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    1048 results match your criteria Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases[Journal]

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    Cardiovascular anatomy in children with bidirectional Glenn anastomosis, regarding the transcatheter Fontan completion.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 13. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Service de cardiologie pédiatrique, centre de référence malformations cardiaques congénitales complexes - M3C, hôpital universitaire Necker-Enfants-Malades, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris cedex, France; Université Paris V Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Transcatheter stent-secured completion of total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) after surgical preparations during the Glenn anastomosis procedure has been reported, but complications from this approach have precluded its clinical acceptance.

    Aims: To analyse cardiovascular morphology and dimensions in children with bidirectional Glenn anastomosis, regarding the optimal device design for transcatheter Fontan completion without special surgical "preconditionings".

    Methods: We retrospectively analysed 60 thoracic computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiograms performed in patients with a median age of 4. Read More

    A novel method for localization and ablation of conduction gaps after wide antral circumferential ablation of pulmonary veins.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    CHU de Rennes, service de cardiologie et maladies vasculaires, 35000 Rennes, France; Université de Rennes 1, LTSI, 35000 Rennes, France; Inserm, U1099, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Background: Atrial fibrillation ablation is often performed by achieving pulmonary vein isolation using the "wide antral circumferential ablation" (WACA) technique, but many pulmonary veins remain connected because of conduction gaps in the ablation line.

    Aim: To analyse the efficacy of a novel technique based on pacing manoeuvres to detect gaps in an initial WACA lesion.

    Methods: Patients referred for radiofrequency atrial fibrillation ablation were enrolled prospectively. Read More

    National trends in admission for cardiac rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction in France from 2010 to 2014.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 10. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    The French Public Health Agency, 12, rue du Val-d'Osne, 94410 Saint-Maurice cedex, France.
    Background: Follow-up care and rehabilitation services [soins de suite et réadaptation (SSR)], especially cardiac rehabilitation (CR), constitute a key stage for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

    Aims: To study admission to SSR, especially for CR, among patients hospitalized for AMI in France in 2014, and its temporal trend between 2010 and 2014.

    Methods: We used the French National Hospital Database to select patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of AMI (identified by ICD-10 codes I21 to I23) in the first semester of each year from 2010 to 2014. Read More

    Clinical implications of guiding catheter extubation during fractional flow reserve measurements.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 8. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Centre hospitalier universitaire de Cochin, 27, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Jacques, 74014 Paris, France.
    Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is defined by the maximal coronary flow ratio with and without stenosis.

    Aims: We hypothesized that guiding catheter intubation in coronary ostia during FFR measurements may underestimate FFR value by limiting the increase of coronary flow during maximal hyperaemia.

    Methods: Between June 2013 and January 2014, we prospectively included all patients with i. Read More

    Transfemoral aortic valve implantation is more successful with the Edwards Sapien 3 compared with the Edwards XT for the treatment of symptomatic severe aortic stenosis.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 8. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Department of Internal Medicine II - Cardiology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany. Electronic address:
    Background: Residual aortic regurgitation (AR) after transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with increased mortality. The new Edwards Sapien 3 valve (ES3) is designed to reduce paravalvular AR.

    Aim: To compare a new-generation and a late-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve. Read More

    The role of platelet reactivity assessment in dual antiplatelet prophylaxis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 7. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Intensive Cardiac Therapy Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is recommended prophylaxis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The usefulness of platelet reactivity (PLTR) tests in predicting the safety of periprocedural DAPT in the TAVI population is unknown.

