24,906 results match your criteria Archives of Disease in Childhood[Journal]


Not measuring residual gastric volumes in preterm infants can increase the progression of enteral nutrition with earlier discharge from hospital.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Neonatology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318671DOI Listing

Diffuse excessive high signal intensity on term equivalent MRI does not predict disability: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women Perth, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate whether diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) on term equivalent age MRI (TEA-MRI) predicts disability in preterm infants.

Design: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, EMCARE, Google Scholar and MedNar databases were searched in July 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318207DOI Listing

Neonatal outcomes of extremely preterm twins by sex pairing: an international cohort study.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Infant boys have worse outcomes than girls. In twins, the 'male disadvantage' has been reported to extend to female co-twins via a 'masculinising' effect. We studied the association between sex pairing and neonatal outcomes in extremely preterm twins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-318832DOI Listing

Generating longitudinal growth charts from preterm infants fed to current recommendations.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Neonatal Medicine, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK.

Objective: To use repeated measurements of weight, length and head circumference to generate growth centile charts reflecting real-world growth of a population of very preterm infants with a well-described nutritional intake close to current recommendations.

Design: Infants born before 30 weeks gestational age (GA) were recruited. Infants received nutrition according to an integrated care pathway, with nutrient intake recorded daily, weight recorded twice-weekly and length and head circumference weekly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318404DOI Listing

NICE guidance on diagnosis and management of cystic fibrosis.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Paediatrics, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-316882DOI Listing

Malar rash in a young child with neurodevelopmental delay: a quiz.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Dermatology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon

-A 14-month-old boy born to consanguineous parents presented to our Dermatology Department with a 6-month history of a malar eczematous rash that worsens with sun exposure. He had butterfly-shaped, hyperpigmented exfoliating plaques, preceded by blister formation (figure 1). He was also noticed to have enophthalmos, a pinched nose, microcephaly and a cachectic physique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318334DOI Listing

Young victims of youth violence: using youth workers in the emergency department to facilitate 'teachable moments' and to improve access to services.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Association for Young People's Health, London, UK

There have been rising concerns in the UK about the levels of serious violence between young people, especially serious physical violence and knife crime. Interactions with young people in the emergency department (ED) at the time of injury provide an opportunity for screening and intervention in order to reduce the risk of repeat attendances. However, paediatricians and other healthcare workers can feel unsure about the best way to intervene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318251DOI Listing

COVID-19 lockdown dropped the rate of paediatric asthma admissions.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319522DOI Listing

"I've never heard of anyone die of measles…".

Authors:
Ross Langley

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Paediatric Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319348DOI Listing

Are we overdiagnosing obesity in preschool children?

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-318857DOI Listing

Children and young people's concerns and needs relating to their use of health technology to self-manage long-term conditions: a scoping review.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK

Background: The use of patient-facing health technologies to manage long-term conditions is increasing; however, children and young people may have particular concerns or needs before deciding to use different health technologies.

Aims: To identify children and young people's reported concerns or needs in relation to using health technologies to self-manage long-term conditions.

Methods: A scoping review was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319103DOI Listing

Emergency paediatric critical care in England: describing trends using routine hospital data.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Population, Policy and Practice Research and Teaching Department, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Objective: To determine trends in emergency admission rates requiring different levels of critical care in hospitals with and without a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Design: Birth cohort study created from Hospital Episode Statistics.

Setting: National Health Service funded hospitals in England. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317902DOI Listing

State of child health: how is the UK doing?

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Population, Policy and Practice Research Programme, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319367DOI Listing

Are decontamination measures effective in preventing recurrent staphylococcal skin infection in children?

Arch Dis Child 2020 Jun;105(6):603-607

Infectious Diseases Unit, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318735DOI Listing

Towards evidence-based medicine for paediatricians.

Authors:
Bob Phillips

Arch Dis Child 2020 Jun;105(6):601

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York Alcuin College, York YO10 5NB, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319489DOI Listing

Migraine prophylaxis medication; is it all placebo effect?

Authors:

Arch Dis Child 2020 Jun;105(6):538

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319492DOI Listing

Paediatric care in the time of COVID-19 in countries with under-resourced healthcare systems.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneve, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319333DOI Listing

Primary care faecal calprotectin testing in children with suspected inflammatory bowel disease: a diagnostic accuracy study.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Gastroenterology, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter, UK

Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of calprotectin to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children in whom general practitioners (GPs) suspected IBD.

Design: Prospective observational cohort study of a new calprotectin-based primary care referral pathway.

Setting: 48 GP practices and gastroenterology secondary care services at the Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust in the South-West of England, UK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317823DOI Listing

Neonatal intubation success rates: four UK units.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Neonatology, Royal Hospital for Children Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319111DOI Listing

Resuscitation outcomes for weekend deliveries of very low birthweight infants.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology/Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Objective: To characterise the association between weekend (Saturday and Sunday) deliveries of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and delivery room outcomes in the 'golden hour' after birth.

Design And Setting: A retrospective cohort study using California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative data from participating neonatal intensive care units.

Patients: The study population after exclusions was 26 515 VLBW infants born in California from 2010 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317807DOI Listing

Fifteen-minute consultation: Fertility preservation in children with cancer.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Paediatric Oncology, Sheffield Children's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Advances in the treatment of childhood cancer have led to significant numbers of children surviving into adulthood and beyond. There is therefore an increasing focus on reduction of long-term effects of treatment including subfertility. In this article, we give an overview of the different methods of fertility preservation and how to discuss this important topic in children newly diagnosed with cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318619DOI Listing

Point-of-care ultrasound could be an effective alternative to radiology-performed imaging in the diagnosis of intussusception and pneumonia in children.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Emergency Medicine, Royal Hospital for Children Glasgow, Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-318868DOI Listing

Treatment of infants with craniofacial malformations.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Interdisciplinary Centre for Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Malformations, Tuebingen University Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany

Infants with craniofacial malformations (CFMs) are at increased risk of various clinical problems, including respiratory and feeding disorders, the result of which may be long-lasting. An improvement in clinical care can be achieved by prenatal diagnosis and interdisciplinary birth preparation. Feeding problems may particularly be stressful for the family and require a team approach involving nursing staff, speech therapists and nutritional specialists to anticipate, avoid and treat sequelae such as failure to thrive or recurrent aspirations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317890DOI Listing

WHO hospital care for children guidelines: what do users need?

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318752DOI Listing

Non-alcoholic liver disease and childhood obesity.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Paediatric Endocrinology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children and adolescents has an estimated prevalence of 36.1% in the context of obesity. This figure is anticipated to increase in conjunction with the global obesity epidemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318063DOI Listing

Fifteen-minute consultation: recognising and addressing rude, undermining and bullying behaviour.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Neonatology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK.

We set ourselves very high standards at work and when there is a sense that somehow we have failed, we are left feeling disappointed and frustrated. We all set very high standards for ourselves. When those feelings are exacerbated by the embarrassment of a public dressing down, especially if there isn't an opportunity to explain just how difficult the situation had been, we are left feeling angry and let down. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319101DOI Listing

Acute kidney injury following intravenous acyclovir in children.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Nephrology, Sydney Children's Hospital Randwick, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children receiving intravenous acyclovir and determine risk factors that may be associated with it.

Design: This was a retrospective cohort study, conducted by chart review.

Setting: The study was conducted across two paediatric hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317990DOI Listing

Umbilical cord interleukin-6 predicts outcome in very low birthweight infants in a high HIV-burden setting: a prospective cohort study.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Paediatrics and Child Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences, Durban, South Africa.

Objectives: South Africa has a double burden of high neonatal mortality and maternal HIV prevalence. Common to both is a proinflammatory in utero and perinatal milieu. The aim of this study was to determine cytokine profiles in HIV exposed (HE) and HIV unexposed (HU) very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and to determine whether these were associated with predischarge outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318665DOI Listing

Population child health: understanding and addressing complex health needs.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Advances in paediatric care mean that more children with complex medical problems (heart disease, neurodevelopmental problems and so on) are surviving their early years. This has important implications for the design and delivery of healthcare given their extensive multidisciplinary requirements and susceptibility to poor outcomes when not optimally managed. Importantly, their medical needs must also be understood and addressed within the context of the child and family's life circumstances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317373DOI Listing

RCPCH Stroke in Childhood Guidelines: how well are these being followed?

Arch Dis Child 2020 05 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Paediatric Neurosciences, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319209DOI Listing

Serum amoxicillin levels in young infants (0-59 days) with sepsis treated with oral amoxicillin.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Section of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Pediatrics and Child Health, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: WHO recommends simplified antibiotics for young infants with sepsis in countries where hospitalisation is not feasible. Amoxicillin provides safe, Gram-positive coverage. This study was done to determine pharmacokinetics, drug disposition and interpopulation variability of oral amoxicillin in this demographic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-317342DOI Listing

Measuring functional recovery in somatic symptom and related disorders: a scoping review.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne Faculty of Medicine Dentistry and Health Sciences, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Objective: Somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRDs) are prevalent, heterogenous conditions that have the potential to profoundly affect normative function in children and adolescents. Yet there is little understanding of pathways to recovery. This study aimed to systematically scope how functional recovery has been measured in children and adolescents with SSRD . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-318955DOI Listing

COVID-19: lessons to date from China.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China

The pandemic due to a novel coronavirus has been sweeping across different regions of the globe since January 2020. Early reports of this infection due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) consisted of mostly adult patients. As the outbreak spreads rapidly beyond the epicentre of Wuhan, it becomes clear that infants and children of all ages are susceptible to this infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319261DOI Listing
May 2020
2.899 Impact Factor

Hidden illness: one patient's story.

Authors:
Sophie Ainsworth

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

RAiISE, Clitheroe BB7 4SN, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318568DOI Listing

Implementation of bowel ultrasound practice for the diagnosis and management of necrotising enterocolitis.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Neonatal Service, Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Poole, UK

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious inflammatory bowel disease of prematurity with potentially devastating complications and remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among premature infants. In recent years, there has been accumulating data regarding benefits of using bowel ultrasound (BUS) in the diagnosis and management of NEC. Despite this, adoption of robust BUS programmes into clinical practice has been slow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318382DOI Listing

Steroid-filled rant: or another fashion accessory?

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, Middx, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319462DOI Listing

Prioritising paediatric surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Immunisation and Countermeasures Division, Public Health England Colindale, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319363DOI Listing

Costs of postoperative morbidity following paediatric cardiac surgery: observational study.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objective: Early mortality rates for paediatric cardiac surgery have fallen due to advancements in care. Alternative indicators of care quality are needed. Postoperative morbidities are of particular interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318499DOI Listing

Impact of expanding a paediatric OPAT programme with an antimicrobial stewardship intervention.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Hospital-in-the-Home Department, The Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Background: As treatment out of hospital with outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) increases, so too does the risk for patients of being less visible, with potential for suboptimal care.

Objectives: We aimed to compare pre-expansion and post-expansion (1) successful completion, complications and (2) the impact of an OPAT-specific antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) intervention to mitigate inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.

Design: A prospective longitudinal study during two consecutive 12-month periods: period A (1 August 2012 to 31 July 2013) and period B (1 August 2013 to 31 July 2014). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318091DOI Listing

Challenges in chronic paediatric disease during the COVID-19 pandemic: diagnosis and management of inflammatory bowel disease in children.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Southampton Children's Hospital, Southampton, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319482DOI Listing

Area-level socioeconomic disparity trends in nutritional status among 5-6-year-old children in Israel.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Medicine, Jerusalem, Ein Karem, Israel.

Objective: This study aimed to assess area-level socioeconomic position (SEP) disparities in nutritional status, to determine whether disparities differed by sex and to assess whether nutritional status and disparities changed over time.

Design: We used repeated cross-sectional data from a national programme that evaluates the quality of healthcare in Israel to assess children's nutritional status.

Setting: The study included all Israeli residents aged 7 years during 2014-2018 (n=699 255). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318595DOI Listing

Children are not COVID-19 super spreaders: time to go back to school.

Arch Dis Child 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

NIHR Southampton Clinical Research Facility and NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, Hampshire, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319474DOI Listing