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    1017 results match your criteria Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases[Journal]

    1 OF 21

    A comparison between multipolar mapping and conventional mapping of atrial tachycardias in the context of atrial fibrillation ablation.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 15. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Cardiology, Princess Grace Hospital, Pasteur Avenue, Monaco.
    Background: Activation mapping can be challenging and time-consuming in patients with multiple atrial tachycardias (ATs).

    Aims: To compare multielectrode mapping using a dedicated mapping catheter - PentaRay (Biosense Webster Inc.) - and the conventional technique for mapping ATs in the context of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Read More

    Layer-specific deformation of the left ventricle in uncomplicated patients with type 2 diabetes and arterial hypertension.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 15. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital "Dr Dragisa Misovic-Dedinje", Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Background: Detailed analysis of layer-specific mechanical changes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) might improve insight into left ventricular (LV) remodelling and diabetic cardiomyopathy.

    Aim: We sought to investigate layer-specific LV deformation in patients with DM, with and without hypertension.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 146 subjects (44 controls; 48 patients with DM; 54 patients with DM and hypertension) who underwent complete examination by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), including multilayer strain analysis. Read More

    Hypoxia and heart regeneration: A new paradoxical approach for cardioprotection.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Physiopathologie et épidémiologie cérébro-cardiovasculaires (EA7460), faculté des sciences de santé (médecine pharmacie), Dijon, université de Bourgogne, 7, boulevard Jeanne-d'Arc, BP 87900, 21079 Dijon cedex, France; Service de cardiologie, CHU François-Mitterrand, Dijon, France.

    Follow-up of children or teenagers with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, but without pre-excitation syndrome.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jul 24. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Adult and Paediatric Cardiology, CHU de Brabois, 42 bis, rue du Colonel-Driant, 54220 Malzéville, France.
    Background: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is considered benign in children if the electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm is normal, but causes anxiety in parents, children and doctors.

    Aims: To report on the clinical and electrophysiological data from children with SVT, their follow-up and management.

    Methods: Overall, 188 children/teenagers (mean age 15±2. Read More

    Cardiovascular effects of air pollution.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Cardiology Department, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, VUB, 1090 Jette, Belgium.
    Air pollution is composed of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone. PM is classified according to size into coarse particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) and ultrafine particles. Read More

    Coronary artery calcification: From crystal to plaque rupture.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jul 20. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Department of Cardiology, Toulouse-Rangueil University Hospital, Toulouse University School of Medicine, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France. Electronic address:
    Epidemiological studies using coronary artery calcification measurement have linked calcification strongly with coronary events and mortality. Formerly considered as a passive age-related phenomenon, coronary artery calcification is now recognized as an active and regulated process. In fact, there is a local influence linked to the inflammation generated by the presence of oxidized lipids and, equally, a general influence from mineral metabolism factors, such as inorganic phosphate, calcium, pyrophosphate or fibroblast growth factor 23, which are regulators of cell differentiation and of phosphate and calcium deposition on the vascular layers. Read More

    Three-dimensional interlead distance predicts response and outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jul 19. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Cardiology Department, François Rabelais University, Tours, France.
    Background: Approximately one-third of patients do not respond favourably to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A longer distance between ventricular leads may improve response.

    Aim: To study the impact of the true three-dimensional interlead distance (ILD) on outcomes. Read More

    Right ventricular strain in heart failure: Clinical perspective.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun 29. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of cardiology, Charité-university-medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Deutsches Zentrum für Herz-Kreislauf-Forschung (DZHK), Standort Berlin/Charité, Berlin, Germany; Department of cardiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin (DHZB), Berlin, Germany.
    The number of studies demonstrating the importance of right ventricular remodelling in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases has increased in the past two decades. Speckle-tracking imaging provides new variables that give comprehensive information about right ventricular function and mechanics. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of right ventricular mechanics in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction. Read More

    Incidence, indications and predicting factors of permanent pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A retrospective study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun 21. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Département de cardiologie, CHU de Nancy, 54511 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France; Université de Lorraine, 54000 Nancy, France. Electronic address:
    Background: As the number of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures is constantly increasing, it is important to consider common complications, such as pacemaker (PM) implantation, and their specific risk factors.

    Aims: Echocardiographic, computed tomography and electrocardiographic data were analysed to determine the predicting factors, if any, associated with PM implantation.

