13,807 results match your criteria Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation[Journal]


Analysis of the Microbiota of the Physiotherapist's Environment.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Physical Therapy Department. CEU San Pablo University, CEU Universities. Madrid. Spain.

Objetive: To analyse the microbiota of the physiotherapist´s work environment to understand the existing potential risks in order to adopt appropriate preventive measures.

Design: Cross-sectional descriptive observational study.

Setting: Physiotherapist´s working environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.06.006DOI Listing

Measurement properties of isokinetic dynamometry for assessment of shoulder muscle strength: a systematic review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Objective: To investigate the evidence of measurement properties of isokinetic dynamometry (ID) for assessment of shoulder muscle strength in healthy individuals and patients with non-neurological shoulder pathology.

Data Sources: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Pubmed, EMBASE, and PEDro were searched up to February 2020 without restrictions. Reference lists and citations were hand-searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.06.005DOI Listing

Prediction of psychological distress among persons with spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury and their significant others.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, The Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Rehabilitation, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify intra-personal and inter-personal sociodemographic, injury-related and psychological variables measured at admission of inpatient rehabilitation that predict psychological distress among dyads of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) or acquired brain injury (ABI) and their significant others (i.e., persons close to the individual with a disability, mostly family members) six months after discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.023DOI Listing

Cardiac Rehabilitation during quarantine in COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges for Center based programs.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Preventive Medicine and Physical Activity Centre and Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada; Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada; Research Centre, Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, many cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services and programs are stopped. Because CR is a Class I level A recommendation with clinical benefits that are now well documented, the cessation of CR programs can lead to dramatic consequences in terms of public health. We proposed here a viewpoint of significant interest about the sudden need to develop remote home-based CR programs both in clinical research and in clinical care routine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319913PMC

Longitudinal Monitoring of Pain Associated Distress with the Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome Yellow Flag (OSPRO-YF) Tool: Predicting Reduction Pain Intensity and Disability.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Duke Clinical Research Institute and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Duke University.

Objective: To investigate the Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome Yellow Flag (OSPRO-YF) tool for longitudinal monitoring of pain associated distress with the goal of improving prediction of 50% reduction in pain intensity and disability outcomes.

Design: Cohort study with 12-month follow-up after initial care episode SETTING: Ambulatory care, participants seeking care from out-patient physical therapy clinics PARTICIPANTS: Participants were seeking care for primary complaint of neck, low back, knee or shoulder pain. This secondary analysis included 440 subjects (62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.025DOI Listing

Suitability of YouTube Videos for Learning Knee Stability Tests: A Cross-sectional Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To verify the suitability and reliability of YouTube videos pertaining to the five most commonly used knee stability tests for educational purposes.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: YouTube videos were categorized into two groups according to their sources: professional and non-professional groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.024DOI Listing

Self-efficacy predicts personal and family adjustment among persons with spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury and their significant others: A dyadic approach.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, the Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Rehabilitation, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate if the combination of self-efficacy levels of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) or acquired brain injury (ABI) and their significant others, measured shortly after the start of inpatient rehabilitation, predict their personal and family adjustment six months after inpatient discharge.

Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Setting: Twelve Dutch rehabilitation centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training in patients with fibromyalgia: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 22. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Corum, Turkey.

Objective: To compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) combined with strengthening and stretching exercises in patients with fibromyalgia.

Design: Interventional, single-blinded, randomized-controlled trial.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.022DOI Listing

Response to Letter Regarding "How Should the Rehabilitation Community Prepare for 2019-nCoV?"

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, National University Singapore Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304392PMC

In Memoriam: Carl V. Granger.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jul;101(7):1267-1268

Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation, Amherst, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.03.004DOI Listing

Efficacy and safety of lower-limb progressive resistance exercise for patients with total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Orthopedics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) for patients with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a meta-analysis.

Data Sources: PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane's Library, and EMBASE databases.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of PRE on mobility and function in TKA patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.021DOI Listing

Predictors of discharge settings following total knee arthroplasty in Medicare patients.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tx; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tx; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University; School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh; Department of Preventative Medicine & Population Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tx; Division of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tx; College of Health and Human Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, Colorado State University.

Objectives: To determine the factors associated with acute hospital discharge to the three most common post-acute settings following TKA (Total Knee Arthroplasty): inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs), skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and directly back to the community.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Acute care hospitals submitting claims to Medicare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.019DOI Listing

Gait change in dual-task as a behavioral marker to detect mild cognitive impairment in the elderly-A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

School of Nursing, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: To systematically summarize the evidence of gait tests as screening tools for mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Data Sources: Electronic database searches were conducted in PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane, Web of Science, OVID, CNKI, WanFang, and SinoMed, and studies published before November 30th, 2018 were included.

Study Selection: Synonyms of MCI, gait, and cognitive-motor interference (CMI) were searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.020DOI Listing

Data mining to understand how health status preceding traumatic brain injury affects functional outcome: A population-based sex-stratified study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

KITE-Toronto Rehab, University Health Network; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto; Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, University of Toronto; ICES.

Objectives: To understand how health status preceding traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects relative functional gain after inpatient rehabilitation using a data mining approach.

Design: Population-based, sex-stratified, retrospective cohort study using health administrative data from Ontario, Canada (39% of the Canadian population).

Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.017DOI Listing

Association between Motor Subtype and Visuospatial and Executive Function in Mild-Moderate Parkinson's Disease.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics; Emory University School of Medicine Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of Physical Therapy; Atlanta VA Center for Visual & Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Decatur, GA. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare participants with Parkinson's disease (PD) motor subtypes, postural instability with gait difficulty (PIGD) (n=46) and tremor dominant (TD) (n=28) in cognitive and motor-cognitive assessments with the purpose of identifying associations between subtype and visuospatial, whole-body spatial, inhibition/switching, and planning/organizational aspects of cognitive and motor-cognitive function.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables, while two-sample independent t tests were used to analyze continuous variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.018DOI Listing

The Long-Term Effects of COVID-19 on Dysphagia Evaluation and Treatment.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Laboratory for Biological Architecture, Research Service, Providence VAMC, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7286637PMC

Quality of Life and the Health System: a 22-Country Comparison of the Situation of People with Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Nesoddtangen, Norway.

Objective: To analyze and compare how performance indicators of the health system are linked to the self-reported quality of life (QoL) of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in 22 countries participating in the International Spinal Cord (InSCI) community survey.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: 22 countries representing all six WHO regions, community setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.030DOI Listing

Cohort profile of the International Spinal Cord Injury (InSCI) Community Survey implemented in 22 countries.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Swiss Paraplegic Research, Guido A. Zäch Institute, Nottwil, Switzerland; Department of Health Sciences and Medicine, University of Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland; ICF Research Branch, a Cooperation Partner within the WHO Collaborating Center for the Family of International Classifications in Germany, Nottwil, Switzerland.

Objective: To detail the methodological features of the first International Spinal Cord Injury (InSCI) community survey by describing recruitment and data collection procedures, and to report on the recruitment results and basic characteristics of participants by country and income setting.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: 22 countries representing all six WHO regions, community setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.022DOI Listing

A Comparison of Diagnostic Stability of the ASIA Impairment Scale versus Frankel Classification Systems for Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri; Howard A. Rusk Rehabilitation Hospital, Columbia, Missouri.

Objective: To determine if the "sacral sparing" definition for completeness of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a more stable definition than the previously used Frankel Classification.

Design: Retrospective analysis of persons enrolled in the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems (SCIMS) database from 2011-2018.

Setting: SCIMS centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.016DOI Listing

Role of Rehabilitation Department for Adult Individuals With COVID-19: The Experience of the San Raffaele Hospital of Milan.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Infectious Disease, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.

The rapid evolution of the health emergency linked to the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 requires specifications for the rehabilitative management of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The symptomatic evolution of patients with COVID-19 is characterized by 2 phases: an acute phase in which respiratory symptoms prevail and a postacute phase in which patients can show symptoms related to prolonged immobilization, to previous and current respiratory dysfunctions, and to cognitive and emotional disorders. Thus, there is the need for specialized rehabilitative care for these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272153PMC

Estimation of Physical Activity Intensity in Spinal Cord Injury Using a Wrist-Worn ActiGraph Monitor.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Technology, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, PA; Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veteran Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address:

Objective: To derive accelerometer count thresholds for classifying time spent in sedentary, light-intensity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in manual wheelchair users (MWUs) with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: Participants completed 18 activities of daily living and exercises for 10 minutes each with a 3-minute break between activities while wearing a Cosmed-k4b2 portable metabolic cart (COSMED, srl., Rome, Italy) and an ActiGraph activity monitor (ActiGraph, LLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.014DOI Listing

Environmental barriers experienced by people with spinal cord injury across 22 countries: Results from a cross-sectional survey.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Medical Rehabilitation Clinic, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Objective: To investigate the experience of environmental barriers by people with spinal cord injury (SCI) across 22 countries. Specific aims were to describe and compare the prevalence of environmental barriers experienced across countries, and to analyze determinants of environmental barriers at the individual and country levels.

Design: Cross-sectional community survey Participants: 12,591 individuals living with SCI in the community participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.027DOI Listing

What is the impact of engaging with natural environments delivered via virtual reality on the psycho-emotional health of people with spinal cord injury receiving rehabilitation in hospital? Findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Spinal Life Australia, 109 Logan Road, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia, 4102.

Objectives: This study investigated (i) the impact of engaging with 20 minute simulated natural environments delivered via virtual reality (VR) on current mood state, and (ii) the impact of engaging with multiple VR sessions over a period of a week on the depressive symptoms of people with a SCI.

Design: A randomized controlled trial design was utilised.

Setting: Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Unit in Australia PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=24) were assigned to a group engaging in VR sessions during week 1 (Group 1, n=10), or week 2 (Group 2, n=14). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.013DOI Listing
June 2020
2.565 Impact Factor

Modified PRISM and SCI-SET Spasticity Measures for Persons with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: Results of a Rasch Analyses.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Crawford Research Institute, Shepherd Center, Atlanta, GA; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Program in Applied Physiology, School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.

Objective: Evaluate the psychometric properties of the SCI-SET and PRISM using Rasch analysis to optimize their validity and efficiency.

Design: Rasch analysis of the SCI-SET and PRISM represents a secondary analysis of data collected as part of a collaborative research project of the SCI Model Systems Centers. The overall survey was organized into four sections: 1) participant demographics and injury characteristics, 2) participant experiences of spasticity, 3) SCI-SET, and 4) PRISM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.012DOI Listing
June 2020
2.565 Impact Factor

Determinants of Recurrent Falls After Stroke: A One-Year Follow-Up of The Fall Study of Gothenburg.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Region Västra Götaland, Department of Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Gothenburg; Department of Rehabilitation, Clinical Science, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.

Objective: To identify the occurrence of recurrent falls and the determinants in the acute phase post stroke that are associated with recurrent falls within the first year after stroke onset.

Design: Prospective follow-up study.

Setting: Stroke unit and community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Efficacy and safety of MT10107 (Coretox®) in post-stroke upper limb spasticity treatment: A randomized, double-blind, active drug-controlled, multi-center, phase III clinical trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of MT10107 (Coretox®) with those of onabotulinum toxin A (Botox®) in patients with post-stroke upper limb spasticity DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, active drug-controlled, multi-center, phase III clinical trial SETTING: Seven university hospitals in the Republic of Korea PARTICIPANTS: A total of 220 patients with post-stroke upper limb spasticity INTERVENTIONS: All participants received a single injection of either MT10107 (Coretox group) or onabotulinum toxin A (Botox group).

Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was change in wrist flexor spasticity from baseline to week 4 and was assessed using the modified Ashworth scale (MAS). The secondary outcomes were MAS scores for wrist, elbow, and finger flexors; percentage of treatment responders (response rate); Disability Assessment Scale (DAS) score, and global assessment of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.03.025DOI Listing

Phenotypic characteristics of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease after stratification for the Short Physical Performance Battery summary score.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Research and Development, CIRO, Horn, the Netherlands; Reval Rehabilitation Research - Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the phenotypic characteristics of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) after stratification for Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) summary scores and to determine phenotypic characteristics of the SPPB summary score at the start of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR).

Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional.

Setting: Baseline assessment for PR program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.011DOI Listing

Factors associated with healthy-related quality of life in people living with partial foot or transtibial amputation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Discipline of Prosthetics and Orthotics. Department of Physiotherapy, Podiatry, and Prosthetics and Orthotics. School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sports. La Trobe University.

Objectives: To determine which demographic, amputation, and health-related factors were associated with health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in people living with partial foot (PFA) or transtibial amputation (TTA).

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.026DOI Listing

Response by Xie et al to Letter Regarding Article "Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Gait and Freezing of Gait in Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis".

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jun;101(6):1098

Department of Rehabilitation, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.002DOI Listing

Assessing the Ability of Comorbidity Indexes to Capture Comorbid Disease in the Inpatient Rehabilitation Spinal Cord Injury Population.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Objective: To examine whether commonly used comorbidity indexes (Deyo-Charlson comorbidity index, Elixhauser comorbidity index, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services [CMS] comorbidity tiers) capture comorbidities in the acute traumatic and nontraumatic SCI inpatient rehabilitation population.

Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study.

Participants: Data were obtained from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 for adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) (Medicare-established Impairment Group Codes 04. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.025DOI Listing

Challenge for Rehabilitation After Hospitalization for COVID-19.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247799PMC

COVID-19: We All Have a Role.

Authors:
Vishwa S Raj

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Carolinas Rehabilitation, Charlotte, NC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247503PMC

Comparison of removable rigid dressing and elastic bandage for residual limb maturation in transtibial amputees: a randomized controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To determine the effect of a removable rigid dressing (RRD) on the time to residual limb maturation compared with elastic bandage (EB) in transtibial amputees.

Design: Experimental single-blinded (assessor-blinded) randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.009DOI Listing

Case-control study of ultrasound evaluation of acute median nerve response to upper extremity circuit training in spinal cord injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL.

Case-control study of ultrasound evaluation of acute median nerve response to upper-extremity circuit training in spinal cord injury. Individuals with Spinal cord injury (SCI) often present signs and symptoms of median nerve (MN) pathology. Pre-clinical signs identification of MN pathology might facilitate early intervention to prevent or delay CTS in SCI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.05.008DOI Listing

Construct Validity of the Chilean-Spanish Version of the Functional Status Score for the Intensive Care Unit: A Prospective Observational Study Using Actigraphy in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

School of Physical Therapy, Facultad de Medicina, Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.

Objective: To evaluate the construct validity (hypotheses testing) of the Chilean-Spanish version of the Functional Status Score for the Intensive Care Unit (FSS-ICU) using continuous actigraphy from intensive care unit (ICU) admission to ICU discharge.

Design: The Chilean-Spanish version of the FSS-ICU was used in a prospective observational study to mainly evaluate its correlation with actigraphy variables. The FSS-ICU was assessed on awakening and at ICU discharge, while actigraphy variables were recorded from ICU admission to ICU discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.019DOI Listing

Challenges of Developing a Natural Language Processing Method with Electronic Health Records to Identify Persons with Chronic Mobility Disability.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Health Policy Research Center-Mongan Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the utility of applying natural language processing (NLP) to electronic health records (EHRs) to identify individuals with chronic mobility disability.

Design: We used EHRs from the Research Patient Data Repository, which contains EHRs from a large Massachusetts health care delivery system. This analysis was part of a larger study assessing the effects of disability on diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.024DOI Listing

Predictors of Physical Therapy Referral Among Persons With Peripheral Vestibular Disorders in the United States.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Objective: To determine the rate of physical therapy (PT) referral and patient and physician characteristics associated with PT referral for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and other peripheral vestibular disorders (PVD) in ambulatory care clinics in the United States.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey 2004-2015 SETTING: Ambulatory care clinics in the United States.

Participants: We identified 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.016DOI Listing

Comparison of the Effects of Vapocoolant Spray and Topical Anesthetic Cream on Pain During Intraarticular Injection of the Shoulder: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.

Objective: This study was performed to compare the effects of a vapocoolant spray and a eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) cream on reducing pain during intra-articular (IA) injection of the shoulder.

Design: Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Setting: University hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.021DOI Listing

The effect of exercise on cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with chronic spinal cord injury: A systematic review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department for Health, University of Bath. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effects of exercise on individual cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors in adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI).

Data Sources: English language searches of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus (01/01/1970 to 31/07/2019).

Study Selection: Articles were included if they met the following criteria: (1) original articles with statistical analysis, (2) participants were adults with a SCI sustained ≥ 1-year ago, (3) exercise intervention duration ≥ 2 weeks, and (4) included any CMS risk factor as an outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.020DOI Listing

Discrete and dynamic postoperative pain catastrophizing trajectories across 6 months: A prospective observational study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Defense and Veterans Center for Integrative Pain Management, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University, Rockville, MD USA; The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, MD USA.

Objective: To investigate pain catastrophizing presentations up to 6-months postoperatively and subsequent changes in pain intensity and physical function.

Design: Prospective observational multisite study SETTING: Two tertiary care facilities between 2016 and 2019 PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing a mastectomy, thoracic surgery, total knee or hip arthroplasty, spinal fusion, or major abdominal surgery.

Interventions: Not applicable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.023DOI Listing

Respiratory muscle training improves strength and decreases the risk of respiratory complications in stroke survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Medical Department, Xinhong Community Health Service Center, Minhang District, Shanghai, 201107, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of respiratory muscle training in a population of stroke patients.

Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL and CNKI databases were searched for clinical trials up to December 2019.

Study Selection: Nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.017DOI Listing

Sex Differences in Emotional Insight After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Applied Linguistics, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada.

Objective: To compare sex differences in alexithymia (poor emotional processing) in males and females with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and uninjured controls.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: TBI rehabilitation facility in the United States and a university in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.018DOI Listing

The Influence of Tobacco Use, Alcohol Consumption, and Weight Gain on Development of Secondary Musculoskeletal Injury after Lower Limb Amputation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

DoD-VA Extremity Trauma & Amputation Center of Excellence, San Diego, CA; The Department of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Objective: To evaluate whether tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and weight gain are associated with the diagnosis of overuse musculoskeletal injuries within the first 12 months following lower limb amputation.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Military treatment facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.022DOI Listing

Function and Quality of Life of Unilateral Major Upper Limb Amputees: Effect of Prosthesis Use and Type.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Objective: To compare patient-reported outcomes of disability, activity difficulty, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by prosthetic device use and configuration and to identify factors associated with these outcomes.

Design: Telephone survey.

Setting: General community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.003DOI Listing

Quality of Rehabilitation Clinical Practice Guidelines: An Overview Study of AGREE II Appraisals.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Strauss Health Sciences Library, University of Colorado, Aurora CO.

Objective: To evaluate the quality of rehabilitation Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG), specifically with respect to their applicability.

Data Sources: The Medline, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for papers published between 2017 and 2019 that applied the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II) CPG quality assessment tool to rehabilitation CPGs.

Study Selection: Deduplicated abstracts (N=449) were independently screened by 2 authors, resulting in 47 articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.03.022DOI Listing

Effect of Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation at the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex on the Cognitive Function in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Neuroscience Center, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Objectives: To study the effect of anodal transcranial direct stimulation (atDCS) of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on cognitive function and side effects in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

Design: Experimental double-blind randomized, sham-controlled trial.

Setting: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital PARTICIPANTS: Volunteers (N=45) with mild cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.03.023DOI Listing

Mental Simulation Practice Has Beneficial Effects on Patients' Physical Function Following Lower Limb Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Science and Research Centre, Institute for Kinesiology Research, Koper, Slovenia; Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of mental simulation practice (MSP) on measures of physical function recovery in patients who have undergone a joint replacement surgery of lower limbs.

Data Sources: A systematic review was conducted using CINAHL, PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar from the earliest record until August 16, 2019.

Study Selection: The following inclusion criteria were used to determine eligibility for studies: (1) randomized and matched controlled trials recruiting men and women who underwent primary unilateral joint arthroplasty; (2) the study examined the effects of MSP intervention on measures of physical function recovery (both performance-based and patient self-reported); and (3) measures of interest were compared between MSP and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.004DOI Listing

Association of Initial Provider Type on Opioid Fills for Individuals With Neck Pain.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Health Law, Policy, and Management, Health Outcomes Unit, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether the initial care provider for neck pain was associated with opioid use for individuals with neck pain.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Marketscan research databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.002DOI Listing