114 results match your criteria Archives of Razi Institute[Journal]


Use of Enzymes in Dairy Industry: A Review of Current Progress.

Authors:
U Khan Z Selamoglu

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):131-136. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University Campus, 51240, Nigde, Turkey.

This review paper aimed to provides precious information about the function and use of different enzymes in dairy food applications. An enzyme is called a protein and catalyzes a specific reaction. Every enzyme is intended to initiate a particular reaction with a specific outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.126286.1341DOI Listing

Assessment of Agaricus Bisporus S-II Extract as a Bio-Controlling Agent against Human Pathogenic Bacterial Species.

Authors:
A Karnwal M Kaur

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):123-130. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India.

Agaricus bisporus mushrooms are well known for their nutritional and medicinal values. A. bisporus is a source of protein (about 40% on a dry basis), ergosterol, several minerals, carbohydrate, and fat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.128088.1403DOI Listing

Transcriptomic Changes in the Rumen Epithelium of Cattle after the Induction of Acidosis.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):109-121. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The transition from normal forage to a highly fermentable diet to achieve rapid weight gain in the cattle industry can induce ruminal acidosis. The molecular host mechanisms that occur in acidosis are largely unknown. Therefore, the histology and transcriptome profiling of rumen epithelium was investigated in normal and acidosis animals to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.125930.1326DOI Listing

Effect of Point Mutation in the Growth Differentiation Factor 9 Gene of Oocytes on the Sterility and Fertility of Awassi Sheep.

Authors:
H Al-Mutar L Younis

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):101-108. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tikrit, Tikrit, Iraq.

Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) plays a critical role in ovarian follicular development and ovulation rate. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the GDF9 gene and reproductive performance variables, such as fertility and sterility in Awassi sheep. Forty pairs of ovaries from a total of 40 slaughtered Iraqi Awassi ewes were used in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122232.1220DOI Listing

A case control study of Salmonella SPP. infection in stray dogs in Tehran shelters and the correlation between paraclinical tests results and clinical findings.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):93-99. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Specialized Veterinary Science, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran.

Salmonellosis as a zoonotic disease in dogs is not fully understood, and various reports have pointed to the transmission of antibiotic-resistant salmonella from dogs to humans. The current study aimed to evaluate the serologic and bacteriologic prevalence of Salmonella spp. in stray dogs placed in animal shelters around Tehran, compare the results to those of asymptomatic dogs, and determine the serotype of isolated species, as well as their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.123213.1242DOI Listing

Effects of Magnesium Sulfate Administration on Testicular Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):83-91. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Pathobiology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

This study aimed at investigating the effects of intraperitoneal (IP) administration of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) on testicular ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats. In total, 50 adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups. Group 1 received no injection (control); however, group 2 was subjected to 2 h of I and 24 h of R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.123458.1251DOI Listing

Subcutaneous Hydatid Cyst in Laboratory Mice: Is it a Suitable Method for Evaluating Therapeutic Agents against Hydatid Cyst?

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):75-81. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Hydatid disease is an economic and public health concern in many countries. Currently, surgery is the main treatment option for hydatid disease. In the surgical treatment of hydatidosis, the use of scolicidal agents is very important due to inactivating live protoscoleces and preventing the recurrence of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.123382.1245DOI Listing

Aflatoxin M1-Binding Ability of Selected Lactic Acid Bacteria Strains and Saccharomyces boulardii in the Experimentally Contaminated Milk Treated with Some Biophysical Factors.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):63-73. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Food and Drug Laboratory Research Center, Food and Drug Organization, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

There is a growing concern regarding the recurrent observation of aflatoxins (AFs) in the milk of lactating animals. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to assess the aflatoxin M1 (AFM1)-binding ability of three species, namely Lactobacillus rhamnosus, L. plantarum, and Saccharomyces boulardii, inAFM1-contaminatedmilk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.123985.1265DOI Listing

Ultrastructural and Echocardiographic Assessment of Chronic Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Rats.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):55-62. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the secondary metabolites of Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius. It is a common and effective chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of different diseases, including lymphoma, leukemia, breast cancer, and solid tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.116862.1177DOI Listing

Genetic Affinity of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolex in Human and Sheep in East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):47-54. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

