7 results match your criteria Archives of scientific psychology[Journal]

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Empirical Failures of the Claim That Autistic People Lack a Theory of Mind.

Arch Sci Psychol 2019 9;7(1):102-118. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

University of Michigan.

The claim that autistic people lack a theory of mind-that they fail to understand that other people have a mind or that they themselves have a mind-pervades psychology. This article (a) reviews empirical evidence that fails to support the claim that autistic people are uniquely impaired, much less that all autistic people are universally impaired, on theory-of-mind tasks; (b) highlights original findings that have failed to replicate; (c) documents multiple instances in which the various theory-of-mind tasks fail to relate to each other and fail to account for autistic traits, social interaction, and empathy; (c) summarizes a large body of data, collected by researchers working outside the theory-of-mind rubric, that fails to support assertions made by researchers working inside the theory-of-mind rubric; and (d) concludes that the claim that autistic people lack a theory of mind is empirically questionable and societally harmful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959478PMC
December 2019

Gender Disparities in Awards to Neuroscience Researchers.

Arch Sci Psychol 2019 25;7(1):4-11. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Hunter College and CUNY Graduate Center.

Women in academia receive fewer prestigious awards than their male counterparts. This gender gap may emerge purely from structural factors (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6878988PMC
November 2019

A Prospective Study of Psychiatric Comorbidity and Recidivism Among Repeat DUI Offenders.

Arch Sci Psychol 2015 Apr;3(1):8-17

Harvard Medical School ; Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance.

Psychiatric comorbidity has emerged as a key element distinguishing DUI offenders from others, and, in some cases, distinguishing repeat offenders from first-time offenders. This paper utilizes a prospective design to determine whether the comorbid disorders identified among repeat DUI offenders can predict recidivism. Seven hundred forty-three repeat DUI offenders were recruited from a two-week inpatient treatment program at which they received a standardized mental health assessment and followed across five years post-treatment to track DUI offense, motor vehicle-related offenses, and general criminal offenses. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4628836PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000009DOI Listing
April 2015
6 Reads

An Abbreviated Impulsiveness Scale (ABIS) Constructed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the BIS-11.

Arch Sci Psychol 2014 Apr;2(1):1-12

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, 27710, USA.

Impulsiveness is a personality trait that reflects an urge to act spontaneously, without thinking or planning ahead for the consequences of your actions. High impulsiveness is characteristic of a variety of problematic behaviors including attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, excessive gambling, risk-taking, drug use, and alcoholism. Researchers studying attention and self-control often assess impulsiveness using personality questionnaires, notably the common Barratt Impulsiveness Scale version 11 (BIS-11; last revised in 1995). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/arc0000005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4527550PMC
April 2014
87 Reads

Reporting Results from Structural Equation Modeling Analyses in

Arch Sci Psychol 2013 Feb;1(1):14-22

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University.

Psychological research typically involves the analysis of data (e.g., questionnaire responses, records of behavior) using statistical methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3755633PMC
February 2013
4 Reads

Judgments of Learning are Influenced by Multiple Cues In Addition to Memory for Past Test Accuracy.

Arch Sci Psychol 2013;1(1):23-32

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Greensboro.

When people try to learn new information (e.g., in a school setting), they often have multiple opportunities to study the material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/arc0000003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4405771PMC
January 2013
30 Reads
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