97 results match your criteria Archives Animal Breeding[Journal]


Comparison of some meat quality and liver characteristics in Muscovy and mule ducks.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 5;63(1):137-144. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Small Animal Science, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, 94976, Slovakia.

The aim of the study was to compare Muscovy ducks and mule ducks for proximate analysis, colour attributes, sensory properties of the meat, and concentration of some minerals in the meat and liver, with consideration of the effect of sex on the analysed traits. The study used 46 Muscovy and 44 mule ducks. At the end of the rearing period, 40 birds (10 males and 10 females of each genotype) were selected for slaughter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-137-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254918PMC

Screening the key genes of hair follicle growth cycle in Inner Mongolian Cashmere goat based on RNA sequencing.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 26;63(1):155-164. Epub 2020 May 26.

College of Animal Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, 010018, China.

Inner Mongolian Cashmere goat is an excellent local breed selected for the dual-purpose of cashmere and meat. There are three lines of Inner Mongolian Cashmere goat: Erlangshan, Alashan and Aerbasi. Cashmere is a kind of precious textile raw material with a high price. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-155-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256851PMC
May 2020
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Seasonal variations in quantitative and qualitative sperm characteristics in fertile and subfertile stallions.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 14;63(1):145-154. Epub 2020 May 14.

Institute for Genome Biology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Wilhelm-Stahl-Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany.

Horses are seasonal breeders with a natural breeding season beginning in spring and extending through midsummer. In this study, quantitative and qualitative parameters of chilled stallion semen were compared between fertile and subfertile stallions and between the breeding and the non-breeding season. Semen quality parameters compared included ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, total sperm number, sperm morphology, and computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA)-derived sperm movement characteristics obtained from two groups of warmblood stallions ( ; four fertile stallions and four subfertile stallions), which differ in the seasonal pregnancy rate 80 %-90 % (fertile) vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-145-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256850PMC

Effects of organic zinc on the performance and gut integrity of broilers under heat stress conditions.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 27;63(1):125-135. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Animal Production, School of Agriculture, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Heat stress (HS) has negative impacts on farm animals. Many studies have been conducted in order to ameliorate the effects of heat stress in farm animals. The current project investigated the effects of organic zinc supplementation under thermoneutral and heat stress conditions on the production, physiological, and histological parameters in broiler chickens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-125-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201270PMC

Assessment of methane emission traits in ewes using a laser methane detector: genetic parameters and impact on lamb weaning performance.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 16;63(1):113-123. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Institute of Animal Breeding and Pet Genetics, University of Giessen, 35390 Giessen, Germany.

The aim of the present study was to derive individual methane ( ) emissions in ewes separated in respiration and eructation traits. The generated longitudinal data structure was used to estimate phenotypic and genetic relationships between ewe records and energy efficiency indicator traits from same ewes as well as from their lambs (intergenerational perspective). In this regard, we recorded emissions via mobile laser methane detector (LMD) technique, body weight (EBW), backfat thickness (BFT) and body condition score (BCS) from 330 ewes (253 Merinoland (ML), 77 Rhön sheep (RH)) and their 629 lambs (478 ML, 151 RH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-113-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191252PMC

"Sex" and body region effects on bone mineralization in male pigs.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 2;63(1):103-111. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Livestock Center Oberschleissheim of the Veterinary Faculty, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, St. Hubertusstrasse 12, 85764 Oberschleissheim, Germany.

Lameness in pigs is one of the major reasons for culling and early losses in pigs. This can be linked to osteoporosis due to pathologic alterations in bone mineral density (BMD) or bone mineral content (BMC) and may also be linked to the sex. Dealing with the ban on piglet castration without anaesthesia in Germany 2021, we have three male "sex" types: entire boars (EB), immunocastrated boars (IB), and surgically castrated boars (SB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-103-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7163300PMC

The effects of soy oil, poultry fat and tallow with fixed energy : protein ratio on broiler performance.

Authors:
Nezih Okur

Arch Anim Breed 2020 17;63(1):91-101. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Poultry Science, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, 14280, Bolu, Turkey.

In this study, the effects of using soy oil (SO), poultry fat (PF) and tallow (T) in broiler feed at fixed energy : protein ratio on field and slaughter parameters were evaluated. The average live weight (ALW), feed conversion ratio (FCR), production efficiency factor (PEF) and mortality were investigated as field performance parameters; carcass weight (CW), carcass yield (CY), heart-liver weight (HLW), heart-liver yield (HLY), abdominal fat weight (AFW) and abdominal fat yield (AFY) were investigated as slaughter performance parameters. The experiment was performed in accordance with animal welfare legislation of Turkey and continued for 41 d. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-91-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096738PMC

Identification, molecular characteristics, and tissue differential expression of full-CDS cDNA sequence in Binglangjiang buffalo ().

Arch Anim Breed 2020 11;63(1):81-90. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Faculty of Animal Science and Technology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, China.

It has been found that diacylglycerol acyltransferase-2 (DGAT2) plays a crucial role in the synthesis of triglycerides (TGs) in some mammals, but its role in buffalo lactation is unclear. In the present study, the full-CDS cDNA sequence of Binglangjiang buffalo was isolated, and the physicochemical characteristics and structure of its encoding protein were characterized. Furthermore, the differential expressions of this gene in 10 tissues of lactating and non-lactating buffalo were analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-81-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096739PMC

Prediction of body composition in mirror carp () by using linear measurements in vivo and computed tomography post-mortem.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 25;63(1):69-80. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Applied Sciences Weihenstephan-Triesdorf, Steingruberstraße 2, 91746 Weidenbach, Germany.

The mirror carp () belongs to the cyprinids, the world's largest and most important fish family in aquaculture. The fat content and the fillet yield are important parameters in the marketing of carp. Although the influence of the environment on the body composition of the carp has been well studied, there is little research in the field of breeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-69-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059604PMC
February 2020

Characterization of different adipose depots in fattened buffalo: histological features and expression profiling of adipocyte markers.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 21;63(1):61-67. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

College of Life Sciences, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan, 464000, China.

Adipose tissue (AT) is a multi-depot organ in mammals. AT from various depots differs in composition and function. Revealing the composition feature of AT depots will provide valuable information for further research on the development and fat deposition patterns in buffalo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-61-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059603PMC
February 2020

Assessment of genetic diversity in main local sheep breeds from Romania using microsatellite markers.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 19;63(1):53-59. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, 050095, Romania.

The state of the local breeds of farm animals is increasingly precarious worldwide because of the aggressive introduction of breeds with improved economical traits. The preference of the breeders for local breeds is due to their higher adaptability to the particular climate and relief conditions of the mountain areas, to the high rate of assimilation of the feeds from these regions and to their increased resistance to diseases. This study analyzes the genetic variation of the main four local Romanian sheep breeds (Tsurcana, Tsigai, Ratska and Teleorman Blackhead) in terms of stock and economic importance, using 18 microsatellite markers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-53-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059605PMC
February 2020

Stability of fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat from pasture- and grain-fed young bulls during the first 7 d postmortem.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 12;63(1):45-52. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Instituto de Investigaciones Agrarias Finca La Orden - Valdesequera, Junta de Extremadura, 06187 Guadajira, Spain.

In order to study the effect of different amounts of concentrate feed and the effectiveness of natural antioxidants on the fatty acid stability of intramuscular fat during the first days postmortem, 75 young bulls of the Retinta breed were divided in three groups: 30 were grazed, 30 were fed on medium concentrate diets, and 15 were fed on high-concentrate diets. Young bulls were slaughtered at commercial weight, around a 500 kg final body weight. Samples from muscle were assigned to two ageing periods (0 and 7 d) and were vacuum packaged in vacuum bags ( permeability: 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-45-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059602PMC
February 2020

Research of postpartum endometritis in Japanese Black cattle with cystic ovarian disease by vaginal mucus test and endometrial cytology.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 7;63(1):1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

United Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, Japan.

The relationship between endometritis and cystic ovarian disease (COD) is still unclear in Japanese Black cattle. Endometritis is classified into clinical endometritis (CE) and subclinical endometritis (SE). The objective of this study was to clarify the interaction between postpartum endometritis (CE and SE) and COD in Japanese Black cattle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-1-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059803PMC
January 2020

Determination of relationships between placental characteristics and birth weight in Morkaraman sheep.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 6;63(1):39-44. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

The aim at this study was to determine the relationships among the lamb birth weight, the average cotyledon surface area (ACSA) and cotyledon size. Data were collected from 101 ewes. The general linear model and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for statistical comparison and determination of relationships between variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-39-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053508PMC
February 2020

Genetic variant of gene and its association with growth traits in Chinese cattle.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 30;63(1):31-37. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, People's Republic of China.

SPARC is a cysteine-rich acidic secreted protein. It is a non-collagen component of bone, which is widely distributed in humans and animals and plays an important role. SPARC has been found in a variety of human cancers (breast cancer, stomach cancer, ovarian cancer, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-31-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053509PMC
January 2020

Proximity patterns in water buffaloes' activities on pasture.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 17;63(1):19-29. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Department of Statistics and Operational Research, School of Mathematics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Water buffaloes are considered social animals and perform several activities on pasture, such as grazing, moving, standing, ruminating, wallowing, lying, and drinking. However, the way these animals form their social structure in the herd during each one of these activities is still unknown. Literature for water buffaloes has focused mainly on their productive characteristics, impact of grazing on wetlands and behavior during grazing but failed to address the way these animals form their social organization during their activities on pasture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-19-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053511PMC
January 2020

Effect of DNA markers on the fertility traits of Japanese Black cattle for improving beef quantity and quality.

Arch Anim Breed 2020 13;63(1):9-17. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan.

Carcass traits have been efficiently improved by recent selection using DNA markers in beef cattle. Additionally, DNA markers might have an effect on other traits such as fertility traits; therefore attention should also be paid to such pleiotropic effects. However, the effects of the markers on both carcass and fertility traits have never been evaluated in the same population, since they are generally measured in different populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-63-9-2020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053510PMC
January 2020

Polymorphisms of the kappa casein (3) gene and inference of its variants in water buffalo ().

Arch Anim Breed 2019 5;62(2):585-596. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Faculty of Animal Science and Technology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, China.

Kappa casein plays a crucial role in the formation of stable casein micelles and has a key influence on milk-clotting properties. However, current understanding of buffalo 3 gene polymorphisms is not sufficient. In this study, the polymorphisms in the complete coding sequence (CDS) of the buffalo 3 were detected using PCR product direct sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-585-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6920614PMC
December 2019

Recent advances in understanding genetic variants associated with growth, carcass and meat productivity traits in sheep (): an update.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 23;62(2):579-583. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and candidate genes that affect growth intensity is a prerequisite for the marker-assisted selection of economically important traits. The number of QTL studies on sheep is relatively small in comparison to those on cattle and pigs. The current QTL sheep database - Sheep QTLdb - contains information on 1658 QTLs for 225 different traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-579-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6904904PMC
October 2019

Associations of gene copy number variations with growth traits in four Chinese sheep breeds.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 21;62(2):571-578. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Key laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Shaanxi Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

Copy number variations (CNVs) are gains and losses of genomic sequence of more than 50 bp between two individuals of a species. Also, CNV is considered to be one of the main elements affecting the phenotypic diversity and evolutionary adaptation of animals. ORMDL sphingolipid biosynthesis regulator 1 () is a protein-coding gene associated with diseases and development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-571-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853131PMC
October 2019

Identification of mutations in and genes associated with prolificacy of Markhoz goats.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 14;62(2):565-570. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

School of Advanced Medical Sciences, Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The Markhoz is a local goat breed in the Kurdistan region of Iran. The mohair obtained from these animals plays an important cultural role and is used for making local clothes in the Kurdistan region. This breed is a low-fecundity local goat, and searching for genes associated with fertility of these goats is important for their breeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-565-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853135PMC
October 2019
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The relationship between semen seminal plasma ions and sperm cell velocities of wild-caught longspine scraper, .

Arch Anim Breed 2019 26;62(2):557-564. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, İnönü University, 44280, Malatya, Turkey.

In this study, semen seminal plasma contents and the motility of sperm cells were determined in via a computer-assisted sperm analysis system. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between semen seminal plasma ions and the velocities of sperm cells. Although the predominant ions were K (  mg L ) and Na (  mg L ) in the semen seminal plasma, Ca (  mg L ) and Mg (  mg L ) were not predominate according to our results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-557-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852850PMC
September 2019

The effect of polymorphism in the gene on the fatty acid composition of bovine milk.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 18;62(2):547-555. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Laboratory of Molecular Cytogenetics, Department of Ruminants Science, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin 71-270, Poland.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play a role in a wide variety of physiological processes. They are produced by a series of desaturation and elongation reactions. -6-desaturase is a membrane-bound enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of -linolenic acid (C18:3 -3) and linoleic acid (C18:2 -6) to stearidonic acid (18:4 -3) and -linolenic acid (18:3 -6). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-547-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852874PMC
September 2019

Valuing breeders' preferences in the conservation of the Koundoum sheep in Niger by multi-attribute analysis.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 9;62(2):537-545. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH), Sustainable Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

This study characterises farmer's preferences for breeding rams and tackles their willingness to contribute to the Koundoum sheep conservation programme through their quantified appreciation of the main phenotypic features of the sheep breed in the region. The Koundoum is the main wool sheep of Niger and shows a remarkable adaptation to the environment of the Niger River valley. In Tillabéri region, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-537-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853032PMC
September 2019

Effects of dietary butyrate supplementation and crude protein level on carcass traits and meat composition of broiler chickens.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 2;62(2):527-536. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Research Institute for Animal Breeding, Nutrition and Meat Science, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Center, Gesztenyés út 1, 2053 Herceghalom, Hungary.

The short-chain fatty acid butyrate, either in unprotected or protected form, is widely applied as a growth-promoting feed additive in poultry nutrition; however, its possible effects on the carcass composition of broilers have not been fully elucidated. Further, lowering dietary crude protein (CP) levels is an important issue in poultry farming, contributing to ecologically beneficial lower nitrogen excretion. The main aims of this study were to test how unprotected and protected forms of butyrate and decreased dietary CP content with essential amino acid (lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan) supplementation ("LP-EAA" diet) affect carcass parameters and the chemical composition of muscles in broilers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-527-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852878PMC
September 2019

Cows fed hydroponic fodder and conventional diet: effects on milk quality.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 15;62(2):517-525. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

University of Malta, Division of Rural Sciences and Food Systems, Institute of Earth Systems Msida, MSD2080, Malta.

The technology of green fodder production is especially important in arid and semiarid regions. Hydroponics improves on average the amount of crops in the same space, as traditional soil-based farming and can reduce water consumption compared to traditional farming methods. Limited research has been carried out on the use of hydroponic fodder and milk quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-517-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853134PMC

Variation in affects wool fibre diameter in New Zealand Romney ewes.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 13;62(2):509-515. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

International Wool Research Institute, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China.

Variation in has been reported to affect wool fibre traits in Merino cross-breed sheep and Chinese Tan sheep, but little is known about whether these effects persist in other breeds. In this study, variation in was investigated in 290 New Zealand (NZ) Romney ewes sired by 16 different rams. Polymerase chain reaction single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis revealed four variants ( , , and of , and nine genotypes (, , , , , , , and ) in these ewes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-509-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853137PMC

Selection signature analysis reveals genes underlying sheep milking performance.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 8;62(2):501-508. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems; Key Laboratory of Grassland Livestock Industry Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs; College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730020, P. R. China.

Sheep milk is the most important feed resource for newborn lambs and an important food resource for humans. Sheep milk production and ingredients are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. In this study, we implemented selection signature analysis using Illumina Ovine SNP50 BeadChip data of 78 meat Lacaune and 103 milk Lacaune sheep, which have similar genetic backgrounds, from the Sheep HapMap project to identify candidate genes related to ovine milk traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-501-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6859915PMC

Analysis of lactating cows on commercial Austrian dairy farms: the influence of genotype and body weight on efficiency parameters.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 29;62(2):491-500. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

ZuchtData EDV-Dienstleistungen GmbH, Vienna, 1200, Austria.

The aim of this study was twofold: first, to evaluate the influence of body weight on the efficiency of dairy cows, and second, to analyze the current state of dairy cattle populations as part of the Austrian Cattle Breeding Association's Efficient Cow project. Data of Fleckvieh (FV, dual-purpose Simmental), Fleckvieh Red Holstein (FV RH), Holstein (HF) and Brown Swiss (BS) dairy cows (161 farms, 6098 cows) were collected at each performance recording during the year 2014. In addition to routinely recorded data (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-491-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852849PMC

Potential of -gene diversity in Czech indigenous cattle for resistance breeding as revealed by hybrid sequencing.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 26;62(2):477-490. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Department of Genetics and Breeding, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague - Suchdol, Prague, 165 06, Czech Republic.

A production herd of Czech Simmental cattle (Czech Red Pied, CRP), the conserved subpopulation of this breed, and the ancient local breed Czech Red cattle (CR) were screened for diversity in the antibacterial toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are members of the innate immune system. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplicons of , , , , and from pooled DNA samples were sequenced with PacBio technology, with 3-  coverage per gene per animal. To increase the reliability of variant detection, the gDNA pools were sequenced in parallel with the Illumina X-ten platform at low coverage ( per gene). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-477-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853138PMC

Exploring insertions and deletions (indels) of gene and their association with growth traits in four Chinese indigenous cattle breeds.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 25;62(2):465-475. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Shaanxi Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, P. R. China.

Methionine sulfoxide reductase B3 () is instrumental in ossification and fat deposition, which regulate the growth and development of cattle directly. The purpose of this study was aimed to explore insertions and deletions (indels) in gene and investigate their association with growth traits in four indigenous cattle breeds (Luxi cattle, Qinchuan cattle, Nanyang cattle, and Jiaxian Red cattle). Four indels were identified by sequencing with DNA pool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-465-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852864PMC

Haemato-biochemical profile and acid-base status of Croatian spotted goats of different ages.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 24;62(2):455-463. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, V. Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia.

The aim of the present research was to determine the haemato-biochemical profile and blood acid-base status of Croatian spotted goats in a traditional Mediterranean production system. The 60 non-gravid female Croatian spotted goats of different ages were included in the research. They were divided into four groups of 15 goats according to age: group I -  year old; group II - 2-3 years; group III - 3-6 years; and group IV - 7-10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-455-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852856PMC

Casein haplotype diversity in seven dairy goat breeds.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 24;62(2):447-454. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Catania, Catania, 95123, Italy.

Selection, drift, gene flow and breeding have extensively shaped the genomic variability of domestic animals. In goat species, several mutations identified within the casein genes have been shown to affect the level of gene expression of milk production traits. The four casein genes - , , and - are organized in a cluster of 250 kb located in chromosome 6, and due to tight linkage, their genetic variability is well depicted by haplotypes which are transmitted to the progeny. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-447-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853139PMC

In vivo monitoring of hepatic glycolipid distribution of -6 ∕ -3 in jugular-vein-cannulated rats as a nutritional research model for monogastric animal.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 19;62(2):437-446. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

The metabolic distribution via blood from liver of glycerolipids by omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid ( -6    -3) ratio in monogastric animal nutrition is very important. In vivo monitoring technique using jugular-vein-cannulated rats as a nutritional model for monogastric animal can yield important insights into animal nutrition. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different -6    -3 ratios ( , , , ) on metabolic distribution of glycerolipids newly synthesized and secreted in the liver of the rats and explore the mechanism involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-437-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852779PMC

Content of selected inorganic compounds in the eggs of hens kept in two different systems: organic and battery cage.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 18;62(2):431-436. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Institute of Biological Basis of Animal Production, University of Live Science in Lublin, Lublin, 20-950, Poland.

Recent years have seen increased interest in the influence of bioactive dietary components on human genes and gene expression. A good source of many bioactive substances is the chicken egg. The egg is considered to be an excellent food provided by nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-431-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853034PMC

Time of sexual maturity and early egg quality of Japanese quails affected by in ovo injection of medicinal plants.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 17;62(2):423-430. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Institute of Biological Basis of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 13 Akademicka St., 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the time to sexual maturity and quality of initial eggs of Japanese quail affected by in ovo injection of plant extracts: ginger (GR), garlic (GC), oregano (O) and cinnamon (C). In total, 2400 eggs of Japanese quails were divided into six groups on the fifth day of incubation. Group I was the control group (NC), which was not injected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-423-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852847PMC

Identification of the association between gene polymorphisms and milk production traits in Sfakia sheep.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 15;62(2):413-422. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Gene-Marker Laboratory, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Lincoln University, POB 84, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand.

The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of variation in the fatty acid binding protein 4 gene () on milk production traits in Greek Sfakia sheep. Polymerase chain reaction - single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis was used to genotype a total of 374 Sfakia ewes for two regions of located around exon 2-intron 2 (Region 1) and exon 3-intron 3 (Region 2). Each month, for a period of 6 months, milk samples were collected from the ewes to measure total milk yield, fat content, protein content, lactose content, non-fat solid content, pH, and somatic cell count (SCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-413-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852875PMC

Interbreed variation in meiotic recombination rate and distribution in the domestic chicken .

Arch Anim Breed 2019 10;62(2):403-411. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Institute of Cytology and Genetics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.

The efficiency of natural and artificial selection is critically dependent on the recombination rate. However, interbreed and individual variation in recombination rate in poultry remains unknown. Conventional methods of analysis of recombination such as genetic linkage analysis, sperm genotyping and chiasma count at lampbrush chromosomes are expensive and time-consuming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-403-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6859913PMC

Differentiation of some Pramenka sheep breeds based on morphometric characteristics.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 10;62(2):393-402. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

For the purpose of the morphometric characterization and differentiation of local sheep breeds that belong to the group of breeds called Pramenka or Zackel, two Slovenian (Bela Krajina and Istrian Pramenka) and four Montenegrin sheep breeds (Bardoka, Sjenička, Pivska Pramenka, and Zeta Žuja) were studied. The variation of morphometric measures and nine morphometric indices were analysed. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied in order to provide an easier description of body size and shape. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-393-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6859914PMC

The effect of aging and muscle type on the quality characteristics and lipid oxidation of lamb meat.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 4;62(2):383-391. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Animal Breeding and Production, Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Ciszewskiego 8, 02-786 Warsaw, Poland.

The research carried out on meat from 45 ram lambs of the Polish merino breed allowed to determine the effect of meat aging and muscle type on physicochemical characteristics and oxidative stability of lipids. Analysis of physicochemical traits (pH, meat color, expressed juice, cooking loss, shear force, moisture, protein, fat and total collagen content) was performed on fresh and meat aged for 14 d in the (LL) and (GM) muscles. The meat aging determined all physicochemical characteristics except protein and fat content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-383-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852877PMC

DNA methylation of the promoter downregulates expression in chicken lines.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 3;62(2):375-382. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

Evidence suggests that Perilipin-1 () is subject to functional regulation by epigenetic modifications in women with obesity. However, whether chicken expression is regulated by DNA methylation is unknown. Here, Sequenom MassARRAY and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were conducted to analyze the promoter methylation status and expression of the gene in Northeast Agricultural University broiler lines divergently selected for abdominal fat content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-375-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852845PMC

The effects of fermented milk products (kefir and yogurt) and probiotic on performance, carcass characteristics, blood parameters, and gut microbial population in broiler chickens.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 28;62(1):361-374. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Payame Noor University of Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran.

This study was conducted to determine the effects of fermented milk products and probiotic on performance, carcass characteristics, blood parameters, and gut microbial population in broiler chickens. A total of 480 one-day-old Ross 308 broilers were allocated to 30 floor pens in a completely randomized design with six treatments, five replicates, and 16 chicks (eight males and eight females) in each replicate. On the first day, the male and female chicks were weighed and divided by the feather sexing method so that the average body weight of chicks was approximately equal in each pen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-361-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852855PMC

A 20-bp insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism within the gene and its associations with growth traits in goat.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 17;62(1):353-360. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Shaanxi Province, Yangling, Shaanxi, China.

Cell division cycle 25A (), a member of the family of phosphatases, is required for progression from G1 to the S phase of the cell cycle. provides an essential function during early embryonic development in mice, suggesting that it plays an important role in growth and development. In this study, we used mathematical expectation (ME) methods to identify a 20-bp insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism of gene in Shaanbei White Cashmere (SBWC) goats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-353-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852853PMC

Effects of benzene, quercetin, and their combination on porcine ovarian cell proliferation, apoptosis, and hormone release.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 14;62(1):345-351. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Department of Zoology and Anthropology, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra, Slovakia.

We hypothesized that the environmental contaminant benzene and the plant antioxidant quercetin may affect ovarian cell functions and that quercetin could offer protection against the adverse effects of benzene. This study aimed to examine the action of benzene, quercetin, and their combination on porcine ovarian granulosa cell functions. We elucidated the effects of benzene (20  g mL ), quercetin (at the doses 0, 1, 10, 100  g mL ), and their combination on ovarian granulosa cell functions (proliferation, apoptosis, and hormone release) in vitro using immunocytochemistry and enzyme immunoassay respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-345-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852862PMC

Effects of different floor materials on the welfare and behaviour of slow- and fast-growing broilers.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 14;62(1):335-344. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bursa Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Litter quality and fast growth rate are the two main issues in broiler welfare. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of genotype and floor material on broiler welfare and behaviour. In the study, slow-growing (Hubbard JA57) and fast-growing (Ross 308) broilers on a slatted floor and deep litter were used; there were four main groups (2 genotype   2 housing) and each treatment group consisted of 5 replicates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-335-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852873PMC

Exploring genetic diversity and phylogenic relationships of Chinese cattle using gene mtDNA 16S rRNA.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 12;62(1):325-333. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China.

The objective of this research was to characterize the genetic diversity and phylogenetic diversity among 12 cattle breeds (10 Chinese breeds and two foreign taurine breeds as controls) utilizing gene mtDNA 16S rRNA. The complete sequences of the mtDNA 16S rRNA genes of the 251 animals were 1570 bp long. The mean percentages of the four nitrogen bases were 37. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-325-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852867PMC

Identification of genomic regions and candidate genes of functional importance for gastrointestinal parasite resistance traits in Djallonké sheep of Burkina Faso.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 5;62(1):313-323. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

SERIDA Deva., Camino de Rioseco 1225, 33394 Gijón (Asturias), Spain.

A total of 184 Djallonké lambs from Burkina Faso with phenotypes for packed-cell volume (PCV), log-transformed fecal egg count (lnFEC), and FAffa MAlan CHArt (FAMACHA©) eye scores were typed with the OvineSNP50 BeadChip of Illumina to contribute to the knowledge of the genetic basis of gastrointestinal (GIN) parasite resistance in sheep. Association analysis identified a total of 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related with PCV (6 SNPs), lnFEC (7), and FAMACHA scores (9) distributed among 14 chromosomes (OAR). The identified SNPs accounted for 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-313-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853132PMC

Genetic diversity of different breeds of Kazakh sheep using microsatellite analysis.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 5;62(1):305-312. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Cytogenetics, Institute of General Genetics and Cytology, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

A total of 75 individuals from five sheep populations in Kazakhstan were investigated based on 12 STR (short tandem repeat, also known as microsatellite) markers in order to study their genetic structure and phylogenetic relationship based on genetic distances. These sheep had a high level of genetic diversity. In total, 163 alleles were found in all the populations using 12 microsatellite loci. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-305-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852843PMC

Effect of a low-energy and enzyme-supplemented diet on broiler chicken growth, carcass traits and meat quality.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 29;62(1):297-304. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of DETO, Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Valenzano 70010, Bari, Italy.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a low metabolizable energy (low-ME) diet supplemented with a multienzyme blend (KEMZYME) on the growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of chickens. A total of 108 broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to three experimental groups with six replicates per treatment and five birds per replicate; the groups were treated as follows: a control diet with no additive and standard metabolizable energy (ME; 3200 kcal kg ); a low metabolizable energy (low-ME; 3000 kcal kg ) diet; and a low-ME diet   0.5 g kg diet of enzyme (low-ME-Enz). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-297-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852863PMC

The effect of polyphenols and vitamin E on the antioxidant status and meat quality of broiler chickens fed low-quality oil.

Arch Anim Breed 2019 23;62(1):287-296. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin E and polyphenols on the antioxidant potential and meat quality of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with low-quality oil. The experimental materials comprised 120 male Ross 308 broilers (six treatments, 10 replications, two birds per replication). Dietary supplementation with vitamin E and/or polyphenols was applied in the following experimental design: group I (negative control) - without supplementation without low-quality oil; group II (positive control) - without supplementation low-quality oil; group III - supplementation with 100 mg kg of vitamin E low-quality oil; group IV - 200 mg kg of vitamin E low-quality oil; group V - 100 mg kg of vitamin E and 100 mg kg of polyphenols low-quality oil; group VI - 200 mg kg of polyphenols low-quality oil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/aab-62-287-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852880PMC