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    1659 results match your criteria Archives of Iranian medicine[Journal]

    1 OF 34

    Epidemiology of Neuroendocrine Tumors in an Iranian Population.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):652-654
    Department of Pathology, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare and heterogeneous group of malignancies most commonly found in the gastrointestinal system. In this study, we examined the epidemiology of NETs in an Iranian population. The incident NET cases diagnosed between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014 were collected from databases of three hospitals in Tehran (Shoada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Imam Hossein Hospital and Pars Hospital). Read More

    Evaluation of Serum Copper Level in Naswar (Smokeless Tobacco) Addicts Using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):649-651
    Department of Pharmacy, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
    Background: Substance abuse and its consequences are a matter of great concern in South-East Asian countries, especially Pakistan and Afghanistan. Due to contamination of Naswar with copper, or by any other physiological mechanism, there is a great chance of copper poisoning in addicts. Keeping in view the literature, there is no comparative study on serum copper levels (SCuL) in Naswar addicts. Read More

    Evaluation of Extremity Injuries Presented to Emergency Department.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):646-648
    Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay Health Services, Vocational School, First and Emergency Assistance Program, Hatay, Turkey.
    Objective: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital.

    Methods: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Read More

    A Trial on The Effects of Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium-Vitamin D Co-Supplementation on Glycemic Control and Markers of Cardio-Metabolic Risk in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):640-645
    Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
    Background: There is scarce data on the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk in women with PCOS.

    Methods: Sixty PCOS women were randomized into two groups and treated with 100 mg of magnesium, 4 mg of zinc, 400 mg of calcium plus 200 IU of vitamin D supplements (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) twice a day for 12 weeks. Read More

    Zero and Five End-Digit Preference and Blood Pressure Quality of Care Revisited.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):633-639
    3)Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease Research Center, The Childrens Hospital Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 9)Department of Pediatric Nephrology, The Children's Hospital Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: To determine the rate of zero and five end-digit preference (EDP) for systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively) and risk factors amongst a representative sample of Iranian adults in the year 2011.

    Methods: Data gathered from 7997 Iranian adults aged 25-70 were extracted from the database of the sixth Survey of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases, which surveyed a total of 11,864 individuals aged 6 to 70 years. Multilevel multiple logistic regression was used to identify the independent factors associated with zero or five EDP. Read More

    Normalized Weight of Iranian Newborns According to Gestational Age: A Nationwide Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Oct;20(10):626-632
    Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: By organizing birth weights according to gestational age at birth, reference weight values for different sex-gestational ages are provided.

    Methods: Data of 1,090,779 mothers and their neonates were gathered from 30 provinces of Iran. Pregnancy complications, maternal risk factors, type of delivery, maternal outcome, neonatal sex and APGAR score were determined. Read More

    Kheyr-on-Nessa Amoli, An Iranian Lady Physician in the Gurkani Court of India.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):623-625
    Museum, Archives and Cultural Studies of Norani Vesal, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. Read More

    De novo Mutation in CACNA1S Gene in a 20-Year-Old Man Diagnosed with Metabolic Myopathy.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):617-620
    Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Department of Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    The calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L-type, alpha 1S subunit (CACNA1S) gene encodes a skeletal Ca2+ channel which is involved in calcium-dependent processes such as muscle contraction and neurotransmitter release. Mutations in this gene have been accompanied by hypo- and normokalemic periodic paralysis, thyrotoxic periodic paralysis, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. We report the clinical and genetic findings in a patient diagnosed with metabolic myopathy who had episodic attacks of muscle pain and weakness but with no family background of the disease. Read More

    Protocol Design for Large-Scale Cross-Sectional Studies of Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran: STEPs 2016.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):608-616
    Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Introduction: The rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has gained increasing attention. There is a great need for reliable data to address such problems. Here, we describe the development of a comprehensive set of executive and scientific protocols and instructions of STEPs 2016. Read More

    An Overview of Tracheal Stenosis Research Trends and Hot Topics.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):598-607
    Tracheal Diseases Research Center (TDRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Tracheal stenosis remains a challenge in the thoracic surgery field. Recognizing the hot topics and major concepts in this area would help the health policy makers to determine their own priorities and design the effective research plans. The present study analyzed and mapped the topics and trends of tracheal stenosis studies over time as well as authors' and countries' contributions. Read More

    Infrastructures Required for the Expansion of Family Physician Program to Urban Settings in Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):589-597
    Health Equity Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (HERC), Tehran, Iran, Department of Global Health and Public Policy, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Introduction: Following the implementation of Family Physician (FP) Program in rural areas and cities with populations under 20000 in 2005, the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2012 decided to implement urban FP in large cities with populations more than 20000. Along with the development and implementation of urban FP in Iran, local websites and newspapers reflected the viewpoints of experts in various levels of health system regarding the various stages of Family Medicine (FM) development (from agenda setting to initial stages of implementation). This study aimed to explore the major infrastructures perceived to be required to achieve desirable implementation of urban FP through analyzing experts' viewpoints reflected in the media and interviews. Read More

    Different Role of CA1 5HT3 Serotonin Receptors on Memory Acquisition Deficit Induced by Total (TSD) and REM Sleep Deprivation (RSD).
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):581-588
    Cognitive and Neuroscience Research Center (CNRC), Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Serotonin receptors such as 5-HT3 plays critical role in regulation of sleep, wake cycle and cognitive process. Thus, we investigated the role of CA1 5HT3 serotonin receptors in memory acquisition deficit induced by total sleep deprivation (TSD; for 24 hour) and REM sleep deprivation (RSD; for 24 hour). Pain perception and locomotor activity were also assessed as factors that may affect the memory process. Read More

    Does Treatment of Either Hypothyroidy or Hyperthyroidy Affect Diurnal Blood Pressure.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):572-580
    Department of Internal Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey.
    Objective: Thyroid hormone has well recognized effects on the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to define the influence of treatment of either hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism on the values and circadial variations of arterial blood pressure measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

    Material And Methods: The study was carried out on 30 hypothyroidic and 30 hyperthyroidic patients without hypertension and 46 healthy participants. Read More

    Cost-effectiveness of Screening Colonoscopy in Iranian High Risk Population.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):564-571
    Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cancer among men and the second among women in Iran. First-Degree Relatives (FDRs) of patients with CRC are known to be at higher risk of CRC. The aim of this study was to identify the most cost-effective strategy for CRC screening in Iranian high risk individuals. Read More

    A Population-Based Study of the Prevalence of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding and its Related Factors among Iranian Reproductive-Age Women: An Updated Data.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):558-563
    Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among reproductive-age women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of AUB and its related factors among reproductive age Iranian women.

    Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1393 women aged 15 - 45 years who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study in 2009 - 2012. Read More

    Remembering Marcel Baltazard, Great Researcher and the French President of Pasteur Institute of Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):553-557
    1)Research Centre for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. 2)Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
    Dr. Marcel Baltazard (1908-1971), French scientist and former director of Pasteur Institute of Iran, is known in the international arena due to his research on the control of infectious diseases such as plague, rabies, relapsing fever, leprosy, smallpox and tuberculosis. Dr. Read More

    Draft of Iranian National Guideline for Cell Therapy Manufacturing.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):547-550
    3)Cell-based Therapies Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6)Department of Pathology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Cell therapy, a promising method for treatment of incurable diseases, has been moving fast from basic research laboratories to clinical practice in recent years. Defining clear and strict regulations for manufacturing of cell therapy products in clinical applications is the best way to give assurance to the public sector for safe usage, harmonizing research projects, and placing barriers for unqualified products from entering this market. To achieve this goal, the Iranian Council for Stem cell Science and Technologies sponsored a project in 2013 to develop a national cell therapy guideline for research and clinical trials. Read More

    Investigating the Effect of Syrian Refugees on the Pharmaceutical Sector in Jordan.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):538-546
    Professor, Biopharmaceutics and clinical pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Jordan.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Based on a standardized methodology developed by the WHO, Level II Facility (2009) structured questionnaires (including: medicine access [availability, affordability and geographical accessibility], quality, and rational use of medicines) were used to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees influx on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Lists of essential medicines (N = 50) were included in the survey forms. Read More

    Pharmacologic Treatment of Wet Type Age-related Macular Degeneration; Current and Evolving Therapies.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):525-537
    National institute Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.
    Age-related macular degeneration as the major cause of blindness in the elderly population has remained at the epicenter of clinical research in ophthalmology. This retinal disorder is characterized by the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelial cells loss, occurring within the macula. The disease represents a spectrum of clinical manifestations. Read More

    Impact of Merger and Acquisition on University Performance.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):518-524
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, and Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: Merger and acquisitions (M&A) widen access to higher education, improve quality of teaching and research, and increase efficiency of higher education institutions. Three big medical universities in Iran merged in 2010. The purpose of this study was to highlight the impact of this acquisition on the performance of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Read More

    Evaluation of a Web-based Error Reporting Surveillance System in a Large Iranian Hospital.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):511-517
    Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.
    Background: Proper reporting of medical errors helps healthcare providers learn from adverse incidents and improve patient safety. A well-designed and functioning confidential reporting system is an essential component to this process. There are many error reporting methods; however, web-based systems are often preferred because they can provide; comprehensive and more easily analyzed information. Read More

    A New Approach to Survival Analysis of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):503-510
    Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological subtype of head and neck cancers.

    Methods: In a retrospective longitudinal study, we assessed the risk of local or metastatic recurrence and death in 140 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Multivariate and shared frailty models were used for survival analysis with sex, primary tumor site, grade and stage of the tumor, and treatment modalities as contributing factors. Read More

    Feasibility and Data Quality of the National Spinal Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR): A Pilot Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):494-502
    Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most disabling consequences of trauma with unparalleled economic, social, and personal burden. Any attempt aimed at improving quality of care should be based on comprehensive and reliable data. This pilot investigation studied the feasibility of implementing the National Spinal Cord and Column Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR) and scrutinized the quality of the registered data. Read More

    Management of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy-Related Bile Duct Injuries: A Tertiary Center Experience.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):487-493
    Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Teaching and Research Hospital, Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC)-related bile duct injuries remains a challenging issue with major implications for patient's outcome.

    Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2012, we retrospectively analyzed the management and treatment outcomes of 90 patients with bile duct injury following LC.

    Results: Forty-seven patients (52. Read More

    How to Overcome the Challenges of Non-Detachable Connector Tubes in Submental Intubation for Panfacial Fractures.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):481-486
    Department of Oral Medicine, Dental School, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran.
    Introduction: Armored removable connector tubes are not always available in operating rooms for routine Altemir submental intubation (SMI) technique. The present study addresses a fiber-optic glidoscopy assisted 2-tubes modification of Green & Moore sequence for submandibular intubation.

    Methods: The sample was composed of 11 patients (8 males and 3 females) with panfacial fractures where neither the oral and nasal intubation techniques nor tracheostomy were feasible. Read More

    Comparison of Three Diet Quality Indices for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):474-480
    1)Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. 5)Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3)Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have specific dietary needs due to recommended dietary restrictions. However, there is no specific index for evaluating the quality of diet in patients with CKD.   OBJECTIVE: To define and compare three specific diet quality indices in patients with CKD. Read More

    Metabolic Response to Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Vitamin E Co-Supplementation in Patients with Fibrocystic Breast Disease: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Aug;20(8):466-473
    Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
    Background: There is scarce data on the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with fibrocystic breast disease (FBD). The current study was carried out to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic status in patients with FBD.

    Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 patients with FBD. Read More

    The Role of Publishers in Prevention of Misconducts in Medical Research: Springer and BioMed Central, Victim or Culprit.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):465
    Young Researchers and Elite Club, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Clinical Research Development Center, Amir-almomenin Hospital, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

    The Historical Background of Plaster Cast.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):461-464
    Department of Phytopharmaceuticals (Traditional Pharmacy), School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.
    The pivotal role of plaster of Paris (POP) cast as an immobilization tool to promote healing in complex and/or other types of fractures is irrefutable. We clearly know that Antonius Mathysen extensively applied plaster cast during Crimea and/or other wars and reportedly saved thousands of lives. However, the exact origin of using POP in orthopedic cast is yet to be clear. Read More

    Role of FDG PET/CT Scan in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):452-458
    Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Introduction: PET/CT scan has an emerging role in head and neck oncology with a few well-established indications, including: detection of unknown primary tumor site, tumor staging, radiotherapy planning, treatment response assessment and detection of recurrent disease. The purpose of this study is reporting PET/CT findings in head and neck cancer patients to emphasize its role in head and neck oncology.

    Materials And Methods: In a retrospective study, we reviewed our PET/CT database and found 94 patients with primary head and neck cancer. Read More

    Challenges of Family Physician Program in Urban Areas: A Qualitative Research.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):446-451
    Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
    Background: Family physicians play an essential role and act as a communicational bridge between people and the healthcare system in providing healthcare services efficiently and equitably. This study aimed at exploring the challenges of the family physician program in urban areas in Iran in 2015.

    Methods: This research had a descriptive exploratory design with a qualitative content analysis approach. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma Gondii Antibodies in Healthy Voluntary Blood Donors from Mashhad City, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):441-445
    Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
    Objective: The present investigation aims to evaluate the prevalence of IgM and IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies and the associated risk factors among healthy blood donors in Mashhad city, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran.

    Methods: We screened a total of 500 serum samples by census method from apparently healthy blood donors of the Mashhad Blood Transfusion Organization (MBTO) for IgG and IgM anti-T. Read More

    Burden of Skin and Subcutaneous Diseases in Iran and Neighboring Countries: Results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):429-440
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Background: Iran and its neighboring countries represent four world regions with unique cultures and geography. Skin diseases span a wide diversity of etiologies including infectious, inflammatory, autoimmune, vascular, neurogenic, and oncologic. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2015 measures the burden from skin diseases in 195 countries. Read More

    Trend of Socio-Demographic Index and Mortality Estimates in Iran and its Neighbors, 1990-2015; Findings of the Global Burden of Diseases 2015 Study.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):419-428
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
    Background: The Global burden of disease and injuries study (GBD 2015) reports expected measures for years of life lost (YLL) based on socio-demographic index (SDI) of countries, as well as the observed measures. In this extended GBD 2015 report, we reviewed total and cause-specific deaths and YLL for Iran and all its neighboring countries between 1990 and 2015.