    Methods: This retrospective study included patients referred to Nancy University Hospital for a TAVI procedure from January 2013 to December 2015. Read More

    French Registry on Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction 2015 (FAST-MI 2015). Design and baseline data.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):366-378. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Cardiology, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: The FAST-MI programme, consisting of 1-month surveys of patients admitted to hospital for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in France, has run since 2005.

    Aim: To gather data on the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients hospitalized for AMI at the end of 2015 in France and to provide comparisons with the previous surveys.

    Methods: Consecutive adults with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with symptom onset≤48hours were included over a 1-month period, with a possible extension of recruitment for 1 additional month. Read More

    Position paper for the evaluation and management of oral status in patients with valvular disease: Groupe de Travail Valvulopathies de la Société Française de Cardiologie, Société Française de Chirurgie Orale, Société Française de Parodontologie et d'Implantologie Orale, Société Française d'Endodontie et Société de Pathologie Infectieuse de Langue Française.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):482-494. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of cardiology, Bichat hospital, AP-HP, DHU FIRE, Paris-Diderot university, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Read More

    Is bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting a safe option for chronic dialysis patients?
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun 16. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Cardiovascular department, Ospedali Riuniti and university of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
    Background: The use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting has been proposed for dialysis patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, primarily because of hypothetical long-term survival benefits.

    Aims: To investigate the outcome of BITA grafting in dialysis patients.

    Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of the use of BITA grafting in 105 consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure on chronic dialysis in three European centres with extensive experience in BITA. Read More

    Impact of platelet inhibition level on subsequent no-reflow in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun 2. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Department of cardiology, Mustapha Hospital university, 1, place du 1(er)-Mai, 16001 Algiers, Algeria; Cardiology Oncology Research Collaborative Group (CORCG), University of Medicine of Algiers Benyoucef Benkhedda, Algiers, Algeria.
    Background: High P2Y12 platelet reactivity (PR) level after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) affects prognosis and may induce the no-reflow phenomenon.

    Aim: To investigate the role of PR in the genesis of microvascular obstruction.

    Methods: Patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI within 12hours of symptoms onset were included prospectively. Read More

    Clinical features and prognosis of infective endocarditis in children: Insights from a Tunisian multicentre registry.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 31. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Cardiology B Department, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, avenue 1(er)-Juin, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia; University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
    Background: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare condition in the paediatric setting. No data on the epidemiology and prognosis of IE in children are available from North African countries.

    Aim: To investigate the epidemiological profile and prognosis of IE in children in Tunisia. Read More

    Performance of new automated transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiographic software for left ventricular volumes and function assessment in routine clinical practice: Comparison with 3 Tesla cardiac magnetic resonance.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Centre cardiothoracique de Monaco, 11 bis, avenue d'Ostende, 98000 Monaco, France.
    Background: Three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is superior to two-dimensional Simpson's method for assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Nevertheless, 3D TTE is not incorporated into everyday practice, as current LV chamber quantification software products are time-consuming.

    Aims: To evaluate the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of new fully automated fast 3D TTE software (HeartModel(A. Read More

    Determinants of left atrial volume index in patients with aortic stenosis: A multicentre pilot study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Cardiology department, university hospital of Amiens, avenue René-Laënnec, 80054 Amiens cedex 1, France; Inserm U-1088, Jules Verne university of Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Left atrial (LA) enlargement is frequent in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), yet its determinants and prognostic implications are poorly understood.

    Aims: To identify the echocardiographic variables associated with increased LA volume index (LAVI), and test the prognostic value of LAVI in AS.

    Methods: We prospectively included 715 patients with AS in sinus rhythm at enrolment. Read More

    Ebstein's anomaly in adults: Modified cone reconstruction of the tricuspid valve is associated with promising outcomes.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 26;110(5):325-333. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Marie-Lannelongue Hospital, Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease, 92330 Le Plessis Robinson, France.
    Background: Ebstein's anomaly is a complex malformation. Justification of a procedure in mildly symptomatic adults is debatable: repair techniques are demanding and valve replacement is associated with poorer outcome.

    Objectives: We report our initial experience with the cone procedure versus medical follow-up. Read More

    Cardiac sarcoidosis: Diagnosis, therapeutic management and prognostic factors.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):456-465. Epub 2017 May 26.
    UMR 7211, Inflammation-Immunopathology-Biotherapy Department, Département de Médecine Interne et d'Immunologie Clinique, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris, CHU Pitié-Salpétrière, 75005 Paris, France.
    Background: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a severe localization, observed mostly in cardiology departments. Despite appropriate cardiological treatment, CS is a potentially life-threatening condition, and accounts for 13-85% of sarcoidosis-related deaths.

    Aims: This retrospective study aimed to give an overview of CS in a non-cardiac unit, to analyse the effect of first-line immunosuppressive treatment on outcome and survival and to evaluate factors associated with relapses. Read More

    From evidence-based medicine to personalized medicine, with particular emphasis on drug-safety monitoring.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):413-419. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Department of Internal Medicine, CHU Lyon Sud, 69310 Pierre-Bénite, France.
    Nowadays, guidelines are derived from the findings of randomized controlled therapeutic trials. However, an overall significant P value does not exclude that some patients may be harmed by or will not respond to the therapeutic agent being studied. Trials in patients with a low risk of events and/or a limited chance of providing significant differences in therapeutic effects require a large patient population to demonstrate a beneficial effect. Read More

    Percutaneous pulmonary Melody(®) valve implantation in small conduits.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 23. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Centre de reference malformations cardiaques congenitales complexe - M3C, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris cedex, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.
    Background: The Melody(®) pulmonary valve has received approval for the treatment of dysfunctional right ventricular (RV) outflow tract conduits ≥16mm.

    Aims: To investigate technical and clinical outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) in conduits ≤16mm.

    Methods: Eleven patients were enrolled retrospectively between 2000 and 2015 in a cardiac referral centre. Read More

    The usefulness of global left atrial strain for predicting atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation in patients with persistent and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):447-455. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, No. 600 Yishan Road, 200233 Shanghai, China.
    Background: Given the potential complications of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after ablation, better predictors of the effectiveness of the procedure are necessary to guide patient selection.

    Aim: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical relevance of global left atrial longitudinal strain (GLAS) and AF recurrence after catheter ablation.

    Methods: In 115 consecutive patients with AF (persistent, n=62; paroxysmal, n=53), transthoracic echocardiography was performed before catheter ablation to assess baseline left atrial mechanical function using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). Read More

    Fast, accurate and easy-to-teach QT interval assessment: The triplicate concatenation method.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):475-481. Epub 2017 May 11.
    INSERM, CIC-1421 and UMR ICAN 1166, France; Department of Pharmacology and CIC-1421, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, AP-HP, France; Faculty of Medicine, Sorbonne University, UPMC University of Paris 06, France; Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition (ICAN), Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: The gold standard method for assessing the QTcF (QT corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's cube root formula) interval is the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate averaging method" (TAM), which consists of measuring three QTcF values semiautomatically, for each 10-second sequence of a triplicate electrocardiogram set, and averaging them to get a global and unique QTcF value. Thus, TAM is time consuming. We have developed a new method, namely the "QTcF semiautomated triplicate concatenation method" (TCM), which consists of concatenating the three 10-second sequences of the triplicate electrocardiogram set as if they were a single 30-second electrocardiogram, and measuring QTcF only once for the triplicate electrocardiogram set. Read More

    Baseline characteristics and outcomes after transcatheter aortic-valve implantation in patients with or without previous balloon aortic valvuloplasty: Insights from the FRANCE 2 registry.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 3. Epub 2017 May 3.
    L'UNAM université, service de cardiologie, Angers, France; Laboratoire cardioprotection, remodelage et thrombose, service de cardiologie, CHU d'Angers, institut MITOVASC, 49045 Angers, France.
    Background: Some patients who are at high surgical risk because of multiple co-morbidities undergo balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge therapy towards transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI).

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical course of patients with or without previous BAV who underwent TAVI and were included in the FRANCE 2 registry.

    Methods: From January 2010 to December 2011, 3953 patients underwent TAVI. Read More

    Transcutaneous aortic valve implantation using the carotid artery access: Feasibility and clinical outcomes.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):389-394. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Department of Cardiology, University and Hospital of Fribourg, Switzerland; Clinique Cecil, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Background: Transcarotid access is an alternative route for transcutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with impossible transfemoral access.

    Aims: We evaluated the safety, effectiveness and early and late clinical outcomes of CoreValve(®) implantation via the common carotid artery.

