1,156 results match your criteria Archives of environmental & occupational health[Journal]


Dating glacier ice of the last millennium by quantum technology.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Kirchhoff-Institute for Physics, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Radiometric dating with Ar covers a unique time span and offers key advances in interpreting environmental archives of the last millennium. Although this tracer has been acknowledged for decades, studies so far have been limited by the low abundance and radioactivity, thus requiring huge sample sizes. Atom trap trace analysis, an application of techniques from quantum physics such as laser cooling and trapping, allows us to reduce the sample volume by several orders of magnitude compared with conventional techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1816468116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Discriminating sources and preservation of organic matter in surface sediments from five Antarctic lakes in the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island) by lipid biomarkers and compound-specific isotopic analysis.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 1;672:657-668. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Centro Universitário Regional Este, CURE-Rocha, Universidad de la República, Ruta 9 y Ruta 15 s/n, Uruguay; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Oceanografia Física, Química e Geológica, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Av. Itália, km 8, Cx.P. 474, 96201-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Lakes are important paleoenvironmental archives retaining abundant information due to their typical high sedimentation rates and susceptibility to environmental changes. Here, we scrutinize the organic matter (OM) composition, origin and preservation state in surface sediments from five lakes in a remote, warming-sensitive, and poorly explored region partially covered by the retreating Collins Glacier in King George Island (Antarctica), the Fildes Peninsula. Lipid biomarkers of terrestrial origin (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.459DOI Listing

"-Omics" workflow for paleolimnological and geological archives: A review.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 2;672:438-455. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Laboratory for the Analysis of Natural and Synthetic Environmental Toxicants, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada. Electronic address:

"-Omics" is a powerful screening method with applications in molecular biology, toxicology, wildlife biology, natural product discovery, and many other fields. Genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics are common examples included under the "-omics" umbrella. This screening method uses combinations of untargeted, semi-targeted, and targeted analyses paired with data mining to facilitate researchers' understanding of the genome, proteins, and small organic molecules in biological systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.477DOI Listing

A century of the Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2019 ;74(1-2):1-10

a School of Information Studies , Charles Sturt University , New South Wales , Australia , Australia.

With this issue, the Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health celebrates 100 years of continuous publication since its foundation as the Journal of Industrial Hygiene in 1919. During its first century, the Archives established an extraordinary legacy in the development of no less than three fields of research and practice: (1) occupational medicine, (2) industrial hygiene, and (3) air pollution studies and regulation. Its contribution to American environmental protection standards in air quality was particularly important, as the journal served as a major outlet for crucial air pollution research during the early years of the new United States Environmental Protection Agency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2018.1563441DOI Listing
January 2019

Self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms among dentists in Saudi Arabia.

Ind Health 2019 ;57(2):r1

The following article has been retracted by the Editorial Board of Industrial Health. This original article is a duplicated article which was previously published entitled "Prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms among dental students and dental practitioners in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia" in Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, Volume 73, Number 1, 56-63, 2018 (Received June 15, 2016 and accepted February 19, 2017). In accordance with policies and procedures governing academic publication, we concluded that this article published in Industrial Health be retracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2016-0174rDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449642PMC
January 2019

Geochemical study of carbonate concretions from the aqueduct of Nîmes (southern France): a climatic record for the first centuries AD?

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 26;9(1):5209. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Sorbonne Université, CNRS-INSU, Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris, ISTeP, F-75005, Paris, France.

The first centuries AD in the Mediterranean region have generally been associated with a warm, stable climate. High-resolution sedimentary archives sensitive to local environmental change are needed to switch from this general frame to the regional scale. Similarly to cave speleothems, laminated carbonate deposits can grow in the channels of aqueducts which transported water from karstic springs during the Roman period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41620-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435730PMC

In situ reconstruction of long-term extreme flooding magnitudes and frequencies based on geological archives.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jun 6;670:8-17. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia.

Extreme flooding magnitudes and frequencies are essentially related to assessment of risk and reliability in hydrological design. Extreme flooding and its discharge are highly sensitive to regional climate change. Presently, its discharge can be reconstructed by a geological archive or record along the river valley. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.066DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads
4.099 Impact Factor

Direct Injection Liquid Chromatography High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry for Determination of Primary and Secondary Terrestrial and Marine Biomarkers in Ice Cores.

Anal Chem 2019 Apr 29;91(8):5051-5057. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Chemistry , University of Cambridge , Lensfield Road , Cambridge CB2 1EW , United Kingdom.

Many atmospheric organic compounds are long-lived enough to be transported from their sources to polar regions and high mountain environments where they can be trapped in ice archives. While inorganic components in ice archives have been studied extensively to identify past climate changes, organic compounds have rarely been used to assess paleo-environmental changes, mainly due to the lack of suitable analytical methods. This study presents a new method of direct injection high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) analysis, without the need of preconcentrating the melted ice, for the determination of a series of novel biomarkers in ice core samples indicative of primary and secondary terrestrial and marine organic aerosol sources. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05224DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Big data in radiation biology and epidemiology; an overview of the historical and contemporary landscape of data and biomaterial archives.

Int J Radiat Biol 2019 Mar 19:1-18. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

b Bundesamt fuer Strahlenschutz , Neuherberg , Germany.

Over the past 60 years a great number of very large datasets have been generated from the experimental exposure of animals to external radiation and internal contamination. This accumulation of 'big data' has been matched by increasingly large epidemiological studies from accidental and occupational radiation exposure, and from plants, humans and other animals affected by environmental contamination. We review the creation, sustainability and reuse of this legacy data, and discuss the importance of Open data and biomaterial archives for contemporary radiobiological sciences, radioecology and epidemiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09553002.2019.1589026DOI Listing

The influence of the lunar cycle on spontaneous deliveries in historical rural environments.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Mar 2;236:22-25. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Stellenbosch University, Department of History, Wilcocks Building Room 3028, c/o Ryneveld and Victoria Street, 7600 Stellenbosch, South Africa. Electronic address:

Background: Many societies and their medical practitioners throughout the world have historically linked lunar phases to the frequency of births. During more recent decades, academics have discussed this alleged relationship using modern data, obtaining differing results.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyse the relationship between the phases of the moon and the frequency of deliveries in a rural historical context without electricity, and among women of low nutritional status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2019.02.020DOI Listing

Using tree rings to track atmospheric mercury pollution in Australia: the legacy of mining in Tasmania.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Historical records of mercury (Hg) deposition in lake sediments have commonly been used to monitor historic atmospheric concentrations. In the Australian environment, however, freshwater lakes are limited, restricting the region for which depositional archives of Hg can be derived. In this study we show that dendrochemistry can provide a record of atmospheric concentrations at the annual scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06712DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of the Suitability of Tree Rings as Archives of Global and Regional Atmospheric Mercury Pollution.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 21;53(7):3663-3671. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Science , University of Nevada-Reno , Reno , Nevada 89557 , United States.

This study investigated the methodology and utility of dendrochemistry in the assessment of spatial and temporal concentrations of gaseous elemental mercury. Tree cores from the Pinus species in California and Nevada, U.S. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.8b06786
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06786DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Phased Patagonian Ice Sheet response to Southern Hemisphere atmospheric and oceanic warming between 18 and 17 ka.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 11;9(1):4133. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Centre for Quaternary Research, Geography Department, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, TW20 0EX, Surrey, UK.

The onset of deglaciation in the Southern Hemisphere mid-latitudes has been attributed to the southward transmission of climate anomalies in response to slow-down of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS-1; 18-14.6 ka). However, inferences on the response of former ice sheets to sub-millennial palaeoclimate shifts are limited by a shortage of high-resolution terrestrial archives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39750-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411896PMC

Multiradionuclide evidence for an extreme solar proton event around 2,610 B.P. (∼660 BC).

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Mar 11;116(13):5961-5966. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Geology-Quaternary Sciences, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden;

Recently, it has been confirmed that extreme solar proton events can lead to significantly increased atmospheric production rates of cosmogenic radionuclides. Evidence of such events is recorded in annually resolved natural archives, such as tree rings [carbon-14 (C)] and ice cores [beryllium-10 (Be), chlorine-36 (Cl)]. Here, we show evidence for an extreme solar event around 2,610 years B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1815725116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442557PMC

A Tandem Evolutionary Algorithm for Identifying Causal Rules from Complex Data.

Evol Comput 2019 Feb 28:1-32. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Computer Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05405, USA

We propose a new evolutionary approach for discovering causal rules in complex classification problems from batch data. Key aspects include (a) the use of a hypergeometric probability mass function as a principled statistic for assessing fitness that quantifies the probability that the observed association between a given clause and target class is due to chance, taking into account the size of the dataset, the amount of missing data, and the distribution of outcome categories, (b) tandem age-layered evolutionary algorithms for evolving parsimonious archives of conjunctive clauses, and disjunctions of these conjunctions, each of which have probabilistically significant associations with outcome classes, and (c) separate archive bins for clauses of different orders, with dynamically-adjusted order-specific thresholds. The method is validated on majority-on and multiplexer benchmark problems exhibiting various combinations of heterogeneity, epistasis, overlap, noise in class associations, missing data, extraneous features, and imbalanced classes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/evco_a_00252DOI Listing
February 2019

Femur associated with the Deep Skull from the West Mouth of the Niah Caves (Sarawak, Malaysia).

J Hum Evol 2019 Feb 28;127:133-148. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Sarawak Museum Department, Jalan Barak, Kuching, Sarawak, 93000, Malaysia.

The skeletal remains of Pleistocene anatomically modern humans are rare in island Southeast Asia. Moreover, continuing doubts over the dating of most of these finds has left the arrival time for the region's earliest inhabitants an open question. The unique biogeography of island Southeast Asia also raises questions about the physical and cultural adaptations of early anatomically modern humans, especially within the setting of rainforest inhabitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Palaeogenomics of the Hydrocarbon Producing Microalga Botryococcus braunii.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 11;9(1):1776. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Biosciences, College of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK.

Botryococcus braunii is a colonial microalga that appears early in the fossil record and is a sensitive proxy of environmental and hydroclimatic conditions. Palaeozoic Botryococcus fossils which contribute up to 90% of oil shales and approximately 1% of crude oil, co-localise with diagnostic geolipids from the degradation of source-signature hydrocarbons. However more recent Holocene sediments demonstrate no such association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38236-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370823PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

In vitro biodegradation potential of airborne Aspergilli and Penicillia.

Naturwissenschaften 2019 Feb 8;106(3-4). Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden "Jevremovac", University of Belgrade, Takovska 43, Belgrade, 11 000, Serbia.

The study addresses in vitro degradation potential of airborne Aspergillus and Penicillium/Talarmyces species originating from cultural heritage conservation premises. A series of rapid, cost effective biodegradation assays were performed to assess production of extracellular pigments, acids, and enzymes. Most of the isolates have demonstrated positive growth in at least one of the preformed tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-019-1603-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Opinion: To curate the molecular past, museums need a carefully considered set of best practices.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 01;116(5):1471-1474

Laboratories for Molecular Anthropology and Microbiome Research, Stephenson Research and Technology Center, Norman, OK, 73019;

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1822038116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358678PMC
January 2019

Culturally modified trees or wasted timber: Different approaches to marked trees in Poland's Białowieża Forest.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(1):e0211025. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of the Natural and Built Environment, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Studies of past forest use traditions are crucial in both understanding the present state of the oldest European forests, and in guiding decisions on future forest conservation and management. Current management of Poland's Białowieża Forest (BF), one of the best-preserved forests of the European lowlands, is heavily influenced by anecdotal knowledge on forest history. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge of the forest's past in order to answer questions about its historical administration, utilisation, and associated anthropogenic changes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211025PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343906PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Spatio-temporal analysis of land use dynamics and its potential indications on land surface temperature in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria.

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Dec 19;5(12):180661. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Land use change is the main driving force of global environmental change and is considered as most central to various debates on sustainable development. Even though a large volume of literature materials is available on land use/land cover change for many areas, very little work has been done on land use and its implications on land surface thermal characteristics over the Sokoto area of Nigeria, despite the strategic importance of the zone, including urbanization, increased population as well as the climate in the area, which is dominated by warm harmattan wind blowing Sahara dust inland. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the implications of urban growth on temporal variations of land surface temperature (LST) using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) techniques over Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria between 1986 and 2016. Read More

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http://www.royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.18066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304134PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Analysis of the Preserved Amino Acid Bias in Peptide Profiles of Iron Age Teeth from a Tropical Environment Enable Sexing of Individuals Using Amelogenin MRM.

Proteomics 2019 Mar 18;19(5):e1800341. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

PERAHU, Griffith Centre for Social and Cultural Research & School of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast campus, QLD, 4222, Australia.

The first dental proteomic profile of Iron Age individuals (ca. 2000-1000 years B.P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.201800341DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Fossil pollen and spores as a tool for reconstructing ancient solar-ultraviolet irradiance received by plants: an assessment of prospects and challenges using proxy-system modelling.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2019 Feb;18(2):275-294

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bergen, Norway.

Ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-315 nm) constitutes less than 1% of the total solar radiation that reaches the Earth's surface but has a disproportional impact on biological and ecological processes from the individual to the ecosystem level. Absorption of UV-B by ozone is also one of the primary heat sources to the stratosphere, so variations in UV-B have important relationships to the Earth's radiation budget. Yet despite its importance for understanding atmospheric and ecological processes, there is limited understanding about the changes in UV-B radiation in the geological past. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp00490kDOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

New taxa of the genus Phlugiolopsis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Meconematinae) from Yunnan, China, with comments on the importance to taxonomy of the left tegmen.

Authors:
Xun Bian Fuming Shi

Zootaxa 2018 Dec 19;4532(3):341-366. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, China, Guilin 541004, China College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China.

The relationships among the Phlugiolopsis species are poorly understood. In this paper, three new subgenera are proposed and four new species are described from Yunnan, China. The microstructures of male stridulatory files are examined for selected species of Phlugiolopsis using scanning electron micrographs (SEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4532.3.2DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Archiving of Integrative Structural Models.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018;1105:261-272

RCSB Protein Data Bank, Institute for Quantitative Biomedicine, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, USA.

Integrative or hybrid structural biology involves the determination of three-dimensional structures of macromolecular assemblies by combining information from a variety of experimental and computational methods. Archiving the results of integrative/hybrid modeling methods have complex requirements and existing archiving mechanisms are insufficient to handle these pre-requisites. Three concepts important for archiving integrative/hybrid models are presented in this chapter: (1) building a federated network of structural model and experimental data archives, (2) development of a common set of data standards, and (3) creation of mechanisms for interoperation and data exchange among the repositories in a federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_16DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Small Angle Scattering and Structural Biology: Data Quality and Model Validation.

Authors:
Jill Trewhella

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018;1105:77-100

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This chapter provides a brief review of the current state-of-the-art in small-angle scattering (SAS) from biomolecules in solution in regard to: (1) sample preparation and instrumentation, (2) data reduction and analysis, and (3) three-dimensional structural modelling and validation. In this context, areas of ongoing research in regard to the interpretation of SAS data will be discussed with a particular focus on structural modelling using computational methods and data from different experimental techniques, including SAS (hybrid methods). Finally, progress made in establishing community accepted publication guidelines and a standard reporting framework that includes SAS data deposition in a public data bank will be described. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_7DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Genetic association with high-resolution climate data reveals selection footprints in the genomes of barley landraces across the Iberian Peninsula.

Mol Ecol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD-CSIC), Zaragoza, Spain.

Landraces are local populations of crop plants adapted to a particular environment. Extant landraces are surviving genetic archives, keeping signatures of the selection processes experienced by them until settling in their current niches. This study intends to establish relationships between genetic diversity of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/mec.15009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15009DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The freshwater crabs of Macau, with the description of a new species of Bott, 1968 and the redescription of Cheng, Yang, Zhong & Li, 2003 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Potamidae).

Zookeys 2018 20(810):91-111. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Palaeontology, Geobiology and Earth Archives Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia University of New South Wales Kensington Australia.

Four species of freshwater crabs from three genera and two families ( Huang, Ahyong & Shih, 2017, Dai, 1997, , and Ng & Dudgeon, 1992) are documented from Macau for the first time. One new species, , is described. The large flap on the male first gonopod terminal segment sets it apart from all other known congeners except Cheng, Yang, Zhong & Li, 2003, from Fujian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.810.30726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308228PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A unified framework for land cover monitoring based on a discrete global sampling grid (GSG).

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Jan 3;191(2):46. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Forest Inventory and Remote Sensing, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Environmental monitoring and assessment of the extent and change of land uses and their renewable natural resources over time is a key element in many international processes and one crucial basis for sustainable management. Remote sensing plays an increasingly important role in these monitoring systems, especially if the interest is in large areas. Integration of remote sensing requires comprehensive and careful preprocessing and a high level of expertise which is not always at hand in all applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-7152-yDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Ancient nuclear genomes enable repatriation of Indigenous human remains.

Sci Adv 2018 Dec 19;4(12):eaau5064. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia.

After European colonization, the ancestral remains of Indigenous people were often collected for scientific research or display in museum collections. For many decades, Indigenous people, including Native Americans and Aboriginal Australians, have fought for their return. However, many of these remains have no recorded provenance, making their repatriation very difficult or impossible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau5064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300400PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Fungicidal Effects of Ultraviolet Light (254 nm) Irradiation on Contaminated Museum Packing and Storing Materials.

Biocontrol Sci 2018 ;23(4):177-186

Graduate School of Conservation and Cultural Properties, Tokyo University of the Art.

In storage of modern museums, collections are packed and stored with acid-free paper-based materials for keeping safe and stable conditions. Direct contact of fungal contaminated packing and storing materials with the collections is concerned about expanding of infection in storage facilities. In this study, fungicidal effects of UV light irradiation on the materials such as archival board and Japanese tissue paper contaminated with Penicilliun commune and Chaetomium globosum were tested. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bio/23/4/23_177/_articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4265/bio.23.177DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Author Correction: Tree rings reveal globally coherent signature of cosmogenic radiocarbon events in 774 and 993 CE.

Nat Commun 2018 12 17;9(1):5399. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Geography, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK.

The original version of this Article contained an error in the Data Availability section, which incorrectly read 'All data will be freely available via https://www.ams.ethz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07636-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297216PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

The Historical Face of Narcotic Revisited: A Chinese City's Fifty-Year Quest for Hygienic Modernity, 1900-49.

Authors:
Jianan Huang

Med Hist 2019 01;63(1):82-94

For decades, people have viewed narcotics as a devil impeding the modernisation of China, but they have recently been faced with the challenge of declaring that narcotics are harmless in some instances. A deeper understanding of this issue requires historical approaches which show that the demonisation of narcotics has mainly been a political pursuit. In re-examining the drug problem and its correlation to political and socio-economic issues, data statistics based on substantial archives in modern China play a crucial role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2018.64DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Tractor rollover fatalities, analyzing accident scenario.

J Safety Res 2018 Dec 5;67:99-106. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: In many countries, traditional data sources for collecting injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance have recently been integrated by new observatories whose results may differ. A comparative analysis of the Italian data collection systems related to fatal tractor accidents in agriculture was performed focusing on tractor rollover fatalities with the aim of analyzing the accident scenario.

Method: Data from the Operational Archives of the Italian Workers Compensation Authority (INAIL), which collects injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance and those of the National Surveillance System (INAIL_ASL), which provides narrative text reports of work-related fatal accidents have been analyzed and compared to the information collected by the INAIL Observatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.09.015DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Mineralized microbialites as archives of environmental evolution, Laguna Negra, Catamarca Province, Argentina.

Geobiology 2019 03 13;17(2):199-222. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Environmental fluctuations are recorded in a variety of sedimentary archives of lacustrine depositional systems. Geochemical signals recovered from bottom sediments in closed-basin lakes are among the most sensitive paleoenvironmental indicators and are commonly used in reconstructing lake evolution. Microbialites (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gbi.12327DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Re: Gi et al. 2018, In vivo positive mutagenicity of 1,4-dioxane and quantitative analysis of its mutagenicity and carcinogenicity in rats, Archives of Toxicology 92:3207-3221.

Arch Toxicol 2019 Jan 11;93(1):211-212. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00204-018-2370-1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
5.980 Impact Factor

Salt-Enrichment Impact on Biomass Production in a Natural Population of Peatland Dwelling Arcellinida and Euglyphida (Testate Amoebae).

Microb Ecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK.

Unicellular free-living microbial eukaryotes of the order Arcellinida (Tubulinea; Amoebozoa) and Euglyphida (Cercozoa; SAR), commonly termed testate amoebae, colonise almost every freshwater ecosystem on Earth. Patterns in the distribution and productivity of these organisms are strongly linked to abiotic conditions-particularly moisture availability and temperature-however, the ecological impacts of changes in salinity remain poorly documented. Here, we examine how variable salt concentrations affect a natural community of Arcellinida and Euglyphida on a freshwater sub-Antarctic peatland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-018-1296-8DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Livestock management, beaver, and climate influences on riparian vegetation in a semi-arid landscape.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0208928. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

US Bureau of Land Management, Vale, Oregon, United States of America.

Riparian and aquatic habitats support biodiversity and key environmental processes in semi-arid and arid landscapes, but stressors such as conventional livestock grazing, wildfire, and drought can degrade their condition. To enhance habitat for fish and wildlife and increase resiliency in these critical areas, land managers in the interior western United States increasingly use alternative grazing strategies, beaver management, or beaver dam surrogates as low-effort, low-expense restoration approaches. In this study we used historical archives of satellite and aerial imagery spanning three decades to characterize riparian vegetation productivity and document beaver dam occurrences, then evaluated vegetation productivity relative to land management associated with livestock grazing and beaver dam densities while accounting for climate and wildfire. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208928PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289506PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Measuring the social impact of nursing research: An insight into altmetrics.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The University of Jordan Accreditation and Quality Assurance Center, Amman, Jordan.

Aims: The objectives of this study were to (a) identify nursing journal articles that provoked the most online activity and discussion and (b) assess the association between these articles' altmetric scores and publication characteristics, citation counts; and publishing journals metrics.

Background: Altmetrics, or alternative metrics, have recently emerged as a complementary way of measuring the societal impact of research by assessing the public engagement with research output. To date, no studies have yet investigated the online attention about scientific papers published in the nursing field. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jan.13921
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13921DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads
1.685 Impact Factor

Evolution and extinction of the giant rhinoceros Elasmotherium sibiricum sheds light on late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 01 26;3(1):31-38. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, UK.

Understanding extinction events requires an unbiased record of the chronology and ecology of victims and survivors. The rhinoceros Elasmotherium sibiricum, known as the 'Siberian unicorn', was believed to have gone extinct around 200,000 years ago-well before the late Quaternary megafaunal extinction event. However, no absolute dating, genetic analysis or quantitative ecological assessment of this species has been undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0722-0DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Climate Regimes Override Micro-Site Effects on the Summer Temperature Signal of Scots Pine at Its Northern Distribution Limits.

Front Plant Sci 2018 8;9:1597. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Tree growth at northern boreal treelines is generally limited by summer temperature, hence tree rings serve as natural archives of past climatic conditions. However, there is increasing evidence that a changing summer climate as well as certain micro-site conditions can lead to a weakening or loss of the summer temperature signal in trees growing in treeline environments. This phenomenon poses a challenge to all applications relying on stable temperature-growth relationships such as temperature reconstructions and dynamic vegetation models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235909PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Spatial and temporal distribution of heavy metal concentrations and enrichment in the southern Gulf of Mexico.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 10;651(Pt 2):3174-3186. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Unidad Académica de Ecología y Biodiversidad Acuática, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico. Electronic address:

Trace element (As, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) enrichment trends during the past century, were assessed in thirteen Pb-dated sediment cores from the southern Gulf of Mexico, with the purpose to evaluate the impact on the environment, and potentially on public health, of the offshore oil industry and of oil spills such as that of the Ixtoc1 well blowout in 1979. The trace element composition was quite homogeneous among cores; and the pre-industrial concentrations of Ba, Cr, Cu and Ni are naturally high in the region, as to reach levels of potential ecological concern. The influence of multiple and simultaneous processes (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.109DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Footprints from the past: The influence of past human activities on vegetation and soil across five archaeological sites in Greenland.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 8;654:895-905. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Center for Permafrost (CENPERM), Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K. Denmark. Electronic address:

Climate change has irrevocable consequences for the otherwise well-preserved archaeological deposits in the Arctic. Vegetation changes are expected to impact archaeological sites, but currently the effects are poorly understood. In this article we investigate five archaeological sites and the surrounding natural areas along a climate gradient in Southwest Greenland in terms of vegetation types, above- and below-ground biomass, soil geochemistry and spectral properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.018DOI Listing
March 2019
14 Reads

The State Scientific Automated Medical Registry, Kazakhstan: an important resource for low-dose radiation health research.

Radiat Environ Biophys 2019 Mar 16;58(1):1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 96372, Lyon Cedex 08, France.

Direct quantitative assessment of health risks following exposure to ionizing radiation is based on findings from epidemiological studies. Populations affected by nuclear bomb testing are among those that allow such assessment. The population living around the former Soviet Union's Semipalatinsk nuclear test site is one of the largest human cohorts exposed to radiation from nuclear weapons tests. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00411-018-0762-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-018-0762-5DOI Listing
March 2019
19 Reads

The informative value of museum collections for ecology and conservation: A comparison with target sampling in the Brazilian Atlantic forest.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(11):e0205710. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB-UMR 7205)-Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, CNRS, Ecole Pratique de Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne Université -CP50, Paris, France.

Since two decades the richness and potential of natural history collections (NHC) were rediscovered and emphasized, promoting a revolution in the access on data of species occurrence, and fostering the development of several disciplines. Nevertheless, due to their inherent erratic nature, NHC data are plagued by several biases. Understanding these biases is a major issue, particularly because ecological niche models (ENMs) are based on the assumption that data are not biased. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205710PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235285PMC

Evaluation of long-term estuarine vegetation changes through Landsat imagery.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 31;653:512-522. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

CESAM - Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Salt marshes support estuarine biodiversity and provide ecosystem services; however, their general decay is being observed worldwide, in large part due to land reclamation. Accordingly, there is a growing concern about salt marsh preservation status having in mind the promotion of effective management decisions towards their conservation and restoration. Satellite imagery offers the opportunity to monitor land surface dynamics, constituting a fundamental information source for wetland monitoring. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697183428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.381DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

The Jewish doctors involved in the development of health resorts in eastern Galicia at the late 19th and early 20th century (Central and Eastern Europe).

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2018 Nov 7;130(21-22):680-685. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Institute of Biology, Faculty of Biology and Animal Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: The involvement of Jewish doctors and scientists in the development of health resorts in eastern Galicia (part of the Austrian monarchy after 1772, and since 1918 as part of independent Poland, now part of Ukraine) is unquestionable; however, awareness of this fact is not that common. Meanwhile, also due to their work and activity, small borderland resorts became important medical, cultural and social centers of the region. The involvement of Jewish doctors in the development of Galician health resorts resulted from, among others, the rich and multi-layered tradition and integration of Judaism with the hygiene regulations and moral principles of the religion. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00508-018-1401-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1401-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244852PMC
November 2018
21 Reads

Using museum specimens to estimate broad-scale species richness: Exploring the performance of individual-based and spatially explicit rarefaction.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0204484. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Center for Conservation and Sustainable Development, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO United States of America.

Estimates of spatial patterns of broad-scale species richness are central to major questions in ecology, evolution and conservation. Yet, they are scarce due to incomplete information on species distributions. Often the only germane data derives from museum specimens collected during non-standardized sampling. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204484PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209151PMC

Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in 'Green Arabia'.

Nat Ecol Evol 2018 12 29;2(12):1871-1878. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany.

Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9DOI Listing
December 2018
34 Reads

A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank.

Evol Appl 2018 Oct 29;11(9):1715-1731. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Tulane University New Orleans Louisiana.

Stratigraphic accretion of dormant propagules in soil can result in natural archives useful for studying ecological and evolutionary responses to environmental change. Few attempts have been made, however, to use soil-stored seed banks as natural archives, in part because of concerns over nonrandom attrition and mixed stratification. Here, we examine the persistent seed bank of , a foundational brackish marsh sedge, to determine whether it can serve as a resource for reconstructing historical records of demographic and population genetic variation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/eva.12675
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12675DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6183470PMC
October 2018
29 Reads