1,101 results match your criteria Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases[Journal]


Innovative invasive management without stent implantation guided by optical coherence tomography in acute coronary syndrome.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Cardiology Department, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, ISIT-CAVITI, UMR 6284, UdA-CNRS, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: A two-step strategy of invasive management without stenting, guided by optical coherence tomography (OCT), in selected patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), might avoid systematic stent implantation and allow medical therapy alone.

Aims: To assess the feasibility and safety of such a procedure, and to define coronary imaging characteristics in a specific population.

Methods: This single-centre proof-of-concept study included all patients with ACS who benefited from a two-step revascularization procedure with optimal reperfusion during primary percutaneous coronary intervention followed by delayed angiography and OCT. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Current indications for the intra-aortic balloon pump: The CP-GARO registry.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Université Rennes, Department of cardiology, CHU Rennes, Inserm, LTSI-UMR 1099, 35000 Rennes, France; EA4324, département de cardiologie, optimisation des régulations physiologiques (ORPhy), UFR sciences et techniques, CHU de Brest, 29200 Brest, France; L'institut du Thorax, CHU Nantes, service de cardiologie, 44093 Nantes, France. Electronic address:

Background: Intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) have been used routinely since the 1970s. Recently, large randomized trials failed to show that IABP therapy has meaningful benefit, and international recommendations downgraded its place, particularly in cardiogenic shock.

Aims: The aim of this registry was to describe the contemporary use of IABP therapy, in light of these new data. Read More

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Mechanical circulatory support in patients with cardiogenic shock in intensive care units: A position paper of the "Unité de Soins Intensifs de Cardiologie" group of the French Society of Cardiology, endorsed by the "Groupe Athérome et Cardiologie Interventionnelle" of the French Society of Cardiology.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology, Paris-Diderot University, Lariboisiere Hospital, AP-HP, 75010 Paris, France.

Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a major challenge in contemporary cardiology. Despite a better understanding of the pathophysiology of CS, its management has only improved slightly. The prevalence of CS has remained stable over the past decade, but its outcome has seen few improvements, with the 1-month mortality rate still in the range of 40-60%. Read More

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Three-dimensional mapping in the electrophysiological laboratory.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 7. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

University Hospital Rangueil, 31059 Toulouse, France.

Investigation and catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias are currently still based on optimal knowledge of arrhythmia mechanisms in relation to the cardiac anatomy involved, in order to target their crucial components. Currently, most complex arrhythmias are investigated using three-dimensional electroanatomical navigation systems, because these are felt to optimally integrate both the anatomical and electrophysiological features of a given arrhythmia in a given patient. In this article, we review the technical background of available three-dimensional electroanatomical navigation systems, and their potential use in complex ablations. Read More

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Role of cardiac imaging and three-dimensional printing in percutaneous appendage closure.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care II, Magellan Medico-Surgical Centre, CHU de Bordeaux, avenue de Magellan, 33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac arrhythmia, affecting up to 13% of people aged>80 years, and is responsible for 15-20% of all ischaemic strokes. Left atrial appendage occlusion devices have been developed as an alternative approach to reduce the risk of stroke in patients for whom oral anticoagulation is contraindicated. The procedure can be technically demanding, and obtaining a complete left atrial appendage occlusion can be challenging. Read More

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Intracranial haemorrhage in infective endocarditis.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Cardiology Department, la Timone Hospital, AP-HM, boulevard Jean-Moulin, 13005 Marseille, France; MEPHI, IRD, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Aix Marseille University, AP-HM, 13005 Marseille, France.

Background: Although intracranial cerebral haemorrhage (ICH) complicating infective endocarditis (IE) is a critical clinical issue, its characteristics, impact, and prognosis remain poorly known.

Aims: To assess the incidence, mechanisms, risk factors and prognosis of ICH complicating left-sided IE.

Methods: In this single-centre study, 963 patients with possible or definite left-sided IE were included from January 2000 to December 2015. Read More

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Predictors of future onset of atrial fibrillation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Inserm U1045, l'institut de rythmologie et modélisation cardiaque, Bordeaux University, 33604 Pessac, France; Department of echocardiography and cardiomyopathies competence centre, Bordeaux University Hospital, 33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Background: Novel predictors of atrial fibrillation (AF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are desirable.

Aim: To detect new multimodality imaging variables predictive of de novo AF in HCM.

Methods: Consecutive patients with HCM underwent clinical assessment and 48-hour Holter electrocardiography to detect AF episodes. Read More

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Toward the integration of global longitudinal strain analysis in the assessment of neonatal aortic coarctation? A preliminary study.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jun 3. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology Unit, Bordeaux University Hospital, 33604 Pessac, France.

Background: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is still challenging to diagnose in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Speckle tracking echocardiography allows reliable analysis of myocardial deformation in newborns and seems to provide important insides into regional changes in patients with left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction.

Aims: To assess the interest of LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) measurement for predicting CoA in neonates with PDA and prenatal suspicion. Read More

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Stroke prevention, 1-year clinical outcomes and healthcare resource utilization in patients with atrial fibrillation in France: Data from the GARFIELD-AF registry.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 31. Epub 2018 May 31.

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27705, USA.

Background: GARFIELD-AF is a non-interventional worldwide study of adults with atrial fibrillation.

Aims: To analyse the characteristics of the 1399 patients recruited in France from August 2010 to July 2015, their 1-year outcomes and healthcare resource utilization.

Method: Patients aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (≤6 weeks' duration) and ≥1 stroke risk factor were eligible. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to rule out significant coronary artery disease in patients with systolic heart failure of unknown aetiology: Single-centre experience and comprehensive meta-analysis.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 31. Epub 2018 May 31.

Service de cardiologie, institut cœur poumon, centre hospitalier régional et universitaire de Lille, 59000 Lille, France. Electronic address:

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of systolic heart failure (HF). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is a non-invasive technique that detects a myocardial infarction scar as subendocardial or transmural late gadolinium enhancement (st-LGE).

Aim: We sought to evaluate whether a lack of st-LGE could rule out CAD in new-onset systolic HF of unknown aetiology. Read More

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Risk of thromboembolic complications in adult congenital heart disease: A literature review.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

Adult Congenital Heart Disease Unit, Centre de Référence des Malformations Cardiaques Congénitales Complexes (M3C), 75015 Paris, France; Cardiology Department, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, 75015 Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, 75006 Paris, France; Inserm U970, Paris Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire, 75015 Paris, France.

Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) is a constantly expanding population with challenging issues. Initial medical and surgical treatments are seldom curative, and the majority of patients still experience late sequelae and complications, especially thromboembolic events. These common and potentially life-threating adverse events are probably dramatically underdiagnosed. Read More

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Usefulness of echocardiographic-fluoroscopic fusion imaging in children with congenital heart disease.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.

Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Children's Hospital, M3C CHU Toulouse, Paul Sabatier University, 31059 Toulouse, France.

Background: Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) has become indispensable in the catheterization laboratory in the guidance of some percutaneous interventions, as a complementary imaging technique to fluoroscopy. However, the two imaging modalities are presented separately and differently, making interpretation of the anatomical spatial relationships complicated. EchoNavigator (Philips Healthcare, Best, the Netherlands) is an innovative software package, enabling fusion of fluoroscopic and echocardiographic images on the same screen. Read More

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New data on resynchronization, ablation, anticoagulation, an assist device and athletes' electrocardiograms: A mosaic of updates.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May;111(5):317-319

Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; Cardiology Department, European Georges-Pompidou Hospital, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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May 2018
2 Reads

Is ventilatory therapy combined with exercise training effective in patients with heart failure and sleep-disordered breathing? Results of a randomized trial during a cardiac rehabilitation programme (SATELIT-HF).

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 2. Epub 2018 May 2.

Pneumology Department, centre hospitalier Bligny, 91640 Briis-sous-Forge, France.

Background: Sleep-related disordered breathing is common in patients with chronic heart failure.

Aim: To assess the efficacy of short-term nocturnal ventilatory therapy combined with exercise training (V+ET) compared with exercise training alone (ET) in patients with chronic heart failure with sleep-disordered breathing.

Methods: Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II-IIIb, with an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)>15/h, and enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, were centrally randomized to V+ET or ET. Read More

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Mechanism of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protection against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion-induced injury.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 30. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Department of ICU, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310000, China.

Background: New therapeutic targets are required for ischaemic heart disease; our study was designed to assess the theoretical foundation and experimental basis underlying the use of a new anticytokine agent, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), in this setting.

