4,587 results match your criteria Archives Of Gerontology And Geriatrics[Journal]


The frequency of job participation and well-being of older people in Japan: Results from JAGES study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 12;102:104720. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Global Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan. Electronic address:

We investigated the association between the frequency of job participation and well-being among older people in Japan, using data from a prospective nation-wide survey, the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES). The frequency of work was classified into "not working," "sometimes or less" (≤3 times/week), and "often or more" (≥4 times/week), and we conducted binary and continuous outcome analyses using logistic or Poisson regression and linear regression. After adjusting for covariates, we have found that participants who worked "often or more" and "sometimes or less" were less likely to display poor subjective health (often or more = odds ratio (OR): 0. Read More

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Potentially inappropriate medications increase while prevalence of polypharmacy/hyperpolypharmacy decreases in Japan: A comparison of nationwide prescribing data.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 12;102:104733. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Community Healthcare and Geriatrics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8560, Japan.

Background: To elucidate recent prescription trends for older adults and the background underlying changes over time with a particular focus on the prevalence of polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs).

Methods: We cross-sectionally collected prescription data of patients aged ≧65 years who visited chain pharmacies dispensing prescribed drugs from all types of outpatient settings for one month in two sampling periods (October, 2014 and December, 2019), and the data were analysed. Prevalence of polypharmacy and factors associated with PIMs between the two periods were investigated. Read More

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Temporal trends in cognitive function among community-dwelling older adults in Japan: Findings from the ILSA-J integrated cohort study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 11;102:104718. Epub 2022 May 11.

National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan; Institute of Gerontology, J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: As the population ages, it is important to consider whether older adults tend to have healthier lives. This study examined temporal trends in cognitive function among community-dwelling Japanese older adults.

Methods: The data source for this study was Integrated Longitudinal Studies on Aging in Japan (ILSA-J). Read More

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Health effects of loneliness and social isolation in older adults living in congregate long term care settings: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 13;102:104728. Epub 2022 May 13.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA, 01605, USA.

Background: Mounting evidence of loneliness and negative health impacts has placed loneliness among the "geriatric giants" in need of intervention by the healthcare system.

Objective: To evaluate the literature regarding the health impact of loneliness among older adults living in congregate living settings (i.e. Read More

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Moderate exercise combined with metformin-treatment improves mitochondrial bioenergetics of the quadriceps muscle of old female Wistar rats.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 11;102:104717. Epub 2022 May 11.

Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, A.P. 55-535, Iztapalapa C.P 09340, Mexico. Electronic address:

Sarcopenia is a syndrome that leads to physical disability and that deteriorates elderly people´s life quality. The etiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, but mitochondrial dysfunction plays a paramount role in this pathology. Our research group has shown that the combined treatment of metformin (MTF) and exercise has beneficial effects for preventing muscle loss and fat accumulation, by modulating the redox state. Read More

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Caring in the time of COVID-19, longitudinal trends in well-being and mental health in carers in Ireland: Evidence from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 10;102:104719. Epub 2022 May 10.

The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland; Mercer's Institute for Successful Ageing, St James' Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 resulted in the older population being asked to remain at home and avoid other people outside their household. This could have implications for both receipt and provision of informal caring.

Objective: To determine if informal care provision by older carers changed during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic from pre-pandemic care and if this was associated with a change in mental health and well-being of carers. Read More

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Sex-different changes of body composition in aging: a systemic review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 5;102:104711. Epub 2022 May 5.

Elderly Frailty Research Center, Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: Aging causes changes in body composition, in which differences in the distribution and amount of fat and muscle tissue affect the development of various diseases according to sex. We conducted a systemic review of the literature and examined the relationship between body composition differences and related health conditions or diseases in older men and women.

Methods: Three different electronic databases (MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Embase) were used to find articles from 2000 until March 2022. Read More

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Differences related to aging in sensorimotor knowledge: Investigation of perceptual strength and body object interaction.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 7;102:104715. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium; Research Institute for Health Sciences and Technologies, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium; Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Psychophysiology and Cognitive Electrophysiology, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium.

Embodied approach postulates that knowledge and conceptual representations are grounded in action and perception. In order to investigate the involvement of sensorimotor information in conceptual and cognitive processing, researchers have collected various norms in young adults. For instance, the perceptual strength (PS) assesses perceptual experience (i. Read More

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Handgrip strength asymmetry is associated with slow gait speed and poorer standing balance in older Americans.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 7;102:104716. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Education, Health and Behavior Studies, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA; Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity, Allied Health and Human Performance, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

Introduction: Handgrip strength (HGS) asymmetry may help identify the functional asymmetries that contribute to mobility limitations. We sought to determine the associations of HGS asymmetry on gait speed and standing balance in older Americans.

Materials And Methods: The analytic sample included 8,396 adults aged ≥65-years for the last wave in which they participated in the 2006-2016 Health and Retirement Study. Read More

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A multistrain probiotic improves handgrip strength and functional capacity in patients with COPD: A randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 May 10;102:104721. Epub 2022 May 10.

Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Purpose: The age-related muscle loss, termed sarcopenia and functional dependency, are common findings in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, an effective bedside treatment remains elusive.

Objective: To assess the effects of probiotics on sarcopenia and physical capacity in COPD patients. Read More

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Associations of sleep duration with the incidence of needed support/long-term care certification according to presence or absence of sleep complaints in community-dwelling Japanese older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104712. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Public Health, Kochi University Medical School, Nankoku, Kochi, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Evidence on the variability of associations between sleep duration and incident disability according to the presence or absence of sleep complaints is limited. This study assessed the associations between sleep durations and disability incidence stratified by the presence or absence of sleep complaints.

Methods: A total of 3,896 community-dwelling Japanese adults aged ≥65 years were observed for 37 months after the self-reporting of sleep duration and sleep complaints. Read More

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Validation and comparison of fall screening tools for predicting future falls among older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104713. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

NORC at the University of Chicago, United States.

Background: Falls are the leading cause of injuries among older adults in the United States (US). Falls are preventable and clinicians are advised to screen for fall risk yearly. There are many falls screening tools and not all have been validated for their ability to predict future falls. Read More

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Are older adults still being described as the elderly in the medical literature?

Authors:
Malcolm Koo

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104714. Epub 2022 May 2.

Graduate Institute of Long-term Care, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology, Hualien City, Hualien 970302, Taiwan; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada. Electronic address:

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Characteristics of community-dwelling older individuals who delayed care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Authors:
Ling Na

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104710. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

School of Population Health, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Disruptions and reductions in healthcare services, coupled with infection concerns in the public, have caused widespread delay in health care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Persons with disability were at increased risk for deferred care. This study aimed to examine the extent of delayed care among older US individuals by disability status, identify characteristics associated with delayed care, and explore potential barriers to care during the pandemic. Read More

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Association of social isolation and smartphone use on cognitive functions.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104706. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi 474-8511, Japan.

Background: The number of socially isolated older adults has increased owing to the coronavirus disease pandemic, thus leading to a decrease in cognitive functions among this group. Smartphone use is expected to be a reasonable preventive measure against cognitive decline in this social context. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the influence of social isolation and smartphone use on cognitive functions in community-dwelling older adults. Read More

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Physical, social, and dietary behavioral changes during the COVID-19 crisis and their effects on functional capacity in older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104708. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Research Team for Social Participation and Community Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, 35-2 Sakae, Itabashi, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.

Background: This two-year follow-up study aimed to identify factors associated with unhealthy behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic and examine their impact on functional capacity in older adults.

Methods: Altogether, 536 adults aged ≥65 years participated in this study. The frequency of going out, exercise habits, face-to-face and non-face-to-face interactions, social participation, and eating habits were examined as behavioral factors before and after the first declaration of a state of emergency in Japan. Read More

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Urbanization and population aging: Converging trends of demographic transitions in modern world.

Authors:
Liang-Kung Chen

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104709. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Center for Healthy Longevity and Aging Sciences, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan; Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; Taipei Municipal Gan-Dau Hospital (Managed by Taipei Veterans General Hospital), Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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Personally tailored exercises for improving physical outcomes for older adults in the community: A systematic review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104707. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

School of Nursing, Jilin University, No.965 Xinjiang Street, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify the effects of personally tailored exercise programmes for improving physical outcomes amongst older people living in the community.

Methods: Four databases (the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science) were searched (from inception until Jan 25th, 2022) for original articles. All studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental trials reporting the effects of personally tailored exercise programmes on physical outcomes. Read More

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Dermal advanced glycation end-product accumulation is associated with sarcopenia-related measures in middle-aged and older men.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104704. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Department of Neurology and Geriatric Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon city, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.

Aims: Sarcopenia is the age-associated atrophy of muscles, and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) accumulate in patients with age-associated diseases. We aimed to investigate the relationship between AGE accumulation in the skin and sarcopenia in middle-aged and older Japanese people.

Materials And Methods: We enrolled 240 participants in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Frailty and types of social relationships among older adults in 17 European countries: A latent class analysis.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104705. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Frailty is a syndrome commonly associated with old age. Social relationships are an essential determinant of frailty progression, and frailty can negatively affect social relationships.

Objectives: To identify social relationship types among older adults in Europe; to evaluate whether social relationship types differ across European regions; and to assess the association between frailty status and social relationship type. Read More

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The longitudinal associations between proximity to local grocery shops and functional ability in the very old living with and without multimorbidity: Results from the Newcastle 85+ study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104703. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies (CURDS), Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Backgrounds: The very old, people aged ≥85, is a fast-growing age group with high risk of disability and dependence. To identify environmental factors that support maintenance of functional ability, the aim of this study is to investigate the longitudinal associations between proximity to local grocery shops and the ability to shop for groceries in the very old and to examine the potential variation between those living with and without multimorbidity.

Methods: This study was based on the Newcastle 85+ study, a population-based cohort of people aged 85 in North-East England. Read More

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Empowering people with dementia via using intelligent assistive technology: A scoping review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104699. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Over the past decade, the idea has been promoted that intelligent assistive technology (IAT) can empower people with dementia. As a new area of inquiry, however, the concept of empowerment and the impact of IAT in this context are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted a scoping review to examine the conceptualizing and measuring of empowerment, as well as to understand the impact of IAT on empowering people with dementia in the existing studies. Read More

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Mobility during walking and incidence and risk factors for mobility decline among institutionalized older adults: A two-year longitudinal study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104702. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Collective Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil; Institute Envelhecer, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze the trajectory of changes in mobility during walking (i.e., maintenance and recovery) of institutionalized older adults and verify the incidence and risk factors for mobility decline. Read More

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Predictors of emergency department visit among people with dementia in Taiwan.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104701. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Faculty of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan; Division of General Neurology, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Brain Research Center, National Yang-Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: We aimed to identify predictors of emergency department (ED) visit by people with dementia (PWDs) and their caregivers with a one-year follow-up in a country with public health system.

Methods: Data were collected from a national dementia registration survey. Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was used. Read More

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Corrigendum to 'Taking care of older caregivers who lose control: The association between mastery and psychopathology.' Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 101C (2022) 104687.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104700. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Social and Mental Health Care, Public Health Service Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry & Psychosocial Care, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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Impacts of intervals between sequential development of depression and dementia in older adults: A nationwide population-based study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104693. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Depression has been reported as a risk factor for dementia, as well as the continuation of dementia development. This study aimed to stratify older people with dementia (PwD) into three groups (no depression, early depression and recent depression) to compare their inpatient health care utilization and to explore related clinical impacts.

Methods: Overall, 11,612 PwD were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database and were further divided into 9,257 PwD without depression, 1,179 PwD with recent depression (< 2 years from dementia diagnosis), and 1,176 PwD with early depression (> 2 years from dementia diagnosis). Read More

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Frailty as a predictor of clinical problems and events that require elderly patients with heart failure to use health resources.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104698. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Internal Medicine Service. Hospitals of Valme and El Tomillar. Seville (Spain). Electronic address:

Background: The clinical management of elderly patients with heart failure (HF) is not firmly established. Decision-making should be individualized depending on the biological deterioration of each patient, from aggressive management to a palliative approach. Frailty can serve as the basis for this comprehensive individualized management. Read More

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Specific depressive symptoms are related with different patterns of alcohol use in community-dwelling older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104696. Epub 2022 Mar 27.

South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Objectives: To explore how individual depressive symptoms might contribute to different patterns of alcohol consumption in Colombian older adults living in the community.

Methods: A Secondary analysis from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of more than 23,000 older adults, with data from 19,004 participants. Drinking frequency, and level (moderate or heavy drinking) were used to assess alcohol use and depressive symptoms explored with the 15 items-GDS. Read More

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Digital skills training for older people: The importance of the 'lifeworld'.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104695. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

TOR Research group, Department of Sociology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, Brussel 1050, Belgium.

When everyday life becomes ever more permeated by digital technologies, many older people join ICT trainings to improve their digital skills. Given that digital skills include more than the command of technology (for instance, changing social practices) teaching ICT to people who grew up long before internet and social media can be challenging. The purpose of this article is to propose a theoretical account of a key element for how teaching digital skills to older people can be made successful. Read More

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Corrigendum to 'Transition to frailty in Japanese older people during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a prospective cohort study' [Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022; 98: 104562].

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jul-Aug;101:104655. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Care, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, 501 Naka Orui-machi, Takasaki-shi, Gunma 370-0033, Japan.

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