2,485 results match your criteria Archivos Argentinos De Pediatria[Journal]


[Guidance to reduce the risk of Sudden and Unexpected Postnatal Collapse].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):S107-S117

Sanatorio de la Trinidad Palermo, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.

Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mothers and healthy term newborns is a key part of the Unicef Baby Friendly Initiative Standards. SSC immediately after birth provides cardiorespiratory stability, improves prevalence and duration of breastfeeding, improves maternalinfant bonding and decreases maternal stress. There is a concern about cases of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse during a period of SSC with the infant prone on the mother´s chest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.S107DOI Listing

Consensus: children and pets.

Authors:

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):S69-S106

The relationship of a child with a pet, under duly controlled circumstances, is beneficial for both. Pets establish emotional attachments to children, and the relationship turns out positive in terms of affective aspects, in reinforcement of the child´s personality and promoting self-esteem, and in cognitive development, among many other advantages. Nevertheless, there are real risks in the coexistence of kids and pets: trauma, bites, several injuries and also disease transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.S69DOI Listing

Bronchiolitis in the year of COVID-19.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):222-223

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.222DOI Listing

Challenges faced by chief residents: difficulties and achievements of this role in a community teaching hospital.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):217-221

Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires.

Introduction: The chief resident plays a strategic role in terms of leadership and cohesion among residents.

Objective: To characterize the activities developed by chief residents and identify their achievements and difficulties.

Methods: A survey about demographic outcome measures, activities performed, most and least gratifying situations, and training needs was completed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.217DOI Listing

[Chest deformity as a cause of tracheobronchial compression. A pediatric case].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e342-e347

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servetm Zaragoza, España.

the vertebral bodies, causing respiratory symptoms and altered pulmonary function. Straight back syndrome is a decreased in the anteroposterior diameter of the thorax. We present a 13-year-old patient with idiopathic scoliosis who Deformidad torácica como causa de compresión traqueobronquial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e342DOI Listing

[Ileocolonic intussusception in an adolescent patient with cystic fibrosis].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e338-e341

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Medicina y Hospital Universitario "Dr. José Eleuterio González".

Intestinal intussusception occurs when a proximal segment of the intestine telescopes into the lumen of an adjacent distal segment, causing intestinal obstruction. It is a common cause of acute abdomen in the first two years of life, but rare in older children. A 16-year-old male with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis presented with symptoms compatible with distal intestinal occlusion syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e338DOI Listing

[Anti-GQ1b syndrome. A child with Miller-Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e333-e337

Sala 3ª de Internación de Clínica Pediátrica del Hospital Interzonal de Agudos Especializado en Pediatría Superiora Sor María Ludovica de La Plata.

Miller-Fisher syndrome and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis, among others, constitute the anti-GQ1b syndrome, with a common immune pathophysiologic pathway characterized by the presence of anti-GQ1b antibodies, which react against the different nervous system GQ1b sites according to their different accessibility. The Miller-Fisher syndrome has a prevalence of 0.09 cases per 100 000 people-year but there are not epidemiological studies about Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis, that it seems to be less frequent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e333DOI Listing

[Tumor of the sexual cords with ovarian annular tubules associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in adolescence: a case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e329-e332

Sección de Ginecología, Clínica Pediátrica, Hospital Nacional de Pediatría S. A. M. I. C. "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.

