17,521 results match your criteria Archive For The Psychology Of Religion-archiv Fur Religionspsychologie[Journal]


Overcoming Challenges for Successful PACS Installation in Low-Resource Regions: Our Experience in Nigeria.

J Digit Imaging 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

In this paper, we walk you through our challenges, successes, and experience while participating in a Global Health Outreach Project at the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan, Nigeria. The scope of the project was to install a Picture Archive and Communication System (PACS) to establish a centralized viewing network at UCH's Radiology Department, for each of their digital modalities. Installing a PACS requires robust servers, the ability to retrieve and archive studies, ensuring workstations can view studies, and the configuration of imaging modalities to send studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10278-020-00352-yDOI Listing

Health Help-Seeking Behaviour in Spiritual Healing Practice: Records from the Panacea Society's Healing Department, 1924-1997.

J Relig Health 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge, West Road, Cambridge, CB3 9BS, UK.

Why people seek help is a question shared by both health psychologists and scholars of spiritual healing. This overlap, however, has gone unexplored. This article shows convergence between health help-seeking behaviours in spiritual healing and secular professional health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01044-1DOI Listing

The effects of acupuncture on occipital neuralgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 Jun 3;20(1):171. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Jaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Occipital neuralgia is one of the main causes of occipital pain. This systematic review aims to assess the level of evidence in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of acupuncture on occipital neuralgia.

Methods: We searched 11 databases and a journal archive from their inception up to December 2019 for relevant RCTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-02955-yDOI Listing

Leaf tissue specific transcriptome sequence and assembly datasets of Asiatic mangrove Lam.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 22;31:105747. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Kannur University, Thalassery Campus, Palayad P.O., Kannur- 670661, Kerala, India.

Transcriptome data is beneficial to explore molecular mechanisms of extreme adaptations in non- model organisms like mangroves. In this data article, five major datasets and two data sub sets of a salt secreting mangrove, Lam. were described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262405PMC

A global cloud free pixel- based image composite from Sentinel-2 data.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 21;31:105737. Epub 2020 May 21.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre.

Large-scale land cover classification from satellite imagery is still a challenge due to the big volume of data to be processed, to persistent cloud-cover in cloud-prone areas as well as seasonal artefacts that affect spatial homogeneity. Sentinel-2 times series from Copernicus Earth Observation program offer a great potential for fine scale land cover mapping thanks to high spatial and temporal resolutions, with a decametric resolution and five-day repeat time. However, the selection of best available scenes, their download together with the requirements in terms of storage and computing resources pose restrictions for large-scale land cover mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262415PMC

Data on genetic polymorphism of flax ( L.) pathogenic fungi of , and genera.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 15;31:105710. Epub 2020 May 15.

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia.

Being a valuable agricultural plant, flax ( L.) is used for oil and fiber production. However, the cultivation of this agriculture faces an urgent problem of flax susceptibility to fungal diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105710DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256288PMC

Dataset of quantitative proteomic analysis to understand aging processes in rabbit liver.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 15;31:105701. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.

Here, we present a proteomics dataset of liver proteins to understand aging in rabbits, which complements the publication "Quantitative proteomics to study aging in rabbit liver" [1]. This dataset was generated to understand the molecular basis and metabolic changes of aging processes in liver, which is the main organ involved in metabolism, detoxification, transport, and signaling. Proteins from young, middle, and old age rabbits were extracted and digested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105701DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262418PMC

Morphometric analysis of nasopalatine foramen in Sri Lankan population using CBCT.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):238-240. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Nasopalatine canal (NPC) is an important anatomical structure present in the anterior mid maxilla. It has the synonyms of incisive canal or anterior palatine canal. The objective of this study was to identify the morphometric characteristics of the NPC in group of Sri Lankan people using Cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) and to determine normal morphological course and anatomical variations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2019.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254471PMC
December 2019

Lasting the distance: The survival of alien birds shipped to New Zealand in the 19th century.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 7;10(9):3944-3953. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Department of Invasion Ecology Czech Academy of Sciences Institute of Botany Průhonice Czech Republic.

Invasive alien species are a major threat to biodiversity and human activities, providing a strong incentive to understand the processes by which alien invasion occurs. While it is important to understand the determinants of success at each of several invasion stages-transport, introduction, establishment, and spread-few studies have explored the first of these stages. Here, we quantify and analyze variation in the success of individual animals in surviving the transport stage, based on shipping records of European passerines destined for New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244811PMC

Empathic Accuracy in Female Adolescents with Conduct Disorder and Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Conduct Disorder and Empathy.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Research on empathy in youth with Conduct Disorder (CD) has primarily focused on males, with the few studies that have investigated empathy in females relying on questionnaire measures. Our primary aim was to investigate whether females with CD show empathy deficits when using a more ecologically-valid task. We used an empathic accuracy (EA) paradigm that involved watching videos of actors recalling emotional experiences and providing continuous ratings of emotional intensity (assessing EA), naming the emotion expressed (emotion recognition), and reporting whether they shared the emotion expressed (affective empathy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00659-yDOI Listing

The plague in Bologna in the year 1527.

Infez Med 2020 Jun;28(2):278-287

Istituto di Malattie Infettive, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Universitá degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

In the year 1527, following the invasion of Italy by Landsknechts, who were headed by Georg von Frundsberg, the bubonic plague appeared in the country. These soldiers were part of an army that Charles V sent to invade Italy in order to subjugate the Italian states which had adhered to the League of Cognac. In Bologna during the year 1527 believers held a procession from the Sanctuary of the Madonna del Soccorso, through the city, as far as the Church of San Rocco. Read More

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Professor William Macewen (1848-1924): The Scottish Pioneer of Surgery.

Surg Innov 2020 Jun 2:1553350620923503. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Biomedical Research Foundation, Academy of Athens , Greece.

Professor William Macewen (1848-1924) is one of the most important figures in world's surgery during 18th and early 19th century. He managed to provide numerous innovative techniques and instruments in various fields of surgery such as general surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, and thoracic surgery. His innovations had a great impact after his time and constituted the fundaments for further surgical developments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350620923503DOI Listing

Clinicopathologic Analysis of Chondroblastoma in Adults: A Single-Institution Case Series.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Jun 2:1066896920927794. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor of immature cartilage cells that generally occurs in an epiphyseal location of skeletally immature individuals. However, a few studies have reported cases in older patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of chondroblastoma in an adult population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920927794DOI Listing

Melanoma with in-frame deletion of MAP2K1: a distinct molecular subtype of cutaneous melanoma mutually exclusive from BRAF, NRAS, and NF1 mutations.

Mod Pathol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Departments of Pathology and Dermatology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA.

While the genomics of BRAF, NRAS, and other key genes influencing MAP kinase (MAPK) activity have been thoroughly characterized in melanoma, mutations in MAP2K1 (MEK1) have received significantly less attention and have consisted almost entirely of missense mutations considered secondary oncogenic drivers of melanoma. Here, we investigated melanomas with in-frame deletions of MAP2K1, alterations characterized as MAPK-activating in recent experimental models. Our case archive of clinical melanoma samples with comprehensive genomic profiling by a hybrid capture-based DNA sequencing platform was searched for MAP2K1 genetic alterations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0581-5DOI Listing

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Proteins in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Differential Immunohistochemical Expression in Different Sites and Correlation with Clinico-Pathological Features.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 May 28;10(6). Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Pathology Section, Federico II University of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

The first step leading to metastasis, or for the acquisition of local invasiveness, involves changes in the phenotype of neoplastic cells in the primary tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process that determines the acquisition of a form and a transcriptional program that are characteristic of mesenchymal cells, in epithelial cells. The factors involved in this process are E-cadherin and N-cadherin adhesion proteins and some transcription factors such as Slug and Twist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10060351DOI Listing

The presence of mycobacterial antigens in sarcoidosis associated granulomas.

Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2017 9;34(3):236-241. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran.

Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disorder with unknown etiology. The role of bacteria in pathogenesis of sarcoidosis is still controversial. This study analyses new aspects of (MTB) presence in sarcoidosis diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.36141/svdld.v34i3.5739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7170105PMC

Differentiating wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp using stable isotope and multi-element analysis of fish scales with chemometrics.

Food Chem 2020 May 21;328:127115. Epub 2020 May 21.

National Isotope Centre, GNS Science, 30 Gracefield Road, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Stable carbon (δC) and nitrogen (δN) isotope ratios and multi-element signatures of pooled fish scales were used to differentiate wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp from Dongting Lake, China. Fish scales were found to be important archives for the dietary history and trophic level of wild and farmed fish, indicating their food sources. δC and δN values of pond-farmed carp scales were comparatively enriched to wild and lake-farmed carp due to their animal protein-derived feeds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127115DOI Listing

PRISM: A Platform for Imaging in Precision Medicine.

JCO Clin Cancer Inform 2020 Jun;4:491-499

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

Purpose: Precision medicine requires an understanding of individual variability, which can only be acquired from large data collections such as those supported by the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA). We have undertaken a program to extend the types of data TCIA can support. This, in turn, will enable TCIA to play a key role in precision medicine research by collecting and disseminating high-quality, state-of-the-art, quantitative imaging data that meet the evolving needs of the cancer research community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/CCI.20.00001DOI Listing

Resin ducts as resistance traits in conifers: Linking dendrochronology and resin-based defenses.

Tree Physiol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Misión Biológica de Galicia, National Spanish Research Council (CSIC), Carballeira 8, Salcedo, 3614 Pontevedra, Spain.

Conifers have evolved different chemical and anatomical defenses against a wide range of antagonists. Resin ducts produce, store and translocate oleoresin, a complex terpenoid mixture that acts as both a physical and a chemical defense. Although resin duct characteristics (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpaa064DOI Listing

JSONize: A Scalable Machine Learning Pipeline to Model Medical Notes as Semi-structured Documents.

AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc 2020 30;2020:533-541. Epub 2020 May 30.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

The Department of Veteran's Affairs (VA) archives one of the largest corpora of clinical notes in their corporate data warehouse as unstructured text data. Unstructured text easily supports keyword searches and regular expressions. Often these simple searches do not adequately support the complex searches that need to be performed on notes. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233081PMC

Behavioral problems may be associated with multilevel lumbosacral stenosis in military working dogs.

J Vet Behav 2020 Jan-Feb;35:8-13. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Division of Animal & Nutritional Sciences; Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources & Design; 4100 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO Box 6108; West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA, 26506-6108.

Behavioral and spinal problems have been reported to be important causes of early retirement in military working dogs, however studies on possible relationships between these two problems are currently lacking. The aim of this retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was to test associations between reported behavioral problems and computed tomographic (CT) diagnoses of lumbosacral (LS) stenosis in a sample of military working dogs. . Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259540PMC

Nixon and Scheel in China: Acupuncture and Anesthesia in West and East Germany in the 1970s and 1980s.

Authors:
Wilfried Witte

J Anesth Hist 2020 Mar 23;6(1):8-12. Epub 2018 May 23.

Klinik für Anästhesie mit Schwerpunkt Intensivmedizin, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, D - 12203 Berlin. Electronic address:

Background: Acupuncture anesthesia was used instead of intubation anesthesia in the 1970s and 1980s in West Germany and West Berlin. In East Germany acupuncture played no decisive role.

Sources: Different articles and papers in journals, in daily press, statements of contemporary witnesses, films, records in archives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2018.01.003DOI Listing

Harnessing the potential of blood donation archives for influenza surveillance and control.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233605. Epub 2020 May 29.

School of Public Health, WHO Collaborating Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Many blood donation services around the globe maintain large archives of serum and/or plasma specimens of blood donations which could potentially be used for serologic surveillance and risk assessment of influenza. Harnessing this potential requires robust evidence that the outcomes of influenza serology in plasma, which is rarely used, is consistent with that in serum, which is the conventional choice of specimens for influenza serology. We harvested EDTA-plasma specimens from the blood donation archives of Hong Kong Red Cross Transfusion Services, where EDTA is the type of anticoagulant used for plasma collection, compared their antibody titers and responses to that in serum. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233605PLOS
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

Legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in archive samples of wild Bluefin tuna from the Mediterranean Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jun 1;155:111086. Epub 2020 May 1.

Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were quantified in archive samples of dorsal white muscle of the wild Bluefin tuna (BFT) (n = 9) collected in the central Adriatic. PCBs were the predominant organochlorine (OC) compounds (60.8-69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111086DOI Listing

An extended stroke rehabilitation service for people who have had a stroke: the EXTRAS RCT.

Health Technol Assess 2020 May;24(24):1-202

Stroke Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of rehabilitation in meeting the longer-term needs of stroke patients and their carers.

Objective: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an extended stroke rehabilitation service (EXTRAS).

Design: A pragmatic, observer-blind, parallel-group, multicentre randomised controlled trial with embedded health economic and process evaluations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3310/hta24240DOI Listing

A Framework for Assessing the Impact of Information-Seeking Behavior on Cancer Patients' Long-Term Prognosis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2020 ;1196:63-72

Department of Archives, Library Science & Museology, Faculty of Information Science & Informatics, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Cancer is considered as one of the main challenges of modern healthcare systems. Cancer patients are obliged to cope with the uncertainty of disease progression. Their anxiety regarding said uncertainty is intensified because they need to constantly make decisions concerning the management of their disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32637-1_6DOI Listing
January 2020

Editorial: Archives of Virology's 80th anniversary symposium-6 months later.

Authors:
Tim Skern

Arch Virol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Max Perutz Labs, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04678-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255974PMC

3' MACE RNA-sequencing allows for transcriptome profiling in human tissue samples after long-term storage.

Lab Invest 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Eye Center, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

This study aims to compare the potential of standard RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) and 3' massive analysis of c-DNA ends (MACE) RNA-sequencing for the analysis of fresh tissue and describes transcriptome profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) archival human samples by MACE. To compare MACE to standard RNA-Seq on fresh tissue, four healthy conjunctiva from four subjects were collected during vitreoretinal surgery, halved and immediately transferred to RNA lysis buffer without prior fixation and then processed for either standard RNA-Seq or MACE RNA-Seq analysis. To assess the impact of FFPE preparation on MACE, a third part was fixed in formalin and processed for paraffin embedding, and its transcriptional profile was compared with the unfixed specimens analyzed by MACE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41374-020-0446-zDOI Listing

Oscillopsia After Isolated Lateral Wall Decompression Versus Balanced or 3-Wall Decompression.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Ophthalmology Department, Ramón y Cajal Universitary Hospital, IRYCIS, Madrid.

Purpose: To assess the incidence of postoperative masticatory oscillopsia after orbital decompression, comparing results between isolated lateral wall and balanced or 3-wall orbital decompression.

Methods: An observational retrospective study was performed, involving 161 consecutive patients who underwent orbital decompression between 2008 and 2018. Patients' clinical data were registered, and archives were revised for data compilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001716DOI Listing

Are the Lives of Animals Well-spent in Laboratory Science Research? A Study of Orthopaedic Animal Studies in Turkey.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

A. Öztürk, Ö. Ersan, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: As in all fields of medicine, animal studies are widely performed in orthopaedics and have increased in number over time. However, it is not clear to what extent these studies provide a basis for future research or advancements in clinical science. Concerns about the reliability and translational ability of animal studies have been reported, and major orthopaedic journals and organizations are encouraging the reduction of unnecessary experiments on animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000001335DOI Listing

With regard to the bicentennial of the independence of Colombia: Reading practices of Antonio Nariño and the development of a presumably effective vaccine against smallpox

Biomedica 2020 05 1;40(Supl. 1):8-19. Epub 2020 May 1.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali, Colombia; Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Introduction: The social history of written culture reflects the reading and writing habits and practices that allow us to appropriate the texts to build our sense of community. Hence, the library of individuals reflects their reading habits, their way of imagining nature, their relationship with political and religious power, and their involvement with society. Objective: To interpret Antonio Nariño’s reading practices by means of the medical books in his library to approach the way he developed a presumably effective vaccine against smallpox. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.5024DOI Listing

Fungal metabarcoding data integration framework for the MycoDiversity DataBase (MDDB).

J Integr Bioinform 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science (LIACS), Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Fungi have crucial roles in ecosystems, and are important associates for many organisms. They are adapted to a wide variety of habitats, however their global distribution and diversity remains poorly documented. The exponential growth of DNA barcode information retrieved from the environment is assisting considerably the traditional ways for unraveling fungal diversity and detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jib-2019-0046DOI Listing

Angiogenesis and Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2020 Apr;14(2):93-98

Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most prevalent acute leukemia in adults. Bone marrow angiogenesis is crucial for pathogenesis of leukemia, and increasing bone marrow Mean Vascular Density (MVD) and level of angiogenesis factors are seen in patients with AML. Higher level of bone marrow MVD is associated with poor prognosis of AML according to previous studies. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231790PMC

Prescription to reduce heart palpitations, a mid-18th century prescription in the New Kingdom of Granada.

Arch Cardiol Mex 2020 ;90(2):138-143

Instituto de Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Bogotá, Colombia.

The human being, throughout history, has used plants to prevent and cure diseases. It is important to know that for a long time, the mechanism through which those plants worked was unknown, making herbal medicine a purely empirical science. Medical prescriptions in the 19th century in the Kingdom of Nueva Granada were considered a significant medical advance, as a result of knowledge and medical practices in the old continent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/ACM.19000268DOI Listing
January 2020

Indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Ospedali Riuniti Padova Sud "Madre Teresa Di Calcutta" Hub Covid Hospital Monselice (Padova)-ULSS 6 Euganea, Padua, Italy.

Background: The indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related are controversial.

Purpose: In a recent issue published in the European Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, Mattioli et al. published a short communication about tracheostomy timing in patients with COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019); they reported that the tracheostomy could allow early Intensive Care Units discharge and, in the context of prolonged Invasive Mechanical Ventilation, should be suggested within 7 and 14 days to avoid potential tracheal damages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06068-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250256PMC

Repeatability of Quantitative Imaging Features in Prostate Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Front Oncol 2020 7;10:551. Epub 2020 May 7.

Departments of Diagnostic Imaging, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, United States.

Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has emerged as a non-invasive modality to diagnose and monitor prostate cancer. Quantitative metrics on the regions of abnormality have shown to be useful descriptors to discriminate clinically significant cancers. In this study, we evaluate the reproducibility of quantitative imaging features using repeated mpMRI on the same patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221156PMC

Developing knowledge-based planning for gynaecological and rectal cancers: a clinical validation of RapidPlan.

J Med Radiat Sci 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Reserve Road, St Leonards, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: To create and clinically validate knowledge-based planning (KBP) models for gynaecologic (GYN) and rectal cancer patients. Assessment of ecologic generalisability and predictive validity of conventional planning versus single calculation KBP was reviewed against practical metrics of planning time (PT) and radiation oncologist plan preference.

Method: Study cohorts were 34 and 42 consecutively treated GYN and rectal cancer patients dosimetrically archived within the centre's research databank. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmrs.396DOI Listing

Anatomical studies of transposition - an argument for a unifying morphological classification.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham; Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

In the setting of transposition, recognition of the variability in the morphology of the outflow tracts and the arterial trunks is essential for surgical repair. Presence of a unifying system for classification would minimize the risk of misunderstanding. We examined an archive of 142 unrepaired hearts with transposition, defined as the combination of concordant atrioventricular and discordant ventriculo-arterial connections, combined with the clinical records of 727 patients undergoing the arterial switch procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2020.05.016DOI Listing

A strategy for large-scale comparison of evolutionary- and reaction-based classifications of enzyme function.

Database (Oxford) 2020 Jan;2020

Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, CA 94143, USA.

Determining the molecular function of enzymes discovered by genome sequencing represents a primary foundation for understanding many aspects of biology. Historically, classification of enzyme reactions has used the enzyme nomenclature system developed to describe the overall reactions performed by biochemically characterized enzymes, irrespective of their associated sequences. In contrast, functional classification and assignment for the millions of protein sequences of unknown function now available is largely done in two computational steps, first by similarity-based assignment of newly obtained sequences to homologous groups, followed by transferring to them the known functions of similar biochemically characterized homologs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/database/baaa034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246345PMC
January 2020

Study protocol for the antidepressant advisor (ADeSS): a decision support system for antidepressant treatment for depression in UK primary care: a feasibility study.

BMJ Open 2020 May 24;10(5):e035905. Epub 2020 May 24.

Centre for Affective Disorders, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK

Introduction: The Antidepressant Advisor Study is a feasibility trial of a computerised decision-support tool which uses an algorithm to provide antidepressant treatment guidance for general practitioners (GPs) in the UK primary care service. The tool is the first in the UK to implement national guidelines on antidepressant treatment guidance into a computerised decision-support tool.

Methods And Analysis: The study is a parallel group, cluster-randomised controlled feasibility trial where participants are blind to treatment allocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035905DOI Listing
May 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Data-based RNA-seq simulations by binomial thinning.

Authors:
David Gerard

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 May 24;21(1):206. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, American University, Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC, 20016, USA.

Background: With the explosion in the number of methods designed to analyze bulk and single-cell RNA-seq data, there is a growing need for approaches that assess and compare these methods. The usual technique is to compare methods on data simulated according to some theoretical model. However, as real data often exhibit violations from theoretical models, this can result in unsubstantiated claims of a method's performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-3450-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245910PMC

EVA technology and proteomics: a two-pronged attack on Cultural Heritage.

J Proteome Res 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

A novel way for exploring the world Cultural Heritage in the absence of damage or contamination of the items under investigation is here reported, called the EVA technique. It is based on films of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) impregnated with strong anion and cation exchangers, admixed with hydrophobic resins, C8 and C18. When in contact with any surface these films can harvest nano-moles of macromolecules (proteins and DNA) as well as metabolites, which can then be identified by standard instrumentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00080DOI Listing

Gender Bias in Medicine: Does it Exist at AUA Plenary Sessions?

Urology 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Urology; Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

Objective: To determine if gender bias exists at the plenary sessions of the American Urologic Association (AUA) annual conference by evaluating variations in the use of a professional title (PT) during speaker introductions at these sessions.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed video archives of all plenary sessions from the American Urologic Association annual conferences from 2017-2019. Videos that included both plenary introducer and speaker were included for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.012DOI Listing

Cystic liver neoplams: A single centre experience and literature review.

Cir Esp 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Unidad de Cirugía Hepato-Bilio-Pancreática y Trasplante de Órganos Abdominales, Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España; Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Introduction: The hepatic cystic tumour is a very rare neoplasm, representing about 5% of all cystic liver neoplasms. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult and can lead to confusion. The aim of this study is to analyze a number of cases operated at our centre with an histologic diagnosis of liver cystic neoplasms and also to describe the sintomathology, diagnosis and management as per the recent classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.04.007DOI Listing

The Threads of History: Why record your Pandemic Experiences for the RCPI archive?

Ir J Psychol Med 2020 May 22:1-6. Epub 2020 May 22.

Children's University Hospital Temple St, Dublin 1 & UCD Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2020.48DOI Listing

Spathial: an R package for the evolutionary analysis of biological data.

Bioinformatics 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Computational and Chemical Biology, Italian Institute of Technology, via Morego 30, Genoa, Italy.

Summary: A primary problem in high-throughput genomics experiments is finding the most important genes involved in biological processes (e.g. tumor progression). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa273DOI Listing

Supporting Self-Management of Cardiovascular Diseases Through Remote Monitoring Technologies: Metaethnography Review of Frameworks, Models, and Theories Used in Research and Development.

J Med Internet Res 2020 May 21;22(5):e16157. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Psychology, Health and Technology, Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences, Technical Medical Centre, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.

Background: Electronic health (eHealth) is a rapidly evolving field informed by multiple scientific disciplines. Because of this, the use of different terms and concepts to explain the same phenomena and lack of standardization in reporting interventions often leaves a gap that hinders knowledge accumulation. Interventions focused on self-management support of cardiovascular diseases through the use of remote monitoring technologies are a cross-disciplinary area potentially affected by this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16157DOI Listing

[Poliomyelitis in the Spanish press (1960-1975)].

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2020 May 21;94. Epub 2020 May 21.

Facultad de Enfermería y Podología. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. España.

Objective: Vaccination has been one of the most effective preventive measures to reduce the number of diseases that affect humans. The primary objective of this study is to describe the informative treatment of polio in the written press at a time when it was of great importance.

Methods: From the digital newspaper archive of the ABC and La Vanguardia newspapers, all the information in which the concept "polio", published during the period between 1960 and 1975 was selected. Read More

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