3,881 results match your criteria Archives of gerontology and geriatrics[Journal]


Mitochondrial DNA copy number and telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in comparison with whole blood in three different age groups.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 12;83:131-137. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Latvian Biomedical Research and Study Centre, Ratsupites iela 1, Riga LV-1067, Latvia; Riga Stradins University, Dzirciema iela 16, Riga LV-1007, Latvia.

There are more and more studies on telomere length (TL) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and it has been proven that these factors play a significant role in the aging of the immune system thereby it is important to understand how it varies in different cell types for more accurate conclusions. The aim of this study was to look into dynamics of mtDNA amount in conjunction with TL in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) during aging in comparison with whole blood (WB) cells. Overall, 53 samples were divided into three age groups: 20-39 year age group, 40-59 year age group and 60-79 year age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.04.007DOI Listing

Moderate hearing loss is related with social frailty in a community-dwelling older adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 12;83:126-130. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, kyungheedaero 23, dongdaemun-gu, 02447, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Elderly Frailty Research Center, Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, kyungheedaero 23, dongdaemun-gu, 02447, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine whether hearing loss is associated with social frailty in older adults.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of cohort study data. Hearing was measured using of Pure-tone audiometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Association between sarcopenia and diabetes in community dwelling elderly in the Amazon region - Viver Mais Project.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 27;83:121-125. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

State University Of Pará, Brazil; Hospital Cynthia Charone, Brazil.

Background: Studies indicate the intrinsic relationship between sarcopenia and diabetes mellitus (DM) pathophysiological mechanisms. Changes in insulin and muscular metabolism are features of diabetic patients and can interact as sarcopenic accelerators. Conversely, sarcopenic patients feature lower glucose tolerance and higher serum insulin levels, predisposing them to DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.020DOI Listing

Refining memory assessment of elderly people with cognitive impairment: Insights from the short-term memory binding test.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 1;83:114-120. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Basic Psychology II (Cognitive Processes), Faculty of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects temporary memory for bound features more remarkably than for individual features. Such selective impairments manifest from presymptomatic through dementia stages via titration procedures. A recent study suggested that without titration and with high memory load the binding selectivity may disappear in people at risk of AD such as those with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.025DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The effects of exercise and milk-fat globule membrane (MFGM) on walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declines in walking ability: A randomized placebo controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 5;83:106-113. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Institute of Gerontology, J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: To investigate the effects of exercise and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) supplementation on walking ability and walking parameters in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women with declined walking ability.

Methods: A randomized placebo controlled trial was performed on 126 elderly community-dwelling women over 79 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four three-month interventions: exercise and MFGM (Ex + MFGM), exercise and placebo (Ex + P), MFGM, and placebo interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.029DOI Listing

Association between self-reported hearing impairment, use of a hearing aid and performance of instrumental activities of daily living.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 6;83:101-105. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento, Ageing Institute, Medical School, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia; Geriatric Epidemiology Research Department, Instituto Nacional De Geriatría, México City, Mexico; Geriatric Medicine Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Age-related hearing loss is a prevalent condition among the growing elderly population, which has been associated with both cognitive decline and decreased daily functioning. Decreased functioning is linked to lower performance, predominantly regarding instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). The present study aims to explore the association between hearing loss and impairment in IADLs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 30;83:96-100. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and nutritional status in the frail older adults.

Methods: This study uses a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, and the Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Charlson Comorbidity Index, and Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form were used to measure depression and nutritional status, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.023DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Turkish validation of a new scale from older people's perspectives: Older people's quality of life-brief (OPQOL-brief).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 6;83:91-95. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Hacettepe University Medical Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: There are various 'quality of life' scales developed for older people. Although quality of life is a subjective concept, most of these scales are based on expert opinions rather than perspectives of older people. The aim of this study is to evaluate validity and reliability of Older People's Quality of Life-brief scale (OPQOL-brief), which is based on perspectives of older people, in Turkish population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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A loneliness model of hypochondriasis among older adults: The mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty and anxious symptoms.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 28;83:86-90. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, University of North Texas, United States.

