13,250 results match your criteria Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation[Journal]


Myoelectric Prosthesis Users Improve Performance Time and Accuracy using Vibrotactile feedback when Visual Feedback is disturbed.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Physical therapy department, Sackler Faculty of medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of adding Vibrotactile feedback (VTF) in myoelectric prosthesis users during performance of a functional task when visual feedback is disturbed.

Design: A repeated-measures design with a counter-balanced order of three conditions.

Setting: Laboratory setting. Read More

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Comprehensive non-surgical treatment versus self-directed care to improve walking ability in lumbar spinal stenosis: A randomized trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopedics, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto Canada.

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of a comprehensive non-surgical training program to a self-directed approach in improving walking ability in lumbar spinal stenosis.

Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Academic hospital outpatient clinic. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Understanding Health-related Quality of Life in Caregivers of Civilians and Service Members/Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury: Establishing the Reliability and Validity of PROMIS Mental Health Measures.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine & Harris Health System, Houston, TX, USA; Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: To provide important reliability and validity data to support the use of the PROMIS Mental Health measures in caregivers of civilians or service members/veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: Patient-reported outcomes surveys administered through an electronic data collection platform.

Setting: Three TBI Model Systems rehabilitation hospitals, an academic medical center, and a military medical treatment facility. Read More

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Understanding health-related quality of life in caregivers of civilians and service members/veterans with traumatic brain injury: Establishing the reliability and validity of PROMIS Fatigue and Sleep Disturbance item banks.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan; Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: To examine the reliability and validity of Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures of sleep disturbance and fatigue in TBI caregivers and to determine the severity of fatigue and sleep disturbance in these caregivers.

Design: Cross-sectional survey data collected through an online data capture platform.

Setting: Four rehabilitation hospitals and Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Assessing ventilatory threshold in individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 16. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St West, Hamilton, Canada, L8S 4K1. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the feasibility of measuring ventilatory threshold (VT) in higher-level, motor-complete spinal cord injury (SCI) using four different analysis methods based on non-invasive gas exchange.

Design: Observational.

Setting: Laboratory testing. Read More

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Letter to the Editor - Response.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 16. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Université Laval, Québec, Quebec Canada.

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Do Predictive Relationships Exist Between Postural Control and Falls Efficacy in Unilateral Transtibial Prosthesis Users?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 16. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.

Objective: To assess whether variables from a postural control test relate to and predict falls efficacy in prosthesis users.

Design: Twelve-month within and between subjects repeated measures design. Participants performed the Limits of Stability (LOS) test protocol at study baseline and at 6-month follow-up. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Personality, High-risk Behaviors, and Elevated Risk of Unintentional Deaths Related to Drug Poisoning among Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Objective: To identify risk and protective factors for unintentional death related to drug poisoning from prescription medications, including opioid-related deaths, and death due to all other causes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Large specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with different degrees of static lung hyperinflation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 12. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Research and Education, Centre of expertise for chronic organ failure (CIRO), Horn, The Netherlands; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on exercise performance and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with different degrees of static lung hyperinflation (LH).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Network. Read More

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Invited Commentary on "The Report to Congress on the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children".

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 12. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabiliation.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published the "Report to Congress on the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children" in the spring of 2018. The report is a call to action for professionals providing care for children with traumatic brain injury in the health, social and educational sectors and for researchers, administrators and agencies to develop strategies to improve outcomes. For pediatric rehabilitation providers there are clear opportunities to improve service delivery for individual patients and for the population of children after traumatic brain injury more generally. Read More

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Home-based exercise enhances health-related quality of life in persons with spinal cord injury: A randomized controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Effects of post-acute multidisciplinary rehabilitation including exercise in out-of-hospital settings in the aged: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

ACHIEVE, Center of Applied Research, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Academic Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Geriatric Medicine, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: Many older individuals receive rehabilitation in an out-of-hospital setting (OOHS) after acute hospitalization; however, its effect on mobility and unplanned hospital readmission is unclear. Therefore a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted on this topic.

