1,414 results match your criteria Archives Italiennes De Biologie[Journal]


The influence of mandibular stretching on athletes subjected to high intensity workout.

Arch Ital Biol 2022 Jan;159(3-4):178-186

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Italy - Email:

The use of oral appliances is considered effective in improving sport performance. Jaw clenching or stretching, improved breathing or positioning of the jaw have been proposed to explain the improvement. In this study, we reported the effects of regularly practiced mandibular stretching at submaximal opening of the jaw in Crossfit athletes. Read More

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January 2022

Combined therapy (Rho-A-kinase inhibitor and chitosan/collagen porous scaffold) provides a supportive environment for endogenous regenerative processes after spinal cord trauma.

Arch Ital Biol 2022 Jan;159(3-4):159-177

Institute of Neurobiology of Biomedical Research Center Slovak Academy of Sciences, Šoltésovej 4, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic - Email:

Due to the complexity of pathological processes in spinal cord injury (SCI), it is increasingly recognized that combined strategies are more effective than single treatments. The aim of the present study was to enhance neural tissue regeneration and axon regrowth using Rho-A-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) in a rat SCI model (Th9 compression) and to bridge the lesion with a chitosan/collagen porous scaffold (ChC-PS) applied two weeks after SCI. In addition, to see the synergic effect of Y-27632 and ChC-PS, we combined these single therapeutic strategies to enhance the regenerative capacity of injured spinal cord tissue. Read More

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January 2022

The Effect of 2 Weeks of Naringenin on AQP4, IL-2 and DNA Damage in Brain Ischemia Reperfusion in Rats.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Dec;159(3-4):151-158

Selcuk University, Medical School, Department of Physiology, 42075, Konya, Turkey - Email:

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different doses of naringenin (NAR) administration for 2 weeks in rats on brain Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), interleukin-2 (IL-2) and 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OhdG) levels in brain ischemia-reperfusion. Experimental groups were formed as follows; 1-Control; 2-Sham Control; 3 Ischemia/ Reperfusion (I/R); 4-Naringenin (Naringenin 50) + I/R; 5-Naringenin (naringenin 100) + I/R. I/R was performed as 1 hour occlusion of the carotid arteries (ischemia) followed by 1 hour reperfusion. Read More

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December 2021

The neurobiology of nutraceuticals combined with light exposure, a case report in the course of retinal degeneration.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Dec;159(3-4):134-150

Human Anatomy, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy - Email: - and IRCCS Neuromed - Email:

The present article presents a case report and discusses the neurobiology underlying the potential neuro-repair induced by combined administration of phytochemicals in a patient undergoing photo-bio-modulation (PBM), which improves anatomical and clinical abnormalities in the course of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). After combined treatments the patient with nutraceuticals and PBM had noticeable improvement of retinal tissue with excellent vision for her age and no worsening of corneal guttae, which was present at the time of diagnosis. The present treatment was tailored, based on translational evidence, to improve the autophagy pathway, which is a key determinant in the onset and progression of AMD. Read More

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December 2021

Flow cytometric analysis of CD4 and T-lymphocytes of chronic amphetamine and alcohol abuse.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Dec;159(3-4):123-133

Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Najran University, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Email:

Introduction: Drug and alcohol abuse has significant negative impacts on individuals' life, health status and communities. They have also been implicated immunity system diseases. Therefore we aim to investigate the impact of chronic amphetamine abuse or co-abuse of alcohol with amphetamine on immunity, especially CD3 T cells, as well as the response of CD4 and CD8 T cells. Read More

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December 2021

Not all sales performance is created equal: personality and interpersonal traits in inbound and outbound marketing activities.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Dec;159(3-4):107-122

Molecular Mind Laboratory (MoMiLab), IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca, Piazza San Francesco 9, 55100 Lucca, Italy - Email:

A long tradition of research has shown that personality traits, such as extraversion and agreeableness, and interpersonal constructs better predict job performance with a tacit but not explicit distinction in sales marketing activities. In this contribution, we aim to understand the role of job-related and interest data, interpersonal, and personality traits in affecting either inbound or outbound marketing activities and the overall sales performance. An original questionnaire integrates the interpersonal traits and personality factors reported in the literature in sales marketing activities (independent variables). Read More

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December 2021

Learning effect and repeatability of stabilometric measurements: "standard" vs. usual foot placement.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Jun;159(2):95-103

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Italy - Email:

The existence of a learning effect by which subjects progressively reduce body sway over the course of repetitive stabilometric measurements is currently debated. Also, the position and orientation of the feet on the platform can have a substantial influence on the outcome measurements. The aim of the present work was to assess the effect of feet positions on mean total velocity (V) of the center of pressure and the area (AR) covered by its displacements during quiet standing. Read More

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Dual function of Selenium nanoparticles: Inhibition or induction of lysozyme amyloid aggregation and evaluation of their cell based cytotoxicity.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Jun;159(2):82-94

Department of Biology, Payam Noor University, P. O. Box: 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran. E-mail:

Aberrant protein aggregation and the formation of amyloid deposits are associated with numerous neuro- and non-neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, one potential strategy is to eliminate these deposits by halting amyloid aggregation. Selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) have great potential in biomedicine for various therapeutic and diagnostic purposes and also have the ability to inhibit amyloid fibrillation. Read More

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Retinal Degeneration Following Chronic Administration of the Parkinsonism-Inducing Neurotoxin MPTP.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Jun;159(2):64-81

Human Anatomy, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55 - 56126 Pisa (Italy) - Email:

During late stages, retinal degenerative disorders affecting photoreceptors progress independently from the specific disease trigger. In fact, a number of detrimental consequences occur downstream of photoreceptors, which are triggered by the loss of photoreceptors themselves. Such downstream anatomical alterations were originally thought to be compensatory events aimed to restore retinal function. Read More

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Surgical management of sporadic hemangioblastomas located in the posterior fossa of brain.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Jun;159(2):51-63

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dicle, 21280, Diyarbakır, Turkey - Email:

Purpose: Hemangioblastomas (HBs) are highly vascular tumors, constituting 2%-3% of central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Surgery is a treatment option for HBs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the demographic, clinical, and radiological findings of patients with HBs who were operated on via microsurgical technique at our clinic and to determine the findings specific to HBs and evaluate their pathological findings and confirmation. Read More

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Exosomes and alpha-synuclein within retina from autophagy to protein spreading in neurodegeneration.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Mar;159(1):38-50

Human Anatomy, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55, 56126 Pisa (Italy) - Email:

In the course of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as well as in multiple retinal disorders protein aggregates are described at various levels in the retina. In AMD this fills the space between retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in the form of drusen, which contains amyloid and other protein aggregates along with lipids. Nonetheless, in very advanced stages of AMD, as well as in other retinal pathologies and early on in retinitis pigmentosa, a number of neuronal inclusions, which stain for α-synuclein spreads all over the retinal layers. Read More

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Sensitivity of item memory to fluency: Evidence from behavioral data and ERP old/new effects.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Mar;159(1):28-37

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Zhejiang University, 148 Tianmushan Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China 310028 - E-mail:

Background: Previous studies have suggested that item memory is processed based on both familiarity and recollection, and evidence can be found from behavioral as well as event-related potential (ERP) patterns. Recently, great consideration has been given to how the memory of items generated from internal and external sources differ from each other. To date, the modulation of fluency, perceptual fluency in particular, on item memory has been rarely explored from both behavioral and neural perspectives. Read More

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Combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and skin conductance to detect localized neural response to psychological stress: a pilot study.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Mar;159(1):21-27

Dep. of Medicine and Surgery, Clinical Psychology, Clinical Psychophysiology and Clinical Neuropsychology Labs., University of Parma, Italy - Email:

Objective: This preliminary study aims at investigating the neural correlates of the stress response, intended as an emotional and cognitive response, through the description of the activation of the autonomic nervous system in a problem-solving task and central functional data; in particular, we recorded skin conductance level (SCL) and response (SCR) and observed the correlation with fMRI data.

Materials And Methods: The results obtained from 6 healthy subjects, 3 males and 3 females, aged between 18 and 45 (average = 27, SD = 7.08) who voluntarily offered to participate in the study were examined. Read More

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Cerebral cortical thickness and gyrification changes in first-episode psychoses and multi-episode schizophrenia.

Arch Ital Biol 2021 Mar;159(1):3-20

Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, and Health Studies, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University, Rome; Unit of Psychiatry, 'Sant'Andrea' University Hospital, Via di Grottarossa 1035-1039, 00189 Rome, Italy - Email:

Cortical thickness (CT) and local gyrification index (LGI) in psychotic disorders may show modifications that relate to clinical course. This observational study aimed to analyse such variables in patients with schizophrenia, compared to healthy controls (HCs). We compared CT and LGI of 18 patients with first-episode psychosis with that of 21 with multi-episode schizophrenia and 16 HCs. Read More

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Measurement of drusen and their correlation with visual symptoms in patients affected by age-related macular degeneration.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Dec;158(3-4):82-104

Human Anatomy, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Via Roma 55, 56126 Pisa (Italy) - Email:

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common retinal disorder, which became more and more prevalent in the last decades. AMD is now the most prevalent cause of blindness in the western world. The disorder is classified into two phenotypes named dry and wet AMD. Read More

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December 2020

Comparison of ependymomas and medulloblastomas located in the posterior cranial fossa: An anatomical and histopathological study.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 12;158(3-4):74-81

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dicle, 21280, Diyarbakır, Turkey - Email:

Posterior fossa tumors (PFTs) include medulloblastomas, atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors, pilocytic astrocytomas, ependymomas, and brainstem gliomas. We evaluated patients with surgery at our clinic, comparing epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics of medulloblastoma and ependymoma to identify factors that might assist preoperative diagnosis, help to develop treatment algorithms, and have prognostic value after surgery. Pediatric patients from 0 to 16 and young adults from 16 to 29 years of age with surgery for pathologically confirmed ependymomas or medulloblastomas between January 2014 and January 2020 were eligible. Read More

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December 2020

The exploration of a new environment leads to the modulation of gene expression for prolonged times in the rat.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Dec;158(3-4):67-73

Department of Translational Research on New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Via S. Zeno 31, 56127 Pisa, Italy - Email:

In the present study we performed a transcriptional analysis in order to evaluate changes in gene expression induced by exploration in prolonged times. The analysis was carried out 3, 10 and 20 days after exploration. We analyzed the modulation of the expression levels of Pfn2, Casp3, Pdrg1, Pea15, Ywhaz genes which previously were found not modulated 2 days after exploration. Read More

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December 2020

Hyperostosis frontalis interna and frontal bone thickness among various age groups - differences between males and females.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Jun;158(2):57-63

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine. Hajduk Veljkova 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia - Email:

Hyperostosis frontalis interna (HFI) represents an abnormality of the frontal cranial bone that is characterized by bilateral, nodular thickening of its inner lamina and may sometimes be associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as headaches and depression. The aim was to assess prevalence, sex and age differences of HFI and frontal bone thickness by means of MRI. This retrospective study included 908 subjects who were divided into male and female groups and further subdivided into three groups, youngest (≤45 years), middle-aged (46- 65 years) and the oldest group (65 years). Read More

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The swimming control group in spatial reference memory task: analysis of its motor cortex activity.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Jun;158(2):45-56

Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Oviedo. Plaza Feijoo s/n. 33003 Oviedo, Spain - Email:

Spatial reference memory in rodents is commonly performed in the Morris Water Maze (MWM). The use of control groups on this task is essential in order to subtract brain activity not related to learning. To study the functional contribution of selected brain areas, we assessed neuronal metabolic activity thorough quantitative cytochrome c oxidase histochemistry. Read More

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Effects of Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester and Oxidative Stress Caused by the Exhaustion Exercise on Endotelial Damage.

Authors:
M Akil

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Jun;158(2):37-44

Usak University Faculty of Sports Science, Usak University, Usak, Turkey - Email:

This study was aimed to examine the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on endothelial dysfunction in rats with exercise-induced oxidative stress. Tests were performed on male (n=32) young adult Sprague-Dawley rats (12 weeks of age). The experimental animals were divided into four groups in equal numbers. Read More

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Nutraceuticals for dry age-related macular degeneration: a case report based on novel pathogenic and morphological insights.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Mar;158(1):24-34

Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy - Email:

Age-related macular degeneration represents the main retinal disorder leading to irreversible blindness in people over the age of 50 in the Western World. Here we describe a case report, which suggest that specific nutraceutical compounds may exert beneficial effects on the progression of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), an eye disease with no approved treatment or cure. Specific antioxidants, such as lutein, resveratrol and Vaccinium Myrtillus, which are known to reduce the risk of developing AMD, when co-administered alone, were supplemented to diet of an informed patient suffering from dry AMD. Read More

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Changes of sensory and pain thresholds in healthy subjects after mandibular extension at maximum mouth opening: implications for temporomandibular disorders therapy.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Mar;158(1):17-23

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Via Romana, 06126, Perugia, Italy - Email:

There is evidence showing that increasing the vertical dimension of occlusion, or interocclusal distance, reduces pain symptoms in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and bruxism. The mechanism underlying the analgesic effect is still under investigation. Some researchers propose either a gate mechanism or the activation of the trigemino-cardiac reflex. Read More

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Imitation strategies in subjects with schizophrenia: a behavioural approach.

Arch Ital Biol 2020 Mar;158(1):3-16

Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica, Sezione di Neuroscienze e Biologia Cellulare, Facoltà di Medicina, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Tronto 10/A, 60020 Ancona, Italy - Email:

Imitation is a basic human ability, present early in life. Previous studies on control subjects and callosotomized patients showed that imitation occurred mainly in mirror-mode in both groups (60% controls, 66% patients) when they imitate without instructions (free sessions). In contrast, when asked to use the same or opposite limb as the model (driven sessions), controls used anatomical mode (93%), callosotomized patients mainly mirror strategy (61%). Read More

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Vitamin D receptor expression and acid sphingomyelinase activity in prefrontal region of a learning animal model.

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Dec;157(4):120-128

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Via S. Costanzo, 06126, Perugia, Italy - Email:

Contextual fear conditioning (CFC) paradigm is routinely used to study fear-based learning in animals and it provides a useful model for understanding fear and anxiety in human. In the present study, such model was used following the previously established CFC protocol, and immunohistochemistry, enzymatic activity and western blotting analysis approaches were used to identify the expression of acid sphingomyelinase (aSMase) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) in prefrontal region brain of rat. Results revealed an increase of aSMase activity in conditioned rats, suggesting an apoptotic condition in such animals. Read More

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December 2019

Hypnotisability-related interoceptive awareness and inhibitory/activating emotional traits.

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Dec;157(4):111-119

Dept Translational Research and New Technologies, University of Pisa, Via san Zeno 31, 56127 Pisa - Email:

Emotions are influenced by several individual factors. Hypnotizability - a psychophysiological trait associated with morpho-functional cerebral and cerebellar variations able to sustain differences in interoception and emotion - could be one of them. The aims of the study were to find out possible differences in Interoceptive Awareness (IA) and in the emotional traits sustained by the Behavioral Inhibition/Activation System (BIS/BAS) in participants with high (highs), medium (mediums) and low (lows) hypnotizability and to investigate the association of interoceptive awareness and BIS/BAS related emotional traits as a function of hypnotizability. Read More

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December 2019

Does Parkinson's disease interfere with electromyographic fatigue of masticatory muscles?

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Dec;157(4):105-110

Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. Avenida do Café, s/n, 14040-904, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil - Email:

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease with manifestations related to oxidative stress and damage to the skeletal striated musculature. This study evaluated the electromyographic fatigue of the masseter and temporal muscles in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The median frequency of the normotensive electromyographic signal was analyzed in 16 individuals, aged between 50 and 70 years, with Parkinson's disease in stages I and III of the Hoehn and Yahr disability scale (n=8) or without the disease (n=8). Read More

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December 2019

The effect of single and repeated tDCS sessions on motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Sep;157(2-3):89-101

Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Area Pathology, University of Pisa, via Savi, 10, 56126, Pisa, Italy - E-mail:

Objectives: to update understanding of the effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on motor dysfunction in Parkinson's disease, since the last review was published in 2016.

Methods: in order to identify suitable publications for inclusion, an online search of the Pubmed, Scopus and Cochrane databases was carried out. Searches of relevant full-text articles were performed through specific keywords. Read More

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September 2019

Myelin Ultrastructure Terminology in Disease and Recovery Processes.

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Sep;157(2-3):76-88

Baskent University Faculty of Medicine Department of Histology and Embryology, Ankara, Turkey - Email:

Ultrastructural evaluation of myelin coat helps to understand the possible background of pathological changes leading to deterioration or complete loss of nerve functions. A number of terms were previously introduced to describe the fine structural changes in myelin under various conditions. We believe that using a common terminology will be helpful to interpret the structure/function relationship in neurological disorders empowering the diagnosis and possible therapeutical approaches. Read More

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September 2019

An observational study of the effects of using an high oral splint on pain control

Arch Ital Biol 2019 09;157(2-3):66-75

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Italy - Email:

Increasing occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) by means of oral splints is a practice widely used in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), specifically myofascial pain, although the results are still uncertain. Oral splints with a vertical height that significantly exceeds the clinical rest position are considered by some researchers to be a better therapeutic solution in alleviating TMD symptoms than are “low” splints. In our observational study, 21 patients suffering from myofascial pain were examined for the effects of wearing a “high” oral splint while sleeping for 3 months. Read More

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September 2019

Influence of sleep bruxism severity on masticatory efficiency: electromyographic analysis.

Arch Ital Biol 2019 Sep;157(2-3):59-65

Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. Avenida do Café, 14040-904, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil - Email: E-mail:

The objective of the present study was to ascertain masticatory efficiency by evaluating electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporalis muscles in subjects with sleep bruxism of varying severity, as determined by BiteStrip. Thirty-four subjects with sleep bruxism were divided into two groups: a mild sleep bruxism group with a mean (± standard deviation) age of 31.3 ± 6. Read More

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September 2019