    Aim: To analyze the value of aspirin/clopidogrel PLTR testing in predicting the risk of in-hospital TAVI-related bleeding. Read More

    Nox4 genetic inhibition in experimental hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 4. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Institut clinique de la Souris, institut de génétique et de biologie moléculaire et cellulaire, université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, France; Laboratoire de neurobiologie et pharmacologie cardiovasculaire, faculté de médecine, fédération de médecine translationnelle, université, CHU de Strasbourg, 11, rue Humann, 67085 Strasbourg cedex, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Metabolic syndrome is a combination of symptoms including obesity, dyslipidaemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. Oxidative stress appears to be a pathophysiological factor that links these signs and encourages progression towards heart failure and diabetes. Nox4 is a hydrogen peroxide nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase isoform - found in various cardiovascular cells and tissues, but also in tissues such as the liver - which is involved in glucose and lipid homeostasis. Read More

    Pulmonary dysfunction and development of different cardiovascular outcomes in the general population.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 4. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Research group, Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services in Stroke, Center for Stroke Research, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitèplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
    Background: Pulmonary dysfunction and cardiovascular disease are major causes of impaired health status in later life, and co-development of these diseases has been reported.

    Aim: To better understand the pathobiology involved in the co-development of these diseases.

    Methods: We investigated the impact of pulmonary dysfunction on the development of cardiovascular disease among people aged≥50 years in the English longitudinal study of ageing (ELSA). Read More

    Time course of secondary mitral regurgitation in patients with heart failure receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy: Impact on long-term outcome beyond left ventricular reverse remodelling.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Cardiology department, GCS-groupement des hôpitaux, institut catholique de Lille, université catholique de Lille, 59000 Lille, France; Inserm U1088, université de Picardie, 59280 Amiens, France. Electronic address:
    Background: The prognostic value of secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) at baseline versus immediately after and several months after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), beyond left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling, has yet to be investigated.

    Aim: To evaluate the clinical significance of secondary MR before and at two timepoints after CRT in a large cohort of consecutive patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced LV ejection fraction.

    Methods: A total of 198 patients were recruited prospectively into a registry, and underwent echocardiography at baseline and immediately after CRT (on the day of hospital discharge). Read More

    Pregnancy in women with a cardiomyopathy: Outcomes and predictors from a retrospective cohort.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Centre de référence pour les maladies cardiaques héréditaires, hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, ICAN, AP-HP, 47, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France; CESP, Inserm U1018, service de génétique, hôpital Ambroise-Paré, université Versailles-Saint-Quentin, AP-HP, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Pregnancies in women with pre-existing cardiomyopathies are considered at high risk for complications. However, few data are available to characterize their natural history and predict the outcome.

    Aims: Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of acute cardiac and obstetric events in women with a cardiomyopathy during pregnancy, excluding peripartum cardiomyopathy. Read More

    Immediate and 1-year follow-up with the novel nanosurface modified COBRA PzF stent.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of cardiology, GCS ES-Axium-Rambot, 21, avenue Alfred-Capus, 13090 Aix-en-Provence, France.
    Background: The COBRA PzF coronary stent, which has a unique nano-coating of Polyzene-F, was developed to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis.

    Aims: To report procedural and 1-year clinical outcomes following COBRA PzF coronary stent implantation in a real-world percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry.

    Methods: All patients assigned to treatment with the COBRA PzF in the GCS Axium Rambot Center, Aix-en-Provence, France between February 2013 to June 2014 were prospectively enrolled. Read More

    Quality of life in children participating in a non-selective INR self-monitoring VKA-education programme.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Pediatric Cardiology Department, AP-HP, Necker-Enfants malades, M3C National Reference Center, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
    Background: The quality of life (QoL) of children receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment has been scarcely studied.

    Aim: To assess QoL of children, and its evolution, throughout our non-selective international normalized ratio (INR) self-monitoring education programme.

    Methods: Children and parents completed QoL questionnaires (Qualin, PedsQL) during education sessions. Read More

    Reduction of radiation exposure in transcatheter atrial septal defect closure: How low must we go?
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 30. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Service de cardiologie pédiatrique, centre de référence malformations cardiaques congénitales complexes - M3C, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris cedex, France; Université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Cardiac catheterization relies on X-ray imaging. Most procedures are now standardized. Interventionists must strive to minimize radiation exposure to reduce the risk of induced cancers. Read More

