2,050 results match your criteria Archives of Iranian medicine[Journal]


Management of COVID-19 Crisis in Guilan Province in Northern Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):511-513. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Razi Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.52DOI Listing

Rehabilitation Recommendations for Multiple Sclerosis Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):509-510. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.51DOI Listing

The Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Liver Transplant Patients; Time to Change the Priorities.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):507-508. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.50DOI Listing
July 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Colorectal Cancer Surgery during COVID-19 Pandemic in Iran; Most Appropriate Approach.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):505-506. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Surgery, Shohada-e-Tajrish Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.49DOI Listing
July 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

The COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran; The First Patient with a Definite Diagnosis.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):503-504. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The novel coronavirus, formerly named as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCov) caused a rapidly spreading epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Wuhan, China and thereafter, progressed globally to form a pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in numerous countries; and now confirmed cases are reported from several provinces of Iran. Now various medical centers, clinicians and researchers around the world share their data and experiences about COVID-19 in order to participate in the global attempt of controlling the pandemic. The current report investigates the clinical presentations and paraclinical findings of the first confirmed cases and mortalities in the initiation of the outbreak of COVID-19 in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.48DOI Listing

SARS-CoV-2; What We Know so far.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):498-502. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A recent outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected more than 1100000 (April 5, 2020) individuals worldwide and is spreading rapidly. The virus is reported to be derived from bats and the infection was first reported in China. Similar to the severe acute respiratory syndrome and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronaviruses, it is responsible for respiratory tract infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.47DOI Listing

Phyllodes Tumor of the Breast during Pregnancy and Lactation; A Systematic Review.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):488-497. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan.

Background: Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a rare tumor of the breast, which may occur during pregnancy or lactation. Several studies have reviewed and discussed PT occurring in pregnancy, gathering up to 14 patients. We performed a thorough systematic review of the literature in an attempt to find all reported cases, and identify their common characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.46DOI Listing

Chorioamnionitis and Neonates; Which Strategy?

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):480-487. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Mahdieh Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is one of the major risk factors for neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS). Different international guidelines have been developed for diagnosis and care of such neonates. This research aimed to evaluate our neonates and compare them with the guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.45DOI Listing

Health Care and Medical Education to Promote Women's Health in Iran; Four Decades Efforts, Challenges and Recommendations.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):469-479. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Department of Urology, Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The aim of this paper is to present a synthesis of solutions for post-graduate medical education (PGME) and the health-care system in addressing challenges in relation to women's health.

Methods: A critical review was conducted within three themes: women's health status, women's preferences for female physicians, and women in surgery. The study was conducted in two phases that consisted of an analysis of the trends of Iranian women's health and women's participation in PGME since 1979 followed by a thematic analysis to assess the current challenges and their implications on medical education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.44DOI Listing
July 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Spatial Survival Analysis of Initiation Age and Prevalence of Smoking in Iran; Results from a Population Based Study.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):462-468. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The initiation age and prevalence of cigarette smoking are two important parameters in any smoking-related policymaking domain.

Methods: Dataset was extracted from STEPs survey, a population-based study conducted in Iran in 2016. A total of 27612 participants were included in the current study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.43DOI Listing

Global Incidence and Mortality Rate of COVID-19; Special Focus on Iran, Italy and China.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):455-461. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a new coronavirus, was diagnosed in China in December 2019. Around the globe, a total of 71429 were infected up to February 17, 2020, with 98.9% of cases in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.42DOI Listing

The First Inherited Retinal Disease Registry in Iran: Research Protocol and Results of a Pilot Study.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):445-454. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Ophthalmic Research Center, Research Institute for Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: To describe the protocol for developing a national inherited retinal disease (IRD) registry in Iran and present its initial report.

Methods: This community-based participatory research was approved by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran in 2016. To provide the minimum data set (MDS), several focus group meetings were held. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.41DOI Listing
July 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

National and Subnational Trends of Incidence and Mortality of Female Genital Cancers in Iran; 1990-2016.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):434-444. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The present study aims to assess the incidence and mortality rates of gynecological cancers and their changes from 1990 to 2016 at national and subnational levels in Iran.

Methods: Annual estimates of incidence and mortality for gynecological cancers from 1990 to 2016 at national and subnational levels were generated as part of a larger project entitled National and Subnational Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (NASBOD). After the precise processing of data extracted from the Iran Cancer Registry, annual age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated for each cancer, province, year and age group during the period of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.40DOI Listing

Molecular Diagnosis of Hereditary Neuropathies by Whole Exome Sequencing and Expanding the Phenotype Spectrum.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jul 1;23(7):426-433. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Inherited peripheral neuropathies (IPNs) are a group of neuropathies affecting peripheral motor and sensory neurons. Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most common disease in this group. With recent advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, more than 100 genes have been implicated for different types of CMT and other clinically and genetically inherited neuropathies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.39DOI Listing

Guideline for Management of Mesenteric Ischemia: Shiraz Intestinal Failure Unit Protocol.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):422-425. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Shiraz Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

We have recently established an intestinal rehabilitation unit (IRU) in Abu Ali Sina transplantation center affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Our intestinal failure rehabilitation and transplant program aims to provide state-of-the-art care for adult patients with different degrees of intestinal insufficiency and failure. In the IRU, we aimed to design an algorithmic approach to patients with small bowel ischemia and short bowel syndrome (SBS) based on our institutional experience in our country and based on other pioneering studies from other regions of the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.38DOI Listing
June 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Contagious Diseases and its Consequences in the Late Qajar Period Mashhad (1892-1921).

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):414-421. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

One of the historical periods of Iran that can be studied for contagious diseases and how they spread, is the late Qajar period. The city of Mashhad, after Tehran and Tabriz, had a special place among Russian and English governments in the Qajar period as one of the significant religious, political and economic centers in Iran due to Imam Reza's holy shrine, a large population and great geographical scale. The central governments' incompetence in preventing the outbreak of contagious diseases and lack of essential amenities, caused many lives to be lost all over Iran and especially Mashhad during the Qajar period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.37DOI Listing

Photoclinic.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):412-413. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Pathology Department, Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.36DOI Listing

Collagenofibrotic Glomerulopathy: Report a Rare Case.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):409-411. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research and Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy is a rare clinical entity with fewer than 40 cases reported worldwide. We describe a case of adult onset nephrotic syndrome with partial villous atrophy of the intestine who was diagnosed with this rare entity. Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy is characterized by subendothelial and mesangial collagen type III deposition and increased procollagen III peptide levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.35DOI Listing

Is Histopathological Evaluation of Hernia Sacs Necessary?

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):403-408. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of General Surgery, Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Melikgazi, Kayseri, Turkey.

Background: Our aim was to investigate the pathologies in the hernia sac in adults, and the frequency of malignancy as well as to confirm the necessity of maintaining the current applications in histological examination of the hernia sac.

Methods: Patients who were operated for hernia in our clinic from 2013 to 2019 were included in the study. Patient data were evaluated retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.34DOI Listing

Effect of N-acetylcysteine against Vancomycin-Induced Nephrotoxicity: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):397-402. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Isfahan Kidney Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The proposed mechanism of vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity (VIN) is indirect production of reactive oxygen species in the kidney tissue. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an anti-oxidant agent, in the prevention of VIN.

Methods: Patients who received vancomycin for any indication were randomly divided to drug (NAC) and control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.33DOI Listing

Sagittal Spinopelvic Alignment in Asymptomatic Iranian Adults Aged 18 to 40 Years.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):391-396. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Recent studies have revealed the increasing importance of sagittal spinopelvic alignment. Knowing the values of sagittal spinopelvic parameters, which are affected by ethnicity, is essential in the normal asymptomatic population. In the current study, these parameters were measured in a sample of asymptomatic Iranian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.32DOI Listing

Thyroid Function in Children with Down Syndrome in the Polish Population: A Case-Control Study.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):386-390. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Paediatric Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Background: Patients with subclinical thyroid disease have few or no clinical symptoms of thyroid dysfunction and thus, laboratory diagnosis is needed. In this context, the objective of the current study was to analyze the prevalence rate and pattern of thyroid function in children with Down syndrome in the Polish population.

Methods: A total of 30 children, aged 6-12 years, with cytogenetically confirmed Down syndrome were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.31DOI Listing

Trends in the Prevalence of Severe Obesity among Tehranian Adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 1999-2017.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):378-385. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: A rise in the global prevalence of severe obesity (body mass index; BMI of ≥35 kg/m2 ) has been reported. In this study, we investigated the trends in the prevalence of severe obesity among Tehranian adults over the past two decades.

Methods: A representative sample of 10,045 Tehranians aged ≥19 years were followed from 1999 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.30DOI Listing
June 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Prevalence of Smoking among Iranian Adults: Findings of the National STEPs Survey 2016.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):369-377. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Tobacco smoking is one of the most important avoidable causes of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This study aimed to report the crude and standardized prevalence of current, ever, and secondhand smoking at national and provincial levels.

Methods: This study was performed through an analysis of the results of the STEPs survey 2016, which was conducted as a cross-sectional national study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.29DOI Listing
June 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Trends in the Incidence of Stomach Cancer in Golestan Province, a High-risk Area in Northern Iran, 2004-2016.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Jun 1;23(6):362-368. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: We aimed to present the temporal and geographical trends in the incidence of stomach cancer in the Golestan province, a high-risk area in Northern Iran.

Methods: This study was conducted on stomach cancer cases registered in the Golestan Population-based Cancer Registry (GPCR) during 2004-2016. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) per 100000 person-years were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.28DOI Listing
June 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Cyril Elgood "A Medical History of Persia": A Critique.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):359-361. Epub 2020 May 1.

Academy of Medical Sciences of Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.27DOI Listing

Double Trisomy 48,XXY,+21 in a Neonate with Congenital Heart Disease.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):356-358. Epub 2020 May 1.

Atherosclerosis Research Center, Ahvaz JundiShapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Double trisomy 48, XXY, +21 or Down-Klinefelter syndrome is a rare occurrence and presents clinical manifestation of trisomy 21 in early life and of Klinefelter syndrome after 10 months of age. The phenotypic and karyotyping characteristics of a 2-month-old boy were reported. He had mild clinical feature of Down syndrome and echocardiographic features of atrioventricular (AV) septal defects with severe pulmonary valve stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.26DOI Listing

Points to Consider Regarding Tobacco Hindrance.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):353-355. Epub 2020 May 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.25DOI Listing

Seven Decades of Primary Healthcare during Various Development Plans in Iran: A Historical Review.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):338-352. Epub 2020 May 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To explore historically primary healthcare (PHC) development in Iran in the light of development plans before and after the Islamic Revolution. The results of this study can be used to outline the future of PHC in the Iranian health system.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the PHC development in the Iranian health system using data from relevant published and unpublished policy documents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.24DOI Listing
May 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Cesarean Section Beyond Cesar's Borders: A Mini Review on the Cultural History of Cesarean Section High Prevalence Rates in the Middle East.

Authors:
Afshin Azimirad

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):335-337. Epub 2020 May 1.

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Cesarean section rates have risen significantly in some Middle Eastern countries like Iran, Turkey, and Egypt. Therefore, this review aims to investigate the cultural background for the high cesarean section rates in some Middle Eastern countries to provide the obstetricians and policymakers a better perspective on the crisis. Firstly, the dimensions of the current crisis in the Middle East are discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.23DOI Listing

Post Liver Transplantation Survival and Related Prognostic Factors among Adult Recipients in Tehran Liver Transplant Center; 2002-2019.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):326-334. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Liver transplantation is a standard treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD). However, with increasing demand for this treatment and limited resources, it is available only to patients who are more likely to survive. The primary aim was to determine prognostic factors for survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.22DOI Listing

Limbic System Associated Membrane Protein Mutation in an Iranian Family Diagnosed with Ménière's Disease.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):319-325. Epub 2020 May 1.

ENT and Head & Neck Research Center and Department, Hazrat Rasoul Hospital, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Ménière's disease (MD) is a common inner ear disorder which is characterized by recurrent attacks of vertigo, fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), tinnitus, and a sense of fullness in the affected ear. MD is a complex disorder; although six genes have been linked to familial autosomal dominant form of the disease, in many cases, the exact genetic etiology remains elusive.

Methods: To elucidate the genetic causes of MD in an Iranian family, we performed exome sequencing on all members of the family: consanguineous parents and four children (two affected and two unaffected). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.21DOI Listing
May 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Effect of Aminophylline in Preventing Renal Dysfunction among Neonates with Prenatal Asphyxia: A Clinical Trial.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):312-318. Epub 2020 May 1.

Endometriosis Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: As there are different views on the effects of aminophylline on neonatal renal function, we intended to observe the effects of aminophylline on renal dysfunction in neonates with prenatal asphyxia.

Methods: This randomized trial was conducted in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from June 2016 to May 2017, in neonates with moderate to severe asphyxia during birth. Fifty-six neonates were divided randomly into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.20DOI Listing

Trend of Appendicitis Mortality at National and Provincial Levels in Iran from 1990 to 2015.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):302-311. Epub 2020 May 1.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Appendicitis is one of the most preventable causes of death worldwide. We aimed to determine the trend of mortality due to appendicitis by sex and age at national and provincial levels in Iran during 26 years.

Methods: Data were collected from Iran Death Registration System (DRS), cemetery databanks in Tehran and Esfahan, and the national population and housing censuses of Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.19DOI Listing
May 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Effect of Storage Temperature and Time on Stability of Liver Enzymes in Blood Serum.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):296-301. Epub 2020 May 1.

Digestive Diseases Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: It is increasingly common to collect and store specimens for future unspecified research. However, the effects of prolonged storage on the stability and quality of analytes in serum have not been well investigated. We aimed to determine whether the stability of liver enzymes extracted from frozen bio-samples stored at the baseline is affected by storage conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.18DOI Listing
May 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Smoking Water-Pipe, Opium Use and Prevalence of Heart Disease: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Pars Cohort Study, Southern Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2020 May 1;23(5):289-295. Epub 2020 May 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Associations between hookah and opium use and an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) have been suggested in a few studies, but more research is needed on the nature of these associations. We aimed to investigate the association between hookah and opium use and the prevalence of IHD in a population with relatively high prevalence of these exposures in Iran.

Methods: Using baseline data from the Pars Cohort Study (PCS), a prospective study of individuals aged 40-75 years in Fars province, southern Iran, we calculated adjusted and crude odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the independent association of hookah and opium use with prevalence of IHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.17DOI Listing
May 2020
1.108 Impact Factor

Educating Health Science Students About Peace through Health Topic; A Panel Discussion.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S60-S61. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Fellow International Migration Research Centre and Balsillie School for International Affairs Adjunct Professor and Scholar in Residence Wilfrid Laurier University, Assistant Clinical Professor Family Medicine (part-time) McMaster University, Adjunct Professor Family Medicine Western University, Adjunct Professor Environment and Resource Studies University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

This report describes an experience of the first international health for peace conference held in November 2018 in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This paper discusses the panel on peace education in medical and paramedical schools and the way for the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s13DOI Listing

Conception of "Peace through Health" in the "Middle East" Region: Report of the International Congress on Health for Peace, Shiraz, Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S54-S59. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of English Language, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The discussions held by the congress panels can be boiled down to the following convictions. Health professionals, especially those who are working in the Middle East region, have to promote peace as part of their professional responsibility. Moving towards this objective can be realized through a number of measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s12DOI Listing

The Health Consequences of Economic Sanctions: Call for Health Diplomacy and International Collaboration.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S51-S53. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s11DOI Listing

Rights of Citizens and the Classification of People into Believer () and Non-Believer ().

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S49-S50. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Head of the Department of Islamic Studies of Academy of Sciences, Department of Islamic Laws, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s10DOI Listing

Provision of Peace and Right to Health through Sanctions: Threats and Opportunities.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S43-S48. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

International Law Department, School of Law & Political Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

According to the purposes for the formation of the United Nations, sophistication of institutions like the Security Council must be evaluated based on the provision of peace and how they guarantee human rights. Therefore, in case Security Council does not follow these two mentioned factors, its function would be itself a threat to the international peace and security. This analytical research is based on collecting library theoretical data related to different field studies which investigated the effects of sanctions issued by the Security Council, the United States and the European Union on citizens' health and tried to assess both their efficiency and legitimacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s9DOI Listing

"War Epidemiology" Versus "Peace Epidemiology": A Personal View.

Authors:
Mohsen Rezaeian

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S38-S42. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Epidemiology can be considered as a responsible public health science the aim of which is to control health problems. One of the most important public health problems is "war". The aim of the present paper, therefore, is threefold: firstly, to determine to what extent war has been investigated from an epidemiological point of view; secondly, what the definition and scope of "war epidemiology" would be; and thirdly, if it would be possible to introduce a new branch of epidemiology entitled "peace epidemiology". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s8DOI Listing

Human Casualties and War: Results of a National Epidemiologic Survey in Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S33-S37. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center (JMERC), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Limited studies have reported epidemiologic data on the impact of Iran-Iraq war. This study examines the war casualties for both combatants and civilians on Iranians at national level.

Methods: Databases of Veterans and Martyrs Affair Foundation (VMAF), Janbazan Medical and Engineering Research Center (JMERC) and Ministry of Health were used to collect the data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s7DOI Listing

Peace through Health and Medical Education: First Steps in Inclination of Healthcare Workers Toward Conflict-Preventive Activities.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S27-S32. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The number of deaths and disabilities due to all types of violence has increased; violence and especially war heavily affect public and individual health and all sectors, including the health sector, are responsible for making attempts to take part in mitigation of war effects. However, "peace through health" has not been so far included globally in the curriculum of basic medical schools. The study aims to prepare data on responsibilities that could be devolved to health sector, and the importance and role of education for those health workers who are willing to participate in the peace field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s6DOI Listing

Peace, Health, and Sustainable Development in the Middle East.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S23-S26. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Community Nutrition, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: As two essential human rights, as well as pillars of sustainable development, health and peace are closely interrelated. Further, health and well-being are the focus of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, while peace lies at the heart of SDG 16. This paper investigates the relationship between the three concepts of health, peace and sustainable development in the relevant literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s5DOI Listing

Impact of War on Fertility and Infertility.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S16-S22. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Biochemistry Department, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: War causes more death and disability than many major diseases. There are few studies in the context of the deleterious impact of war on fertility potential; therefore, in this study, we tried to review articles about the adverse effects of war on male/ female fertility potential.

Methods: In this study, a total of 183 articles related to the effects of war on fertility potential were examined by a systematic search using known international medical databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s4DOI Listing

Health Care Utilization and Expenditure in War Survivors.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S9-S15. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Community Based Participatory Research Center, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: To describe the utilization and out-of-pocket (OOP) payments of war survivors receiving health care services and its determinants.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out by systematic random sampling at national level (n = 3079) on healthcare utilization in war survivors on their last received services. A validated questionnaire was used to gather the information of inpatient and outpatient healthcare services and OOP payment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s3DOI Listing

The Past Victim, the Future Abuser.

Authors:
Ali Firoozabadi

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S6-S8. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Childhood trauma exerts a significant effect on psychological life of people. It is a ubiquitous phenomenon. We face a social epidemic with serious consequences that shatter the life of survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s2DOI Listing

Secular Trends of Global Burden of Violence, 1990-2015: In Spite of Successes, Women and Children Are Highly Affected in Low- and the Middle-Income Countries.

Arch Iran Med 2020 Apr 1;23(4Suppl1):S1-S5. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

MD/MPH Program, Shiraz Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Violence is a challenging modern epidemic worldwide. Less evidence is available on the populations most affected by violence in recent decades. The aim of the study was to ecologically investigate temporal trends of the global burden of violence according to gender, age group, and socio-demographic development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.s1DOI Listing