Echinococcosis caused by the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) is known as an important zoonotic disease in various parts of the world, including Iran. The genetic diversity of this parasite is very high, particularly in areas where the disease is endemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122733.1227DOI Listing

Molecular Detection of Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma ovis (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) in Ixodid Tick Species in Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):39-46. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of National Program of Zoonotic Disease, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The present study was conducted as the first molecular detection of Anaplasma species in tick samples based on the sequencing of major surface proteins 4 (msp4) gene fragments in different parts of Iran. A total of 130 tick specimens were collected from Hormozgan, Lorestan, and Guilan, Iran, within 2015 to 2017. Hyalomma asiaticum, Hyalomma dromedarii, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) species were identified in different geographical regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.122532.1259DOI Listing

Efficacy of Thermostable Newcastle Disease Virus Strain I-2 in Broiler Chickens Challenged with Highly Virulent Newcastle Virus.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):31-37. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Avian Diseases Research Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

Newcastle disease (ND) is a major threat to poultry industry production throughout developing countries. The Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) infecting industrialized and indigenous poultry in Iran are velogenic strains and responsible for the frequent outbreaks of ND in poultry farms even in vaccinated flocks causing serious economic losses in the commercial and indigenous poultry. However, vaccination is the only way to protect against endemic ND, and the conventional vaccines are not heat stable and consequently require complex cold-chains to be transferred to users leading to not much resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.122830.1228DOI Listing

Immunogenicity and Efficacy of Live Infectious Bronchitis 793/B.08IR Vaccine in SPF Chickens.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):23-30. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of production of Infectious Bronchitis and Encephalomyelytis Vaccines, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) has a variety of serotypes with relatively limited cross-protection leading the disease to be a major problem in the poultry industry. The IBV 793/B strain has identified to circulate in Iran; therefore, the development of a specific vaccine to protect against the virulent virus has received attention. In this regard, the live IB 793/B vaccine (793/B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.124720.1286DOI Listing

Development and Evaluation of Real-Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction Test for Quantitative and Qualitative Recognition of H5 Subtype of Avian Influenza Viruses.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):17-22. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Poultry Diseases Research and Diagnosis, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Avian influenza viruses (AIV) affect a wide range of birds and mammals, cause severe economic damage to the poultry industry, and pose a serious threat to humans. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAI) H5N1 were first identified in Southeast Asia in 1996 and spread to four continents over the following years. The viruses have caused high mortality in chickens and various bird species and deadly infections in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.120821.1201DOI Listing

Trend of Changes in the Titer of Antibody against Avian Influenza Virus H9n2 during Raising Period in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Broiler Farms in Qazvin Province, Iran: A Cohort Study.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):9-16. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Avian influenza virus (AIV) H9N2 is endemic in Iran and its large-scale circulation in the poultry industry of the country is devastating. This virus was first reported in the industrial poultry populations of Iran in July 1998. Some of the published studies showed that inactivated avian influenza (AI) vaccines are capable of inducing an immune response and providing protection against morbidity and mortality in different countries (Vasfi et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120089.1183DOI Listing

Effectiveness of Thermostable Vaccine for Newcastle Disease Produced by the Razi Institute on Backyard Poultry in Iran during 2015.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 03 1;75(1):1-7. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Health and Management of Poultry Diseases, Iranian Veterinary Organization, Tehran, Iran.

Newcastle disease causes many economic losses to the poultry industry in most countries. This disease is endemic in Iran. Backyard poultry is considered the reservoir of Newcastle virus; however, there is either no vaccination program against Newcastle, or it is performed in a restricted manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120709.119DOI Listing

Characterization and Pattern of Culling in Goats.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):441-446. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Research, Breeding and Production of Laboratory Animals, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

In order to describe the proportion and pattern of culling in commercial goatherds, this survey was carried out in an industrialized goatherd in Torbat-e-Jam, Iran, over a period of 18 years from 1996 to 2013. In total, the data of 3945 goats were used in this study. Finally, out of all samples, 499 (12%) goats were culled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.125298.1301DOI Listing
December 2019

Detection and Isolation of H9N2 Subtype of Avian Influenza Virus in House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) of Ahvaz, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):439-444. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of avian health and diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Avian influenza (AI) is an acute infectious disease with worldwide significance causing extensive economic losses in the poultry industry. Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) belong to the family Orthomyxoviridae and categorized in the genus influenza virus A. These viruses have been isolated from more than 100 species of free-living birds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.122504.1223DOI Listing
December 2019

Quantification of Melittin in Iranian Honey Bee (Apis mellifera meda) Venom by Liquid Chromatography-electrospray Ionization-ion Trap Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-ESI-IT-MS/MS).

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):435-439. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Chemistry, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran.

The current research aimed to quantify melittin (MEL) in Iranian honey bee (Apis mellifera meda) venom. To this end, a liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-IT-MS/MS) approach was employed. Melittin is the main toxic peptide of honey bee venom with various biological and pharmacological activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122150.1219DOI Listing
December 2019

Determination of CD Markers Profile of the Cell Line Infected by S15 Vaccine Strain of Theileria annulata Schizont Using RT-PCR Analysis.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):433-438. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Parasite Vaccine Research and Production, Razi vaccine and serum research institute, agriculture research, education, and extension organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

The aim of this study was to identify the cell surface cluster of differentiation (CD) markers of the cell lines infected by Theileria annulata schizont. The CD molecules are very useful for the characterization of cells and different subpopulations of leukocytes. They are usually recognized by specific antibodies using flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.123081.1237DOI Listing
December 2019

Identification and Determination of the Geographical Distribution of Freshwater Snails in Lorestan, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):423-431. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Snails are creatures present in various ecosystems that, in addition to being present in human surroundings, some of them are also important in veterinary medicine and medicine as the intermediate hosts of Digenean trematodes. The present study was conducted to identify and determine the geographical distribution of freshwater snails and investigate the relationship of variables, such as season and geographical region, with snail species and dispersion in Lorestan in the west of Iran. A total of 4400 samples of freshwater snails were collected using the multistage sampling method (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.123286.1244DOI Listing
December 2019

Determination of the Effective Dose of Curcumin alone and in Combination with Antimicrobial Peptide CM11 on Promastigote Forms of Iranian Strain of L. major (MRHO / IR / 75 / ER).

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):413-422. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis t caused by Leishmania major is spread in focal areas of more than 90 countries in the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. In the absence of any effective vaccine, the only means to treat and control leishmaniasis is conventional medication. Glucantime is the first choice of anti-leishmanialdrug, has serious side effects like high toxicity, exorbitant cost, problems with the administration and development of resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122300.1222DOI Listing
December 2019

Extraction, Purification, and Characterization of Trypsin Obtained from the Digestive System of Yellowfin Seabream (Acanthopagrus latus).

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):405-411. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Fisheries, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), Sari, Iran.

The development of the marine aquaculture industry has led to the generation of significant amounts of fish wastes. Marine farm wastes exert adverse effects on the surrounding area of the cages. On the other hand, wastes of fish and other aquatic animals are regarded as major sources of valuable natural bioactive compounds, including enzymes, proteins, bioactive peptides, oil, amino acids, collagen, gelatin, calcium, biopolymers, and water-soluble minerals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122854.1229DOI Listing
December 2019

Evaluation of Influence of Zeolite/Collagen Nanocomposite (ZC) and Hydroxyapatite (HA) on Bone Healing: A Study on Rabbits.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):395-403. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Specialized Veterinary Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Bone healing is still a great challenge in orthopedic surgery and clinical practice. There is a dearth of research investigating the effect of Zeolite/Collagen (ZC) nanocomposite on bone regeneration. In the present study, a critical segmental defect of the rabbit femur was repaired using defects in femurs repaired by ZC nanocomposite, and the effects were examined histologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.121308.1211DOI Listing
December 2019

Bradykinin-Potentiating Factors of Venom from Iranian Medically Important Scorpions.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):385-394. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Human Bacterial Vaccine, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

The venom of animals, including snakes, scorpions, and spiders is a complex combination of proteins, peptides, and other biomolecules as well as some minerals. Among the biomolecules of some animal’s venom, small peptides that lack disulfide bands known as Non-Disulfide Bridge Peptides (NDBPs) potentiate the bradykinin by preventing the conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2 using the mechanism of inhibiting the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme activity and finally reducing the blood pressure in the victims. This feature of the NDBPs of animal’s venom is suggested as the potential of biological drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.123404.1249DOI Listing
December 2019

Identification of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria by Line Probe Assay and Determination of Drug Resistance Patterns of Isolates in Iranian Patients.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):375-384. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Microbiology, School of medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The potentially pathogenic Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria (NTM) are emerging nowadays which result in pulmonary and non-pulmonary infections in human. This group of bacteria consists of at least 200 different species. While the pulmonary disease is the most common form of NTM infections, NTM can cause diffused infections as well as extrapulmonary infections in every organ, such as bone marrow, skin, eye, and brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.127144.1372DOI Listing
December 2019

Seroprevalence Investigation of Newcastle Disease in Rural Poultries of the Northern Provinces (Golestan, Gilan, and Mazandaran) of Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):365-373. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Microbiology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University,Tehran,Iran.

Rural poultry farming is common in the Northern provinces. Similar to commercial poultry, rural poultry is susceptible to most infectious diseases. In addition, by increasing the density of poultry farming, the probability of disease incidences has been increased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2017.116669.1175DOI Listing
December 2019

Efficacy of CpG-ODN Administration Routes on Humoral Responses against Newcastle disease in Broilers.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):357-364. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Graduated, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Un-methylated cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) has been considered as a powerful vaccine adjuvant and recognition of CpG-ODN by chicken leukocytes promotes their ability to fight against infections. In our study, efficacy of different routes of CpG-ODN application as an adjuvant on immune responses (antibody titer together with leukogram) following vaccination against Newcastle disease (ND) has been evaluated in broiler chickens (Ross-308). The results indicated that routes of CpG-ODN administration influence immune responses and comparison effectiveness of CpG-OND delivery routes showed that group vaccinated by eye-drop application had the highest antibody titer than that of the group injected intramuscularly (im) and the difference was significant (p = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120544.1196DOI Listing
December 2019

Molecular Detection of Gamma Coronaviruses in Bird Parks of Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):349-355. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

Gamma Coronaviruses (GCoVs) are distributed worldwide, affecting a wide range of bird species, the beluga whale, and bottlenose dolphins. Because of the limited proofreading capability in the viral encoded polymerase, they emerge genetically diverse. There has been no molecular surveillance data to describe the epidemiology of GCOVs in avian species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.116786.1176DOI Listing
December 2019

Cloning and Expression of Com1 and OmpH Genes of Coxiella burnetii in Periplasmic Compartment of Escherichia coli with the Aim of Recombinant Subunit Vaccine Production.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 12 1;74(4):341-347. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.

Coxiella burnetiiis an obligate and gram-negative bacteria causing query fever (Q fever) disease, despite the importance of Q fever, there is no universal vaccine against this disease. Therefore, application of the recombinant subunit vaccines which use Com1 and OmpH as immunogenic proteins can be useful in this regard. To perform the current project, Com1 and OmpH genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, then, the PCR products were purified by DNA precipitation technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122911.1233DOI Listing
December 2019

Detection and Identification of Enzootic Bovine Leukosis (EBL) in Calves in Iran.

Authors:
A Shaghayegh

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):321-325. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,Iran.

Enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) is known as bovine lymphosarcoma and normally affects the old cattle. EBL is caused by bovine leukemia virus (BLV), which is generally spread all around the world. This virus is transmitted via bovine blood products within and between cattle herds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120590.1198DOI Listing
September 2019

Phylogenetic Analysis of bor Gene in an Escherichia coli Strain 1378 (O78:K80) Isolated from an Avian Colibacillosis Case in Tehran, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):313-320. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Pathology and Experimental Animals, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Colibacillosis is known as a fatal bacterial disease resulting in a high level of commercial loss worldwide. This study amid to elucidate the sequence, genetic characteristics, and phylogeny of the bor gene in Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain c1378 (O78:K80) isolated from avian colibacillosis in Iran and develop a rapid and optimal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) molecular-based technique with specific primers to detect this gene in E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120869.1200DOI Listing
September 2019

Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Typing of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Bovine Mastitis and Dairy Products in Ahvaz, Iran, Using of Digested Coagulase Gene.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):303-311. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in the transmission of diseases from animals to humans and vice-versa.Various infections, such as mastitis in cattle, sheep and goats, as well as gastroenteritis due to food poisoning in humans are the most frequent problems caused by S. aureus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2017.115900.1159DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

A Study on Mycoplasma agalactiae and Chlamydophila abortus in Aborted Ovine Fetuses in Sistan and Baluchestan region, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):295-301. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Zahedan veterinary office, Sistan and Baluchestan provincial veterinary service, Iranian veterinary organization, Zahedan, Iran.

Abortion is one of the most important economic issues in sheep flocks. Chlamydophila abortus is an agent of enzootic abortions in sheep. Mycoplasma agalactiae is the main etiological agent of contagious agalactia, which can cause abortion in sheep. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120393.1193DOI Listing
September 2019

Impact of Phytobacterial Agent on the Toxic Damage to the Liver and Ileum of White Rats.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):287-294. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

LLC Small Innovative Enterprise "Bifimed", Ulan-Ude, Russia.

Numerous pharmaceutical agents can induce adverse reactions in the human body, including toxicity to the liver and the inflammation of intestines. Therefore, nowadays one of the most urgent problems in modern medical science is the prevention and restoration of morphological and dysbiosis disorders caused by numerous medications. With this background in mind, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of phytobacteria on toxic damage to the structure and function of the liver and ileum, as well as the composition of the large intestine microflora in white rats with intestinal dysbacteriosis due to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and ampicillin trihydrate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.125886.1324DOI Listing
September 2019
4 Reads

Regenerative Effect of Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Thioacetamide-induced Liver Fibrosis of Rats.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):279-286. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Stem Cell Technology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The present study determined the regenerative effect of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) on thioacetamide (TA)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. A total of 30 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham control and treatment groups. The rats of the sham control group were subdivided into three groups and sampled on the 14th, 18th, and 20th weeks after fibrosis induction. Read More

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http://archrazi.areeo.ac.ir/article_119259.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.110029.1120DOI Listing
September 2019
4 Reads

Histopathology and Histomorphological Study of Wound Healing Using Clove Extract Nanofibers (Eugenol) Compared to Zinc Oxide Nanofibers on the Skin of Rats.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):267-277. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Specialized Veterinary Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

In order to evaluate the healing effect of eugenol and other nanofibers, 100 male Wistar rats (200±10 g) were used with 14-15 weeks of age in this study. All of the male rats were transferred in the standard cages under controlled exposure conditions in a 12:12 h light/dark cycle with a constant temperature about 22±2 oC. In addition, the male rats were fed with pellets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120170.1184DOI Listing
September 2019

Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella Isolates in Human, Chicken, and Cattle in Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):259-266. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Salmonellais a foodborne zoonotic enteric bacterium able to infect both humans and animals. This study aimed to identify the antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella serovars isolated from human, cattle, and poultry. Moreover, we investigated the probable transmission trends of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella isolates from food animals to human. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120267.1190DOI Listing
September 2019

Evaluation and Comparison of the Potential Immunogenicity of Two Commercial Inactivated Bivalent Newcastle and Avian Influenza Vaccines in SPF Chicken.

Authors:
M Mehrabanpour

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):251-257. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Virology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Shiraz, Iran.

In the present study, the potency and immunogenicity of the inactivated bivalent vaccine of Newcastle disease (ND) and avian influenza (AI) produced by Razi institute in Iran were compared with a similar imported vaccine administered by standard methods to specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicken. A total of 150 twenty-one-day-old SPF chickens were used for evaluating Razi and imported inactivated H9N2/ND vaccines. The chickens were divided into eight groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.120480.1195DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of Avian Influenza in Live Bird Markets, Bird Gardens, and Zoos in Iran in 2015: A Cross-sectional Study.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):243-250. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Animal Population Health Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Avian Influenza (AI) H9N2 is endemic in Iran; therefore, it is necessary to estimate the disease prevalence among birds in live bird markets (LBMs) and assess the risk spread across the country. Accordingly, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of AI subtypes in LBMs, bird gardens, and zoos during October and November 2015 in Iran and investigate the associated risk factors. Data related to independent variables for birds and premises were collected using a prepared questionnaire which included items about previously known potential risk factors associated with avian influenza infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.125186.1299DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Development of New Modified Simple Polymerase Chain Reaction and Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Iranian Brucella abortus Strains.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):235-241. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Brucella, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Brucellosis is primarily a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species. The genus Brucella contains highly infectious species that are classified as biological threat agents. In this regard, the identification of Brucella can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process posing a real risk of laboratory-acquired infection to the laboratory staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122128.1218DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Novel Applications of Immuno-bioinformatics in Vaccine and Bio-product Developments at Research Institutes.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 09 1;74(3):219-233. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Serotherapy, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

There are many challenges in the field of public health sciences. Rational decisions are required in order to treat different diseases, gain knowledge and wealth regarding research, and produce biological or synthetic products. Various advances in the basic laboratory science, computer science, and the engineering of biological production processes can help solve the occurring problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.122523.1224DOI Listing
September 2019

First Case Report of an Unusual Echis genus (Squamata: Ophidia: Viperidae) Body Pattern Design in Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):197-202. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Venomous animal and antivenom production, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.

Three families of venomous snakes exist in Iran including Viperidae, Elapidae, and Hydrophidae. Viperidae family is the only family with a widespread distribution. Saw-scaled vipers are important poisonous snakes in Asia and Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.115198.1145DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

Vasectomy in Mouse Model Using Electrosurgery Machine.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):191-195. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Research, Breeding and Production of Laboratory Animals, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Vasectomy in laboratory animals is a crucial step in the production of surrogate female mice. The surrogate mothers play a key role in successful embryo transfer, most important steps for the production of transgenic animal models, investigation of the preimplantation embryo development, and revitalization of cryopreserved strains. Abdominal and scrotal surgeries are common surgical procedures used in routine veterinary practice to produce vasectomized males. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.126460.1345DOI Listing
June 2019
13 Reads

Scolicidal activity of Mesobuthus eupeus venom against the protoscolices of Echinococcus granulosus.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):183-189. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Hydatidosis is an important zoonosis caused by a parasitic tapeworm, namely Echinococcus granulosus. This infection is distributed worldwide and affects the health as well as economic loss in both humans and animals. In most cases, the disease needs chemotherapy with or without surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.121416.1213DOI Listing
June 2019
13 Reads

Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Microbial Decontamination, Crude Nutrient Content, and Mineral Nutrient Composition of Laboratory Animal Diets.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):175-182. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Research, Breeding and Production of Laboratory Animals, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.

Laboratory animal models are an important part of test design. Certain conditions such as microbial contamination in diets of these models could affect the results of experiments. One of the most important routes that predispose to contamination is generated through feeding of laboratory animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2017.116153.1160DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

Cytomegalovirus Seroepidemiology: a Population-based Study in Alborz Province, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):165-173. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Health, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a type of herpes virus. This virus is one of the most common causes of congenital and prenatal infections. CMV infection in pregnant women, especially in the first trimester, may lead to congenital abnormalities in newborns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.115919.1157DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Comparison of Relation between Resistance Pattern to Erythromycin and Tetracycline and the Prevalence of Superantigens Coding Enterotoxins A and B in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Broiler Poultry in Ilam, Iran.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):157-164. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department Microbiology, School of Para Veterinary Medicine, Ilam University.

Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive coccus that, in specific conditions, is able to generate various diseases. By secreting different enterotoxins, this bacterium prepares the settings to attack the host; among these, enterotoxins A and B play the most important roles in food poisoning. This study was performed to trace the genes coding enterotoxins A and B in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the clinic and poultry slaughterhouse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.116231.1161DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads

Development of an Indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay to Detect Antibodies against Serotype A2013 of Foot and Mouth Disease Virus in Cattle.

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):143-155. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Foot and Mouth Disease Reference Laboratory, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious animal disease that causes irreparable damage to the economy of countries, including Iran in which this disease is a native one. Among the ways to combat FMD are vaccination and slaughter. Due to the specific situation of Iran, it is not possible to kill infected animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.116378.1164DOI Listing
June 2019
12 Reads

Molecular Characterization of a Three-disulfide Bridges Beta-like Neurotoxin from Androctonus crassicauda Scorpion Venom.

Authors:
A Jolodar

Arch Razi Inst 2019 06 1;74(2):135-142. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Basic Sciences, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Scorpion venom is the richest source of peptide toxins with high levels of specific interactions with different ion-channel membrane proteins. The present study involved the amplification and sequencing of a 310-bp cDNA fragment encoding a beta-like neurotoxin active on sodium ion-channel from the venom glands of scorpion Androctonus crassicauda belonging to the Buthidae family using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. The amplified complementary DNA (cDNA) fragment had a coding sequence of 240 bp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2018.105829.1028DOI Listing
June 2019
20 Reads