic keratectomy: current approaches and changing trends in a tertiary eye clinic.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To examine the efficacy of phototherapeutic keratectomy as a treatment for variable pathologies with anterior corneal opacities and evaluate the distribution of phototherapeutic keratectomy indications over the past 10 years.

Methods: The records of 334 eyes from 276 patients who underwent phototherapeutic keratectomy between March 2010 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Etiologies of the patients who underwent phototherapeutic keratectomy were noted, and their changes were examined. Read More

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Trabecular microbypass as replacement therapy in pharmacologically controlled open-angle glaucoma patients.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.

Purpose: To assess the outcomes of the trabecular bypass as replacement therapy for medications in pharmacologically controlled vs. pharmacologically uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma patients.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of eyes treated with first- (iStent) or second-generation (iStent inject) trabecular bypass. Read More

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A bullous variant of central serous chorioretinopathy treated with oral spironolactone.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Retina Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil.

We report the case of a 39-year-old male patient who presented with visual loss in the right eye for 6 weeks. The best-corrected visual acuity was counting fingers in the right eye and 20/30 in the left eye. The fundus examination demonstrated a right retinal detachment inferiorly extending to the fovea and a left macular serous detachment. Read More

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Use of Schirmer strips and conjunctival swabs for virus detection on the ocular surface of adults: a scoping review.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Schirmer strips and conjunctival swabs are used in ophthalmology for the collection of tears and fluids. One of the biggest challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic has been accurate diagnosis and, in some cases, ocular manifestations are among the first symptoms. In this context, this study aimed to collect evidence to support the use of Schirmer strips and conjunctival swabs as a method of sample collection for viral analysis. Read More

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Clinical outcomes of epithelial ingrowth following laser in situ keratomileusis with mechanical debridement and compressed heating air fow: a case series.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Refractive Surgery, Hospital Oftalmológico de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe the clinical outcomes of manual scraping of epithelial ingrowth followed by compressed heating air flow after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

Methods: We underwent a retrospective, noncomparative, and interventional case series. Twenty eyes of 17 patients were included in this study. Read More

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