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    6036 results match your criteria Archivos espanoles de urologia[Journal]

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    Does using alprazolam during outpatient flexible cystoscopy decrease anxiety and pain?
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):800-805
    Department of Urology and Anesthesiology. YeniYuzyil University School of Medicine. Istanbul. Turkey.
    Objectives: To evaluate the effect of pre-operative alprazolam medication on anxiety and pain in flexible cystoscopy for bladder cancer follow-up.

    Methods: A total of 86 male patients who had flexible cystoscopy for bladder cancer follow-up at 6th and 9th months were included in the study. A visual analog scale (VAS) pain score and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were used. Read More

    [Neurofibromas in the urogenital system: Report of two cases and literature review.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):796-799
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital General Universitario de Elche. Elche. Alicante. España.
    Objective: We introduce two cases of a 46 and 66-year-old patient, both diagnosed with pelvic neurofibroma (One located in a seminal vesicle, the other in the bladder). The first patient had been diagnosed with Neurofibromatosis type 1 while the other was diagnosed with a sporadic neurofibroma.

    Methods: During a study for lower urinary tract symptoms referred, these patients were diagnosed seminal vesicle and bladder neurofibroma, respectively, using image and histological tests. Read More

    [Adenoma metanephric: Report of 2 cases and bibliographic review.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):792-796
    Servicio de Anatomía Patológica. Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena. Sevilla. España.
    Objective: Two cases of metanephric adenoma are presented, a rare benign renal tumor, and a literature review is done under the current WHO classification (2016).

    Methods: Standard histopathological study was performed with hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry to analyze the expression of WT, Vimentin, Racemase, CK7, CD10 and RCC.

    Results: Neoplasms of 3 and 4. Read More

    [Consensus on castration-resistant prostate cancer management in Spain.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):777-791
    Hospital Universitario Basurto. Bilbao. España.
    Objectives: To move towards a more standardized approach in clinical practice to manage patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in Spain.

    Methods: A panel of 18 Spanish experts in Urology with expertise managing CRPC followed a modified Delphi process with two rounds and a final face-to-face consensus meeting. The panel considered a total of 106 clinical questions divided into the following 6 sections: definition of CRPC, diagnosis of metastases by imaging techniques, symptoms of CRPC, progression of CRPC, M0 and M1 management and therapeutic sequencing. Read More

    [Complications of radical prostatectomy.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):766-776
    Institut Mutualiste Montsouris. Paris. Francia.
    Objectives: The aim of this article is to classify and describe the different types of complications of radical prostatectomy, their frequency of appearance, as well as the different factors that may influence their development.

    Methods: A systematic review of the literature was carried out, based on the search of published articles between 2002 and 2015.

    Results: Laparoscopic or robotic radical prostatectomy may require conversion into open surgery, and these cases are significantly associated with longer hospital stay and greater rate of complications. Read More

    [Prognostic factors predicting failure of the trial without catheter after tamsulosin in patients with acute urinary retention.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):759-765
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital de Trauma y Emergencias Dr. Federico Abete de Malvinas Argentinas. Buenos Aires. Argentina.
    Objective: To analyze prognostic variables that impact on the trial without catheter after tamsulosin in patients with acute urine retention.

    Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospective database of a cohort of successive patients with acute urinary retention due to benign prostatic hyperplasia attended at the urology emergency room during one year time period. We analyzed the clinical and radiological characteristics and the international prostatic symptom score questionnaire of a total 65 male patients. Read More

    [Mid-term safety and efficacy of high power thulium laser vaporization.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Nov;70(9):751-758
    Unidad Litotricia y Endourología. Servicio Urología. Hospital Universitario de La Ribera (Alzira), Valencia. España.
    Objective: Thulium laser vaporization of the prostate (TL-PVP) has been performed for almost 10 years. However, there are very few studies focused on high power (150 W) applications. Published sources have short follow-up periods, few cases and small prostatic volumes. Read More

    Comparison of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty and onlay island flap urethroplasty techniques in the repair of primarily proximal hypospadias.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):740-745
    Department of Urology. Ankara Training and Research Hospital. Ankara. Turkey.
    Objectives: To compare the success of the 'tubularized incised plate urethroplasty' (TIPU) and 'Onlay island flap urethroplasty' (OIFU) techniques for the repair of primary proximal hypospadias.

