131 results match your criteria Archives of medical sciences. Atherosclerotic diseases[Journal]


Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and platelet to lymphocyte ratio are associated with cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 1;5:e112-e117. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Although most ischaemic strokes are due to cardioembolism, about 25-40% of strokes are cryptogenic. Patent foramen ovale has been associated with cryptogenic stroke; however, the precise mechanism of this association has not been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between inflammatory markers and cryptogenic stroke in patients with patent foramen ovale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277521PMC

Usefulness of resveratrol supplementation in decreasing cardiometabolic risk factors comparing subjects with metabolic syndrome and healthy subjects with or without obesity: meta-analysis using multinational, randomised, controlled trials.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 30;5:e98-e111. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Resveratrol (RES), a natural polyphenolic compound, has been linked to some beneficial effects against cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Material And Methods: We conducted a systematic search to conduct a meta-analysis on cardiometabolic risk factors modulated by RES targeting patients with metabolic syndrome (Met-S) and Obese/Healthy (O/H) subjects. The PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) research question was: Does RES among patients with Met-S and O/H subjects reduce the cardiometabolic risk? The first group was affected with MetS, which is defined as a clustering of abdominal obesity, dyslipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, and hypertension in a single individual. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277462PMC

State and trait anxiety in islander cardiac patients: associated factors and the impact of perceived social support.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 29;5:e85-e97. Epub 2020 May 29.

Laboratory and Clinical Nursing Cardiology, Attikon Hospital, Greece.

Introduction: Cardiac patients frequently experience elevated levels of anxiety, which may influence clinical outcomes. Perceived social support is a precious resource with which to minimise anxiety. The aim of the study was to explore levels of perceived social support, levels of anxiety (state and trait), and the associated factors as well as the impact of patents' characteristics and social support on anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277444PMC

Diagnostic accuracy of carotid intima media thickness by B-mode ultrasonography in coronary artery disease patients.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 27;5:e79-e84. Epub 2020 May 27.

University Institute of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging Technology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of premature deaths worldwide, and atherosclerosis (AS) is a major risk factor associated with them. B-mode ultrasound is a well-validated research tool that has been translated increasingly into clinical practice. The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of carotid intima media thickness by B-mode ultrasonography in coronary artery disease patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277461PMC

Atherosclerotic diseases and lung cancer - a ten-year cross-sectional study in Cyprus.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 25;5:e72-e78. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Production Engineering and Management, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece.

Introduction: The main purpose of this work is to study atherosclerotic diseases and lung cancer in Cyprus during the period 2007-2017 with the aim of finding not only the atherosclerotic diseases with the highest risk but also a possible association between these diseases and lung cancer.

Material And Methods: The statistical methods used to extract the results of this work are Student's -test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), in order to check the statistical significance of atherosclerotic diseases with regard to the characteristics of the patients. Additionally, a multiple logistic regression analysis was used with the aim of finding the disease with the highest risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277524PMC

Vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in Greek adolescents with obesity - the effect of vitamin D supplementation: a pilot study.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 22;5:e64-e71. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Introduction: Obesity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors as well as decreased 25(OH) vitamin D serum levels. We aimed to study 25(OH) vitamin D levels in adolescents with obesity compared with normal weight controls in association with CVD risk factors, and the possible effect of vitamin D supplementation.

Material And Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 69 obese and 34 normal-weight adolescents were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277522PMC

Cathepsin L in unstable plaques.

Authors:
Ayisha Z Bashir

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 21;5:e57-e63. Epub 2020 May 21.

Doctoral student, Department of Biomechanics, University of Nebraska, Omaha, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277446PMC

Plasma catestatin level predicts sPESI score and mortality in acute pulmonary embolism.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 20;5:e49-e56. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Cardiology, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.

Introduction: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is an emergent cardiothoracic disorder. The PESI score is used to estimate 30-day mortality in patients diagnosed with non-high-risk APE. Also, there are biomarkers for predicting prognosis and mortality in APE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277442PMC

Acute myocardial infarction with left main thromboses in a young amphetamine addict.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 20;5:e45-e48. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Cardiology, Phatthalung-Thonburi Hospital Heart Centre, Phatthalung, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277463PMC

Gamma-glutamyl transferase and oxidised high-density lipoprotein: a pilot study.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 15;5:e43-e44. Epub 2020 May 15.

Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-City, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.95380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277439PMC

A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the effects of a combined nutraceutical on endothelial function in patients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolaemia.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2020 7;5:e36-e42. Epub 2020 May 7.

Policlinico Umberto I University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Introduction: There is growing interest in lipid-lowering nutraceuticals; however, there are a relative scarcity of data on combined compounds. This study was aimed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a combined nutraceutical (CARDIOL Forte - CF) containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, hydroxytyrosol, Coenzyme Q10, folic acid, B and E vitamins, piperine, and red yeast rice in patients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolaemia.

Material And Methods: In this single-centre, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study enrolled subjects who were randomised to receive the tested combined nutraceutical for 16 weeks (CF group) or placebo (control group), in association with a low-fat diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2020.94986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277437PMC

Cathepsin L expression in the carotid arteries of atherosclerotic swine.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 2;4:e264-e267. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Translational Research, Western University of Health Sciences, California, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197027PMC
December 2019

I vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in patients with cardiovascular risk.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 31;4:e298-e303. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Research Laboratory in Physiology and Physiopathology (LRPP), Health Technology Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Introduction: The biological actions of vitamin D are mediated through vitamin D receptor (VDR). Numerous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the VDR gene have been identified, and some have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the association of five SNPs in the VDR gene with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels in patients with at least one CVD risk factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.91437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191939PMC
December 2019

Predictors of future microalbuminuria in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Egypt.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 31;4:e286-e297. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Misr University of Science and Technology (MUST), Giza, Egypt.

Introduction: The present study was designed to assess the validity and efficacy of urinary markers (NAG, RBP, transferrin, α1-microglobulin, and plasma homocysteine) as early predictors of microalbuminuria in diabetic nephropathy in children and adolescents with type-1 diabetes, and its relation with haemoglobin glycated (HbA), serum lipid profile, and blood pressure.

Material And Methods: This study is a follow-up study to the 2002 study by Salem . The present study included 35 type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) children and adolescents recruited from regular attendees of the specialised Diabetology Clinic, Children's hospital, Ain Shams University, with previously measured urinary -acetyl-β-glucosaminidase (13) or homocysteine (11) or transferrin (28) or α1-microglobulin (27) or retinol binding protein (13) as an early predictor of diabetic nephropathy in T1DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.91433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191941PMC
December 2019

Pulmonary complications following cardiac surgery.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 31;4:e280-e285. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Cardiology, Yazd Cardiovascular Research Centre, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Coronary heart disease is a common diseases of atherosclerosis. Despite the development of noninvasive therapies and the advancement of pharmacological methods and extensive drug regimens, coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is still the ultimate treatment option in many patients. Among the various complications following open heart surgery, one of the common difficulties is pulmonary complications associated with subsequent morbidity and mortality, which should be studied according to preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.91432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191937PMC
December 2019

Hospitalized patients with heart failure: the impact of anxiety, fatigue, and therapy adherence on quality of life.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 2;4:e268-e279. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Nursing Department, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a major global health problem associated with increased morbidity and mortality and reduced quality of life (QoL). The aim of the study was to assess the impact of anxiety, fatigue and adherence to therapeutic guidelines on HF patients' QoL.

Material And Methods: A hundred and twenty hospitalized HF patients were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191938PMC
December 2019

Non-traumatic and non-drug-induced rhabdomyolysis.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 2;4:e252-e263. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Cardiology Department, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Athens, Greece.

Rhabdomyolysis (RM), a fortunately rare disease of the striated muscle cells, is a complication of non-traumatic (congenital (glycogen storage disease, discrete mitochondrial myopathies and various muscular dystrophies) or acquired (alcoholic myopathy, systemic diseases, arterial occlusion, viral illness or bacterial sepsis)) and traumatic conditions. Additionally, RM can occur in some individuals under specific circumstances such as toxic substance use and illicit drug abuse. Lipid-lowering drugs in particular are capable of causing RM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191942PMC
December 2019

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease might boost cardiovascular disease burden.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 2;4:e250-e251. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

First Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital "Hippokration", Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191940PMC
December 2019

Lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: do not forget diabetes.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 2;4:e248-e249. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Second Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital "Hippokration", Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191936PMC
December 2019

Non-O-blood types associated with higher risk of high-grade atrioventricular block.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 26;4:e243-e247. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Kartal Koşuyolu Heart and Vascular Disease Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: The non-O phenotype of the ABO genotype has been linked with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Atrioventricular (AV) block (AVB) is defined as retardation or cessation in the route of an electrical impulse passing from the atria to the ventricles because of an anatomical or functional disruption in the conduction system. We aimed to interpret the association between blood group status and high-grade atrioventricular block (HAVB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.90072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6900742PMC
November 2019

Atherectomy-assisted versus percutaneous angioplasty interventions for treatment of symptomatic infra-inguinal peripheral arterial disease.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 21;4:e231-e242. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Cardiovascular Medicine Department, University of Missouri, Columbia School of Medicine, USA.

Introduction: The role of atherectomy (ATHERO) for the treatment of symptomatic infra-inguinal arterial lesions remains controversial. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of atherectomy-assisted endovascular interventions in comparison with percutaneous angioplasty (PTA).

Material And Methods: A systematic search utilizing MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted for studies comparing ATHERO with PTA from February 1995 to May 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.89900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6900743PMC
November 2019

The possible mechanisms of the effects of IRX3 gene on body weight: an overview.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 27;4:e225-e230. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: Recent studies reported that FTO exert its effects on body weight through change the expression IRX3. The aim of this study was investigation of the possible mechanisms of the effects of IRX3 gene on obesity.

Material And Methods: The present review was carried out using keywords such as polymorphism and/or obesity and/or BMI and/or IRX3 gene and/or Iroquois homeobox protein 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87545DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749179PMC

Interleukin-17 production by CD4+CD45RO+Foxp3+ T cells in peripheral blood of patients with atherosclerosis.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 26;4:e215-e224. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: T regulatory cells (Tregs) are known as immunoregulatory cells that are reduced in atherosclerosis. Tregs are a part of crosstalk between the immune system and lipoprotein metabolism, both of which are involved in atherosclerotic processes. Depletion of Tregs leads to impaired clearance of low density lipoprotein (LDL), and intracellular cholesterol homeostasis affects Treg cell development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749180PMC

The role of kidney injury molecule-1 in predicting cardiorenal syndrome type 1 after diuretic treatment.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 15;4:e208-e214. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Istanbul Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is defined as acute or chronic dysfunction in the heart and kidney due to important interactions between the heart and kidney disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate prediction of CRS type 1 by measuring kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and to establish early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI).

Material And Methods: During 2015-2016, 146 patients who were admitted to the emergency service with acute decompensated HF were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749177PMC
August 2019
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Does stress hyperglycemia affect mortality? Acute myocardial infarction - case control study.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 14;4:e201-e207. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Health Science University, Adana City Research and Training Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: We aimed to investigate the effect of stress (acute) hyperglycemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome who had not been previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) on the prognosis of the disease in terms of mortality.

Material And Methods: Patients who were admitted to the Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital Emergency Service Clinic between August 2010 and August 2013 and whose plasma blood glucose level was over 140 mg/dl at the time of admission but were not previously diagnosed with DM, who were over the age of 18 and considered to have acute myocardial infarction were included.

Results: A total of 259 patients whose data were fully attainable were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749178PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Association between cardiovascular risk factors and triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein ratio: a single-center experience.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 14;4:e196-e200. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: We aimed to investigate associations between triglycerides (Tg)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and smoking in patients without diabetes mellitus.

Material And Methods: The study included 91 patients between 18 and 65 years old age, with no diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Laboratory parameters of Tg, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), HDL cholesterol, FBG, BMI (kg/m), WC (cm), SBP and DBP (mm Hg), smoking status, and demographic data were collected from patients' electronic records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749181PMC

Comparison of clinical characteristics between lean and obese nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the northeast Chinese population.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 6;4:e191-e195. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Introduction: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is seen commonly in patients with obesity, but there are many non-obese people who also have NAFLD, which we call lean NAFLD. The objective of this study is to compare the characters of lean and obese NAFLD individuals aimed to better understand the pathogenesis of NAFLD.

Material And Methods: A total of 496 NAFLD cases (history of alcohol consumption, medication used within the last 3 months, hepatitis virus infection, autoimmune or hereditary liver disease were excluded), divided into an obese (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m) NAFLD group ( = 395) and lean (BMI < 25 kg/m) NAFLD group ( = 101), were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6749176PMC
August 2019
5 Reads

Aortic intima-media thickness can be used to determine target organ damage in adult patients with coronary artery disease risk factors.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 29;4:e183-e190. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Department of Cardiology, University of Health Sciences-Adana Health Practice and Research Center, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between abdominal aortic intima-media thickness (AA-IMT) and thoracic aortic intima-media thickness (TA-IMT) values and to investigate their relationship with common carotid intima-media thickness (CC-IMT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors.

Material And Methods: This study included 100 patients who underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination for different reasons with at least one CAD risk factor. CC-IMT, AA-IMT, and TA-IMT values were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.87002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6747883PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Total loss of flow in the tortious left anterior descending during coronary intervention due to severe accordion effect.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 22;4:e180-e182. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Department of Cardiology, University of Sakarya, Sakarya, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86811DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704766PMC

The effects of levosimendan use on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in patients with decompensated heart failure.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 22;4:e174-e179. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Department of Cardiology, T.C Health Sciences University, Elazığ Fethi Sekin City Hospital, Elazığ, Turkey.

Introduction: The present study was intended to investigate the effect of levosimendan on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in hospitalized patients with decompensated heart failure.

Material And Methods: The present study was designed as a prospective controlled clinical trial. A total of 50 patients with decompensated heart failure who were admitted to our hospital were included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6705148PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Severely blunted early heart rate response during treadmill exercise is associated with above average exercise capacity.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e167-e173. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Division of Cardiology, Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Introduction: Chronotropic response with exercise is evaluated by peak heart rate (HR) achieved. Since most of the exercise-related chronotropic response occurs early after exercise is initiated, we investigated whether the HR achieved with a standard dose of exercise (Bruce stage 2) is associated with exercise capacity. We hypothesized that those with a blunted or disproportionate HR response at this exercise dose would have reduced exercise capacity compared to those with a typical HR response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704761PMC

No effect of fenugreek, bergamot and olive leaf extract on glucose homeostasis in patients with prediabetes: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e162-e166. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School of Ioannina, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Introduction: The main pathophysiologic mechanism of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is insulin resistance, which exists several years before T2D diagnosis. The term 'prediabetes' applies to patients with insulin resistance but without overt T2D. The improvement of glucose homeostasis in these patients may prevent or delay the development of T2D and its complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86756DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704765PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Impaired vascular reactivity in sepsis - a systematic review with meta-analysis.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e151-e161. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.

Introduction: Vascular dysfunction due to reduced nitric oxide bioavailability plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. This meta-analysis examines evidence from published literature to evaluate whether in the adult population the presence/severity of sepsis is associated with impaired vasoreactivity.

Material And Methods: We performed a search of the Medline, Scopus, and EMBASE databases to identify observational studies using measurement of reactive hyperaemia in adult patients with sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704762PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Can metformin stabilize PCSK9 level in stable coronary artery disease patients treated with statins?

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e144-e150. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Ischemic Heart Disease and Atherosclerosis, Republican Specialised Center of Cardiology, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Introduction: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as an important marker of cardiovascular risk and a new target for therapeutic interventions. We aimed to study the influence of metformin on the level of circulating PCSK9 in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) or metabolic syndrome (MetS), receiving moderate doses of statins used in routine clinical practice.

Material And Methods: The study included 80 patients with T2DM or MetS receiving rosuvastatin for at least three months prior the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704763PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Effect of 3-month α-lipoic acid treatment on sural nerve conduction velocity and amplitude in patients with diabetic neuropathy: a pilot study.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e141-e143. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

1 Department of Internal Medicine and Diabetes Center, General Hospital of Piraeus "Tzaneio", Piraeus, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704764PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Stroke and breast cancer in the United States during 2007-2017.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e134-e140. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Department of Agriculture, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, IraklIon, Greece.

Introduction: The main purpose of this work is to study the malignant neoplasms of the breast and the incidence of strokes in the United States and to find not only statistically significant predictors for cancer, but also a possible association between breast cancer and stroke.

Material And Methods: The statistical methods used to derive the results of this work are χ and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests, in order to check the statistical significance of breast cancer in relation to socio-economic factors of patients. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used with the odds ratio (OR) to find statistically significant prognostic factors for breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.86749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704760PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Awareness among the general population about lipid profile screening in individuals over 20 years old in Alriyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 31;4:e126-e133. Epub 2019 May 31.

undergraduate medical students, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Plasma cholesterol and triglycerides are clinically important because their abnormally high levels are major treatable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate the awareness, general knowledge, and attitudes about regular lipid profile screening among adult individuals in Al-Riyadh.

Material And Methods: This is a cross-sectional study collected by convenience sampling method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85652DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554753PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Comparisons of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) levels in off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 28;4:e119-e125. Epub 2019 May 28.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Introduction: Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is a novel indicator of myocardial damage. The aim of the study was to compare the levels of H-FABP in off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Material And Methods: Thirty non-randomised 30 patients who underwent CABG between January 2009 and January 2010 were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554750PMC
May 2019
1 Read

The effect of different types of honey on the lipid profile of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 28;4:e113-e118. Epub 2019 May 28.

Nutrition Department, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Introduction: The effect of honey consumption in diabetic patients has been contradictory. The aim of the present animal study was to compare the effect of different types of honey on the lipid profile in diabetic rats.

Material And Methods: Sixty-four male Wistar rats were divided into two main groups: a streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus (DM) group (including four subgroups) and a healthy group (including four subgroups), based on random allocation. Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/amsad.2019.85409
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554755PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Fatigue in heart failure outpatients: levels, associated factors, and the impact on quality of life.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 28;4:e103-e112. Epub 2019 May 28.

Biopathology Laboratory, Konstantopouleio Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) patients experience various psychosocial issues and physical symptoms such as fatigue, which adversely affect their quality of life (QoL). The aim of the study was to assess levels of fatigue in HF outpatients and the associated factors, as well as to explore the correlation between fatigue and QoL.

Material And Methods: One hundred and thirty patients were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6555087PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Link between prostate cancer diagnosis and stroke in the United States during 2007-2017.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 23;4:e94-e102. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Agriculture, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Iraklion, Greece.

Introduction: The main purpose of this work is to study prostate cancer and stroke in the United States during the years 2007-2017 and to find not only statistically significant predictors for cancer, but also a possible association between prostate cancer and stroke.

Material And Methods: The statistical methods used to derive the results of this work are χ test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), in order to check the statistical significance of prostate cancer in relation to socio-economic factors of patients. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used with the odds ratio (OR) to find statistically significant prognostic factors for both prostate cancer and stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554749PMC
May 2019
5 Reads

The correlation between sarcopaenia and post-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt hepatic encephalopathy: a single-institution review.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 27;4:e89-e93. Epub 2019 May 27.

Department of Medicine, Division of Vascular Interventional Radiology and Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatobiliary Disease, Westchester Medical Centre and New York Medical College, Valhalla, USA.

Introduction: Sarcopaenia, or muscle wasting, can be used to objectively quantify malnutrition in cirrhotic patients.

Material And Methods: In this retrospective study, a list of all patients who underwent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure at Westchester Medical Centre from September 2009 to July 2018 was obtained, and individual chart reviews were performed.

Results: In total, 90 charts were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554751PMC
May 2019
10 Reads

Comparison of effects of thrombolytic therapy and primary percutaneous coronary intervention in elderly patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction on in-hospital, six-month, and one-year mortality.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 27;4:e82-e88. Epub 2019 May 27.

Department of Cardiology, Sakarya University Education and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey.

Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the effect of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and thrombolytic therapy (TT) on the in-hospital adverse events, in-hospital and long-term mortality in patients over 65 years of age with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Material And Methods: A total of 111 retrospectively screened patients (73 males, mean age: 73.4 ±5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554752PMC
May 2019
25 Reads

Silent atrial fibrillation is associated with P-wave duration index in patients with cardiac resynchronisation therapy.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 27;4:e74-e81. Epub 2019 May 27.

Cardiology Department, Health Sciences University, Adana City Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) attacks can be silent, symptomatic, or emerge with its complications in pacemaker-implanted patient groups. P-wave duration index (PWDI), a novel parameter, is calculated by dividing the P-wave duration (PWD) by the PR interval. This study aimed to investigate the relation between PWDI and silent AF development in cardiac resynchronisation therapy defibrillator (CRT-D)-applied patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.85375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554754PMC
May 2019
9 Reads

Prevalence of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ENOS) gene G894T polymorphism and its association with hypertension: a population-based study with Brazilian women.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 18;4:e63-e73. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió, AL, Brazil.

Introduction: Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world, accounting for millions of deaths each year. The reduction in the concentration of nitric oxide (NO) produced by the catalysis of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is associated with higher blood pressure (BP) levels. This reduction might be because of genetic polymorphisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.84539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549039PMC
April 2019
1 Read

T wave positivity in lead aVR is associated with mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 12;4:e55-e62. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Cardiology, University of Health Sciences - Adana Health Practices and Research Centre, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with increased comorbidity. Lead aVR in surface ECG has valuable information about prediction of mortality in many cardiovascular diseases. Our aim was to determine the relationship between ischemic changes in lead aVR and mortality in TAVI patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.84449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549042PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

PON1 concentration and high-density lipoprotein characteristics as cardiovascular biomarkers.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 12;4:e47-e54. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit, Laboratorio de Contaminación y Toxicología, Nayarit, Mexico.

Introduction: Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is now known to be related to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between PON1 concentration and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses in patients with proven CVD, cardiovascular risk factors but no CVD (CRF), and in healthy controls (control group).

Material And Methods: A case-control study was carried out with 69 volunteers from the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.84447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549041PMC
April 2019
7 Reads

Assessment of quality of life and anxiety in heart failure outpatients.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 12;4:e38-e46. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Nursing Department, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic disease associated with increased morbidity and mortality. HF prevalence is expected to expand enormously, largely due to population ageing, rising incidence of HF risk factors and increased survival after cardiovascular events. The aim of the study was to assess levels of quality of life (QOL) and anxiety in HF outpatients and the associated factors as well as to explore the impact of anxiety on QOL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.84444DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549038PMC
April 2019
1 Read

The association of quantitative insulin sensitivity indices (HOMA-IR and QUICKI) with anthropometric and cardiometabolic indicators in adolescents.

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 9;4:e32-e37. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Introduction: Homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) are used to evaluate insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between quantitative insulin sensitivity indices and anthropometric and cardiometabolic indicators in adolescents.

Material And Methods: This descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study was conducted on 80 adolescents aged 12 to 13 years in Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/amsad.2019.84411
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.84411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549040PMC
April 2019
18 Reads

Is the presence of left atrial diverticulum associated with recurrence in patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation?

Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis 2019 11;4:e25-e31. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) has been a major cornerstone in the management of AF. Despite promising advances in CA techniques, long-term results reveal a high rate of recurrence after the procedure. Left atrial diverticulum (LAD), a common anatomic variant of the left atrium, was previously shown to be associated with increased risk of thrombus formation, cardiac perforation and arrhythmia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/amsad.2019.83508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451141PMC
March 2019
3 Reads