Data Sources: Medline OVID, Embase OVID, and Cinahl were searched from their inception until February 22, 2018. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Automated Mechanical Peripheral Stimulation Effects on Gait Variability in Individuals With Parkison's Disease and Freezing of Gait: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial (Ms. Ref. No.: ARCHIVES-PMR-D-18-00162).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Politecnico di Milano, Department of Electronics, Information, and Bioengineering, Milan, Italy.

Objective: to assess the effects of Automated Peripheral Stimulation (AMPS) in reducing gait variability of subjects with Parkinson's Disease (PD) and freezing of gait (FOG) treated with AMPS and to explore the effects of this treatment on gait during a single task (walking) and a dual task (walking while attending the word-color Stroop test).

Design: interventional, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial.

Setting: Clinical rehabilitation. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Acceptance of tele-rehabilitation by stroke patients: perceived barriers and facilitators.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.

Objective: To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators of tele-rehabilitation by stroke patients, caregivers and rehabilitation therapists in an Asian setting.

Design: Qualitative study involving semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions.

Setting: General community PARTICIPANTS: 37 participants including stroke patients, their caregivers and tele-therapists selected by purposive sampling. Read More

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A High-Intensity Multi-Component Agility Intervention Improves Parkinson's Patients' Clinical and Motor Symptoms.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 7. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objective: To determine the effects of a high-intensity exercise therapy using sensorimotor and visual stimuli on non-demented Parkinson's disease (PD) patients' clinical symptoms, mobility, and standing balance DESIGN: Randomized clinical intervention, using a before-after trial design.

Setting: University hospital setting.

Participants: 72 PD patients with Hoehn-Yahr stage of 2 to 3, of whom 64 were randomized, and 55 completed the study. Read More

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Effectiveness of supervised home-based exercise therapy compared to a control intervention on functions, activities and participation in older patients after hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Radboud university medical center, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, IQ healthcare, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this review was to investigate whether supervised home-based exercise therapy after hospitalization is more effective on improving functions, activities and participation in older patients after hip fracture as compared with a control intervention (including usual care). Furthermore, we aimed to account the body of evidence for therapeutic validity.

Data Sources: Systematic searches of Medline, Embase and CINAHL databases up to 30 June 2016. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Optimal bladder management following spinal cord injury: Evidence, practice and a cooperative approach driving future directions in Australia.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

BehaviourWorks Australia, Monash Sustainable Development Institute, Monash University, Australia.

We examined SCI catheterisation practices in Australia to understand practice patterns and consistency with research evidence. A national, facilitated discussion forum was held during the annual Australian and New Zealand Spinal Cord Society (ANZSCoS) conference attended by 66 conference delegates. Initially, presentations were given on latest laboratory research examining bladder changes following SCI; an overview of evidence-based recommendations indicating that intermittent catheterisation is best practice; and results of a single-centre practice audit demonstrated substantial delay in transition between acute SCI and intermittent catheterisation. Read More

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Feasibility of ballistic strength training in sub-acute stroke: A randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded pilot study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Physiotherapy, Epworth Hospital; Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne.

Objective: To establish the feasibility and effectiveness of a six week ballistic strength training protocol in people with stroke.

Design: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded study.

Setting: Sub-acute inpatient rehabilitation. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Behavioral and Health Outcomes Associated with Deployment and Non-Deployment Acquisition of Traumatic Brain Injury in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

Salisbury VA Health Care System, Salisbury, NC, USA; VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Durham, NC, USA; Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Objective: Characterize behavioral and health outcomes in veterans with TBI acquired in non-deployment and deployment settings.

Design: Cross-sectional assessment evaluating TBI acquired during and outside of deployment, mental and behavioral health symptoms, and diagnoses.

Setting: Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Read More

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Does therapy with biofeedback improve swallowing in adults with dysphagia? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

Division of Medical Sciences & GEM.

Objective: To describe and systematically review the current evidence on the effects of swallow therapy augmented by biofeedback in adults with dysphagia (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016052942).

Data Sources: Two independent reviewers conducted searches which included MEDLINE, EMBASE, trial registries and grey literature up to December 2016.

Study Selection: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs were assessed, including for risk of bias and quality. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Development Of A Multivariate Prognostic Model For Pain And Activity Limitation In People With Low Back Disorders Receiving Physiotherapy.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.

