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    1641 results match your criteria Archives of Iranian medicine[Journal]

    1 OF 33

    Remembering Marcel Baltazard, Great Researcher and the French President of Pasteur Institute of Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):553-557
    1)Research Centre for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. 2)Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
    Dr. Marcel Baltazard (1908-1971), French scientist and former director of Pasteur Institute of Iran, is known in the international arena due to his research on the control of infectious diseases such as plague, rabies, relapsing fever, leprosy, smallpox and tuberculosis. Dr. Read More

    Draft of Iranian National Guideline for Cell Therapy Manufacturing.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):547-550
    3)Cell-based Therapies Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6)Department of Pathology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Cell therapy, a promising method for treatment of incurable diseases, has been moving fast from basic research laboratories to clinical practice in recent years. Defining clear and strict regulations for manufacturing of cell therapy products in clinical applications is the best way to give assurance to the public sector for safe usage, harmonizing research projects, and placing barriers for unqualified products from entering this market. To achieve this goal, the Iranian Council for Stem cell Science and Technologies sponsored a project in 2013 to develop a national cell therapy guideline for research and clinical trials. Read More

    Investigating the Effect of Syrian Refugees on the Pharmaceutical Sector in Jordan.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):538-546
    Professor, Biopharmaceutics and clinical pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Jordan.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Based on a standardized methodology developed by the WHO, Level II Facility (2009) structured questionnaires (including: medicine access [availability, affordability and geographical accessibility], quality, and rational use of medicines) were used to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees influx on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Lists of essential medicines (N = 50) were included in the survey forms. Read More

    Pharmacologic Treatment of Wet Type Age-related Macular Degeneration; Current and Evolving Therapies.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):525-537
    National institute Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.
    Age-related macular degeneration as the major cause of blindness in the elderly population has remained at the epicenter of clinical research in ophthalmology. This retinal disorder is characterized by the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelial cells loss, occurring within the macula. The disease represents a spectrum of clinical manifestations. Read More

    Impact of Merger and Acquisition on University Performance.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):518-524
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, and Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: Merger and acquisitions (M&A) widen access to higher education, improve quality of teaching and research, and increase efficiency of higher education institutions. Three big medical universities in Iran merged in 2010. The purpose of this study was to highlight the impact of this acquisition on the performance of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Read More

    Evaluation of a Web-based Error Reporting Surveillance System in a Large Iranian Hospital.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):511-517
    Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.
    Background: Proper reporting of medical errors helps healthcare providers learn from adverse incidents and improve patient safety. A well-designed and functioning confidential reporting system is an essential component to this process. There are many error reporting methods; however, web-based systems are often preferred because they can provide; comprehensive and more easily analyzed information. Read More

    A New Approach to Survival Analysis of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):503-510
    Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological subtype of head and neck cancers.

    Methods: In a retrospective longitudinal study, we assessed the risk of local or metastatic recurrence and death in 140 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Multivariate and shared frailty models were used for survival analysis with sex, primary tumor site, grade and stage of the tumor, and treatment modalities as contributing factors. Read More

    Feasibility and Data Quality of the National Spinal Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR): A Pilot Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):494-502
    Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most disabling consequences of trauma with unparalleled economic, social, and personal burden. Any attempt aimed at improving quality of care should be based on comprehensive and reliable data. This pilot investigation studied the feasibility of implementing the National Spinal Cord and Column Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR) and scrutinized the quality of the registered data. Read More

    Management of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy-Related Bile Duct Injuries: A Tertiary Center Experience.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):487-493
    Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC)-related bile duct injuries remains a challenging issue with major implications for patient's outcome.

    Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2012, we retrospectively analyzed the management and treatment outcomes of 90 patients with bile duct injury following LC.

    Results: Forty-seven patients (52. Read More

    How to Overcome the Challenges of Non-Detachable Connector Tubes in Submental Intubation for Panfacial Fractures.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):481-486
    Department of Oral Medicine, Dental School, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran.
    Introduction: Armored removable connector tubes are not always available in operating rooms for routine Altemir submental intubation (SMI) technique. The present study addresses a fiber-optic glidoscopy assisted 2-tubes modification of Green & Moore sequence for submandibular intubation.

    Methods: The sample was composed of 11 patients (8 males and 3 females) with panfacial fractures where neither the oral and nasal intubation techniques nor tracheostomy were feasible. Read More

    Comparison of Three Diet Quality Indices for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):474-480
    1)Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. 5)Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3)Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have specific dietary needs due to recommended dietary restrictions. However, there is no specific index for evaluating the quality of diet in patients with CKD.   OBJECTIVE: To define and compare three specific diet quality indices in patients with CKD. Read More

    Metabolic Response to Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamin E Co-Supplementation in Patients with Fibrocystic Breast Disease: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):466-473
    Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
    Background: There is scarce data on the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with fibrocystic breast disease (FBD). The current study was carried out to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with FBD.

    Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with FBD. Read More

    The Role of Publishers in Prevention of Misconducts in Medical Research: Springer and BioMed Central, Victim or Culprit.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):465
    Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Clinical Research Development Center, Amir-almomenin Hospital, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

    The Historical Background of Plaster Cast.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):461-464
    Department of Phytopharmaceuticals (Traditional Pharmacy), School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.
    The pivotal role of plaster of Paris (POP) cast as an immobilization tool to promote healing in complex and/or other types of fractures is irrefutable. We clearly know that Antonius Mathysen extensively applied plaster cast during Crimea and/or other wars and reportedly saved thousands of lives. However, the exact origin of using POP in orthopedic cast is yet to be clear. Read More

    Role of FDG PET/CT Scan in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):452-458
    Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Introduction: PET/CT scan has an emerging role in head and neck oncology with a few well-established indications, including: detection of unknown primary tumor site, tumor staging, radiotherapy planning, treatment response assessment and detection of recurrent disease. The purpose of this study is reporting PET/CT findings in head and neck cancer patients to emphasize its role in head and neck oncology.

    Materials And Methods: In a retrospective study, we reviewed our PET/CT database and found 94 patients with primary head and neck cancer. Read More

    Challenges of Family Physician Program in Urban Areas: A Qualitative Research.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):446-451
    Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
    Background: Family physicians play an essential role and act as a communicational bridge between people and the healthcare system in providing healthcare services efficiently and equitably. This study aimed at exploring the challenges of the family physician program in urban areas in Iran in 2015.

    Methods: This research had a descriptive exploratory design with a qualitative content analysis approach. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma Gondii Antibodies in Healthy Voluntary Blood Donors from Mashhad City, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):441-445
    Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
    Objective: The present investigation aims to evaluate the prevalence of IgM and IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies and the associated risk factors among healthy blood donors in Mashhad city, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran.

    Methods: We screened a total of 500 serum samples by census method from apparently healthy blood donors of the Mashhad Blood Transfusion Organization (MBTO) for IgG and IgM anti-T. Read More

    Burden of Skin and Subcutaneous Diseases in Iran and Neighboring Countries: Results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):429-440
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Background: Iran and its neighboring countries represent four world regions with unique cultures and geography. Skin diseases span a wide diversity of etiologies including infectious, inflammatory, autoimmune, vascular, neurogenic, and oncologic. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2015 measures the burden from skin diseases in 195 countries. Read More

    Trend of Socio-Demographic Index and Mortality Estimates in Iran and its Neighbors, 1990-2015; Findings of the Global Burden of Diseases 2015 Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):419-428
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
    Background: The Global burden of disease and injuries study (GBD 2015) reports expected measures for years of life lost (YLL) based on socio-demographic index (SDI) of countries, as well as the observed measures. In this extended GBD 2015 report, we reviewed total and cause-specific deaths and YLL for Iran and all its neighboring countries between 1990 and 2015.

    Methods: We extracted data from the GBD 2015 database. Read More

    Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (DALYs) for 315 Diseases and Injuries and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE) in Iran and its Neighboring Countries, 1990-2015: Findings from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):403-418
    Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health. Read More

    Prevalence and Years Lived with Disability of 310 Diseases and Injuries in Iran and its Neighboring Countries, 1990-2015: Findings from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):392-402
    Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Due to significant achievements in reducing mortality and increasing life expectancy, the issue of disability from diseases and injuries, and their related interventions, has become one of the most important concerns of health-related research.

    Methods: Using data obtained from the GBD 2015 study, the present report provides prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) of 310 diseases and injuries by sex and age in Iran and neighboring countries over the period 1990-2015. Age-standardized rates of all causes of YLDs are presented for both males and females in 16 countries for 1990 and 2015. Read More

    An Analysis of Historical Vignettes by Ibn Sina in the Canon of Medicine on the Structure and Function of the Cardiorespiratory Apparatus.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):386-388
    1)School of Anatomical Sciences, The University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, 7, York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa. 2)Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb, 1137 Anvil Road, Robertsville, Roodepoort, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Ibn Sina is regarded as one of the greatest physicians, thinkers and medical scholars in the history of medicine. Ibn Sina, a Persian scholar in the medieval era, wrote a famous book of medicine, the Canon of Medicine. The book was adopted as the main textbook of medicine in most Western and Persian universities. Read More

    Prevalence of Birth Defects in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):376-385
    Department of Pathology, Rohani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
    Introduction: Birth defects are a series of disorders that occur during embryonic life. In Iran, no national situation analysis is available to show the rate of congenital disorders. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of structural birth defects in Iran. Read More

    Molecular Epidemiology of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Iranian ≥60 Years Old Hospitalized Patients with Acute Respiratory Symptoms.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):368-375
    Department of Virology - School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is an important cause of acute respiratory infection (ARI) and mortality in ≥60 years old population around the world. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and circulating genotypes of HRSV in Iranian patients ≥ 60 years old.

    Methods: In this cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study, we examined the C-terminal located hypervariable domain of G glycoprotein of HRSV in throat swabs from Tehran, Hormozgan, Boushehr, West Azarbayjan, Ghom and Alborz provinces of Iran which were addressed to national influenza center between October 2013 and March 2015. Read More

    An Explanation for Variation in Age at Menopause in Developing Countries Based on the Second National Integrated Micronutrient Survey in Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):361-367
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
    Background: It is reported that women in developing countries reach menopause earlier compared to developed countries. This seems to be due to underestimation of age at menopause as pre-menopause women who will reach menopause at older ages are commonly excluded in cross-sectional settings. In this study, we propose an estimation method which can deal with this bias. Read More

    Prevalence and Associated Factors of HIV Infection among Male Prisoners in Tehran, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):356-360
    Health and Treatment Office of Iranian Prisons Organization, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014.

    Methods: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test. Read More

    Household Food Insecurity is Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):350-355
    8)Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 9)School of Public Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.
    Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with household food insecurity (HFI). However, the studies examining the relationship between HFI and HRQOL in patients with type 2 diabetes are scarce. Thus, this study was designed to examine the relationship between HFI and HRQOL in rural type 2 diabetic patients. Read More

    Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in High School Students in Bandar Abbas, Iran: An Application of the Trans-theoretical Model.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):344-349
    Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Background: A diet rich in fruits and vegetables is of a great importance, especially to adolescents due to their need for nutrients and their rapid growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between decisional balance and self-efficacy with stages of change for fruit and vegetable consumption in high school students in Bandar Abbas, Iran.

    Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, data were collected from 345 students studying in eight high schools of Bandar Abbas who were selected through multistage sampling. Read More

    Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Lower Limb Spasticity in Stroke Patients.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):338-343
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    Background: This study aims to evaluate the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on lower limb spasticity in stroke patients.

    Methods: Twenty-eight eligible patients with ankle plantar flexor spasticity were randomly assigned to two groups. ESWT group received 1 session per week for 3 weeks of ESWT along with oral anti-spastic medications and stretching exercises. Read More

    Screening for Lynch Syndrome in Cases with Colorectal Carcinoma from Mashhad.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):332-337
    Anatomical and Clinical Pathologist, Moayyed Medical Laboratory, Mashhad, Iran.
    Introduction: Lynch Syndrome (LS) is a genetically inherited autosomal disorder that increases the risk of many types of cancer, especially colorectal cancer (CRC). Identifying these subjects improves morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the prevalence of LS with both clinical criteria and universal strategy in Mashhad, Iran. Read More

    Outer Dense Fiber Proteins: Bridging between Male Infertility and Cancer.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):320-325
    Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: The similarities between gametogenic and carcinogenesis processes have been noted for more than decades. Among prominent similarities between these two processes is expression of a group of antigens, namely cancer-testis antigens in both the testes and various cancer tissues. Outer dense fiber (ODF) proteins are testis-specific proteins localized to sperm tails and involved in sperm motility. Read More

    Diagnostic Efficacy of Coronary Artery Three-Dimensional Steady-State Free Precession Magnetic Resonance Angiography in Comparison with Invasive Coronary Angiography for Detecting Coronary Artery Disease.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):314-319
    Amiralam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: To assess the diagnostic value of three-dimensional steady-state free precession magnetic resonance angiography (3D-SSFP MRA) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD).

    Materials And Methods: Patients suspected of CAD based on clinical evaluation, underwent invasive coronary angiography (CAG) and Cardiac MRA (CMRA). Collected data in favor of any CAD findings in CMRA were compared to CAG results as the standard diagnostic method in CAD detection. Read More

    Association between Physicians' Adherence to a Pharmacotherapy Guideline and Continuity of Care for Patients with Depression and/or Anxiety Disorder.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):308-313
    Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Objective: The aim of the paper is to investigate the association between physicians' adherence to a pharmacotherapy guideline and continuity of care for patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders in a collaborative care program.

    Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted using medical records of subjects suffering from depression and/or anxiety disorder visited by 26 general practitioners (GP) working with  Community Mental Health Center (CMHC), who run a collaborative care program in Tehran, Iran. All patients were visited by a general practitioner in private offices from November 2010 to May 2013. Read More

    Empirical Bayesian Geographical Mapping of Occupational Accidents among Iranian Workers.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):302-307
    Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions College of Medicine, University of Florida, Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
    Background: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization.

    Methods: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. Read More

    Cigarette and Water-Pipe Use in Iran: Geographical Distribution and Time Trends among the Adult Population; A Pooled Analysis of National STEPS Surveys, 2006-2009.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):295-301
    Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran, Tehran University Medical of Sciences, Tehran, I. R. of Iran, Cancer Biology Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran, Tehran University Medical of Sciences, I. R. of Iran.
    Objective: To assess the geographical distribution and time trends of manufactured cigarette and water-pipe use among Iranian adult population.

    Method: Pooled data from four consecutive nationally and provincially representative STEPS surveys, 2006-2009, were analyzed. Prevalence of current daily manufactured cigarette smokers, current daily water-pipe and current daily dual users and associated 95%CIs were estimated using complex sample analysis techniques. Read More

    A Stakeholder Perspective on Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Retinopathy Care in Iran; A Qualitative Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):288-294
    Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Objective: To assess the national health system for management of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Iran, with particular focus on diabetic retinopathy (DR).

    Materials And Methods: In this qualitative study, the national stakeholders related to DR and DM management system were invited to participate. Two researchers performed interview using a semi-structured questionnaire recommended by the World Health Organization titled "Tool for Assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy and DM Management Systems". Read More

    Factors Associated with Incidence of Induced Abortion in Hamedan, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):282-287
    Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: There is limited reliable information on abortion in Iran, where abortion is illegal and many women of reproductive age seek clandestine abortion to end their unintended pregnancy. This study aims to examine the determinants of induced abortion in the city of Hamedan, Iran.

    Methods: The study utilizes recent data from the 2015 Hamedan Survey of Fertility, conducted in a representative sample of 3,000 married women aged 15-49 years in the city of Hamedan, Iran. Read More

    Anti-Plasmodial Assessment of Four Different Iranian Propolis Extracts.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):270-281
    Malaria and Vector Research Group (MVRG), Biotechnology Research Center (BRC), Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Eradication of malaria will depend on discovery of new intervention tools such as anti-malarial drugs. Due to the increasing interest in the application of propolis against significant clinical pathogenic agents, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the anti-plasmodial effect of Iranian propolis extracts against chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 and Plasmodium berghei (ANKA strain).

    Methods: Crude samples of honeybee (Apis mellifera) propolis were collected from four provinces in northern (Kalaleh, Golestan), northeastern (Chenaran, Razavi Khorasan), central (Taleghan, Alborz) and western (Morad Beyg, Hamedan) areas of Iran with different types of flora. Read More

    Underlying Causes of Persistent and Recurrent Pneumonia in Children at a Pulmonary Referral Hospital in Tehran, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 May;20(5):266-269
    Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: There is limited data on recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children, particularly in the developing world. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia admitted to the Pediatric Department of Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

    Methods: Children under 18 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia between 2007 and 2013, were investigated to find out the prevalence of recurrent and persistent pneumonia and to recognize their underlying diseases. Read More

    Gondeshapur Revisited; What Historical Evidence?
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Apr;20(4):254-260
    Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
    In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution. Read More

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