214 results match your criteria Archives of trauma research[Journal]


Commotio Cordis and Contusio Cordis: Possible Causes of Trauma-Related Cardiac Death.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 15;5(4):e41482. Epub 2016 Oct 15.

Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.41482DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253203PMC
December 2016

The Current Perspectives of Stem Cell Therapy in Orthopedic Surgery.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 16;5(4):e37976. Epub 2016 Aug 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Agri Military Hospital, Agri, Turkey.

Context: Musculoskeletal injuries may be painful, troublesome, life limiting and also one of the global health problems. There has been considerable amount of interest during the past two decades to stem cells and tissue engineering techniques in orthopedic surgery, especially to manage special and compulsive injuries within the musculoskeletal system.

Evidence Acquisition: The aim of this study was to present a literature review regarding the most recent progress in stem cell procedures and current indications in orthopedics clinical care practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.37976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253188PMC
December 2016
50 Reads

Clinical Utility of Chest Computed Tomography in Patients with Rib Fractures CT Chest and Rib Fractures.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 13;5(4):e37070. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center, Colorado, United States.

Background: Chest CT is more sensitive than a chest X-ray (CXR) in diagnosing rib fractures; however, the clinical significance of these fractures remains unclear.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the added diagnostic use of chest CT performed after CXR in patients with either known or suspected rib fractures secondary to blunt trauma.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of blunt trauma patients with rib fractures at a level I trauma center that had both a CXR and a CT chest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.37070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253201PMC
December 2016
13 Reads

Outcome Analysis of Intra-Articular Scapula Fracture Fixation with Distal Radius Plate: A Multicenter Prospective Study.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 17;5(4):e36406. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Department of Orthopedics, Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar, India.

Background: Scapula fractures occur in approximately 1% of all fractures and constitute about 3% - 5% of all injuries of the shoulder joint.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of 20 surgically treated patients with displaced glenoid fractures after stabilization with distal radius plate.

Methods: Between 2012 and 2015, at 2 centers (HMCH & SHCE) of Bhubaneswar Odisha, we stabilized 20 scapular intra-articular fractures surgically with distal radius locking plate and studied the outcome of the surgeries. Read More

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http://archtrauma.kaums.ac.ir/article_62283.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.36406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251347PMC
December 2016
6 Reads

Limb Lengthening Using the PRECICE Nail System: Complications and Results.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 23;5(4):e36273. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Department of Trauma, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Three types of telescopic nails are mainly used for intramedullary limb lengthening nowadays. Despite some important advantages of this new technology (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.36273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253187PMC
December 2016
15 Reads

Evaluation of Metallo-β-Lactamase-Production and Carriage of Genes in Isolated from Burn Wound Infections in Isfahan.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 12;5(4):e34343. Epub 2016 Jun 12.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, IR Iran.

Background: Metallo-β-lactamase-production among Gram-negative bacteria, including , has become a challenge for treatment of infections due to these resistant bacteria.

Objectives: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the metallo-β-lactamase-production and carriage of genes among carbapenem-resistant isolated from burn wound infections.

Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2014 to July 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.34343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251205PMC
December 2016
5 Reads

Early Prediction of Ongoing Hemorrhage in Severe Trauma: Presentation of the Existing Scoring Systems.

Authors:
Martin L Tonglet

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 20;5(4):e33377. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Emergency Department, Liege University Hospital, Domaine du Sart Tilman, Belgium.

Early prediction of ongoing hemorrhage may reduce mortality via the earlier delivery of blood products, adequate orientation of the patient in a dedicated highly specialized and trained infrastructure, and by earlier correction of acute traumatic coagulopathy. We identified 14 scores or algorithms developed for the prediction of ongoing hemorrhage and the need for massive transfusion in severe trauma patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251191PMC
December 2016
8 Reads

Hyperammonemia as a Marker of Subclinical Seizures After Traumatic Cardiac Arrest.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 11;5(4):e33361. Epub 2016 May 11.

