351 results match your criteria Archives of craniofacial surgery[Journal]


Venous obstruction in free flap transfer due to severe stenosis of superficial temporal vein.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):141-142. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206456PMC

Epidermoid cyst in temple area with skull perforation.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):137-140. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Epidermoid cysts are benign tumors that account for approximately 1% of intracranial tumors. In very rare cases, temporally located extradural intradiploic epidermoid cysts can cause neurological symptoms and skull perforation. Herein, we report the case of a 34-year-old woman who underwent successful treatment of an epidermoid cyst in the temporal region accompanied by neurological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206461PMC

Primary amelanotic melanoma of the mandibular gingiva.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):132-136. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Departments of Pathology, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Oral mucosal melanoma is a very rare type of malignant melanoma, the characteristics of which differ from those of cutaneous melanoma. Primary amelanotic melanoma of the mandibular gingiva, which can invade the mandibular bone, is very rare worldwide. Here, we report a case in which we performed a reconstruction of the mandible and gingiva using the fibula osteocutaneous free flap procedure to treat a patient diagnosed with a primary amelanotic melanoma of the mandibular gingiva. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206460PMC

Klebsiella pneumoniae necrotizing fasciitis on the upper lip in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):127-131. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

A 60-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure was admitted to the hospital with severe pain in the upper lip, which began 4 days prior to admission, accompanied by a bullous lesion and suspected cellulitis in the upper lip. Immediately after admission, as the patient´s general condition worsened, tests revealed a non-ST elevated myocardial infarction, septic embolism of the lung, as well as septic shock. Her upper lip suddenly presented a gangrenous and necrotic change, which the tissue and blood culture confirmed to be a Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206462PMC

Skin malignancy initially misdiagnosed as a benign epidermal cyst.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):123-126. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Skin cancer, which often occurs as a result of skin exposure to ultraviolet light radiation, usually presents with characteristic abnormal features, such as ulcerative lesions, irregular morphology, bleeding, and excessive growth. Therefore, skin cancer rarely resembles a benign tumor on visual inspection. Nonetheless, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma with nodular or polypoid features can have a similar appearance to that of benign tumors, meaning that they are sometimes misdiagnosed as benign. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206464PMC

Early surgical correction of microstomia following Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):119-122. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea.

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare disease in which extensive toxic epidermolysis occurs after medication. Skin and mucous membranes are involved in about 90% of SJS cases, and webbing of mouth corners (microstomia) may occur when they are affected. Few reports have been issued on microstomia in SJS, and no consensus has been reached regarding treatment methods, timings, or results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206467PMC

Extensive and aggressive growth of adenoid cystic carcinoma in the lacrimal gland.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):114-118. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) in the lacrimal gland is a very rare disease with poor overall prognosis. Its primary treatment is surgical excision, including orbital exenteration and radical orbitectomy, which is combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Age, histopathologic type, bone invasion, and tumor extent are known factors that affect the prognosis of ACC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206458PMC

Combined treatment of surgery and sclerotherapy for sinus pericranii.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):109-113. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Sinus pericranii is a rare vascular anomaly characterized by abnormal venous communication between the inner and outer regions of the cranial cavity. Here, we report a case of sinus pericranii and venous malformations in the right periorbital region of a 2-year-old girl. Radiologic findings showed venous malformations in the right parietal region communicating with the superior sagittal sinus in the intracranial region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00521DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206457PMC

Late presenting bilateral squamosal synostosis.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):106-108. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Australian Craniofacial Unit, Adelaide, Australia.

Premature fusion of one or other of the minor sutures can subtly influence the shape of the human skull. Although infrequently reported or not clinically recognized, it can such contribute to a variety of craniofacial dysmorphisms. We herein report a case of late presenting, isolated bilateral synostosis of the squamosal suture dysmorphologies whose presentation mimics aspects of sagittal synostosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206455PMC

Biodegradable implants for orbital wall fracture reconstruction.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):99-105. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Due to the different handling properties of unsintered hydroxyapatite particles/poly-L-lactic acid (uHA/PLLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL), we compared the surgical outcomes and the postoperative implantation accuracy between uHA/PLLA and PCL meshes in orbital fracture repair.
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Methods: Patients undergoing orbital wall reconstruction with PCL and uHA/PLLA mesh, between 2017 and 2019, were investigated retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206463PMC

The efficacy of dermofat grafts from the groin for correction of acquired facial deformities.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):92-98. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Posttraumatic acquired facial deformities require surgical treatment, with options including scar revision, fat grafts, implant insertion, and flap coverage. However, each technique has specific advantages and disadvantages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206454PMC

A retrospective study of changes in skin cancer characteristics over 11 years.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):87-91. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Background: The incidence of skin cancer, which is primarily caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation, has steadily increased in recent years. The authors of the present study sought to investigate changes in the epidemiology of skin cancer by conducting a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with skin cancer who received related care at a single medical institution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206466PMC

Diagnosis and treatment of positional plagiocephaly.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):80-86. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Positional plagiocephaly is increasing in infants. Positional plagiocephaly is an asymmetric deformation of skull due to various reasons; first birth, assisted labor, multiple pregnancy, prematurity, congenital muscular torticollis and position of head. Positional plagiocephaly can mostly be diagnosed clinically and by physical examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206465PMC

Critical consideration of the Archives of Craniofacial Surgery journal homepage and tips for using its helpful features.

Authors:
Kang Young Choi

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):77-79. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206459PMC

Salvage of an exposed cranial prosthetic implant using a transposition flap with an indwelling antibiotic irrigation system.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):73-76. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.

Cranial implant removal is recommended if implants become exposed owing to scalp necrosis after cranioplasty. However, it carries the risk of extensive bleeding, and the resultant cranial defects can cause both aesthetic and functional problems. We present a case of a scalp defect exposing a cranial prosthetic implant that was reconstructed with a local flap and salvaged using an indwelling antibiotic irrigation system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00647DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054194PMC
February 2020

Flap reconstruction of soft tissue defect after resecting a huge hemangioma of the nose.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):69-72. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.

Hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor that grows by endothelial cell hyperplasia. It occurs most frequently in the head and neck region. Nose reconstruction is tricky because of its unique threedimensional structure and different tissue components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054197PMC
February 2020

Image-guided navigation surgery for bilateral choanal atresia with a Tessier number 3 facial cleft in an adult.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):64-68. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

The coexistence of craniofacial cleft and bilateral choanal atresia has only been reported in three cases in the literature, and only one of those cases involved a Tessier number 3 facial cleft. It is also rare for bilateral choanal atresia to be found in adulthood, with 10 previous cases reported in the literature. This report presents the case of a 19-year-old woman with a Tessier number 3 facial cleft who was diagnosed with bilateral choanal atresia in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054193PMC
February 2020

A spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma on the cheek presenting with in-transit metastases and a satellite lesion.

Authors:
Eui-Tae Lee

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):58-63. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a biphasic tumor composed of squamous cell epithelial and spindle cell mesenchymal components, both of which are malignant. Cutaneous SpSCC can cause diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties because of its rarity, heterogeneity, morphological similarity to other cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms, and uncertain pathogenesis and prognosis, particularly when the squamous cell carcinoma component is minimal or missing. Intransit metastasis and satellite lesion (satellitosis) constitute a spectrum of non-nodal regional metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054195PMC
February 2020

Eyeball deviation by orbital mucocele after midface sinus injury.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):53-57. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.

A mucocele is an epithelium-lined, mucus-filled cavity in the paranasal sinuses. Mucocele may develop due to scarring and obstruction of the sinus ostium caused by midface sinus trauma, such as orbital bone fracture or endoscopic sinus surgery. The authors report two cases of orbital mucocele as complications following midface sinus injury (endoscopic sinus surgery in one case, and orbital fracture repair in the other). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00605DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054188PMC
February 2020

Early cicatricial lagophthalmos release with pentagonal wedge resection of the scar, fat redistribution, and full-thickness skin grafting.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):49-52. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

The specialized structure of the upper eyelid ensures complete closure of the eye and eyeball sealing. An upper eyelid injury can cause various symptoms associated with eyeball trauma, not just scar formation or eyelid deformity. In this report, we describe a case of lagophthalmos observed after wound repair in a patient with a crushing injury caused by a grinder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00584DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054186PMC
February 2020

A method to prevent cerebrospinal fluid leakage: Reinforcing acellular dermal matrix.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):45-48. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

In neurosurgical cases, problems related to wound healing can vary from simple wound dehiscence to multilayer defects. This study demonstrates an effective method to prevent persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage using reinforcing acellular dermal matrix in neurosurgical patients with wound dehiscence. A 52-year-old woman was admitted for management of recurrent glioblastoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00535DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054184PMC
February 2020

Epithelioid sarcoma associated with neurofibromatosis type I.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):41-44. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.

In general, patients with neurofibromatosis type I have a higher risk than those with other types of neurofibromatosis of developing soft-tissue sarcomas related to the nervous system. We here present a 42-year-old man with neurofibromatosis type I who developed a protruding mass over only 2 weeks. The histopathological diagnosis was epithelioid sarcoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054192PMC
February 2020

Reconstruction of periorbital defects using a modified Tenzel flap.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):35-40. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: Extensive eyelid defects are extremely challenging to reconstruct. Although numerous procedures for reconstructing periorbital defects have been proposed, no method is universally used. However, the Tenzel flap is the most commonly used technique to reconstruct eyelid defects affecting one-third to two-thirds of the eyelid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054187PMC
February 2020

Free-flap reconstruction in recurrent head and neck cancer: A retrospective review of 124 cases.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):27-34. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Free-flap reconstruction for recurrent head and neck cancer may be challenging depending on the previous treatments, those are, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery, including neck dissection or free tissue transfer. Specifically, the previous treatment could compromise the neck vessels, thereby making free-flap reconstruction more difficult. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between previous treatments and vascular compromise of the free flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054190PMC
February 2020

Outcomes of a superiorly-based pharyngeal flap for the correction of velopharyngeal dysfunction.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):22-26. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Background: This study investigated the outcomes of pharyngeal flap surgery in Asian patients with velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD), with a focus on postoperative improvements in speech articulation and complications. Additionally, this study explored whether the cause of VPD and the timing of surgery affected outcomes in terms of speech improvement.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of 72 Asian VPD patients who underwent pharyngeal flap surgery performed by a single surgeon from 1996 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054196PMC
February 2020

Comparisons between fresh and cryopreserved fat injections in facial lipofilling.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):15-21. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Autologous fat is considered an ideal filler material, and the use of cryopreserved fat grafts is promising in terms of flexibility and efficiency. Therefore, cryopreserved fat grafts have become more common in recent years; however, their complications require further consideration.

Methods: We evaluated 53 patients who underwent facial lipofilling at our institution to confirm the clinical usefulness and safety of cryopreserved fat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00612DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054185PMC
February 2020

Long-term postoperative satisfaction and complications in nasal bone fracture patients according to fracture type, site, and severity.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):7-14. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: It is difficult to completely fix nasal bone fractures with closed reduction, as it is often accompanied by septal cartilage damage, and this often results in postoperative secondary deformities. Thus, patients are often reluctant to undergo closed reduction surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate aesthetic and functional satisfaction, as well as satisfaction with and complications of closed reduction, according to nasal bone fracture type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054191PMC
February 2020

Considerations for nasal bone fractures: Preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative.

Authors:
Dong Gil Han

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):3-6. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Daegu Catholic University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Nowadays, the incidence of nasal bone fracture is increasing because of social complexity with frequent social activity, and reduction of fractures is relatively simple and can be corrected in short operation time. However, the postoperative results are known to be less satisfied with higher complication rates relatively. These problems could have resulted from inaccurate recognition and interpretation of fracture aspect, inaccurate planning of operation resulting in under or overcorrection, ignoring septal management, complication related nasal packings with removal, postoperative management, and patient satisfaction with complication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054189PMC
February 2020

Original face for the craniofacial surgeons.

Authors:
Kun Hwang

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Feb 20;21(1):1-2. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054183PMC
February 2020

Dear members of the Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association.

Authors:
Myoung Soo Shin

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):425. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Chairman of the General Assembly, the Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949496PMC
December 2019

Peripheral osteoma on the medial eyebrow successfully extracted while preserving supratrochlear nerve.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):421-424. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Osteomas are benign, slow-growing osteogenic lesions frequently found in the craniomaxillofacial region. They can be classified as peripheral, central, or extraskeletal. Reactive mechanisms to trauma or infection, as well as muscle traction, are thought to play a major role in the development of peripheral osteomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949501PMC
December 2019

Unplanned change from double free flap to a chimeric anterolateral thigh flap in recurrent laryngeal cancer.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):416-420. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea.

Reconstruction method choice in recurrent head and neck cancer depends on surgical history, radiation therapy dosage, conditions of recipient vessels, and general patient condition. Furthermore, when defects are multiple or three dimensional in nature, reconstruction and flap choice aimed at rebuilding the functional structure of the head and neck are difficult. We experienced successful reconstruction of recurrent laryngeal cancer requiring reconstruction of esophageal and tracheostomy stroma defects using a chimeric two-skin anterolateral thigh flap with a single pedicle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949492PMC
December 2019

Metachronous malignant tumors in ipsilateral salivary glands.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):412-415. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Salivary gland tumors usually appear in solitary mass in single salivary gland. The coexistence of tumors with different histological types occurring within a unilateral parotid gland is an extremely rare event. We experienced a case which two different types of malignant tumors developed at different time points in same gland; metachronous tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949503PMC
December 2019

Serially expanded flap use to treat large hairless scalp lesions.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):408-411. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Hairless scalp areas can occur due to trauma, tumors, or congenital disease. This aesthetically unpleasing condition can lead to psychosocial distress, and thin skin flaps may be prone to scarring. Treating the hairless scalp by simple excision is challenging because of skin tension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949505PMC
December 2019

Chondrocutaneous transposition flap for congenital tragal malformation with dystopic cartilage.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):405-407. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Due to the variety in the shape of dysmorphic cartilage, tragus reconstruction is one of the most challenging goals in otoplasty. The authors describe a method to reconstruct a prominent tragus in a simple way suitable for accounting for the size, shape, and location of the remaining ear. We present a case of tragus deformity in an 11-year-old female patient after a previous excision of pretragal skin tags. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00556DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949497PMC
December 2019

A case of Merkel cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):401-404. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a relatively rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine malignancy. It is characterized by high rates of recurrence and metastasis, both to regional lymph nodes and to distant locations. Its characteristic clinical manifestation is a single, painless, hard, erythematous nodule on a sun-exposed area, particularly in older men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949494PMC
December 2019

Frontonasal dysplasia: A case report.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):397-400. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hanil General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Frontonasal dysplasia is an uncommon congenital anomaly with diverse clinical phenotypes and highly variable clinical characteristics, including hypertelorism, a broad nasal root, median facial cleft, a missing or underdeveloped nasal tip, and a widow's peak hairline. Frontonasal dysplasia is mostly inherited and caused by the ALX genes (ALX1, ALX3, and ALX4). We report a rare case of a frontonasal dysplasia patient with mild hypertelorism, a broad nasal root, an underdeveloped nasal tip, an accessory nasal tag, and a widow's peak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949507PMC
December 2019

Cutaneous metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the scalp.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):392-396. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents 2% to 3% of human cancers and is aggressive, with metastatic capability. The frequent metastatic sites are lung, bone, and liver. Reports of RCC metastatic to skin, and especially scalp are rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949499PMC
December 2019

Intramasseteric schwannoma treated with facelift incision and retrograde facial nerve dissection.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):388-391. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Schwannoma is a slow-growing, well-demarcated, benign soft tissue tumor of the peripheral nerve sheath. It commonly develops in the head and neck region, usually in the parapharyngeal space. In this case, a 42-year-old woman visited the outpatient department to manage a painless mass on her left cheek. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00549DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949502PMC
December 2019

Reconstruction of nasal ala and tip following skin cancer resection.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):382-387. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Background: Defects of the nasal ala and tip have a complex three-dimensional structure that makes them challenging to reconstruct. Many reconstructive options have been described for nasal ala and tip defects, ranging from primary closure to local flaps and skin grafts. However, it is difficult to determine which method will yield the best cosmetic results in each individual case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949504PMC
December 2019

Relationship between mandible fractures and third molars.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):376-381. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Background: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between third molar (M3) and mandibular fracture.