Low Back Research Team, College of Science, Health & Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To identify predictors for back pain, leg pain and activity limitation in patients with early persistent low back disorders.

Design: Prospective inception cohort study; Setting: primary care private physiotherapy clinics in Melbourne, Australia.

Participants: 300 adults aged 18-65 years with low back and/or referred leg pain of ≥6-weeks and ≤6-months duration. Read More

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A Cross-Sectional Study Assessing Treatment Preference of People with Chronic Low Back Pain.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.

Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess treatment preference and attributes of two exercise-based treatments for people with chronic low back pain (LBP).

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Academic research setting. Read More

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Psychometric testing of a rehabilitative care patient experience instrument.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.

School of Public Health & Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2L 3G1.

Objective: To evaluate the internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, construct validity, and feasibility of the WatLX™, a measure of the experience of patients in rehabilitative care.

Design: Multi-site, cross-sectional and test-retest self-report study.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitative care settings PARTICIPANTS: The WatLX™ was administered to English-speaking, cognitively intact outpatients over 18 years old, who had completed a program of cardiac, musculoskeletal, neurologic, stroke, pulmonary, or speech language rehabilitative care, at two separate time points: 1) immediately following completion of their rehabilitation program (N=1174), and 2) two weeks later (N=29). Read More

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The Adult Assisting Hand Assessment Stroke: Psychometric properties of an observation-based bimanual upper-limb performance measurement.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.

KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, Belgium.

Objective: To investigate interrater and intrarater reliability, measurement error and convergent and discriminative validity of the Adult Assisting Hand Assessment Stroke (Ad-AHA Stroke).

Design: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Seven stroke rehabilitation centers PARTICIPANTS: A total of 118 stroke survivors (reliability sample: n=30; validity sample: n=118) were included (median age 67 years (interquartile range (IQR) 59-76); median time post stroke 81 days (IQR 57-117).

Interventions: N/A. Read More

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Do medical complications impact long-term outcomes in prolonged disorders of consciousness?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 25. Epub 2018 May 25.

Neurorehabilitation Unit and Research Laboratory for Disorder of Consciousness, IRCCS Maugeri ICS, Via Bagni Vecchi 1, 82037 Telese Terme (BN), Italy; Neuropsychology Lab., Dept. of Psychology, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Viale Ellittico 31, 81100 Caserta, Italy.

Objective: to investigate medical complications (MC) occuring within 6 months post-injury in brain-injured patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC) and to evaluate impact of MC on mortality and long-term clinical outcomes.

Design: prospective observational cohort study.

Setting: rehabilitation unit for acquired DoC. Read More

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Osteopathic manipulative treatment including specific diaphragm techniques improves pain and disability in chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.

Department of Physiotherapy, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the effects of an osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) which includes a diaphragm intervention compared to the same OMT with a sham-diaphragm intervention in chronic non-specific low back pain (NS-CLBP).

Design: Parallel group randomized controlled trial SETTING: private and institutional health centers.

Participants: Sixty-six subjects (18-60 yrs. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Efficiency of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation on Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Rehabilitation, Renhe Hospital, Baoshan District, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP).

Design: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Setting: A total of 184 HSP patients, aged 18-80 years, were recruited in the Rehabilitation Hospital from February 2014 to July 2016. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Development and Psychometric Validation of Capacity Assessment of Prosthetic Performance for the Upper Limb (CAPPFUL).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Clinical Services, Advanced Arm Dynamics, Redondo Beach, CA, USA.

Objectives: (1) Develop a performance-based measure for adult upper limb (UL) prosthetic functioning through broad (i.e. overall performance) and functional domain-specific (e. Read More

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Which Neuromuscular Attributes Are Associated With Changes in Mobility Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Symptomatic Lumbar Spinal Stenosis?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

New England Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, GRECC, Boston, MA.

Objectives: To identify neuromuscular attributes associated with mobility and changes in mobility over 2 years of follow-up among patients with and without symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (SLSS).

Design: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal cohort study.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation center. Read More

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Validation of the Work-Disability Physical Functional Assessment Battery.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

the Department of Health Law Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: To examine the validity of the self-report Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) physical function scales relative to clinician ratings of function and a performance-based functional capacity evaluation called the Physical Work Performance Evaluation (PWPE).

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation. Read More

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Describing functioning in people living with spinal cord injury in Switzerland - a graphical modelling approach.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland; Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Objective: To describe functioning in people living with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland.

Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data.

Setting: Community, Switzerland. Read More

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Systematic Review of caregiver and dyad interventions following adult traumatic brain injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

University of Cincinnati College of Nursing.

Objective: To describe and synthesize the existing literature of published adult TBI family caregiver and dyad intervention studies. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common and have a significant long-term impact, with some characterizing TBI as a chronic condition. Informal family caregivers of adults with TBI suffer from high rates of burnout, depression, fatigue, anxiety, lower subjective well-being, and poorer levels of physical health compared to non-caregivers. Read More

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Implementation of Prescheduled Follow-Ups With Education Improve Poststroke Depression Screening Compliance in Routine Clinical Practice.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Neurological Unit, South Karelia Central Hospital, South Karelia Social and Health Care District, Lappeenranta, Finland.

Objectives: To investigate the extent to which the mood of stroke patients is assessed and what kind of assessment methods are used in routine clinical practice, and whether prescheduled follow-ups can improve the detection of depression, particularly when this practice is blended with better education for health care professionals in assessing and detecting depression.

Design: Before-after trial with an 18-month follow-up and a review of medical records.

Setting: Acute care hospital, community. Read More

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Effectiveness of the Pilates Method in the Treatment of Chronic Mechanical Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Rheumatology Division, Paulista Medicine School, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of the Pilates method on pain, function, quality of life, and consumption of pain medication in patients with mechanical neck pain.

Design: The design was a randomized controlled trial, with a blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis.

Setting: The study took place in the outpatient clinic of the rheumatology department, referral center. Read More

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Go Home, Sit Less: The Impact of Home Versus Hospital Rehabilitation Environment on Activity Levels of Stroke Survivors.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

Menzies Institute of Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Physiotherapy Department, Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmanian Health Service-South, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Peninsula Clinical School, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine whether change in rehabilitation environment (hospital or home) and other factors influence time spent sitting upright and walking after stroke.

Design: Observational study.

Setting: Two inpatient rehabilitation units and community residences following discharge. Read More

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Robot-Guided Neuronavigated Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in Central Neuropathic Pain.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

NEUROPAIN Team, Inserm U1028, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1 et Université Jean Monnet, Saint-Etienne, France; Centre Stéphanois de la Douleur, Hôpital Nord, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Saint-Etienne, France; Service de Neurologie, Hôpital Nord, Centre Hospitalier Regional Universitaire de Saint-Etienne.

Objectives: To confirm and extend previous results involving repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) aimed at alleviating refractory central neuropathic pain (CNP). To evaluate pain relief in detail and to assess ongoing benefits after one year of treatment.

Design: Prospective observational study. Read More

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Behavior-Change Intervention Targeting Physical Function, Walking, and Disability After Dysvascular Amputation: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 7. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Program, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Objective: To determine preliminary efficacy of a home-based behavior-change intervention designed to promote exercise, walking activity, and disease self-management.

Design: A single-blind, randomized controlled pilot trial.

Setting: One Veterans Administration and 2 regional medical centers. Read More

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May 2018
3 Reads

Efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer: A systematic review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 5. Epub 2018 May 5.

School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland.

Objective: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer.

Data Sources: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1 March 2017.

Study Selection: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival. Read More

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A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis of Mindful Exercises on Rehabilitative Outcomes Among Poststroke Patients.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 5. Epub 2018 May 5.

School of Humanities and Social Science, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To critically evaluate the rehabilitative effects of mindful exercises for poststroke patients.

Data Sources: Six databases (PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) and reference lists of relevant articles were searched.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials on the effects of mindful exercises on rehabilitative outcomes such as sensorimotor function, gait speed, leg strength, aerobic endurance, cognitive function, and overall motor function. Read More

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Effects of Physical Exercise Interventions on Dual-Task Gait Speed Following Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 5. Epub 2018 May 5.

Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Eastern Mediterranean University, TRNC.

Objectives: To estimate the treatment effects of exercise and/or gait training interventions on dual-task walking in people with stroke. The secondary objective was to conduct subgroup analyses to compare the treatment effects of interventions involving dual-task training to those without any dual-task training.

Data Sources: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in 6 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database) up to July 18, 2017. Read More

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A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety, feasibility and effect of exercise in women with stage II+ breast cancer.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the safety, feasibility and effect of exercise among women with stage II+ breast cancer.

Data Sources: CINAHL, Cochrane, Ebscohost, MEDLINE, Pubmed, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Science Direct and SPORTDiscus were searched for articles published prior to March 1, 2017.

Study Selection: Randomised, controlled, exercise trials involving at least 50% of women diagnosed with stage II+ breast cancer were included. Read More

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The Impact of Stigma on Community Reintegration of Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury and the Well-Being of Their Caregivers.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 3. Epub 2018 May 3.

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Mayo Clinic Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota; Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Objective: To assess the association between perceived stigma and discrimination and caregiver strain, caregiver well-being, and patient community reintegration.

Design: A cross-sectional survey study of 564 informal caregivers of U.S. Read More

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A Factor Analysis of Functional Independence and Functional Assessment Measure Scores Among Focal and Diffuse Brain Injury Patients: The Importance of Bifactor Models.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 30. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, College of Life Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Objective: To explore the factor structure of the UK Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure (FIM+FAM) among focal and diffuse acquired brain injury patients.

Design: Criterion standard.

Setting: A National Health Service acute acquired brain injury inpatient rehabilitation hospital. Read More

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Tracking Changes in Participation With Participation Measurement Scale in Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors in Africa.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Institute of Neuroscience, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium; Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department, University Hospital Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate responsiveness of the Participation Measurement Scale (PM-Scale) for the measurement of participation of stroke survivors.

Design: A 6-month observational study with 3 evaluation time points. Responsiveness of the PM-Scale was investigated over a period of 6 months. Read More

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Evidence of Generalized Muscle Stiffness in the Presence of Latent Trigger Points Within Infraspinatus.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI; Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI.

Objective: To evaluate stiffness of infraspinatus muscle tissue, both with and without latent trigger points, using ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE). The primary hypothesis is that muscle with a latent trigger point will demonstrate a discrete region of increased shear wave speed. The secondary hypothesis is that shear wave speed (SWS) in the region with the trigger point will be higher in patients compared with controls, and will be similar between the two groups in the uninvolved regions. Read More

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Knee Arthroplasty Patients Predicted versus Actual Recovery: What are their expectations about time of recovery following surgery and how long before they can do the tasks they want to do?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Physiotherapy Research Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK.

Objective: (1) To determine evidence-based guidance for the length of time to return to specific valued functional and leisure activities following knee arthroplasty (KA). (2) To determine what patients feel are the most important functional or leisure activities to recover after KA. (3) To collect information about patients' expectations and compare them to the actual time it takes to return. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Feasibility and Preliminary Validation of an Online Version of the Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Objective: To test the feasibility and validity of an online version of an established interview designed to determine a lifetime history of traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Design: Cross-sectional.

Setting: General community. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Balance Control and Energetics of Powered Exoskeleton-Assisted Sit-to-Stand Movement in Individuals With Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 28. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Institute of Electrical Control Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Objective: To quantify the effects of initial hip angle and angular hip velocity settings of a lower-limb wearable robotic exoskeleton (WRE) on the balance control and mechanical energy requirements in patients with paraplegic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) during WRE-assisted sit-to-stand (STS).

Design: Observational, cross-sectional study.

Setting: A university hospital gait laboratory with an 8-camera motion analysis system, 3 forceplates, a pair of instrumented crutches, and a WRE. Read More

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April 2018
4 Reads

Does Psychological Health Influence Hospital Length of Stay Following Total Knee Arthroplasty? A Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences, Musculoskeletal Health Research Group, Sydney, Australia; South Western Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, Australia; Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, Liverpool, Australia.

Objective: To systematically review the literature to determine if preoperative psychological health affected hospital length of stay among adults following primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty.

Data Sources: Systematic review. We searched 6 online databases for original research published before December 31, 2016, that investigated adults undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Read More

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