1,132 results match your criteria Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health[Journal]


Palaeogenomics of the Hydrocarbon Producing Microalga Botryococcus braunii.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 11;9(1):1776. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Biosciences, College of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK.

Botryococcus braunii is a colonial microalga that appears early in the fossil record and is a sensitive proxy of environmental and hydroclimatic conditions. Palaeozoic Botryococcus fossils which contribute up to 90% of oil shales and approximately 1% of crude oil, co-localise with diagnostic geolipids from the degradation of source-signature hydrocarbons. However more recent Holocene sediments demonstrate no such association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38236-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370823PMC
February 2019

Culturally modified trees or wasted timber: Different approaches to marked trees in Poland's Białowieża Forest.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(1):e0211025. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of the Natural and Built Environment, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Studies of past forest use traditions are crucial in both understanding the present state of the oldest European forests, and in guiding decisions on future forest conservation and management. Current management of Poland's Białowieża Forest (BF), one of the best-preserved forests of the European lowlands, is heavily influenced by anecdotal knowledge on forest history. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge of the forest's past in order to answer questions about its historical administration, utilisation, and associated anthropogenic changes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211025PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343906PMC
January 2019

Spatio-temporal analysis of land use dynamics and its potential indications on land surface temperature in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria.

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Dec 19;5(12):180661. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Land use change is the main driving force of global environmental change and is considered as most central to various debates on sustainable development. Even though a large volume of literature materials is available on land use/land cover change for many areas, very little work has been done on land use and its implications on land surface thermal characteristics over the Sokoto area of Nigeria, despite the strategic importance of the zone, including urbanization, increased population as well as the climate in the area, which is dominated by warm harmattan wind blowing Sahara dust inland. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the implications of urban growth on temporal variations of land surface temperature (LST) using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) techniques over Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria between 1986 and 2016. Read More

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http://www.royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.18066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304134PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Analysis of the Preserved Amino Acid Bias in Peptide Profiles of Iron Age Teeth From a Tropical Environment Enable Sexing of Individuals Using Amelogenin MRM.

Proteomics 2019 Jan 16:e1800341. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

PERAHU, Griffith Centre for Social and Cultural Research & School of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast campus, QLD, 4222, Australia.

We describe the first dental proteomic profiles of Iron Age individuals (c2000-1000 years B.P), collected from the site of Long Long Rak rock shelter (LLR) in northwest Thailand. A bias toward the preservation of the positively charged aromatic, and polar amino acids is observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.201800341DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

New taxa of the genus Phlugiolopsis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Meconematinae) from Yunnan, China, with comments on the importance to taxonomy of the left tegmen.

Authors:
Xun Bian Fuming Shi

Zootaxa 2018 Dec 19;4532(3):341-366. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Key Laboratory of Ecology of Rare and Endangered Species and Environmental Protection (Guangxi Normal University), Ministry of Education, China, Guilin 541004, China College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China.

The relationships among the Phlugiolopsis species are poorly understood. In this paper, three new subgenera are proposed and four new species are described from Yunnan, China. The microstructures of male stridulatory files are examined for selected species of Phlugiolopsis using scanning electron micrographs (SEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4532.3.2DOI Listing
December 2018

Archiving of Integrative Structural Models.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1105:261-272

RCSB Protein Data Bank, Institute for Quantitative Biomedicine, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, USA.

Integrative or hybrid structural biology involves the determination of three-dimensional structures of macromolecular assemblies by combining information from a variety of experimental and computational methods. Archiving the results of integrative/hybrid modeling methods have complex requirements and existing archiving mechanisms are insufficient to handle these pre-requisites. Three concepts important for archiving integrative/hybrid models are presented in this chapter: (1) building a federated network of structural model and experimental data archives, (2) development of a common set of data standards, and (3) creation of mechanisms for interoperation and data exchange among the repositories in a federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_16DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Small Angle Scattering and Structural Biology: Data Quality and Model Validation.

Authors:
Jill Trewhella

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1105:77-100

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This chapter provides a brief review of the current state-of-the-art in small-angle scattering (SAS) from biomolecules in solution in regard to: (1) sample preparation and instrumentation, (2) data reduction and analysis, and (3) three-dimensional structural modelling and validation. In this context, areas of ongoing research in regard to the interpretation of SAS data will be discussed with a particular focus on structural modelling using computational methods and data from different experimental techniques, including SAS (hybrid methods). Finally, progress made in establishing community accepted publication guidelines and a standard reporting framework that includes SAS data deposition in a public data bank will be described. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2200-6_7DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Genetic association with high-resolution climate data reveals selection footprints in the genomes of barley landraces across the Iberian Peninsula.

Mol Ecol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD-CSIC), Av. Montañana 1005, 50059, Zaragoza, Spain.

Landraces are local populations of crop plants adapted to a particular environment. Extant landraces are surviving genetic archives, keeping signatures of the selection processes experienced by them until settling in their current niches. This study intends to establish relationships between genetic diversity of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/mec.15009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15009DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The freshwater crabs of Macau, with the description of a new species of Bott, 1968 and the redescription of Cheng, Yang, Zhong & Li, 2003 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Potamidae).

Zookeys 2018 20(810):91-111. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Palaeontology, Geobiology and Earth Archives Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia University of New South Wales Kensington Australia.

Four species of freshwater crabs from three genera and two families ( Huang, Ahyong & Shih, 2017, Dai, 1997, , and Ng & Dudgeon, 1992) are documented from Macau for the first time. One new species, , is described. The large flap on the male first gonopod terminal segment sets it apart from all other known congeners except Cheng, Yang, Zhong & Li, 2003, from Fujian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.810.30726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6308228PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A unified framework for land cover monitoring based on a discrete global sampling grid (GSG).

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Jan 3;191(2):46. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Forest Inventory and Remote Sensing, Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Environmental monitoring and assessment of the extent and change of land uses and their renewable natural resources over time is a key element in many international processes and one crucial basis for sustainable management. Remote sensing plays an increasingly important role in these monitoring systems, especially if the interest is in large areas. Integration of remote sensing requires comprehensive and careful preprocessing and a high level of expertise which is not always at hand in all applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-7152-yDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Ancient nuclear genomes enable repatriation of Indigenous human remains.

Sci Adv 2018 Dec 19;4(12):eaau5064. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia.

After European colonization, the ancestral remains of Indigenous people were often collected for scientific research or display in museum collections. For many decades, Indigenous people, including Native Americans and Aboriginal Australians, have fought for their return. However, many of these remains have no recorded provenance, making their repatriation very difficult or impossible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau5064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300400PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Author Correction: Tree rings reveal globally coherent signature of cosmogenic radiocarbon events in 774 and 993 CE.

Nat Commun 2018 12 17;9(1):5399. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Geography, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK.

The original version of this Article contained an error in the Data Availability section, which incorrectly read 'All data will be freely available via https://www.ams.ethz. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07636-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297216PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Historical Face of Narcotic Revisited: A Chinese City's Fifty-Year Quest for Hygienic Modernity, 1900-49.

Authors:
Jianan Huang

Med Hist 2019 01;63(1):82-94

For decades, people have viewed narcotics as a devil impeding the modernisation of China, but they have recently been faced with the challenge of declaring that narcotics are harmless in some instances. A deeper understanding of this issue requires historical approaches which show that the demonisation of narcotics has mainly been a political pursuit. In re-examining the drug problem and its correlation to political and socio-economic issues, data statistics based on substantial archives in modern China play a crucial role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2018.64DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Tractor rollover fatalities, analyzing accident scenario.

J Safety Res 2018 Dec 5;67:99-106. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: In many countries, traditional data sources for collecting injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance have recently been integrated by new observatories whose results may differ. A comparative analysis of the Italian data collection systems related to fatal tractor accidents in agriculture was performed focusing on tractor rollover fatalities with the aim of analyzing the accident scenario.

Method: Data from the Operational Archives of the Italian Workers Compensation Authority (INAIL), which collects injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance and those of the National Surveillance System (INAIL_ASL), which provides narrative text reports of work-related fatal accidents have been analyzed and compared to the information collected by the INAIL Observatory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2018.09.015DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Mineralized microbialites as archives of environmental evolution, Laguna Negra, Catamarca Province, Argentina.

Geobiology 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Environmental fluctuations are recorded in a variety of sedimentary archives of lacustrine depositional systems. Geochemical signals recovered from bottom sediments in closed-basin lakes are among the most sensitive paleoenvironmental indicators and are commonly used in reconstructing lake evolution. Microbialites (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gbi.12327DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Re: Gi et al. 2018, In vivo positive mutagenicity of 1,4-dioxane and quantitative analysis of its mutagenicity and carcinogenicity in rats, Archives of Toxicology 92:3207-3221.

Arch Toxicol 2019 Jan 11;93(1):211-212. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00204-018-2370-1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
5.980 Impact Factor

Salt-Enrichment Impact on Biomass Production in a Natural Population of Peatland Dwelling Arcellinida and Euglyphida (Testate Amoebae).

Microb Ecol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK.

Unicellular free-living microbial eukaryotes of the order Arcellinida (Tubulinea; Amoebozoa) and Euglyphida (Cercozoa; SAR), commonly termed testate amoebae, colonise almost every freshwater ecosystem on Earth. Patterns in the distribution and productivity of these organisms are strongly linked to abiotic conditions-particularly moisture availability and temperature-however, the ecological impacts of changes in salinity remain poorly documented. Here, we examine how variable salt concentrations affect a natural community of Arcellinida and Euglyphida on a freshwater sub-Antarctic peatland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-018-1296-8DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Livestock management, beaver, and climate influences on riparian vegetation in a semi-arid landscape.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(12):e0208928. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

US Bureau of Land Management, Vale, Oregon, United States of America.

Riparian and aquatic habitats support biodiversity and key environmental processes in semi-arid and arid landscapes, but stressors such as conventional livestock grazing, wildfire, and drought can degrade their condition. To enhance habitat for fish and wildlife and increase resiliency in these critical areas, land managers in the interior western United States increasingly use alternative grazing strategies, beaver management, or beaver dam surrogates as low-effort, low-expense restoration approaches. In this study we used historical archives of satellite and aerial imagery spanning three decades to characterize riparian vegetation productivity and document beaver dam occurrences, then evaluated vegetation productivity relative to land management associated with livestock grazing and beaver dam densities while accounting for climate and wildfire. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208928PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289506PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Measuring the social impact of nursing research: An insight into altmetrics.

J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The University of Jordan Accreditation and Quality Assurance Center, Amman, Jordan.

Aims: The objectives of this study were to (a) identify nursing journal articles that provoked the most online activity and discussion and (b) assess the association between these articles' altmetric scores and publication characteristics, citation counts; and publishing journals metrics.

Background: Altmetrics, or alternative metrics, have recently emerged as a complementary way of measuring the societal impact of research by assessing the public engagement with research output. To date, no studies have yet investigated the online attention about scientific papers published in the nursing field. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jan.13921
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13921DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads
1.685 Impact Factor

Evolution and extinction of the giant rhinoceros Elasmotherium sibiricum sheds light on late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 Jan 26;3(1):31-38. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, UK.

Understanding extinction events requires an unbiased record of the chronology and ecology of victims and survivors. The rhinoceros Elasmotherium sibiricum, known as the 'Siberian unicorn', was believed to have gone extinct around 200,000 years ago-well before the late Quaternary megafaunal extinction event. However, no absolute dating, genetic analysis or quantitative ecological assessment of this species has been undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0722-0DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Climate Regimes Override Micro-Site Effects on the Summer Temperature Signal of Scots Pine at Its Northern Distribution Limits.

Front Plant Sci 2018 8;9:1597. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Tree growth at northern boreal treelines is generally limited by summer temperature, hence tree rings serve as natural archives of past climatic conditions. However, there is increasing evidence that a changing summer climate as well as certain micro-site conditions can lead to a weakening or loss of the summer temperature signal in trees growing in treeline environments. This phenomenon poses a challenge to all applications relying on stable temperature-growth relationships such as temperature reconstructions and dynamic vegetation models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235909PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Spatial and temporal distribution of heavy metal concentrations and enrichment in the southern Gulf of Mexico.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 10;651(Pt 2):3174-3186. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Unidad Académica de Ecología y Biodiversidad Acuática, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico. Electronic address:

Trace element (As, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) enrichment trends during the past century, were assessed in thirteen Pb-dated sediment cores from the southern Gulf of Mexico, with the purpose to evaluate the impact on the environment, and potentially on public health, of the offshore oil industry and of oil spills such as that of the Ixtoc1 well blowout in 1979. The trace element composition was quite homogeneous among cores; and the pre-industrial concentrations of Ba, Cr, Cu and Ni are naturally high in the region, as to reach levels of potential ecological concern. The influence of multiple and simultaneous processes (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.109DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Footprints from the past: The influence of past human activities on vegetation and soil across five archaeological sites in Greenland.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 8;654:895-905. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Center for Permafrost (CENPERM), Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K. Denmark. Electronic address:

Climate change has irrevocable consequences for the otherwise well-preserved archaeological deposits in the Arctic. Vegetation changes are expected to impact archaeological sites, but currently the effects are poorly understood. In this article we investigate five archaeological sites and the surrounding natural areas along a climate gradient in Southwest Greenland in terms of vegetation types, above- and below-ground biomass, soil geochemistry and spectral properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.018DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

The State Scientific Automated Medical Registry, Kazakhstan: an important resource for low-dose radiation health research.

Radiat Environ Biophys 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 96372, Lyon Cedex 08, France.

Direct quantitative assessment of health risks following exposure to ionizing radiation is based on findings from epidemiological studies. Populations affected by nuclear bomb testing are among those that allow such assessment. The population living around the former Soviet Union's Semipalatinsk nuclear test site is one of the largest human cohorts exposed to radiation from nuclear weapons tests. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00411-018-0762-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00411-018-0762-5DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of long-term estuarine vegetation changes through Landsat imagery.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 31;653:512-522. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

CESAM - Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Salt marshes support estuarine biodiversity and provide ecosystem services; however, their general decay is being observed worldwide, in large part due to land reclamation. Accordingly, there is a growing concern about salt marsh preservation status having in mind the promotion of effective management decisions towards their conservation and restoration. Satellite imagery offers the opportunity to monitor land surface dynamics, constituting a fundamental information source for wetland monitoring. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697183428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.381DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

The Jewish doctors involved in the development of health resorts in eastern Galicia at the late 19th and early 20th century (Central and Eastern Europe).

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2018 Nov 7;130(21-22):680-685. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Institute of Biology, Faculty of Biology and Animal Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 5b, 51-631, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: The involvement of Jewish doctors and scientists in the development of health resorts in eastern Galicia (part of the Austrian monarchy after 1772, and since 1918 as part of independent Poland, now part of Ukraine) is unquestionable; however, awareness of this fact is not that common. Meanwhile, also due to their work and activity, small borderland resorts became important medical, cultural and social centers of the region. The involvement of Jewish doctors in the development of Galician health resorts resulted from, among others, the rich and multi-layered tradition and integration of Judaism with the hygiene regulations and moral principles of the religion. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00508-018-1401-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1401-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244852PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in 'Green Arabia'.

Nat Ecol Evol 2018 Dec 29;2(12):1871-1878. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany.

Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0698-9DOI Listing
December 2018
24 Reads

A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank.

Evol Appl 2018 Oct 29;11(9):1715-1731. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Tulane University New Orleans Louisiana.

Stratigraphic accretion of dormant propagules in soil can result in natural archives useful for studying ecological and evolutionary responses to environmental change. Few attempts have been made, however, to use soil-stored seed banks as natural archives, in part because of concerns over nonrandom attrition and mixed stratification. Here, we examine the persistent seed bank of , a foundational brackish marsh sedge, to determine whether it can serve as a resource for reconstructing historical records of demographic and population genetic variation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/eva.12675
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12675DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6183470PMC
October 2018
24 Reads

Microstructures in relation to temperature-induced aragonite-to-calcite transformation in the marine gastropod Phorcus turbinatus.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(10):e0204577. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany.

Mollusk shells represent important archives for paleoclimatic studies aiming to reconstruct environmental conditions at high temporal resolution. However, the shells, made of calcium carbonate in the form of aragonite and /or calcite, can be altered through time which may undermine the suitability for any reconstruction based on geochemical proxies (i.e. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204577PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192573PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Evaluating the suitability of museum storage or display materials for the conservation of metal objects: a study on the conformance between the deposited metal film method and the Oddy test.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 16;25(35):35109-35129. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Conservation Center, Shanghai Museum, 1118 Longwu Road, Shanghai, 200231, China.

Storing and exhibiting cultural heritages are the basic social functions of museum. Since it is impossible to store or display objects without using containers, cases, or holders, the equipment quality is of great importance. Evaluating the suitability of the equipment should not only learn the mechanical behavior but also focus on the materials because some of them (such as woods) may do harm to the objects due to contaminants released. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3436-6DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Museum metabarcoding: A novel method revealing gut helminth communities of small mammals across space and time.

Int J Parasitol 2018 Nov 11;48(13):1061-1070. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

US Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, 4210 University Dr., Anchorage, AK 99508, USA.

Natural history collections spanning multiple decades provide fundamental historical baselines to measure and understand changing biodiversity. New technologies such as next generation DNA sequencing have considerably increased the potential of museum specimens to address significant questions regarding the impact of environmental changes on host and parasite/pathogen dynamics. We developed a new technique to identify intestinal helminth parasites and applied it to shrews (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae) because they are ubiquitous, occupy diverse habitats, and host a diverse and abundant parasite fauna. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00207519183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2018.08.001DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

F.L. de Castelnau's Norman River fishes housed in the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney.

Zootaxa 2018 Aug 15;4459(3):565-574. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Macleay Museum and School of Life and Environmental Sciences, A12 - Macleay Building, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia. Ichthyology, Australian Museum, 1 Williams Street, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia..

Type specimens were located in the Macleay Museum for five species described by F.L. de Castelnau: Kurtus gulliveri (syntype), Pseudoambassis macleayi (lectotype and two paralectotypes), Pseudoambassis elongatus (lectotype and paralectotype), Acanthoperca gulliveri (syntype) and Engraulis nasutus (syntypes). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4459.3.9DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Brazilian Polycladida (Rhabditophora: Platyhelminthes): Rediscovery of Marcus' type material and general revision.

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 3;4490(1):1-121. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Münchhausenstrasse 21, 81247, München, Germany and Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Germany..

Polyclads are a conspicuous group of marine invertebrates, the most charismatic members of the phylum Platyhelminthes. From Brazil, a total of 71 polyclad species were reported or described. Only three of them were recently described, five are recent records for the Brazilian coast, and 55 were described by Ernest and Eveline Marcus, who were by far the most productive workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4490.1.1DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Seagrass soil archives reveal centennial-scale metal smelter contamination while acting as natural filters.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 30;649:1381-1392. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

School of Science, Centre for Marine Ecosystems Research, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia; Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Blanes 17300, Spain.

The upper Spencer Gulf in South Australia hosts the world's largest single stream Pb-Zn smelter, which has caused environmental and health issues related to elevated metal concentrations in the surrounding environment. The area also has extensive seagrass meadows, occupying >4000 km. We reconstructed the fluxes of heavy metals over the last ~3000 years through a multi-parameter study of the soil archives formed by the seagrass Posidonia australis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697183337
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.400DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Redox-dependent niche differentiation provides evidence for multiple bacterial sources of glycerol tetraether lipids in lakes.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 10 9;115(43):10926-10931. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.

Terrestrial paleoclimate archives such as lake sediments are essential for our understanding of the continental climate system and for the modeling of future climate scenarios. However, quantitative proxies for the determination of paleotemperatures are sparse. The relative abundances of certain bacterial lipids, i. Read More

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http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1805186115
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1805186115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205439PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Progress in Optimization of Mediated Transformation in Sorghum ().

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Sep 29;19(10). Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Key Laboratory for Tobacco Gene Resources, Tobacco Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China.

This review archives the achievements made in the last two decades and presents a brief outline of some significant factors influencing the -mediated transformation of . Recently, progress in successful transformation has been made for this particular monocot crop through direct DNA delivery method and indirect method via However, lower transformation rate still proved to be a bottleneck in genetic modification of sorghum. An efficient transformation system could be attained by optimizing the preliminary assays, comprising of explant source, growth media, antibiotics, strains and agro-infection response of callus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19102983DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6213730PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Global fire history of grassland biomes.

Ecol Evol 2018 Sep 10;8(17):8831-8852. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Chrono-environnement UMR6249 CNRS Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté Besançon France.

Grasslands are globally extensive; they exist in many different climates, at high and low elevations, on nutrient-rich and nutrient-poor soils. Grassland distributions today are closely linked to human activities, herbivores, and fire, but many have been converted to urban areas, forests, or agriculture fields. Roughly 80% of fires globally occur in grasslands each year, making fire a critical process in grassland dynamics. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ece3.4394
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157676PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

AgBioData consortium recommendations for sustainable genomics and genetics databases for agriculture.

Database (Oxford) 2018 01 1;2018. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Horticulture, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA.

The future of agricultural research depends on data. The sheer volume of agricultural biological data being produced today makes excellent data management essential. Governmental agencies, publishers and science funders require data management plans for publicly funded research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/database/bay088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146126PMC
January 2018
6 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Subfossil trees suggest enhanced Mediterranean hydroclimate variability at the onset of the Younger Dryas.

Sci Rep 2018 Sep 18;8(1):13980. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, Potsdam, Germany.

Nearly 13,000 years ago, the warming trend into the Holocene was sharply interrupted by a reversal to near glacial conditions. Climatic causes and ecological consequences of the Younger Dryas (YD) have been extensively studied, however proxy archives from the Mediterranean basin capturing this period are scarce and do not provide annual resolution. Here, we report a hydroclimatic reconstruction from stable isotopes (δO, δC) in subfossil pines from southern France. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32251-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143623PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Updated Global and Oceanic Mercury Budgets for the United Nations Global Mercury Assessment 2018.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Aix Marseille Université , CNRS/INSU, Université de Toulon, IRD, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO) UM 110, 13288 , Marseille , France.

In support of international efforts to reduce mercury (Hg) exposure in humans and wildlife, this paper reviews the literature concerning global Hg emissions, cycling and fate, and presents revised global and oceanic Hg budgets for the 2018 United Nations Global Mercury Assessment. We assessed two competing scenarios about the impacts of 16th - late 19th century New World silver (Ag) mining, which may be the largest human source of atmospheric Hg in history. Consideration of Ag ore geochemistry, historical documents on Hg use, and comparison of the scenarios against atmospheric Hg patterns in environmental archives, strongly support a "low mining emission" scenario. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.8b01246
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b01246DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Morphological variation under domestication: how variable are chickens?

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Aug 8;5(8):180993. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Palaeontology, Geobiology and Earth Archives Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia.

The process of domestication has long fascinated evolutionary biologists, yielding insights into the rapidity with which selection can alter behaviour and morphology. Previous studies on dogs, cattle and pigeons have demonstrated that domesticated forms show greater magnitudes of morphological variation than their wild ancestors. Here, we quantify variation in skull morphology, modularity and integration in chickens and compare those to the wild fowl using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics and multivariate statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124038PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Tree rings reveal globally coherent signature of cosmogenic radiocarbon events in 774 and 993 CE.

Nat Commun 2018 09 6;9(1):3605. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Geography, Swansea University, Swansea, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK.

Though tree-ring chronologies are annually resolved, their dating has never been independently validated at the global scale. Moreover, it is unknown if atmospheric radiocarbon enrichment events of cosmogenic origin leave spatiotemporally consistent fingerprints. Here we measure the C content in 484 individual tree rings formed in the periods 770-780 and 990-1000 CE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06036-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127282PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Cracking the Code of Biodiversity Responses to Past Climate Change.

Trends Ecol Evol 2018 10 30;33(10):765-776. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Southwest Climate Science Center, US Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA; Department of Geosciences and School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.

How individual species and entire ecosystems will respond to future climate change are among the most pressing questions facing ecologists. Past biodiversity dynamics recorded in the paleoecological archives show a broad array of responses, yet significant knowledge gaps remain. In particular, the relative roles of evolutionary adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, and dispersal in promoting survival during times of climate change have yet to be clarified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.07.005DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change.

Science 2018 08;361(6405):920-923

Southwest Climate Adaptation Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.

Impacts of global climate change on terrestrial ecosystems are imperfectly constrained by ecosystem models and direct observations. Pervasive ecosystem transformations occurred in response to warming and associated climatic changes during the last glacial-to-interglacial transition, which was comparable in magnitude to warming projected for the next century under high-emission scenarios. We reviewed 594 published paleoecological records to examine compositional and structural changes in terrestrial vegetation since the last glacial period and to project the magnitudes of ecosystem transformations under alternative future emission scenarios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aan5360DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads
31.480 Impact Factor

Sixty-one thousand recent planktonic foraminifera from the Atlantic Ocean.

Sci Data 2018 08 28;5:180109. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, Yale 06520, USA.

Marine microfossils record the environmental, ecological, and evolutionary dynamics of past oceans in temporally expanded sedimentary archives. Rapid imaging approaches provide a means of exploiting the primary advantage of this archive, the vast number of fossils, for evolution and ecology. Here we provide the first large scale image and 2D and 3D shape dataset of modern planktonic foraminifera, a major microfossil group, from 34 Atlantic Ocean sediment samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111889PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

A month in a horse's life: healing process of a fractured third metatarsal bone from medieval Viljandi, Estonia.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Aug 23. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Tallinn City Archives, Tolli 6, 10133, Tallinn, Estonia; School of Humanities, Institute of History, Archaeology and Art History, Tallinn University, Narva Road 25, 10120, Tallinn, Estonia. Electronic address:

The remains of a horse's hind foot - a third metatarsal bone and three phalanges - were found in a presumed waste pit of a prosperous medieval household in Viljandi, Estonia, dated from the second half of the 13 to the beginning of the 15 century. The metatarsal bone had been broken during the horse's lifetime and showed evidence of partial healing. Using archaeological, zooarchaeological, morphological, microscopic, densitometric and radiographic analyses, we investigated the bones and the healing process in order to understand animal treatment in a medieval urban context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2018.07.003DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Tidal Records as Liquid Climate Archives for Large-Scale Interior Mediterranean Variability.

Sci Rep 2018 Aug 22;8(1):12586. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

The St. Petersburg Department of P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, RAS, 30, Pervaya Liniya, 199053, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Characterization of interior ocean variability is necessary for understanding climate. Water mass evolution shapes ocean-atmosphere interactions and contributes to determine timescales for global and regional climate variability. However, a robust assessment of past state and variability of the ocean interior is prevented by sparseness/shortness of historical subsurface observations and uncertainties affecting proxy-based reconstructions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30930-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6105714PMC
August 2018
16 Reads

Multiple Sclerosis in Italy: A 40-Year Follow-Up of the Prevalence in Ferrara.

Neuroepidemiology 2018 21;51(3-4):158-165. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Section of Neurological Sciences, Department of Biochemical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Background: To assess a longitudinal follow-up of the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) through 4 decades in the province of Ferrara, northern Italy, and reappraise the current rates on December 31, 2016.

Methods: We conducted a community-based intensive prevalence study, by adopting a complete enumeration approach. MS cases were identified from administrative health data and medical records from the Units of Neurology and Motor Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, from other provincial neurological structures and from archives of the National Pension Institute and National Health Insurance scheme of the study area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491548DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Evidence of degradation of hair corticosterone in museum specimens.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2018 11 9;268:128-133. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, Canada. Electronic address:

Researchers increasingly rely on non-invasive physiological indices, such as glucocorticoid (GC) levels, to interpret how vertebrates respond to changes in their environment. Recently, hair GCs have been of particular interest, because they are presumed stable over long periods of storage, which may facilitate the study of large-scale spatial and temporal patterns of stress in mammals. In the current study, we evaluated the stability of hair corticosterone levels in museum specimens, and the potential effects of different museum curation treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.08.011DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

When did first reach Southeast Asia and Sahul?

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 08 6;115(34):8482-8490. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Australian Biodiversity and Heritage, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Anatomically modern humans (, AMH) began spreading across Eurasia from Africa and adjacent Southwest Asia about 50,000-55,000 years ago ( 50-55 ka). Some have argued that human genetic, fossil, and archaeological data indicate one or more prior dispersals, possibly as early as 120 ka. A recently reported age estimate of 65 ka for Madjedbebe, an archaeological site in northern Sahul (Pleistocene Australia-New Guinea), if correct, offers what might be the strongest support yet presented for a pre-55-ka African AMH exodus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808385115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112744PMC
August 2018
3 Reads