Department of Surgery, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, United States.

This report details the presence of hyperammonemia in a patient who sustained cardiac arrest after a traumatic amputation. Serum ammonia levels may rise due to numerous etiologies; however, few reports detail its usefulness in diagnosing subclinical seizures. In this case, we successfully utilized persistently elevated serum ammonia levels as a marker of subclinical seizures in a patient who sustained traumatic cardiac arrest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251203PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Proximal Fifth Metatarsal Fractures: Anatomy, Classification, Treatment and Complications.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 13;5(4):e33298. Epub 2016 Jun 13.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, North District Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Context: Fractures of proximal fifth metatarsal are one of the most common fractures of the foot.

Evidence Acquisition: A search of PubMed for studies on proximal fifth metatarsal fracture and Jones fracture focusing on the classification and management was performed. The reference list of the retrieved articles was searched for additional related studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251206PMC
December 2016
4 Reads

Spatial Factors Affecting the Frequency of Pedestrian Traffic Crashes: A Systematic Review.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 17;5(4):e30796. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Community Based Participatory Research Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Context: Considering the importance of pedestrian traffic crashes and the role of environmental factors in the frequency of crashes, this paper aimed to review the published evidence and synthesize the results of related studies for the associations between environmental factors and distribution of pedestrian-vehicular traffic crashes.

Evidence Acquisition: We searched all epidemiological studies from 1966 to 2015 in electronic databases. We found 2,828 studies. Read More

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http://archtrauma.kaums.ac.ir/article_62276.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30796DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5251886PMC
December 2016
5 Reads

Mandibular Fractures and Associated Factors at a Tertiary Care Hospital.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 19;5(4):e30574. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution, etiology and type of mandibular fractures in subjects referred to our institution.

Methods: A retrospective study of 689 subjects, during the period from May 2010 to September 2013 with mandibular fractures was conducted. Information on age, gender, mechanism of injury and sites of trauma was obtained from the trauma registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253199PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Death as a Consequence of a Hip Fracture After a Fall; to Be Further Investigated?

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Dec 20;5(4):e33705. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Department of Trauma Surgery, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Although it is not often thought of, elderly abuse is a frequently occurring phenomenon. Especially when an older patient dies, maltreatment is low on the list of possible causes of death. There are, however, signs that may point in the direction of abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5240579PMC
December 2016
1 Read

Concurrent Lateral Condyle Mass Fracture With Olecranon Fracture: A Case Report and Brief Review of Literature.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 11;5(3):e24760. Epub 2016 May 11.

Postgraduate Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Introduction: There is very limited literature describing the association of lateral condyle mass (LCM) fracture of the distal humerus associated concurrently with olecranon fracture. Herein, a case is reported of a displaced LCM fracture with displaced olecranon fracture, due to complex trauma while getting out of a vehicle, which was managed by open reduction and internal fixation.

Case Presentation: A 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.24760DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5240449PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

The Serum Changes of Neuron-Specific Enolase and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in Patients With Diffuse Axonal Injury Following Progesterone Administration: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 5;5(3):e37005. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Department of Biochemistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran.

Background: Improvement of neurologic outcome in progesterone-administered patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) has been found in a recent study. Also, there has been interest in the importance of serum parameters as predictors of outcome in traumatic brain injury.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of progesterone administration on serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in clinical DAI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.37005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079208PMC
September 2016
10 Reads

Effectiveness of Chitosan Films Impregnated With Ciprofloxacin for the Prophylaxis of Osteomyelitis in Open Fractures: An Experimental Study in Rats.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 3;5(3):e36952. Epub 2016 Jul 3.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Background: The systemic antimicrobial prophylaxis is the standard treatment in the prevention of osteomyelitis after open fractures, with topical application of antimicrobials as an alternative due to their high concentrations at the site of the fracture, low systemic concentrations and fewer side effects.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of prophylaxis of osteomyelitis through experimental model of open fractures with the use of chitosan films, whether or not impregnated with ciprofloxacin.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, 24 Holtzman rats were distributed into 4 groups of 6 rats each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.36952DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079209PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

A Time Series Model for Assessing the Trend and Forecasting the Road Traffic Accident Mortality.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 3;5(3):e36570. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.

Background: Road traffic accident (RTA) is one of the main causes of trauma and known as a growing public health concern worldwide, especially in developing countries. Assessing the trend of fatalities in the past years and forecasting it enables us to make the appropriate planning for prevention and control.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the trend of RTAs and forecast it in the next years by using time series modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.36570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079210PMC
September 2016
1 Read

Emerging Carbapenem-Resistant Isolates Carrying Among Burn Patients in Isfahan, Iran.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 11;5(3):e33664. Epub 2016 Jun 11.

University of Maryland College Park, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing is a significant pathogen in burn patients.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant isolates, including those resistant to imipenemase (IMP), in a burn unit in Isfahan, Iran.

Patients And Methods: One hundred and fifty isolates from burn patients were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by the disc diffusion method in accordance with CLSI guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078761PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

Modeling of Individual and Organizational Factors Affecting Traumatic Occupational Injuries Based on the Structural Equation Modeling: A Case Study in Large Construction Industries.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 14;5(3):e33595. Epub 2016 Jun 14.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Public Health Faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran.

Background: Individual and organizational factors are the factors influencing traumatic occupational injuries.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was the short path analysis of the severity of occupational injuries based on individual and organizational factors.

Materials And Methods: The present cross-sectional analytical study was implemented on traumatic occupational injuries within a ten-year timeframe in 13 large Iranian construction industries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33595DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079064PMC
September 2016
1 Read

Traumatic Globe Subluxation and Intracranial Injury Caused by Bicycle Brake Handle.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 12;5(3):e33405. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Introduction: Penetration of a bicycle brake handle into the orbit is a rare and serious type of trauma. Globe subluxation due to such trauma has not been previously reported.

Case Presentation: A 10-year-old girl presented after falling from a bicycle, which resulted in the handbrake penetrating her right upper eyelid. Read More

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http://archtrauma.com/67650.pdf
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http://www.archtrauma.com/?page=article&article_id=33405
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078721PMC
September 2016
2 Reads

Hemiprosthesis for Femoral Neck Fractures in the Elderly: A Retrospective Study of 319 Patients.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 29;5(3):e33335. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Clinic for Trauma Surgery, Hospital Sindelfingen, Sindelfingen, Germany.

Background: In geriatric patients with Pauwels types II and III femoral neck fractures, hemiprosthesis is the therapy of choice.

Objectives: This study was conducted to analyze the results after cemented hemiprosthesis placement, the first year after surgery.

Patients And Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on 319 patients over 70 years with displaced femoral neck fractures treated surgically at our hospital from 2007 to 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079207PMC
September 2016

Nightmare Frequency, Nightmare Distress and the Efficiency of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 12;5(3):e33051. Epub 2016 May 12.

School of Criminology, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Up to 71% of trauma victims diagnosed with PTSD have frequent nightmares (NM), compared to only 2% to 5% of the general population.

Objectives: The present study examined whether nightmares before the beginning of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) could influence overall PTSD symptom reduction for 71 individuals with PTSD and different types of traumatic events.

Patients And Methods: Participants received a validated CBT of 20 weekly individual sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078833PMC
September 2016
13 Reads

Epidemiological Patterns of Road Traffic Crashes During the Last Two Decades in Iran: A Review of the Literature from 1996 to 2014.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 12;5(3):e32985. Epub 2016 Jun 12.

Managerial Epidemiology Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, IR Iran; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Context: Despite considerable attention given to health statistics of road traffic crashes (RTCs), the epidemiological aspects of injuries resulting from RTCs are not fully understood in Iran and other developing countries. The aim of this review was to study the epidemiological pattern and issues arising due to RTCs in Iran.

Evidence Acquisition: The scope of this study involves data from a broad range of published literature on RTCs in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.32985DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078874PMC
September 2016
18 Reads

Metacarpal Neck Fractures: A Review of Surgical Indications and Techniques.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 23;5(3):e32933. Epub 2016 May 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, USA.

Context: Hand injuries are a common emergency department presentation. Metacarpal fractures account for 40% of all hand fractures and can be seen in the setting of low or high energy trauma. The most common injury pattern is a metacarpal neck fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.32933DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078834PMC
September 2016

Effectiveness of Bicycle Safety Helmets in Preventing Facial Injuries in Road Accidents.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Sep 29;5(3):e30011. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Background: The effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing head injuries is well- documented. Recent studies differ regarding the effectiveness of bicycle helmets in preventing facial injuries, especially those of the mid-face and the mandible.

Objectives: The present study was conducted to determine the protective effect of a bicycle helmet in preventing mid-face and mandibular fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5079115PMC
September 2016
44 Reads

Hajj Stampede in Mina, 2015: Need for Intervention.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 27;5(2):e36308. Epub 2016 May 27.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.36308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5038153PMC
June 2016
5 Reads

Effect of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Demographic Factors on Psychological Outcome.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 11;5(2):e29729. Epub 2016 May 11.

Prevention of Psychosocial Injuries, Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, IR Iran.

Background: It is well-known that severe brain injury can make people susceptible to psychological symptoms. However, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is still open for discussion.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare psychological symptoms of MTBI patients with those without MTBI considering demographic auxiliary variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.29729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5038154PMC
June 2016
6 Reads

A Systematic Review of Iranian Experiences in Seismo-Nephrology.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 27;5(2):e28796. Epub 2016 Mar 27.

Shafa Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Research Center, Dialysis and Transplant Patients Association (DATPA), Tehran, IR Iran; Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Context: Crush syndrome and its potentially life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI), are one of the most important medical problems of disaster victims. However, today, many unanswered questions abound about the potential risk factors of crush syndrome, predictive factors of AKI, proper amount of prophylactic hydration therapy, type of fluid, time of continuing fluid, intravenous versus oral hydration, etc. Therefore, this study was designed to review the findings on Iranian nephrologist experiences in diagnosis and management of traumatic rhabdomyolysis following the last two strong earthquakes of Bam (2003) and Manjil-Rudbar (1990). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5038155PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.28796DOI Listing
June 2016
9 Reads

Temporal Patterns of Road Traffic Injuries in Iran.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 9;5(2):e27894. Epub 2016 May 9.

Department of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the main causes of death and disability in Iran. However, very few studies about the temporal variations of RTIs have been published to date.

Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the temporal pattern of RTIs in Iran in 2012. Read More

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http://archtrauma.kaums.ac.ir/article_62255.html
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.27894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5037289PMC
June 2016
4 Reads

Fear of Neighborhood Violence During Adolescence Predicts Development of Obesity a Decade Later: Gender Differences Among African Americans.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 27;5(2):e31475. Epub 2016 May 27.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: African American youth are more likely than other racial and ethnic groups to be obese. African American youth are also more likely to live in disadvantaged neighborhoods which increase their victimization, observation, and fear of violence.

Objectives: This study tested if victimization, observation, and fear of violence in the neighborhood during adolescence predict trajectory of body mass index (BMI) in the 3rd decade of life in African Americans. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035671PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.31475DOI Listing
June 2016
4 Reads
9 Citations

Road Traffic Related Injury Severity in Truck Drivers: A Prospective Medical and Technical Analysis of 582 Truck Crashes.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 27;5(2):e31380. Epub 2016 May 27.

Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Background: While cyclists and pedestrians are known to be at significant risk for severe injuries when exposed to road traffic accidents (RTA) involving trucks, little is known about RTA injury risk for truck drivers.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the injury severity in truck drivers following RTAs.

Patients And Methods: Our local accident research unit prospectively documented 43000 RTAs involving 582 trucks between 2000 and 2011. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035669PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.31380DOI Listing
June 2016
18 Reads

Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carrier for Traumatic Hemorrhagic Shock Treatment in a Jehovah's Witness.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 2;5(2):e30610. Epub 2016 Feb 2.

Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery (Trauma, Burns, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Introduction: Treatment of severe hemorrhagic shock due to acute blood loss from traumatic injuries in a Jehovah's witness (JW) trauma patient is very challenging since hemostatic blood product resuscitation is limited by refusal of the transfusion of allogeneic blood products.

Case Presentation: We describe a multifaceted approach to the clinical care of a severely anemic JW trauma patient including the early administration of a bovine hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) as a bridge to resolution of critical anemia (nadir hemoglobin 3.9 g/dL). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035516PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30610DOI Listing

Trends in Road Traffic Deaths in Yazd, Iran, 2004 - 2010.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 27;5(2):e29266. Epub 2016 May 27.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Road traffic deaths are a considerable public health problem and a major source of lost financial and human resources. Most mortality occurs in low- and middle-income countries.

Objectives: This study aimed to measure road traffic fatality rates and years of lost life, and also to depict a view of trends in road traffic deaths from 2004 to 2010 in Yazd city, a province in central Iran. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035672PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.29266DOI Listing
June 2016
1 Read
2 Citations

A Conservative Approach to the Management of a Dental Trauma for Immediate Natural Esthetics.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 16;5(2):e29042. Epub 2016 Jan 16.

Cosmetic dentistry, Dr Mahesh Chandra Patni memorial dental clinic, Indore, Madhya-Pradesh, India.

Introduction: The fracture of front teeth is one of the routine presentations of traumatic injuries. The treatment of a fractured tooth involving the pulp includes root canal therapy and post placement followed by core build-up or by the extraction of the fractured tooth if it is not restorable.

Case Presentation: We report a case of an adult male who had traumatized both his maxillary central incisors following a blow experienced during domestic violence. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035439PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.29042DOI Listing
June 2016
7 Reads

Bilateral Facial Paralysis Caused by Temporal Bone Fracture: A Case Report.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 6;5(2):e26892. Epub 2016 Feb 6.

Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran.

Introduction: Although bilateral facial nerve palsy is a rare condition, its etiology is more detectable than the unilateral type. A temporal bone fracture is one cause of bilateral facial nerve palsy, contributing in 3% of the cases.

Case Presentation: Here, we report the case of a 35-year-old man complaining of bilateral incomplete eye closure, two weeks after a closed head injury caused by a motor vehicle accident. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035513PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.26892DOI Listing
June 2016
2 Reads

Surgical Treatment of Unstable Distal Radius Fractures With a Volar Variable-Angle Locking Plate: Clinical and Radiological Outcomes.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 9;5(2):e25174. Epub 2016 May 9.

Department of Orthopaedics, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, (AIIMS), New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Background: Unstable distal end radius fractures are difficult to manage and so various treatment modalities have been described. The use of variable-angle locking plates is promoted for the management of these fractures.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes in unstable distal end radius fractures treated with variable-angle locking plates. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035514PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.25174DOI Listing
June 2016
75 Reads

Cost Estimation of Road Traffic Injuries Among Iranian Motorcyclists Using the Willingness to Pay Method.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Jun 15;5(2):e23198. Epub 2016 May 15.

Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Department, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Motorcycle riders are amongst some of the most vulnerable road users. The burden of motorcycles injuries from low and middle income countries is under-reported.

Objectives: In this study, the cost of traffic injuries among motorcyclists was calculated using the willingness to pay (WTP) method in Iran in 2013. Read More

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http://archtrauma.kaums.ac.ir/article_62252.html
Publisher Site
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035670PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.23198DOI Listing
June 2016
6 Reads

A Systematic Literature Review: Workplace Violence Against Emergency Medical Services Personnel.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e28734. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Department of Health Services Management, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Context: In spite of the high prevalence and consequences of much workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel, this phenomenon has been given insufficient attention. A systematic review can aid the development of guidelines to reduce violence.

Objectives: The research question addressed by this paper is, "What are the characteristics and findings of studies on workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel"?

Data Sources: A systematic literature review was conducted using online databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Magiran) with the help of experienced librarians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.28734DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4860284PMC
March 2016
2 Reads

Cross-Cultural Adaptations of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment in Iran.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 3;5(1):e33464. Epub 2016 Jan 3.

Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran; Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: According to general ethical and legal principles, valid consent must be obtained before starting any procedure.

Objectives: Due to the lack of a standard tool for assessing patients' capacity to consent to medical treatment in Iran, the present study was carried out aiming to devise a Persian version of a cross-cultural adaptation of the MacArthur competence assessment tool.

Patients And Methods: By reviewing different methods of cultural translation and adaptation for assessment tools, and due to the lack of consensus on its processes, we selected Wild's model as one of the most comprehensive methods in this regard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.33464DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853637PMC
March 2016
2 Reads

Risk Factors for Deep Venous Thrombosis Following Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery: An Analysis of 56,000 patients.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e32915. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States.

Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are recognized as major causes of morbidity and mortality in orthopaedic trauma patients. Despite the high incidence of these complications following orthopaedic trauma, there is a paucity of literature investigating the clinical risk factors for DVT in this specific population. As our healthcare system increasingly emphasizes quality measures, it is critical for orthopaedic surgeons to understand the clinical factors that increase the risk of DVT following orthopaedic trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.32915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853595PMC
March 2016
13 Reads

Avulsion Fractures at the Base of the 2(nd) Metacarpal Due to the Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Tendon: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e32872. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Trauma and Orthopaedic Department, Queen's Hospital, Romford, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Simultaneous contraction of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) with forced hyperflexion of the wrist can result in avulsion of the tendon and its bony attachment at its insertion at the dorsum of the base of the second metacarpal. This is a rare and often unreported fracture pattern.

Case Presentation: We present a 31- year- old male who sustained a hyperflexion injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.32872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4852314PMC
March 2016
1 Read

Treatment of a Complex Distal Triceps Tendon Rupture With a New Technique: A Case Report.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 16;5(1):e32221. Epub 2016 Jan 16.

Orthopedic Trauma Section, Orthopedic Surgery Department, October 12 Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: The distal triceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury. The acute treatment is well-defined, but when a delayed diagnosis is made or when a tendon retraction is present the alternatives or reconstruction are limited and sometimes complex.

Case Presentation: In this case, we report on a 28-year-old man who presented with a chronic disruption of the distal triceps tendon with a gap of approximately 15 cm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.32221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853493PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Clinical Presentation and Time-Based Mortality in Patients With Chest Injuries Associated With Road Traffic Accidents.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e31888. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Trauma Surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Blunt chest trauma (BCT) poses significant morbidity and mortality worldwide.

Objectives: We investigated the clinical presentation and outcome of BCT related to road traffic accidents (RTA).

Patients And Methods: A retrospective observational analysis for patients who sustained BCT secondary to RTA in terms of motor vehicle crash (MVC) and pedestrian-motor vehicle accidents (PMVA) who were admitted to the trauma center at Hamad general hospital, Doha, Qatar, between 2008 and 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.31888DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853503PMC
March 2016
12 Reads

The Mid-Term Changes of Pulmonary Function Tests After Phrenic Nerve Transfer.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 3;5(1):e30672. Epub 2016 Jan 3.

Department of Reconstructive Surgery, Shahid Behesti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: In the restoration of elbow flexion, the phrenic nerve has proven to be a good donor, but considering the role of the phrenic nerve in respiratory function, we cannot disregard the potential dangers of this method.

Objectives: In the current study, we reviewed the results of pulmonary function tests (PFT) in four patients who underwent phrenic nerve transfer.

Patients And Methods: We reviewed the results of serial spirometry tests, which were performed before and after phrenic nerve transfer surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853591PMC
March 2016
1 Read

Nasolabial Flap in Maxillofacial Gunshot Trauma: A Case Series.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e29555. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran.

Introduction: The nasolabial flap (NLF) has many advantages in oromaxillary reconstruction, but the majority of cases are reconstructions after pathologic resections. Its usage in trauma surgery, especially in the management of gunshot wounds, is rarely mentioned.

Case Presentation: Three cases involving gunshot injuries to the face are presented: one for reconstruction of the nasal ala, another for bone graft coverage in mandibular reconstruction, and the third for the repair of premaxillary hard and soft tissue avulsive defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.29555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853494PMC
March 2016
2 Reads

Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e24596. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, India.

Background: Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children's daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Read More

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http://www.archtrauma.com/?page=article&article_id=24596
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.24596DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853495PMC
March 2016
7 Reads

Impalement Thoracoabdominal Trauma Secondary to Falling on Metallic (Iron) Bars: An Extremely Rare and Unique Case.

Arch Trauma Res 2016 Mar 23;5(1):e18330. Epub 2016 Jan 23.

Department of Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Isfahan, IR Iran.

Introduction: Penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries are potentially life threatening due to the associated hemorrhagic shock and visceral injury. Through and through penetrating injury with polytrauma is rarely encountered.

Case Presentation: Here we report on a 25-year-old male with penetrating thoracoabdominal injury caused by a metallic (iron) bar projecting from a pillar of a construction site after he fell down from a height. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.18330DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853592PMC
March 2016
5 Reads

Intravenous Paracetamol Versus Patient-Controlled Analgesia With Morphine for the Pain Management Following Diagnostic Knee Arthroscopy in Trauma Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Arch Trauma Res 2015 Dec 21;4(4):e30788. Epub 2015 Nov 21.

Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Most patients undergoing outpatient surgeries have the unpleasant experience of high level pain after surgery. Compared with open surgeries, arthroscopic procedures are less painful; however, inadequate pain management could be associated with significant concerns. Opioids alone or in combination with local anesthetics are frequently used for diminishing postoperative pain using intravenous or epidural infusion pumps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30788DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4733531PMC
December 2015
32 Reads

Evaluation of the Safe Ischemic Time of Clamping During Intermittent Pringles Maneuver in Rabbits.

Arch Trauma Res 2015 Dec 23;4(4):e30244. Epub 2015 Nov 23.

Department of General Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran.

Background: The liver is the most commonly injured organ in blunt abdominal trauma. Although major hepatic bleeding may be partially controlled with portal triade clamping (the Pringle's maneuver), continuous prolonged clamping results in liver ischemia.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the safe time of Pringle maneuver based on pathologic changes of liver in rabbit models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30244DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4733517PMC
December 2015
5 Reads

New Prognostic Biomarkers in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury.

Authors:
Leonardo Lorente

Arch Trauma Res 2015 Dec 5;4(4):e30165. Epub 2015 Dec 5.

Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.

Context: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death, disability, and resource consumption per year. There are two kinds of brain injury in TBI, primary and secondary injuries. Primary injury refers to the initial physical forces applied to the brain at the moment of impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.30165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4733516PMC
December 2015
19 Reads

Operative Treatment of an Atypical Segmental Bipolar Fracture of the Clavicle.

Arch Trauma Res 2015 Dec 1;4(4):e29923. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Centre Hospitalier du Centre du Valais, Sion, Switzerland.

Introduction: Clavicle fractures are very common, accounting for approximately 4% of all adult fractures. Segmental bipolar fractures involving the lateral and the medial ends of the clavicle are extremely rare, with only isolated cases reported in the literature. The injury mechanism is often unclear and the management of these fractures remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/atr.29923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4733512PMC
December 2015
3 Reads