2,058 results match your criteria Archives Of Clinical Neuropsychology[Journal]


Acceptability and Usability of Computerized Cognitive Assessment Among Australian Indigenous Residents of the Torres Strait Islands.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the acceptability and usability of the Cogstate Brief Battery (CBB) in a community-based sample of Australian Indigenous people from the Torres Strait region, based on a user experience framework of human-computer interaction.

Methods: Two-hundred community participants completed the four subtests of the CBB on an iPad platform, during a free adult health check on two islands in the region, between October and December 2016. Acceptability was defined as completing the learning trial of a task and usability as continuing a task through to completion, determined by examiner acumen and internal Cogstate completion and integrity criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa037DOI Listing

Is Obesity Related to Processing Speed Impairment in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Results of a Large-Scale, Multicenter Study.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Obesity is linked to greater physical disability and increased comorbidities among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Its contribution to cognition in this group is unclear. This observational study examines the link between obesity and processing speed in a large sample of patients with MS (PwMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa003DOI Listing

Network Structure of Physical, Cognitive, and Emotional Symptoms at Preseason Baseline in Student Athletes with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Objective: Preexisting attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be a risk factor for worse outcome following sport-related concussion. We used a statistical and psychometric approach known as network analysis to examine the architecture of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms at preseason baseline among student athletes with ADHD.

Method: A cohort of 44,527 adolescent student athletes completed baseline preseason testing with ImPACT® between 2009 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa030DOI Listing

Validation Study of a German Cognitive Battery for Huntington's Disease: Relationship Between Cognitive Performance, Functional Decline, and Disease Burden.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Cognitive decline is a key characteristic of Huntington's disease (HD). This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of a cognitive battery with six tests used by most HD research centers to assess cognitive impairment in HD.

Method: In total, 106 HD patients in different disease stages with more (HD-CD, N = 30) and less cognitive impairments (HD-NC, N = 70) and 100 healthy controls (NC) were matched by age, sex, and education and were examined using a standardized protocol including cognitive, motor, and functional assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa038DOI Listing

The relationship of cognitive change over time to the self-reported Ascertain Dementia 8-item Questionnaire in a general population.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between longitudinally assessed cognitive functioning and self-reported dementia status using the Ascertain Dementia 8-item questionnaire (AD8) in a national population-based sample.

Methods: The analysis included 14,453 participants from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. A validated cutoff of ≥2 symptoms endorsed on the AD8 (administered 10 years after enrollment) represented positive AD8 status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz045DOI Listing

Format Effects of iPad Administration of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition: Cross-Sectional Evidence for Score Equivalency in Routine Clinical Practice.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Educational Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Objective: The literature lacks independent investigations of the influence of tablet administration of cognitive assessments in applied clinical settings. The present study examined the influence of iPad administration on (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition) WAIS-IV core subtest scores in a university-based clinic.

Method: Record review was conducted for a convenience sample (N = 66) of university students who were administered the WAIS-IV via iPad or traditional format. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa040DOI Listing

Retrieval Practice in Memory- and Language-Impaired Populations: A Systematic Review.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Basic Psychological Processes, Institute of Psychology, University of Brasília, Brasília 70.910-900, Brazil.

Objective: Neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis and stroke, may impair memory and language. A technique called retrieval practice (RP) may improve memory and language outcomes in such clinical populations. The RP effect refers to the finding that retrieving information from memory leads to better long-term retention than restudying the same information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa035DOI Listing

Construct Validity of the Stroop Color-Word Test: Influence of Speed of Visual Search, Verbal Fluency, Working Memory, Cognitive Flexibility, and Conflict Monitoring.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department Basic Psychology II, UNED, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Objective: 85 years after the description of the Stroop interference effect, there is still a lack of consensus regarding the cognitive constructs underlying scores from standardized versions of the test. The present work aimed to clarify the cognitive mechanisms underlying direct (word-reading, color-naming, and color-word) and derived scores (interference, difference, ratio, and relative scores) from Golden's standardized version of the test.

Method: After a comprehensive review of the literature, five cognitive processes were selected for analysis: speed of visual search, phonemic verbal fluency, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and conflict monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa034DOI Listing

An Investigation of the Accuracy of Reaction Time Measurements on ANAM4 TBI-MIL Across Three Computer Platforms.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Fort Bragg, NC, USA.

Study Design: Using two observational methods and a within-subjects, counterbalanced design, this study aimed to determine if a computer's hardware and software settings significantly affected reaction time (RT) on the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (Version 4) Traumatic Brain Injury Military (ANAM4 TBI-MIL).

Methods: Three computer platforms were investigated: Platform 1-older computers recommended for ANAM4 TBI-MIL administration, Platform 2-newer computers with settings downgraded to run like the older computers, and Platform 3-newer computers with default settings. Two observational methods were used to compare measured RT to observed RT on all three platforms: 1, a high-speed video analysis to compare the timing of stimulus onset and response to the measured RT and 2, comparing a preset RT delivered by a robotic key actuator activated by optic detector to the measured RT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa032DOI Listing

Change in Balance Performance Predicts Neurocognitive Dysfunction and Symptom Endorsement in Concussed College Athletes.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Psychology, Florida Tech, Melbourne, FL, USA.

Objective: Following concussion, there is an array of sequelae including symptom burden, neurocognitive dysfunction, and balance impairment. However, the magnitude of change in balance performance has yet to be explored fully regarding its relationship with neurocognitive functioning or symptom endorsement. The present study hypothesized that the magnitude of change in balance performance from baseline to post-trauma would have unique predictive power in identifying acute clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa031DOI Listing

Test of Premorbid Functioning: You're Doing It Wrong, but Does It Matter?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Salisbury VA Medical Center, Salisbury, NC, USA.

Objective: Clarify procedures to correctly score Test of Premorbid Functioning (TOPF) and assess the accuracy of TOPF scores in the estimation of premorbid intellectual functioning.

Method: In this cross-sectional study, post-9/11 veterans (N = 233, 84.12% male) completed the TOPF, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), and performance validity measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa025DOI Listing

Cognitive and Motor Norms for Huntington's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

CHDI Management/Foundation, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Background: The progression of Huntington's disease (HD) for gene-expanded carriers is well-studied. Natural aging effects, however, are not often considered in the evaluation of HD progression.

Objective: To examine the effects of natural aging for healthy controls and to develop normative curves by age, sex, and education from the distribution of observed scores for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Stroop Word Reading Test, Stroop Color Naming Test, Stroop Interference Test, Total Motor Score, and Total Functional Capacity (TFC) from the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) along with a composite score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa026DOI Listing

Symbol Digit Modalities Test: Greek Normative Data for the Oral and Written Version and Discriminative Validity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

University of Patras Medical School, Patras, Greece.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to generate normative data on the Symbol Digits Modalities Test (SDMT) for the written and oral versions in the Greek adult population. We also investigated the test's validity in discriminating the performance of healthy adults from two groups of adults diagnosed with relapsing remitting (RRMS) and secondary progressive (SPMS) multiple sclerosis.

Method: The sample consisted of 609 healthy men and women between the ages of 18 and 65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa028DOI Listing

The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function®-Adult Version is Related to Emotional Distress, Not Executive Dysfunction, in a Veteran Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Objective: In three studies, we explore the impact of response bias, symptom validity, and psychological factors on the self-report form of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version (BRIEF-A) and the relationship between self-reported executive functioning (EF) and objective performance.

Method: Each study pulled from a sample of 123 veterans who were administered a BRIEF-A and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) during a neuropsychological evaluation. Participants were primarily middle-aged, and half carried a mood disorder diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa024DOI Listing

The Impact of Self-Efficacy and Health Locus of Control on Performance Validity Testing.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Desmond Doss Health Clinic, Schofield Barracks, HI, USA.

Objective: Recent research has examined potential influences to performance validity testing beyond intentional feigning. The current study sought to examine the hypothesized relationships of two psychological constructs (self-efficacy and health locus of control) with performance validity testing (PVT).

Method: Retrospective review of 158 mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) cases referred to an Army outpatient clinic for neuropsychological evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa027DOI Listing

Correlates of Poor Sleep and Subsequent Risk of Misdiagnosis in College Students Presenting with Cognitive Complaints.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Psychology, Ohio University, 22 Richland Ave, Athens, Ohio, 45701, USA.

Objectives: To examine the relationships of poor sleep to both subjective and objective cognitive functioning, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms, and mental health variables in college students, controlling for noncredible symptom reporting and noncredible performance.

Methods: 99 undergraduate students (Mage = 19.9, SD = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa023DOI Listing

Retrospective Analysis of the Test of Memory Malingering in a Low Intellectual Quotient Intractable Epilepsy Sample.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Objective: The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is commonly used by neuropsychologists (Sharland, M. J., & Gfeller, J. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa022DOI Listing

Multidimensional Malingering Criteria for Neuropsychological Assessment: A 20-Year Update of the Malingered Neuropsychological Dysfunction Criteria.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 05 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Empirically informed neuropsychological opinion is critical for determining whether cognitive deficits and symptoms are legitimate, particularly in settings where there are significant external incentives for successful malingering. The Slick, Sherman, and Iversion (1999) criteria for malingered neurocognitive dysfunction (MND) are considered a major milestone in the field's operationalization of neurocognitive malingering and have strongly influenced the development of malingering detection methods, including serving as the criterion of malingering in the validation of several performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) (Slick, D.J. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa019DOI Listing

Corrigendum to: Neuropsychological Performance 1 Year After Status Epilepticus in Adults.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa033DOI Listing

Base Rates of Invalid Test Performance Across Clinical Non-forensic Contexts and Settings.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, KS, USA.

Objective: Base rates of invalidity in forensic neuropsychological contexts are well explored and believed to approximate 40%, whereas base rates of invalidity across clinical non-forensic contexts are relatively less known.

Methods: Adult-focused neuropsychologists (n = 178) were surveyed regarding base rates of invalidity across various clinical non-forensic contexts and practice settings. Median values were calculated and compared across contexts and settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa017DOI Listing

Directional Bias in Line Orientation Test Errors in Parkinson's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.

Objective: Value in evaluating error subtypes on visuospatial line orientation tests has been reported. Directional bias metrics for line orientation test errors represent easily quantifiable data that have not previously been studied. We evaluated whether patients with a clinical condition known to affect visuospatial functioning (Parkinson's disease [PD]) exhibited unique directional error patterns on the RBANS Line Orientation test relative to other neuropsychology-referred patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa020DOI Listing

Instruments Measuring Prospective Memory: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr 2. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology, CRP-CPO, UR 7273, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France.

Objective: To identify the available measures to assess prospective memory (PM) abilities, to describe their content, and to quantitatively summarize the effects of various diseases on PM depending on the type of assessment.

Method: Three databases (PsycInfo, PsycArticles and PubMed) were searched up to June 2019 to identify the existing PM measures. The identified PM measures were classified according to the type of assessment: test batteries, single-trial procedures, questionnaires, and experimental procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa009DOI Listing

Return on Investment and Value Research in Neuropsychology: A Call to Arms†.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA.

There is substantial empirical evidence to support the clinical value of neuropsychological evaluation and the incremental value of neuropsychological assessment, suggesting such evaluation is beneficial in the prediction and management of clinical outcomes. However, in the cost-conscious and evolving era of healthcare reform, neuropsychologists must also establish the economic value, or return on investment, of their services. There is already a modest body of literature that demonstrates the economic benefits of neuropsychological evaluation, which is reviewed in the current paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa010DOI Listing

Dementia Diagnosis in Seven Languages: The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-III in India.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India.

Objective: With the rising burden of dementia globally, there is a need to harmonize dementia research across diverse populations. The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-III (ACE-III) is a well-established cognitive screening tool to diagnose dementia. But there have been few efforts to standardize the use of ACE-III across cohorts speaking different languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa013DOI Listing

Are Established Embedded Performance Validity Test Cut-Offs Generalizable to Patients With Multiple Sclerosis?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 18. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Objective: Data for the use of embedded performance validity tests (ePVTs) with multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are limited. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether ePVTs previously validated in other neurological samples perform similarly in an MS sample.

Methods: In this retrospective study, the prevalence of below-criterion responding at different cut-off scores was calculated for each ePVT of interest among patients with MS who passed a stand-alone PVT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa016DOI Listing

Commonality in Abnormality: "Abnormal" Neuropsychological Scores Are Common in Baseline Testing of Youth Athletes.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 18. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Palo Alto University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Objective: Although research shows that abnormal scores are common in adults, fewer studies examine the frequency of abnormal scores within children. The present study assessed how specific tests, cognitive domains, and patient factors affect the likelihood of abnormally low scores among healthy youth athletes.

Methods: Youth athletes (n = 85, Mage = 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa015DOI Listing

Assessing the Long-Term Impact of Concussion upon Cognition: A 5-Year Prospective Investigation.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 12. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology and Counselling, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: Jockeys have high rates of concussion, with 5% of jockeys receiving at least one concussion annually. The impact of acute concussion upon cognition is well understood, but less is known about the long-term effects of concussion upon cognition. Our aim was to assess the impact of concussion upon jockeys who had provided pre-concussion assessments of cognition using a prospective design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa012DOI Listing

Predictors of Heterogeneity in Cognitive Function: APOE-e4, Sex, Education, Depression, and Vascular Risk.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 4. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Institute for Dementia Research and Prevention/LSU, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA.

Objective: Mild cognitive impairment and dementia are clinically heterogeneous disorders influenced by diverse risk factors. Improved characterization of the effect of multiple risk factors influence on specific cognitive functions may improve understanding of mechanisms in early cognitive change and lead to more effective interventions.

Methods: Structural equation modeling (SEM) simultaneously examined the effects of modifiable (education, depression, and metabolic/vascular risk) and nonmodifiable risk factors (age, sex, and apolipoprotein E-ɛ4 allele [APOE-e4] status) on specific cognitive domains in 461 cognitively normal older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa014DOI Listing

Familiarity with Neuropsychological Assessment among Israeli Physicians.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Center for Memory and Attention Disorders, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objective: The current study examines whether Israeli physicians are familiar with neuropsychological assessment (NPA) in general and with referral to NPA in particular.

Method: In total, 274 physicians in relevant fields participated in an online survey that targeted levels of familiarity with NPA, beliefs about assessment needs, and actual referral practices.

Results: Israeli physicians see many patients with neuropsychological difficulties, but assess fewer patients for these difficulties by themselves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa007DOI Listing

Gender Differences in Veterans Referred for Neuropsychological Evaluation in an Outpatient Neuropsychology Consultation Service.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

VA North Texas Healthcare System, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: The number of women veterans seeking Veterans Health Administration services has substantially increased over the past decade. Neuropsychology remains an understudied area in the examination of gender differences. The present study sought to delineate similarities and differences in men and women veterans presenting for neuropsychological evaluation in terms of demographics, referral, medical conditions, effort, and outcome diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa008DOI Listing

Associations Between Multiple Remote Mild TBIs and Objective Neuropsychological Functioning and Subjective Symptoms in Combat-Exposed Veterans.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Mar 2. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Research & Psychology Services, VA San Diego Healthcare System (VASDHS), San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between multiple mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and objective and subjective clinical outcomes in a sample of combat-exposed Veterans, adjusting for psychiatric distress and combat exposure.

Method: In this cross-sectional study, 73 combat-exposed Iraq/Afghanistan Veterans were divided into three groups based on mTBI history: 0 mTBIs (n = 31), 1-2 mTBIs (n = 21), and 3+ mTBIs (n = 21). Veterans with mTBI were assessed, on average, 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa006DOI Listing

Alzheimer's Disease and Parkinson Dementia Distinguished by Cognitive Marker.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 26. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Human Cognitive Neuroscience, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Temporary memory binding (TMB) has been shown to be specifically affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) when it is assessed via free recall and titrating the task demands to equate baseline performance across patients.

Methods: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were subdivided into patients with and without cognitive impairment and compared with AD and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients on their performance on the TMB.

Results: The results show that only patients with AD dementia present with impaired TMB performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz082DOI Listing
February 2020

Neurocognitive Functioning is Associated with Self-Reported and Performance-Based Treatment Management Abilities in People Living with HIV with Low Health Literacy.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 22. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Objective: People living with HIV (PLWH) are at higher risk for poorer neurocognitive functioning and health literacy than uninfected persons, which are associated with worse medical outcomes. Aging research suggests that the effect of neurocognitive functioning on health outcomes may be more pronounced in those with low health literacy. We aimed to determine whether low health literacy might amplify the adverse effects of neurocognitive functioning on treatment management outcomes in 171 PLWH aged 40+. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa005DOI Listing
February 2020

Practice Effects and Test-Retest Reliability of the Continuous Performance Test, Identical Pairs Version in Patients with Schizophrenia over Four Serial Assessments.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 22. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: The purposes of this study were to examine the practice effects and test-retest reliability of the Continuous Performance Test, Identical Pairs version (CPT-IP) over four serial assessments in patients with schizophrenia.

Method: Fifty-six patients with schizophrenia were assessed with the CPT-IP four times, once per week. The CPT-IP contains four indices: "2-digit score," "3-digit score," "4-digit score," and "total score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa004DOI Listing
February 2020

Neuropsychological Performance 1 Year After Status Epilepticus in Adults.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 17. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Objectives: Status epilepticus (SE) may lead to or worsen cognitive dysfunction. Few studies have evaluated magnitude and profile of cognitive dysfunction in patients after SE. Characterization of cognitive deficits may be important for rehabilitation and follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz069DOI Listing
February 2020

Reliability and validity of the brief dimensional apathy scale.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 11. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Euan MacDonald Centre for Motor Neurone Disease Research, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Objective: Apathy is composed of different demotivational subtypes measurable by the dimensional apathy scale (DAS) and can be quickly assessed using the brief DAS (b-DAS). The aim was to determine the reliability and validity of the b-DAS.

Methods: 53 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and 53 of their informants were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa002DOI Listing
February 2020

How Do ImPACT Quick Test Scores Compare with ImPACT Online Scores in Non-Concussed Adolescent Athletes?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr;35(3):326-331

Department of Psychology, Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objective: To compare neurocognitive scores between the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) Quick Test (QT) and Online Versions in non-concussed high school athletes.

Methods: A sample of 47 high school athletes completed the ImPACT Online Version pre-season and the ImPACT QT approximately 3 months later. Paired sample t-tests and Pearson's correlations examined differences and relationships between the ImPACT batteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz072DOI Listing

Confabulations on Time: Relationship between Confabulations and Timing Deviations in Alzheimer's Disease.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):377-384

Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Objectives: We investigated the relationship between confabulations and the ability to process chronological characteristics of memories in Alzheimer's Disease (AD).

Methods: We evaluated provoked confabulations, spontaneous confabulations, and time perception in 31 AD patients. We evaluated provoked confabulations with questions probing general and personal knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acaa001DOI Listing

Reliable change in cognition over 1 week in community-dwelling older adults: a validation and extension study.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb 6. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Neurology, Center for Alzheimer's Care, Imaging, and Research, University of Utah.

Objective: Reliable change methods can aid neuropsychologists in understanding if performance differences over time represent clinically meaningful change or reflect benefit from practice. The current study sought to externally validate the previously published standardized regression-based (SRB) prediction equations developed by Duff for commonly administered cognitive measures.

Method: This study applied Duff's SRB prediction equations to an independent sample of community-dwelling participants with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) assessed twice over a 1-week period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz076DOI Listing
February 2020

POINT/COUNTER-POINT-Links between traumatic brain injury and dementia remain poorly defined.

Authors:
William B Barr

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Feb;35(2):128-132

Departments of Neurology & Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, Ney York, NY, USA.

There has been considerable public interest in the topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for development of late-life dementia. A review was performed on empirical studies examining the relationship between these two conditions. Although results from a number of studies clearly demonstrate that TBI is a positive risk factor for developing dementia, there are an equivalent number of studies that obtain inconclusive or negative findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz075DOI Listing
February 2020

Developing an Executive Functioning Composite Score for Research and Clinical Trials.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr;35(3):312-325

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of British Columbia; Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehab Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 2G9, Canada.

Objective: Executive functioning encompasses interactive cognitive processes such as planning, organization, set-shifting, inhibition, self-monitoring, working memory, and initiating and sustaining motor and mental activity. Researchers therefore typically assess executive functioning with multiple tests, each yielding multiple scores. A single composite score of executive functioning, which summarizes deficits across a battery of tests, would be useful in research and clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz070DOI Listing

How Good Is the Phoneme Elision Test in Assessing Reading, Spelling and Arithmetic-Related Abilities?

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):413-428

Developmental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of phoneme elision task (PET).

Method: We assessed cross-sectionally 470 Brazilian children (54.3% girls) aged between 7 and 11 years (mean age = 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz085DOI Listing

Posterior Cortical Atrophy with Right Lower Egocentric Quadrantic Neglect and Lower Vertical Allocentric Neglect.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):448-457

Department of Neurology, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background/objectives: Whereas rare cases of hemispatial visual neglect have been reported in patients with a neurodegenerative disease, quadrantic visuospatial neglect has not been described. We report a patient with probable posterior cortical atrophy who demonstrated lower right-sided quadrantic visuospatial neglect, together with allocentric vertical neglect.

Methods/results: A 68-year-old man initially noted deficits in reading and writing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz078DOI Listing
May 2020
1.986 Impact Factor

The Beneficial Effects of Computer-Based Cognitive Training in Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):434-447

University of Thessaly, Department of Neurology, Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Larissa, Greece.

Background: Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most prevalent non-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD). The present review focuses on published studies investigating the effect of computer-based cognitive training (CT) on neuropsychological performance in PD.

Methods: A systematic search of the PubMed database and Google Scholar was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz080DOI Listing

Smartphone-Based Measurement of Executive Function in Older Adults with and without HIV.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 May;35(4):347-357

University of Bordeaux, CNRS UMR, Bordeaux 5287, France.

Objective: To examine feasibility, convergent validity and biases associated with a mobile color-word interference test (mCWIT) among older persons living with HIV (PLHIV).

Method: Over a 14-day period, 58 PLHIV and 32 HIV-uninfected individuals (aged 50-74) completed the mCWIT on smartphones once per day in real-world settings. Participants also completed a comprehensive laboratory-based neuropsychological evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244889PMC

Cross-Cultural Comparison of Rural Healthy Adults: Russian and American Groups.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 14. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: The Russian-speaking population is among the largest European-born in the U.S., yet Russian-American cross-cultural research is scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz071DOI Listing
January 2020

Effects of Acculturation on the Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery (CNTB) in a Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Population in Denmark.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 14. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Danish Dementia Research Centre, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: Assessment of individuals from diverse ethnic backgrounds is a major challenge in current clinical neuropsychology as most neuropsychological tests are biased by linguistic, educational, and cultural differences. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acculturation on the newly developed European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery.

Method: The study was a cross-sectional study carried out in Copenhagen, Denmark. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz083DOI Listing
January 2020

Accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in Detecting Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia in the Rural African Population.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Jan 13. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objective: The incidence of dementia in the sub-Saharan Africa is rising. However, screening tools for cognitive decline that fits their linguistic and cultural context are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Kiswahili version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (K-MoCA) to detect mild cognitive impairment or dementia among older adults in the rural Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz086DOI Listing
January 2020

Neuropsychological Assessment of Professional Ice Hockey Players: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Baseline Data Across Language Groups.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2020 Apr;35(3):240-256

University of Missouri - Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Objective: Neuropsychological testing in sports has become routine across all levels of play. The National Hockey League (NHL) has conducted baseline neuropsychological assessment of all players since 1997. This study seeks to examine baseline differences among linguistically and culturally diverse groups within the NHL and to present comprehensive normative data for these groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz077DOI Listing