2,031 results match your criteria Archives Of Animal Nutrition[Journal]


Effects of dietary amylose and amylopectin ratio on growth performance, meat quality, postmortem glycolysis and muscle fibre type transformation of finishing pigs.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Mar 13:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

a Key Laboratory of Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition, Animal Nutrition Institute , Sichuan Agricultural University , Yaan , China.

The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary amylose and amylopectin ratio on growth performance, meat quality, postmortem glycolysis and muscle fibre type transformation of finishing pigs. Twenty-four barrows (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire) with an average initial body weight of 61.7 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1583518DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comparative effects of n-hexane and methanol extracts of elecampane (Inula helenium L.) rhizome on growth performance, carcass traits, feed digestibility, intestinal antioxidant status and ileal microbiota in broiler chickens.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr;73(2):88-110

b Young Researchers and Elite Club, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch , Islamic Azad University , Isfahan , Iran.

In this study, the effects of dietary methanol and n-hexane extracts of elecampane rhizome (MEER and HEER, respectively) on growth performance, apparent ileal nutrient digestibility (AID), ileal microbiota, intestinal morphology and antioxidant status of the intestinal mucosa were compared in broiler chickens. In total, 450 1-d-old male chicks were allotted into five groups in six replicates of 15 chicks each. Dietary treatments included: a control, control plus 500 or 1000 mg MEER per kg diet (MEER and MEER) and control plus 500 or 1000 mg HEER per kg diet (HEER and HEER). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1581027DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of leucine supplementation on muscle protein synthesis and degradation pathways in broilers at constant dietary concentrations of isoleucine and valine.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr;73(2):75-87

a Institute of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Physiology , University of Giessen , Giessen , Germany.

The present study investigated the hypothesis that dietary concentrations of leucine (Leu) in excess of the breeder´s recommendations activates protein synthesis and decreases protein degradation in muscle of broilers. Day-old male Ross 308 broilers (n = 450) were phase-fed corn-soybean meal-based diets during starter (d 1-10), grower (d 11-22), and finisher (d 23-34) period. The basal diets fed to the control group (L0) met the broilers' requirements for nutrients and amino acids, and contained Leu, Leu:isoleucine (Ile) and Leu:valine (Val) ratios, close to those recommended by the breeder (Leu:Ile: 100:54, 100:52, 100:51; Leu:Val 100:64, 100:61, 100:58; in starter, grower and finisher diet, resp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1583519DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of feed intake level on efficiency of microbial protein synthesis and nitrogen balance in Boran steers consuming tropical poor-quality forage.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr 20;73(2):140-157. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Animal Nutrition and Rangeland Management, Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Tropics , University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart , Germany.

This study aimed at evaluating the effects of feed intake level on the efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis (EMPS), nitrogen (N) excretion, and N balance in twelve 18-months old Boran (Bos indicus) steers with initial average liveweight of 183 kg (standard deviation (SD) 15.2). The experiment followed a 4 × 4 complete Latin Square design with four dietary treatments tested in four periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1572343DOI Listing

Effects of ethyl ester supplementation to forage on short-term dry matter intake and preference by goats.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr 20;73(2):127-139. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Institute of Animal Science , University of Bonn , Bonn , Germany.

In whole-crop maize silages with atypical smell and decreased acceptance by ruminants, high concentrations of the volatile organic compounds ethyl acetate (EA) and ethyl lactate (EL) were detected. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of different concentrations of ethyl esters added to forage on preference and short-term feed intake of goats. In the first of three trials, whole-crop maize silage was supplemented with different concentrations of EA and EL and then vacuum-stored before use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1575656DOI Listing

Encapsulation of soybean meal with fats enriched in palmitic and stearic acids: effects on rumen-undegraded protein and in vitro intestinal digestibility.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr 19;73(2):158-169. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

d Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture , Tarbait Modares University , Tehran , Iran.