    Role of tumour necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) and associated proteins in coronary artery disease and cardiac events.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 30. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Northern Ireland centre for stratified medicine, school of biomedical sciences, Ulster university, CTRIC building, Altnagelvin hospital, Glenshane Road, BT47 6SB Londonderry, Northern Ireland; Cardiology department, Western health and social care trust, Altnagelvin hospital, Glenshane road, BT47 6SB Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
    Tumour necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) is a member of the A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family of ectodomain shedding proteinases. It regulates many inflammatory processes by cleaving several transmembrane proteins, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and its receptors tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 1 and tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 2. There is evidence that TACE is involved in several inflammatory diseases, such as ischaemia, heart failure, arthritis, atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer as well as neurological and immune diseases. Read More

    Prevalence and characteristics of coronary artery disease in heart failure with preserved and mid-range ejection fractions: A systematic angiography approach.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 11. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    Unit of Heart Failure and Valvular Heart Diseases, Department of Cardiology, hôpital Nord, Aix-Marseille University, AP-HM, chemin des Bourrely, 13015 Marseille, France; Mediterranean Association for Research and Studies in Cardiology (MARS Cardio), 13015 Marseille, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Guidelines recommend careful screening and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in heart failure with preserved or mid-range ejection fraction (HFpEF/HFmEF).

    Aim: We aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of CAD using a prospective systematic coronary angiography approach.

    Methods: A systematic coronary angiography protocol was applied in consecutive patients admitted for HFpEF/HFmEF during a 6-month period in a single centre. Read More

    Diuretics versus volume expansion in acute submassive pulmonary embolism.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 10;110(11):616-625. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Cardiology department, CHU Pasteur, 06000 Nice, France.
    Background: The benefit of volume expansion (VE) in submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is unclear.

    Aim: To compare the effects of diuretic treatment versus VE in patients hospitalized for PE with RV dysfunction.

    Methods: We prospectively included 46 consecutive patients with submassive PE treated on admission with a 40mg bolus of furosemide (D group, n=24) or 500mL of saline infusion (VE group, n=22). Read More

    Five-year major clinical outcomes according to severity of coronary artery spasm as assessed by intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 10. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Department of Medicine, Korea University Graduate School, Seoul, South Korea; Cardiovascular Centre, Korea University Guro Hospital, 148, Gurodong-ro, Guro-gu, Seoul, 08308 South Korea.
    Background: Long-term clinical outcome data according to severity of coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by an intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test are limited in series of Asian patients.

    Aim: To investigate 5-year clinical outcomes in patients with CAS according to CAS severity.

    Methods: In total, 5873 consecutive patients with insignificant coronary artery disease (<70% fixed stenosis) who underwent an acetylcholine provocation test were enrolled and divided into four groups according to CAS severity during the acetylcholine provocation test: negative, borderline positive, moderately positive and severely positive. Read More

    Immediate and midterm results of balloon angioplasty for recurrent aortic coarctation in children aged<1 year.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 10. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Paediatric cardiology, Gatien-de-Clocheville children's hospital, university hospital of Tours, 37044 Tours, France; François-Rabelais university, 37000 Tours, France.
    Background: Several publications have considered results of percutaneous angioplasty for aortic recoarctation, but none focused on procedures performed in children aged<1 year.

    Aims: To describe the immediate and midterm results of balloon angioplasty for recoarctation before the age of 1 year, and to define the factors that might influence outcome.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 20 consecutive children undergoing percutaneous dilatation for aortic recoarctation before the age of 1 year in the University Hospitals of Tours and Nantes. Read More

    Dosing issues with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for the treatment of non-valvular atrial fibrillation: Why we should not underdose our patients.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 2. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Department of cardiology, Henri Mondor hospital, AP-HP, Créteil, France.
    Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) - dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban - are well established in terms of preventing stroke or systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and high thromboembolism risk. When prescribed incorrectly, NOACs are associated with an increased risk of ischaemic events and bleeding. Current NOAC labels explicitly address dose adjustments according to age, body weight, renal function and concomitant treatment with P-glycoprotein inhibitors. Read More

    Predictors and prognostic impact of new left bundle branch block after surgical aortic valve replacement.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Faculté de médecine, université de Rennes 1, 35000 Rennes, France; LTSI Inserm U1099, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Background: Left bundle branch block (LBBB) induces mechanical dyssynchrony that may lead to left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

    Aims: To evaluate the incidence, predictors and clinical impact of new LBBB in patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR).