    Material And Methods: A retrospective evaluation was made of the medical records of 68 patients with primary, non-complicated hypospadias, who were operated on in the Department of Urology, Ministry of Health Ankara Education and Research Hospital, between January 1997 and December 2012. Patients who underwent hypospadias surgery with TIPU were labelled as Group 1 and the OIFU technique as Group 2. Read More

    [Uretero-arterial fistula secondary to renal artery aneurysm. Unusual complication of a low prevalence disease.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):736-739
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Son Espases. Palma de Mallorca. España.
    To review the presentation, diagnosis and treatment of the renal artery aneurysms. Also, to report a non-described complication like the presence of an ureteroarterial fistula, its diagnosis, treatment and complications.

    Methods: We report the case of a patient with a renal artery aneurysm that presents a ureteroarterial microfistula on a CT scan, his presenting symptoms, the diagnosis, treatment and management of the subsequent complications. Read More

    [Renal Cell Carcinoma metastases in the maxillofacial area: Case series.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):732-735
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Cruces. Barakaldo. España.
    Renal cell carcinoma is an unpredictable malignancy. Sometimes, metastases are the disease debut. On the other hand, metastases could present years after treatment of the primary tumor. Read More

    [Lithogenic risk index in urinary lithiasis patients and their evolution after treatment.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):725-731
    Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Paraguay.
    Objective: To determine the lithogenic risk index and its evolution after treatment of paraguayan lithiasic patients.

    Methods: This experimental study of temporal series included 28 lithiasic patients of both sexes that attended to the Instituto de Prevision Social in 2012. Basal evaluation included metabolic study and urinary saturation indexes determined by EQUIL software. Read More

    [Analysis of success predictive factors in the treatment of urinary lithiasis by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. patient optimization: ESWL score.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):715-724
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Sanitas La Moraleja. Madrid. España.
    Objective: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) represents one of the most frequently used methods to treat urinary tract calculi. However, sometimes we do not obtain the fragmentation expected. The aim of this study is to evaluate the parameters that may influence ESWL final results, developing a classification for better patient's selection and outcome optimization. Read More

    [Impact of a goal directed therapy in the implementation of an ERAS (Enhanced recovery after surgery) protocol in laparoscopic radical cystectomy.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):707-714
    Servicio de Anestesiologia y Reanimación. Hospital Universitario La Paz. Madrid. España.
    Objectives: The intraoperative goaldirected fluid therapy (GDT) has become the base of perioperative management in the fast-track protocols. This program using technology to estimate cardiac output, with the aim of minimizing splanchnic hypoperfusion. However, there is insufficient evidence to confirm its application in radical laparoscopic cystectomy. Read More

    [Laparoscopic adenomectomy: Evolution of the technique and results.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):695-706
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital General Universitario de Elche. Alicante. España.
    Objective: Laparoscopic adenomectomy (LA) is an effective procedure for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which reproduces the surgical steps of the open adenomectomy (OA) by a minimally invasive approach to obtain the favorable results of open surgery in combination with the benefits offered by laparoscopic techniques. We performed a comprehensive bibliographic review of the technique and its current results in order to describe the evolution of the surgical technique and present the current evidence on the LA.

    Methods: A comprehensive review about LA was conducted from 2002 to 2016 in PubMed and Google Scholar. Read More

    Urodynamics before surgery for stress urinary incontinence in female patients: An open debate.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Oct;70(8):691-694
    Urology and Andrology Clinic. Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences. University of Perugia. Italy.
    Currently the debate on the role of urodynamic tests in the preoperative evaluation of female stress urinary incontinence is alight. Although urodynamic investigation (UDI) has been considered mandatory before surgery in all female patients affected by stress urinary incontinence, nowadays international guidelines are more cautious. Literature on this topic has been reviewed in order to clarify the role of UDI before surgery for "complicated" and "uncomplicated" stress urinary incontinence in female patients. Read More

    A retrospective analysis of mathieu and tip urethroplasty techniques for distal hypospadias repair; A 20 year experience.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):679-687
    Department of Urology. Medicine Faculty of Ahi Evran University. Kirsehir. Turkey.
    Objective: We aimed to identify the changes in the application rate of two surgical techniques in distal hypospadias repair in years and compare the most popular two surgical repair techniques for distal hypospadias in terms of surgical outcomes, the factors that affect the outcomes, which were performed over a 20 year period.