Fat coating of soybean meal (SBM) can reduce its protein degradability in the rumen, but the encapsulation of SBM with palmitic (PA) and stearic acids (SA) has not yet been investigated, despite both fatty acids are common energy sources in dairy cow diets. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of applying a novel method, using either 400 or 500 g fat/kg (treatments FL40 and FL50, respectively), which was enriched in PA and SA at different ratios (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100), on physical and chemical characteristics, ruminal degradability, solubility and in vitro intestinal protein digestibility (IVIPD) of the obtained products. Encapsulation of SBM in fat resulted in greater mean particle size and lower bulk density and protein solubility than unprotected SBM (USBM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1575657DOI Listing

The effect of polyphenols and vitamin E on the antioxidant status and meat quality of broiler chickens exposed to high temperature.

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Apr 13;73(2):111-126. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

a Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science , University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn , Olsztyn , Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a polyphenol product (PP) (Proviox) and vitamin E on the antioxidant status and meat quality of broiler chickens exposed to high temperature. The experimental materials comprised 120 ROSS 308 broilers (6 treatments, 10 replications, 2 birds per replication). Dietary supplementation with vitamin E and PP was applied in the following experimental design: group I (negative control) - without supplementation; group II (positive control) - without supplementation; group III - supplementation with 100 mg vitamin E/kg; group IV - 200 mg vitamin E/kg; group V - 100 mg vitamin E/kg and 100 mg PP/kg; group VI - 200 mg PP/kg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2019.1572342DOI Listing

Impact of an energy- and nutrient-reduced diet containing 10% lignocellulose on animal performance, body composition and egg quality of dual purpose laying hens.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 14:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

In response to ethical concerns regarding the killing of day-old male chicks of layer breeds, the use of dual purpose chickens is increasingly discussed in public while data on nutritional requirements of dual purpose laying hens are not available. The present study examined the impact of an energy- and nutrient-reduced diet containing lignocellulose on performance, body composition and egg quality of dual purpose hens. Female Lohmann Dual chicks were allocated to 12 pens and fed two different diets for 52 weeks: a control (CON) and a treatment diet (LC), based on CON but diluted with 10% lignocellulose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1551950DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of dietary crude protein and tannic acid on rumen fermentation, rumen microbiota and nutrient digestion in beef cattle.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 4:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition , College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University , Beijing , China.

The objectives of the trial were to study the effects of dietary crude protein (CP) and tannic acid (TA) on rumen fermentation, microbiota and nutrient digestion in beef cattle. Eight growing beef cattle (live weight 350 ± 25 kg) were allocated in a 2 × 2 crossover design using two levels of dietary CP [111 g/kg dry matter (DM) and 136 g/kg DM] and two levels of TA (0 and 16.9 g/kg DM) as experimental treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1545502DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of folic acid on growth performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility and urinary excretion of purine derivatives in post-weaned dairy calves.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Nov 26:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b Office of Grass and Feed, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Bureau of Yuci County , Yuci , Shanxi Province , P.R. China.

This study evaluated the effects of folic acid (FA) supplementation on growth performance, ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility and urinary purine derivatives (PD) excretion in dairy calves. Forty-eight Chinese Holstein male dairy calves at 60 ± 3.2 d of age and 89 ± 5. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1547028DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Determination of endogenous fat loss and true total tract digestibility of fat in mink (Neovison vison).

Arch Anim Nutr 2019 Feb 21;73(1):67-73. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

a Department of Animal Science , Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

The objective of this study was to determine the endogenous fat loss (EFL) and to calculate true total tract digestibility (TTTD) of fat in mink (Neovison vison) using soybean oil-based diets with different fat levels. In the digestibility assay, four diets with 6.30%, 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1545501DOI Listing
February 2019

Bone mineralisation, mechanical properties and body phosphorus content in growing gilts as affected by protein or feed intake during depletion-repletion periods.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec;72(6):478-491

a The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition , Polish Academy of Sciences , Jabłonna , Poland.

