1,822 results match your criteria Archives of Iranian medicine[Journal]


Photoclinic: Opaque hemithorax.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):613-615. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Internal Medicine Department, Armed Forces Hospital, Brasília-DF, Brazil.

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December 2018
1 Read

Extramedullary Manifestation of Multiple Myeloma in the Oral Cavity.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):611-612. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Pathologist, A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Extramedullary plasmacytomas occurs in about 20% of multiple myeloma (MM) recurrences. Extramedullary disease seems to respond poorly to thalidomide and has adverse prognostic implication. When disease recurs in the oral cavity with soft tissue infiltration, some authors defend upfront surgical excision prior to radiotherapy with the aim of achieving better local control. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Multiple Gastritis Cystica Profunda in a Patient without Gastric Surgery History.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):608-610. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of General Surgery, İstinye University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) is a rare condition characterized by polypoid cystic ectasia of the submucosal layer with cystic dilatation of the glandular structures of the stomach. The probable pathogenesis refers to degradation of the integrity of the muscularis mucosa and migration of epithelial cells to the submucosal layer. The most common cause known in the literature for this occurrence is previous stomach surgery. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Recent Advances on Nucleolar Functions in Health and Disease.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):600-607. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Afzalipour Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

The nucleolus is an internuclear organelle without a visible membrane via the light microscope inside the cell nucleus. It is the main site for synthesis of ribosome as a complex machine for coordinating protein production. It forms around a specific chromosomal feature called the nucleolar organizing region (NOR) which possesses numerous ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

Complications of Fusionless Correction of Early Onset Scoliosis Using Dual Growing Rods.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):595-599. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Bone Joint and Related Tissue Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Growing rods are increasingly used for treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS) worldwide. Beside promising outcomes, some authors are concerned about high rates of complications. In the current clinical trial, complications of EOS surgery using dual growing rods were investigated. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Children With Vitamin D Deficiency: Is A Wrist X-Ray Necessary?

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):589-594. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran.

Background: Rickets is failure in mineralization of growing bone and cartilage due to extreme vitamin D deficiency (VDD). The study aimed to identify rickets among vitamin D deficient children and determine any relationship between clinical findings and paraclinical evidence.

Methods: This study was conducted in two stages. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

A Study on Radiation Dose Received by Patients during Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):585-588. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Medical Physics, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Background: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is considered as the method of choice for treatment of most stone diseases. The present study aims to evaluate radiation dose received by patients undergoing ESWL.

Methods: In total, 46 patients from both genders were referred to the Shohadaye Ashayer hospital of Khorramabad, Iran and were included in the present study. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Longitudinal Analyses of Gut-Associated Bacterial Microbiota in Ulcerative Colitis Patients.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):578-584. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The normal colonic microbiota is associated with the etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC). Several bacterial species are associated with the initiation and amplification of disease process. However, the etiology and mechanism of UC are poorly understood. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of Lipid Ratios to Identify Metabolic Syndrome.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):572-577. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Endorinology and Metabolism Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: The objective of this study was to compare various lipid ratios for detection of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Iranian general population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 5677 subjects aged ≥18 years from the general population in Kerman, Iran. Associations between lipid ratio quartiles and MetS were analyzed using logistic regression models. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Evaluating the Women Health Volunteers Program in Iran- a Quarter Century Experience (1992-2016).

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):566-571. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Running for more than 25 years, the Women Health Volunteers (WHV) program in Iran has made many great achievements. Considering the new expectations from the health system, this national program needs to be revised and undergo fundamental changes. Although many studies have been conducted to evaluate this program, there still is a lack of a comprehensive nationwide assessment containing policy recommendations. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

The Burden of Road Traffic Injuries in Iran and 15 Surrounding Countries: 1990-2016.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Dec 1;21(12):556-565. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Professor of Global Health, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study provides estimates of deaths, years of life lost (YLL), years of life lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to 249 causes of death, 315 diseases and injuries, and 79 behavioral, environmental, occupational, and metabolic risk factors in 195 countries, territories, and regions by sex and 20 age categories in 195 countries and regions since 1990. In this study, we aimed to present the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Iran and 15 surrounding countries in 1990-2016.

Methods: The standard Cause of Death Ensemble modeling (CODEm) is used to estimate deaths due to all causes of injury by age, sex, country and year. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
1.108 Impact Factor

A Brief History of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology in Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):551-555. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Academy of Medical Sciences Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

This is a brief look at the establishment and development of oral and maxillofacial pathology in Iran. The program of the oral and maxillofacial pathology at first was integrated into the curriculum of the Dental School of Tehran University in 1960. The Iranian Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists was officially founded in 1999. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
1.108 Impact Factor

Geographic and Ethnographic Variations of Hemoglobin A1C.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):549-550. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Research Center, Medicine, UNAM-UABJO, Oaxaca, México.

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November 2018
5 Reads

Huge Ectopic Parathyroid Adenoma.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):547-548. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Lateral Neck Myeloid Sarcoma Presenting as Acute Otitis Externa.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):544-546. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS (IRCHA), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a solid extra-medullary tumor of immature myeloid cells which could occur before, during or after remission of acute leukemia at any site on the body. Owing to variation in differential diagnosis, pathologic evaluation and immunohistochemical staining are essential for definitive diagnosis. Rarely, MS has been shown as an isolated extramedullary relapse (iEMR) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), which often does not necessarily result in bone marrow involvement. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Experimental Endometriosis: Review of the Literature Through a Century and the Iranian Experience.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):536-543. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Although endometriosis is not a newly discovered disease, it has still remained enigmatic. Understanding the pathophysiology of this disease is still one of the challenges of gynecology and reproductive medicine. Therefore, the subject of endometriosis treatment faces many questions to be answered. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Cytochrome P450 (CYP450,2D6*A), N-Acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2*7, A) and Multidrug Resistance 1 (MDR1 3435 T) Alleles Collectively Increase Risk of Ulcerative Colitis.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):530-535. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Biochemistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Background: Discovering the association between genetic variations of metabolizing enzymes with idiopathic diseases such as ulcerative colitis (UC) may not only be an auxiliary agent in diagnosis but also could be an effective pharmacotherapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the present case-control study was to determine the association of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6 *4), N-acteyltransferase-2 (NAT2*7) and multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) 3435 C/T genotypes with UC susceptibility and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) enzyme activity.

Methods: TPMT activity was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and genotypes for the 3 mentioned polymorphisms were determined in 215 unrelated UC patients and 212 unrelated healthy controls by polymerase chain reactionrestriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in a Kurdish population from Iran. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Sleep Quality and its Main Determinants Among Staff in a Persian Private Hospital.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):524-529. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pars Advanced and Minimally Invasive Medical Manners Research Center, Pars Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Having good quality of sleep is essential to good health. Sleep disorders could incur intangible expenses. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the Persian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-P) questionnaire administered to 3 categories of workers (clinical personnel, clerical staff, and logistics workers) in a private hospital located in Tehran, Iran. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

Correlation of Prognostic Gleason Grade Grouping and Histopathological Parameters: Can the "New System" Reflect the Pathological Perspective for Prognosis?

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):518-523. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

İzmir Katip Çelebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital Department of Pathology, İzmir, Turkey.

Background: Gleason score is one of the strongest prognostic predictors of prostate cancer;however, a change was published which is a 5 step grouping system of prostatic adenocarcinomas according to their Gleason scores. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between histopathological findings and prognosis of tumors subgrouped according to the new Gleason grade grouping system.

Methods: A total of 163 radical prostatectomies subgrouped into 5 prognostic groups were investigated for prognostic features such as pathological stage, extraprostatic extension, surgical margin status, involvement of seminal vesicles, perineural invasion, necrosis, vascular invasion, ganglionic involvement, concomitant high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HPIN) in addition to other microscopic features of tumors such as the presence of mucin and foamy cytoplasmic change between groups. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Patients With Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Have Reduced Levels of Decorin Expression in Their Breast Tissue Compared to Patients With Fibroadenoma While Plasma Decorin Remains Unchanged.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):509-517. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences (ZUMS), Zanjan, Iran.