    Methods: Eighteen patients (10 men, 8 women; mean age 84±5 years) at high surgical risk (mean EuroSCORE II 16±13%) with significant peripheral artery disease underwent TAVI via common carotid artery access under general anaesthesia. Read More

    HIV infection and aortic stiffness.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):495-502. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, AP-HP, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC-Université Paris 06, France; INSERM, UMR_S 938, UPMC, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and receiving antiretroviral therapy now have the same life expectancy as the general population. However, they have a higher risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events because of a complex and polyfactorial vasculopathy, combining the effects of antiretroviral therapy, the HIV virus itself, immune activation, chronic inflammation and metabolic disturbances. Whether people living with HIV infection experience increased vascular aging compared with the general population remains controversial. Read More

    Causes and temporal trends in procedural deaths after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Cardiology Department, DHU FIRE, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, 75018 Paris, France.
    Background: The causes of procedural deaths after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have been scarcely detailed.

    Aims: To assess these causes and their temporal trends since the beginning of the TAVI era.

    Methods: From October 2006 to April 2014, 601 consecutive high-risk/inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis underwent TAVI using the Edwards SAPIEN or SAPIEN XT or the Medtronic CoreValve. Read More

    Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):420-431. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    AP-HP, Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; Univ. Paris-Sud, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.
    Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease, also known as group 2 pulmonary hypertension according to the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society classification, is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left heart disease, the development of pulmonary hypertension favours right heart dysfunction, which has a major impact on disease severity and outcome. Over the past few years, this condition has been considered more frequently. Read More

    Dose-dependent association between muscle-strengthening activities and all-cause mortality: Methodological issues.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Apr 7;110(4):273. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Managerial Epidemiology Research Center, Department of Public Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

    Relationship between exercise pressure gradient and haemodynamic progression of aortic stenosis.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):466-474. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Service de cardiologie, GCS-groupement des hôpitaux de l'institut catholique de Lille, faculté libre de médecine, université catholique de Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Inserm U 1088, université de Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address:
    Background And Aims: We hypothesized that large exercise-induced increases in aortic mean pressure gradient can predict haemodynamic progression during follow-up in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis.

    Methods: We retrospectively identified patients with asymptomatic moderate or severe aortic stenosis (aortic valve area<1.5cm(2) or<1cm(2)) and normal ejection fraction, who underwent an exercise stress echocardiography at baseline with a normal exercise test and a resting echocardiography during follow-up. Read More

    Ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias in adult congenital heart disease: A contemporary review.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 27;110(5):334-345. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Département de Cardiologie, Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire de Paris (INSERM U970), Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Supraventricular arrhythmias are an important and increasing cause of morbidity in adults with congenital heart disease, requiring specific management strategies. Pharmacological treatment has limited efficacy, and is often associated with some side-effects. Major improvements in catheter ablation techniques have opened new opportunities to better understand underlying mechanisms of supraventricular arrhythmias, offer better therapy, and eventually improve symptoms and quality of life in these patients. Read More

    Ten-year outcomes of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia catheter ablation in repaired tetralogy of Fallot.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 25;110(5):292-302. Epub 2017 Mar 25.
    Unité de Rythmologie, Institut de Cardiologie, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (MVT) is common in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and is associated with sudden cardiac death. Management of MVT is not defined, and results of catheter ablation (CA) are limited.

    Aims: To evaluate long-term outcomes of MVT CA in repaired TOF. Read More

    Educational needs of adolescents with congenital heart disease: Impact of a transition intervention programme.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 22;110(5):317-324. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    M3C-Unité Médico-Chirugicale de Cardiologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades, AP-HP, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
    Background: Adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have complex health needs and require lifelong follow-up. Interventions to facilitate the paediatric-to-adult healthcare transition are recommended, but outcomes remain largely under-investigated.

    Aims: To identify the educational needs and the impact of a transition intervention on knowledge and self-management skills in adolescents and young adults with CHD. Read More

    Characteristics and outcomes of heart failure-related hospitalization in adults with congenital heart disease.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 14;110(5):283-291. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Adult Congenital Heart Disease Unit, Cardiology Department, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, France; Paediatric Cardiology, Necker Hospital, AP-HP, France; Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; Paris Cardiovascular Research Centre (PARCC), INSERM U970, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Heart failure (HF) is the main cause of death in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD).

    Aims: We aimed to characterize HF-related hospitalization of patients with ACHD, and to determine HF risk factors and prognosis in this population.

    Methods: We prospectively included 471 patients with ACHD admitted to our unit over 24 months. Read More

    Outcome of adults with Eisenmenger syndrome treated with drugs specific to pulmonary arterial hypertension: A French multicentre study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 9;110(5):303-316. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Adult congenital heart diseases unit, department of cardiology, centre de référence M3C, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Paris cardiovascular research centre (PARCC), Inserm U970, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France; Centre de référence malformations cardiaques congénitales complexes M3C, hôpital universitaire Necker-Enfants-Malades, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
    Background: The relationship between pulmonary arterial hypertension-specific drug therapy (PAH-SDT) and mortality in Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is controversial.

    Aims: To investigate outcomes in patients with ES, and their relationship with PAH-SDT.

    Methods: Retrospective, observational, nationwide, multicentre cohort study. Read More

    Contemporary use of drug-coated balloons in coronary artery disease: Where are we now?
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Apr 6;110(4):259-272. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Interventional cardiology division, department of medicine, Montreal heart institute, université de Montréal, 5000 Bélanger, H1T 1C8 Montréal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:
    The drug-coated balloon (DCB) has emerged as an additional tool in the arsenal of interventional cardiology devices; it delivers antiproliferative drugs to local arterial tissue by single prolonged coated balloon angioplasty inflation, and prevents restenosis, leaving no implant behind. This strategy theoretically decreases the risk of late inflammatory response to device components, without preventing positive remodelling. DCBs, when used carefully and with a good technique, may have a role in the treatment of lesion subsets, such as in-stent restenosis, small vessel disease or side branch bifurcations, in which the implantation of a drug-eluting stent is not desirable or is technically challenging. Read More

    Heart transplantation in adults with congenital heart disease.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 22;110(5):346-353. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Service de Chirurgie des Cardiopathies Congénitales, Hôpital Marie-Lannelongue-M3C, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.
    With the advances in congenital cardiac surgery and postoperative care, an increasing number of children with complex congenital heart disease now reach adulthood. There are already more adults than children living with a congenital heart defect, including patients with complex congenital heart defects. Among these adults with congenital heart disease, a significant number will develop ventricular dysfunction over time. Read More

    Evaluation of screening for myocardial ischaemia in women at cardiovascular risk.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):379-388. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    CHU Lille, Institut Cardio-Pulmonaire, Lille, France.
    Background: Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death in women. Prevention, screening and diagnosis are generally implemented at later stages and less frequently than in men, and provision of treatment is not optimal in women.

    Aims: To assess the relevance of targeted screening for myocardial ischaemia in women with multiple risk factors, and to identify which specific factors target women more effectively. Read More

    The left atrial septal pouch as a risk factor for stroke: A systematic review.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Apr 21;110(4):250-258. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Stroke Unit, Brugmann University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.
    The left atrial septal pouch (LASP) is formed by incomplete fusion of the septum primum and septum secundum, leaving a cavity open towards the left atrium, but without interatrial shunting. There is no recommendation concerning strategy in the presence of a LASP, especially in the setting of stroke. The aim of this review was to determine whether the LASP could be incriminated as the aetiology of a stroke. Read More

    Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death in tetralogy of Fallot.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 17;110(5):354-362. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    University Children Hospital, Toulouse, France; Marie-Lannelongue Hospital, Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.
    Malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death may late happen in repaired tetralogy of Fallot, although probably less frequently than previously thought, especially with the advent of new surgical techniques/management. Ventricular tachycardias are caused by reentry around the surgical scars/patches and valves. Many predictive factors have been proposed, which suffer from poor accuracy. Read More

    Anatomical features of acute mitral valve repair dysfunction: Additional value of three-dimensional echocardiography.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Mar 14;110(3):196-201. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Department of Cardiology, AP-HP, Bichat Hospital, 75018 Paris, France; Inserm U1148, Bichat Hospital, 75018 Paris, France; University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR-S 1148, 75870 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Recurrence of mitral regurgitation after mitral valve repair is correlated with unfavourable left ventricular remodelling and poor outcome. This pictorial review describes the echocardiographic features of three types of acute mitral valve repair dysfunction, and the additional value of three-dimensional echocardiography. Read More

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