Tumors of the sexual and stromal cords are rare neoplasms, corresponding to 8 % of primary ovarian tumors. The tumor of the sexual cords with annular tubules of the ovary is considered a subtype and is uncommon. It can occur sporadically or associated with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome, having different behavior and characteristics in each situation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e329DOI Listing

[Therapeutic bilateral lung lavage in an adolescent with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e324-e328

Sección de Cuidados Respiratorios Pediátricos, Servicio de Kinesiología, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is an unusual diffuse lung disease characterized by abnormal accumulation of pulmonary surfactant and lipoproteins in the alveolar space, which impairs gas exchange with a variable clinical course, ranging from an asymptomatic clinical presentation to severely affected respiratory failure. A 16-year-old girl with diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis presented to our hospital for therapeutic lung lavage after a recent history of progressive dyspnea, respiratory distress, declining lung function measurements, and worsening radiographic abnormalities. We obtained baseline pulmonary function tests and laboratory measurements before and after therapeutic bilateral lung lavage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e324DOI Listing

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia in children - A 10-year analysis.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e317-e323

Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multidrug-resistant, Gramnegative, and biofilm-forming pathogen. Information is limited concerning S. maltophilia bacteremia in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e317DOI Listing

[Visceral Larva Migrans: A pediatric case of atypical presentation with cutaneous vasculitis in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e313-e316

Servicio de Parasitología, Hospital de Niños Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Toxocariosis is a parasitic disease caused by the larvae from genus Toxocara sp. There are two classic syndromes described for this entity: visceral larva migrans and ocular larva migrans, depending on larvae localization. Human being behaves as an accidental host in which Toxocara sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e313DOI Listing

[Streptococcus pyogenes meningitis: a pediatric case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e309-e312

Departamento de Salud Materno Infantil, Universidad Maimónides, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Beta hemolytic particularly of group A Streptococcus meningitis, is a rare site of the group of invasive infections caused by this microorganism. It occurs frequently in healthy children, without predisposing factors. It represents 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e309DOI Listing

[Invasive pneumococcal disease and hemolytic uremic syndrome: new serotype].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e305-e308

Hospital Interzonal General Dr. José Penna, Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Streptococcus pneumoniae associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (Sp-HUS) is defined as microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal injury, in a patient with Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) invasive infection. A 2-year-old boy was admitted with pneumonia and empyema. Sp was isolated from blood and pleural fluid cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e305DOI Listing

[Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma Syndrome: a pediatric case of primary osteoporosis].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e300-e304

Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinológicas "Dr. César Bergadá" (CEDIE), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Fundación de Endocrinología Infantil (FEI), División de Endocrinología, Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Osteoporosis should be considered in children with severe chronic diseases or in association with some genetic diseases that bear an increased risk of bone fragility. Primary osteoporosis is an entity in which emerging aetiologies are being recognized. Its association with congenital retinal folds should guide the diagnosis to the Osteoporosis-Pseudoglioma syndrome (OMIM 259770), a rare disease (prevalence of 1/2 000 000), caused by the loss of function of the protein LRP5 (low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5) resulting in the alteration of the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e300DOI Listing

[Ingestion of magnetic foreign bodies during the paediatric age. Case report, location and endoscopic extraction aided by a magnet].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e296-e299

Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, España.

The ingestion of more than one magnet can cause multiple complications. Current protocols recommend endoscopic extraction if possible. We report a patient who swallowed two magnets and the endoscopic extraction technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e296DOI Listing

[Lymphadenopathy transmitted by tick. A pediatric case of rickettsiosis in primary care].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e292-e295

Pediatría, Equipo de Atención Primaria (EAP) Calatayud Norte, Calatayud, Zaragoza, España.

The entity called tick-borne lymphadenopathy, also known as dermacentor-borne necrosis eritema lymphadenopathy, is included in the differential diagnosis of diseases transmitted by ticks, which have increased considerably in recent years due to greater clinical-epidemiological observation and diagnostic improvement. It is a zoonosis caused by Rickettsia slovaca and transmitted by the bite of the Dermacentor marginatus tick. Affected patients have a necrotic eschar surrounded by an erythematous halo in the scalp, as well as painful regional lymphadenopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e292DOI Listing

A new mutation associated with Pierson syndrome.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e288-e291

Department of Medical Genetics, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Pierson syndrome is characterized by congenital nephrotic syndrome and bilateral microcoria. Genetically, mutations in the LAMB2 gene, which encodes the laminin β2 chain, lead to this disorder. To date, 98 cases and 50 different mutations have been reported in literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e288DOI Listing

Acute myocarditis following varicella zoster infection in an immunocompetent adolescent: An uncommon complication.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e284-e287

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ziraat Mah, Ankara, Turkey.

