4,087 results match your criteria Archives of gerontology and geriatrics[Journal]


The onset of falls reduces perceived autonomy among middle aged and older adults. Results from a longitudinal nationally representative sample.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 25;90:104115. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify whether the onset of falls is associated with reduced autonomy among individuals in the second half of life.

Methods: Longitudinal data (with 7626 observations) were drawn from the German Ageing Survey, which is a nationally representative sample of individuals residing in private households ≥ 40 years. An established scale developed by Schwarzer was used to assess perceived autonomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104115DOI Listing

Diagnostic differences and agreement between the original and revised European Working Group (EWGSOP) consensus definition for sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 21;89:104081. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia; Department of Medicine and Australian Institute of Musculoskeletal Science, Melbourne Medical School - Western Campus, The University of Melbourne, St Albans, Victoria, 3021, Australia.

Aim: We aimed to compare diagnostic differences for identification of sarcopenia using the original operational definition developed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP1) and the most recently revised EWGSOP2 definition in community dwelling older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Appendicular Lean Mass (ALM) corrected for height (ALM/m) was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Muscle strength was assessed using hand-grip strength (HGS) or chair stands, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and gait speed were used to evaluate lower extremity physical function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104081DOI Listing

Level of active aging: Influence of environmental, social and health-related factors.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 8;90:104094. Epub 2020 May 8.

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, Campinas, SP 13084-971, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze social, environmental and health-related inequalities in the level of active aging among older adults who participated in the Health Survey conducted in the city of Campinas, Brazil.

Methods: The level of active aging was estimated based on a ranking of engagement in activities using factor analysis. More active older adults (situated in the highest tertile of the ranking) were compared with the others through the prevalence ratios (PR) and respective 95 % confidence intervals (CI) estimated by Poisson regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104094DOI Listing

Loneliness among older adults in the Czech Republic: A socio-demographic, health, and psychosocial profile.

Authors:
Lee Sunwoo

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 29;90:104068. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study sought to examine demographic, health, and psychosocial correlates of loneliness in Czech older adults using Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) data.

Method: Study builds on secondary data analysis. Nationally representative sample of 2129 Czech older adults, aged 65 and over, were drawn from the SHARE wave 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104068DOI Listing

Association between oral, social, and physical frailty in community-dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;89:104105. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Special Needs and Geriatric Dentistry, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Objectives: Oral frailty (OF) has been shown to be a predictor of disability. Therefore, it is important to be able to identify factors associated with OF in order to prevent long-term dependence. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationships between OF, social frailty (SF), and physical frailty (PF) in community-dwelling older adults, with the overarching aim of informing the future development of effective measures to prevent frailty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104105DOI Listing

Older adults and COVID-19 pandemic: Resilience matters.

Authors:
Liang-Kung Chen

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 25;89:104124. Epub 2020 May 25.

Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247489PMC

Psychosocial and cognitive multimorbidity and health-related quality of life and symptom burden in older adults with atrial fibrillation: The systematic assessment of geriatric elements in atrial fibrillation (SAGE-AF) cohort study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 28;90:104117. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Pharmacy and Health System Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA.

Background: Depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairments occur in up to 40 % of adults with AF and are associated with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and higher symptom burden. However, it is unknown how often these impairments co-occur, or multimorbidity, and how multimorbidity effects HRQoL and symptom burden.

Methods: Patients with AF age ≥65 years with a CHADSVASC risk score ≥ 2 and eligible for oral anticoagulation therapy were recruited from five clinics in a prospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104117DOI Listing

Longitudinal study of the relationship between physical activity and knee pain and functional limitation in community-dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 20;90:104101. Epub 2020 May 20.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Australia.

Aims: To describe the associations between interindividual (between-person) and intraindividual (within-person) variability in physical activity (PA) and knee pain and functional limitation among older adults. We also investigated the potential bidirectional association of between-person and within-person variability in knee pain and functional limitation with PA.

Method: Participants (N = 1064; 51% women; mean age 63 ± 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104101DOI Listing

Functional training with blood occlusion influences muscle quality indices in older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;90:104110. Epub 2020 May 16.

College of Health and Human Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine if functional training with blood flow restriction (BFR) has a greater effect on muscle quality indices and performance of older men when compared to functional training without BFR.

Materials And Methods: Thirty men (67.7 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104110DOI Listing

Cut-off points of knee extension strength allometrically adjusted to identify sarcopenia risk in older adults: A cross-sectional study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 12;89:104100. Epub 2020 May 12.

Interunit Nursing Doctoral Program, College of Nursing of the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão Preto at the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: Handgrip strength used to identify sarcopenia is not representative of overall strength, especially as greater muscle volume and consequent autonomy-mobility are concentrated in the lower limbs. While absolute strength or relative to body mass is used to define sarcopenia, this relationship is not always linear. The aim of this study was to establish allometrically adjusted cut-off points of lower limb (quadriceps) muscle strength to identify sarcopenia risk in older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104100DOI Listing

COVID-19: The Italian Viral "Gerocide" of the 21 st Century.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 13;89:104111. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Clinical Internal, Anesthesiological and Cardiovascular Sciences University of Rome, Sapienza, Rome.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104111DOI Listing

The effect of Korean Red Ginseng on sarcopenia biomarkers in type 2 diabetes patients.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;90:104108. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 63 gil 20, Eonguro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06229, Republic of Korea; Severance Institute for Vascular and Metabolic Research, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, 211 Eonguro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06288, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The elderly population is growing rapidly worldwide and sarcopenia, which is considered as a new geriatric syndrome has become an important issue. In particular, diabetes is known to be an important risk factor for sarcopenia. In this study, we investigated the effects of Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) on biomarkers of sarcopenia in middle and old age diabetes patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104108DOI Listing

Coronavirus and quarantine: will we sacrifice our elderly to protect them?

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 21;90:104118. Epub 2020 May 21.

Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, LaPSCo, Physiological and Psychosocial Stress, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, WittyFit, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7240263PMC

Development of frailty measurement tools using administrative health data: A systematic review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 12;89:104102. Epub 2020 May 12.

Centre for Applied Health Economics, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia; Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: Frailty is an increasingly common health condition and is seen more often due to the ageing population. This study reviews the evidence on the development and validation of these automated frailty measurement tools.

Design: Six databases: PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science were electronically searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104102DOI Listing

Muscle strength is related to mental and physical quality of life in the oldest old.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 15;89:104109. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Aging, Neurological, Orthopaedic and Head-Neck Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy; Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Roma, Rome, Italy.

Purpose Of The Study: Quality of life represents the principal outcome of health interventions for the oldest old. However, little is known about the determinants of quality of life in this population stratum. We evaluated the association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and handgrip strength in a cohort of 331 participants aged 90+ with a living in the Mugello area (Tuscany, Italy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104109DOI Listing

Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase as a predictor of cognitive impairment in patients with acute ischaemic stroke: A retrospective cohort study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;89:104104. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, 450014, China. Electronic address:

Background: In the present study, we assessed the relationship between serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels and cognitive function changes in acute ischaemic stroke patients.

Methods: We retrospectively collected the demographic data and clinical information from the medical records of patients after the onset of ischaemic stroke. We used the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination to assess cognitive function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104104DOI Listing

Effects of physical exercise on cognitive function of older adults with mild cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 12;89:104048. Epub 2020 May 12.

Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Department of Physiotherapy, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is associated with a greater risk of dementia for older adults. However, systematic reviews have shown that some physical exercise (PE) seems to improve MCI symptoms and signs. Those reviews and meta-analysis could not explain what possible moderator influenced their results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104048DOI Listing

The CITIMEM study: A pilot study. Optimizing pharmacological treatment in dementia.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;89:104073. Epub 2020 May 16.

Operative Unit Elderly Care, District 30, ASL Napoli Centro, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Citicoline can have beneficial effects both in degenerative and in vascular cognitive decline; it works through an increase in acetylcholine intrasynaptic levels and promoting phospholipid synthesis, (chiefly phosphatidylcholine), cellular function, and neuronal repair. Memantine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist used for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). When co-administered they could have a synergistic action in patients affected with AD and mixed dementia (MD) too. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104073DOI Listing

Comparison of the physical fitness levels in nursing home residents and community-dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 15;89:104106. Epub 2020 May 15.

Baskent University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the physical fitness levels of nursing home residents and community-dwelling older adults.

Materials And Methods: The 118 older adults aged between 65-85 living in a nursing home or community participated in the study. The Senior Fitness Test assessed the physical fitness levels of older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104106DOI Listing

Effects of 'participatory group-based care management' on wellbeing of older people living alone: a randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 7;89:104095. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Social Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Finland.

Background And Objectives: More knowledge is needed of the effectiveness of complex interventions that aim to promote the wellbeing of older people. This study examines the effects of 'participatory group-based care management' conducted among community-dwelling older adults living alone in Central and Eastern Finland. The intervention aimed to promote wellbeing and quality of life (QoL) using a needs-based and participatory approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104095DOI Listing

The need to belong: A parallel process latent growth curve model of late life negative affect and cognitive function.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 4;89:104049. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: Late life negative affect (NA) often co-occurs with poor cognitive function (CF); however, very little is known about the mechanism of the relationship between them. We examined the longitudinal relationship between NA and CF over a 12-year period and the effects of several related risk factors in a general sample.

Methods: Five waves of data on Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) were collected from a total of 1,314 elderly Chinese, aged 60 and over. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104049DOI Listing

Independent and combined effect of home-based progressive resistance training and nutritional supplementation on muscle strength, muscle mass and physical function in dynapenic older adults with low protein intake: A randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 13;89:104098. Epub 2020 May 13.

Postgraduate Program in Reabilitation and Functional Performance, Department of Physical Therapy - Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: With the aging phenomenon, there is growing interest in developing effective strategies to counteract dynapenia, the age-related loss of muscle strength. The positive effect of progressive resistance training on muscle strength is well known, however, the effect of nutritional supplementation or its synergistic effect along with exercise on muscle strength is not a consensus in the literature, especially in populations with low protein intake.

Methods: We analyzed the muscle strength (handgrip strength and sit-to-stand test), muscle mass, body mass index, insulin resistance, and physical function (gait speed, timed up & go test, and single-leg-stance test) of 69 dynapenic older adults with low protein intake, before and after the intervention period of three months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104098DOI Listing

Respiratory muscle strength for discriminating frailty in community-dwelling elderly: a cross-sectional study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 20;89:104082. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapá, Macapá, Amapá, Brazil.

Objectives: To compare obtained and predicted inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength between frail, pre-frail, and non-frail older people; to examine the association between inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength and frailty in older people; and to determine cut-off points for inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength for discriminating frailty in older people.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 379 community-dwelling older adults. Frailty was assessed using Fried's phenotype, while inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength were measured with maximum inspiratory and maximum expiratory pressures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104082DOI Listing

Changes in prevalence of loneliness over time in institutional settings, and associated factors.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 12;89:104043. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of General Practice and Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Unit of Primary Health Care, PO Box 20, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland; Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of loneliness over time from 2011 to 2017 in long-term care facilities; and its related factors.

Material And Methods: Repeated cross-sectional studies exploring loneliness and its associated factors among residents in long-term care facilities were conducted in Helsinki, Finland in 2011 (N = 4966) and 2017 (N = 3767). Residents in temporary respite care or with severe cognitive impairment, and those unable or refusing to respond to the loneliness item were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104043DOI Listing

Linked work lives: The interrelation of own and partner's employment history and their relationship with mental health in older European couples.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 6;89:104092. Epub 2020 May 6.

Institute of Medical Sociology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Introduction: There is strong evidence for the importance of previous employment for mental health at older age but little is known about the role of partner's employment history in this. Life course theory suggests that individual trajectories are linked and evidence from cross-sectional studies suggest that there are cross-over effects within couples. Therefore, the present study tests the interdependence of own and partner's employment history and their relationship with depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104092DOI Listing

Apps for pain self-management of older people's arthritic pain, one size doesn't fit all: A qualitative study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 16;89:104062. Epub 2020 May 16.

University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Introduction Arthritic pain is a major cause of illness and disability among older people. People living with arthritic pain carry out self-management activities to adequately manage their pain. As the trend of smartphone uptake continues to rise among older people, there are opportunities to explore the role of these devices in helping older people better manage their pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104062DOI Listing

A medical care model using comprehensive geriatric assessment for community-dwelling older Korean adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 16;89:104064. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The quality of life of older adults deteriorates when they lose their ability to perform activities of daily living. Therefore, the older adults should be assessed to identify risk factors for functional decline and to correct these factors so that they may live as independently as possible in the community. We developed a medical care model using comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) for community-dwelling older patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104064DOI Listing

Body image satisfaction and loneliness among young adult and older adult age cohorts.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 1;89:104088. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Psychology and Counseling, The University of Texas at Tyler, United States.

Background: Lower body image satisfaction has been linked with greater loneliness among young adults, but this relationship has not been investigated among older adults.

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between body image and loneliness among young and older adult age cohorts as well as explore stigma consciousness as a mediator between body image dissatisfaction and loneliness among older adults.

Methods: Participants consisting of 459 young adults and 353 older adults over the age of 59 completed a cross-sectional survey regarding health and perceptions of aging from fall 2017 through spring 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104088DOI Listing

Spect-neuropsychology correlations in very mild Alzheimer's disease and amnesic mild cognitive impairment.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 29;89:104085. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Neuroscience, S. Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical and brain functional abnormalities in patients with mild Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and patients with amnesic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI).

Methods: we used resting spect-neuropsychology correlations method.

Results: We found that parieto-temporal associative cortex, mainly involving the inferior parietal lobule, posterior cingulate and middle temporal gyrus, is compromised early in AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104085DOI Listing
April 2020
1.525 Impact Factor

Predictors of Working Memory Maintenance and Decline in Older Adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 5;89:104074. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department o Probability and Statistics, Applied Mathematics and Systems Research Institute, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City 04510, Mexico.

The aging process is associated with the gradual decline of several cognitive functions, and working memory is particularly affected. Although the majority of older adults experience a deterioration of their working memory, some individuals maintain their working memory in older age, and some suffer an extreme deterioration of their working memory. The purpose of the present study was to identify, among a total of 120 potential predictors, those that significantly contributed to these two extreme outcomes in working memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104074DOI Listing

Effect of cognitive and structural social capital on depression among older adults in Ghana: A multilevel cross-sectional analysis.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Mar 28;89:104045. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

BERTHA Big Data Centre for Environment and Health, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.

Evidence from existing studies suggests social capital has mixed effects on depression and other common mental disorders. There is little knowledge of the possible association between social capital and depression among the growing older population in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigates the effect of cognitive social capital (trust and sense of safety) and structural social capital (social participation or engagement in social activities) on depression among older adults in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104045DOI Listing

Efficacy and safety of valproic acid in dementia: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 4;89:104091. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Geriatric Neurology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fuxing Road 28, Beijing 100853, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: The neuroprotective effect of valproic acid has been observed in the animal models of neurodegeneration, which suggests it as a potential candidate for clinical trials. In this paper, we aimed to systematically analyze the efficacy and safety of valproic acid in the treatment of dementia.

Methods: We searched the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure until March 2020 for the eligible randomized controlled trials, as well as the unpublished and ongoing trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104091DOI Listing

Prevalence and factors associated with obesity among the oldest old.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 10;89:104069. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity, and to identify factors associated with obesity, among the oldest old.

Methods: For this study, data from follow-up (FU) wave 7 and FU wave 8 of the "Study on Needs, Health Service Use, Costs and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Large Sample of Oldest-Old Primary Care Patients (85+)" (AgeQualiDe) were used. At FU wave 7, the mean age was 88. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104069DOI Listing
April 2020
1.525 Impact Factor

Social networks and cognitive function in older adults receiving home- and community-based aged care.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 27;89:104083. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, New South Wales, 2109, Australia.

Objectives: Social engagement has been linked to preserved cognitive functioning in later life. Yet, little is known about the specific network factors that best predict cognitive function in older adults. This study aimed to (i) characterize the quality and quantity of interpersonal relationships and (ii) explore the relationship between social network types and cognitive function in older adults receiving home- and community-based aged care services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104083DOI Listing

How can we evaluate an interrelation of symptoms?

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 7;89:104096. Epub 2020 May 7.

Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

A pandemic of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is an international problem and factors associated with increased risk of mortality have been reported. However, there exists limited statistical method to estimate a comprehensive risk for a case in which a patient has several characteristics and symptoms concurrently. We applied Boolean Monte Carlo method (BMCM) to the Novel Corona Virus 2019 Dataset to determine interrelation of patient's characteristics and symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204749PMC

COVID-19: The Italian Viral "Gerocide" of the 21 st Century.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 13;89:104111. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Clinical Internal, Anesthesiological and Cardiovascular Sciences University of Rome, Sapienza, Rome.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7219387PMC

Prolonged social isolation of the elderly during COVID-19: Between benefit and damage.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 3;89:104086. Epub 2020 May 3.

Institute of General Medicine, College of Health Care Professions Claudiana, Bolzano, Bozen, Italy; Central Hospital Bolzano/Bozen, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7196375PMC
May 2020
1.525 Impact Factor

On the impact of age, gender and educational level on cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease: A quantitative approach.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 May 1;89:104090. Epub 2020 May 1.

Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test is a brief and useful tool widely utilized to measure dementia severity. The effects of education, age and gender on the total MMSE scores are less well-understood. Also, there are few studies about cognitive domains involvement in Alzheimer's disease and the effects of demographic factors on it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104090DOI Listing

Care home facilities as new COVID-19 hotspots: Lombardy Region (Italy) case study.

Authors:
Silvia Logar

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 29;89:104087. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Teesside University, School of Social Sciences, Humanities & Law, Southfield Rd, Middlesbrough TS1 3BX, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189837PMC

Relationship between exercise capacity and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 29;89:104084. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Public Health, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 7-10-2, Tomogaoka, Suma, Kobe 654-0142, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Depressive symptoms cannot be ignored when exercise intervention is performed. The purpose of this study was to clarify the association between depressive symptoms and exercise capacity in community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed 110 community-dwelling older adults (mean age [standard deviation] = 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104084DOI Listing

Executive function as a mediating factor between visual acuity and postural stability in cognitively healthy adults and adults with Alzheimer's dementia.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 19;89:104078. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

École d'optométrie, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Falls in older adults, notably those with Alzheimer's dementia (AD), are prevalent. Vision and balance impairments are prominent falls risk factors in older adults. However, recent literature in the cognitively impaired suggests that executive function (EF) is important for falls risk assessments. Read More

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The prevalence and risk factors for sarcopenia in older adults and long-living older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 30;89:104089. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Health Sciences Center, Institute of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Brazil. Electronic address:

Purpose: Sarcopenia is a muscular syndrome that is related to several adverse risks. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of risk of sarcopenia and associated factors in older adults and long-living older adults.

Methods: A crosssectional epidemiological study of older adults patients at a geriatric outpatient clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104089DOI Listing

Clinical determinants of resting metabolic rate in geriatric outpatients.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 23;89:104066. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, @AgeAmsterdam, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Medicine and Aged Care, @AgeMelbourne, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Purpose: Accurate estimation of the energy requirements including resting metabolic rate (RMR) is important for optimal nutritional care, yet its clinical determinants are unknown. This study examined the associations between clinical determinants of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) domains with RMR among geriatric outpatients.

Materials & Methods: Data were retrieved from cohorts of community-dwelling older adults (n = 84, 54 female) referring to geriatrics outpatient mobility clinics in both Amsterdam, The Netherlands and Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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Which factors contribute to loneliness among older Europeans? Findings from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe: Determinants of loneliness.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 24;89:104080. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Background: While previous studies have examined the determinants of loneliness (i) using a longitudinal approach and (ii) using data from nationally representative samples, only few studies have done both at once. Hence, the purpose of our study was to clarify which factors are associated with loneliness longitudinally based on nationally representative data.

Methods: Data were taken from wave 5 to 7 of the "Survey of Health Ageing, and Retirement in Europe "(SHARE; covering 27 European countries and Israel in total) (in our analytical sample, n = 101,909 observations). Read More

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Test-retest reliability of upper-limb proprioception and balance tests in older nursing home residents.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 22;89:104079. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal; Comprehensive Health Research Center (CHRC), Portugal. Electronic address:

Aim: To examine the test-retest reliability of two upper-limb proprioception tests (Weight Detection Test, or WDT, and Arm Ruler Positioning Test, or ARPT) and two balance tests (Functional Reach Test, or FRT, and Timed Up and Go test, or TUG) in older nursing home residents.

Methods: Fifty-three nursing home residents (85.9 ± 3. Read More

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Comparison of diagnostic significance of the initial versus revised diagnostic algorithm for sarcopenia from the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 25;89:104071. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Center for Genomic Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Backgrounds: Sarcopenia in older adults is a risk factor for age-related morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to clarify the diagnostic significance of the revised diagnostic algorithm for sarcopenia from Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia by comparing physical and clinical characteristics of individuals diagnosed with sarcopenia by the initial and revised algorithms.

Methods: Study participants were 2061 older community residents. Read More

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Initial functional recovery as a measure for rehabilitation outcome in post-acute hip fractured patients.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 20;89:104070. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Beit Rivka Geriatric Rehabilitation Center, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: The assessment of immediate functional change after hip fracture surgery may assist in predicting rehabilitation outcome and improve program efficiency.

Objective: To evaluate the potential of the initial functional recovery measure in predicting rehabilitation outcome of hip fractured patients.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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Clinical characteristics of older patients infected with COVID-19: A descriptive study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 10;89:104058. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Beijing Emergency Medical Center, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Since the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19), which has spread in the world rapidly. Population have a susceptibility to COVID-19, older people were more susceptible to have a variety diseases than younger, including COVID-19 infection with no doubt. This study focused on older patients with COVID-19 infection and analyzed the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194515PMC

Depressive symptoms were a common risk factor for pre-frailty and frailty in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 20;89:104067. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, No. 130, Kai-Syuan, 2nd Road, Ling-Ya District, Kaohsiung 802, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate factors associated with frailty in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: One hundred fifty-seven outpatients aged 65 years or older with mild to moderate AD were enrolled from January 2018 to December 2018. Cognitive status, depressive mood, activities of daily livings (ADLs), body mass index, handgrip strength (HGS), usual gait speed (UGS), and serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, hemoglobin (Hb), albumin, and creatinine were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104067DOI Listing

Change of depressive symptoms in a French nine-year longitudinal study of aging: Gender differences and relationships between social support, health status and depressive symptoms.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Apr 22;89:104059. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Research Team of Psychology of Ages of Life and Adaptation (EA 2114, PAVéA), University of Tours, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine the trajectory of depressive symptoms among older French people, to investigate the role of gender in the developmental trajectory of depressive symptoms and to explore whether the linear increase in depressive symptoms might be accentuated or attenuated at time points during which the older adults' scores on social support and health satisfaction scales were higher than their individual averages.

Methods/materials: Data were used from a subsample of older adults living at home who participated in a longitudinal study initiated by researchers from the University of Tours. They were collected at five time points over a 9-year period (T1: 2003; T2: 2005; T3: 2007; T4: 2009; T5: 2011). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2020.104059DOI Listing