    Methods: In this study, the records of 492 consecutive patients that had undergone an operation for distal hypospadias in the urology clinic of Ankara between May 1990 and December 2010 using either Mathieu or TIPU surgical techniques were reviewed retrospectively. The patients who had glanular, coronal, and subcoronal meatus, were accepted as distal hypospadias cases. Read More

    A novel heterozygous mutation in the Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):675-678
    Department of Urology. La Paz University Hospital. Madrid. Spain.
    Objetive: Our aim is to present a novel mutation of the Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome.

    Methods: We present a case report of a 70-year-old male with three solid nodulary lesions of 4, 2.6, and 3 cm each in the right kidney, and two lesions of 1. Read More

    [Paratesticular sarcoma with synchronous renal carcinoma.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):670-674
    Departamento de Urología Oncológica. Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas. Lima-Perú.
    Objetive: Primary undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) of the testicular tunics is rare, and synchronism with other malignancies of the urinary tract is uncommon, and may complicate the staging and therapeutic approach. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with primary paratesticular UPS with synchronous Renal Carcinoma.

    Methods: Patient presenting with intrascrotal tumor who underwent left radical orchiectomy. Read More

    [Effect of the cellular and humoral immune response in infertile couples and its relationship with infections.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):662-668
    Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas. Universidad Nacional de Rosario (UNR).Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica UNR.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of different microorganisms isolated from the urogenital tract of infertile men and assess whether there are differences in semen parameters according to the presence or absence of genital infections.

    Methods: 280 semen samples from infertile men were studied retrospectively. Semen parameters were analyzed according to the World Health Organization criteria (WHO 2010). Read More

    [Overall survival and renal function after partial and radical nephrectomy in malignant localized renal tumors.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):654-661
    Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular-Materno Infantil de Gran Canaria. Las Palmas. España.
    Objective: To evaluate the overall survival rate and renal function in our series after radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN) in renal tumors in an early stage.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 229 patients who underwent RN or PN for renal cancer T1-T2N0M0 in our center between 1995 and 2015. We described demographic factors, first symptom, TNM, histology, post-surgery data, recurrence rate and renal function. Read More

    [Validation of the spanish version of the pediatric lower urinary tract symptoms scale (PLUTSS).]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):645-653
    Departmant of Urology. Marmara University School of Medicine. Istanbul. Turkey.
    Objectives: Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTD) is the most common clinical problem in pediatric urology. To our knowledge non-validated instruments properly designed to screen lower urinary tract symptoms in the pediatric population has been translated and adapted to Spanish population. Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Score (PLUTSS) has proven to be a valid questionnaire for screening and evaluation of the response of children with LUTD to therapy. Read More

    [Intravesical botulinum toxin under local anestesia as ambulatory procedure.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Sep;70(7):635-644
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Madrid. IRYCIS.España.
    Bladder hyperactivity is described as the presence of "voiding urgency, generally associated with increased daytime frequency and nocturia, with or without urinary incontinence, in the absence of urinary tract infection or other obvious pathology". Onabotulinum toxin A (BTA) is a recommendable therapeutic option in case of failure, contraindication or refusal of the conservative therapy or other non-pharmacological therapies. The injection of BTA in the detrusor has been performed under local, regional or general anesthesia either in the conventional or major ambulatory surgery operative room or in the cystoscopy room. Read More

    [Adult type granulosa cell testicular tumor. Case report and bibliographic review.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):617-620
    Servicio de Urología.Hospital Universitario de Getafe. Madrid. España.
    Objetive: To describe the adult type granulosa cell testicular tumors (classified as sex cordstromal tumor) due to their behavior, hardly known with a small number of cases reported.

    Method: We report a new case of a 59-year-old man presenting an adult type granulosa cell tumor of the testis (AGCTT), painless, with a 3.3 centimeter intratesticular heterogeneous mass on ultrasound, with solid and cystic areas. Read More

    [Major complications of acquired renal cystic disease: Wünderlich syndrome and papilar carcinoma.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):612-617
    Servicio de Anatomía Patológica. Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena,Sevilla. España.
    Objetive: We report a case of acquired renal cystic disease associated with renal dialysis and endstage renal disease. The patient suffered the two major complications related with acquired renal cystic disease; hemorrhage and renal carcinoma.