Myocarditis is a serious complication of varicella zoster virus infection. A 15 year-old boy was admitted to the Emergency Department for chest pain, tachycardia and hypotension. An electrocardiogram showed sinus tachyicardia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e284DOI Listing

[Exogenous Cushing syndrome due to drug interaction of ritonavir and inhaled fluticasone. Report of three pediatric cases].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e278-e283

Servicio de Infectología, Centro de Referencia de Sida Pediátrico, Hospital de Niños "Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez", Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The increase in life expectancy with the advent of highly effective antiretroviral therapy poses challenges in terms of toxicity and drug interactions. Exogenous Cushing syndrome by interaction between ritonavir and inhaled fluticasone in children diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus infection and chronic pulmonary pathology is rare. So far, there are 20 cases reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e278DOI Listing

Gastrointestinal, nutritional, endocrine, and microbiota conditions in autism spectrum disorder.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e271-e277

Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín (HCJSM), Buenos Aires, R. Argentina.

Gastrointestinal, nutritional, metabolic, endocrine, and microbiota medical problems in pediatric patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are some of the coexisting medical conditions in ASD diagnosis. Their prevalence reaches more than 91 % for gastrointestinal problems, up to 89 % for nutritional and metabolic disorders, more than 50 % for thyroid dysfunction, and up to 100 % for microbiota-related conditions. There is an urgency for medical practice to be updated and to include the assessment, testing, diagnosis, and treatment of these coexisting medical conditions in ASD diagnosis in the pediatric, adolescent, and adult population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e271DOI Listing

Perinatal microbiota: review of its importance in newborn health.

Authors:
José Uberos

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e265-e270

Unidad Neonatal, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, España.

The use of metagenomics in the study of gut bacterial ecosystems has helped to define a standard, functional genetic profile in newborn infants, so that a bacterial ecosystem will be deemed more "normal" the more similar its functional genetic profile is to a standard. The development of a specific functional enterotype in the first days of life after birth is critical for the priming of the immune system with certain bacterial antigens. Regardless of whether the first gut bacteria are acquired before or just after birth, the newborn microbiota will result from the symbiosis with the environmental microbial flora, especially with the bacterial flora of the mother. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e265DOI Listing

Silver-Russell syndrome. Clinical and etiopathological aspects of a model genomic imprinting entity.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e258-e264

Departamento de Ciencias y Tecnologías Ambientales, Biológicas y Farmacéuticas, Università degli studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Caserta, Italia.

Silver-Russell syndrome is characterized by asymmetrical intrauterine growth retardation, with normal head circumference and small, pointed chin, which results in a triangular face. It can also include body asymmetry, among other characteristics. Its global incidence is estimated at 1 in 30 000-100 000 births, even though this figure may be underestimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e258DOI Listing

Public policies based on scientific evidence: child road safety.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e252-e257

Instituto de Ciencias Médicas, Las Tablas, Panamá.

Road traffic accidents are a global public health problem. In Latin America, the mortality rate among children due to road traffic accidents almost doubles the global average. We describe our experience formulating a public policy on child road safety in Panama, based on the scientific evidence produced by our research group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e252DOI Listing

Environmental magnetic field in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. A relevant verification.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e246-e251

Universidad Tecnológica de la Habana José A. Echeverría (CUJAE), Marianao, La Habana, Cuba.

Preterm infants are born with immature organs, thus affecting the immune system. Electromagnetic fields influence melatonin production with low exposure levels. These infants require medical equipment 24/7 to recover, so they are constantly exposed to magnetic fields during their stay in the Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e246DOI Listing

Survey on knowledge, prescription habits, and management of fever among pediatricians at a children's hospital.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):209-213

División Promoción y Protección de la Salud, Área de Epidemiología, Hospital de Niños Ricardo GutiérrezCiudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: There are discrepancies in relation to pediatricians' approach to fever. Our objective was to describe the knowledge, prescription habits, and drug and non-drug treatment indications for fever among physicians at a children's hospital in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Material and methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.209DOI Listing

Current status of pediatric neurocritical care in Argentina.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):204-209

Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.

Introduction: Patients with neurocritical injuries account for 10-16 % of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions and frequently require neuromonitoring.

Objective: To describe the current status of neuromonitoring in Argentina.

Methods: Survey with 37 questions about neuromonitoring without including patients' data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.204DOI Listing

Relationship between the severity of Helicobacter pylori infection and neutrophil and lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume in children.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e241-e245

Department of Pathology, Mersin City Training and Research Hospital, Mersin, Turkey.

Introduction: HP causes local inflammation in the stomach and a systemic humoral immune response. No relationship was found in adult studies investigating the association between HP infection and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV). To our knowledge, there is no study in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e241DOI Listing

Implementation of a structured patient handoff between health care providers at a private facility in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):e234-e240

Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria (IECS).

Introduction: Failures in communication are common during patient handoffs between physicians, which predisposes to errors. Few articles have been published on this topic in Argentina. For this reason, our objective was to confirm whether using a structured handoff (I-PASS), which has been successfully used in the USA by Doctor Starmer, may reduce the omission of key data without prolonging its duration at our department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e234DOI Listing

Clinical and epidemiological study of acute lower respiratory tract infections caused by adenovirus in hospitalized children. Nineteen years of active epidemiological surveillance.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):193-201

División Promoción y Protección de la Salud, Hospital de Niños "Ricardo Gutiérrez", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.

Introduction: Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) caused by adenovirus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children.

Objectives: To describe the clinical and epidemiological pattern and associated factors in hospitalized children.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in children admitted due to ALRTI to Hospital de Niños "Ricardo Gutiérrez," in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, between 2000 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.193DOI Listing

Anemia and iron deficiency in infants aged 6-12 months in the city of Necochea: Prevalence and determinants.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):187-192

Servicio de Hematología, Hospital Dr. E. Ferreyra, Ciudad de Necochea, Pcia. de Buenos Aires.

Introduction: Anemia in the first years of life leads to severe psychomotor, social, and financial effects. The objective of this study was to determine its prevalence, causes, and risk and preventive factors among infants in the city of Necochea.

Poulation And Methods: Observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.187DOI Listing

Risk factors associated with mortality in newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):180-186

Departamento de Pediatría, Servicio de Neonatología, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Morbidity and mortality are high in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Some tools help to predict survival, both prenatally (observed/expected lung-to-head ratio [OELHR], presence of the liver in the chest) and postnatally (Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group [CDHSG] score). Our objective was to identify the risk factors associated with mortality and estimate the risk-adjusted mortality in the prenatal period in the subgroup of patients with isolated left-sided hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.180DOI Listing

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: postnatal predictors of mortality.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):173-179

Área de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, Hospital de Pediatría SAMIC "Prof. Dr. Juan. P. Garrahan", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) prevalence is low while its associated morbidity and mortality rates are high. Postnatal prognostic factors on the first day of life are useful for predicting the outcome.

Objectives: To determine the mortality predictive ability of postnatal echocardiographic, clinical, and biochemical factors among newborn infants with CDH in their first day of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.173DOI Listing

Health related quality of life in children with congenital heart disease that undergo cardiac surgery during their first year of life.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):166-172

Servicio de Clínica Pediátrica, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.

Introduction: Advances in diagnostic methods, surgical techniques and postoperative intensive care have significantly increased the survival rates for children with congenital heart disease. In this context, long term sequelae acquired greater relevance. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a concept that helps to measure the impact of chronic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.166DOI Listing

Iron and folic acid: natural, enriched, fortified, and supplements. Analysis of food sources in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):160-165

Centro de Estudios sobre Nutrición Infantil Dr. Alejandro O'Donnell, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Fortification and supplementation are two strategies for micronutrient deficiency prevention. The objective of this study was to describe the source of iron and folic acid intake throughout the life cycle in the population of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

Poulation And Methods: Analysis of the information collected in the First Survey on Nutritional Food Intake of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (2011), which had a probability cluster sampling design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.160DOI Listing

Clinical and epidemiological study of acute lower respiratory tract infections caused by adenovirus in hospitalized children. Nineteen years of active epidemiological surveillance [Commentary].

Authors:
Miriam Bruno

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):158-159

División de Promoción y Protección de la Salud Hospital Carlos G. Durand. CABA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.158DOI Listing

Iron deficiency, an unfair inheritance.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):156-158

Instituto de Desarrollo e Investigaciones Pediátricas (IDIP) "Prof. Dr. Fernando Viteri" del Hospital de Niños de La Plata (Min Sal/CIC-PBA).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.156DOI Listing

Postpartum depression: Risks and early detection.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 06;118(3):154-155

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.154DOI Listing

[Ethical aspects of taking and using photographs in pediatric medical practice].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):S64-S68

Subcomisión de Ética Clínica.

From the beginning of medicine, the reproduction of patients' images, initially as drawings, either for didactic purposes or to share experiences, were common in medical practice. Photography greatly facilitated and generalized this practice within health teams. The images of the affected patients need the same consents and guarantees of confidentiality as any other parts of the medical record, so the importance of obtaining informed consent is highlighted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.S64DOI Listing

[Recommendations for tumor lysis syndrome management].

Authors:

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):S59-S63

The tumor lysis syndrome represents a potentially lethal complication caused by the massive release of nucleic acids, potassium and phosphate into the circulation as a result of the lysis of neoplastic cells, which are characterized by a rapid proliferation capacity and high sensitivity to drugs. This may occur spontaneously prior to the start of treatment, becoming worse after the initiation of chemotherapy. It presents a high mortality; its prevention continues being the most important therapeutic measure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.S59DOI Listing

[Impact of a program of health education for the asthmatic child and their families].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):145-149

Centro Pediátrico, Sociedad Médica Quirúrgica de Salto, Salto, Uruguay.

Guidelines for management establish health education as part of asthma care. A Health Education Program for Asthmatic Children and Families was started in our institution. This descriptive retrospective study was designed in order to evaluate the Program impact in children and family satisfaction; 386 children were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.145DOI Listing

[Infectious glomerulonephritis and pleuropneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pediatric clinical case].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e208-e210

Unidad de Paciente Crítico Pediátrico, Hospital Clínico Metropolitano La Florida, Santiago, Chile.

Acute glomerulonephritis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is a low prevalence pathology. There are several reports communicating different nephritogenic serotypes, however, 6C has been scarcely indicated as such. It is presented the case of a 4-year-old patient who entered Intensive Therapy Unit with pleuropneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6C and concomitantly developed edemas, arterial hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, decreased glomerular filtration rate and C3 complement level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e208DOI Listing

[Fournier gangrene in a child with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Report of one case].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e204-e207

Servicio de Urología, Hospital de Niños "Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Fournier gangrene is a necrotizing fasciitis that affects the genital, perineal and perianal regions, of sudden onset and rapidly progressive dissemination. Its diagnosis requires an urgent and interdisciplinary intervention. The association with nephrologic diseases is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e204DOI Listing

[Atypical hand-foot-mouth disease virus genotyping in a pediatric hospital in Buenos Aires city, Argentina].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e199-e203

Laboratorio de Virología, Hospital de Niños Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Typical hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is an exanthematous viral disease with a classic symptomatology of fever, papulovesicular rash on the hands and feet with or without herpangina. It is usually caused by enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16, members of the genus Enterovirus. Recently, worldwide outbreaks of HFMD with atypical manifestations caused by Coxsackievirus A6 have been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e199DOI Listing

[When to think about pediatric congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle? Presentation of 2 cases].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e194-e198

Hospital La Vega, Murcia, España.

The congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare and benign malformation, characterized by the absence of the middle third of the clavicle. It is usually unilateral and the majority on the right side. The etiology is unknown, postulating diverse etiopathogenic theories (vascular, embryological and genetic). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e194DOI Listing

[Terminal ileitis due to Yersinia enterocolitica: differential diagnosis with Crohn´s disease in a 12-year-old male].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e191-e193

Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición, Sanatorio de Niños, Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina.

Yersinia enterocolitica is a gram-negative rod causing intestinal infection in humans. It shows different clinical pictures with many different etiologies to be ruled-out, which sometimes makes it difficult to reach a timely and correct diagnosis. We report the case of an adolescent boy presenting with right lower quadrant pain from terminal ileitis with endoscopic findings akin to Crohn´s disease finally diagnosed as Yersinia enterocolitica, highlighting the usefulness of the different ancillary methods employed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e191DOI Listing

[Intestinal intussusception as a key sign of Celiac Disease. A pediatric case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e188-e190

Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Nutrición, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu Barcelona, Esplugues de Llobregat, España.

Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of intestinal obstruction between 6 and 36 months of age, the majority being idiopathic. The association between celiac disease and intestinal intussusception in the pediatric population has been described. We present the case of a 23-month-old male admitted due to a failure to thrive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2019.e188DOI Listing

[Hot-water epilepsy: case report in an infant].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e183-e187

Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Fuenlabrada, Madrid, España.

La epilepsia refleja por agua caliente es un tipo de convulsión poco frecuente cuya fisiopatología se desconoce. Estas crisis reflejas suelen iniciarse pocos segundos tras el contacto con el agua y, comúnmente, a temperaturas de 37-48 ºC. Los automatismos y las crisis parciales complejas, con o sin generalización secundaria, son el modo de manifestación principal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e183DOI Listing

[Peritoneal dialysis in a neonate with maple syrup urine disease. A case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e178-e182

Neurología Infantil, Hospital Provincial Neuquén Dr. Eduardo Castro Rendón, Neuquén, Argentina.

Maple syrup disease is an autosomal recessive entity caused by a congenital error in the metabolism of three essential branchedchain amino acids: valine, leucine and isoleucine. The neonatal form of this disease is expressed by a severe and progressive neurological compromise, associated with a peculiar smell of urine, a consequence of the elimination of the excess of these amino acids. This smell of burnt sugar mimics the molasses obtained from maples, which gives its name to this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e178DOI Listing

Propionic acidemia: an extremely rare cause of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in an infant.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e174-e177

University of Health Sciences, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Istanbul, Turkey.

Hemophagocytic lymphohystiocytosis (HLH) may be primary (inherited/familial) or secondary to infections, malignancies, rheumatologic disorders, immune deficiency syndromes and metabolic diseases. Cases including lysinuric protein intolerance, multiple sulfatase deficiency, galactosemia, Gaucher disease, Pearson syndrome, and galactosialidosis have previously been reported. It is unclear how the metabolites trigger HLH in metabolic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.eng.e174DOI Listing

[Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas in a pediatric patient: a case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2020 04;118(2):e170-e173

Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Antonio Nariño, Bogotá, Colombia.

Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas are congenital malformations due to anomalous direct communication between arteries and veins; the incidence is 2-3 : 100,000 inhabitants. This condition is usually asymptomatic and incidentally appearing in adult imaging findings. Transcutaneous endovascular embolization is the technique of choice for treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2020.e170DOI Listing