Aim: To investigate the cardioprotective properties of IL-1ra in terms of inhibition of apoptosis and improvement in systolic and diastolic functions of ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injured cardiomyocytes, via a reduction in the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor-mediated Ca overload induced by myocardial I/R injury.

Methods: For in vivo animal experiments, 30 adult male Sprague Dawley rats were anaesthetized and randomized into sham, I/R, and IL-1ra+I/R groups (n=10 in each). Read More

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Outcome of patients with cardiac amyloidosis admitted to an intensive care unit for acute heart failure.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 27. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

UPEC, Henri-Mondor University Hospital, AP-HP, 94000 Créteil, France; Inserm U955, 94000 Créteil, France; DHU ATVB, 94000 Créteil, France.

Background: The outcome of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) has been reported mainly in stable populations; limited data are available in patients referred for acute heart failure (AHF) to an intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU).

Aims: To address the characteristics and outcomes of patients with confirmed CA admitted to an ICCU for AHF and then to identify the predictors of evolution to cardiogenic shock.

Methods: All patients with CA referred to an ICCU for AHF between 2009 and 2015 were included. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Is von Willebrand factor associated with stroke and death at mid-term in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May;111(5):357-369

Service de cardiologie, hôpital Saint-Antoine, hôpitaux de l'Est parisien, AP-HP, 75012 Paris cedex 12, France; Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (UPMC), Sorbonne universités, 75005 Paris, France; Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine, Inserm, UMR S 938, 75012 Paris, France; Inserm, U856, « Thrombose, Athérothrombose et Pharmacologie Appliquée », 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Heart failure and atrial fibrillation share common mechanisms that may contribute to hypercoagulability and thrombotic risk. Elevated von Willebrand factor (vWF) concentration has been associated with increased risk of thromboembolism and cardiovascular events.

Aim: To investigate whether increased vWF plasma concentration predicts occurrence of a composite endpoint (all-cause death and stroke) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Read More

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Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds: Time to absorb past lessons or fade away?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 17;111(4):229-232. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, hôpital Cochin, AP-HP, 75014 Paris, France; Faculté de médecine, université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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April 2018
4 Reads

Dedicated heart valve networks for improving the outcome of patients with valvular heart disease?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Inserm U1088, université de Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France; Service de cardiologie B, CHU d'Amiens, 80054 Amiens, France.

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April 2018
1 Read

Interventional catheterization and echocardiography: An indefectible link illustrated by atrial septal defect closure.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 13. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Service de Cardiologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital des Enfants, CHU Toulouse, 31000 Toulouse, France.

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April 2018
2 Reads

Impact of fused computed tomography and fluoroscopy in the catheterization laboratory.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 6. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

M3C CHU Nantes, Fédération des Cardiopathies Congénitales, l'Institut du Thorax, CHU Nantes, 44093 Nantes, France; Unité d'Hémodynamique, l'Institut du Thorax, CHU Nantes, 44093 Nantes, France. Electronic address:

The development of structural interventional catheterization for acquired or congenital heart disease was made possible through concomitant advances in catheterization techniques/tools and imaging techniques (fluoroscopy, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography). Imaging should provide an accurate view of the lesions and the surrounding cardiac structures, as well as the medical devices and catheters used. Here, we address the subject of image fusion. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Coronary microcirculation in acute myocardial ischaemia: From non-invasive to invasive absolute flow assessment.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 2;111(4):306-315. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Département de Cardiologie et Maladies Vasculaires, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Cochin, 75014 Paris, France; Faculté de Médecine de Paris Descartes, Université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France.

Although substantial progress has been made in recent decades in reducing mortality and performing optimal revascularization in patients with myocardial infarction, ischaemic heart disease, including acute coronary syndrome, remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide. One of the remaining challenges is to better detect, prevent and treat extended myocardial damage despite angiographically optimal revascularization. Several indices are available in clinical practice to evaluate myocardial damage, infarct size and potential myocardial recovery. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Quantitative assessment of primary mitral regurgitation using left ventricular volumes obtained with new automated three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic software: A comparison with 3-Tesla cardiac magnetic resonance.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Centre Cardiothoracique de Monaco, 98000, Monaco.

Background: Quantitative assessment of primary mitral regurgitation (MR) using left ventricular (LV) volumes obtained with three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D TTE) recently showed encouraging results. Nevertheless, 3D TTE is not incorporated into everyday practice, as current LV chamber quantification software products are time consuming.

Aims: To investigate the accuracy and reproducibility of new automated fast 3D TTE software (HeartModel; Philips Healthcare, Andover, MA, USA) for the quantification of LV volumes and MR severity in patients with isolated degenerative primary MR; and to compare regurgitant volume (RV) obtained with 3D TTE with a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) reference. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Arterial stiffness evaluated by pulse wave velocity is not predictive of the improvement in hypertension after adrenal surgery for primary aldosteronism: A multicentre study from the French European Society of Hypertension Excellence Centres.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 16. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Department of Therapeutics and Hypertension, Rangueil University Hospital, 31059 Toulouse, France.

Background: Predictive factors associated with normal blood pressure (BP) after unilateral adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism (PA) are not clearly identified.

Aims: To evaluate the predictive value of arterial stiffness before surgery on BP after surgery.

Methods: During 2009-2013, 96 patients with PA due to unilateral adrenal adenoma who underwent surgery were enrolled in a multicentre open-label, prospective study. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Answer to the letter of Walid Amara et al.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 15;111(4):304-305. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Clinique Pasteur, 31300 Toulouse, France.

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April 2018
1 Read

Is transcatheter aortic valve replacement a profitable procedure in a high-volume French hospital?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 15. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Service de cardiologie, hôpital Nord-Laennec, CHU de Nantes, 44800 Saint-Herblain, France.

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has revolutionized the prognosis of inoperable patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Yet, the implantation of expensive prostheses in patients with comorbidities may be questionable in an era when healthcare costs are becoming a major concern.

Aim: The objective of this study was to assess whether the TAVR procedure is profitable in a high-volume French hospital. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Body mass index as a measure of global adiposity.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 15;111(3):141-143. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK; National Institute for Health Research Blood and Transplant Research Unit in Donor Health and Genomics, Cambridge, United Kingdom; National Health Service Blood and Transplant, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

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March 2018
1 Read

Usefulness of echocardiographic-fluoroscopic fusion imaging in adult structural heart disease.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 11. Epub 2018 Mar 11.

Expert Valve and Structural Center - SOS Endocardites and INSERM U955, Department of Cardiology, Henri-Mondor University Hospital, 94000 Creteil, France.

Percutaneous approaches to treat structural heart diseases are growing in number and complexity. Multimodality imaging is essential for planning and monitoring such interventions. The combination of three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography with fluoroscopy is the cornerstone of interventional imaging. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

French national survey on infective endocarditis and the Melody™ valve in percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 9. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Centre de Référence Malformations Cardiaques Congénitales, Complexes-M3C, Necker Hospital for Sick Children, George-Pompidou European Hospital, Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris (AP-HP), 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne-Paris Cité, 75006 Paris, France.

Background: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is a routine treatment for dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a major concern.

Aim: To report French experience with the Melody™ valve (Medtronic Inc. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Impact of the time-to-treatment concept on the outcome of acute heart failure: A pilot study.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 28;111(4):270-275. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Unit of Heart Failure and Valvular Heart Diseases, Department of Cardiology, Hôpital Nord, Mediterranean Cardio-Oncology University Centre (MEDI-CO Centre), Aix-Marseille University, AP-HM, 13015 Marseille, France; Centre for CardioVascular and Nutrition research (C2VN), Inserm 1263, Inra 1260, Aix-Marseille University, 13385 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Background: An optimal maximum time of 60minutes has been recommended in recent guidelines for the first evaluation and treatment of patients with acute heart failure (AHF); however, this has not been tested prospectively.

Aim: To analyze the impact of a time-to-treatment (TTT) strategy of <60minutes on the in-hospital outcome of patients with AHF.

Methods: During a single 1-month period, we consecutively enrolled all patients hospitalized with AHF in a prospective cohort. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Temporal trends in clinical characteristics and management according to sex in patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction: The FAST-MI programme.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Feb 22. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Department of cardiology, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs more frequently in women, but little is known about its potential specificities according to sex.

Aims: To analyse the incidence, management and 1-year mortality of CS according to sex using the FAST-MI programme.