    Methods: After exclusion of patients with pre-existing LBBB, a previous pacemaker or a paced rhythm at hospital discharge, 547 consecutive patients undergoing SAVR were included. Read More

    Two-year clinical outcome after a single cryoballoon ablation procedure: A comparison of first- and second-generation cryoballoons.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 25;110(10):543-549. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Clinique Ambroise-Paré, 25-27 boulevard Victor-Hugo, 92200 Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.
    Background: The ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) by cryoballoon has increased dramatically in recent years. However, there are few data comparing first- and second-generation cryoballoons.

    Aim: To compare safety and mid-term (2-year) efficacy of first- and second-generation cryoballoons in PAF ablation, using cryoballoon size tailored to pulmonary vein anatomy. Read More

    Predictive value of very low frequency at spectral analysis among patients with unexplained syncope assessed by head-up tilt testing.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 25. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy.
    Background: The role of heart rate variability (HRV) in the prediction of vasovagal syncope during head-up tilt testing (HUTt) is unclear.

    Aim: To evaluate the ability of the spectral components of HRV at rest to predict vasovagal syncope among patients with unexplained syncope referred for HUTt.

    Methods: Twenty-six consecutive patients with unexplained syncope were enrolled in the study. Read More

    Influence of critical closing pressure on systemic vascular resistance and total arterial compliance: A clinical invasive study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 22. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Service de physiologie, hôpital de Bicêtre, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Sud, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France; Université Paris-Sud, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.
    Background: Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and total arterial compliance (TAC) modulate systemic arterial load, and their product is the time constant (Tau) of the Windkessel. Previous studies have assumed that aortic pressure decays towards a pressure asymptote (P∞) close to 0mmHg, as right atrial pressure is considered the outflow pressure. Using these assumptions, aortic Tau values of ∼1. Read More

    Changes over time in the prevalence and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors, and contributions to time trends in coronary mortality over 25 years in the Lille urban area (northern France).
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 22. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    INSERM U1167 RID-AGE, Pasteur Institute of Lille, Lille, France; Epidemiology Unit, Lille University Medical Centre, MRRC, 2, rue du Pr-Laguesse, 59037 Lille, France; Faculty of Medicine, Lille University, Lille, France. Electronic address:
    Background: The long-term collection of population-based data should improve our knowledge of the contribution of trend in cardiovascular risk factors to the steady fall in mortality associated with coronary heart disease in high-income countries.

    Aims: To assess long-term time trends in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, estimated coronary heart disease risk and mortality between 1986 and 2013 in the Lille urban area (northern France).

    Methods: We studied representative samples of inhabitants of the Lille urban area (aged 40-64 years) in 1986-1988 (n=860), 1995-1996 (n=1021), 2005-2007 (n=1021) and 2011-2013 (n=1636), together with data from the Lille MONICA registry. Read More

    Could anticoagulation avoid bioprosthesis subclinical thrombosis in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement?
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Service de cardiologie, CHU de Nantes-Nord Laennec, boulevard Professeur-Jacques-Monod, -44800 Saint-Herblain, France.
    Background: Despite a lack of clear evidence, current European guidelines recommend antiplatelet therapy after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Recent investigations suggest that bioprosthesis thrombosis after TAVR is not uncommon and may be prevented by anticoagulation, but not by antiplatelet therapy.

    Aims: The study objective was to assess the impact of the antithrombotic regimen on post-TAVR early haemodynamics. Read More

    Definition of indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions in hospitalized adults: Literature review and consensus (PACHA study).
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    CHU de Bordeaux, place Amélie Raba-Léon, 33000 Bordeaux, France; Centre Inserm U1219 Bordeaux Population Health, université de Bordeaux, ISPED, 33076 Bordeaux, France; Inserm, ISPED, centre Inserm U1219 Bordeaux Population Health, 33076 Bordeaux, France.
    Background: Indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions are lacking, despite the major contribution they could make to improve quality of care.

    Aim: To identify and select such indicators according to their utility and operational implementation.

    Methods: A literature review was conducted to identify indicators of the appropriateness of oral anticoagulant prescriptions according to the guidelines of health authorities and European learned societies. Read More

    Effectiveness of a patient education programme in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: Results from the ODIN cohort study using propensity score matching.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 21. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Cardiologie médicale, institut Lorrain-du-Cœur-et-des-Vaisseaux, CHRU de Nancy, Nancy, France.
    Background: Patient education programmes (PEP) are recommended for patients with heart failure but have not been specifically assessed in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

    Aim: To assess the effectiveness of a structured PEP in reducing all-cause mortality in patients with HFpEF.

    Methods: Patients with HFpEF were selected from the ODIN cohort, designed to assess PEP effectiveness in patients with HF whatever their ejection fraction, included from 2007 to 2010, and followed up until 2013. Read More

    Quality of life and patient satisfaction in patients with atrial fibrillation on stable vitamin K antagonist treatment or switched to a non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant during a 1-year follow-up: A PREFER in AF Registry substudy.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 20. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Background: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are being introduced for stroke prevention in non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation (AF), and promise to be accepted better than Vitamin K Antagonists (VKAs) by patients, improving their Quality of Life (QoL).

    Aim: To assess to what extent patient-related factors influence decisions to switch from a VKA to a NOAC.

    Methods: The PREFER in AF Registry collected data at baseline in 2012 - at the beginning of NOAC prescriptions - and at 1-year follow-up, in 6412 patients in seven Western European countries. Read More

    Prognostic impact of prepercutaneous coronary intervention TIMI flow in patients with ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Results from the FAST-MI 2010 registry.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 19. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of cardiology, université Paris-Descartes, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2 or 3 before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with improved outcomes. However, no recent data are available on its impact beyond 1 year and/or by type of AMI.

    Aims: To assess the prognostic impact of prePCI TIMI flow at 30 days and 3 years in patients with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation (NSTEMI) AMI. Read More

    A comparison between multipolar mapping and conventional mapping of atrial tachycardias in the context of atrial fibrillation ablation.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 15. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Cardiology, Princess Grace Hospital, Pasteur Avenue, Monaco.
    Background: Activation mapping can be challenging and time-consuming in patients with multiple atrial tachycardias (ATs).

    Aims: To compare multielectrode mapping using a dedicated mapping catheter - PentaRay (Biosense Webster Inc.) - and the conventional technique for mapping ATs in the context of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Read More

    Layer-specific deformation of the left ventricle in uncomplicated patients with type 2 diabetes and arterial hypertension.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Sep 15. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital "Dr Dragisa Misovic-Dedinje", Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Background: Detailed analysis of layer-specific mechanical changes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) might improve insight into left ventricular (LV) remodelling and diabetic cardiomyopathy.

    Aim: We sought to investigate layer-specific LV deformation in patients with DM, with and without hypertension.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 146 subjects (44 controls; 48 patients with DM; 54 patients with DM and hypertension) who underwent complete examination by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), including multilayer strain analysis. Read More

    Hypoxia and heart regeneration: A new paradoxical approach for cardioprotection.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 13;110(10):503-507. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Physiopathologie et épidémiologie cérébro-cardiovasculaires (EA7460), faculté des sciences de santé (médecine pharmacie), Dijon, université de Bourgogne, 7, boulevard Jeanne-d'Arc, BP 87900, 21079 Dijon cedex, France; Service de cardiologie, CHU François-Mitterrand, Dijon, France.

    Follow-up of children or teenagers with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, but without pre-excitation syndrome.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 24;110(11):599-606. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Adult and Paediatric Cardiology, CHU de Brabois, 42 bis, rue du Colonel-Driant, 54220 Malzéville, France.
    Background: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is considered benign in children if the electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm is normal, but causes anxiety in parents, children and doctors.

    Aims: To report on the clinical and electrophysiological data from children with SVT, their follow-up and management.

    Methods: Overall, 188 children/teenagers (mean age 15±2. Read More

    Cardiovascular effects of air pollution.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 21;110(11):634-642. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Cardiology Department, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, VUB, 1090 Jette, Belgium.
    Air pollution is composed of particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone. PM is classified according to size into coarse particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) and ultrafine particles. Read More

    Coronary artery calcification: From crystal to plaque rupture.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 20;110(10):550-561. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Department of Cardiology, Toulouse-Rangueil University Hospital, Toulouse University School of Medicine, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France. Electronic address:
    Epidemiological studies using coronary artery calcification measurement have linked calcification strongly with coronary events and mortality. Formerly considered as a passive age-related phenomenon, coronary artery calcification is now recognized as an active and regulated process. In fact, there is a local influence linked to the inflammation generated by the presence of oxidized lipids and, equally, a general influence from mineral metabolism factors, such as inorganic phosphate, calcium, pyrophosphate or fibroblast growth factor 23, which are regulators of cell differentiation and of phosphate and calcium deposition on the vascular layers. Read More

    Three-dimensional interlead distance predicts response and outcomes after cardiac resynchronization therapy.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 19;110(11):590-598. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Cardiology Department, François Rabelais University, Tours, France.
    Background: Approximately one-third of patients do not respond favourably to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A longer distance between ventricular leads may improve response.

    Aim: To study the impact of the true three-dimensional interlead distance (ILD) on outcomes. Read More

    Right ventricular strain in heart failure: Clinical perspective.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 29;110(10):562-571. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of cardiology, Charité-university-medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Deutsches Zentrum für Herz-Kreislauf-Forschung (DZHK), Standort Berlin/Charité, Berlin, Germany; Department of cardiology, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin (DHZB), Berlin, Germany.
    The number of studies demonstrating the importance of right ventricular remodelling in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases has increased in the past two decades. Speckle-tracking imaging provides new variables that give comprehensive information about right ventricular function and mechanics. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of right ventricular mechanics in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction. Read More

    Incidence, indications and predicting factors of permanent pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A retrospective study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 21;110(10):508-516. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Département de cardiologie, CHU de Nancy, 54511 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France; Université de Lorraine, 54000 Nancy, France. Electronic address:
    Background: As the number of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures is constantly increasing, it is important to consider common complications, such as pacemaker (PM) implantation, and their specific risk factors.

    Aims: Echocardiographic, computed tomography and electrocardiographic data were analysed to determine the predicting factors, if any, associated with PM implantation.

    Methods: This retrospective study included patients referred to Nancy University Hospital for a TAVI procedure from January 2013 to December 2015. Read More

    French Registry on Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction 2015 (FAST-MI 2015). Design and baseline data.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun - Jul;110(6-7):366-378. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Cardiology, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Background: The FAST-MI programme, consisting of 1-month surveys of patients admitted to hospital for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in France, has run since 2005.

    Aim: To gather data on the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients hospitalized for AMI at the end of 2015 in France and to provide comparisons with the previous surveys.

    Methods: Consecutive adults with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with symptom onset≤48hours were included over a 1-month period, with a possible extension of recruitment for 1 additional month. Read More

    Position paper for the evaluation and management of oral status in patients with valvular disease: Groupe de Travail Valvulopathies de la Société Française de Cardiologie, Société Française de Chirurgie Orale, Société Française de Parodontologie et d'Implantologie Orale, Société Française d'Endodontie et Société de Pathologie Infectieuse de Langue Française.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):482-494. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of cardiology, Bichat hospital, AP-HP, DHU FIRE, Paris-Diderot university, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Read More

    Is bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting a safe option for chronic dialysis patients?
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Jun 16. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Cardiovascular department, Ospedali Riuniti and university of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
    Background: The use of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting has been proposed for dialysis patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, primarily because of hypothetical long-term survival benefits.

    Aims: To investigate the outcome of BITA grafting in dialysis patients.

    Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of the use of BITA grafting in 105 consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure on chronic dialysis in three European centres with extensive experience in BITA. Read More

    Impact of platelet inhibition level on subsequent no-reflow in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 2;110(11):626-633. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Department of cardiology, Mustapha Hospital university, 1, place du 1(er)-Mai, 16001 Algiers, Algeria; Cardiology Oncology Research Collaborative Group (CORCG), University of Medicine of Algiers Benyoucef Benkhedda, Algiers, Algeria.
    Background: High P2Y12 platelet reactivity (PR) level after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) affects prognosis and may induce the no-reflow phenomenon.

    Aim: To investigate the role of PR in the genesis of microvascular obstruction.

    Methods: Patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI within 12hours of symptoms onset were included prospectively. Read More

    Clinical features and prognosis of infective endocarditis in children: Insights from a Tunisian multicentre registry.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 31. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Cardiology B Department, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, avenue 1(er)-Juin, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia; University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.
    Background: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare condition in the paediatric setting. No data on the epidemiology and prognosis of IE in children are available from North African countries.

    Aim: To investigate the epidemiological profile and prognosis of IE in children in Tunisia. Read More

    Performance of new automated transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiographic software for left ventricular volumes and function assessment in routine clinical practice: Comparison with 3 Tesla cardiac magnetic resonance.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Nov 26;110(11):580-589. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Centre cardiothoracique de Monaco, 11 bis, avenue d'Ostende, 98000 Monaco, France.
    Background: Three-dimensional (3D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is superior to two-dimensional Simpson's method for assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Nevertheless, 3D TTE is not incorporated into everyday practice, as current LV chamber quantification software products are time-consuming.

    Aims: To evaluate the feasibility, accuracy and reproducibility of new fully automated fast 3D TTE software (HeartModel(A. Read More

    Determinants of left atrial volume index in patients with aortic stenosis: A multicentre pilot study.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Oct 26;110(10):525-533. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Cardiology department, university hospital of Amiens, avenue René-Laënnec, 80054 Amiens cedex 1, France; Inserm U-1088, Jules Verne university of Picardie, 80054 Amiens, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Left atrial (LA) enlargement is frequent in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), yet its determinants and prognostic implications are poorly understood.

    Aims: To identify the echocardiographic variables associated with increased LA volume index (LAVI), and test the prognostic value of LAVI in AS.

    Methods: We prospectively included 715 patients with AS in sinus rhythm at enrolment. Read More

    Ebstein's anomaly in adults: Modified cone reconstruction of the tricuspid valve is associated with promising outcomes.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May 26;110(5):325-333. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Marie-Lannelongue Hospital, Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease, 92330 Le Plessis Robinson, France.
    Background: Ebstein's anomaly is a complex malformation. Justification of a procedure in mildly symptomatic adults is debatable: repair techniques are demanding and valve replacement is associated with poorer outcome.

    Objectives: We report our initial experience with the cone procedure versus medical follow-up. Read More

    Cardiac sarcoidosis: Diagnosis, therapeutic management and prognostic factors.
    Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2017 Aug - Sep;110(8-9):456-465. Epub 2017 May 26.
    UMR 7211, Inflammation-Immunopathology-Biotherapy Department, Département de Médecine Interne et d'Immunologie Clinique, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris, CHU Pitié-Salpétrière, 75005 Paris, France.
    Background: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a severe localization, observed mostly in cardiology departments. Despite appropriate cardiological treatment, CS is a potentially life-threatening condition, and accounts for 13-85% of sarcoidosis-related deaths.

    Aims: This retrospective study aimed to give an overview of CS in a non-cardiac unit, to analyse the effect of first-line immunosuppressive treatment on outcome and survival and to evaluate factors associated with relapses. Read More

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