11,187 results match your criteria Archives de PA©diatrie[Journal]


Sharing individual participant data from clinical studies: a cross-sectional online survey among Italian patient and citizen groups.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024863. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Center for Regulatory Policies, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To gather knowledge on the current debate, opinions and attitudes of Italian patient and citizen groups on individual participant data (IPD) sharing from clinical studies.

Design: Cross-sectional online survey.

Setting And Participants: A 22-item online questionnaire was sent by email to 2003 contacts of patient and citizen groups in Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024863DOI Listing
February 2019

Femur associated with the Deep Skull from the West Mouth of the Niah Caves (Sarawak, Malaysia).

J Hum Evol 2019 Feb 28;127:133-148. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Sarawak Museum Department, Jalan Barak, Kuching, Sarawak, 93000, Malaysia.

The skeletal remains of Pleistocene anatomically modern humans are rare in island Southeast Asia. Moreover, continuing doubts over the dating of most of these finds has left the arrival time for the region's earliest inhabitants an open question. The unique biogeography of island Southeast Asia also raises questions about the physical and cultural adaptations of early anatomically modern humans, especially within the setting of rainforest inhabitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

A tribute to Dr. Saul Hertz: The discovery of the medical uses of radioiodine.

Authors:
Barbara Hertz

World J Nucl Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):8-12

Curator, Dr. Saul Hertz Archives and Saul Hertz MD.com.

Dr. Saul Hertz was Director of The Massachusetts General Hospital's Thyroid Unit, when he heard about the development of artificial radioactivity. He conceived and brought from bench to bedside the successful use of radioiodine (RAI) to diagnose and treat thyroid diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_107_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357704PMC
February 2019

Factors associated with readmission and mortality in adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Clinical Microbiology Department, Son Llàtzer Hospital, Balearic Islands, Spain.

Background: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common cause of consultation, and complicated cases require hospitalization. We describe factors that are related to readmission and/or mortality of hospitalized patients diagnosed with SSTIs.

Methods: Retrospective review of hospital-admitted patients with a diagnosis of cellulitis, abscess, hidradenitis, fasciitis, and Fournier's gangrene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14390DOI Listing
February 2019
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ABC Cardiol Journal.

Eur Heart J 2019 Feb;40(7):573-574

Editor-in-Chief Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - ABC Cardiol, Brazilian Archives for Cardiology - ABC Cardiol.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy898DOI Listing
February 2019
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Citation analysis of the most influential articles on traumatic spinal cord injury.

J Spinal Cord Med 2019 Feb 14:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , University of Pittsburgh Medical Center , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Objective: We conducted a citation analysis in order to catalog and pay tribute to the 100 most influential clinical research articles in traumatic spinal cord injury.

Design: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science was searched in a two-step process without time period limitations. Review articles were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2019.1576426DOI Listing
February 2019
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Cytomorphological spectrum of scalp lesions in the population of a developing country: A retrospective study.

Diagn Cytopathol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India.

Background: Scalp lesions are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can characterize most of these lesions; however, there is little published work on cytology of scalp lesions.

Methods: Records of all the patients subjected to FNAC from January 2011 to August 2016 were retrieved from the archives of the Cytopathology section of our Institute. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.24156DOI Listing
February 2019
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Genome characterization, prevalence and transmission mode of a novel picornavirus associated with the Threespine Stickleback fish ().

J Virol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook NY, USA

The complete genome sequence of an RNA virus was assembled from RNA sequencing of virus particles purified from threespine stickleback intestine tissue samples. This new virus is most closely related to the Eel Picornavirus and can be assigned to the genus in the family Its unique genetic properties are enough to establish a new species, dubbed the Threespine Stickleback Picornavirus (TSPV). Due to their broad geographic distribution throughout the northern hemisphere and parallel adaptation to freshwater, threespine sticklebacks have become a model in evolutionary ecology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02277-18DOI Listing
February 2019
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'Secret Lists and Sanctions': The Blacklisting of the John Lewis Partnership and the Politics of Pay in 1970s Britain.

Authors:
Alix R Green

20 Century Br Hist 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Essex, UK.

In 1977, the John Lewis Partnership (JLP) was blacklisted for breaching the Labour government's pay controls under the Social Contract. As the Callaghan administration struggled to establish economic credibility, extending its reach into the private sector emerged as a political priority. JLP became a test case of government resolve months before the Ford strike of autumn 1978 that ushered in the Winter of Discontent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwy056DOI Listing
February 2019
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Palaeogenomics of the Hydrocarbon Producing Microalga Botryococcus braunii.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 11;9(1):1776. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Biosciences, College of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK.

Botryococcus braunii is a colonial microalga that appears early in the fossil record and is a sensitive proxy of environmental and hydroclimatic conditions. Palaeozoic Botryococcus fossils which contribute up to 90% of oil shales and approximately 1% of crude oil, co-localise with diagnostic geolipids from the degradation of source-signature hydrocarbons. However more recent Holocene sediments demonstrate no such association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38236-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370823PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Helicopter MEDEVAC in the Korean War: Did it Matter?

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Surgery, DUMC 3443, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710.

Background: Due to M*A*S*H and other popular portrayals, helicopter evacuation of casualties has been closely linked to the Korean War. We sought to investigate their role in military medicine during this conflict.

Materials And Methods: This study incorporated a thorough review of the original source documents dating to the Korean War that are housed in the National Archives, the Military History Institute, and other repositories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002218DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Epilepsy surgery in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review.

Epilepsy Behav 2019 Feb 6;92:311-326. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, UK; Chalfont Centre for Epilepsy, Chalfont St Peter SL9 0RJ, UK; Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland (SEIN), Achterweg 5, 2103 SW Heemstede, Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Epilepsy surgery is an important treatment option for people with drug-resistant epilepsy. Surgical procedures for epilepsy are underutilized worldwide, but it is far worse in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), and it is less clear as to what extent people with drug-resistant epilepsy receive such treatment at all. Here, we review the existing evidence for the availability and outcome of epilepsy surgery in LMIC and discuss some challenges and priority. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15255050183095
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Plamacytoid dendritic cells in granulomatous variant of mycosis fungoides.

J Cutan Pathol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Los Angeles Medical Center (LAMC), Southern California Kaiser Permanente, Department of Dermatology, Los Angeles, California,, USA.

Introduction: Granulomatous mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare variant in which granulomas are associated with other typical signs of MF. Its prognosis is worse than that of classical MF. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) are a subset of Interferon (IFN) producing dendritic cells that link the innate and the adaptative immune responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cup.13438DOI Listing
February 2019
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Computer-Aided Facial Reconstruction of "Mary-Magdalene" Relics Following Hair and Skull Analyses.

Clin Med Insights Ear Nose Throat 2019 14;12:1179550618821933. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

UVSQ (DANTE Laboratory EA 4498), UFR of Health Sciences, Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, France.

The supposed relics of "Mary-Magdalene" are preserved in Provence (France) in an ancient tradition. They consist of a dry skull and a lock of hair. For the first time, they were officially subjected to an extensive medico-surgical examination by photogrammetry, high-magnification binocular lenses, scanning electron microscope, and energy-dispersive X-ray elemental analysis, to propose a full computer-aided facial reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179550618821933DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343449PMC
January 2019

Three ancient documents solve the jigsaw of the parchment purple spot deterioration and validate the microbial succession model.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 7;9(1):1623. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Biology, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy.

The preservation of cultural heritage is one of the major challenges of today's society. Parchments, a semi-solid matrix of collagen produced from animal skin, are a significant part of the cultural heritage, being used as writing material since ancient times. Due to their animal origin, parchments easily undergo biodeterioration: the most common biological damage is characterized by isolated or coalescent purple spots, that often lead to the detachment of the superficial layer and the consequent loss of written content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37651-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367363PMC
February 2019

Tibetan Buddhist monastic debate: Psychological and neuroscientific analysis of a reasoning-based analytical meditation practice.

Prog Brain Res 2019 3;244:233-253. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH, United States.

Analytical meditation and monastic debate are contemplative practices engaged in by Tibetan Buddhist monastics that have up to now been largely unexplored in Western contemplative science. The highly physical form of contemplative debating plays an important role in the monastic curriculum. Based on discussions and recorded interviews Tibetan monastic teachers and senior students at Sera Jey Monastic University and preliminary experiments, we outline an initial theory that elucidates the psychological mechanisms underlying this practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2018.10.018DOI Listing
January 2019

Cold Case Homicides: DNA Testing of Retained Autopsy Sexual Assault Smears.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, 11 Shuttle Road, Farmington, CT, 06032.

