12,105 results match your criteria Archives Of Mining Sciences[Journal]


Morphometric analysis of nasopalatine foramen in Sri Lankan population using CBCT.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):238-240. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Nasopalatine canal (NPC) is an important anatomical structure present in the anterior mid maxilla. It has the synonyms of incisive canal or anterior palatine canal. The objective of this study was to identify the morphometric characteristics of the NPC in group of Sri Lankan people using Cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) and to determine normal morphological course and anatomical variations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2019.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254471PMC
December 2019

Lasting the distance: The survival of alien birds shipped to New Zealand in the 19th century.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 7;10(9):3944-3953. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Department of Invasion Ecology Czech Academy of Sciences Institute of Botany Průhonice Czech Republic.

Invasive alien species are a major threat to biodiversity and human activities, providing a strong incentive to understand the processes by which alien invasion occurs. While it is important to understand the determinants of success at each of several invasion stages-transport, introduction, establishment, and spread-few studies have explored the first of these stages. Here, we quantify and analyze variation in the success of individual animals in surviving the transport stage, based on shipping records of European passerines destined for New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244811PMC

The plague in Bologna in the year 1527.

Infez Med 2020 Jun;28(2):278-287

Istituto di Malattie Infettive, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Universitá degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

In the year 1527, following the invasion of Italy by Landsknechts, who were headed by Georg von Frundsberg, the bubonic plague appeared in the country. These soldiers were part of an army that Charles V sent to invade Italy in order to subjugate the Italian states which had adhered to the League of Cognac. In Bologna during the year 1527 believers held a procession from the Sanctuary of the Madonna del Soccorso, through the city, as far as the Church of San Rocco. Read More

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Clinicopathologic Analysis of Chondroblastoma in Adults: A Single-Institution Case Series.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Jun 2:1066896920927794. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor of immature cartilage cells that generally occurs in an epiphyseal location of skeletally immature individuals. However, a few studies have reported cases in older patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of chondroblastoma in an adult population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920927794DOI Listing

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Proteins in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Differential Immunohistochemical Expression in Different Sites and Correlation with Clinico-Pathological Features.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 May 28;10(6). Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Pathology Section, Federico II University of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

The first step leading to metastasis, or for the acquisition of local invasiveness, involves changes in the phenotype of neoplastic cells in the primary tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process that determines the acquisition of a form and a transcriptional program that are characteristic of mesenchymal cells, in epithelial cells. The factors involved in this process are E-cadherin and N-cadherin adhesion proteins and some transcription factors such as Slug and Twist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10060351DOI Listing

Differentiating wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp using stable isotope and multi-element analysis of fish scales with chemometrics.

Food Chem 2020 May 21;328:127115. Epub 2020 May 21.

National Isotope Centre, GNS Science, 30 Gracefield Road, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Stable carbon (δC) and nitrogen (δN) isotope ratios and multi-element signatures of pooled fish scales were used to differentiate wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp from Dongting Lake, China. Fish scales were found to be important archives for the dietary history and trophic level of wild and farmed fish, indicating their food sources. δC and δN values of pond-farmed carp scales were comparatively enriched to wild and lake-farmed carp due to their animal protein-derived feeds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127115DOI Listing

JSONize: A Scalable Machine Learning Pipeline to Model Medical Notes as Semi-structured Documents.

AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc 2020 30;2020:533-541. Epub 2020 May 30.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

The Department of Veteran's Affairs (VA) archives one of the largest corpora of clinical notes in their corporate data warehouse as unstructured text data. Unstructured text easily supports keyword searches and regular expressions. Often these simple searches do not adequately support the complex searches that need to be performed on notes. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233081PMC

Behavioral problems may be associated with multilevel lumbosacral stenosis in military working dogs.

J Vet Behav 2020 Jan-Feb;35:8-13. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Division of Animal & Nutritional Sciences; Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources & Design; 4100 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO Box 6108; West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA, 26506-6108.

Behavioral and spinal problems have been reported to be important causes of early retirement in military working dogs, however studies on possible relationships between these two problems are currently lacking. The aim of this retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was to test associations between reported behavioral problems and computed tomographic (CT) diagnoses of lumbosacral (LS) stenosis in a sample of military working dogs. . Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259540PMC

Nixon and Scheel in China: Acupuncture and Anesthesia in West and East Germany in the 1970s and 1980s.

Authors:
Wilfried Witte

J Anesth Hist 2020 Mar 23;6(1):8-12. Epub 2018 May 23.

Klinik für Anästhesie mit Schwerpunkt Intensivmedizin, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, D - 12203 Berlin. Electronic address:

Background: Acupuncture anesthesia was used instead of intubation anesthesia in the 1970s and 1980s in West Germany and West Berlin. In East Germany acupuncture played no decisive role.

Sources: Different articles and papers in journals, in daily press, statements of contemporary witnesses, films, records in archives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2018.01.003DOI Listing

Harnessing the potential of blood donation archives for influenza surveillance and control.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233605. Epub 2020 May 29.

School of Public Health, WHO Collaborating Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Many blood donation services around the globe maintain large archives of serum and/or plasma specimens of blood donations which could potentially be used for serologic surveillance and risk assessment of influenza. Harnessing this potential requires robust evidence that the outcomes of influenza serology in plasma, which is rarely used, is consistent with that in serum, which is the conventional choice of specimens for influenza serology. We harvested EDTA-plasma specimens from the blood donation archives of Hong Kong Red Cross Transfusion Services, where EDTA is the type of anticoagulant used for plasma collection, compared their antibody titers and responses to that in serum. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233605PLOS
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

A Framework for Assessing the Impact of Information-Seeking Behavior on Cancer Patients' Long-Term Prognosis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2020 ;1196:63-72

Department of Archives, Library Science & Museology, Faculty of Information Science & Informatics, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Cancer is considered as one of the main challenges of modern healthcare systems. Cancer patients are obliged to cope with the uncertainty of disease progression. Their anxiety regarding said uncertainty is intensified because they need to constantly make decisions concerning the management of their disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32637-1_6DOI Listing
January 2020

Editorial: Archives of Virology's 80th anniversary symposium-6 months later.

Authors:
Tim Skern

Arch Virol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Max Perutz Labs, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04678-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255974PMC

3' MACE RNA-sequencing allows for transcriptome profiling in human tissue samples after long-term storage.

Lab Invest 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Eye Center, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

This study aims to compare the potential of standard RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) and 3' massive analysis of c-DNA ends (MACE) RNA-sequencing for the analysis of fresh tissue and describes transcriptome profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) archival human samples by MACE. To compare MACE to standard RNA-Seq on fresh tissue, four healthy conjunctiva from four subjects were collected during vitreoretinal surgery, halved and immediately transferred to RNA lysis buffer without prior fixation and then processed for either standard RNA-Seq or MACE RNA-Seq analysis. To assess the impact of FFPE preparation on MACE, a third part was fixed in formalin and processed for paraffin embedding, and its transcriptional profile was compared with the unfixed specimens analyzed by MACE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41374-020-0446-zDOI Listing

Oscillopsia After Isolated Lateral Wall Decompression Versus Balanced or 3-Wall Decompression.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Ophthalmology Department, Ramón y Cajal Universitary Hospital, IRYCIS, Madrid.

Purpose: To assess the incidence of postoperative masticatory oscillopsia after orbital decompression, comparing results between isolated lateral wall and balanced or 3-wall orbital decompression.

Methods: An observational retrospective study was performed, involving 161 consecutive patients who underwent orbital decompression between 2008 and 2018. Patients' clinical data were registered, and archives were revised for data compilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001716DOI Listing

Are the Lives of Animals Well-spent in Laboratory Science Research? A Study of Orthopaedic Animal Studies in Turkey.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

A. Öztürk, Ö. Ersan, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: As in all fields of medicine, animal studies are widely performed in orthopaedics and have increased in number over time. However, it is not clear to what extent these studies provide a basis for future research or advancements in clinical science. Concerns about the reliability and translational ability of animal studies have been reported, and major orthopaedic journals and organizations are encouraging the reduction of unnecessary experiments on animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000001335DOI Listing

Fungal metabarcoding data integration framework for the MycoDiversity DataBase (MDDB).

J Integr Bioinform 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science (LIACS), Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Fungi have crucial roles in ecosystems, and are important associates for many organisms. They are adapted to a wide variety of habitats, however their global distribution and diversity remains poorly documented. The exponential growth of DNA barcode information retrieved from the environment is assisting considerably the traditional ways for unraveling fungal diversity and detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jib-2019-0046DOI Listing

Angiogenesis and Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2020 Apr;14(2):93-98

Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most prevalent acute leukemia in adults. Bone marrow angiogenesis is crucial for pathogenesis of leukemia, and increasing bone marrow Mean Vascular Density (MVD) and level of angiogenesis factors are seen in patients with AML. Higher level of bone marrow MVD is associated with poor prognosis of AML according to previous studies. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231790PMC

Indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Ospedali Riuniti Padova Sud "Madre Teresa Di Calcutta" Hub Covid Hospital Monselice (Padova)-ULSS 6 Euganea, Padua, Italy.

Background: The indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related are controversial.

Purpose: In a recent issue published in the European Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, Mattioli et al. published a short communication about tracheostomy timing in patients with COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019); they reported that the tracheostomy could allow early Intensive Care Units discharge and, in the context of prolonged Invasive Mechanical Ventilation, should be suggested within 7 and 14 days to avoid potential tracheal damages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06068-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250256PMC

EVA technology and proteomics: a two-pronged attack on Cultural Heritage.

J Proteome Res 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

A novel way for exploring the world Cultural Heritage in the absence of damage or contamination of the items under investigation is here reported, called the EVA technique. It is based on films of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) impregnated with strong anion and cation exchangers, admixed with hydrophobic resins, C8 and C18. When in contact with any surface these films can harvest nano-moles of macromolecules (proteins and DNA) as well as metabolites, which can then be identified by standard instrumentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00080DOI Listing

Gender Bias in Medicine: Does it Exist at AUA Plenary Sessions?

Urology 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Urology; Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

Objective: To determine if gender bias exists at the plenary sessions of the American Urologic Association (AUA) annual conference by evaluating variations in the use of a professional title (PT) during speaker introductions at these sessions.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed video archives of all plenary sessions from the American Urologic Association annual conferences from 2017-2019. Videos that included both plenary introducer and speaker were included for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.012DOI Listing

Cystic liver neoplams: A single centre experience and literature review.

Cir Esp 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Unidad de Cirugía Hepato-Bilio-Pancreática y Trasplante de Órganos Abdominales, Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España; Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Introduction: The hepatic cystic tumour is a very rare neoplasm, representing about 5% of all cystic liver neoplasms. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult and can lead to confusion. The aim of this study is to analyze a number of cases operated at our centre with an histologic diagnosis of liver cystic neoplasms and also to describe the sintomathology, diagnosis and management as per the recent classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.04.007DOI Listing

Increased Weekly Mean PM, and NO Are Associated With Increased Proportions of Lower Airway Granulocytes in Ontario Horses.

Front Vet Sci 2020 5;7:185. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Ambient pollution is associated with the development and exacerbation of human asthma, but whether air pollution exposure is associated with lower airway inflammation in horses has not been fully evaluated. The Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) is an online tool used by asthmatic Ontarians to modify their outdoor activity when ambient pollution is high. A single AQHI value, falling on a scale from 1 to 10, is calculated from measurements of fine particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO), and ozone (O). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214617PMC

Clinicopathological Profile of Castleman's Disease in Indian Population: Experience From a Tertiary Care Center.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2020 Apr 25;36(2):254-259. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

5Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029 India.

Castleman's disease (CD), also known as angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, a rare, non-malignant chronic lymphoproliferative disease characterized by, uni or multicentric lymphadenopathy. There is limited information about the clinicopathological variations and associations of this entity. A total of 50 cases of CD were retrieved from the archives, between the years 2005-2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-019-01191-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229093PMC
April 2020
0.234 Impact Factor

Karyological and bioinformatic data on the common chameleon .

Data Brief 2020 Jun 30;30:105640. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Napoli Federico II, Via Cinthia 26, 80126 Napoli, Italy.

The data presented in this paper stand as supplementary information of the associated article "Karyological characterization of the common chameleon () provides insights on the evolution and diversification of sex chromosomes in Chamaeleonidae" [1]. This work provides (i) raw experimental data on the karyology of the common chameleon and (ii) the results of bioinformatic analysis on sex-specific and repeated DNA sequences found in the same species. The karyological information here presented includes traditional staining method (Giemsa staining) and sequential C-banding + fluorochromes performed on Tunisian samples of the species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215088PMC

Rainfall, groundwater, and surface water isotope data from extreme tropical cyclones (2016-2019) within the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean basins.

Data Brief 2020 Jun 30;30:105633. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Stable Isotopes Research Group and Water Resources Management Laboratory, Universidad Nacional, Heredia 86-3000, Costa Rica.

Under a changing climate, projections estimate that over the next thirty years, extreme Tropical Cyclones (TCs) will increase in frequency, with two to three times more Category 4 and 5 hurricanes in the Atlantic basin between 20°N and 40°N. In recent years, the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean basins have experienced several extreme TCs, resulting in extensive human, ecological, and economic damage [1], [2], [3]. To improve understanding of TCs and their potential impacts in the face of climate change, physically based understanding of past climate and modern TC dynamics is necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214822PMC

Intimate partner violence in Greece: a study of 664 consecutive forensic clinical examinations.

Fam Pract 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a well-known phenomenon, which affects mostly women. While IPV victims may attend emergency departments (EDs) seeking medical care, not all of them will make an allegation against their abusers.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and the characteristics of the victims, who had made an allegation about the violent incident and had been examined by a forensic pathologist for judicial purposes, and had attended EDs seeking medical care, before the forensic examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmaa052DOI Listing

Occurrence and depositional history of organochlorine pesticides in the sediments of the Zayandehrud River in the arid region of Central Iran.

Chemosphere 2020 Apr 24;255:126847. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Science, No.19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

In this study, surface sediments along the Zayandehrud River (14 samples), and two dated core sediments (46 samples) from small artificial urban lakes at the middle section of the Zayandehrud River in the Gavkhooni basin in the central arid regions of Iran were analyzed for residual levels of 20 organochlorine pesticide (OCP) compounds. Total OCP concentrations ranged from 0.1 to 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126847DOI Listing

A Subset of Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma (SNUC) is Associated with Transcriptionally Active High-Risk HPV by In-Situ Hybridization (ISH): A Clinical and Pathologic Analysis.

Hum Pathol 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Pathology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is an aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis, and pathologically, is a diagnosis of exclusion. Rendering this diagnosis can be challenging in practice because of the large number of diverse entities in the differential diagnosis. We encountered an index case of a sinonasal carcinoma otherwise diagnosable as SNUC which, upon further investigation, demonstrated strong and diffuse P16 expression, as well as diffuse expression of high risk HPV (hrHPV) RNA by in-situ hybridization (ISH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2020.05.002DOI Listing

NOR-1 Distinguishes Acinic Cell Carcinoma from Its Mimics on Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Specimens.

Hum Pathol 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Acinic cell carcinoma of the salivary gland (ACC-SG) is characterized by a recurrent chromosomal rearrangement (t(4;9)(q13;q31)) that upregulates the transcription factor NR4A3. Studies conducted on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue have found that nuclear expression of a monoclonal antibody NR4A3 (NOR-1) is a sensitive and specific diagnostic marker for ACC-SG. The aims of this study were to evaluate the performance of the NOR1 antibody and to compare its utility in separating ACC-SG from its mimics on cytology cell block specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Multi-sensory potential of archives in dementia care.

Arch Rec (Abingdon) 2020 22;41(1):20-31. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Company Archives, Boots UK, Nottingham, UK.

This paper aimed to review the potential for archival items to be used to support therapeutic interventions in dementia care, with a particular focus on olfactory stimuli. Archival research was used to identify objects and to re-create authentic historical product fragrances from Boots UK. Potentially therapeutic material and smells for people living with dementia were identified and olfactory profiles created. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23257962.2019.1675147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7194239PMC
October 2019

Reply to the comments on "A novel approach to peatlands as archives of total cumulative spatial pollution loads from atmospheric deposition of airborne elements complementary to EMEP data: Priority pollutants (Pb, Cd, Hg)" by V. De Vleeschouwer et al.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 1:139153. Epub 2020 May 1.

Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie St. 34, 41-819 Zabrze, Poland.

In the comments by De Vleeschouwer et al. (2020) on a recent paper by Miszczak et al. (2020), two major issues were critically discussed: (1) the behavior of lead in ombrotrophic peatlands, with particular regard to the possible lead vertical mobility/immobility; (2) lead data use to accurately reconstruct historical contamination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139153DOI Listing

Epidemiology of visceral mycoses in patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome: Analyzing the national autopsy database in Japan.

Med Mycol 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Pathology, Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan.

Visceral mycoses (VM) are a deadly common infection in patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We retrospectively analyzed the data from the centralized "Annual Report of Autopsy Cases in Japan" that archives the national autopsy cases since 1989. Among the total of 175,615 archived autopsy cases, 7183 cases (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myaa029DOI Listing

Such stuff as dreams are made on: John Bowlby and the interpretation of dreams.

Attach Hum Dev 2020 May 13:1-13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

In this paper, newly uncovered archival material from the Bowlby archives is presented on Bowlby's own dreams and dream interpretation. Although he was critical of orthodox psychoanalysis, Bowlby appears to have been seriously involved in Freudian dream interpretation in the 1930s and 1940s. Here, we present in annotated form his own interpretations of several of his dreams from that time and a series of lectures on dreams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2020.1748671DOI Listing

Political follower or loyal National Socialist? : On the role of former DGP President Herbert Siegmund (1892-1954) in the Third Reich.

Pathologe 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Institut für Geschichte Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Universitätsklinikum Aachen, RWTH Aachen University, Wendlingweg 2, 52074, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Herbert Siegmund (1892-1954) was undoubtedly one of the most influential German pathologists of the 20th century. He received numerous high honors both during the Third Reich and after 1945. He was, among other things, rector of the University of Münster (1943-1945), holder of the Goethe Medal awarded by Hitler (1944), honorary doctor of the University of Cologne (1949), recipient of the Paracelsus Medal (1953), and president of the German Society for Pathology (DGP, 1954). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00292-020-00767-yDOI Listing

Identifying task-relevant spectral signatures of perceptual categorization in the human cortex.

Sci Rep 2020 May 12;10(1):7870. Epub 2020 May 12.

Computational Neuroscience Lab, Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Human brain has developed mechanisms to efficiently decode sensory information according to perceptual categories of high prevalence in the environment, such as faces, symbols, objects. Neural activity produced within localized brain networks has been associated with the process that integrates both sensory bottom-up and cognitive top-down information processing. Yet, how specifically the different types and components of neural responses reflect the local networks' selectivity for categorical information processing is still unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64243-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217881PMC

The American and Canadian wartime godmothers of Belgian soldiers. Joseph de Dorlodot's Correspondence and Documentation Office (1915-1919).

Authors:
Marie Leyder

Med Confl Surviv 2020 Mar;36(1):82-102

Institute for Ethics, History and the Humanities / Institute for Gender Studies, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Lieutenant Joseph de Dorlodot (1871-1941), a Belgian aristocrat and philanthropist, was the Director of the Belgian Correspondence and Documentation Office in Folkestone, England. This article uses the 'Joseph de Dorlodot' archive collection (Archives Générales du Royaume de Belgique, Bruxelles) to investigate the emotional support provided by the Correspondence Office during the First World War. Throughout the conflict, its mission was to facilitate the sending of mail between Belgians, to provide them with legal advice and to offer humanitarian assistance to those who were in material and emotional distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13623699.2020.1756193DOI Listing

Predicting Patient-Centered Outcomes from Spine Surgery Using Risk Assessment Tools: a Systematic Review.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2020 Jun;13(3):247-263

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the current literature in patients undergoing spine surgery in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine to determine the available risk assessment tools to predict the patient-centered outcomes of pain, disability, physical function, quality of life, psychological disposition, and return to work after surgery.

Recent Findings: Risk assessment tools can assist surgeons and other healthcare providers in identifying the benefit-risk ratio of surgical candidates. These tools gather demographic, medical history, and other pertinent patient-reported measures to calculate a probability utilizing regression or machine learning statistical foundations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-020-09630-2DOI Listing

Morphological features useful in the differential diagnosis between undifferentiated carcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2020 May 3;46:151527. Epub 2020 May 3.

Sikl's Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Teaching Hospital in Plzen, Charles University, Plzen, Czech Republic; Bioptical Laboratory, Ltd., Plzen, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Undifferentiated (sarcomatoid) carcinomas may closely mimic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) due to possible histological and immunohistochemical overlap between these two entities. To avoid unnecessary employment of a wide spectrum of immunohistochemical stainings and molecular genetics and thus decrease costs, finding simple morphological features to target further investigation of such neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract would be helpful. Five cases classified as undifferentiated (sarcomatoid) carcinomas with a definite proof of the diagnosis, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2020.151527DOI Listing

Epicuticular wax lipid composition of endemic European Betula species in a simulated ontogenetic/diagenetic continuum and its application to chemotaxonomy and paleobotany.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 29;730:138324. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Organic Geochemistry, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany; Department of Earth Sciences, WA-OIGC, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. Electronic address:

Plants are excellent climate indicators and their macro-remains or pollen accumulating in geological archives serve as recorders of environmental change. In Europe birch trees contribute importantly to Holocene plant successions. They constitute the dwarf species Betula nana and B. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138324DOI Listing

Polish Archives of Internal Medicine in the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2020 Apr 30;130(4):263. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20452/pamw.15323DOI Listing

Critical consideration of the Archives of Craniofacial Surgery journal homepage and tips for using its helpful features.

Authors:
Kang Young Choi

Arch Craniofac Surg 2020 Apr 20;21(2):77-79. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2020.00045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206459PMC

Bacterial odontogenic infections.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2020 05 28;140(7). Epub 2020 Apr 28.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.19.0778DOI Listing

Retrospective Analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering in a Low Intellectual Quotient Intractable Epilepsy Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Objective: The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is commonly used by neuropsychologists (Sharland, M. J., & Gfeller, J. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa022DOI Listing

Infertility and Psychological and Social Health of Iranian Infertile Women: A Systematic Review.

Iran J Psychiatry 2020 Jan;15(1):67-79

Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynecology, Milad (Mashhad) Infertility Center, Mashhad, Iran.

Infertility influences various emotional, psychological, social, and relational aspects of women's lives. By employing a systematic review on the papers published in this field, this study aimed to identify the consequences of infertility on psychological and social health of women in Iran. This was a descriptive study, conducted through a systematic review according to the directions denoted by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) in 2018. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193241PMC
January 2020

Comment on: "A novel approach to peatlands as archives of total cumulative spatial pollution loads from atmospheric deposition of airborne elements complementary to EMEP data: Priority pollutants (Pb, Cd, Hg)" by Ewa Miszczak, Sebastian Stefaniak, Adam Michczyński, Eiliv Steinnes and Irena Twardowska.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Apr 15:138699. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Laboratoire Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse, France.

A recent paper by Miszczak et al. (2020) examines metal contamination of mires in Poland and Norway. The authors conclude that lead (Pb) records in ombrotrophic peatlands cannot be used to reconstruct the chronological history of anthropogenic activities due to post-depositional mobility of the metal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138699DOI Listing

The top 10 original articles published in the Brazilian Archives of Cardiology and in the Portuguese Journal of Cardiology in 2019.

Rev Port Cardiol 2020 Mar 4;39(3):115-121. Epub 2020 May 4.

Instituto do Coração (InCor), Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil; Hospital do Coração (HCOR), São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.repc.2020.03.013DOI Listing

[Education and health: From practices to knowledge].

Rech Soins Infirm 2019 12(139):84-98

In this article, we propose to reconcile history and philosophy in order to study and analyze different health paradigms. Over the centuries, these paradigm shifts have influenced understandings in health and education and have also impacted practices. In this contribution, we engage both a historical and philosophical methodology and cross-compare the two. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/rsi.139.0084DOI Listing
December 2019

Dataset on the soils of medieval archaeological monuments in the forest-steppe zone of the East European plain.

Data Brief 2020 Jun 20;30:105555. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Kursk State Regional Museum of Archaeology, 6 Pionerov str., 305001 Kursk, Russia.

One of the natural archives that can save information about the environmental conditions of the past is soils buried under embankments of burial complexes. Due to isolation from external environmental factors soils retain information about the features of the natural environment at the time of its burial. In this work we present a dataset on soils buried under four mounds in the Middle Ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105555DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186509PMC