10,860 results match your criteria Archives of surgery Chicago Ill. : 1960[Journal]


Francis Forster, the last Horseman: A career in academic neurology.

Authors:
Douglas J Lanska

J Hist Neurosci 2018 Jul-Sep;27(3):258-271

a History and Archives Committee , American Academy of Neurology , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.

American neurologist and epileptologist Francis M. Forster (1912-2006) was the last survivor of the "Four Horsemen," a nickname given to the four neurologists-Forster, Abe Baker, Russell DeJong, and Adolph Sahs-who were most instrumental in founding the American Academy of Neurology under Baker's leadership in 1948. Forster was a consulting physician for many high-profile patients, including President Dwight Eisenhower, President Quirino and Archbishop Reyes of the Philippines, Provisional President Lonardi of Argentina, and Cardinal Albert Meyer of Chicago. Read More

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Editorial to special issue: The founding and early years of the American Academy of Neurology.

J Hist Neurosci 2018 Jul-Sep;27(3):207-208

b Co-Editor-in-Chief, Journal of the History of the Neurosciences Guest Editors.

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The Four Horsemen (and their Nags): Recollections of the founding and early years of the American Academy of Neurology.

Authors:
Douglas J Lanska

J Hist Neurosci 2018 Jul-Sep;27(3):214-234

a History and Archives Committee , American Academy of Neurology , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.

"The Four Horsemen" was the nickname given to the four neurologists-Abraham Baker, Francis Forster, Russell DeJong, and Adolph Sahs-who were most instrumental in founding and developing the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) beginning around 1948. Forster later humorously added "and their nags" to the epithet to reflect the cohesion of the founders and their wives. This article presents the personal recollections of these founders from correspondence and oral histories. Read More

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The founding and early years of the American Academy of Neurology; Dedicated to Robert B. Daroff: Mentor, colleague, and friend.

Authors:
Douglas J Lanska

J Hist Neurosci 2018 Jul-Sep;27(3):209-213

a History and Archives Committee , American Academy of Neurology , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.

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Abe Baker: Visionary and organizational leader of the American Academy of Neurology.

Authors:
Douglas J Lanska

J Hist Neurosci 2018 Jul-Sep;27(3):235-244

a History and Archives Committee , American Academy of Neurology , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.

American neurologist and neuropathologist Abraham Bert (Abe) Baker (1908-1988) was instrumental in founding the American Academy of Neurology and served as a catalyst for the emergence of neurology as a strong, independent medical discipline in the United States in the second half of the twentieth century. Baker served as the first president of the Academy from 1948 to 1951. He was also instrumental in garnering support for the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness, which was founded in 1950 and later evolved into the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Read More

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Reliability Assessment of Orthodontic Apps for Cephalometrics.

Turk J Orthod 2016 Dec 1;29(4):98-102. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

Department of Orthodontics, Bezmialem University School of Dentistry, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of cephalometric measurements using iPad apps called CephNinja and SmartCeph Pro. The measurements were compared with the measurements obtained using Dolphin Imaging computer software.

Methods: Twenty digital cephalometric radiographs were randomly selected from the archives and traced using the CephNinja app, SmartCeph Pro app, and Dolphin Imaging software. Read More

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December 2016

Factors that drive the increasing use of FFPE tissue in basic and translational cancer research.

Biotech Histochem 2018 Aug 16:1-14. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

d BC Cancer Agency , Vancouver Island Center , Victoria , BC , Canada.

The decision to use 10% neutral buffered formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) archival pathology material may be dictated by the cancer research question or analytical technique, or may be governed by national ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI), biobank, and sample availability and access policy. Biobanked samples of common tumors are likely to be available, but not all samples will be annotated with treatment and outcomes data and this may limit their application. Tumors that are rare or very small exist mostly in FFPE pathology archives. Read More

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[Clinicopathologic features of glomus tumor of the kidney].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;47(8):580-584

Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic and differential diagnostic features of glomus tumor of the kidney. Four cases of glomus tumor of the kidney were collected from the archives of Peking University Third Hospital, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Ningbo Yinzhou Second Hospital and Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital between January 2012 to June 2017; the clinical and radiologic features, histomorphology, immunohistochemistry, ultrastucture and prognosis were analyzed and the relevant literature was reviewed. Patients consisted of 2 men and 2 women with ages ranging from 37 years to 66 years (mean 55 years). Read More

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On the occasion of the retirement of Marc Regenmortel as Editor-in-Chief of Archives of Virology.