    Methods: We extracted data from the GBD 2015 database. Read More

    Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (DALYs) for 315 Diseases and Injuries and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE) in Iran and its Neighboring Countries, 1990-2015: Findings from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):403-418
    Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health. Read More

    Prevalence and Years Lived with Disability of 310 Diseases and Injuries in Iran and its Neighboring Countries, 1990-2015: Findings from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 07;20(7):392-402
    Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Due to significant achievements in reducing mortality and increasing life expectancy, the issue of disability from diseases and injuries, and their related interventions, has become one of the most important concerns of health-related research.

    Methods: Using data obtained from the GBD 2015 study, the present report provides prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) of 310 diseases and injuries by sex and age in Iran and neighboring countries over the period 1990-2015. Age-standardized rates of all causes of YLDs are presented for both males and females in 16 countries for 1990 and 2015. Read More

    An Analysis of Historical Vignettes by Ibn Sina in the Canon of Medicine on the Structure and Function of the Cardiorespiratory Apparatus.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):386-388
    1)School of Anatomical Sciences, The University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, 7, York Road, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa. 2)Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb, 1137 Anvil Road, Robertsville, Roodepoort, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Ibn Sina is regarded as one of the greatest physicians, thinkers and medical scholars in the history of medicine. Ibn Sina, a Persian scholar in the medieval era, wrote a famous book of medicine, the Canon of Medicine. The book was adopted as the main textbook of medicine in most Western and Persian universities. Read More

    Prevalence of Birth Defects in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):376-385
    Department of Pathology, Rohani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
    Introduction: Birth defects are a series of disorders that occur during embryonic life. In Iran, no national situation analysis is available to show the rate of congenital disorders. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of structural birth defects in Iran. Read More

    Molecular Epidemiology of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Iranian ≥60 Years Old Hospitalized Patients with Acute Respiratory Symptoms.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):368-375
    Department of Virology - School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is an important cause of acute respiratory infection (ARI) and mortality in ≥60 years old population around the world. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and circulating genotypes of HRSV in Iranian patients ≥ 60 years old.

    Methods: In this cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study, we examined the C-terminal located hypervariable domain of G glycoprotein of HRSV in throat swabs from Tehran, Hormozgan, Boushehr, West Azarbayjan, Ghom and Alborz provinces of Iran which were addressed to national influenza center between October 2013 and March 2015. Read More

    An Explanation for Variation in Age at Menopause in Developing Countries Based on the Second National Integrated Micronutrient Survey in Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):361-367
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
    Background: It is reported that women in developing countries reach menopause earlier compared to developed countries. This seems to be due to underestimation of age at menopause as pre-menopause women who will reach menopause at older ages are commonly excluded in cross-sectional settings. In this study, we propose an estimation method which can deal with this bias. Read More

    Prevalence and Associated Factors of HIV Infection among Male Prisoners in Tehran, Iran.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):356-360
    Health and Treatment Office of Iranian Prisons Organization, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted on 6900 male prisoners in Great Tehran Prison from October 2013 to May 2014.

    Methods: In order to find HIV positive prisoners in the prison's quarantine and two housing units, we used HIV active case finding (ACF) strategy by rapid screening test. In ACF, healthcare staff and trained prisoners asked inmates to answer relevant questions about history of risky behaviors related to HIV as well as to be tested voluntarily by HIV rapid test. Read More

    Household Food Insecurity is Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):350-355
    8)Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 9)School of Public Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.
    Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with household food insecurity (HFI). However, the studies examining the relationship between HFI and HRQOL in patients with type 2 diabetes are scarce. Thus, this study was designed to examine the relationship between HFI and HRQOL in rural type 2 diabetic patients. Read More

    Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in High School Students in Bandar Abbas, Iran: An Application of the Trans-theoretical Model.
    Arch Iran Med 2017 Jun;20(6):344-349
    Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Background: A diet rich in fruits and vegetables is of a great importance, especially to adolescents due to their need for nutrients and their rapid growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between decisional balance and self-efficacy with stages of change for fruit and vegetable consumption in high school students in Bandar Abbas, Iran.

    Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, data were collected from 345 students studying in eight high schools of Bandar Abbas who were selected through multistage sampling. Read More

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