13,702 results match your criteria Archives of Budo[Journal]


Nursing the Patient With an Artificial Pacemaker.

Authors:
Betsy Todd

Am J Nurs 2022 Jun;122(6):50-52

Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. Read More

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Mercury Isotope Variations in Lake Sediment Cores in Response to Direct Mercury Emissions from Non-Ferrous Metal Smelters and Legacy Mercury Remobilization.

Environ Sci Technol 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Aquatic Contaminants Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Burlington, Ontario L7R 4A6, Canada.

Nature archives record atmospheric mercury (Hg) depositions from directly emitted Hg and re-emitted legacy Hg. Tracing the legacy versus newly deposited Hg is still, however, challenging. Here, we measured Hg isotope compositions in three dated sediment cores at different distances from the Flin Flon smelter, the largest Canadian Hg sources to the atmosphere during the 1930s-2000s. Read More

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Existing Data Sources for Clinical Epidemiology: Database of the National Hospital Organization in Japan.

Clin Epidemiol 2022 19;14:689-698. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Clinical Data Management and Research, Clinical Research Center, National Hospital Organization Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan.

This review introduces the National Hospital Organization (NHO) database in Japan. The NHO has maintained two databases through a system of data collection from 140 hospitals in the NHO. National Hospital Organization Clinical Data Archives (NCDA) is collecting clinical information in real time from the electronic medical records since January 2016, and Medical Information Analysis (MIA) databank is collecting daily insurance claims data since April 2010. Read More

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How far have we come? A historic scoping review of dental traumatology literature.

Dent Traumatol 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The University of Texas, Health Sciences Centre, Houston, Texas, USA.

The status of the protocols used for the management of dental trauma (DT) in the eighteenth and early nineteenth-century is largely unknown. The end of World War II saw a tremendous resurgence of high quality research and the development of codes of ethics and publishing. The aim of this scoping review was to analyse articles related to aspects of DT published before 1945 in the English language. Read More

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[Physique of children and adolescents in Northern Iceland then and now].

Laeknabladid 2022 Jun;108(6):279-286

Research Centre of Movement Science, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Gaski Physiotherapy, Reykjavik.

Introduction: In the first half of the 20th century, Icelandic doctors and teachers began documenting the health of school children, believing that physical measurements were important to monitoring physical development. The measurements could also be used for comparison in other areas and for reasearch. At the Reginonal Archives of Skagafjordur, rare data about the physique of children in Saudarkrokur in 1912-1953, measured by Jon Th. Read More

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Archival traditions in Latin America.

Arch Sci (Dordr) 2022 May 19:1-18. Epub 2022 May 19.

Escuela Interamericana de Bibliotecología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín (Antioquia), Colombia.

This paper surveys archival traditions coexisting in Latin America and identifies key moments in the region's development of archives and archival practices. First, different record-keeping practices in pre-Hispanic communities are identified. Second, an Iberian conception of the archive is described in the case of colonial archival practices between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. Read More

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The influence of visitor-based social contextual information on visitors' museum experience.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(5):e0266856. Epub 2022 May 24.

Graduate School of Culture Technology, KAIST, Daejeon, The Republic of Korea.

Visitor-centered approaches have been widely discussed in the museum experience research field. One notable approach was suggested by Falk and Dierking, who defined museum visitor experience as having a physical, personal, and social context. Many studies have been conducted based on this approach, yet the interactions between personal and social contexts have not been fully researched. Read More

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Plant community data collected by Robert H. Whittaker in the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and California, USA.

Ecology 2022 May 24:e3764. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Environmental Science and Policy, U. C. Davis, Davis, California, USA.

In 1949-1951, ecologist Robert H. Whittaker sampled plant community composition at 470 sites in the Siskiyou Mountains (Oregon and California; also known as Klamath or Klamath-Siskiyou Mountains). His primary goal was to develop methods to quantify plant community variation across environmental gradients, following on his seminal work challenging communities as discrete entities. Read More

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Intelligent Classification Method of Archive Data Based on Multigranular Semantics.

Authors:
Xiaobo Jiang

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 14;2022:7559523. Epub 2022 May 14.

Jilin University of Architecture and Technology, Changchun, Jilin 130114, China.

With the rapid development of information technology, the amount of data in various digital archives has exploded. How to reasonably mine and analyze archive data and improve the effect of intelligent management of newly included archives has become an urgent problem to be solved. The existing archival data classification method is manual classification oriented to management needs. Read More

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Erratum to "Multiple Sclerosis-associated Bacterial Ligand 654" [Archives of Medical Research 53/2(February 2022) 157-162/ARCMED_2021_2713].

Arch Med Res 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Medical Education, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

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Forensic pathological characteristics of explosion trauma in confined space terrorist mass fatalities classified with a 3-dimensional model.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2022 May 18;58:102090. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Sechenov Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Background: Explosion fatalities are the severest type of violent crimes. These involve the use of explosive devices in terrorist like activities in confined spaces in civilian or military settings, with mass number of people present all around. A stark dearth of literature for the forensic interpretation of such catastrophes is astonishing. Read More

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Social movement organizing and the politics of emotion from HIV to Covid-19.

Authors:
Sonja Mackenzie

Sociol Compass 2022 May 3;16(5):e12979. Epub 2022 Apr 3.

Public Health Program Santa Clara University Santa Clara California USA.

The Covid-19 pandemic has seen the rapid growth of collective organizing on the part of patient groups to address scientific and health inequities. This paper considers the emergence of Covid-19 activism as an embodied health movement that draws on and contributes to broader movements for racial, economic and gender justice. Recognizing the central role of emotion in social movements and in the bio-politics of Covid-19, I examine the key presence of the affective domain in social change through three Covid-19 social movement groups. Read More

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Migration, Schizophrenia, and Crime: A Study From a Forensic Psychiatric Sample.

Front Psychiatry 2022 6;13:869978. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Forensic Psychiatry, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.

Background: The association between mental health problems and crime in immigrants has attracted recent academic interest, with results suggesting that there were possible interactions between immigration, schizophrenia, and criminal behavior. However, very few studies have examined these interactions, especially in developing countries that have mass internal immigration. Therefore, this study sought to identify the associations between the sociodemographic, clinical, and criminal factors in migrants and non-migrants with schizophrenia who had been involved in criminal activities in China. Read More

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Dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge to regulate lake nutrient state and algal blooms.

Water Res 2022 May 16;219:118620. Epub 2022 May 16.

The University of Hong Kong, Zhejiang Institution of Research and Innovation (ZIRI), Hangzhou, China; The University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen Institution of Research and Innovation (SIRI), Shenzhen, China.

As global threats to freshwater lakes, eutrophication and harmful algal blooms (HABs) are governed by various biogeochemical, climatological and anthropogenic processes. Groundwater is key to join these processes in regulating HABs, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we leveraged basin-wide field data of Lake Taihu (China's largest eutrophic lake) and global archives, and demonstrate the dominance of evaporation on lacustrine groundwater discharge (LGD) in shallow lakes. Read More

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Slow-growing reef corals as climate archives: A case study of the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum 40 Ma ago.

Sci Adv 2022 May 20;8(20):eabm3875. Epub 2022 May 20.

Institute for Geophysics and Geology, University of Leipzig, Talstrasse 35, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

The skeletons of stony corals on tropical shallow-water reefs are high-resolution climate archives. However, their systematic use for unlocking climate dynamics of the geologic past is limited by the susceptibility of the porous aragonite skeleton to diagenetic alterations. Here, we present oxygen and carbon isotope time series (monthly resolution) from reef corals with an unusual unaltered preservation from the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO) "hyperthermal" (40 million years ago). Read More

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Cytologic features of micropapillary variant urothelial carcinoma in urinary tract cytology: Case series and review of literature.