Archival medical examiner specimens may contain perpetrator DNA evidence useful in unsolved ("cold case") homicides. The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) histology slide archives were searched for sexual assault smears for all 376 female homicides from 1990 to 1999. Of these, the OCME had sexual assault smears on 84 of which 13 slides had sperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14023DOI Listing
February 2019
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Effect of terlipressin infusion therapy on recipient's hepatic and renal functions in living donor liver transplantations: Experience from a tertiary hospital.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Feb;22(2):265-269

Department of General Surgery - Organ Transplantation Center, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Patients with end-stage liver disease are prone to hemodynamic disturbances which may be aggravated with liver transplantation. Blood pooling in splanchnic area and portal hypertension cause reduction in central blood volume. Terlipressin reduces mesenteric and hepatic blood flow, causing vasoconstriction in the smooth muscles of the arteries in the splanchnic region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_268_17DOI Listing
February 2019
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Multimodality Imaging of Congenital Variants in the Gallbladder: Pictorial Essay.

Ultrasound Q 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.

Congenital variants of the gallbladder development are infrequent and sometimes represent an asymptomatic imaging finding. In this case series, we want to present multimodality imaging findings that permit the diagnosis. Ultrasound, multidetector computed tomography, and magnetic resonance images are included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000423DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Letter to the editor: Selection bias not discussed concerning the article "PTSD of rape after IS (Islamic State) captivity" by J. I. Kizilhan, published in: Archives of Women's Mental Health 2018 Oct; 21(5):517-524. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-018-0824-3. Epub 2018 Mar 10.

Authors:
Pia Jäger

Arch Womens Ment Health 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Social Policy and Social Economy Section, Faculty of Social Science, Ruhr-University Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801, Bochum, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00737-019-0946-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Ultrafast search of all deposited bacterial and viral genomic data.

Nat Biotechnol 2019 Feb 4;37(2):152-159. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Exponentially increasing amounts of unprocessed bacterial and viral genomic sequence data are stored in the global archives. The ability to query these data for sequence search terms would facilitate both basic research and applications such as real-time genomic epidemiology and surveillance. However, this is not possible with current methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41587-018-0010-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Canine ocular and periocular snakebites requiring enucleation: A report of 19 cases.

Vet Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pathological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.

Purpose: To describe the clinical and histopathologic features secondary to ocular and periocular snakebites in dogs requiring enucleation.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients with recorded snakebite envenomation from the archives of the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW) and Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (1997-2017). The cases included in this study required witnessed snakebites to the dog by the owner, clinical signs supportive of periocular or ocular envenomation, and/or histopathologic lesions compatible with snakebites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12638DOI Listing
February 2019
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The largest undertaking of translating Piaget into Chinese.

Authors:
Yeh Hsueh

Hist Psychol 2019 Feb;22(1):110

University of Memphis.

As scholars across the world commemorate the 40th anniversary of Piaget's death, in 2020, a 10-volume Collected Works of Jean Piaget will begin to appear in China's bookstores. This translation was edited by Qiwei Li, a prominent psychologist at East China Normal University in Shanghai and an International Associate of Fondation Archives Jean Piaget in Geneva. Li oversees a team of 53 Chinese scholars who are completing the most comprehensive Chinese translation of Piaget's works to date, a project that is financially supported by China's State Publishing Foundation and that will be published by Henan University Press. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hop0000122_cDOI Listing
February 2019
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Archives, Thresholds, Discontinuities: Blumenberg and Foucault on Historical Substantialism and the Phenomenology of History.

J Hist Ideas 2019 ;80(1):133-146

Blumenberg's The Legitimacy of the Modern Age was published in the same year as Foucault's The Order of Things (1966). Both books attempt to grasp certain not altogether self-evident changes in the Western history of knowledge and attempt new methods of considering these discontinuities and the so-called "thresholds" between epochs. Beyond such general points of shared interest, one must ask if Blumenberg and Foucault share other intellectual features, for they both developed strong philosophical critiques of Husserlian and Heideggerian approaches to history, critiques that arose from their shared hostility to a kind of "historicism," alongside their refusal of any "substance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/jhi.2019.0007DOI Listing
January 2019

Prevalence and Reasons for Extraction of Endodontically Treated Teeth in Adult Nigerians.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Dec 1;19(12):1469-1473. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Showa University Dental Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Aim: Teeth extraction is an important problem in elder patients. Although some of these teeth have been endodontically treated, many of them may be subjected to extraction. The reasons for extraction are important for prevention planning in further patients. Read More

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December 2018

Toxicological findings: A retrospective overview of medico-legal investigations in Parma (Italy).

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 18;62:92-96. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Institute of Legal Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

The aim of this study was to collect all available data from 2009 to 2016 focusing on the epidemiological, clinical and pharmacological issues only related to acute intoxication fatalities in the Unit of Legal Medicine of the Department of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Parma. All death certificates and autopsy reports were retrieved from the archives and evaluated to identify cases in which only acute intoxication from xenobiotics could be defined as the cause of death, however statistical and descriptive analyses were applied to all the data. A more comprehensive analysis on all causes of death showed that out of 1005 total cases the most common is haemorrhagic shock/traumatic shock (36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
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Tetrachromic VOF/Masson's trichrome/H and E stains: Unmasking their usability in differential stromal hard tissue staining.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2019 Jan-Mar;62(1):67-72

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, ITS-CDSR, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Identification and differentiation of stromal hard tissue components is a challenging task. Numerous methods of demonstrating these components have been worked upon in the past. Although some of the methods have been successful, there are many drawbacks of employing them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_242_18DOI Listing
February 2019
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Impact of Peritoneal Metastasis on Survival of Patients With Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumor.

Am J Surg Pathol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Departments of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology.

The liver and peritoneum are the 2 most common distant metastatic sites for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NET). In this study, we evaluated the differential impact of hepatic and/or peritoneal metastasis on prognosis of SI-NET patients. Surgical Pathology archives were searched for SI-NET resections performed between January 1, 1994 and August 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0000000000001225DOI Listing
January 2019

Tree rings as a proxy for seasonal precipitation variability and Early Neolithic settlement dynamics in Bavaria, Germany.

PLoS One 2019 30;14(1):e0210438. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Botany (210a), University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.

Studying the dynamic of Neolithic settlement on a local scale and its connection to climate variability is often difficult due to missing on-site climate reconstructions from natural archives. Here we bring together archaeological settlement data and a regional climate reconstruction from precipitation-sensitive trees. Both archives hold information about regional settlement dynamics and hydroclimate variability spanning the time of the first farming communities, the so called Linearbandkeramik (LBK) in Bavaria, Germany. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210438PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353135PMC
January 2019

Publishing trends in Journal of Paediatric Surgery, Pediatric Surgery International and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery over the past three decades.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Level 3, Department of Paediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Corner Hawkesbury Road and Hainsworth Street, Westmead, Sydney, NSW, 2145, Australia.

The aim of this study was an analysis of the changing publication trends over the last three decades in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery (JPS), Pediatric Surgery International (PSI) and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery (EJPS) by studying the bibliometric variables, authorship, collaboration, and citation trends. A previously applied methodology using intermittent years was applied to review the archives of JPS, PSI and EJPS over the last 30 years. Citation data were collected from the Web of Science database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04445-wDOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of Midface Advancement by External and Internal Craniofacial Distraction Osteogenesis.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):200-205

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is employed to address the midface abnormalities using either an external DO (EDO) or an internal DO (IDO) device. There are few studies that have reported EDO and IDO outcomes through cephalometric evaluation. The aim of this retrospective, record-based study is to compare the change in position of the midface resulting from distraction of noncomplicated cases of Le Fort III osteotomies with EDO as well as IDO and compare the groups using standard right facing lateral cephalometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ams.ams_234_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327809PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The reliability of MAML2 gene rearrangement in discriminating between histologically similar glandular odontogenic cysts and intraosseous mucoepidermoid carcinomas.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Clinical Professor, University of Alberta, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Objective: MAML2 expression is proven in the majority of mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs) arising in salivary glands. MEC can also occur intraosseously (IMEC). Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an odontogenic cyst with histologic overlap with IMEC. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22124403183129
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Nursing in Pneumonia.

Authors:

Am J Nurs 2019 Feb;119(2):69

: Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000553213.83154.82DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The antiquity of Nullarbor speleothems and implications for karst palaeoclimate archives.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 24;9(1):603. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Speleological Research Group of Western Australia, P.O. Box 1611, East Victoria Park, WA, 6981, Australia.

Speleothems represent important archives of terrestrial climate variation that host a variety of proxy signals and are also highly amenable to radiometric age determination. Although speleothems have been forming on Earth for at least 400 million years, most studies rely upon the U-Th chronometer which extends only to the mid Pleistocene, leaving important questions over their longer-term preservation potential. To date, older records, exploiting the advantages of the U-Pb chronometer, remain fragmentary 'snapshots in time'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37097-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345804PMC
January 2019

Radiation databases and archives - examples and comparisons.