Authors:
Karin Moelling

Arch Virol 2018 Aug 13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

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Fire-induced structural changes and long-term stability of burned historical rag papers.

Sci Rep 2018 Aug 13;8(1):12036. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Department of Chemistry, Division of Chemistry of Renewable Resources, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, and Konrad Lorenz Straße 24, A-3430, Tulln, Austria.

When a fire strikes libraries or archives, physical deterioration of the paper is so severe that its chemical properties are often regarded as less important. However, knowledge of the chemical changes of the papers upon nearly burning is necessary to design a subsequent conservation treatment. In the present study, we have examined a rag paper object, which partially survived a fire, and analysed its chemical properties by various methods. Read More

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Multiple, synchronous lesions of differing histology within the same testis: ultrasonographic and pathologic correlations.

Urology 2018 Aug 10. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Emergency Radiology, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe ultrasound (US) and pathologic findings in 11 patients with multiple, synchronous lesions of different histology within the same testis.

Materials And Methods: We reviewed US and pathologic findings in 11 patients with multiple, synchronous lesions of different histology within the same testis. Lesions were classified as separate or adjacent one to another and attempt was made to predict tumor type on their US textures. Read More

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Neuroscience without borders:Preserving the history of neuroscience.

Eur J Neurosci 2018 Aug 12. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

Over the last 50 years neuroscience has enjoyed a spectacular development, with many discoveries greatly expanding our knowledge of brain function. Despite this progress, there has been a disregard for preserving the history of these discoveries. In many European countries, historic objects, instruments, and archives are neglected, while libraries and museums specifically focusing on neuroscience have been closed or drastically cut back. Read More

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Cisplatin-induced Ototoxicity in Children With Solid Tumor.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Aug 8. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Cisplatin is the principal chemotherapeutic agent and also tremendously increases the survival for pediatric patients with neuroblastoma or hepatoblastoma. With the extended overall survival period, clinical medical workers and parents gradually attach more attention to the late effect of chemotherapy of these children. The purpose of this study is to analyze the incidence and risk factors of cisplatin-based hearing loss. Read More

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August 2018
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Identification of Mucorales in patients with proven invasive mucormycosis by polymerase chain reaction in tissue samples.

Mycoses 2018 Aug 9. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Accurate diagnosis of mucormycosis, a life-threatening fungal infection, remains a challenge for physicians.

Objectives: To identify the causative Mucorales in fresh clinical samples and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of patients with proven mucormycosis by molecular method.

Patients/methods: Fresh clinical samples of patients with proven mucormycosis according to the EORTC/MSG criteria admitted between 2015 and 2017 and histopathologically proven FFPE archives collected during 2004-2007 and 2015-2017 from Mazandaran University-affiliated hospitals of northern Iran were included. Read More

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August 2018
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Views from an asylum: a retrospective case note analysis of a nineteenth century asylum.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2018 Aug 6. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Geriatric Clinic and Services, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and NeuroSciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, Bengaluru, 560029, India.

Purpose: To investigate whether lifelong admission to psychiatric asylum care was usual practice before community psychiatric care was introduced.

Methods: Historical archives (1838-1938) for 50 patients at the Northampton General Lunatic Asylum in England were studied. Regression analyses were performed to investigate associations between predictor variables (age, gender, marital status, social class) and outcomes (diagnoses, length of stay and admission outcomes). Read More

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When did first reach Southeast Asia and Sahul?

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Aug 6. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Anatomically modern humans (, AMH) began spreading across Eurasia from Africa and adjacent Southwest Asia about 50,000-55,000 years ago ( 50-55 ka). Some have argued that human genetic, fossil, and archaeological data indicate one or more prior dispersals, possibly as early as 120 ka. A recently reported age estimate of 65 ka for Madjedbebe, an archaeological site in northern Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea), if correct, offers what might be the strongest support yet presented for a pre-55-ka African AMH exodus. Read More

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August 2018
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Intragraft vasculitis and gene expression analysis: Association with acute rejection and prediction of mortality in long-term heart transplantation.

Clin Transplant 2018 Aug 6:e13373. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Laboratory of Molecular Investigation in Cardiology, Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Vasculitis entails heterogeneous origins; it starts with an inflammatory process that leads to small vessels' necrosis, hemorrhage, ischemic lesion, and may further result in occlusion of the vascular lumen. Vasculitis' contribution to allograft rejection is still unclear. This study aims to investigate the incidence of vasculitis in the early stages of heart transplantation as well as to assess the intragraft genes' expression associated with vascular function and subsequently verify the way in which it affects the outcome of the allograft. Read More

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Changes in the use of the Mental Health Act 1983 in England 1984/85 to 2015/16.

Br J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Academic Psychiatry, Campus for Ageing & Vitality,Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University,UK.

Background: Concerns have been raised about the increase in the use of involuntary detentions under the Mental Health Act in England over a number of years, and whether this merits consideration of legislative change.AimsTo investigate changes in the rate of detentions under Part II (civil) and Part III (forensic) sections of the Mental Health Act in England between 1984 and 2016.

Method: Retrospective analysis of data on involuntary detentions from the National Archives and NHS Digital. Read More

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[The Institute of Professional Orientation of Barcelona (1917-1936): an anthropometric study].

Nutr Hosp 2018 Jun 4;35(Spec No5):99-107. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

.

Objective: the anthropometric data of the Instituto de Orientación Profesional (Institute of Vocational Guidance) (IOP) is introduced and analysed. The IOP during its activity years (1917- 1935) advised youngsters of the city (mainly 13-19 y.) in their job seeking process. Read More

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June 2018
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Multiple sclerosis as an adverse drug reaction: clues from the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System.

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2018 Aug 11:1-6. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences , Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.

Background: Possible relationship between drug exposure and multiple sclerosis (MS) development is insufficiently investigated, and further challenged by the incomplete understanding of MS etiopathogenesis. The study aims to investigate whether drug exposure could contribute to MS, by analyzing worldwide spontaneous reporting archives of adverse drug reaction (ADRs).

Research Design And Methods: We retrieved information from the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) over a 13-year period. Read More

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Correction to: Smacoviridae: a new family of animal-associated single-stranded DNA viruses.

Arch Virol 2018 Jul 27. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Unité Biologie Moléculaire du Gène chez les Extrêmophiles, Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015, Paris, France.

Unfortunately Fig. 6 in Archives of Virology (2018) 163:2005-2015 https://doi.org/10. Read More

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The Terabase Search Engine: a large-scale relational database of short-read sequences.

Bioinformatics 2018 Jul 23. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University.

Motivation: DNA sequencing archives have grown to enormous scales in recent years, and thousands of human genomes have already been sequenced. The size of these data sets has made searching the raw read data infeasible without high-performance data-query technology. Additionally, it is challenging to search a repository of short-read data using relational logic and to apply that logic across samples from multiple whole-genome sequencing samples. Read More

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Dust and Fume as Foes of Industry.

Authors:

Am J Nurs 2018 Aug;118(8):57-59

Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. Read More

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An Efficient Middle Layer Platform for Medical Imaging Archives.

J Healthc Eng 2018 21;2018:3984061. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Computer Engineering, Kırıkkale University, 71450 Kırıkkale, Turkey.

Digital medical image usage is common in health services and clinics. These data have a vital importance for diagnosis and treatment; therefore, preservation, protection, and archiving of these data are a challenge. Rapidly growing file sizes differentiated data formats and increasing number of files constitute big data, which traditional systems do not have the capability to process and store these data. Read More

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Negotiating Verification: International Diplomacy and the Evolution of Nuclear Safeguards, 1945-1972.

Dipl Statecraft 2018 17;29(1):29-50. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Nuclear safeguards have been an essential part of the global order since the beginnings of the nuclear age. The International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA], an international bureaucracy that is supposed to be a non-political, technical institution administers this global nuclear safeguards regime. Even though safeguards have always been controversial, they have turned out to be the most enduring item in the international community's toolbox to prevent or slow down the spread of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear states. Read More

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January 2018

[ZHANG Zhongyuan (), President of Imperial Academy of Medicine in the Qing Dynasty].

Authors:
J Li Y H Niu

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2018 Mar;48(2):91-97

Institute of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, China.

The Imperial Academy of Medicine (IAM) was the central medical administrative authority, responsible for the promulgation and implementation of national medical policies. It also was the medical educational institution that trained physicians. The imperial government isolated the physicians at the IAM from the outside world. Read More

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Environmental and biological factors influencing trace elemental and microstructural properties of Arctica islandica shells.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Jul 19;645:913-923. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

NIOZ, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research and Utrecht University, Department of Estuarine and Delta Systems, PO Box 140, 4400 AC Yerseke, the Netherlands.

Long-term and high-resolution environmental proxy data are crucial to contextualize current climate change. The extremely long-lived bivalve, Arctica islandica, is one of the most widely used paleoclimate archives of the northern Atlantic because of its fine temporal resolution. However, the interpretation of environmental histories from microstructures and elemental impurities of A. Read More

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Endobronchial Smooth Muscle Tumors: A Series of Five Cases Highlighting Pitfalls in Diagnosis.

J Pathol Transl Med 2018 Jul 11;52(4):219-225. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Primary endobronchial smooth muscle tumors (SMTs), which are extremely rare, include endobronchial leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas. Clinically, SMTs present with signs and symptoms of bronchial obstruction, and lack specific radiological findings. Thus, histopathological examination is required for accurate diagnosis as well as for tumor grading. Read More

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July 2018
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No evidence that facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is associated with women's sexual desire.

PLoS One 2018 18;13(7):e0200308. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Institute of Neuroscience & Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) has been linked to many different behavioral tendencies. However, not all of these correlations have replicated well across samples. Arnocky et al. Read More

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Quantifying life: Understanding the history of Quality-Adjusted Life-Years (QALYs).

Soc Sci Med 2018 Aug 3;211:359-366. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Public Health and Policy, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, UK.

Quality-Adjusted Life-Years (QALYs) are central to healthcare decision-making in Britain and abroad, yet their history is poorly understood. In this paper, we argue that a more in-depth and political history of the QALY is needed to allow a critical evaluation of its current dominance. Exploiting rich data from archives and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted between 2015 and 2018, we employ Multiple Streams Analysis to construct a complex and dynamic picture of how the idea of QALYs emerged and was adopted within UK health policy. Read More

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August 2018
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Dynamic Alignment-Free and Reference-Free Read Compression.

J Comput Biol 2018 Jul;25(7):825-836

3 School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University , Burnaby, Canada .

The advent of high throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies raises a major concern about storage and transmission of data produced by these technologies. In particular, large-scale sequencing projects generate an unprecedented volume of genomic sequences ranging from tens to several thousands of genomes per species. These collections contain highly similar and redundant sequences, also known as pangenomes. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Essential components of methods papers.

ALTEX 2018 ;35(3):429-432

Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo), Technical University of Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.

Methods papers are important for the progress of biomedical research, as they provide the essential tools to explore new questions and help to better answer old ones. However, it is often not clear how a methods paper differs from a methods protocol. Confusion between these two very different types of publication is widespread. Read More

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January 2018
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Could the Combined Administration of Bone Antiresorptive Drug, Taxanes, and Corticosteroids Worsen Medication Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws in Cancer Patients?

Biomed Res Int 2018 29;2018:4021952. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

The study presents a report of 58 metastatic cancer patients who developed osteonecrosis of the jaws after being treated with zoledronic acid and taxanes, plus corticosteroids. A retrospective analysis of data registered in the archives of two Italian osteonecrosis of the jaws treatment centers, who are based at the University of Messina and at the University of Palermo, was performed in order to study, in these patients, demographic data and characteristics such as frequency of cancer location, lines of therapy, frequency of cancer drugs, presence/absence of oral trigger, number, location, and stage of jaw osteonecrosis. It was found that the majority of patients developed advanced stages of osteonecrosis, frequently complicated with infection. Read More

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May 2018
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The Epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Syphilis in Ghana: A Five-Year Single Urban Site Parallel Population-Based Analysis vis-à-vis the Sentinel Survey.

J Trop Med 2018 30;2018:6574731. Epub 2018 May 30.

Laboratory Department, Krachi-West District Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Krachi, Volta Region, Ghana.

The study was aimed at comparing the estimation of the burden and trends (2012-2016) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Syphilis infections by the national Sentinel Survey vis-à-vis the use of population-based studies at a single urban site (Municipal Hospital) in Ho, the Volta Region of Ghana. Using blood donors as a proxy of the asymptomatic adult population, a retrospective analysis of secondary data on HIV and Syphilis testing was conducted using Ho Municipal Hospital's archives comprising 4,180 prospective blood donors. Published reports from the National Sentinel Survey for the Ho Sentinel Site comprising 2,452 pregnant women from 2012 to 2016 were used. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Time trends, disease patterns and gender imbalance in the top 100 most cited articles in ophthalmology.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul 12. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore

We analysed the 100 top cited articles in ophthalmology to identify and characterise the most influential articles of the past four decades. Two independent investigators searched the database to determine the 100 most frequently cited articles in ophthalmology (T100-Eye) and general non-ophthalmology journals (T100-Gen) published from 1975 to December 2017. The T100-Eye list consisted of 83 original articles and 17 reviews, and the number of citations ranged from 582 to 2833. Read More

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July 2018
4 Reads
2.98 Impact Factor

A Fungus Spores Dataset and a Convolutional Neural Network Based Approach for Fungus Detection.

IEEE Trans Nanobioscience 2018 Jul 22;17(3):281-290. Epub 2018 May 22.

Fungus is enormously notorious for food, human health, and archives. Fungus sign and symptoms in medical science are non-specific and asymmetrical for extremely large areas resulting into a challenging task of fungal detection. Various traditional and computer vision techniques were applied to meet the challenge of early fungus detection. Read More

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July 2018
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Visualization of Cultural Heritage Collection Data: State of the Art and Future Challenges.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

After decades of digitization, large cultural heritage collections have emerged on the web, which contain massive stocks of content from galleries, libraries, archives, and museums. This increase in digital cultural heritage data promises new modes of analysis and increased levels of access for academic scholars and casual users alike. Going beyond the standard representations of search-centric and grid-based interfaces, a multitude of approaches has recently started to enable visual access to cultural collections, and to explore them as complex and comprehensive information spaces by the means of interactive visualizations. Read More

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A Bi-objective RNN Model to Reconstruct Gene Regulatory Network: A Modified Multi-objective Simulated Annealing Approach.

IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform 2017 Nov 9. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Gene Regulatory Network (GRN) is a virtual network in a cellular context of an organism, comprising a set of genes and their internal relationships to regulate protein production rate (gene expression level) of each other through coded proteins. Computational Reconstruction of GRN from gene expression data is a widely-applied research area. Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) is a useful modeling scheme for GRN reconstruction. Read More

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November 2017

The use of the global activity limitation Indicator and healthy life years by member states and the European Commission.

Arch Public Health 2018 28;76:30. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

5French Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Paris, France.

Background: In 2005, the European Union (EU) started to use a disability-free life expectancy, known as Healthy Life Years (HLY), to monitor progress in the strategic European policies such as the 2000 Lisbon strategy. HLY are based on the underlying measure: the Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI). Twelve years after its implementation, this study aims to assess its current use in EU Member States and the European Commission. Read More

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Upregulation of Twist2 in Non-Muscle Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder Correlate with Response to Treatment and Progression.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jun 5;6(6):1017-1022. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Biochemistry Department, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Twist2 is a transcription factor and an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that plays an important role in cell polarity, cell adhesion, and has a role in tumour invasion and metastases.

Aim: In this study, we examined the expression of Twist2 in non-muscle invasive bladder carcinoma (NMIBC) and correlated the expression with response to treatment and tumour progression.

Methods: Data of 305 patients with NMIBC of Ta, T1 were retrieved from hospitals archives. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6)-associated Lymphadenitis: Pitfalls in Diagnosis in Benign and Malignant Settings.

Am J Surg Pathol 2018 Jul 3. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Laboratory of Pathology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) is a member of the β-herpesvirinae subfamily. Most people acquire HHV-6 primary infection early in life and reactivation may occur, most often in immunocompromised individuals, leading to various clinical manifestations. HHV-6 infected cells may be identified in lymph nodes in both reactive and neoplastic conditions. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

The pathological evaluation of nonneoplastic kidney disorder in tumor nephrectomy specimens.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2018 May-Jun;29(3):586-590

Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) comprises 2%-3% of all visceral and 80%-85% of all adult kidney malignancies. Nephrectomy is the treatment of choice for renal tumors. The accurate pathological evaluation of nonneoplastic renal parenchyma in nephrectomy specimens is important for subsequent management. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

[University - Asylum - Military Hospital: Heidelberg Psychiatrist Hans W. Gruhle (1880 - 1958) in Wuerttemberg, 1935 - 1945].

Psychiatr Prax 2018 Jul 3;45(5):236-241. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Forschungsbereich Geschichte der Medizin, ZfP Südwürttemberg/Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie I der Universität Ulm, Ravensburg-Weissenau.

Heidelberg psychiatrist Hans Walther Gruhle (1880 - 1958) faced a harsh interruption of his academic career, when National Socialist authorities put into doubt his reliability in respect to their political goals in 1934. Holding a senior position at Heidelberg's psychiatric university clinic, Gruhle had been transmitted to the state-run mental asylums of Zwiefalten and Weissenau, both geographically located in Southern Wuerttemberg. In function and spatial perspective, Gruhle thus came close to forced sterilization and so-called central euthanasia, initiated by the National Socialist health administration in late 1939. Read More

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On the extraordinary winter flood episode over the North Atlantic Basin in 1936.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2018 Jul 2. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research and Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

In this study, we analyze the linkage between atmosphere and ocean modes and winter flood variability over the 20th century based on long-term flow-discharge series, historical archives, and tree-ring records of past floods in the North Atlantic Basin (NAB). The most extreme winter floods occurred in 1936 and had strong impacts on either side of the Atlantic. We hypothesize that the joint effects of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Arctic Oscillation (AO), which is closely related to the North Atlantic Oscillation, play a significant role when describing flood variability in North America and Europe since 1900. Read More

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July 2018
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What the radiologist needs to know: the role of preoperative computed tomography in selection of operative approach for adrenalectomy and review of operative techniques.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Jul 2. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Adrenalectomy is the standard of care for management of many adrenal tumor types and, in the United States alone, approximately 6000 adrenal surgeries are performed annually. Two general approaches to adrenalectomy have been described; (1) the open approach, in which a diseased adrenal is removed through a large (10-20 cm) abdominal wall incision, and (2) the minimally invasive approach, in which laparoscopy is used to excise the gland through incisions generally no longer than 1-2 cm. Given these disparate technique options, clear preoperative characterization of those specific disease features that inform selection of adrenalectomy approach is critically important to the surgeon. Read More

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The Common Clinical Presentation of Patients Selected for Septoplasty in Northern Saudi Arabia.

Int J Otolaryngol 2018 3;2018:8536387. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

University of Hail, College of Medicine, Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Nasal septal deviation (NSD) plays a critical role in nasal obstruction symptoms, aesthetic look of the nose, increased nasal resistance, and occasionally snoring. Septoplasty is the most common method for correction of deviated nasal septum (DNS). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the association between initial clinical presentations of patients selected for septoplasty and demographical characteristics in Northern Saudi Arabia. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

[Influence of ENSO Events on the Hydrogen (δH) and Oxygen (δO) Isotopic Values of Precipitation in Shanghai].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2017 Dec;38(12):4991-5003

Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, School of Geographical Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.

An analysis of the effect of ENSO events with different strengths on the isotopic composition of precipitation is conducted based on test data for 206 precipitation samples collected from January 2012 to February 2017 in Shanghai coupled with the archives for Nanjing, Wuhan, Fuzhou, and Hong Kong from 1961 to 2012 from the Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP) database. During the research periods, the δD and δO values in precipitation are lower in summer and autumn but higher in winter and spring. The slope and intercept of the atmospheric precipitation lines during El Niño events are larger than during other times, while anti-temperature, precipitation amount, and vapor pressure effects are more significant than during La Niña events. Read More

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December 2017
2 Reads

The Impact of Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Gestational Weight Gain on Perinatal Outcomes for Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2018 Jul 1. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), an obstetric disease that affects the health of pregnant women, is one of the key factors associated with perinatal mortality or disease.

Aims: To explore the impact of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on perinatal outcomes for women with GDM.

Methods: With a retrospective study design, women were recruited who received prenatal checkups, gave birth at two teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan from 1995 to 2011, and received a diagnosis of GDM by an obstetrician. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

Automated Anatomic Labeling Architecture for Content Discovery in Medical Imaging Repositories.

J Med Syst 2018 Jun 29;42(8):145. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Instituto de Engenharia Electrónica e Informática de Aveiro, DETI / IEETA - University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal.

The combination of textual data with visual features is known to enhance medical image search capabilities. However, the most advanced imaging archives today only index the studies' available meta-data, often containing limited amounts of clinically useful information. This work proposes an anatomic labeling architecture, integrated with an open source archive software, for improved multimodal content discovery in real-world medical imaging repositories. Read More

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Multi-centennial fluctuations of radionuclide production rates are modulated by the Earth's magnetic field.

Sci Rep 2018 Jun 29;8(1):9820. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

The production of cosmogenic isotopes offers a unique way to reconstruct solar activity during the Holocene. It is influenced by both the solar and Earth magnetic fields and thus their combined effect needs to be disentangled to infer past solar irradiance. Nowadays, it is assumed that the long-term variations of cosmogenic production are modulated by the geomagnetic field and that the solar field dominates over shorter wavelengths. Read More

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