Loneliness has been described as an epidemic and is associated with a number of adverse health and psychosocial outcomes. In this study, we proposed a loneliness of model of hypochondriasis among older adults in which loneliness triggers a maladaptive threat response in which there is greater self-focus, leading to hypochondriasis through greater intolerance of uncertainty and anxious symptoms. Community-dwelling older adults (N = 280) participated in an interview survey. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.027DOI Listing
March 2019
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Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 27;83:81-85. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Psychology of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment Department, Faculty of Psychology, UNED, C/ Juan del Rosal 10, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: Currently in Chile there is a lack of validated tools for measuring anxiety in the elderly population. Considering this, the purpose of this study was to validate the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in the country.

Method: An analysis of the psychometric properties of the GAI was carried out, using a non-clinical sample of 301 older adults in the Metropolitan and Valparaíso regions of Chile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
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Hearing-impaired elderly people have smaller social networks: A population-based aging study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 7;83:75-80. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

The Section of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Japan; Graduate School of Nutrition Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences, Japan.

Background And Objectives: Hearing impairment (HI) is a major global health concern. In addition, social networks are important for healthy aging. This study aimed to examine the association between HI and social relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Is training for informal caregivers and their older persons helpful? A systematic review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 25;83:66-74. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Baskent University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The steady increase in the number of people suffering from chronic diseases and increasing life expectancy raises new demands on health care. At the same time, the need for informal caregivers is increasing. This study aims to perform a systematic review of the methodologies used to identify effect of different types of training on informal caregivers and their older persons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Characteristics of inappropriate multiple medication use in older urological outpatients.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 27;83:61-65. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Urology, DanKook University Hospital, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To investigate polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in elderly patients visiting the urology department for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed digital medical records of individuals over the age of 65 who visited the urology department for LUTS. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 hospitals located in South Korea, between September 2017 and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.024DOI Listing
March 2019
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Regional and total muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance: The potential use of ultrasound imaging for sarcopenia.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 19;83:55-60. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the regional and total muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, and also to investigate the affected muscles, their strength and physical performance with aging.

Methods: A total of 145 healthy subjects were included for the cross-sectional descriptive study. Demographic data were obtained, and body composition was consecutively assessed by anthropometric methods, bioelectrical impedance analysis and ultrasound (muscle thickness, fascicule length and pennation angle). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.014DOI Listing
March 2019
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Depression as a moderator and a mediator of marital quality's effect on older adults' self-rated physical health.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 27;83:50-54. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

College of Health Sciences, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA, 71209, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Depression and marital quality are both established correlates of physical health for older adults. However, there is a lack of research on the interaction between depression and marital quality on physical health, and on depression's role as a mediator of the mechanism by which marital quality affects physical health.

Objective: This study aims to test the moderation and mediation effects of depression on marital quality's impact on older adults' self-rated physical health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.026DOI Listing

Spousal health and older adults' biomarker change over six years: Investigation of gender differences.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 25;83:44-49. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Institute of Gerontology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan.

Objective: Relationship of spousal health and biomarkers over six years were examined.

Methods And Materials: Nationally representative sample of 483 adults aged 54+ in Taiwan were followed for six years. Four classes of spousal health changes and three categories of biomarker indexes were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Value of syntax score II for predicting in-hospital and long-term survival in octogenarians with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: A comparison of six different risk scores.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 26;83:37-43. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Ataturk University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiology, Erzurum, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Syntax Score II (SSII) in predicting in-hospital and long-term mortality in octogenarians who presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and were treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in addition to compare SS II with other risk-scoring systems.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 312 consecutive STEMI patients in the eighth decade of life or older who underwent pPCI. The octogenarians were divided into two groups according to their median SSII (low SSII ≤ 43. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.016DOI Listing
March 2019
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Validity of simplified nutritional appetite questionnaire for Turkish community-dwelling elderly and determining cut-off according to mini nutritional assessment.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 16;83:31-36. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Family Medicine, Erciyes School of Medicine, Erciyes University, Melikgazi 38090, Turkey.

Background/objectives: The aim of this study was to determine a cut-off value for the SNAQ according to both the MNA long and MNA short forms and to assess whether the SNAQ can predict malnutrition or risk of malnutrition in the elderly.

Subjects/methods: Nutritional status was assessed both by the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) long and short forms. All demographic characteristics, mental status, depressive mood, functional status, and frailty were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.008DOI Listing

Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and severity of first-diagnosed bullous pemphigoid in older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 26;83:28-30. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

School of Medicine, Angers, France; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Angers University Hospital, University Memory Clinic of Angers, Research Center on Autonomy and Longevity, UPRES EA 4638, University of Angers, UNAM, Angers, France; Robarts Research Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Higher vitamin D status has been associated with symptom improvement and decreased risk of various autoimmune disorders. Our objective was to determine whether higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration correlated with less severe first-diagnosed bullous pemphigoid (BP) in older inpatients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed from November 2012 to February 2014 among 30 consecutive older inpatients (21 women; mean ± SD, 83 ± 7 years; all Caucasian) with a de novo diagnosis of active BP recruited in the Department of Dermatology of Angers University Hospital, France. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Characteristics of centenarians' lifestyles and their contribution to life satisfaction: A case study conducted on Hainan Island.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 26;83:20-27. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

Background: Centenarians represent an intriguing model for healthy aging. They appear to have adapted well to their lives and are likely to be influenced by previous lifestyle habits, and their life satisfaction is influenced by mental and psychological health.

Objective: The aim of this study is to explore centenarians' lifestyles by sex and their potential contribution to life satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.022DOI Listing
March 2019
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Effects of whey protein nutritional supplement on muscle function among community-dwelling frail older people: A multicenter study in China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 17;83:7-12. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Frailty, featured by the presence of fatigue, weight loss, decrease in grip strength, decline gait speed and reduced activities substantially increase the risk of falls, disability, hospitalizations, and mortality of older people. Nutritional supplementation and resistance exercise may improve muscle function and reverse frailty status.

Objective: To evaluate whether whey protein supplements can improve muscle function of frail older people in addition to resistance exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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The difference between self-perceived and chronological age in the elderly may correlate with general health, personality and the practice of good health behavior: A cross-sectional study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Mar 11;83:13-19. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Nurse, Faculty of Health Science, Kio University, 4-2-2 Koryo, Kitakatsuragi-gun, Nara, Japan; Health Promotion Center, Kio University, 4-2-2 Koryo, Kitakatsuragi-gun, Nara, Japan.

Background And Objective: For the elderly, maintaining a young self-perceived age has a positive impact on physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the discrepancy between self-perceived age and chronological age in regards to physical activity, instrumental activities of daily living, functional capacity, personality, general self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, and disease burden.

Methods: Participants were 3094 older adults from 2015 baseline data of the Keeping Active across Generations Uniting the Youth and the Aged study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Dying in hospital among nursing home residents with and without dementia in Germany.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:293-298. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Department of Health Services Research, Oldenburg, Germany.

Objectives: Nursing home residents (NHR) often suffer from dementia. As end-of-life care of NHR with dementia and without might differ, our aim was to investigate patterns of in-hospital deaths in NHR with and without dementia.

Design: Retrospective observational study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.013DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and carotid atherosclerosis in community-based older adults in China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Feb 19;83:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Geriatric Department, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

We explored the bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and measures of carotid atherosclerosis. This study included 1155 participants aged 55 years and older. Depressive symptoms was assessed by 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
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Further understanding of the Senior Fitness Test: Evidence from community-dwelling high function older adults in Hong Kong.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:286-292. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Sport and Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Objectives: This study examined the factor structure of the Senior Fitness Test and examined its measurement and structural invariance across participants with normal body weight and participants who were overweight.

Methods: Eight hundred and forty-five community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong participated in this study. Their functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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Understanding the role of DAF-16 mediated pathway in Caenorhabditis elegans during UV-A mediated photoaging process.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:279-285. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Biotechnology, Science Campus, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630 003, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Even though Sun is the major source of energy to all living beings in the universe, continuous and prolonged exposure to sunlight will lead to detrimental effects. Human skin will undergo extrinsic aging, known as photoaging upon prolonged exposure to sunlight which is characterized by wrinkles, dryness, loss of elasticity, and so on. The model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans which is widely used in aging studies, could be used to study photoaging also. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Relationship between grip strength and global muscle strength in community-dwelling older people.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:273-278. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Physiotherapy Course, Department of Health Sciences, Rehabilitation and Functional Performance Program, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Bandeirantes Avenue, 3900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, 14049-900, Brazil.

There are still conflicting results regarding the association between grip and global muscle strength in older people. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the association between grip strength and global muscle strength, as well as between grip strength and individual trunk, hip, knee and ankle muscle strengths.

Methods: Grip strength was assessed using a manual dynamometer, and trunk, hip, knee and ankle muscle strength with an isokinetic dynamometer, in order to obtain the global muscle strength variable, in 150 older men and women from the community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.005DOI Listing

Gender differences in four-year incidence of self-reported and performance-based functional disability: The International Mobility in Aging Study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:266-272. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Objectives: To examine differences in incidence of functional disability between older women and men.

Methods: 2002 participants (65-74 years) were recruited in 2012 from Canada, Brazil, Colombia, and Albania, and re-assessed in 2016. Three measures of functional disability were used (1) Difficulty in any of five mobility-related Activities of Daily Living (ADL disability); (2) Self-reported difficulty climbing a flight of stairs or walking 400 m (mobility disability); and (3) Poor physical performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Environmental predictors of objectively measured out-of-home time among older adults with cognitive decline.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:259-265. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Preventive Gerontology, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 7-430 Morioka, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan.

Background: Older adults with cognitive decline are vulnerable to various health problems. Going out of home for longer time could be beneficial for their health. Identifying modifiable predictors is essential for developing effective strategies that would increase time spent out-of-home by older adults. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01674943193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Dementia in immigrant groups: A cohort study of all adults 45 years of age and older in Sweden.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:251-258. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA; Center for Community-based Healthcare Research and Education (CoHRE), Department of Functional Pathology, School of Medicine, Shimane University, Japan.

Objective: To study the association between country of birth and incident dementia in several immigrant groups in Sweden.

Methods: The study population included all adults (n = 3,286,624) aged 45 years and older in Sweden. Dementia was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis of dementia in the National Patient Register. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Prevalence and determinants of driving habits in the oldest old: Results of the multicenter prospective AgeCoDe-AgeQualiDe study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:245-250. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Aim: To present data on the prevalence of driving habits and to identify the determinants of driving habits among the oldest old in Germany.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were used from the "Study on Needs, health service use, costs and health-related quality of life in a large sample of oldest-old primary care patients (85+)" (AgeQualiDe), including primary care patients aged 85 years and above (n = 549 at FU 9, mean age was 90.3 years; 86-101 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1.525 Impact Factor

Social exclusion, self-rated health and depression among older people in China: Evidence from a national survey of older persons.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:238-244. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Background: It is well established that social exclusion is a key social determinant of health; however, such association between social exclusion and health outcomes among older people remain a relatively under-researched area. This paper explores the effects of four dimensions of social exclusion on self-rated health and depression among older people in China.

Methods: This paper includes 8038 individuals aged 60 and over from the first wave national multi-stage probability sample (2014) from the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey (CLASS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pelvic floor disorders and health-related quality of life in older women: Results from the Women's Gynaecological Health study in Lieto, Finland.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:226-231. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Hospital District of Southwest Finland Turku, 20520, Turku, Finland; University of Turku, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, FI-20014, Finland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders and to describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older women. We also compared participants' HRQoL with the age-matched general female population and analysed factors associated with HRQoL.

Study Design: This is a population-based study of a cohort of women born in 1948 and in 1950 (n = 143) which is also part of the Women's Gynaecological Health study in Lieto, Finland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Effect of whey protein supplementation combined with resistance training on cellular health in pre-conditioned older women: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:232-237. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Highway Celso Garcia Cid, Londrina, Paraná, 86057-970, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aim: The purpose of study was to analyze the effects of a combined whey protein (WP) and RT intervention on cellular health in pre-conditioned older women.

Methods: The protocol is a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of seventy older women, divided into 3 groups: WP-placebo (WP-PLA, n = 24), placebo-WP (PLA-WP, n = 23), and placebo-placebo (PLA-PLA, n = 23). Each group drank 35 g of product (placebo or WP) pre- and post- training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Corrigendum to "Attachment style and filial obligation in the burden of caregivers of dementia patients" [Arch. Gerontol. Geriatr. 75 (2018) 104-111].

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:299. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine & SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Effects of a short-term interval aerobic training program with recovery bouts on vascular function in sedentary aged 70 or over: A randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:217-225. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Geriatric Department, University Hospitals of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; Department of Physiology and EA-3072, Faculty of Medicine, Strasbourg University, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Interval aerobic training programs with active recovery bouts (IATP-R) are reported as being more adapted to seniors while improving cardiorespiratory and endurance parameters. Report of benefits on vascular function is still limited.

Purpose: To measure the impact of IATP-R on vascular function among seniors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Gendered patterns of depression and its determinants in older Europeans.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:207-216. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Institute for Sociology, TU Dortmund University, Emil-Figge-Str. 50, 44227 Dortmund, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Few studies consider multiple pathways for explaining the gendered patterns of depression in Europe's aged population, although ageing is often associated with an increased exposure to risk factors for depression, and the relevance of these risk factors is likely to differ between countries.

Methods: Based on the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), we assess the relevance of gender inequalities in the exposure to psychosocial, socio-economic, and health-related factors for explaining the gender gap in depression. Further, we investigate the association between depressive symptoms and these explanatory variables by gender and analyse whether their relevance differs between countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019

The feasibility of a vision-based sensor for longitudinal monitoring of mobility in older adults with dementia.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:200-206. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Gait and balance functions decline through the course of dementia, and can serve as a marker of changes in physical status and falls risk. We have developed a technology (AMBIENT), based on a vision-based sensor, which enables the frequent, accurate, and unobtrusive measurement of gait and balance.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of using AMBIENT technology for frequent assessment of mobility in people with dementia within an inpatient setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Stress and perceived social isolation (loneliness).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:192-199. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico, Calle Juan del Rosal, 10 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Perceived Social Isolation or loneliness, a cognitive state with negative effects on health, is a global problem.

Objectives: Treatment of diagnosed loneliness is mostly through its physical (cardiovascular) and/or mental (depression, anxiety) health consequences, with limited success. Desired solitude is considered a means to wellbeing by Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), Evidence exists for the relevancy of developing stress-related medical factors which have demonstrated a prodromic or causal role in loneliness, depression and hopelessness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Determinants of depressive symptoms in Filipino senior citizens of the community-based ENGAGE study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:186-191. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: This study investigated the factors associated with depressive symptoms among community-dwelling Filipino senior citizens.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1021 Filipino senior citizens aged 60-91 years. We used multiple linear regression analysis to identify the factors independently associated with levels of depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Safety and outcomes of new generation hormone-therapy in elderly chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients in the real world.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:179-185. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Urology, Araba University Hospital, c/ José Atxotegi s/n, PC 01009, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Araba, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide are standard treatments for chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CN-mCRPC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of these medications in elderly (≥ 75 years old) compared with young CN-mCRPC patients in a real-world clinical setting. Secondarily, we explored the survival prognostic value of different anatomo-clinical factors in elderly group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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Factors associated with the prevalence of sarcopenia and frailty syndrome in elderly university workers.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:172-178. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Associated Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, State University of Londrina (UEL) and Universidade Norte do Paraná (UNOPAR), Paraná, PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Frailty and sarcopenia are highly prevalent, as a part of geriatric syndrome, among elderly individuals. However, little is known about how these syndromes can affect elderly individuals who continue to work.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of sarcopenia and frailty, and their individual and occupational factors among elderly individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictive value of percentage body fat in aging people with low muscle mass: A 2.2-year longitudinal study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:167-171. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No.28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of percentage body fat (PBF) in screening for the risk of low muscle mass (LMM) in elderly people.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out in Chinese PLA General Hospital with 413 participants who underwent baseline and an average 2.2-year follow-up health check-up examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Sociodemographic characteristics, disability trajectory, and health care and long-term care utilization among middle-old and older adults in Taiwan.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:161-166. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, No. 17, Xu-Zhou Road, Taipei City, 10055, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Objectives: To understand whether disability trajectories mediated the association between sociodemographic characteristics and later health care and long-term care services use.

Methods: Data were from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging Survey, 1996-2007 (N =3429). Latent class growth curves modeling and structural equation modeling were applied to examine the effect of disability trajectory as mediator on sociodemographic characteristics and on later services use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.01.019DOI Listing
January 2019

Associations of serum microRNA-20a, -27a, and -103a with cognitive function in a Japanese population: The Yakumo study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:155-160. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Fujita Health University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan; Department of Preventive Medical Sciences, Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulate gene expression by binding to target messenger RNAs, and play an important role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancers, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Circulating miRNAs have increasingly been recognized as biomarkers for detecting and diagnosing those diseases. Few studies have investigated the association of circulating miRNA with the early stages of cognitive impairment, such as mild cognitive impairment, in the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.01.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sleep quality, sleep duration and sexual health among older people: Findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:147-154. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Context: How sleep quality and sexual health are associated among community-dwelling individuals remains largely unknown.

Objective: We examined the association of sleep disturbance and sleep duration with a range of measures assessing sexual activities, functioning and concerns in a representative sample of older people.

Methods: Participants were community-dwelling adults aged 50-90+ years from wave 6 (2012/2013) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) who reported any sexual activity in the last year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Regional differences in morbidity profiles and health care use in the oldest old: Findings from two Centenarian Studies in Portugal.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:139-146. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar (ICBAS), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Background: The worldwide increase of human life expectancy and the rapid aging of the population will contribute to an increasing prevalence of chronic illness. Even so, individuals who reach very advanced ages often postpone or escape age-related diseases that are common causes of death.

Objective: This article aims to examine health-related characteristics of two distinct samples of Portuguese centenarians (one predominantly rural - PR vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019
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Associations of exercise, nutritional status, and smoking with cognitive decline among older adults in Taiwan: Results of a longitudinal population-based study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:133-138. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

This study aimed to explore the long-term effects of exercise, smoking, and nutritional status on cognitive reserve and changes in cognitive function among Taiwanese adults aged ≥65 years. Data were obtained from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study of Aging, a national representative population-based cohort study. Results showed that the average baseline scores on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) and Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with masseter muscle quality assessed from ultrasonography in community-dwelling elderly individuals: A cross-sectional study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:128-132. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Associations between masseter muscle thickness(MMT) and limb muscle thickness, and between grip strength and MMT, as well as tooth-loss, have been reported previously. The previous study also showed that masseter muscle mass could be a better marker of sarcopenia than psoas muscle mass. Although the association between MMT and muscle strength is also known, the quality of the masseter muscle were not assessed in detail previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk and protective factors associated with domestic abuse among older Chinese in the People's Republic of China.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 May - Jun;82:120-127. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objectives: To identify risk and protective factors associated with elder abuse among older Chinese with cognitive and physical impairment in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Methods: 1002 dyads of care recipients and family caregivers were interviewed.

Results: The mutually reported rates were 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read