Background: Reduction in the level of tissue decorin is a hallmark of many types of cancer including breast carcinoma. However, reduced decorin expression has also been reported in several types of benign tumors to the extent that it has been proposed as a tissue marker to differentiate malignant from benign tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of plasma decorin to distinguish breast cancer from fibroadenoma, the second most common type of benign tumor, after fibrocystic disease. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
1.108 Impact Factor

Eicosapentaenoic Acid and Vitamin E Against Doxorubicin Induced Cardiac and Renal Damages: Role of Cytochrome c and iNOS.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):502-508. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, Egypt.

Background: The current study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms involved in protection against doxorubicin-induced cardiac and renal toxicities upon treatment with eicosapentaenoic acid and vitamin E.

Methods: Rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups: normal control, doxorubicin inducted control, eicosapentaenoic acid treated group and a final group pretreated with vitamin E. Lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione (GSH) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) contents as well as glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities were assessed. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

An Approach Towards Reducing Road Traffic Injuries and Improving Public Health Through Big Data Telematics: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):495-501. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Deaths due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health concern around the world. Developing countries are over-represented in these statistics. Punitive measures are traditionally employed to lower RTA related behavioural risk factors. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads
1.108 Impact Factor

Mirza Ali Hamedani: An Influential Physician in the Qajar Period, Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):491-494. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities- Dr Ali Shariati, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

The knowledge of medicine underwent a revolution in the Qajar period, especially during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896 AD). The dispatch of students to Europe, establishment of Dar ul-Funun, Hafez al-Seheh Assembly, and clinics, entrance of European teachers and physicians to Iran, approval of medical rules by the parliament, introduction of a new therapeutic style, and translation of medical textbooks into Persian were some of the changes that occurred during this period. As a result, modern medicine influenced the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Hemoglobin A1c Cut-off to Diagnose Diabetes in Iranian Population.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):490. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Endocrine Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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October 2018
1 Read

Response to the Letter to the Editor.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):489. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

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October 2018
1 Read

Missed Links in the Determination of Challenges of Urban Family Physician Program.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):488. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

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October 2018
3 Reads

Social Challenges of Mothers with Blindness in Iranian Setting.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):486-487. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Associate professor, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery.

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October 2018
7 Reads

tRNA Methyltransferase Defects and Intellectual Disability.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):478-485. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

In all organisms, transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules are required to undergo post-transcriptional modifications at different levels in order to convert into mature tRNAs. These modifications are critical for many aspects of tRNA function and structure, such as translational efficiency, flexibility, codon-anticodon interaction, stability, and fidelity. Up to now, over 100 modified nucleosides have been identified in tRNAs from all domains of life. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Ante-mortem Diagnosis of Human Rabies Cases Using SYBR Green Real-Time PCR.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):473-477. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Virology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Rabies, as the most important zoonotic disease, is transmitted through a bite or scratch by an infected domestic or wild carnivores and bats or contact of open wound with infected saliva. The fluorescent antibody test (FAT) is the "gold standard" diagnostic method for suspected brain samples. For close monitoring of unknown encephalitis, rabies surveillance, and also the limitations for post-mortem diagnosis of rabies in human and performing fast prophylactic measures for other individuals in contact with rabid patients, ante-mortem diagnosis based on molecular methods such as real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) seems to be more reliable. Read More

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October 2018
12 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

A Mobile Application for Managing Diabetic Patients' Nutrition: A Food Recommender System.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):466-472. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: As a prevalent metabolic disease, diabetes has different side effects and causes a wide range of co morbidity with a high rate of mortality. There is a need for certain interventions to manage this disease. Iranians usually have three main meals a day. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

The Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Data Mining Approaches.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):460-465. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which is the most common sleep disorder breathing (SDB), imposes heavy costs on health and economy. The aim of this study was to provide models based on data mining approaches (C5.0 decision tree and logistic regression model [LRM]) and choose a top model for predicting OSA without polysomnography (PSG) devices that is a standard method for diagnosis of this disease, to identify patients with this syndrome payment. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

The Effects of Folic Acid Supplementation on Recurrence and Metabolic Status in Endometrial Hyperplasia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):452-459. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.

Background: Data on the effects of folic acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic profiles of patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) are limited. This investigation was performed to evaluate the effects of folic acid supplementation on clinical symptoms and metabolic status of patients with EH.

Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 women diagnosed with EH. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The Association Between Major Dietary Patterns and Pregnancy-related Complications.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):443-451. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Most pregnancy-related complications are associated with increased risks of adverse outcomes for mother and her infant. Although, relations between diet and pregnancy's complications indicate that there may be some benefits of nutritional factors to prevent such disorders, there are rare studies regarding the associations of dietary patterns and mentioned complications. So, the aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of pregnancy-related complications. Read More

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October 2018
11 Reads

Intra-familial Transmission of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection: A Large Population-Based Cohort Study in Northern Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Oct 1;21(10):436-442. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Liver and Pancreatobiliary Diseases Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-familial transmission of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Golestan province, that has the highest prevalence of CHB in Iran.

Methods: The Golestan Cohort Study (GCS) is a population-based prospective study of 50045 individuals, 40 years or older, initially set-up to study upper GI cancers in Northern Iran. In 2008, a baseline measurement of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) on the stored serum of all GCS participants identified 3505 HBsAg+ individuals. Read More

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October 2018
15 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Supplies in Isfahan, Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):434-435. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Academy of Medical Sciences of the I. R. of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

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September 2018
2 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

In Memory of Dr. Mahmoud Bahmanyar, an International Researcher of the Pasteur Institute of Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):428-433. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Research Centre for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

In Iran and also throughout the world, Dr. Mahmoud Bahmanyar (1919-2007) is acknowledged as a well-known researcher mainly in the field of rabies and plague. As an expert of plague for the World Health Organization (WHO), he accomplished many missions in several countries such as India, Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia, Vietnam, Yemen, and Brazil. Read More

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September 2018
17 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

Point of Care Policy for Eliminating Hepatitis C, its Applicability and Acceptability.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):425-427. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Liver and Pancreatobiliary Diseases Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV), can now be safely treated with oral, well-tolerated medications with >90% success rates, however, currently <5% of the infected individuals have been diagnosed and <1% have received treatment. This is believed to be due to the complicated, time-consuming and expensive disease management processes that require several referrals to specialized laboratories and hospital-based clinics, and also the epidemic of HCV infection among populations who have low uptake for evaluation, appointments, and treatment. Point of care (POC) policy emphasizes on delivering healthcare tests and services to patients at or near the place and time of patient care. Read More

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September 2018
11 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

The Gap of Cigarette and Hookah Smoking Between Socioeconomic Groups in Iran: Effect of Inequalities on Socioeconomic Position.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):418-424. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Hookah and cigarette smoking have adverse effects on individuals' health and therefore place a great burden on public health. The aim of this study was to measure inequalities in socioeconomic position to determine contributing factors on cigarette and hookah smoking in Iran.

Methods: In this study, secondary analysis of the Iran's sixth national Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) was conducted for 10,572 individuals aged 15 to 70 years old. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

Retrospective Analysis of 345 Multiple Myeloma Cases: An Investigation from 2 Institutions.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):412-417. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

AJA Cancer Epidemiology Research and Treatment Center (AJA- CERTC), AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for a substantial mortality rate among hematological cancers. The prognosis of the disease has been noticeably changed during the past 2 decades. This study reports a retrospective analysis of 345 MM cases from 2 cancer centers. Read More

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September 2018
15 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

Epidemiology of Head and Neck Cancers in Northern Iran: A 10-Year Trend Study From Golestan Province.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):406-411. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Omid Cancer Research Center, Omid Preventive Medicine and Health Promotion Center, Gorgan, Iran.

Background: Golestan province, in Northern Iran, is a high-risk area for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). SCC is also the most common histological type of cancers of the head and neck region including cancers of oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx. We aimed to present the incidence rate of head and neck SCC (HNSCC) in Golestan province during 2004 and 2013. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Tryptophan Degradation and Antioxidant Status in Patients With Thyroid Disorders.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):399-405. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of tryptophan (Trp), neopterin production and antioxidant capacity in patients with benign and malignant thyroid disease.

Methods: For this reason, the levels of tryptophan, kynurenine (Kyn) and neopterin, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzyme activities in 67 thyroid patients were evaluated in our study and the results were compared with 30 healthy controls.

Results: Tryptophan and kynurenine levels in thyroid patients decreased compared to the control group. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Comparing Serum Level of Vitamin D3 in Patients With Isolated Coronary Artery Ectasia and Normal Coronary Artery Individuals.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):393-398. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is identified as dilation of one or more segments of coronary arteries that reaches 1.5 times or more, compared with near segments that are normal. Several etiologies like atherosclerosis, autoimmune diseases and congenital anomalies have been proposed for this condition. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads
1.200 Impact Factor

Hypericin Induces Apoptosis in MDA-MB-175-VII Cells in Lower Dose Compared to MDA-MB-231.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):387-392. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Science, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Breast cancer is the major cause of death from cancer among women around the world. Given the drug resistance in the treatment of this disease, it is very important to identify new therapies and anticancer drugs. Many studies demonstrated that hypericin could induce apoptosis in different cancer cell lines; however, the underlying mechanism is not well understood yet. Read More

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September 2018
22 Reads

Screening of Hearing in Newborn Infants: Follow-Up and Outcome After 40930 Births in Babol, Northern Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Sep 1;21(9):382-386. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Department of Pathology, Rohani Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the results of hearing screening in all newborn infants, and their follow-up in Babol, northern Iran.

Methods: Between 2006 and 2014, all healthy neonates delivered in 3 hospitals were included in this cross-sectional study. Newborns were screened using the transient evoked otoacoustic emissions test before discharge. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

The Life Story of Dr. Moslem Bahadori, the Pioneering Professor of Tehran School of Medicine.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):380-381. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Academy of Medical Sciences of the I. R. of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

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August 2018
3 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor

Photoclinic.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):378-379. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Shiraz Molecular Pathology Research Center, Dr Daneshbod Laboratory, Shiraz, Iran.

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August 2018
3 Reads

The Editor and the Author at Fault: A Lesson From Recent Retractions.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):376-377. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Bacteriology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Many reported scientific misconducts included duplication, data fabrication and falsification; but recent fake peer reviews have become strange news for many researchers worldwide. Using gmail and other non-academic emails to correspond with journals should be highly prohibited. Indeed, the dark part of this story is lack of conscience by editors who run some journals. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Comparative Effectiveness Study in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Using Instrumental Variable Analysis.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):368-375. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Public Health School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Randomized clinical trials are considered the ideal source for generation of robust evidence for clinical and public health decision making. Estimation of treatment effect in observational studies is always subject to varying degrees of bias due to lack of random allocation, blindness, precise definition of intervention, as well as the existence of potential unknown and unmeasured confounding variables. Unlike other conventional methods, instrumental variable analysis (IVA), as a method for controlling confounding bias in non-randomized studies, attempts to estimate the treatment effect with the least bias even without knowing and measuring the potential confounders in the causal pathway. Read More

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August 2018
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Use of Some Additives for Improving Mesenchymal Stem Cell Isolation Outcomes in Non-Mobilized Peripheral Blood.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):362-367. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Hematology and Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: The mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of peripheral blood (PB) have been recognized as a promising source for allogeneic cell therapy. The objective of the present study was to isolate and characterize MSCs derived from non-mobilized PB, and evaluate their differentiation potential.

Methods: The buffy coat mononuclear fractions of the PB were concentrated using the Ficoll-Paque density gradient centrifugation and were grown on primary and secondary culture media, respectively. Read More

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August 2018
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Validation of the Iranian/Persian Version of the Perceived Therapeutic Efficacy Scale for Type 2 Diabetes.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Aug 1;21(8):356-361. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran.

Background: The theory if self-efficacy is the central concept of social cognitive theory with emphasis on the constructs of efficacy expectation, outcome expectation. Efficacy expectation is defined as the person's confidence to carry out a specific behavior. Outcome expectation is beliefs that carrying out a specific behavior will lead to a specific outcome. Read More

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August 2018
17 Reads
1.110 Impact Factor