14,432 results match your criteria Archives Of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation[Journal]


Clinical properties of the 6-clicks and Functional Status Score for the ICU in a hospital in the United Arab Emirates.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Department of Inpatient Therapies and Rehabilitation, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Objective: To determine measurement properties of the Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care Inpatient Mobility Short Form (6-clicks) and Functional Status Score for the Intensive Care Unit (FSS-ICU).

Design: Retrospective analysis of scores from a cohort of patients over twenty-four months. Outcome measures were administered to patients referred to physical therapy on admission and discharge. Read More

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Letter to the Editor on "Effectiveness of a Web-Based Direct-to-User Transfer Training Program" -Response.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Rehab Neural Engineering Labs, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address:

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The development, internal construct and uni-dimensionality of the Tetraplegia Upper Limb Activities Questionnaire, TUAQ. Part 1.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Objective: This study aims to develop a patient reported outcome measure that focuses on relevant daily activities relying on upper extremity for individuals with tetraplegia.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: SCI units in two countries. Read More

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Reproducibility, construct validity and responsiveness of the Tetraplegia Upper Limb Activities Questionnaire, TUAQ. Part 2.: Psychometric testing of TUAQ.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Objective: To test reliability, construct validity and responsiveness of the Tetraplegic Upper limb Activity Questionnaire (TUAQ), a patient report outcome measure that assesses perceived performance and satisfaction with ten standardized activities.

Design: Outcome measure psychometric evaluation.

Setting: Spinal cord injury units in two countries. Read More

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Using Implementation Science to Guide the Process of Adapting a Patient Engagement Intervention for Inpatient Spinal Cord Injury/Disorder Rehabilitation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Center for Rehabilitation Outcomes Research, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, and Departments of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the process of adapting an evidence-based patient engagement intervention, Enhanced Medical Rehabilitation (E-MR), for inpatient spinal cord injury/disease (SCI/D) rehabilitation using an implementation science framework.

Design: We applied the Collaborative Intervention Planning Framework (CIPF) and included a community advisory board (CAB) in an intervention mapping process.

Setting: A rehabilitation hospital. Read More

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Factors related to engagement in employment after spinal cord injury in Australia: A cross-sectional study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 15. Epub 2022 May 15.

The Hopkins Centre, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland Australia; Division of Rehabilitation, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To explore the association between socio-demographic, health, functional independence and environmental variables with engagement in paid work, for people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: Self-reported, cross-sectional Australian data from a large international SCI survey.

Setting: Community-based. Read More

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Comparative effectiveness of four exercise interventions followed by two years of exercise maintenance in multiple sclerosis: A randomized control trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 15. Epub 2022 May 15.

Somogy County Kaposi Mór Teaching Hospital, Kaposvár, Hungary; University of Pécs, Faculty of Health Sciences, Doctoral School of Health Sciences, Pécs, Hungary; Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Hungary; Széchényi István University, Digital Development Center, Győr, Hungary. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effects of Exergaming on quality of life (QoL), motor, and clinical symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis. We compared the effects of exergaming (EXE), balance (BAL), cycling (CYC), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), and a standard care wait-listed control group (CON) on clinical and motor symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in people with MS (PwMS) and determined the effects of subsequent maintenance programs for 2 years in a hospital setting.

Design: A randomized clinical trial, using before-after test design. Read More

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Predictors of Post-Acute Sequelae of COVID-19 Development and Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Minnesota, Division of PM&R, Minneapolis, MN.

Objective: Clinical and demographic factors associated with the development, severity, and rehabilitation utilization of patients with Post-Acute Sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC) are not well defined. We examined the frequency of PASC, and the factors associated with rehabilitation utilization in a large adult population with PASC.

Design: Retrospective study SETTING: Hospital health system PARTICIPANTS: All COVID-19 patients from March 10, 2020 to January 17, 2021 INTERVENTION: Not applicable. Read More

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Can therapeutic exercises improve proprioception in chronic ankle instability? a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, University of Canberra, Bruce ACT, Australia.

Objective: To assess exercise therapies that aim to enhance proprioception in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI).

Data Sources: Five databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EBSCO) were searched in October 2021.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials involving exercise therapy conducted on individuals with CAI were included. Read More

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Effect of Increasing Obstacle Distances task on Postural Stability Variables during Gait Initiation in Older Non-fallers and Fallers.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: To compare the scaling of the postural stability variables between older non-fallers and fallers during gait initiation (GI) while stepping over increasing obstacle distances.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: University research laboratory. Read More

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Inspiratory Muscle Training and Physical Fitness in Children with Down Syndrome: Randomized Control Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Pediatrics Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt; Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on physical fitness in children with Down syndrome (DS).

Design: A randomised control trial.

Setting: The study was conducted in a private physical therapy centre. Read More

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Stroke Recovery During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Position Paper on Recommendations for Rehabilitation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Healthcare delivery shifted and adapted with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus 2 (CoV-2). Stroke care was negatively impacted across the care continuum and may lead to poor community living outcomes in those who survived a stroke during the ongoing pandemic. For instance, delays in seeking care, changes in length of stays, and shifts in discharge patterns were observed during the pandemic. Read More

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Policy Analysis on Power Seat Elevation Systems.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

Clinical Education, Permobil, Inc., Lebanon, TN.

In the early 2000's the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services determined that power seat elevation systems did not meet the definition of durable medical equipment, and therefore are non-covered items. Yet, power seat elevation systems are covered by other funding sources, and many power wheelchair users utilize these systems regularly when performing tasks such as transferring, reaching, and looking at objects in environments designed for ambulatory people. Adjusting one's height when performing these tasks may reduce the onset of pain and comorbidities. Read More

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The role of resistance training in mitigating risk for mobility disability in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 1C7. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the effects of community-based resistance training (RT) on physical function for older adults with mobility disability.

Data Sources: Four databases (PEDro, MedLine, Ovid, CINAHL and Web of Science) were searched from inception to February 2, 2021.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that examined community-based RT for improving physical function in community-dwelling older adults were included. Read More

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Erratum.

Authors:

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 28. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

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First systematic review and meta-analysis of the validity and test retest reliability of physical activity monitors for estimating energy expenditure during walking in individuals with stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 17. Epub 2022 Apr 17.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in the University Hospital Center of Limoges, 87042 Limoges, France; HAVAE EA6310 (Handicap, Aging, Autonomy, Environment), FIRAH, University of Limoges, 87042 Limoges, France. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the validity and test retest reliability of physical activity trackers (accelerometer, multi-sensor, smartphone, pedometer) for estimating energy expenditure during walking in individuals with stroke.

Data Sources: Webline, Medline, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Bielefeld Academic Search Engine and Wiley Online Library databases from 1980 to November 2020.

Study Selection: The inclusion criteria were studies that examined the validity of portable physical activity trackers for estimating energy expenditure in individuals with stroke during walking activities compared to indirect calorimetry. Read More

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Concurrent validity of different sensor-based measures: Activity counts do not reflect functional hand use in children and adolescents with upper limb impairments.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Swiss Children's Rehab, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Mühlebergstrasse 104, 8910, Affoltern am Albis, Switzerland; Children's Research Center, University Children's Hospital of Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: To investigate the concurrent validity of four different outcome measures to determine daily functional hand use with wrist-worn inertial sensors in children with upper limb impairments. We hypothesized that the commonly used activity counts are biased by walking and wheeling activities, while measures that exclude arm movements during these periods with activity detection algorithms or by limiting the analysis to a range of functional forearm elevation would lead to more valid estimates of daily hand use.

Design: Concurrent validity study with video-based observations of functional hand use serving as the criterion measure. Read More

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Effects of Intra-Articular Coinjections of Hyaluronic Acid and Hypertonic Dextrose on Knee Osteoarthritis: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 16. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: To determine whether intra-articular coinjection with hypertonic dextrose improves the outcome of hyaluronic acid (HA) prolotherapy for knee osteoarthritis DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial SETTING: Medical center in Taiwan PARTICIPANTS: In total, 104 participants who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology clinical and radiographic criteria for knee osteoarthritis with a Kellgren-Lawrence score of 2 or 3 were recruited.

Interventions: The participants were blocked randomized to the treatment (HA/hypertonic dextrose) or control (HA/normal saline) group. Ultrasound-guided knee intra-articular injections were administered once a week for 3 weeks. Read More

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Reporting Guideline for RULER: Rasch Reporting Guideline for Rehabilitation Research: Explanation and Elaboration.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Research and Leadership, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, DC.

The Rasch Reporting Guideline for Rehabilitation Research (RULER) provides peer-reviewed, evidence-based, transparent, and consistent recommendations for reporting studies that apply Rasch Measurement (RM) Theory in a rehabilitation context. The purpose of the guideline is to ensure that authors, reviewers, and editors have uniform guidance about how to write and evaluate research on rehabilitation outcome assessments. The RULER statement includes an organizing framework and a checklist of 59 recommendations. Read More

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Isotemporal Substitution of Sedentary Behavior by Different Physical Activity Intensities on Pain and Disability of Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the association of isotemporal substitution modeling (ISM) of time spent in sedentary activities with physical activity in different intensities on pain and disability of patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).

Design: Observational and cross-sectional study. Device-measured physical activity levels were assessed using an actigraph. Read More

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Feasibility of Customized Pillboxes to Enhance Medication Adherence: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 14. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Objective: To test the (1) feasibility of an assistive technology based pillbox intervention on medication adherence; (2) feasibility of trial procedures; and (3) preliminary effectiveness of the pillbox intervention on medication adherence.

Design: A single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted during 2-4 weeks.

Setting: Researchers recruited a convenience sample to participate in this university laboratory-based study. Read More

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First-time Lumbar Medial Branch Radiofrequency Ablation: Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System as a Metric of Outcome.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.

Objective: Investigate the ability of Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) to capture the therapeutic effect of first-time medial branch radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

Design: Before-after trial SETTING: Single academic spine center PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent first-time medial branch RFA for lumbar facet joint pain identified by dual comparative medial branch block (MBB) with 80% or greater pain relief between January 1, 2015 and September 1, 2019 were identified utilizing procedural billing codes. Charts were reviewed manually to confirm accuracy and strict adherence to the 80% pain relief threshold for each MBB. Read More

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Rasch Reporting Guideline for Rehabilitation Research (RULER): the RULER Statement.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 12. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Division of Physical Therapy, Division of Rehabilitation Science, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address:

The application of Rasch Measurement (RM) Theory to rehabilitation assessments has proliferated in recent years. RM Theory helps design and refine assessments so that items reflect a unidimensional construct in an equal interval metric that distinguishes among persons of different abilities in a manner that is consistent with the underlying trait. Rapid growth of RM in rehabilitation assessment studies has led to inconsistent results reporting. Read More

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Development of a clinical prediction rule to identify physical activity after total hip arthroplasty.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 11. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Rehabilitation Unit, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: To develop clinical prediction rule (CPR) of physical activity at 1-year after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: University hospital with orthopedic surgery. Read More

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Differential impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity involvements and exercise habits in people with and without chronic diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 10. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize evidence regarding differential changes in PA involvements and exercise habits in people with/without chronic diseases during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, Embase, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, PEDro were searched from November 2019 to May 2021.

Study Selection: Two reviewers independently screened cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that investigated changes in PA-related outcomes in people with/without chronic diseases during the pandemic. Read More

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Effects of a Low-carbohydrate/High-protein Diet on Gut Microbiome Composition in Insulin Resistant Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: Preliminary Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 10. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the impact of a low-carbohydrate/high-protein (LC/HP) diet that meets all nutrient recommendations and includes healthy dietary components (e.g., lean meat, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, fiber, etc. Read More

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Effects of Virtual Reality Rehabilitation Training on Cognitive Function and Activities of Daily Living of Patients with Post-Stroke Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 10. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Academy of Integrative Medicine, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the effects of virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation training on the cognitive function and activities of daily living (ADLs) of patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI).

Data Sources: Four Chinese databases and six English databases were systematically searched for studies published until August 31, 2021, by using MeSH terms such as virtual reality, cognition disorders, cognitive dysfunction, and stroke, and free terms such as virtual environment, VR, cognition impairment, cerebrovascular accident, and PSCI.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials treating PSCI with VR training were included. Read More

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Letter to the Editor Regarding "Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Treatment of Trigger Finger: A Randomized Controlled Study".

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 9. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopedics, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

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Letter to the Editor: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Combined With Oral Medication and Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

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