Diagn Cytopathol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: The micropapillary variant of urothelial carcinoma (MPVUC) is rare and aggressive. Surgical specimens often show atypical micro-clusters (AMCs) of cells with hyperchromatic, pyknotic, peripheral, irregular nuclei with variable nuclear to cytoplasmic ratios. We reviewed urinary tract cytology (UTC) from patients with MPVUC and hypothesized that AMCs would be present similar to those in surgical specimens. Read More

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Reduced Heart Failure and Mortality in Patients Receiving Statin Therapy Before Initial Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 May;79(20):2021-2033

Department of Experimental, Diagnostic, and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: There is uncertainty regarding the impact of statins on the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and its major complication, acute heart failure (AHF).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether previous statin therapy translates into lower AHF events and improved survival from AHF among patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as a first manifestation of ASCVD.

Methods: Data were drawn from the International Survey of Acute Coronary Syndromes Archives. Read More

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eHealth generated patient data in an outpatient setting after stem cell transplantation: a scoping review.

Transplant Cell Ther 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Hematology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Public Health and Primary Care, ACCENT VV, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) has the potential to cure malignant and nonmalignant diseases but remains associated with a wide range of complications, necessitating dedicated lifelong follow-up. While patients are monitored closely during the peri-HCT period, leaving the hospital setting after HCT introduces new challenges. This scoping review explores the current use of patient-generated eHealth data in the outpatient setting. Read More

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Red Foxes in the Filing Cabinet: Günter Tembrock's Image Collection and Media Use in Mid-Century Ethology.

Authors:
Sophia Gräfe

Ber Wiss 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Philipps-University Marburg, Department of Media Studies.

This paper considers the epistemic career of visual media in ethology in the mid-20th century. Above all, ethologists claimed close contact with research animals and drew scientific evidence from these human-animal communities, particularly in public relations. However, if we look into the toolboxes of comparative behavioral biologists, it becomes evident that scientifically valid research results were primarily obtained by experimenting with model images. Read More

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Three-Dimensional Super-Resolved Imaging of Paraffin-Embedded Kidney Samples.

Kidney360 2022 Mar 1;3(3):446-454. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department II of Internal Medicine and Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Diseases of the glomeruli, the renal filtration units, are a leading cause of progressive kidney disease. Assessment of the ultrastructure of podocytes at the glomerular filtration barrier is essential for diagnosing diverse disease entities, providing insight into the disease pathogenesis, and monitoring treatment responses.

Methods: Here we apply previously published sample preparation methods together with stimulated emission depletion and confocal microscopy for resolving nanoscale podocyte substructure. Read More

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Space, Social Perception, and Mental Disorders: Phenomenological and Empirical Approaches.

Psychopathology 2022 May 17:1-3. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

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Assessing the asymmetric impact of physical infrastructure and trade openness on ecological footprint: An empirical evidence from Pakistan.

PLoS One 2022 17;17(5):e0262782. Epub 2022 May 17.

Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.

This study analyzed the asymmetric impact of the physical infrastructure and trade openness on Pakistan's ecological footprint over the period 1970-2019 using the non-linear autoregressive distributed lag model. The study results posit that positive and negative shocks to physical infrastructure increase and decrease the ecological footprint asymmetrically in the short-run and symmetrically in the long-run. Likewise, the positive and negative shocks to trade openness increase and decrease the ecological footprint asymmetrically, both in the short and in the long run. Read More

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AI-based Prevention Embedded System Against COVID-19 in Daily Life.

Procedia Comput Sci 2022 10;202:152-157. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan.

Since the prevalence of COVID-19, the virus has spread all over the world. A large number of people have been infected and died, and countries all over the world have experienced the most severe crisis. Vaccination can effectively resist the virus. Read More

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Research Trends in Individuals at High Risk for Psychosis: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2022 29;13:853296. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

The study of clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-P) has progressed rapidly over the last decades and has developed into a significant branch of schizophrenia research. Organizing the information about this rapidly growing subject through bibliometric analysis enables us to gain a better understanding of current research trends and future directions to be pursued. Electronic searches from January 1991 to December 2020 yielded 5,601 studies, and included 1,637 original articles. Read More

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Risk of Malignancy in Breast FNAB Categories, Classified According to the Newly Proposed International Academy of Cytology (IAC) Yokohama System.

Cancer Manag Res 2022 7;14:1693-1701. Epub 2022 May 7.

Clinical and Biomedical Research Center, Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: A new category system comprising five classes (C1-insufficient material, C2-benign, C3-atypical, C4-suspicious, and C5-malignant) has been proposed by the International Academy of Cytology (IAC) for fine needle aspiration biopsy cytology (FNAB) for proper diagnosis of breast cancer.

Aims And Objectives: This study is designed to categorize institutional FNAB data according to the new system and calculation of the absolute risk of malignancy (ROM), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, false negative and false-positive rate.

Study Design: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study involving 2133 cases collected between June, 2008 and August, 2019, at Foundation University Medical College's Department of Histopathology and the Surgery and Oncology Department at the Fauji Foundation Hospital. Read More

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"Humans and records are entangled": empathic engagement and emotional response in archivists.

Arch Sci (Dordr) 2022 May 9:1-21. Epub 2022 May 9.

Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

There is growing awareness in archival communities that working with records that contain evidence of human pain and suffering can result in unsettling emotions for archivists. One important finding of this work, however, is the considerable variability in not only the nature of responses, but also the nature of records that provoke emotional responses. Using in-depth qualitative interviews with 20 archivists from across Canada and one from the United States, and employing grounded theory methodology, this study sought to better understand the nature of emotional responses and factors associated with distress. Read More

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Risk factors associated with physical therapist burnout: a systematic review.

Physiotherapy 2022 Feb 5;116:9-24. Epub 2022 Feb 5.

Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Studies consistently suggest that work as a physical therapist is associated with burnout, yet no review of the contributing factors has been conducted.

Objective: To identify and examine the risk factors associated with physical therapist burnout.

Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to May 2020. Read More

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February 2022

Modern aridity in the Altai-Sayan mountain range derived from multiple millennial proxies.

Sci Rep 2022 May 11;12(1):7752. Epub 2022 May 11.

Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Zürcherstrasse 111, 8903, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.

Temperature and precipitation changes are crucial for larch trees growing at high-elevation sites covered by permafrost in the Altai-Sayan mountain range (ASMR). To contextualize the amplitude of recent climate fluctuations, we have to look into the past by analyzing millennial paleoclimatic archives recording both temperature and precipitation. We developed annually resolved 1500-year tree-ring cellulose chronologies (δC, δO), and used these new records to reconstruct the variability in local summer precipitation and air temperature. Read More

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On the foundations of fluorescence: The work of Robert W. Cowgill.

Authors:
Manuel Prieto

Arch Biochem Biophys 2022 May 10:109270. Epub 2022 May 10.

IBB-Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Associate Laboratory I4HB-Institute for Health and Bioeconomy, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address:

This note on the work of Robert W. Cowgill in 1963 (Archives Biochemistry and Biophysics 100, 36-44), addressing the effect of substituents in indole and phenol compounds as models for tryptophan and tyrosine, intends to frame it within the foundations of protein fluorescence and its applications, considering its relevance and impact. Read More

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Quantification and distribution of mast cells in oral periapical inflammatory lesions.

J Conserv Dent 2021 Nov-Dec;24(6):580-584. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Hazaribagh College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India.

Background: Periapical granuloma and periapical cysts develop as a sequela of inflammation of dental pulp, usually a consequence of an infected root canal. Mast cells (MCs) have most frequently been implicated in the pathophysiology of periapical lesions such as periapical granulomas and cysts.

Aims: The present study was undertaken to emphasize the presence and quantification of MCs in periapical lesions (granulomas and cysts) using toluidine blue stain, with an aim to elucidate their role in the pathogenesis of these lesions. Read More

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