Int J Radiat Biol 2019 Jan 24:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Feinberg School of Medicine, Radiation Oncology , Northwestern University , Chicago , IL , USA.

Studies of ionizing radiation effects through the archiving of data began with standardizing medical treatments in the early 1900s shortly after the discovery of X-rays. Once the breadth of the delayed effects of ionizing radiation was recognized, the need for long-term follow up became apparent. There are now many human archives of data from nuclear disasters and accidents, occupational exposures, and medical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09553002.2019.1572249DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Coupling between Grand cycles and Events in Earth's climate during the past 115 million years.

Authors:
Slah Boulila

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 23;9(1):327. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Institut des Sciences de la Terre Paris, ISTeP, F-75005, Paris, France.

Geological sediment archives document a rich periodic series of astronomically driven climate, but record also abrupt, severe climatic changes called events, the multi-Myr boundary conditions of which have generally been ascribed to acyclic processes from Earth's interior dynamics. These events have rarely been considered together within extended time series for potential correlation with long-term (multi-million year, Myr) cycling. Here I show a coupling between events and multi-Myr cycles in a temperature and ice-volume climatic proxy of the geological past 115 Myr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36509-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344641PMC
January 2019

Culturally modified trees or wasted timber: Different approaches to marked trees in Poland's Białowieża Forest.

PLoS One 2019 23;14(1):e0211025. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of the Natural and Built Environment, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Studies of past forest use traditions are crucial in both understanding the present state of the oldest European forests, and in guiding decisions on future forest conservation and management. Current management of Poland's Białowieża Forest (BF), one of the best-preserved forests of the European lowlands, is heavily influenced by anecdotal knowledge on forest history. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge of the forest's past in order to answer questions about its historical administration, utilisation, and associated anthropogenic changes. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211025PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343906PMC
January 2019

Lichenoid Characteristics in Premalignant Verrucous Lesions and Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity.

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Verrucous hyperkeratosis (VH), verrucous carcinoma (VC) and the relentless, truly pre-malignant variant proliferative verrucous leukoplakia often exhibit lichenoid histologic features that may create a diagnostic dilemma for pathologists. This study aims to evaluate and categorize the frequency and the histopathologic patterns of lichenoid features seen in these lesions. Following IRB approval, cases of VH and VC from 1994 to 2014 were retrieved from the archives of UF Oral Pathology Biopsy Service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-019-01006-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Spatio-temporal analysis of land use dynamics and its potential indications on land surface temperature in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria.

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Dec 19;5(12):180661. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Land use change is the main driving force of global environmental change and is considered as most central to various debates on sustainable development. Even though a large volume of literature materials is available on land use/land cover change for many areas, very little work has been done on land use and its implications on land surface thermal characteristics over the Sokoto area of Nigeria, despite the strategic importance of the zone, including urbanization, increased population as well as the climate in the area, which is dominated by warm harmattan wind blowing Sahara dust inland. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the implications of urban growth on temporal variations of land surface temperature (LST) using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) techniques over Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria between 1986 and 2016. Read More

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http://www.royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.18066
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304134PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Learning to detect chest radiographs containing pulmonary lesions using visual attention networks.

Med Image Anal 2019 Jan 9;53:26-38. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Machine learning approaches hold great potential for the automated detection of lung nodules on chest radiographs, but training algorithms requires very large amounts of manually annotated radiographs, which are difficult to obtain. The increasing availability of PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System), is laying the technological foundations needed to make available large volumes of clinical data and images from hospital archives. Binary labels indicating whether a radiograph contains a pulmonary lesion can be extracted at scale, using natural language processing algorithms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.media.2018.12.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Charles E. Locke Jr. (1895-1929): the founder of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

1Department of Neurosurgery.

The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 under the direction of 4 experienced and iconic physicians: George Crile, Frank Bunts, William Lower, and John Phillips. The Clinic initially employed a staff of only 6 surgeons, 4 internists, 1 radiologist, and 1 biophysicist, but Crile was quick to realize the need for broadening its scope of practice. He asked his close friend, Harvey Cushing, for assistance in finding a suitable candidate to establish a department of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.JNS172593DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
3.737 Impact Factor

Potential immmunohistochemical markers to characterize epithelial-mesenchymal transition in pleomorphic adenoma.

J Exp Ther Oncol 2019 Jan;13(1):1-7

Department of Oral Surgery, Pt. B. D Sharma University of Health Sciences, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Backgound: The histogenesis process of pleomorphic adenoma (PA) of salivary gland continues to remain a controversial subject. In this neoplasm, transition occurs from an epithelial or myoepithelial cell to a stromal element and is called an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) resulting in heterogeneity. The present research was aimed to study the morphological characteristics of varied components and epithelial-mesenchymal transitions in PA using histopathological and immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Tetralogy of Fallot: morphological variations and implications for surgical repair.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Objectives: Tetralogy of Fallot is characterized by anterocephalad deviation of the outlet septum, along with abnormal septoparietal trabeculations, which lead to subpulmonary infundibular stenosis. Archives of retained hearts are an important resource for improving our understanding of congenital heart defects and their morphological variability. This study aims to define variations in aortic override, coronary arterial patterns and ventricular septal defects in tetralogy of Fallot as observed in a morphological archive, highlighting implications for surgical management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy474DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Catalogue of the type material of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest.

Zootaxa 2018 Dec 6;4527(3):301-322. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Systematic Zoology and Ecology, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary..

A catalogue of the pseudoscorpion types deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Budapest) is presented. The Collection of Soil Invertebrates at the Museum harbours type material of 60 described (49 valid) pseudoscorpion species or subspecies, belonging to 13 families and 33 genera. Most of these are types of species described by Ödön Tömösváry, Jenő Daday, Max Beier and Volker Mahnert, along with a handful described by Lodovico di Caporiacco, Mark Harvey and János Novák. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4527.3.1DOI Listing
December 2018

Analysis of the Preserved Amino Acid Bias in Peptide Profiles of Iron Age Teeth from a Tropical Environment Enable Sexing of Individuals Using Amelogenin MRM.

Proteomics 2019 Jan 16:e1800341. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

PERAHU, Griffith Centre for Social and Cultural Research & School of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast campus, QLD, 4222, Australia.

The first dental proteomic profile of Iron Age individuals (ca. 2000-1000 years B.P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.201800341DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Genetic analysis identifies the missing parchment of New Zealand's founding document, the Treaty of Waitangi.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(1):e0210528. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga, Wellington, New Zealand.

Genetic analyses provide a powerful tool with which to identify the biological components of historical objects. Te Tiriti o Waitangi | The Treaty of Waitangi is New Zealand's founding document, intended to be a partnership between the indigenous Māori and the British Crown. Here we focus on an archived piece of blank parchment that has been proposed to be the missing portion of the lower parchment of the Waitangi Sheet of the Treaty. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0210528PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334937PMC
January 2019
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Accuracy of frozen-section diagnosis of brain tumors: An 11-year experience from a tertiary care center.

Turk Neurosurg 2018 Jun 27. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

The University of Jordan.

Aim: Pitfalls and challenges in frozen section (FS) diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) lesions have been debated worldwide. The aim of this study was to analyze the frozen section diagnostic accuracy in correlation with the final diagnosis of brain tumors.

Material And Methods: This retrospective study comprised all brain tumor cases with FS diagnosis and permanent section diagnosis in Jordan University Hospital from July 1, 2007 to December 31, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23220-18.2DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Fossil pollen and spores as a tool for reconstructing ancient solar-ultraviolet irradiance received by plants: an assessment of prospects and challenges using proxy-system modelling.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2019 Feb;18(2):275-294

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bergen, Norway.

Ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-315 nm) constitutes less than 1% of the total solar radiation that reaches the Earth's surface but has a disproportional impact on biological and ecological processes from the individual to the ecosystem level. Absorption of UV-B by ozone is also one of the primary heat sources to the stratosphere, so variations in UV-B have important relationships to the Earth's radiation budget. Yet despite its importance for understanding atmospheric and ecological processes, there is limited understanding about the changes in UV-B radiation in the geological past. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp00490kDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A luminescence-based assay for evaluating bactericidal antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi in vaccinated horses' serum.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Background: Current serological tests cannot discriminate between bactericidal Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies from others that are merely a response to Borrelia antigenic stimulation.

Objective: To develop a sensitive and convenient luminescence-based serum bactericidal assay (L-SBA) to identify serum borreliacidal activity.

Study Design: Prospective validation study and method comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13074DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads