Arch Argent Pediatr 2022 06;120(3):e123-e127
Hospital Público Materno Infantil, Salta, Argentina.
Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, prevalence 1:200,000 - 1:1,000,000, and is characterized by fasting chylomicrons and very high triglycerides > 880 mg/dl. LPL is the most frequently affected gene, then APOC2, GPIHBP1, APOA5, LMF1, all of them compromising the function of lipoproteinlipase. FCS commonly presents in childhood with recurrent abdominal pain, eruptive xanthomas, failure to thrive, pancreatitis, and sometimes asymptomatic. Read More