1,959 results match your criteria Archives Of Clinical Neuropsychology[Journal]


Predicting Early Mild Cognitive Impairment With Free Recall: The Primacy of Primacy.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

Objectives: Serial position effects have been found to discriminate between normal and pathological aging, and to predict conversion from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Different scoring methods have been used to estimate the accuracy of these predictions. In the current study, we investigated delayed primacy as predictor of progression to early MCI over established diagnostic memory methods. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz013DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Free Recall of Bound Information Held in Short-Term Memory is Unimpaired by Age and Education.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh Campus, Edinburgh, UK.

Objectives: It has been challenging to identify cognitive markers to differentiate healthy brain aging from neurodegeneration due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) that are not affected by age and education. The Short-Term Memory Binding (STMB) showed not to be affected by age or education when using the change detection paradigm. However, no previous study has tested the effect of age and education using the free recall paradigm of the STMB. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz015DOI Listing

Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ): Normative Data and Utility in Assessing Acquired Neurological Impairment.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Population Health Research Institute, St. George's, University of London, London, UK.

Objective: The Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ) is a measure designed to assess acquired cognitive, emotional, and physical complaints. The present study sought to develop a normative database to allow clinicians and researchers to assess self-reported complaints among people with disabilities, and evaluate the response consistency and validity of their self-report.

Method: 404 community-dwelling participants (n 200 males, 204 females) completed the PPQ, as well as an acquired brain injury (ABI) group (n 59), mainly following stroke and traumatic brain injuries, and seen for clinical (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy069DOI Listing

An Examination of Semantic Impairment in Amnestic MCI and AD: What Can We Learn From Verbal Fluency?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Département de Psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Canada H3C 3P8.

Introduction: The Verbal Fluency Test (VF) is commonly used in neuropsychology. Some studies have demonstrated a marked impairment of semantic VF compared to phonemic VF in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) is associated with increased risk of conversion to incident AD, it is relevant to examine whether a similar impairment is observed in this population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz018DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Half of Purposeful Baseline Sandbaggers Undetected by ImPACT's Embedded Invalidity Indicators.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Butler University, Department of Health Sciences, Indianapolis, IN 46208, USA.

Objective: The main objectives of this study were to determine how accurately the embedded invalidity indicators (EIIs) identify purposeful underperformers on the baseline Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT); and to assess the effectiveness of each individual EII.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in which all participants completed a baseline ImPACT assessment. Participants were randomized into a control or purposeful underperformance (sandbagging) group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Concussion History and Career Status Influence Performance on Baseline Assessments in Elite Football Players.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Baylor Scott & White Institute for Rehabilitation, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: To determine if concussion history and career status is associated with neurocognitive performance in elite football players.

Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional single assessment. Fifty-seven elite football players (age 29. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz012DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cognitive Theory of Mind Influences Destination Memory: Evidence from Normal Aging and Alzheimer's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Social Sciences and Psychology & Marcs Institute for Brain and Behaviour, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia.

Objective: Theory of mind and destination memory are social abilities that require processing the attributes of interlocutors. Empirical research has demonstrated a relationship between performance on both abilities in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We therefore investigated whether processing attributes of interlocutors would result in better destination memory in AD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz010DOI Listing

No Linear Association Between Number of Concussions or Years Played and Cognitive Outcomes in Retired NFL Players.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: The aim of the current study is to examine whether concussion history and years played are linearly associated with cognitive outcomes in retired National Football League (NFL) players.

Method: Thirty-five retired NFL players over the age of 50 who had sustained at least one concussion completed a clinical interview and brief neuropsychological battery. Correlational analyses were conducted between exposure variables [number of total concussions, concussions with loss of consciousness (LOC), and years played] and cognitive performance as characterized by cognitive composite scores based on performance on neuropsychological measures (attention/processing speed, language, memory, and overall composite scores). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Does the Key Task Measure Prospective Memory? Cautionary Findings from Parallel Studies in HIV Disease and Older Adults.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: Despite its brevity and face validity, little is known about the construct validity of the naturalistic "Key Task" of prospective memory (PM), in which an examinee is instructed to remind the examiner at a designated time to retrieve keys (or another belonging) placed out of sight.

Method: Study 1 included 162 HIV+ and 52 HIV- comparison participants who completed the Key Task alongside well-validated measures of PM and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery that included everyday functioning measures. Study 2 used broadly parallel methods in 168 older community-dwelling Australians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz009DOI Listing

Factors Associated with Māori Performance on the WAIS-IV.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

(Ngāti Maniapoto). Biostatistics Unit, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Neuropsychological tests are routinely used to assess Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, yet very few investigations of the psychometric properties of these tests with this population have been conducted. This paper focuses on factors that may impact performance of Māori adults on neuropsychological testing. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (WAIS-IV) was administered to a sample of 284 Māori stratified for age (between 16 years and 90 years) and gender in order to establish a Māori normative data set. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy110DOI Listing
February 2019

A Cross-Sectional Investigation of Cognition and Ultrasound-Based Vascular Strain Indices.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Objective: We examine the relationship between variability in the plaque strain distribution estimated using ultrasound with multiple cognitive domains including executive, language, visuospatial reasoning, and memory function.

Method: Asymptomatic (n = 42) and symptomatic (n = 34) patients with significant (>60%) carotid artery stenosis were studied for plaque instability using ultrasound strain imaging and multiple cognitive domains including executive, language, visuospatial reasoning, and memory function. Correlation and ROC analyses were performed between ultrasound strain indices and cognitive function. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Using Rates of Low Scores to Assess Agreement between Brief Computerized Neuropsychological Assessment Batteries: A Clinically-based Approach for Psychometric Comparisons.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Intrepid Spirit, Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC, USA.

Objective: To assess agreement between four brief computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (CNTs), ANAM, CogState, CNS Vital Signs, and ImPACT, by comparing rates of low scores.

Methods: Four hundred and six US Army service members (SMs) with and without acute mild traumatic brain injury completed two randomly assigned CNTs with order of administration also randomly assigned. We performed a base rate analysis for each CNT to determine the proportions of SMs in the control and mTBI groups who had various numbers of scores that were 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz004DOI Listing
February 2019

Factor Analysis of the Texas Functional Living Scale in an Outpatient Clinical Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Objective: Prior factor analysis of the Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS), a performance-based measure of functional abilities, in a military veteran sample supported four factors discrepant from the published subscales. This study analyzed TFLS factor structure in a non-veteran clinical sample.

Method: Two hundred seventy adult outpatients completed the TFLS during neuropsychological evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz005DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Visual Object Perception in Premanifest and Early Manifest Huntington's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Objective: In Huntington's disease (HD), a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, cognitive impairment in early disease stages mainly involves executive dysfunction. However, visual cognitive deficits have additionally been reported and are of clinical relevance given their influence on daily life and overall cognitive performance. This study aimed to assess visual perceptual skills in HD gene carriers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

SCAT5 vs. SCAT3 Symptom Reporting Differences and Convergent Validity in Collegiate Athletes.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 23. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University Athletic Association, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States.

Objective: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), fifth Edition, Symptom Evaluation (S5SE) differs from previous versions by having examinees report trait (i.e. "typical" feelings) as opposed to state (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz007DOI Listing
February 2019

General Educational Development (GED) and Educational Attainment Equivalency for Demographically Adjusted Norms.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objective: To investigate whether the General Educational Development (GED) certificate should be considered equivalent to a standard 12-year high school education when performing demographic corrections on neuropsychological performance levels. If the GED certificate and high school diploma reflect comparable levels of educational achievement, then performance on the Test of Premorbid Function (TOPF) and selected WAIS-IV indices should not differ between groups.

Method: Archival neuropsychology data were reviewed to identify patients who either (1) did not complete high school and did not subsequently obtain a GED, (2) did not complete high school but subsequently obtained a GED, or (3) completed high school and did not obtain any further formal education. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unique Effects of Perceived Neighborhood Physical Disorder and Social Cohesion on Episodic Memory and Semantic Fluency.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: Objective measures of neighborhood quality are associated with physical and mental health outcomes for older adults, but the relationship between perceived neighborhood quality and cognitive health has not been fully explored. Furthermore, positive and negative neighborhood characteristics may influence cognition through different mechanisms. The present study aimed to determine whether perceptions of neighborhood quality predict cognitive functioning in two domains, above and beyond individual-level risk factors, in a nationally representative sample of older adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy098DOI Listing
February 2019

Announcement Continuing Education Online Annoucement Gregory P. Lee, Editor-in-Chief.

Authors:

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb;34(1)

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy108DOI Listing
February 2019

Duration of Fame and Extent of Semantic Knowledge of Famous Names in Cognitively Intact Older Adults.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective: The greater resilience of older memories relative to recent memories has primarily been demonstrated in clinical groups, but this phenomenon has been less extensively examined in cognitively intact older adults. Additionally, most studies of person-identity have only examined recognition or familiarity of a famous face or name, and there has been less systematic study of access to more specific person-identity semantic knowledge. The current study examined the effect of both memory age and extent of semantic knowledge on famous name recognition and retrieval of person-identity biographical information in healthy older adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy109DOI Listing
January 2019

Widespread Cognitive Deficits in Alcoholism Persistent Following Prolonged Abstinence: An Updated Meta-analysis of Studies That Used Standardised Neuropsychological Assessment Tools.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: This study presents an updated meta-analysis replicating the study of (Stavro, K., Pelletier, J., & Potvin, S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy106DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Refined Measurement of Verbal Learning and Memory: Application of Item Response Theory to California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) Learning Trials.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate how items contained within the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II; Delis, D. C., Kramer, J. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy097DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS): Normative Data for Older Adults.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia.

Objective: Provide updated older adult (ages 60+) normative data for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), Form A, using regression techniques, and corrected for education, age, and gender.

Method: Participants (aged 60-93 years; N = 415) were recruited through the Healthy Ageing Research Program (HARP), University of Western Australia, and completed Form A of the RBANS as part of a wider neuropsychological test battery. Regression-based techniques were used to generate normative data rather than means-based methods. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy102DOI Listing
January 2019

The Functional Status Examination in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A TRACK-TBI Sub-Study.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: The Functional Status Examination (FSE) is a comprehensive measure of functional status post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) that has primarily been used in studies of moderate-to-severe TBI. The present observational study examines functional status using the FSE among patients who sustained mild TBIs (mTBIs; defined as Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] = 13-15 at admission) seen in a Level 1 trauma center. Study aims included examining the course of functional status following mTBI, as well as exploring relationships of the FSE and other relevant constructs among those with GCS = 13-15. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy103DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

The Influence of Demographic and Child Characteristics on Referral for Neuropsychological Evaluation.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: A number of studies have documented the benefits of neuropsychological evaluation as a tool for understanding brain-behavior relationships in various childhood disorders; however, little is known about the process by which children are referred for neuropsychological evaluation. From a systems perspective, it is important to understand whether there are identifiable referral patterns, and if so, how being aware of such patterns could shape the behavior of providers making those referrals. We aim to examine child characteristics that influence referral for neuropsychological evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy107DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Examination of Regression-based Discrepancy Scores for the RBANS in Detecting Cognitive Impairment from an Archival Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, University of Texas Health Northeast, TX, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of regression-based formulas for the RBANS indexes in screening for cognitive impairment.

Method: A database of neuropsychological test results was created from archival records in a memory assessment clinic. The sample consisted of 83 individuals (37 males/46 females) with an average age of 70. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy100DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

A.R. Luria's Approach to Neuropsychological Assessment and Rehabilitation.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

Luria is one of the most influential authors in cognitive neuroscience, and in particular neuropsychology. New scientific achievements and clinical observations have significantly supported many of his suggestions and hypotheses. The article describes the basic concepts of neuropsychological evaluation and rehabilitation, associated with the method of syndrome analysis developed by Luria for diagnosis mental function and focus in the qualitative interpretation of the results neuropsychological diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy095DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Integrative Care Models in Neuropsychology: A National Academy of Neuropsychology Education Paper.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Mar;34(2):141-151

University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Although collaborative, and more specifically, integrated models of care have existed for years, the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act expanded their use, and Medicare has adopted a value-based payment system that further emphasizes service provision within the collaborative health care setting. Neuropsychology as a field is well-situated to work within the integrated health care setting, which presents both opportunities and challenges for clinical neuropsychologists. This education paper details how different neuropsychology clinical practice settings fit into an integrated care framework; discusses challenges to service delivery and fiscal viability in such settings and other health care related settings; and examines future directions for the role of neuropsychology within a dynamic health care system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy092DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

APOE-ε4 Genotype is Associated with Elevated Post-Concussion Symptoms in Military Veterans with a Remote History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS); San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: We evaluated the influence of the APOE-ε4 allele on post-concussive symptoms in military Veterans with a remote history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Method: Participants (N = 77) were administered neuropsychiatric measures, on average, approximately 5 years following their most recent mTBI and provided a DNA sample for APOE genotyping. Veterans were divided into two groups based on their ε4 status (n = 14 ε4+, n = 63 ε4-). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy082DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Deriving an Adolescent Executive Behavior Screener from the Behavior Assessment System for Children-2.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Objective: Typical executive functioning (EF) measurements do not reflect the complexity of daily life. We derived an executive behavior screener from the BASC-2-PRS-A using a previously derived four-component model of EF and provided support for the use of the screener in adolescent populations.

Methods: A total of 2,722 census-matched American adolescents were sampled. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy090DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Does the Neurological Damage from a Traumatic Brain Injury Invalidate Measures of Psychopathology Such as the MMPI-2?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2019 Feb;34(1):39-49

Private Practice, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: The Gass correction model removes 14 items from the MMPI-2 which refer to neurological damage when assessing a person suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous analysis supported ongoing inclusion of the five correction items from MMPI-2 Hs scale in individuals who suffered a TBI. This study investigates the remaining nine correction model items on the Hy and Sc scales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acx079DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Association between the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Functional Activity Questionnaire in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT).

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: To examine the association of global cognitive function assessed via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and deficiencies in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) on the Functional Activity Questionnaire (FAQ) in hypertensive older adults in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT).

Methods: In cross-sectional analysis, 9,296 SPRINT participants completed the MoCA at baseline. The FAQ was obtained from 2,705 informants for SPRINT participants scoring <21 or <22 on the MoCA, depending on education. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy094DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Detection of Mild Cognitive Impairment Among Community-Dwelling African Americans Using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX USA.

Objective: To establish a cut score for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) that distinguishes mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from normal cognition (NC) in a community-based African American (AA) sample.

Methods: A total of 135 AA participants, from a larger aging study, diagnosed MCI (n = 90) or NC (n = 45) via consensus diagnosis using clinical history, Clinical Dementia Rating score, and comprehensive neuropsychological testing. Logistic regression models utilized sex, education, age, and MoCA score to predict MCI versus NC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy091DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Medication Management Capacity and Its Neurocognitive Correlates in Huntington's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA.

Objective: Although medication management is a necessary daily activity for individuals with Huntington's disease (HD), medication management abilities and their relation to cognitive functioning have not been evaluated.

Method: Twenty individuals with HD and 20 healthy adults (HA) completed the Medication Management Abilities Assessment (MMAA). Individuals with HD also completed a self-report medication management measure and neuropsychological tests assessing executive function, retrospective memory, and prospective memory. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy093DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Relative impacts of mild and major neurocognitive disorder on rate of verbal learning acquisition.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Objective: The California Verbal Learning Test-second edition (CVLT-II) learning slope index may signal the presence of cognitive impairment, though the relative impacts of mild (MiND) and major (MaND) neurocognitive disorders on the rate of verbal learning acquisition remain unknown.

Methods: Latent intercept-only, linear, quadratic, and exponential models were fit to raw scores for the five CVLT-II learning trials of 197 veterans. Dummy-coded variables reflecting MiND and MaND predicted the growth factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy089DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Exaggerated Functional Impairment due to Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Canadian Imaging Research Centre, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

Objective: Functional impairment associated with Neurocognitive Disorder is often claimed in medico-legal settings after mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). This case-control study examined self-reported functional impairment and the plausibility of chronic disability claims following uncomplicated mTBI.

Method: Independent Medical Evaluations included a battery of performance and symptom validity tests, along with self-reports of physical or emotional complaints and functional impairment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy086DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Validity of the ImPACT Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) Affective Symptom Cluster as a Screener for Depression in Collegiate Athletes.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA.

Objective: The relationship between depression and sports-related concussion is complex and has implications both pre- and post-injury. The current study established the construct validity, convergent and discriminant, of the affective symptom cluster of The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) post-concussion symptom scale (PCSS) as a screening tool for depression.

Method: Nine hundred and thirty (M = 695, F = 235) college athletes were assessed at baseline using the ImPACT PCSS and Beck-Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy081DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Neurocognition in Post-Treatment Lyme Disease and Major Depressive Disorder.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Lyme Disease Research Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Neurocognitive dysfunction in patients with residual or emergent symptoms after treatment for Lyme Disease is often attributed to comorbid depression. In this study, patients with Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS) were compared to patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), as well as healthy comparison subjects (HC), on neurocognitive measures administered through the same laboratory, to determine if patterns of performance were similar.

Methods: Two analyses were conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy083DOI Listing
November 2018
33 Reads

Neuropsychological And Psychopathological Profile Of Anti-Nmdar Encephalitis: A Possible Pathophysiological Model For Pediatric Neuropsychiatric Disorders.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Child Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Pediatric University Hospital, via Giustiniani n.3, Padua, Italy.

Objective: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a severe, but treatable, autoimmune disorder, characterized by autoantibodies causing hypofunction of blocking NMDA receptors leading to a unique constellation of cognitive, motor, and psychiatric symptoms. Neuropsychological and psychopathological outcome has not been fully explored, particularly in children. Aim of this study was to investigate pediatric anti-NMDAR encephalitis as a model of impairment of the complex frontal-subcortical circuits who are implicated in several of the childhood neuropsychiatric disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy088DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Volumes of the Hippocampal Formation Differentiate Component Processes of Memory in a Community Sample of Homeless and Marginally Housed Persons.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Objective: Persons who are homeless or marginally housed exhibit significant cognitive dysfunction, with memory being the most impaired domain. Hippocampal subfield volumes have been found to differentially relate to component processes of memory. The neural correlates of memory have not been previously examined in marginalized persons who are understudied and underserved. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy066DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads
1.990 Impact Factor

Wait, There's a Baby in this Bath Water! Update on Quantitative and Qualitative Cut-Offs for Rey 15-ITEM Recall and Recognition.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.

Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of Rey 15-item plus recognition data in a large neuropsychological sample.

Method: Rey 15-item plus recognition scores were compared in credible (n = 138) and noncredible (n = 353) neuropsychology referrals.

Results: Noncredible patients scored significantly worse than credible patients on all Rey 15-item plus recognition scores. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy087DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

New Perspectives on Emotional Processing in People with Symptomatic Huntington's Disease: Impaired Emotion Regulation and Recognition of Emotional Body Language.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

Objective: Emotion regulation and emotional body language (EBL) recognition represent two fundamental components of emotional processing that have recently seen a considerable surge in research interest, in part due to the role they play in optimizing mental health. This appears to be particularly true for clinical conditions that can profoundly affect emotional functioning. Among these is Huntington's disease (HD), a neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with several psychological difficulties and cognitive impairments, including well-established deficits in facial emotion recognition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy085DOI Listing
November 2018

ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Coding for Neuropsychological Assessment.

Authors:
Suzan Uysal

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: This paper summarizes the basic principles of diagnosis coding for neuropsychological evaluation of patients with known or suspected brain injury or disease.

Method: The resources forming the basis of this article are the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) and the ICD-10-CM Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting.

Conclusion: Diagnosis codes are used to communicate the specific reason for health care encounters and the conditions treated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy084DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Comparing Self to Peers in Percentile Equivalents during Cognitive Testing: More Accurate Self-Appraisal Estimates are Associated with Greater Ability and Less Reliance on the Representativeness Heuristic.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond VA, USA.

Objective: For individuals with neurologic disorders, self-awareness of cognitive impairment is associated with indicators of better treatment course and clinical outcomes. Lower self-appraisal accuracy has been found to be associated with impairments in neuropsychological test performance, but individuals who perform unusually well may be equally vulnerable to inaccurate self-ratings. The mixed pattern of cognitive strengths and deficits in individuals with neurologic disorders complicates development of formal metrics for assessment of self-awareness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy077DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology: Recent Developments and Documents From the Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy.

Authors:
Glenn Smith

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 May;34(3):418-431

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy (CNS) interfaces with the American Psychological Association and affiliated organizations to address issues and advances in specialty training. The past several years have seen the development and dissemination of several initiatives pertinent to specialty training. Among these initiatives was the creation of a taxonomy for education and training in clinical neuropsychology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://academic.oup.com/acn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/arc
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445043PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Executive Functioning and Functional Impairment Among Pediatric Cancer Survivors and Controls.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Objective: To examine the impact of cancer treatment upon neurocognitive and functional impairment; and to explore the relationship between these constructs in pediatric cancer survivors compared to controls.

Method: A cross-sectional cohort of survivors (n = 26) and controls (n = 53) was included. Survivors were off treatment an average of 6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acy079DOI Listing
October 2018