The influence of feed or protein depletion-repletion on phosphorus balance, and bone characteristics was studied on 70 growing pigs from 90 to 168 d of age. During depletion period (90-118 d of age), C pigs were fed semi ad libitum (95% ad libitum intake) on control diet; FR pigs (feed-restricted group) consumed 40% less of control diet compared to C pigs; PR pigs (protein-restricted group) were fed semi ad libitum a low-protein diet containing 40% less protein than control diet. During repletion period (119-168 d of age), daily allowances for C pigs were equal of 95% ad libitum intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1527145DOI Listing
December 2018

Changes of ruminal pH, rumination activity and feeding behaviour during early lactation as affected by different energy and fibre concentrations of roughage in pluriparous dairy cows.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 8;72(6):458-477. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

The aim of this study was to assess differences of ruminal pH and rumination activity between the prepartal and postpartal period of cows and to investigate changes of feeding behaviour and ruminal fermentation depending on postpartal rations with slight differences in roughage energy and fibre concentration. Therefore, 11 rumen-cannulated German Holstein cows were used from 3 weeks antepartum until 16 weeks postpartum. During the dry period, all cows received the same diet. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1526535DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Influences of addition of malic acid or citric acid, Lactobacillus plantarum and their mixtures on fermentation quality, proteolysis and fatty acid composition of ensiled alfalfa.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 21;72(6):492-502. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

a State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, School of Life Sciences , Lanzhou University , Lanzhou , PR China.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two organic acids [malic acid (MA) and citric acid (CA)], Lactobacillus plantarum (LP) and their mixtures on the fermentation of alfalfa silage. The wilted and chopped alfalfa was ensiled in vacuum-sealed plastic bags (200-230 g per bag) with following additives: 0.5% distilled water (control), 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1510156DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Effect of dietary nitrogen level and source on mRNA expression of urea transporters in the rumen epithelium of fattening bulls.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct;72(5):341-350

a Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences , University of Udine , Udine (UD) , Italy.

This paper aims to study the effect of the dietary treatments on mRNA expression of urea transporter B (UT-B) and some aquaporins (AQP) in rumen epithelium of Italian Simmental young bulls. Eighty animals allocated to 16 pens were fed from about 500 to 650 kg body weight with four experimental diets, which resulted from the combination of two crude protein levels (125 and 110 g/kg dry matter, diets M and L, respectively) and two nitrogen sources (soybean meal (SBM) or SBM partly replaced by an isonitrogenous mixture of corn and urea; diets -U and +U, respectively). At slaughtering samples of blood and rumen epithelium were collected from six bulls for each diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1507977DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Effect of dried corn distillers' grains with solubles and soybean meal supplements on physiological indicators and reproductive performance of ewes.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct;72(5):351-367

a Department of Animal Science , Faculty of Agriculture, Yüzüncü Yıl University , Van , Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of adding dried distillers' grains with solubles (DDGS) to the nutritional regimens of ewes at different time periods on reproductive traits, serum hormones and serum metabolites. In Experiment 1, 100 ewes were divided into 4 groups (n = 25) according to diet. The four diets were grass hay (H) alone (group H), H with barley (group H + B), H with DDGS for the whole feeding period (27 d) (group H + DDGS) or H and DDGS for 5 d (d 8-12 of oestrus cycle) (group H + DDGS5). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1507976DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Predicting chemical, enzymatic and nutritional properties of fermented barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by second derivate spectra analysis from attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared data and its nutritional value in Japanese quails.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct 1;72(5):407-423. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

a Department of Animal Science, Suveren Campus , Iğdır University, Faculty of Agriculture , Iğdır , Turkey.

Nutrient concentrations, enzyme activities, viable probiotic counts and organic acid levels of fermented barley (FB) produced by solid state fermentation (SSF) and of its unfermented counterpart (unfermented barley (UFB)) were determined by quantitative methods, and compared with the second derivate spectra analysis (SDSA) of their attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared measurements. Moreover, in order to test the nutritional value of FB and UFB feeds, 3-d old Japanese quails were fed FB or UFB at 400 g/kg diet for 4 weeks. Chemical analysis indicated that FB had significantly increased crude protein, ether extract and ash contents, associated with lowered fibre and sugar contents, as compared with UFB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1500242DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Comparative effect of different dietary inulin sources and probiotics on growth performance and blood characteristics in growing-finishing pigs.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct;72(5):379-395

a Department of Bromatology and Nutrition Physiology, Institute of Animal Nutrition and Bromatology , University of Life Science , Lublin , Poland.

The study was focused on assessment of the effect of an extract of long-chain inulin (LCI) and dried tubers of Jerusalem artichoke (JA) and a multispecies probiotic preparation as well as a combination thereof on growth performance and blood parameters of fattening pigs. In total, 144 pigs (initial body weight 30.0 ± 0. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1505147DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Effect of copper nanoparticles on the mineral content of tissues and droppings, and growth of chickens.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct 13;72(5):396-406. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

c Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

We hypothesised that copper nanoparticles (NanoCu), because of their high physicochemical reactivity and bioavailability, could be used in much smaller quantities than bulk Cu, consequently reducing excretion of Cu into the environment. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of various levels of NanoCu on the development and growth of broiler chickens, in order to establish an optimum level of NanoCu dietary supplementation. Broiler chickens were randomly divided into five groups of 10 birds each. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1505146DOI Listing
October 2018

Effects of inulin supplementation to piglets in the suckling period on growth performance, postileal microbial and immunological traits in the suckling period and three weeks after weaning.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 30;72(6):425-442. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

a Precision livestock and nutrition unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Teaching and Research Centre , University of Liège , Gembloux , Belgium.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inulin (IN) supplementation to suckling piglets at and 3 weeks post-weaning. A total of 72 newborn piglets were used. Twenty-four piglets per group received different amounts of IN during the suckling period: (a) CON: no IN; (b) IN-0. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1508975DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Effects of chromium supplementation on weight gain, feeding behaviour, health and metabolic criteria of environmentally heat-loaded Holstein dairy calves from birth to weaning.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Dec 29;72(6):443-457. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

b Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture , Shahrekord University , Shahrekord , Iran.

The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of chromium (Cr) supplementation on feed intake and meal pattern, weight gain and skeletal growth, and health and metabolic criteria of environmentally heat-loaded dairy calves during the pre-weaning period. Forty-eight newborn female calves were allotted randomly to a control group (no Cr supplement; Cr-) or a Cr group (Cr+) receiving 0.05 mg Cr (as Cr-methionine)/kg BW. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1510157DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Effects of feeding diets containing essential oils and betaine to heat-stressed growing-finishing pigs.

Authors:
Ruixia Lan Inho Kim

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Oct 17;72(5):368-378. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

b Department of Animal Resource & Science , Dankook University , Cheonan , South Korea.

This study was to evaluate the effects of dietary essential oils (EO) and betaine on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and serum hormones in growing-finishing pigs under heat stress conditions. A total of 96 crossed pigs [(Landrace × Yorkshire) × Duroc] with an initial body weight (BW) of 24.7 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1492806DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effect of soybean oil availabilities on rumen biohydrogenation and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef cattle fed a diet with crude glycerine.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Aug;72(4):308-320

a Department of Animal Science, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV) , Univ Estadual Paulista-UNESP , Jaboticabal , Brazil.

Soybean oil with different ruminal availability (whole soybeans (WS), soybean oil (SO) and calcium salts (CS)) was used to evaluate the fatty acid (FA) intake, rumen biohydrogenation (BH) and duodenal flow of FA in Nellore steers fed diets with crude glycerine (CG). Eight castrated Nellore steers were fitted with a ruminal and duodenal silicone cannula, and distributed in a double, simultaneous, Latin square 4 × 4 design with four diets and four experimental periods. Concentrates contained ground maize, urea, mineral salts, CG (100 g/kg DM) and soybean products with different availability of soybean oil: (1) no additional fat (CO), (2) WS, (3) SO or (4) CS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1492805DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Estimation of metabolisable energy and net energy of rice straw and wheat straw for beef cattle by indirect calorimetry.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Aug 4;72(4):275-289. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

a College of Animal Science and Technology , Nanjing Agricultural University , Nanjing , China.

Two experiments were conducted to estimate the metabolisable energy (ME) and net energy (NE) of rice straw and wheat straw for beef cattle. In each experiment, 16 Wandong bulls (Chinese indigenous yellow cattle) were assigned to 4 dietary treatments in a completely randomised design. Four dietary treatments included one corn silage-concentrate basal diet and three test diets in which the basal diet was partly substituted by rice straw (Exp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1482076DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Inclusion of alternative marine by-products in aquafeeds with different levels of plant-based sources for on-growing gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, L.): effects on digestibility, amino acid retention, ammonia excretion and enzyme activity.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Aug 7;72(4):321-339. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

a Research Group of Aquaculture and Biodiversity, Institute of Animal Science and Technology , Universitat Politècnica de València , València , Spain.

The search for new sustainable aquafeeds for the species with greater economic importance, such as the gilthead sea bream in Europe, is one of the main challenges in the aquaculture sector. The present work tested fishmeal replacement by a mixture of plant meals at different levels, as well as the use of marine by-products with attractant properties and high-quality protein in high plant protein diets. In order to do that, effects on growth and biometric parameters, digestibility, amino acid retention, excreted ammonia and proteases and amylase activity were assessed, using six different diets: FM100 (100% of protein provided by fishmeal), FM50 (50% of replacement), FM25 (75% of replacement) and FM0 (100% of replacement), but also FM25+ (75% of replacement and 15% of squid and krill meal inclusion), and FM0+ (100% of replacement and 15% of squid and krill meal inclusion). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1472408DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Effects of feeding high-quality hay with graded amounts of concentrate on feed intake, performance and blood metabolites of cows in early lactation.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Aug 1;72(4):290-307. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health , University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna , Vienna , Austria.

Dairy cows are commonly fed energy-dense diets with high proportions of concentrate feedstuffs to meet the increased energy needs of early lactation. However, feeding large amounts of concentrates may cause rumen acidosis and impact cow health. The hypothesis tested was that the energy supply and metabolic health of early-lactation Simmental cows can be maintained when high-quality hay rich in water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) and crude protein (CP) is fed, despite the proportion of concentrates in the diet being reduced or even excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1474004DOI Listing

Effects of L-carnitine on reproductive performance, milk composition, placental development and IGF concentrations in blood plasma and placental chorions in sows.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Aug 29;72(4):261-274. Epub 2018 May 29.

a Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Control , College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou , China.

Recent studies have shown that L-carnitine supplementation of sows during pregnancy and lactation enhances their reproductive performance, but the underlying mechanisms are still needed to be further confirmed. This study was conducted to investigate the function of L-carnitine on placental development, milk nutrient content and release of hormones in sows. In this experiment, 40 multiparous crossbred sows (Yorkshire × Landrace) were allotted to two groups fed diets with or without a supplemental 50 mg/kg L-carnitine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1471185DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Pumpkin seed cake as a fishmeal substitute in fish nutrition: effects on growth performance, morphological traits and fillet colour of two freshwater salmonids and two catfish species.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun;72(3):239-259

a Department of Animal Nutrition , Institute of Animal Science, University of Hohenheim , Stuttgart , Germany.

The objectives of this study were to investigate the digestibility of pumpkin seed cake (PSC) for the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), and effects on performance and product quality traits of four different fish species when PSC partially replaced fishmeal in extruded diets. A digestibility trial was carried out to determine apparent digestibility coefficients (ADC) for crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE) and gross energy (GE) of PSC fed to rainbow trout. In subsequent growth trials, effects on performance and morphological traits and fillet colour values of four different fish species [rainbow trout; brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814); African sharptooth catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822); and wels catfish, Silurus glanis (Linnaeus, 1758)] were evaluated when 60% of fishmeal protein of a reference diet was replaced by PSC protein (based on digestible CP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1464713DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

On the distribution and metabolism of Fusarium-toxins along the gastrointestinal tract of endotoxaemic pigs.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun;72(3):163-177

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler Institute (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential modulatory effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on residues of deoxynivalenol (DON), de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol (DOM-1), zearalenone (ZEN) and its metabolites α-zearalenol (α-ZEL), β-zearalenol (β-ZEL), zearalanone (ZAN), α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and β-zearalanol (β-ZAL) after pre- or post-hepatic administration along the gastrointestinal axis. Fifteen barrows were exposed to a naturally mycotoxin contaminated diet (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1465261DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Effect of cellobiose supplementation and dietary soluble fibre content on in vitro caecal fermentation of carbohydrate-rich substrates in rabbits.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun 27;72(3):221-238. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

a Departamento de Producción Agraria , E.T.S.I. Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria , Madrid , Spain.

The in vitro caecal fermentation of five substrates low in starch and protein content [d-(+)-glucose (GLU), d-cellobiose (CEL), sugar beet pectin (PEC), sugar beet pulp (SBP) and wheat straw (WS)] was investigated using soft faeces from rabbits receiving different levels of cellobiose and soluble fibre as inoculum. A total of 24 rabbits were supplemented 3 levels of cellobiose in the drinking water (0.0, 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1458459DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The impacts of Macleaya cordata extract and naringin inclusion in post-weaning piglet diets on performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal histomorphology.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun 18;72(3):178-189. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

The current study investigated the impacts of supplementation of post-weaning piglet diets with Macleaya cordata extract (MCE) and naringin (NAR) on performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal histomorphology. Post-weaning crossbred piglets (28 males and 28 females; age at weaning 25 d) were randomly allotted to 28 pens. The experiment consisted of a control and three treatment groups (MCE60, MCE120 and NAR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1459342DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Effect of vitamin D treatments on plasma metabolism and immune parameters of healthy dairy cows.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun 21;72(3):205-220. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

b Department of Animal Science , Aarhus University , Tjele , Denmark.

The objective of this study was to investigate the possible beneficial effect of vitamin D repletion on certain immune parameters of vitamin D insufficient dairy cows. Twenty dairy cows in late lactation were treated daily with vitamin D in five different ways: sunlight exposure (SUN), D supplementation combined with sunlight exposure (D2SUN), D supplementation (D2), D supplementation (D3), and D and D supplementation combined (D2D3). The cows had very low vitamin D levels at d 0 because of the vitamin D deprivation before the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1448564DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Influence of feed provisioning prior to digesta sampling on precaecal amino acid digestibility in broiler chickens.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Jun 21;72(3):190-204. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

a Institut für Nutztierwissenschaften , Universität Hohenheim , Stuttgart , Germany.

A regression approach was applied to determine the influence of feed provisioning prior to digesta sampling on precaecal (pc) amino acid (AA) digestibility in broiler chickens. Soybean meal was used as an example test ingredient. Five feed-provisioning protocols were investigated, four with restricted provision and one with ad libitum provision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1446810DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Nutrient composition, ruminal degradability and whole tract digestibility of whole crop maize silage from nine current varieties.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Apr;72(2):121-137

b Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Division of Livestock Sciences , University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences , Vienna , Austria.

Since maize silage is an important forage in cattle nutrition, it is important to know its nutritive value. Much effort is put into breeding maize, and several new varieties are introduced on the market every year. This requires periodical analyses of the nutritive value of current maize varieties for the formulation of cattle rations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1436665DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Effects of dietary inclusion of macaúba seed cake meal on performance, caecotrophy traits and in vitro evaluations for growing rabbits.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Apr 7;72(2):138-152. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

a Department of Animal Science , Federal University of Minas Gerais , Belo Horizonte , Brazil.

The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of macaúba seed cake (MSC) meal in diets for growing rabbits by assessing their growth and slaughtering performance, haematological traits, nutritional contribution of caecotrophs, in vitro digestibility, degradability and fermentation parameters. A total of 88 rabbits were distributed to four groups with 22 animals each and fed diets containing 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg of MSC, respectively. The in vitro assays were conducted employing cecum inoculum on the same dietary treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1435480DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Nutrient availability of different batches of wheat distiller's dried grains with solubles for turkeys.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Apr 6;72(2):153-161. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

a National Institute of Poultry Husbandry , Harper Adams University , Shropshire , UK.

Effects of five different batches of wheat distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) were used to investigate bioavailability of energy and nutrients for turkeys. The laboratory analysis of the DDGS showed the largest variations for soluble non-starch polysaccharides, oil and ash. In total, 96 birds were fed one of six mash diets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1435479DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

The effects of energy concentration in roughage and allowance of concentrates on performance, health and energy efficiency of pluriparous dairy cows during early lactation.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Apr 2;72(2):100-120. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition , Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different energy supplies from roughage and concentrates on performance, health and energy efficiency during early lactation. For this purpose an experiment was conducted containing 64 pluriparous German Holstein cows from 3 weeks prepartum until 16 weeks postpartum. During dry period all cows received an equal dry cow ration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1428417DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) techniques for analysing the influence of diet on ruminal bacterial diversity.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Apr 30;72(2):85-99. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

d Dpto. Producción Agraria, E.T.S.I. Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas , Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria , Madrid , Spain.

The objective of this study was to compare the automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) and the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) techniques for analysing the effects of diet on diversity in bacterial pellets isolated from the liquid (liquid-associated bacteria (LAB)) and solid (solid-associated bacteria (SAB)) phase of the rumen. The four experimental diets contained forage to concentrate ratios of 70:30 or 30:70 and had either alfalfa hay or grass hay as forage. Four rumen-fistulated animals (two sheep and two goats) received the diets in a Latin square design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2018.1429135DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Detoxification of Fusarium-contaminated maize with sodium sulphite - in vivo efficacy with special emphasis on mycotoxin residues and piglet health.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Feb;72(1):58-75

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI) , Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

A feeding experiment with piglets was performed to examine the efficacy of a wet preservation of Fusarium (FUS)-contaminated maize with sodium sulphite (SoS) based on deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) residue levels in urine, bile and liquor and health traits of piglets. For this purpose, 80 castrated male piglets (7.57 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1418047DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Regulation of carnitine status in ruminants and efficacy of carnitine supplementation on performance and health aspects of ruminant livestock: a review.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Feb;72(1):1-30

a Institute of Animal Nutrition and Nutrition Physiology , Justus-Liebig-University Gießen , Gießen , Germany.

Carnitine has long been known to play a critical role for energy metabolism. Due to this, a large number of studies have been carried out to investigate the potential of supplemental carnitine in improving performance of livestock animals including ruminants, with however largely inconsistent results. An important issue that has to be considered when using carnitine as a feed additive is that the efficacy of supplemental carnitine is probably dependent on the animal's carnitine status, which is affected by endogenous carnitine synthesis, carnitine uptake from the gastrointestinal tract and carnitine excretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1421340DOI Listing
February 2018
2 Reads

Effects of oral exposure to sodium sulphite-treated deoxynivalenol (DON)-contaminated maize on performance and plasma concentrations of toxins and metabolites in piglets.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Feb 22;72(1):42-57. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

a Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI) , Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

The objective of the present study was to demonstrate the efficiency of the decontamination process applied to deoxynivalenol (DON)-contaminated maize by sodium sulphite (NaSO) treatment in vivo. Additionally, in vitro characterisation of the toxicity of the DON sulphonates (DONS 1, 2 and 3 denote structurally different forms), the resulting DON metabolites, on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) should substantiate the inactivation of DON. In a piglet experiment, both DON-contaminated maize and -uncontaminated control maize either untreated (DON-, CON-) or NaSO-treated (DON+, CON+) were mixed into feed and fed for 42 d starting from weaning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1415550DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read

Comparative digestibility of energy and ileal amino acids in yeast extract and spray-dried porcine plasma fed to pigs.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Feb 22;72(1):76-84. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

a State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Agriculture Feed Industry Centre , China Agricultural University , Beijing , China.

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the digestible (DE) and metabolisable energy (ME), apparent (AID) and standardised ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids (AA) in yeast extract (YE) and spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP). In Experiment 1, 18 barrows (25.1 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1413827DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Duodenal infusions of isoleucine influence pancreatic exocrine function in dairy heifers.

Arch Anim Nutr 2018 Feb 20;72(1):31-41. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

a College of Animal Science and Technology , Northwest A&F University , Yangling , Shaanxi , China.

Four healthy Holstein heifers (235 ± 12 kg) fitted with duodenal and pancreatic cannulas were used to investigate infusion of isoleucine (Ile) on the pancreatic exocrine function in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Three doses of Ile, 10, 20 and 30 g in 2500 ml water, respectively, were infused into the duodenum over a period of 12 h in Experiment (Exp) 1 and over 10 d in Exp 2. Hourly pancreatic juice and jugular blood were taken during the infusion period in Exp 1, and the blood samples were taken in 2-h intervals over the last 2 d in Exp 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1396144DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads

Effects of glyphosate residues and different concentrate feed proportions on performance, energy metabolism and health characteristics in lactating dairy cows.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec;71(6):413-427

a Institute of Animal Nutrition , Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Federal Research Institute for Animal Health , Braunschweig , Germany.

The aim of this study was to examine the influence of glyphosate (GL) residues in feedstuffs on performance, energy balance and health-related characteristics of lactating dairy cows fed diets with different concentrate feed proportions. After an adaption period, 64 German Holstein cows (207 ± 49 d in milk; mean ± SD) were assigned to either groups receiving a GL contaminated total mixed ration (TMR) (GL groups) or an uncontaminated TMR (CON groups) during a 16 weeks trial. Contaminated feedstuffs used were legally GL-treated peas and wheat (straw and grain). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1391487DOI Listing
December 2017
14 Reads

Effects of combined α-galactosidase and xylanase supplementation on nutrient digestibility and growth performance in growing pigs.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec;71(6):441-454

a Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Control , College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou , China.

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of combined supplementation of α-galactosidase and xylanase on nutrient digestibility and growth performance in growing pigs. Experiment 1 had a 2 × 2 Latin square design, where eight barrows (45.0 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1389217DOI Listing
December 2017
13 Reads

Red beet and betaine as ingredients in diets of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): effects on growth performance, nutrient retention and flesh quality.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec 24;71(6):486-505. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

a Subdirection of Research and Technology , Agro-Technological Institute of Castilla y León, Consejería de Agricultura y Ganadería , Valladolid , Spain.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of different concentrations of dietary red beet and betaine on the growth performance and fish flesh quality of rainbow trout. Therefore, a control diet was compared with four diets in which two levels of red beet (14% and 28%) and betaine (0.9% and 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1391503DOI Listing
December 2017
1 Read

The effect of eubiotic feed additives on the performance of growing pigs and the activity of intestinal microflora.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec 23;71(6):455-469. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

a Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Management , Poznan University of Life Sciences , Poznań , Poland.

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of probiotic bacteria, prebiotics, phytobiotics and their combinations on performance and microbial activity in the digestive tract of growing pigs. The experiment was conducted over 28 d on 48 male pigs of about 12 kg body weight (BW), which were allocated to following treatments.: (1) Control Group (Con) without additive, (2) Group I, addition of a prebiotic (inulin), (3) Group Ph, a phytobiotic (herbal water extracts), (4) Group P, a probiotic composed of four strains of lactic acid bacteria, (5) Group PhP, phytobiotic and probiotic bacteria and (6) Group PhPI, a phytobiotic, probiotic bacteria and a prebiotic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1390181DOI Listing
December 2017
3 Reads

Effect of palmitic acid on the mitigation of milk fat depression syndrome caused by trans-10, cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid in grazing dairy cows.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec 4;71(6):428-440. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

d Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales , Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México , Toluca , México.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of adding protected palmitic acid (PA) to the ration of grazing dairy cows supplemented with protected conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on milk production, chemical composition and fat profile. Six cows were used, 3/4 American Swiss × Zebu, under a rotational grazing system in a mixed sward with Cynodon plectostachyus, Brachiaria decumbens and Brachiaria brizantha. Furthermore, each cow received daily 4 kg concentrates and 8 kg sorghum silage, which made up the basal diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1379165DOI Listing
December 2017
2 Reads

Intake, feeding behaviour, digestibility, performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of lambs fed different levels of semi-purified glycerine in the diet.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Dec 25;71(6):470-485. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

a Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul , Cidade Universitária , Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels of semi-purified glycerine in the diet of feedlot lambs on feeding behaviour, nutrient intake and digestibility, carcass characteristics, meat quality and in vitro degradability. Thirty-two Dorper × (Texel × Suffolk) crossbred intact male lambs (22.2 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1369816DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Effect of variety and harvest date on nutritive value and ruminal degradability of ensiled maize ears.

Arch Anim Nutr 2017 Oct;71(5):333-346

b Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Division of Livestock Sciences , University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences , Vienna , Austria.

The nutritive value of whole crop forage maize is influenced by the proportion of ears and stover in the whole crop and by the nutrient composition and digestibility characteristics of the plant parts. An experiment investigating the impact of variety, harvest date and year on the nutritive value of ensiled maize ears was carried out in three consecutive years (2007, 2008 and 2010). Nine different maize varieties were harvested at three different maturity stages (50, 55 and 60% dry matter (DM) content in the ears). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1745039X.2017.1358537DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads