13,443 results match your criteria Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation[Journal]


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Acute Post-trauma Distress: A Randomized, Controlled, Proof-of-Concept Study among Hospitalized Adults with Burns.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Johns Hopkins Burn Center, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; Department of Surgery, Division of Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Objective: (1) To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Safety, Meaning, Activation and Resilience Training (SMART) intervention versus Non-Directive Supportive Psychotherapy (NDSP) in an acutely hospitalized adult burn survivor sample; (2) To assess the preliminary impact of SMART on Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)/Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depress Disorder (MDD) symptom reduction as secondary prevention.

Design: Proof-of-concept, parallel group, RCT design.

Setting: Regional burn center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.027DOI Listing
February 2019

Understanding Mental Health Needs After Mild Stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Randomized controlled trial of an online problem-solving intervention following adolescent traumatic brain injury: Family outcomes.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.

Objective: To examine parent/family outcomes of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing Teen Online Problem-Solving with Family (TOPS-F), Teen Online Problem-Solving- Teen Only (TOPS-TO), or access to internet resources alone (IRC).

Design: Three-arm randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Four children's hospitals and one general medical center in Ohio and Colorado. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between Spontaneous Swallowing Frequency at Admission, Dysphagia and Stroke Related Outcomes in Acute Care.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Swallowing Research Laboratory, University of Central Florida.

Objective: To expand the scope of prior spontaneous swallowing frequency analysis (SFA) studies, by evaluating the role of SFA in dysphagia-and stroke-related outcomes at acute stroke discharge.

Design: Period prevalence study SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital PARTICIPANTS: 96 patients with acute stroke.

Interventions: Subjects were screened for dysphagia using SFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Geriatric Rehabilitation shouldn't be an Oxymoron: A path forward.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

New England Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Division of Aging, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Older adults are the fastest growing segment of our population and contribute greatly to the high costs of healthcare. The primary concern among older adults seeking healthcare is maintaining or improving functional independence. This concern is the focus of both Rehabilitative Care and Geriatric Medicine; however, collaboration between these fields can be hampered by a lack of mutual understanding of the fundamental principles of the other field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.038DOI Listing
February 2019

Dynamic balance measurements can differentiate fallers from non-fallers in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of Comprehensive Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan.

Objectives: To investigate which clinical assessments are suitable for differentiating fallers from non-fallers in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH).

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Medical College Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.008DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Contextualized Treatment in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Effects on Outcomes During the First Year after Discharge.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of providing a greater percentage of therapy as contextualized treatment on acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation outcomes.

Design: Propensity score methods are applied to the TBI-Practice-Based Evidence (TBI-PBE) database, a database consisting of multi-site, prospective, longitudinal observational data.

Setting: Acute inpatient rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.037DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Allocation Concealment And Intention-To-Treat Analysis Do Not Influence The Treatment Effects Of Physical Therapy Interventions In Low Back Pain Trials: A Meta-Epidemiological Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo. Rua Cesário Galeno 448, Tatuapé, São Paulo, SP, CEP 03071-000, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate if allocation concealment and intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis influence the treatment effects of physical therapy interventions in low back pain trials.

Data Sources: We searched on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro and CINAHL up to February 2017.

Study Selection: We included low back pain trials that compared physical therapy interventions to placebo or no intervention or minimal intervention with pain or disability outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.036DOI Listing
January 2019

Sensor measures of symmetry quantify upper limb movement in the natural environment across the lifespan.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Washington University School of Medicine, Program in Physical Therapy.

Knowledge of upper limb activity in the natural environment is critical for evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation services. Wearable sensors allow efficient collection of these data, and have the potential to be less burdensome than self-report measures of activity. Sensors can capture many different variables of activity and daily performance, many of which could be useful in identifying deviation from typical movement behavior and/or measuring outcomes from rehabilitation interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness of Physical Therapy Combined with Epidural Steroid Injection for Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Randomized Parallel-Group Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

School of Physical Therapy, Regis University, Denver, CO, USA; Department of Physical Therapy, Franklin Pierce University, Manchester, NH, USA; Rehabilitation Services, Concord Hospital, NH, USA.

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of epidural steroid injection (ESI) and back education with and without physical therapy (PT) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).

Design: Randomized clinical trial.

Setting: Orthopaedic spine clinics. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.035DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Improving walking ability in people with neurological conditions: A theoretical framework for biomechanics driven exercise prescription.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

The purpose of this paper is to discuss how knowledge of the biomechanics of walking can be used to inform the prescription of resistance exercises for people with mobility limitations. Muscle weakness is a key physical impairment that limits walking in commonly occurring neurological conditions such as cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Few randomised trials to date have shown conclusively that strength training improves walking in people living with these conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Relationship Between Observational Wisconsin Gait Scale, Gait Deviation Index And Gait Variability Index In Individuals After Stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Laboratory of Kinematics and Robotics IRCCS San Camillo Hospital, Venezia, Italy.

Objective: To compare results of the observational Wisconsin Gait Scale (WGS) and global gait indexes such as GDI/GVI, constituting an objective method of assessing gait, and taking into account parameters identified during 3-dimensional gait analysis.

Design: A validation study.

Setting: Rehabilitation Clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.031DOI Listing
January 2019

Treatment Documentation in Practice-Based Evidence Research for Patients Receiving Physical Therapy Due to Lymphedema.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

School of Medicine, University of Utah.

Objectives: To describe development and testing of a physical therapy treatment code documentation taxonomy.

Design: Clinician survey within a practice-based evidence (PBE) study framework for patients with lymphedema.

Setting: Outpatient physical therapy clinics within a large public healthcare service using a central electronic medical record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Meta-analyzability concerns in meta-analyses.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wan-Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Many studies to date have conducted a meta-analysis on a mix of effectiveness and superiority studies. This methodological flaw will lead to difficulties in interpreting the results. We addressed this issue in this article, illustrated our point with a simulated experiment, and re-analyzed a recent meta-analysis study based on the effectiveness-superiority dichotomy to provide a real-world correlate of our point of view. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical Determinants of Fitness to Drive in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis: Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Professor and Dean. Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, School of Health Professions, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States.

Objective: To critically appraise the evidence for the clinical determinants of fitness to drive in adults with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Data Sources: The research librarian and lead author searched seven databases for driving simulator and on-road studies for adults with MS published in the English language from 1991 to 2018.

Study Selection: Three reviewers independently screened titles/abstracts and full-texts for studies with: cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional designs; participants, 18 years or older, with relapsing or progressive MS; visual, cognitive, or motor clinical assessments as predictors; and driving performance through simulator or fitness to drive through on-road assessment as outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.029DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness and Superiority of Rehabilitative Treatments in Enhancing Motor Recovery Within 6 Months Poststroke: A Systemic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 26;100(2):366-378. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wan-Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the effects of various rehabilitative interventions aimed at enhancing poststroke motor recovery by assessing their effectiveness when compared with no treatment or placebo and their superiority when compared with conventional training program (CTP).

Data Source: A literature search was based on 19 Cochrane reviews and 26 other reviews. We also updated the searches in PubMed up to September 30, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.123DOI Listing
February 2019

Robot-Assisted Reach Training With an Active Assistant Protocol for Long-Term Upper Extremity Impairment Poststroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 26;100(2):213-219. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Rehabilitative and Assistive Technology, National Rehabilitation Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess whether robot-assisted reach training (RART) with an active assistant protocol can improve upper extremity function and kinematic performance in chronic stroke survivors.

Design: This study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial.

Setting: National rehabilitation center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Differences in length of stay and costs between comparable hospitalizations of patients with spina bifida with or without pressure injuries.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Rare Disorders and Health Outcomes Team, Division of Human Development and Disability, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Objective: To estimate differences in the length of stay and costs for comparable hospitalizations of patients with spina bifida (SB) with and without pressure injuries.

Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study.

Setting: Nationwide Inpatient Sample from years 2010 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.033DOI Listing
January 2019

The Impact of Timing of Physical Therapy for Acute Low Back Pain on Health Services Utilization: A Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics, Division of Physical Therapy, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: To synthesize literature about the impact of early physical therapy (PT) for acute low back pain (LBP) on subsequent health services utilization (HSU), compared to delayed PT or usual care.

Data Sources: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE) were searched from their inception to May 2018.

Study Selection: Study selection included randomized control trials and prospective and retrospective cohort studies that investigated the association between early PT and HSU compared to delayed PT or usual care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.025DOI Listing
January 2019

Swallow screen associated with airway protection and dysphagia after acute stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Objective: The goal was to examine the outcomes of an existing swallow screen protocol in comparison to results from a formal videofluoroscopic protocol.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Acute hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.032DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Resilience Among Caregivers of Injured Service Members: Finding the Strengths in Caregiving.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

School of Health Professions, UAB-Lakeshore Research Collaborative, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB).

Objective: To examine the relationships between caregiver resilience and a comprehensive set of sociodemographic and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) predictors among both caregivers and injured service members.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of an observational cohort.

Setting: Community dwelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.027DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess barriers to physical activity after stroke: the BArriers to Physical Activity after Stroke scale (BAPAS).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Service de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, CHU de Caen, France; Université de Normandie UNICAEN, INSERM UMR-SU1077, Neuropsychologie et Imagerie de la Mémoire Humaine, Caen , France.

Objective: To develop and validate a self-reported questionnaire assessing the barriers to physical activity (PA) among stroke survivors.

Design: Psychometric study.

Setting: Ambulatory stroke care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.034DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Survival in 222 patients with severe cervical spinal cord injuries: an 8-year epidemiological survey in Western China.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Objective: To assess the survival and the predictors of mortality in patients with severe cervical spinal cord injuries DESIGN: Retrospective study PARTICIPANTS: From January 1, 2010 to May 31, 2018, 222 patients who suffered from severe cervical spinal cord injuries in Western China were enrolled in this study.

Interventions: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival rates and mortality risk factors. Measures were calculated by the product-limit method (Kaplan-Meier) and the Cox model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.030DOI Listing
January 2019
2.565 Impact Factor

Use of Hospital-Based Rehabilitation Services and Hospital Readmission following Ischemic Stroke in the United States.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Health Services, Policy & Practices, School of Public Health, Brown University; Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objective: To examine the association between hospital-based rehabilitation service use and all-cause 30-day hospital readmission among patients with ischemic stroke.

Design: Secondary analysis of inpatient Medicare claims data using Standard Analytical File.

Setting: Acute Hospitals across the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.028DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads
2.565 Impact Factor

Toward accurate clinical spasticity assessment: Validation of movement speed and joint angle assessments using Smartphones and camera tracking.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Physiotherapy, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne; Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.

Objective: To investigate whether a three-dimensional camera (Microsoft Kinect) and a Smartphone can be used to accurately quantify the joint angular velocity and range of motion (ROM) compared to a criterion standard three-dimensional motion analysis system during a lower limb spasticity assessment.

Design: Observational, criterion standard comparison study.

Setting: Large rehabilitation centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.026DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Does unilateral lower limb amputation influence ankle joint torque in the intact leg?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Laboratoire d'Automatique, de Mécanique, et d'Informatique industrielles et Humaines (LAMIH) - UMR CNRS 8201, Université Polytechnique Hauts-de-France (UPHF), F-59313 Valenciennes, France.

Objective: To investigate ankle torque and steadiness in the intact leg of transtibial and transfemoral unilateral amputees.

Design: Comparative study.

Setting: Medical rehabilitation centers. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.023DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The Active Ingredient of Cognitive Restoration: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial of Sequential Combination of Aerobic Exercise and Computer-Based Cognitive Training in Stroke Survivors With Cognitive Decline.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Occupational Therapy and Graduate Institute of Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of a sequential combination of aerobic exercise and cognitive training on cognitive function and other health-related outcomes in stroke survivors with cognitive decline.

Design: Intervention study and randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Hospital-based rehabilitation units. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.020DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Non-linguistic cognitive factors predict treatment-induced recovery in chronic post-stroke aphasia.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Boston University, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215.

Objective: To determine if pre-treatment non-linguistic cognition predicted language treatment outcomes and if so, which specific non-linguistic cognitive subskills predicted naming therapy outcomes.

Design: Retrospective.

Setting: Research clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.024DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Reproducibility of the Kids-BESTest and the Kids-Mini-BESTest for Children With Cerebral Palsy.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Physiotherapy, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility, including reliability and agreement, of the Kids Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Kids-BESTest) and the short form of Kids-BESTest (Kids-Mini-BESTest) for measuring postural control in school-aged children with cerebral palsy.

Design: Psychometric study of intrarater, interrater, and test-retest reliability and agreement.

Setting: Clinical laboratory and home. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Clinical Features of Disorders of Consciousness in Young Children.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objectives: To investigate behavioral and demographic features of levels of consciousness in young children with brain injury, including the classifications of consciousness: conscious state (CS), minimally conscious state (MCS), and vegetative state (VS), and to investigate the course of recovery in children with disorders of consciousness (DOC).

Design: Retrospective chart review and post hoc analysis.

Setting: Pediatric inpatient rehabilitation unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.022DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Association of patterns of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity bouts with pain, physical fatigue and disease severity in women with fibromyalgia: the al-Ándalus project.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Objectives: i) To examine the associations of non-bouted moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and patterns of MVPA in bouts ≥ 10 min with pain, physical fatigue and disease severity in women with fibromyalgia, and test whether these associations are independent of sedentary time (ST) and physical fitness (PF).

Design: Cross-sectional study carried out from November 2011 to January 2013 SETTING: University facilities and fibromyalgia associations.

Participants: 439 (51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.019DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
2.565 Impact Factor

Rehabilitation exercises reduce re-injury post-ankle sprain, but the content and parameters of an optimal exercise program have yet to be established: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Associate Professor, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: To determine if exercise-based rehabilitation reduces re-injury following acute ankle sprain. Our secondary objective was to assess if rehabilitation efficacy varies according to exercise content and training volume.

Data Sources: The following electronic databases were searched: EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.005DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Drug Treatment, Postural Control, and Falls: An Observational Cohort Study of 504 Patients With Acute Stroke, the Fall Study of Gothenburg.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: To identify whether, and to what extent, treatment with cardiovascular drugs and neurotropic drugs are associated with postural control and falls in patients with acute stroke.

Design: Observational cohort study.

Setting: A stroke unit at a university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.018DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cognitive and Motor Recovery and Predictors of Long-Term Outcome in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University Health Network, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: To explore the patterns of cognitive and motor recovery at 4 time points from admission to 9 months after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation (IR) and to investigate the association of therapeutic factors and conditions before and after discharge with long-term outcomes.

Design: Secondary analysis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and practice-based evidence dataset.

Setting: IR in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.023DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A Prospective Longitudinal Study of Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms After Dysvascular Amputation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Rehabilitation Care Service, Seattle, WA; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Objectives: Characterize the course of depressive symptoms during the first year after dysvascular amputation and identify factors that predict symptom trajectories.

Design: Prospective cohort study of individuals undergoing lower extremity amputation (LEA), surveyed at 4 time points (perioperative period, 6 weeks, 4 months, and 12 months postamputation). Multilevel modeling was used to describe and predict trajectories. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183159
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.024DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Are People With Joint Hypermobility Syndrome Slow to Strengthen?

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 30. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Therapies, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom; Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objectives: To investigate whether the rate of change of muscle strength in people with joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) who have anterior knee pain (AKP) differs when compared to 2 control groups who have AKP and to evaluate the relationship between strength and pain as well as the effect of strength upon activity and knee function.

Design: A cohort study, with 3 groups: JHS with AKP, generalized joint hypermobility with AKP (GJH), and normal flexibility with AKP (control group [CG]). Follow-up appointments were performed every 2 weeks for 16 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.021DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Inadequate Postoperative Energy Intake Relative to Total Energy Requirements Diminishes Acute Phase Functional Recovery From Hip Fracture.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Jan 4;100(1):32-38. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Community Health Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Tomogaoka, Sumaku, Kobe, Japan.

Objective: To investigate whether postoperative voluntary energy intake (EI) affects functional recovery with hip fracture during the acute phase.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Three acute care hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.06.012DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Self-Report of Outpatient Therapy Dose at 6 and 12 Months After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, PA.

Objective: Determine agreement between self-reported dose and dose reflected in administrative records of outpatient physical, occupational, and speech therapies at 6 and 12 months after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), for the purpose of examining accuracy and predictors of accuracy of self-reported health care utilization in this population.

Design: Secondary analysis of survey used in a larger study; participants were queried about therapy doses using a structured interview, either alone or assisted by relatives if they so chose, with responses compared to administrative records.

Setting: Rehabilitation center providing outpatient TBI therapies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.018DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Goal Setting and Achievement in Individualized Rehabilitation of Younger Total and Unicondylar Knee Arthroplasty Patients: A Cohort Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Foundation for Orthopedic Research, Care and Education, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate activity goals, intensity and achievement of these activity goals in younger knee arthroplasty (KA) patients, and to identify the differences between total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) patients.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Department of orthopedic surgery and physical therapy practices. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183155
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.019DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Effectiveness of the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Method on Gait Parameters in Patients With Stroke: A Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Faculty of Education and Health Sciences, School of Allied Health, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland; Multiple Sclerosis Society of Ireland, Western Regional Office, Galway, Ireland.

Objective: To review the current evidence for the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques on gait parameters in patients with stroke.

Data Sources: The electronic platforms of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched using the relevant search terms.

Study Selection: Intervention studies that had gait parameters as an outcome and in which PNF techniques were used in a poststroke population were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.020DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Culture, Health, Function, and Participation Among American Indian and Alaska Native Children and Youth With Disabilities: An Exploratory Qualitative Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA.

Objective: To investigate the influence of traditional culture on health, disability, and health care services among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and youth with disabilities.

Design: Exploratory descriptive qualitative analysis.

Setting: Tertiary children's hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.016DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Psychometric Evaluation of the Improved Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

National Institutes of Health Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Bethesda, MD.

Objective: To assess psychometric properties of the improved Work Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB 2.0).

Design: Longitudinal study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.125DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Advanced Therapy in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Effects on Outcomes During the First Year after Discharge.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

Objective: To use causal inference methods to determine if receipt of a greater proportion inpatient rehabilitation treatment focused on higher level functions, e.g. executive functions, ambulating over uneven surfaces (Advanced Therapy, AdvTx) results in better rehabilitation outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.015DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Associations of Participation-Focused Strategies and Rehabilitation Service Use With Caregiver Stress After Pediatric Critical Illness.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Objective(s): Determine the associations between having participation-focused strategies and receiving rehabilitation services in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with caregiver stress over 6 months post-PICU discharge.

Design: Substudy of a data from Wee-Cover, a prospective cohort study.

Setting: Two PICU sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.017DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Trunk Muscle Composition 2 Months After Hip Fracture: Findings From the Baltimore Hip Studies.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Division of Gerontology in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Objective: To determine if hip fracture patients would have smaller cross-sectional area (CSA) and lower radiological attenuation (suggesting greater fat infiltration) in all trunk muscles as compared to older adults without hip fractures.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of computed tomography (CT) scans.

Setting: Clinical imaging facility. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183153
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.023DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

System-wide Clinical Assessment of Functioning Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in China: Interrater Reliability, Convergent, Known Group, and Predictive Validity of the ICF Generic-6.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To validate the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Generic-6 in daily routine clinical practice in Mainland China. Specific objectives were to analyze (1) interrater reliability, (2) convergent validity, (3) known group validity, and (4) predictive validity of the ICF Generic-6.

Design: Multicenter prospective cohort study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183152
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.014DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Eccentric Arm Cycling: A Potential Exercise for Wheelchair Users.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Kinesiology and Integrative Physiology, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI; Department of Physical Therapy, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare metabolic, cardiorespiratory, and perceptual responses to acute eccentric and traditional concentric arm cycling in a cohort of wheelchair users.

Design: Single-group repeated measures.

Setting: Exercise physiology laboratory. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183151
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.013DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Efficacy of Participation-Focused Therapy on Performance of Physical Activity Participation Goals and Habitual Physical Activity in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of a participation-focused therapy (ParticiPAte CP) on leisure-time physical activity goal performance and satisfaction and habitual physical activity (HPA) in children with CP.

Design: Randomized waitlist-controlled trial.

Setting: Home and community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.012DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Exercise Therapy in Addition to an Orthosis Reduces Pain More Than an Orthosis Alone in Patients With Thumb Base Osteoarthritis: A Propensity Score Matching Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To compare the effect of exercises and orthotics with orthotics alone on pain and hand function in patients with first carpometacarpal joint (CMC-1) osteoarthritis (OA) and to predict outcomes on pain and hand function of exercises and orthotics.

Design: Prospective cohort study with propensity score matching.

Setting: Data collection took place in 13 outpatient clinics for hand surgery and hand therapy in The Netherlands. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993183151
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.010DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads