12,898 results match your criteria Archives Of Mechanics[Journal]


From the archives of MD Anderson Cancer Center: Concurrent BCR-ABL1 and CRLF2 rearrangements in B-lymphoblast phase of chronic myeloid leukemia.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Jun 5;53:151767. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States of America.

The t(9;22)(q34;q11.2), also known as the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, results in BCR-ABL1 fusion residing on the derivative chromosome 22. This translocation is characteristic of chronic myeloid leukemia, but also can occur in a substantial subset of B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cases. Read More

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Human papillomavirus in Italy: retrospective cohort analysis and preliminary vaccination effect from real-world data.

Eur J Health Econ 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Institute for Leadership and Management in Health, Kingston University London, London, UK.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to estimate the lifetime risk of hospitalization associated with all major human papillomavirus (HPV)-related diseases in Italy. Moreover, a preliminary vaccination effect was also performed.

Methods: A retrospective, nonrandomized, observational study was developed based on patients hospitalized between 2006 and 2018 in Italy. Read More

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Spatial and temporal changes in bomb radiocarbon in the northern Indian Ocean.

J Environ Radioact 2021 Jun 8;237:106680. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India.

For improved understanding of ocean circulation in the northern Indian Ocean region, long term continuous record of radiocarbon measurement is required. Limited radiocarbon records from the region demands investigations of natural archives. Coral core records along with some literature data were analysed to study the temporal changes in C values over the northern Indian Ocean. Read More

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Early LSD treatment in Denmark from 1960 to 1974: An analysis of possible and long-lasting changes in the adult personality following psychedelic treatment. A historical retrospective cohort study.

Authors:
Jens Knud Larsen

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26300

Department of Depression and Anxiety, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard, Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract: In view of the renewed interest in psychedelics in psychiatry it is timely to analyze psychedelic treatment in historical cohorts. Recently the therapeutic efficacy of psychedelics has been linked to the so-called phenomenon of "connectedness." The aim of the present study was to explore whether long-lasting personality changes were observed in any of the 151 Danish psychiatric patients who were treated with Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) from 1960 to 1974. Read More

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A systematic review of the impact of intensive care admissions on post discharge cognition in children.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Educational Development Research Department, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 40, 6229ER, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Understanding how hospitalization affects cognitive development is crucial to safeguard children's cognition; however, there is little research evaluating the associations between NICU or PICU hospitalization and survivors' cognition. The objective of this study is to identify and characterize the associations between a neonatal or pediatric ICU hospitalization and the short- and long-term cognition of survivors. The databases Cochrane Library, Medline, EBSCO, Embase, and Google Scholar and the journals JAMA Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatrics, Pediatrics, Archives of Disease in Childhood, Academic Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and Child Development were searched until April 2021. Read More

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Potential of AKT2 expression as a predictor of lymph-node metastasis in invasive breast carcinoma of no special type.

J Pathol Transl Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Drug Development Research Cluster, Human Cancer Research Center, IMERI, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Invasive breast carcinoma of no special type (IBC-NST) is the most common type of breast cancer and mainly causes regional lymph-node metastasis (LNM). We investigated the potential for AKT2 expression as a predictive biomarker for LNM in IBC-NST.

Materials And Methods: Forty-eight paraffin blocks containing IBC-NST primary tumors were divided into two groups based on presence or absence of LNM. Read More

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A biocodicological analysis of the medieval library and archive from Orval Abbey, Belgium.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Jun 2;8(6):210210. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Physics, and Heritage, Transmissions and Inheritances Institute, University of Namur, 61 rue de Bruxelles, Namur 5000, Belgium.

Biocodicological analysis of parchments from manuscript books and archives offers unprecedented insight into the materiality of medieval literacy. Using ZooMS for animal species identification, we explored almost the entire library and all the preserved single leaf charters of a single medieval Cistercian monastery (Orval Abbey, Belgium). Systematic non-invasive sampling of parchment collagen was performed on every charter and on the first bifolium from every quire of the 118 codicological units composing the books (1490 samples in total). Read More

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Bibliometrics and Visual Analysis of the Research Status and Trends of Postpartum Depression From 2000 to 2020.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:665181. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the international scientific output on postpartum depression (PPD) research during 2000-2020 through a bibliometric analysis and to explore research hotspots, frontiers, and trends in the field of postpartum depression. We searched the Web of Science Core Collection for publications on postpartum depression published between 2000 and 2020. CiteSpace, gCluto, and other software applications were used to analyze the data by year, journal, and country. Read More

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Fostering global data sharing: highlighting the recommendations of the Research Data Alliance COVID-19 working group.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 26;5:267. Epub 2021 May 26.

Laurentian University, Ontario, P3E 2C6, Canada.

The systemic challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic require cross-disciplinary collaboration in a global and timely fashion. Such collaboration needs open research practices and the sharing of research outputs, such as data and code, thereby facilitating research and research reproducibility and timely collaboration beyond borders. The Research Data Alliance COVID-19 Working Group recently published a set of recommendations and guidelines on data sharing and related best practices for COVID-19 research. Read More

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[Primary dysmenorrhea and psychological resources used by adolescent girls: observational study of 247 high school girls in Finistère].

Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Brest, 2 avenue Foch, 29200 Brest, France.

Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea affects 60% of adolescent girls between 14 and 19 years of age and higher rates of depression and absenteeism are found in these young women. Having developed a sense of coherence (SOC) protects against depression associated with and improves the experience of primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of the study was to describe the association between primary dysmenorrhea and SOC. Read More

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Occurrence and Distribution of Technology-Critical Elements in Recent Freshwater and Marine Pristine Lake Sediments in Croatia: A Case Study.

Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

The occurrence and vertical distribution of ten technology critical elements (TCEs) (Li, Nb, Sc, Ga, Y, La, Sb, Ge, Te, and W) were studied in sediment cores collected from remote freshwater and marine lakes (Plitvice, Visovac and Mir Lakes) in three protected areas of Croatia. These environmental archives were used to assess natural TCE levels in lake sediments and temporal trends in historical anthropogenic atmospheric deposition. TCE was determined after complete sediment digestion using high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR ICP-MS). Read More

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[Macau "Baimahang" Hospital: an early western medicine hospital in China].

Authors:
S Y Zhu

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2021 Mar;51(2):117-121

Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China Department of History, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.

The Macau Baimahang Hospital (Hospital de S. Rafael), took more than 400 years from 1569 to 1975 to develop as a comprehensive western medicine hospital , and is believed to be one of the earliest western medicine hospitals in China. Up to now, very little has been written about it as most of the records are kept in Macao, and few materials are recorded in Chinese. Read More

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The effects of publishing processes on scientific thought: Typography and typology in prehistoric archaeology (1950s-1990s).

Sci Context 2020 Sep;33(3):273-297

Centre Émile Durkheim, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

In the last decades, many changes have occurred in scientific publishing, including online publication, data repositories, file formats and standards. The role played by computers in this process rekindled the argument on forms of technical determinism. This paper addresses this old debate by exploring the case of publishing processes in prehistoric archaeology during the second part of the twentieth century, prior to the wide-scale adoption of computers. Read More

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September 2020

[Thoughts on Construction of Information System of Medical Device Variety Archives].

Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi 2021 Jun;45(3):310-314

Information Center of National Medical Products Administration, Beijing, 100053.

Objective: Thinking on the construction of the medical device type archives information system.

Methods: This paper introduces the concept and significance of medical device variety archives, and puts forward the overall construction idea and system framework of medical device variety archives by analyzing its construction difficulties.

Results: Considering the long-term nature and complexity of the construction of medical device variety archives, the system can be constructed in accordance with the three steps of system building, platform building and data management, and the overall technical architecture can be designed from the eight aspects of user layer, business application layer, application support layer, data resource layer, infrastructure layer, security, standards and operation and maintenance management. Read More

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Epithelioid Haemangioma of Bone: A Case Series and Comprehensive Literature Review Reappraising the Diagnostic Classification of All Epithelioid Vascular Neoplasms of Bone.

Cureus 2021 Jun 1;13(6):e15371. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Pathology, Woodland Hospital, Shillong, IND.

Epithelioid vascular neoplasms of the bone are classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) into only two tiers: low-grade epithelioid hemangioma (EH) and a more malignant category including both epithelioid hemangioendothelioma and epithelioid angiosarcoma. The World Health Organization defines bone EH as a locally aggressive neoplasm with no connotation of benign or intermediate malignancy. We reviewed three cases of EH in our lab archives with the perspective of appraising their histomorphological approach toward diagnosis. Read More

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Oral plasmablastic lymphoma: A clinicopathological study of 113 cases.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Oral Biology and Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive neoplasm that commonly develops in HIV-positive patients, usually affecting the oral cavity. EBV is present in the majority of cases, therefore playing an important role in the pathogenesis of this neoplasm.

Methods: PBL diagnosed from 2000 to 2020 were retrieved from the archives of the Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Biology at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. Read More

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The limits of the mathematization of the living and the idea of formal morphology of the living world following Husserlian phenomenology.

Authors:
Carlos Lobo

Theory Biosci 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Archives Husserl, UMR 8547, CNRS, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France.

Through a presentation and a commentary of Husserl's little-known analyses of mathematization in the life sciences and on morphology, this article proposes three goals. First, it aims at establishing the real meaning and results of the critical analyses of the mathematization in natural sciences and of exactness put forth as a standard of scientific knowledge that we read in the Krisis. As a result, it will appear that these analyses belong to the perspective of a project of a formal morphology, understood as an extension of mathesis. Read More

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Disorganization of intercalated discs in dilated cardiomyopathy.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 4;11(1):11852. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Cellular and Organ Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine, Akita University, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita, Akita, 010-8543, Japan.

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a primary myocardial disease, the pathology of which is left ventricular or biventricular dilation and impaired myocardial contractility. The clinical and pathological diagnosis of DCM is difficult, and other cardiac diseases must be ruled out. Several studies have reported pathological findings that are characteristic of DCM, including cardiomyocyte atrophy, nuclear pleomorphism, and interstitial fibrosis, but none of these findings are DCM-specific. Read More

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Deep learning-based prediction of future growth potential of technologies.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252753. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, Myongji University, Yongin, Korea.

Research papers are a repository of information on the various elements that make up science and technology R&D activities. Generating knowledge maps based on research papers enables identification of specific areas of scientific and technical research as well as understanding of the flow of knowledge between those areas. Recently, as the number of electronic publishing and informatics archives along with the amount of accumulated knowledge related to science and technology has proliferated, the need to utilize the meta-knowledge obtainable from research papers has increased. Read More

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The «Museum and Inclusive Fashion» Project. A Design for All Experience at the Balearic School of Art and Design.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 Jun;282:120-134

Escola d'Art i Superior de Disseny de les Illes Balears, Spain.

International regulations about Accessibility and Design for All are clear. They provide two guidelines to ensure equality, autonomy, and non-discrimination, such as Reasonable Accommodation and Universal Design (or Design for All). Reasonable Accommodation leads to Adapted Fashion, which adjusts clothing to the body (average clothes for the average consumer). Read More

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Social determinants of health are associated with physical therapy use: a systematic review.

Br J Sports Med 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Doctor of Physical Therapy, Duke University Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review is to identify and summarise the social determinants of health (SDH) cited in the literature and evaluate their association with individuals using physical therapy services.

Design: A systematic review using qualitatively synthesised information to describe the association between SDH and physical therapy use.

Data Sources: The electronic databases Medline, Embase and Scopus were searched from inception to February 2021, identifying observational and qualitative studies. Read More

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Possible Early Examples of Medical Tourism.

Am J Med Sci 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Neurosurgery Department, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, Altindag/Ankara, Turkey.

Health tourism has hundreds of years of history, most notably in visitors traveling to thermal baths. Medical tourism, a type of health tourism, has rapidly expanded in the last quarter century by patients travelling abroad to health centers for medical treatment. Because of lack of records in ancient times, the history of tourism for actual medical treatment is unknown. Read More

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Leveraging natural history biorepositories as a global, decentralized, pathogen surveillance network.

PLoS Pathog 2021 06 3;17(6):e1009583. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

University of New Mexico, Department of Biology and Museum of Southwestern Biology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America.

The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic reveals a major gap in global biosecurity infrastructure: a lack of publicly available biological samples representative across space, time, and taxonomic diversity. The shortfall, in this case for vertebrates, prevents accurate and rapid identification and monitoring of emerging pathogens and their reservoir host(s) and precludes extended investigation of ecological, evolutionary, and environmental associations that lead to human infection or spillover. Natural history museum biorepositories form the backbone of a critically needed, decentralized, global network for zoonotic pathogen surveillance, yet this infrastructure remains marginally developed, underutilized, underfunded, and disconnected from public health initiatives. Read More

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Measuring prognosis in chronic myeloid leukemia: what's new?

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 Jun 14:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Translational and Precision Medicine, Az. Policlinico Umberto I-Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

The outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase has changed after the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The life expectancy is actually similar to that of the general population. Prognostic stratification at baseline is part of a patient-centered approach to decide the best therapeutic approach. Read More

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Searching for the Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Neuroprotective Potential of Natural Food and Nutritional Supplements for Ocular Health in the Mediterranean Population.

Foods 2021 May 28;10(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Ophthalmic Research Unit "Santiago Grisolía" Foundation for the Promotion of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia FISABIO, 46017 Valencia, Spain.

Adherence to a healthy diet offers a valuable intervention to compete against the increasing cases of ocular diseases worldwide, such as dry eye disorders, myopia progression, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, or age macular degeneration. Certain amounts of micronutrients must be daily provided for proper functioning of the visual system, such as vitamins, carotenoids, trace metals and omega-3 fatty acids. Among natural foods, the following have to be considered for boosting eye/vision health: fish, meat, eggs, nuts, legumes, citrus fruits, nuts, leafy green vegetables, orange-colored fruits/vegetables, olives-olive oil, and dairy products. Read More

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Thymic Carcinomas and Second Malignancies: A Single-Center Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 19;13(10). Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Thymic carcinomas account for less than 0.01% of new cancer diagnoses annually and are more aggressive than thymomas. Autoimmune disorders have been associated with thymomas and only recently with thymic carcinomas. Read More

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The "Little MonSta" Deep-Sea Benthic, Precision Deployable, Multi-Sensor and Sampling Lander Array.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 12;21(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

P&O Maritime Logistics, Parkmore Business Park West, Galway, Ireland.

The "Little MonSta" benthic lander array consists of 8 ROV-deployable (remotely operated vehicle) instrumented lander platforms for monitoring physical and chemical oceanographic properties and particle sampling developed as part of the MMMonKey_Pro program (mapping, modeling, and monitoring key processes and controls in cold-water coral habitats in submarine canyons). The Little MonStas offer flexible solutions to meet the need to monitor marine benthic environments during a historically unprecedented time of climate-driven oceanic change, develop an understanding of meso-scale benthic processes (natural and man-made), and to calibrate geological environmental archives. Equipped with acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs), sediment traps, nylon settlement plates and homing beacons, the compact and upgradable lander platforms can be deployed by ROVs to precise locations in extreme terrains to a water depth of 3000 m. Read More

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Promoting corporate image or preventing underage use? Analysis of the advertising strategy and expenditures of the JUUL parent education for youth vaping prevention campaign.

Tob Control 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Public Health, National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: In April 2018, JUUL Labs announced a $30 million investment in efforts to combat underage use of its products through 'independent research, youth and parent education and community engagement'. Prior evidence demonstrates that tobacco industry-funded prevention programmes are ineffective and may work against tobacco control efforts; they do not discourage novices and youth from tobacco use but often improve the tobacco industry's public image. We describe the nature, timing of and expenditures related to the JUUL underage use prevention advertisements across media channels. Read More

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Rethinking the ecological drivers of hominin evolution.

Trends Ecol Evol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA.

A central goal of paleoanthropology is understanding the role of ecological change in hominin evolution. Over the past several decades researchers have expanded the hominin fossil record and assembled detailed late Cenozoic paleoclimatic, paleoenvironmental, and paleoecological archives. However, effective use of these data is precluded by the limitations of pattern-matching strategies for inferring causal relationships between ecological and evolutionary change. Read More

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