55 results match your criteria Archives of physiotherapy[Journal]


Societá Italiana de Fisioterapia and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).

Arch Physiother 2019 14;9. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

1The University of Sydney, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney School of Public Health, Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Sydney, Australia.

This paper provides an overview of a free resource that can be used by physiotherapists to assist their efforts to undertake evidence-based practice. The resource is the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro; www.pedro. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-019-0058-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417184PMC

Questioning the "SPIN and SNOUT" rule in clinical testing.

Arch Physiother 2019 7;9. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

1Faculty Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussel, Belgium.

Specificity (SP) and sensitivity (SE) answer the question 'what is the chance of a positive or negative test in response to the presence or absence of a clinical condition?'. Related to SP and SE are the diagnostic procedures of SNOUT and SPIN. SNOUT is the acronym for 'Sensitive test when Negative rules OUT the disease', SPIN for, 'Specific test when Positive rules IN the disease'. Read More

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https://archivesphysiotherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-019-0056-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407254PMC
March 2019
11 Reads

The validity of spatiotemporal gait analysis using dual laser range sensors: a cross-sectional study.

Arch Physiother 2019 19;9. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

4Department of Neurology, Kawamura Hospital, Gifu, 501-3144 Japan.

Background: The spatiotemporal parameters were used for sophisticated gait analysis in widespread clinical use. Recently, a laser range sensor has been proposed as a new device for the spatiotemporal gait measurement. However, measurement using a single laser range sensor can only be used for short-range gait measurements because the device irradiates participants with lasers in a radial manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-019-0055-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381722PMC
February 2019

Do alterations in muscle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and alignment predict lower extremity injury in runners: a systematic review.

Arch Physiother 2019 12;9. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

4Division of Physical Therapy, Duke University, 2200 W. Main Street, Durham, NC 27705 USA.

Background: Injury is common in running and seen to impact up to 94% of recreational runners. Clinicians often use alterations from normal musculoskeletal clinical assessments to assess for risk of injury, but it is unclear if these assessments are associated with future injury.

Objectives: To identify alterations in muscle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and alignment that may predict lower extremity injury in runners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-019-0054-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373037PMC
February 2019

Can action observation modulate balance performance in healthy subjects?

Arch Physiother 2019 22;9. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1Laboratory of Movement Analysis, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy.

Background: Action observation activates brain motor networks and, if followed by action imitation, it facilitates motor learning and functional recovery in patients with both neurological and musculoskeletal disorders. To date, few studies suggested that action observation plus imitation can improve balance skills; however, it is still unclear whether the simple repetitive observation of challenging balance tasks is enough to modify postural control. Thus, the primary aim of this study was to investigate whether repetitive action observation of balance exercises without imitation has the potential to improve balance performance; the secondary aim was to estimate the different training effects of action observation, action observation plus imitation and balance training relative to a control condition in healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0053-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341526PMC
January 2019

Which factors are associated with the functional recovery in patients undergoing endoprosthetic knee reconstruction following bone tumour resection? - A observational study.

Arch Physiother 2018 29;8:11. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italia.

Background: The aim of the present study was to explore whether control of balance and other factors were associated with functional recovery and walking performance in the short term in a group of patients receiving modular knee endoprosthetic reconstruction following bone tumour resection in order to provide effective suggestions for a new rehabilitation protocol.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the chemotherapy ward of an Italian hospital specialized in bone cancer. All patients consecutively treated using a modular knee endoprosthetic between January 2013 and February 2014 were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0052-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311015PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Predictors of mobility domain of health-related quality of life after rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease: a pilot study.

Arch Physiother 2018 27;8:10. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Via Capecelatro 66, 20148 Milan, Italy.

Background: Parkinson's disease impacts health-related quality of life (HRQoL), however no studies inquired on predictors of HRQoL changes after rehabilitation. This study assessed the relationship between mobility domain of HRQoL measured by Parkinson's Disease Questionnaires-39 (PDQ-39) and clinical-demographic characteristics and developed a model predicting changes after rehabilitation.

Methods: Subjects with Parkinson's disease underwent rehabilitation treatment and completed the following predictors: 10-m walking test (10MWT), Timed Up and Go (TUG), Berg Balance scale (BBS), Activities-specific Balance Confidence scales (ABC), Freezing of Gait (FOGQ) and PDQ-39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0051-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307132PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

An ultrasonographic analysis of the activation patterns of abdominal muscles in children with spastic type cerebral palsy and in typically developing individuals: a comparative study.

Arch Physiother 2018 5;8. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

4Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Abdominal muscles have stiffer appearance in individuals with spastic type cerebral palsy (STCP) than in their typically developing (TD) peers. This apparent stiffness has been implicated in pelvic instability, mal-rotation, poor gait and locomotion. This study was aimed at investigating whether abdominal muscles activation patterns from rest to activity differ in the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0048-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5989436PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke.

Arch Physiother 2018 5;8. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Research Unit of Medicine of Aging, University of Florence, and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Viale Pieraccini 18, 50139 Florence, Italy.

Background: Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physical therapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects, and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physical therapy interventions after stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0049-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5989458PMC

Towards an integrated clinical framework for patient with shoulder pain.

Arch Physiother 2018 30;8. Epub 2018 May 30.

Via Magliotto, 2 17100, Savona, Italy.

Background: Shoulder pain (SP) represents a common musculoskeletal condition that requires physical therapy care. Along the years, the usual evaluation strategies based on clinical tests and diagnostic imaging has been challenged. Clinical tests appear unable to clearly identify the structures that generated pain and interpretation of diagnostic imaging is still controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0050-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975572PMC
May 2018
20 Reads

Exploring cued and non-cued motor imagery interventions in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomised feasibility trial and reliability study.

Arch Physiother 2018 2;8. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

2Clinical Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Motor imagery (MI) is increasingly used in neurorehabilitation to facilitate motor performance. Our previous study results demonstrated significantly improved walking after rhythmic-cued MI in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). The present feasibility study was aimed to obtain preliminary information of changes in walking, fatigue, quality of life (QoL) and MI ability following cued and non-cued MI in pwMS. Read More

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https://archivesphysiotherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0045-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5833073PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Rasch analysis of the patient-rated wrist evaluation questionnaire.

Arch Physiother 2018 26;8. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

3The Hand and Upper Limb Centre, St Joseph's Health Centre, London, ON Canada.

Background: The Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) was developed as a wrist joint specific measure of pain and disability and evidence of sound validity has been accumulated through classical psychometric methods. Rasch analysis (RA) has been endorsed as a newer method for analyzing the clinical measurement properties of self-report outcome measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the PRWE using Rasch modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0046-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828063PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Mirror therapy for an adult with central post-stroke pain: a case report.

Arch Physiother 2018 23;8. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

4Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Humanitas University, Rozzano, Italy.

Background: Treatment of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) after a thalamic-capsular stroke is generally based on pharmacological approach as it is low responsive to physiotherapy. In this case report, the use of mirror therapy (MT) for the reduction of CPSP in a subject after a stroke involving thalamus is presented.

Case Presentation: Five years after a right lenticular-capsular thalamic stroke, despite a good recovery of voluntary movement that guaranteed independence in daily life activities, a 50-year-old woman presented with mild weakness and spasticity, an important sensory loss and a burning pain in the left upper limb. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0047-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5824546PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

The necessary conditions of engagement for the therapeutic relationship in physiotherapy: an interpretive description study.

Arch Physiother 2018 17;8. Epub 2018 Feb 17.

5Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, 8205 114 Street, 2-50 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G4 Canada.

Background: The therapeutic relationship between patient and physiotherapist is a central component of patient-centred care and has been positively associated with better physiotherapy clinical outcomes. Despite its influence, we do not know what conditions enable a physiotherapist and patient to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship. This knowledge has implications for how clinicians approach their interactions with patients and for the development of an assessment tool that accurately reflects the nature of the therapeutic relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0044-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816533PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Physiotherapy for people with mental health problems in Sub-Saharan African countries: a systematic review.

Arch Physiother 2018 27;8. Epub 2018 Jan 27.

Butabika National Referral and Mental Health Hospital, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-018-0043-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5787323PMC
January 2018
9 Reads

Are they publishing? A descriptive cross-sectional profile and bibliometric analysis of the journal publication productivity of Italian physiotherapists.

Arch Physiother 2018 2;8. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Unit of Functional Recovery, Azienda USL Toscana Centro, Area Prato, Italy.

Background: In a clinical science-based profession such as physiotherapy, research is mandatory to update knowledge and to provide cost-effective, high quality treatments. This study aimed to provide point prevalence of Italian physiotherapists who are academics, holding a PhD degree, or being authors of scientific papers. The scientific journal productivity of physiotherapists was also thoroughly analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0042-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759900PMC
January 2018
1 Read

Participation in physical activities for children with cerebral palsy: feasibility and effectiveness of physical activity on prescription.

Arch Physiother 2017 28;7:13. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Box 157, -221 00 Lund, SE Sweden.

Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are less physically active and more sedentary than other children which implies risk factors for their physical and mental health. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is an effective intervention to promote a lifestyle change towards increased physical activity in adults in general. Knowledge is lacking about the use of PAP in children with CP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0041-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759903PMC
November 2017

How to diagnose cervicogenic dizziness.

Arch Physiother 2017 12;7:12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Doctor of Physical Therapy Division, Duke University, 2200 W Main St., Durham, NC 27705 USA.

Cervicogenic dizziness (CGD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the presence of dizziness and associated neck pain. There are no definitive clinical or laboratory tests for CGD and therefore CGD is a diagnosis of exclusion. It can be difficult for healthcare professionals to differentiate CGD from other vestibular, medical and vascular disorders that cause dizziness, requiring a high level of skill and a thorough understanding of the proper tests and measures to accurately rule in or rule out competing diagnoses. Read More

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http://archivesphysiotherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0040-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759906PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

Physiotherapy in upper abdominal surgery - what is current practice in Australia?

Arch Physiother 2017 15;7:11. Epub 2017 Aug 15.

School of Physiotherapy, The University of Notre Dame Australia, Fremantle, Australia.

Background: Upper abdominal surgery (UAS) has the potential to cause post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs). In the absence of high-quality research regarding post-operative physiotherapy management, consensus-based best practice guidelines formulated by Hanekom et al. (2012) are available to clinicians providing recommendations for post-UAS treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0039-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759921PMC
August 2017
9 Reads

Side alternating vibration training in patients with mitochondrial disease: a pilot study.

Arch Physiother 2017 8;7:10. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Departments of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB Canada.

Background: Side alternating vibration training (SAVT) is a mechanical oscillation using a vibrating platform that simulates exercise. We hypothesized that patients with mitochondrial myopathies, who experience muscle weakness, may see an improvement in muscle power with SAVT.

Methods: Patients with mitochondrial disease started either a treatment (SAVT) or control phase (standing without vibration) for 12 weeks, then 12 weeks of washout, and then a 12-week cross-over. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0038-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759922PMC
August 2017
3 Reads

Effectiveness of three modes of kinetic-chain exercises on quadriceps muscle strength and thigh girth among individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

Arch Physiother 2017 19;7. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria.

Background: The study was designed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of 12-week open, closed and combined kinetic-chain exercises (OKCE, CKCE and CCE) on quadriceps muscle strength and thigh girth of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Method: The randomized clinical trial involved ninety-six consecutive patients with knee OA who were randomly assigned to one of OKCE, CKCE or CCE groups. Participants' static quadriceps muscle strength (SQS), dynamic quadriceps muscle strength (DQS) and thigh girth (TG) were assessed using cable tensiometer, one repetition method and inelastic tape measure respectively at baseline and at the end of weeks 4, 8 and 12 of study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0036-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759897PMC
July 2017
2 Reads

Exploring barriers to accessing physiotherapy services for stroke patients at Tema general hospital, Ghana.

Arch Physiother 2017 6;7. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Department of Health Policy, Planning and Management, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG13, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Physiotherapy has been shown to reduce the risk of disability among stroke patients. Poor adherence to physiotherapy can negatively affect outcomes and healthcare cost. However, very little is known about barriers especially to physiotherapy services in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0037-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759901PMC

Developing the content of a locomotor disability scale for adults in Bangladesh: a qualitative study.

Arch Physiother 2017 6;7. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Department of Social Science, Centre for Longitudinal Studies, University College London, 55-59 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0NU UK.

Background: Bangladesh has an estimated 17 million adults with disabilities. A significant proportion of them are believed to have locomotor disabilities. There are over 300 non-governmental organizations providing different types of rehabilitation services to them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0035-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759907PMC

A survey of physicians and physiotherapists on physical activity promotion in Nigeria.

Arch Physiother 2017 19;7. Epub 2017 May 19.

Faculty of Medicine, Federal University Dutse, Dutse, Jigawa State Nigeria.

Background: Effective control of non-communicable diseases and promotion of population-wide physical activity participation require the active engagement of health professionals. Physiotherapists and physicians, as part of their practice, routinely screen and assess physical activity status, and recommend health enhancing physical activity participation for their patients. This study aims to compare Nigerian physiotherapists and physicians' knowledge of physical activity message, role perception and confidence, perceived feasibility and barriers, and overall disposition to promoting physical activity in their practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0034-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759899PMC

Depicting individual responses to physical therapist led chronic pain self-management support with pain science education and exercise in primary health care: multiple case studies.

Arch Physiother 2017 20;7. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, 31 George Street, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 Canada.

Background: Previous evidence suggests self-management programs for people with chronic pain improve knowledge and self-efficacy, but result in small to negligible changes in function. The purpose of this multiple case studies design was to describe the unique responses of six participants to a new self-management program aimed at improving function, to detail each component of the program, and to explore potential explanations for the varied trajectories of each of the participants.

Case Presentation: Six participants who had been experiencing chronic pain for at least 5 years were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0032-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759926PMC
April 2017
6 Reads

Content validity and test-retest reliability of a low back pain questionnaire in Zimbabwean adolescents.

Arch Physiother 2017 28;7. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Department of Tourism and Hospitality, Harare Polytechnic College, P.O Box CY 407, Causeway, Harare Zimbabwe.

Background: In Zimbabwe, a recent increase in the volume of research on recurrent non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) has revealed that adolescents are commonly affected. This is alarming to health professionals and parents and calls for serious primary preventative strategies to be developed and implemented forthwith. Early identification initiatives should be prioritised in order to curtail the condition and its progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0031-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759913PMC
February 2017
4 Reads

Hemodynamics and tissue oxygenation effects after increased in positive end-expiratory pressure in coronary artery bypass surgery.

Arch Physiother 2017 11;7. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Physiotherapy Unit, Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, Avenida Dr Dante Pazzanese, 500, CEP: 04012-180, Vila Mariana, São Paulo, SP Brazil.

Background: Cardiac surgery is widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, several complications can be observed during the postoperative period. Positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) improves gas exchange, but it might be related to decreased cardiac output and possible impairment of tissue oxygenation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0030-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759905PMC
January 2017
12 Reads

A therapist-focused knowledge translation intervention for improving patient adherence in musculoskeletal physiotherapy practice.

Arch Physiother 2017 6;7. Epub 2017 Jan 6.

School of rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Canada.

Background: Nonadherence to treatment remains high among patients with musculoskeletal conditions with negative impact on the treatment outcomes, use of personal and cost of care. An active knowledge translation (KT) strategy may be an effective strategy to support practice change. The purpose of this study was to deliver a brief, interactive, multifaceted and targeted KT program to improve physiotherapist knowledge and confidence in performing adherence enhancing activities related to risk, barriers, assessment and interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0029-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759916PMC
January 2017
4 Reads

Using Xbox kinect motion capture technology to improve clinical rehabilitation outcomes for balance and cardiovascular health in an individual with chronic TBI.

Arch Physiother 2017 31;7. Epub 2017 May 31.

Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Motion capture virtual reality-based rehabilitation has become more common. However, therapists face challenges to the implementation of virtual reality (VR) in clinical settings. Use of motion capture technology such as the Xbox Kinect may provide a useful rehabilitation tool for the treatment of postural instability and cardiovascular deconditioning in individuals with chronic severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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http://archivesphysiotherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-017-0033-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5560163PMC
May 2017
49 Reads

Combined treatment with paraffin, manual therapy, pegboard and splinting in a patient with post-traumatic stiff hand.

Arch Physiother 2016 29;6:14. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Rehabilitation Service, Area of Traumatology, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Pg Vall d'Hebron 119-129, Barcelona, 08035 Spain.

Background: The stiff hand is a still common, severe complication of hand injuries.

Case Presentation: We report here the case of a 56 year-old woman, professional goldsmith, who suffered a distal radius fracture of her right hand. The patient was treated with surgery followed by four weeks of immobilization, and developed a stiff hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0028-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759923PMC
November 2016
2 Reads

Measurement properties of the upright motor control test for adults with stroke: a systematic review.

Arch Physiother 2016 8;6:13. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

Department of Physical Therapy, Samuel Merritt University, 450 30th Street 3726, Oakland, CA 94609 USA.

Background: The Upright Motor Control Test (UMCT) has been used in clinical practice and research to assess functional strength of the hemiparetic lower limb in adults with stroke. It is unclear if evidence is sufficient to warrant its use. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize available evidence on the measurement properties of the UMCT for stroke rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0027-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759892PMC
November 2016

Implementation of the physical function ICU test tool in a resource constrained intensive care unit to promote early mobilisation of critically ill patients- a feasibility study.

Arch Physiother 2016 19;6:12. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Department of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The shift of focus in outcome measures from mortality to assessment of functional status in intensive care unit (ICU) patients has resulted in the emergence of mobilisation of critically ill patients as a standard physiotherapy practice in most medium and high income countries. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of an early mobilisation program and to report on the changes in patient clinical outcomes following the intervention in a low income country.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out at one public hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0026-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759917PMC
October 2016
5 Reads

Use of social media among Italian physiotherapists: a new opportunity for the profession or an unfavorable trend toward guruism?

Authors:
Stefano Vercelli

Arch Physiother 2016 20;6:10. Epub 2016 Sep 20.

Laboratory of Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders Assessment, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Scientific Institute of Veruno, IRCCS, Via per Revislate 13, I-28010 Veruno (NO), Italy.

The advent of social media such as Facebook has introduced new opportunities for knowledge sharing and professional networking. Currently, little is known on how physiotherapists participate in virtual communities, and there are opposing views regarding the benefits and pitfalls of professional use of social media. In this letter, theoretical frameworks are proposed by analyzing the behavior of users and the post contents on Italian pages dedicated to physiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0025-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759911PMC
September 2016
2 Reads

Patient-reported outcome measures for non-specific neck pain validated in the Italian-language: a systematic review.

Arch Physiother 2016 22;6. Epub 2016 Jul 22.

Laboratory of Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders Assessment, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Scientific Institute of Veruno, IRCCS, Veruno, NO Italy.

Background: Patient-reported outcome measures can improve the management of patients with non-specific neck pain. The choice of measure greatly depends on its content and psychometric properties. Most questionnaires were developed for English-speaking people, and need to undergo cross-cultural validation for use in different language contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0024-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759912PMC
July 2016
3 Reads

Consequences and management of neck pain by female office workers: results of a survey and clinical assessment.

Arch Physiother 2016 18;6. Epub 2016 Jul 18.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Neck pain is common in office workers. However, the functional consequences of this pain to the individual and how they are managed are not well known. The objective of this study is understand the impact of neck pain and the strategies female office workers use to manage their pain while remaining at work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0023-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759915PMC

A cross-sectional study investigating impressions and opinions of medical rehabilitation professionals on the effectiveness of the Ponseti method for treatment of clubfoot in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Arch Physiother 2016 30;6. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

SANDI Rehabilitation, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Background: The Ponseti method of managing clubfoot was introduced in Zimbabwe in 2011. This followed massive training of health workers such as medical rehabilitation practitioners through a programme called the Zimbabwe Sustainable Clubfoot Programme. Today, the Ponseti method is the technique of choice for managing clubfoot in hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0021-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759920PMC
June 2016
1 Read

At discharge gait speed and independence of patients provides a challenges for rehabilitation after total joint arthroplasty: an observational study.

Arch Physiother 2016 29;6. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Unit, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

Background: The level of functioning in people discharged from hospital after hip arthroplasty is very heterogeneous and prognostic factors are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the mean level of autonomy achieved by such patients at discharge from hospital using the Iowa Level of Assistence (ILOA) scale as a measurement tool and to investigate the possible predictive factors of this autonomy.

Methods: It was conducted a prospective cohort study including hip arthroplasty patients treated consecutively in 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0020-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759919PMC

Motor rehabilitation should be based on knowledge of motor control.

Arch Physiother 2016 23;6. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

School of Medicine and Surgery, PhD Program in Neuroscience, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Neurorehabilitation is at a crossroads. Indeed, there is inconclusive, but promising evidence about clinical effectiveness of rehabilitation in the field of neurological impairments. Translating the new theories on motor control into clinical research may help to develop new treatment strategies and guide rehabilitation approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0019-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759910PMC

Erratum to: Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study.

Arch Physiother 2016 21;6. Epub 2016 Mar 21.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical & Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra Ghana.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40945-016-0016-2.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0017-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759908PMC
March 2016
1 Read

Physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists and its correlation with age and exercise engagement: a pilot study.

Arch Physiother 2016 24;6. Epub 2016 Feb 24.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical & Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The physical job demands of physiotherapists require optimal level of physical fitness (PF), which is often not evaluated in practice. In this study, we assessed selected components of physical fitness of Ghanaian physiotherapists in relation to their sex, age and frequency of exercise participation.

Methods: Physiotherapists practicing in four major hospitals within the Accra Metropolis of Ghana were enrolled into this cross-sectional survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0016-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759891PMC
February 2016

Aerosol delivery practice in Italian Cystic Fibrosis centres: a national survey.

Arch Physiother 2016 15;6. Epub 2016 Jan 15.

Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy.

Background: Physiotherapists (PTs) are ideally positioned to assist patients and families with inhalation therapies through monitoring, communication and education about available therapies and their proper use; indeed aerosoltherapy management is listed as part of Italian PTs' core competence and in the core syllabus for post-graduate training in respiratory physiotherapy. The aim of this study was to outline the involvement of Italian PTs working in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) centres in the aerosol delivery practice.

Methods: Physiotherapist coordinators ( = 29) of all Italian CF centres were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey and a semi-structured questionnaire was developed and sent by e-mail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-016-0015-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759924PMC
January 2016

Action observation training to improve motor function recovery: a systematic review.

Arch Physiother 2015 2;5:14. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

School of Physiotherapy, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy.

Following the discovery of Mirror Neuron System (MNS), Action Observation Training (AOT) has become an emerging rehabilitation tool to improve motor functions both in neurologic and orthopedic pathologies. The aim of this study is to present the state of the art on the use of AOT in experimental studies to improve motor function recovery in any disease. The research was performed in PubMed, PEDro, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (last search July 2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0013-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759925PMC
December 2015
1 Read

Differences in personal and lifestyle characteristics among Zimbabwean high school adolescents with and without recurrent non-specific low back pain: a two part cross-sectional study.

Arch Physiother 2015 1;5:13. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Cape Town, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Recurrent non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) is increasingly becoming common among adolescents worldwide. A recent study in Zimbabwe showed a relatively high prevalence (28.8 %) among high school students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0014-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759904PMC
December 2015
2 Reads

Effects of walking on bilateral differences in spatial attention control: a cross-over design.

Arch Physiother 2015 23;5:12. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Fujita Health University, 470-1192 Toyoake, Japan.

Background: Walking requires a high attentional cost for balance control and interferes with the control of attention. However, it is unclear whether the performance of visual spatial attention control, which is one of the functions of attention control, is also decreased during walking. In addition, although previous studies have shown right-hemispheric dominance and lower ability of left side visual spatial attention control during sitting, it remains unknown whether walking accentuates bilateral differences in visual spatial attention control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0012-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759909PMC
October 2015
3 Reads

Interrater and intrarater reliability and minimal detectable change of the Wisconsin Gait Scale when used to examine videotaped gait in individuals post-stroke.

Arch Physiother 2015 5;5:11. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

Inova Mount Vernon Hospital, Alexandria, VA USA.

Background: Often, interventions targeting the kinematic and temporal and spatial changes in gait commonly seen after a stroke are based on observations of walking. Having the capacity to objectively identify such changes and track improvements over time using reliable and valid measures is important. The Wisconsin Gait Scale (WGS), which is comprised of 14 items, was developed specifically to examine and document gait changes occurring after a stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0011-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759902PMC
October 2015
3 Reads

Comparative efficacy of three active treatment modules on psychosocial variables in patients with long-term mechanical low-back pain: a randomized-controlled trial.

Arch Physiother 2015 21;5:10. Epub 2015 Sep 21.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Psychosocial factors precipitate and perpetuate the risk of developing long-term Low-Back Pain (LBP) with resultant disability. However, management of psychosocial aspects of LBP still remains a major challenge. This study investigated the effect of static or dynamic back extensors endurance exercise on psychosocial variables of Fear-Avoidance Behaviour (FAB), Pain Self-Efficacy Belief (PSEB) and Back Pain Consequences Belief (BPCB) in patients with LBP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0010-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759898PMC
September 2015
1 Read

Factors associated with citation rate of randomised controlled trials in physiotherapy.

Arch Physiother 2015 1;5. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

Unit of Functional Rehabilitation, Department of Continuing Care, Azienda USL 4, Prato, Italy.

Background: Despite the use of citation rate as a measure of quality of research is strongly criticized and debated, it remain a widely used method to evaluate performances of researchers, articles and journals. The aim of this study was to test which factors are associated with citation rate of Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) published on the physiotherapy field.

Methods: All RCTs abstracted in the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), indexed in Scopus database and published in 2008 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0009-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759914PMC
September 2015
5 Reads

Finite helical axis for the analysis of joint kinematics: comparison of an electromagnetic and an optical motion capture system.

Arch Physiother 2015 25;5. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Laboratory of Analysis and Rehabilitation of Motor Function, Neuroscience Division, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.

Background: The analysis of joints kinematics is important in clinical practice and in research. Nowadays it is possible to evaluate the mobility of joints in vivo with different motion capture techniques available in the market. Optical systems use infrared cameras and reflective markers to evaluate body movements, while other systems use electromagnetic fields to detect position and orientation of sensors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0008-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759895PMC
August 2015
3 Reads

To sit or stand? A preliminary, cross sectional study to investigate if there is a difference in glenohumeral subluxation in sitting or standing in people following stroke.

Arch Physiother 2015 11;5. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

Department of Health Professions, Birley Campus, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M15 6GX UK.

Background: Glenohumeral subluxation (GHS) is a common symptom following stroke. Many therapists postulate that GHS may be reduced if the base of support (BOS) is reduced and the centre of mass (COM) is raised as this requires greater postural muscle activity. However, there is little empirical evidence to support this practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0006-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5721700PMC

Proprioceptive Based Training for stroke recovery. Proposal of new treatment modality for rehabilitation of upper limb in neurological diseases.

Arch Physiother 2015 3;5. Epub 2015 Aug 3.

Laboratory of Kinematics and Robotics, IRCCS San Camillo Hospital Foundation, via Alberoni 70, Venice, 30126 Italy.

Background: The central nervous system (CNS) has plastic properties allowing its adaptation through development. These properties are still maintained in the adult age and potentially activated in case of brain lesion. In the present study authors hypothesized that a significant recovery of voluntary muscle contraction in post stroke patients experiencing severe upper limb paresis can be obtained, when proprioceptive based stimulations are provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40945-015-0007-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759889PMC