    Methods: Our case is a patient with acquired renal cystic disease, single kidney after surgery for renal clear cell carcinoma four years earlier, who developed a Wünderlich syndrome (WS). Read More

    Can surgical approach affect postoperative analgesic requirements following laparoscopic nephrectomy: Transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal? A prospective clinical study.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):603-611
    Department of Anesthesiology. Istanbul University. Istanbul Faculty of Medicine.
    Objectives: We performed this prospective clinical study to compare the postoperative recovery profile of our patients after transperitoneal (Group T) and retroperitoneal (Group R) laparoscopic nephrectomy approaches. Our primary hypothesis was that epidural analgesic consumption in Group R would be higher at the end of the first postoperative day.

    Methods: Forty-four patients scheduled for elective transperitoneal or retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies were enrolled. Read More

    [Coordinated care unit for patients with neural tube anomalies and their families.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):579-602
    Director de la Escuela Internacional de Urología Pediátrica y fetal del Colegio de Médicos de Málaga. España. Director del Master Internacional de Urología Pediátrica de la Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. Málaga.España.
    Bifid Spine is a multisystem malformation incurable and transmissible with a lot of important sequelae, some of them with treatment and some other avoidable. They affect and limit not only health but social-work life too. The main objective must be prevention. Read More

    [Prognostic factors in renal cancer with venous thrombus survival analysis.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):570-578
    Departamento de Urología. Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria. Tenerife. España. Departamento de Urología. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid. España. Departamento de Cirugía Vascular. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid. España. Departamento de Anestesia. Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid. España.
    Objectives: To analyze surgery for renal cancer with venous thrombus at different levels, perioperative complications and prognostic factors associated to overall, cancer-specific and disease-free survival.

    Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of 42 cases of renal cancer with venous thrombus performed between 2005 and 2015. The level reached by the thrombus was established according to the Mayo Clinic classification. Read More

    [Tolerability, persistence and satisfaction. Retrospective cohort study in patients with overactive bladder syndrome treated with transdermal Oxybutynin under Standard ClinicAl pRactice. OSCAR Study.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jul;70(6):561-569
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Puerta del Mar. Cádiz. España.
    Objectives: To determine the tolerability, persistenceand satisfaction of patients with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) treated with transdermal oxybutynin (OXY-TDS).

    Methods: Observational, retrospective, multicenter study, in patients with OAB who had started treatment with OXY-TDS at least 12 months before their inclusion. Tolerability was evaluated by number, severity criteria, resolution type of adverse reactions, and cognitive function with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), at 1 year of treatment. Read More

    Comparison of ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy and micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy in moderate-size renal stones.
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 06;70(5):550-555
    Department of Urology. Samsun Ondokuz Mayis University. Samsun. Turkey.
    Objective: We aimed to compare the success and complications of ultra-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy and micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy techniques.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 74 patients. Moderate-size stones were included in the study. Read More

    [Evolution from Percutaneous nephrolithotomy to Mini-PCNL in supine position on the treatment of complex renal calculi: feasibility study.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):542-549
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario de Getafe. Madrid. España.
    Objectives: Mini-PCNL is a potentially less invasive technique than standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We present our experience and results comparing both approaches in large burden complex renal calculi.

    Methods: Prospective non randomized study comparing PCNL (24/26F nephroscope; Group A) and Mini-PCNL (15/18F; Group B) perioperative and postoperative results, in 40 (20 each group) consecutive patients between 2013 and 2014. Read More

    [Renal lithiasis, can we predict the need for retreatment in retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS)?]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):534-541
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario de La Ribera. Alzira. Valencia. España.
    Objectives: To analyze the predictive factors for retreatment in RIRS to achieve complete lithiasis resolution.

    Methods: Retrospective comparative study analyzing 298 cases of RIRS performed in our center over a 3 year period. The cohort was divided in two groups: Resolution in one operation or more than one, evaluating homogeneicity for age and gender. Read More

    [Testicular Cancer Epidemiology in Developing Countries. Review of the literature.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):513-523
    Unidad de Urología. Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Bogotá. Colombia.
    Objective: Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common cancer in men between 15 and 44 years. It has been reported that the incidence of TC is rising. The aim of this article is to determine the epidemiology of TC in Colombia. Read More

    [Renal tumors percutaneous ablation by microwave. Initial experience.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):525-533
    Residente de Urología. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía.Córdoba. España.
    Objective: To analyze retrospectively the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous microwave ablation of solid renal tumors, and also review different approach techniques.

    Methods: It is a retrospective study approved by the ethics committee of both hospitals. 14 tumors with a mean size of 37 mm (12-50 mm) were treated in a single session, under general anesthesia and with CT guidance, in 14 patients (9 men) with a mean age of 66 years, using the ablation system AMICA by different approaches (trans pulmonary, trans peritoneal and retroperitoneal). Read More

    [Comparison of two on-line risk calculators versus the detection of circulating prostate cells for the detection of high risk prostate cancer at first biopsy.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):503-512
    Hospital Carabineros de Chile. Nunoa. Santiago. Chile.
    Objective: The limitations of total serum PSA values remains problematic; nomograms may improve the prediction of a positive prostate biopsy (PB). We compare in a prospective study of Chilean men with suspicion of prostate cancer due to an elevated total serum PSA and/or abnormal digital rectal examination, the use of two on-line nomograms with the detection of primary malignant circulating prostate cells (CPCs) to predict a positive PB for high risk prostate cancer.

    Methods: Consecutive men with suspicion of prostate cancer underwent 12 core TRUS prostate biopsy. Read More

    [Evaluation of a seminal vesicle biopsy protocol simultaneous to diagnostic prostate biopsy. Analysis of indication criteria.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 Jun;70(5):493-502
    Departamento de Urología. Hospital General Universitario JM Morales Meseguer. Murcia. España.
    Objectives: To analyze the indication criteria used for conducting seminal vesicles biopsies as well as the diagnostic capacity of other variables involved.

    Methods: We present the results of an observational and retrospective study (May 2006 - December 2012) using a sample of 140 patients to whom seminal vesicles biopsies was performed in a first set of prostate biopsy. They were patients eligible for curative treatment and presented any of the following criteria: PSA ≥15 ng/ml, suspicion of neoplastic seminal vesicle invasion on transrectal US, and/or suspicious node in the prostate base on DRE or transrectal US. Read More

    [Laparoscopic management of ureteroileal stenosis: Long term follow up.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 May;70(4):487-491
    Departamento de Urología. Fundació Puigvert. Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Barcelona. España.
    Objective: To describe the laparoscopic approach for uretero-ileal anastomosis strictures and to analyse our long term series.

    Methods: A retrospective review was performed evaluating our series of patients with benign ureteroileal anastomosis strictures treated laparoscopically from 2011 to 2017. Demographics and perioperative data were obtained and analyzed. Read More

    [Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) ureteral reimplantation.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 May;70(4):480-486
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital NISA Pardo Aravaca. Madrid. España.
    Objective: To present in detail our surgical technique and to show our initial experience with ureteral reimplantation using the transumbilical LESS approach to treat patients with ureteral stenosis secondary to various diseases and surgical complications.

    Methods: We performed 7 ureteral reimplantations from February 2012, using the multichannel Richard- Wolf (KeyPort) platform placed transumbilical by a small 2-2,5 cm transversal incision. We always use a 3. Read More

    [Mini-laparoscopic pyeloplasty.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 May;70(4):475-479
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla. Santander. España.
    Continued progresses in the field of laparoscopy have been introduced in urological surgery. With the development of smaller instrumental minilaparoscopy was born seeking to reduce abdominal trauma and improve cosmetic scars, obtaining similar or better results than conventional laparoscopy.

    Objective: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the results and reproducibility of mini-laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Read More

    [Laparoscopic treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 May;70(4):468-474
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón. Madrid. España.
    Objectives: Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disease that may condition a severe involvement of various organs, mainly upper urinary tract, even causing renal insufficiency. It was first described by Albarran in 1905 and it is also known as Ormonds disease. The correct diagnosis includes, in many cases, the performance of one or more tests: CT scan, MRI, renal scan, etc. Read More

    [Robotic kidney transplantation.]
    Arch Esp Urol 2017 May;70(4):462-467
    Servicio de Urología. Hospital Clinic de Barcelona. España.
    Objective: Renal transplant surgery has not undergone any major changes until a few years ago, probably due to the technical difficulty involved in performing a laparoscopic transplant. With the introduction of robotic technology, the difficulties derived from laparoscopic surgery in certain procedures have been reduced, so we can now offer a minimally invasive approach to kidney recipients.

    Methods: Review of published literature on robotic kidney transplantation. Read More

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