Methods: Patients with unilateral mandibular angle or condyle fractures between 2008 and 2018 were evaluated retrospectively. Medical records were reviewed regarding the location of fractures, and panoramic radiographs were reviewed to discern the presence and position of ipsilateral mandibular third molars (M3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949500PMC
December 2019

A retrospective computed tomography analysis of maxillary fractures and the clinical outcomes of their unreduced parts.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):370-375. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Some parts of a maxillary fracture-for example, the medial and posterior walls-may remain unreduced because they are unapproachable or hard to deal with. This study aimed to investigate the self-healing process of unreduced maxillary membranous parts of fractures through a longitudinal computed tomography (CT) analysis of cases of unilateral facial bone injuries involving the maxillary sinus walls.

Methods: Thirty-two patients who had undergone unilateral facial bone reduction surgery involving the maxillary sinus walls without reduction of the medial and posterior walls were analyzed in this retrospective chart review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949495PMC
December 2019

Correction of post-traumatic enophthalmos with anatomical absorbable implant and iliac bone graft.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):361-369. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St. Vincent Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.

Background: Trauma is one of the most common causes of enophthalmos, and post-traumatic enophthalmos primarily results from an increased volume of the bony orbit. We achieved good long-term results by simultaneously using an anatomical absorbable implant and iliac bone graft to correct post-traumatic enophthalmos.

Methods: From January 2012 to December 2016, we performed operations on seven patients with post-traumatic enophthalmos. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00451DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949508PMC
December 2019

Clinical efficacy of intermittent magnetic pressure therapy for ear keloid treatment after excision.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):354-360. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Keloids are benign fibro-proliferative lesion, related to excessive inflammatory reactions in certain anatomical areas, including the auricles. Their specific etiology remains unclear; nonetheless they exhibit tumor-like characteristics of significant recurrence and cause emotional distress, even with various treatment strategies. We applied intermittent magnetic pressure therapy on ear keloids in combination with surgical excision, and present its effectiveness herein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949498PMC
December 2019

Orbital wall restoring surgery with primary orbital wall fragments in blowout fracture.

Authors:
Dong Hee Kang

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):347-353. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.

Most orbital surgeons believe that it's difficult to restore the primary orbital wall to its previous position and that the orbital wall is so thin that cannot be firmly its primary position. Therefore, orbital wall fractures generally have been reconstructed by replacing the bony defect with a synthetic implant. Although synthetic implants have sufficient strength to maintain their shape and position in the orbital cavity, replacement surgery has some drawbacks due to the residual permanent implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949506PMC
December 2019

Peer review and roles of the reviewer.

Authors:
Kyu Jin Chung

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Dec 20;20(6):345-346. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00787DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949493PMC
December 2019

Reconstructive rhinoplasty with costal cartilage grafting: A case report of relapsing polychondritis.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Oct 20;20(5):341-344. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent episodes of inflammation and the destruction of cartilaginous tissues, primarily involving the ear, nose, and the respiratory tract. Nasal chondritis is present in 24% of patients at the time of diagnosis and develops subsequently in 53% throughout the diseases progress. Progressive destruction of nasal cartilage leads to the characteristic flattening of the nasal bridge, resulting in the saddle nose deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822078PMC
October 2019

Spindle cell myoepithelioma of the parotid gland.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Oct 20;20(5):336-340. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Burn Surgery, Bestian Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Myoepithelioma was recognized as a histological distinct entity by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991. Myoepithelial cells are believed to be of ectodermal origin. In salivary glands, the myoepithelial cells that surround the intercalated ducts are spindled, which is in contrast to the large stellate ones that envelop the acini. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.02341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822074PMC
October 2019

Intracranial abscess from facial cellulitis.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Oct 20;20(5):332-335. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Cellulitis, one of most common diseases of everyday life, is often overlooked for its significance. Although cellulitis does not cause or lead to serious problems usually, its possibility to cause life-threatening problem should be known. In present case, a patient who had received acupuncture treatment a week earlier presented to the clinic with symptoms of facial cellulitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822071PMC
October 2019
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Oblique transnasal wiring canthopexy via Y-V epicanthoplasty for telecanthus correction in a patient with Waardenburg syndrome.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2019 Oct 20;20(5):329-331. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Telecanthus is a common symptom accompanied by Waardenburg syndrome, a rare genetic disorder. The optimal surgery for telecanthus correction is still debated. A 28-year-old patient with Waardenburg syndrome underwent transnasal wiring canthopexy using a Y-V epicanthoplasty for telecanthus correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2019.00395DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822076PMC
October 2019