Methods: The FAST-MI programme consists of four nationwide French surveys carried out 5 years apart from 1995 to 2010, including consecutive patients with AMI over a 1-month period, and with a 1-year follow-up. Read More

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February 2018
5 Reads

Prospective assessment of the frequency of low gradient severe aortic stenosis with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: Critical impact of aortic flow misalignment and pressure recovery phenomenon.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.

Service de cardiologie, faculté libre de médecine, université catholique de Lille, GCS-groupement des hôpitaux de l'Institut catholique de Lille, 59160 Lomme, France; Inserm U1088, université de Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address:

Background: The frequency of paradoxical low-gradient severe aortic stenosis (AS) varies widely across studies. The impact of misalignment of aortic flow and pressure recovery phenomenon on the frequency of low-gradient severe AS with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has not been evaluated in prospective studies.

Aims: To investigate prospectively the impact of aortic flow misalignment by Doppler and lack of pressure recovery phenomenon correction on the frequency of low-gradient (LG) severe aortic stenosis (AS) with preserved LVEF. Read More

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February 2018
4 Reads

Multilayer global longitudinal strain in patients with cancer: A comparison of two vendors.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr;111(4):285-296

Service de cardiologie, hôpital Saint-Antoine, AP-HP, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris-Sorbonne, Paris VI, 184, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France. Electronic address:

Background: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) has several sources of variation. Strain multilayer tracking is a new tool that has not yet been validated in clinical practice.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate intervendor variability when measuring multilayer strain in patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Social network as teaching material in medical school: Review and perspectives.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Feb 3;111(2):71-73. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Service de cardiologie, hôpital Cochin, AP-HP, 75014 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, faculté de médecine, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:

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February 2018
1 Read

Initiation and continuation of oral anticoagulant prescriptions for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation: A cohort study in primary care in France.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 3;111(5):370-379. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Centre hospitalier universitaire Trousseau et université François-Rabelais, 37000 Tours, France.

Background: Oral anticoagulants are prescribed in non-valvular atrial fibrillation for stroke prevention; however, little is known about the current management of anticoagulation in France, particularly given the availability of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in recent years.

Aims: To describe the characteristics of patients prescribed oral anticoagulants, and assess treatment persistence in French primary care.

Methods: We conducted a cohort study of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, who were newly prescribed oral anticoagulants between 1 January 2014 and 31 January 2016, using French primary care data (IMS Longitudinal Patient Database). Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Response to the letter: The high burden of coronary artery disease in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 5;111(3):227. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Unit of Heart Failure and Valvular Heart Diseases, Department of Cardiology, hôpital Nord, Aix-Marseille University, AP-HM, 13015 Marseille, France; Centre de recherche cardiovasculaire et nutrition (C2VN), UMR MD2, Inserm 1263, Inra, Aix-Marseille université, 13005 Marseille, France.

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March 2018
2 Reads

Adverse impact of diabetes mellitus on left ventricular remodelling in patients with chronic primary mitral regurgitation.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory and Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02114, USA; Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory, Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has an impact on left ventricular (LV) geometry and function, and is associated with worsening of pressure-overload LV remodelling; however, its impact on volume-overload LV remodelling is unknown.

Aim: The objective of the study was to examine the association between DM and LV remodelling in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) caused by mitral valve prolapse.

Methods: During a median follow-up of 3. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Long-term clinical outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock according to left ventricular function: The French registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) programme.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Department of Cardiology, HEGP, AP-HP, 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, 75006 Paris, France.

Background: Cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains a major concern. Failure of the left ventricular (LV) pump is the primary insult in most forms of CS, but other parts of the circulatory system and diastolic function contribute to shock. However, little is known of the clinical presentation, management and outcomes according to LV function in these patients. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Percutaneous coronary artery interventions in the paediatric population: Periprocedural and late outcome.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Dec 26. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Paediatric Cardiology, Centre de référence malformations cardiaques congénitales complexes, M3C, Necker Hospital for Sick Children, Assistance Publique des hôpitaux de Paris, 75105 Paris, France; Université Paris V Descartes, 75006 Paris, France.

Background: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) are generally performed in adults with ischaemic heart disease, but reports of experience in the paediatric population are relatively limited.

Aims: To report indications, interventional techniques and procedural outcomes for PCI in children treated in two French institutions.

Methods: Medical records of all children in whom a PCI was attempted in two French tertiary institutions between 1998 and 2015 were systematically reviewed. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

High burden of coronary artery disease in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Mar 26;111(3):224-226. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of cardiology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

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March 2018
3 Reads

Assessment of potential heart donors: A statement from the French heart transplant community.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Feb 23;111(2):126-139. Epub 2017 Dec 23.

Service de cardiologie, hôpital cardiologique, centre hospitalier régional et universitaire de Lille, 59000 Lille, France.

Assessment of potential donors is an essential part of heart transplantation. Despite the shortage of donor hearts, donor heart procurement from brain-dead organ donors remains low in France, which may be explained by the increasing proportion of high-risk donors, as well as the mismatch between donor assessment and the transplant team's expectations. Improving donor and donor heart assessment is essential to improve the low utilization rate of available donor hearts without increasing post-transplant recipient mortality. Read More

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February 2018
6 Reads

Electrocardiographic patterns and long-term training-induced time changes in 2484 elite football players.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 21;111(5):380-388. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Service de cardiologie, institut Lorrain du cœur et des vaisseaux Louis-Mathieu, centre hospitalier universitaire de Nancy, 4, rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

Background: High-level physical training induces cardiac structural and functional changes, including 12-lead electrocardiogram modifications.

Objectives: The purpose of this cross-sectional longitudinal study was to establish a quantitative electrocardiographic profile in highly trained football players. Initial and serial annual electrocardiogram monitoring over subsequent years allowed us to investigate the long-term effects of exercise on cardiac conduction and electrophysiological remodelling. Read More

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May 2018
8 Reads

Immediate complete revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention: Insights from the ORBI registry.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Dec 8. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

CIC-IT 804, service de cardiologie et maladies vasculaires, CHU Pontchaillou, 35000 Rennes, France; Inserm U1099, laboratoire de traitement du signal et de l'image, université de Rennes 1, 35000 Rennes, France.

Background: Recent studies demonstrated the superiority of complete revascularization (CR) in patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Aim: To evaluate whether immediate CR improves in-hospital outcomes in patients with STEMI with multivessel disease.

Methods: Data from a prospective multicentre registry including 9365 patients with STEMI were analysed. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Atrial fibrillation: Neurogenic or myogenic?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Jan 8;111(1):59-69. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Service de rythmologie, hôpital Louis-Pradel, 28, avenue du Doyen-Lépine, 69500 Bron cedex, France. Electronic address:

A 55-year-old hypertensive patient presents atrial fibrillation after vasovagal syncope. Non-invasive cardiac workup is normal. Without antiarrhythmic therapy, the patient has no recurrence for the next 3years, then presents with a stroke. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Is tricuspid annuloplasty increasing surgical mortality and morbidity during mitral valve replacement? A single-centre experience.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Dec 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of cardiology, Bichat hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France; INSERM U1148, Bichat hospital, Paris, France; Faculté de médecine Paris-Diderot, university Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Performance of tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery is recommended based on the degree of tricuspid regurgitation and tricuspid annulus size, but is often underused.

Aim: To evaluate the impact of combined TA on in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR).

Methods: We selected all consecutive patients who underwent MVR for native valve disease. Read More

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December 2017
13 Reads

Electrical storm in the early phase of HeartMate II device implantation: Incidence, risk factors and prognosis.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 May 6;111(5):332-339. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Service de rythmologie, hôpital cardiologique du Haut-Lévêque, 1, avenue Magellan, 33600 Pessac, France; LIRYC Institute, Inserm 1045, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Ventricular arrhythmia is common after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, especially in the early postoperative phase (<30 days).

Aim: To identify the incidence of and risk factors for electrical storm (ES) occurring within 30 days of HeartMate II implantation.

Methods: We reviewed data from all consecutive patients undergoing HeartMate II device implantation at our institution from January 2008 to December 2014. Read More

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May 2018
7 Reads

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the evaluation of liver disease in adults who have had the Fontan operation.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Apr 1;111(4):276-284. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; Manchester Royal Infirmary, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Liver disease (LD) is a long-term complication in patients with a single ventricle who have had the Fontan operation. A decline in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) variables is associated with increased risk of hospitalization, but its association with LD is unknown.

Aim: To determine the association between CPET variables and LD in adults who have had the Fontan operation. Read More

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April 2018
7 Reads