17,509 results match your criteria Archive For History Of Exact Sciences[Journal]


Professor William Macewen (1848-1924): The Scottish Pioneer of Surgery.

Surg Innov 2020 Jun 2:1553350620923503. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Biomedical Research Foundation, Academy of Athens , Greece.

Professor William Macewen (1848-1924) is one of the most important figures in world's surgery during 18th and early 19th century. He managed to provide numerous innovative techniques and instruments in various fields of surgery such as general surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, and thoracic surgery. His innovations had a great impact after his time and constituted the fundaments for further surgical developments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350620923503DOI Listing

Clinicopathologic Analysis of Chondroblastoma in Adults: A Single-Institution Case Series.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Jun 2:1066896920927794. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor of immature cartilage cells that generally occurs in an epiphyseal location of skeletally immature individuals. However, a few studies have reported cases in older patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of chondroblastoma in an adult population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896920927794DOI Listing

Melanoma with in-frame deletion of MAP2K1: a distinct molecular subtype of cutaneous melanoma mutually exclusive from BRAF, NRAS, and NF1 mutations.

Mod Pathol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Departments of Pathology and Dermatology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA.

While the genomics of BRAF, NRAS, and other key genes influencing MAP kinase (MAPK) activity have been thoroughly characterized in melanoma, mutations in MAP2K1 (MEK1) have received significantly less attention and have consisted almost entirely of missense mutations considered secondary oncogenic drivers of melanoma. Here, we investigated melanomas with in-frame deletions of MAP2K1, alterations characterized as MAPK-activating in recent experimental models. Our case archive of clinical melanoma samples with comprehensive genomic profiling by a hybrid capture-based DNA sequencing platform was searched for MAP2K1 genetic alterations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0581-5DOI Listing

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Proteins in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Differential Immunohistochemical Expression in Different Sites and Correlation with Clinico-Pathological Features.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 May 28;10(6). Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Pathology Section, Federico II University of Naples, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

The first step leading to metastasis, or for the acquisition of local invasiveness, involves changes in the phenotype of neoplastic cells in the primary tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process that determines the acquisition of a form and a transcriptional program that are characteristic of mesenchymal cells, in epithelial cells. The factors involved in this process are E-cadherin and N-cadherin adhesion proteins and some transcription factors such as Slug and Twist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10060351DOI Listing

The presence of mycobacterial antigens in sarcoidosis associated granulomas.

Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2017 9;34(3):236-241. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Tobacco Prevention and Control Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran.

Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disorder with unknown etiology. The role of bacteria in pathogenesis of sarcoidosis is still controversial. This study analyses new aspects of (MTB) presence in sarcoidosis diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.36141/svdld.v34i3.5739DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7170105PMC

Differentiating wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp using stable isotope and multi-element analysis of fish scales with chemometrics.

Food Chem 2020 May 21;328:127115. Epub 2020 May 21.

National Isotope Centre, GNS Science, 30 Gracefield Road, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Stable carbon (δC) and nitrogen (δN) isotope ratios and multi-element signatures of pooled fish scales were used to differentiate wild, lake-farmed and pond-farmed carp from Dongting Lake, China. Fish scales were found to be important archives for the dietary history and trophic level of wild and farmed fish, indicating their food sources. δC and δN values of pond-farmed carp scales were comparatively enriched to wild and lake-farmed carp due to their animal protein-derived feeds. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127115DOI Listing

PRISM: A Platform for Imaging in Precision Medicine.

JCO Clin Cancer Inform 2020 Jun;4:491-499

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

Purpose: Precision medicine requires an understanding of individual variability, which can only be acquired from large data collections such as those supported by the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA). We have undertaken a program to extend the types of data TCIA can support. This, in turn, will enable TCIA to play a key role in precision medicine research by collecting and disseminating high-quality, state-of-the-art, quantitative imaging data that meet the evolving needs of the cancer research community. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/CCI.20.00001DOI Listing

Resin ducts as resistance traits in conifers: Linking dendrochronology and resin-based defenses.

Tree Physiol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Misión Biológica de Galicia, National Spanish Research Council (CSIC), Carballeira 8, Salcedo, 3614 Pontevedra, Spain.

Conifers have evolved different chemical and anatomical defenses against a wide range of antagonists. Resin ducts produce, store and translocate oleoresin, a complex terpenoid mixture that acts as both a physical and a chemical defense. Although resin duct characteristics (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpaa064DOI Listing

JSONize: A Scalable Machine Learning Pipeline to Model Medical Notes as Semi-structured Documents.

AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc 2020 30;2020:533-541. Epub 2020 May 30.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

The Department of Veteran's Affairs (VA) archives one of the largest corpora of clinical notes in their corporate data warehouse as unstructured text data. Unstructured text easily supports keyword searches and regular expressions. Often these simple searches do not adequately support the complex searches that need to be performed on notes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Behavioral problems may be associated with multilevel lumbosacral stenosis in military working dogs.

J Vet Behav 2020 Jan-Feb;35:8-13. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Division of Animal & Nutritional Sciences; Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources & Design; 4100 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO Box 6108; West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA, 26506-6108.

Behavioral and spinal problems have been reported to be important causes of early retirement in military working dogs, however studies on possible relationships between these two problems are currently lacking. The aim of this retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was to test associations between reported behavioral problems and computed tomographic (CT) diagnoses of lumbosacral (LS) stenosis in a sample of military working dogs. . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Nixon and Scheel in China: Acupuncture and Anesthesia in West and East Germany in the 1970s and 1980s.

Authors:
Wilfried Witte

J Anesth Hist 2020 Mar 23;6(1):8-12. Epub 2018 May 23.

Klinik für Anästhesie mit Schwerpunkt Intensivmedizin, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, D - 12203 Berlin. Electronic address:

Background: Acupuncture anesthesia was used instead of intubation anesthesia in the 1970s and 1980s in West Germany and West Berlin. In East Germany acupuncture played no decisive role.

Sources: Different articles and papers in journals, in daily press, statements of contemporary witnesses, films, records in archives. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janh.2018.01.003DOI Listing

Harnessing the potential of blood donation archives for influenza surveillance and control.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233605. Epub 2020 May 29.

School of Public Health, WHO Collaborating Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Many blood donation services around the globe maintain large archives of serum and/or plasma specimens of blood donations which could potentially be used for serologic surveillance and risk assessment of influenza. Harnessing this potential requires robust evidence that the outcomes of influenza serology in plasma, which is rarely used, is consistent with that in serum, which is the conventional choice of specimens for influenza serology. We harvested EDTA-plasma specimens from the blood donation archives of Hong Kong Red Cross Transfusion Services, where EDTA is the type of anticoagulant used for plasma collection, compared their antibody titers and responses to that in serum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233605PLOS
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

Legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in archive samples of wild Bluefin tuna from the Mediterranean Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jun 1;155:111086. Epub 2020 May 1.

Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia.

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were quantified in archive samples of dorsal white muscle of the wild Bluefin tuna (BFT) (n = 9) collected in the central Adriatic. PCBs were the predominant organochlorine (OC) compounds (60.8-69. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111086DOI Listing

An extended stroke rehabilitation service for people who have had a stroke: the EXTRAS RCT.

Health Technol Assess 2020 May;24(24):1-202

Stroke Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Background: There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of rehabilitation in meeting the longer-term needs of stroke patients and their carers.

Objective: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an extended stroke rehabilitation service (EXTRAS).

Design: A pragmatic, observer-blind, parallel-group, multicentre randomised controlled trial with embedded health economic and process evaluations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3310/hta24240DOI Listing

A Framework for Assessing the Impact of Information-Seeking Behavior on Cancer Patients' Long-Term Prognosis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2020 ;1196:63-72

Department of Archives, Library Science & Museology, Faculty of Information Science & Informatics, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece.

Cancer is considered as one of the main challenges of modern healthcare systems. Cancer patients are obliged to cope with the uncertainty of disease progression. Their anxiety regarding said uncertainty is intensified because they need to constantly make decisions concerning the management of their disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32637-1_6DOI Listing
January 2020

Editorial: Archives of Virology's 80th anniversary symposium-6 months later.

Authors:
Tim Skern

Arch Virol 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Max Perutz Labs, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04678-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255974PMC

3' MACE RNA-sequencing allows for transcriptome profiling in human tissue samples after long-term storage.

Lab Invest 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Eye Center, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

This study aims to compare the potential of standard RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) and 3' massive analysis of c-DNA ends (MACE) RNA-sequencing for the analysis of fresh tissue and describes transcriptome profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) archival human samples by MACE. To compare MACE to standard RNA-Seq on fresh tissue, four healthy conjunctiva from four subjects were collected during vitreoretinal surgery, halved and immediately transferred to RNA lysis buffer without prior fixation and then processed for either standard RNA-Seq or MACE RNA-Seq analysis. To assess the impact of FFPE preparation on MACE, a third part was fixed in formalin and processed for paraffin embedding, and its transcriptional profile was compared with the unfixed specimens analyzed by MACE. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41374-020-0446-zDOI Listing

Oscillopsia After Isolated Lateral Wall Decompression Versus Balanced or 3-Wall Decompression.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Ophthalmology Department, Ramón y Cajal Universitary Hospital, IRYCIS, Madrid.

Purpose: To assess the incidence of postoperative masticatory oscillopsia after orbital decompression, comparing results between isolated lateral wall and balanced or 3-wall orbital decompression.

Methods: An observational retrospective study was performed, involving 161 consecutive patients who underwent orbital decompression between 2008 and 2018. Patients' clinical data were registered, and archives were revised for data compilation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001716DOI Listing

Are the Lives of Animals Well-spent in Laboratory Science Research? A Study of Orthopaedic Animal Studies in Turkey.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

A. Öztürk, Ö. Ersan, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: As in all fields of medicine, animal studies are widely performed in orthopaedics and have increased in number over time. However, it is not clear to what extent these studies provide a basis for future research or advancements in clinical science. Concerns about the reliability and translational ability of animal studies have been reported, and major orthopaedic journals and organizations are encouraging the reduction of unnecessary experiments on animals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000001335DOI Listing

With regard to the bicentennial of the independence of Colombia: Reading practices of Antonio Nariño and the development of a presumably effective vaccine against smallpox

Biomedica 2020 05 1;40(Supl. 1):8-19. Epub 2020 May 1.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali, Colombia; Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Introduction: The social history of written culture reflects the reading and writing habits and practices that allow us to appropriate the texts to build our sense of community. Hence, the library of individuals reflects their reading habits, their way of imagining nature, their relationship with political and religious power, and their involvement with society. Objective: To interpret Antonio Nariño’s reading practices by means of the medical books in his library to approach the way he developed a presumably effective vaccine against smallpox. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.5024DOI Listing

Fungal metabarcoding data integration framework for the MycoDiversity DataBase (MDDB).

J Integr Bioinform 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science (LIACS), Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Fungi have crucial roles in ecosystems, and are important associates for many organisms. They are adapted to a wide variety of habitats, however their global distribution and diversity remains poorly documented. The exponential growth of DNA barcode information retrieved from the environment is assisting considerably the traditional ways for unraveling fungal diversity and detection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jib-2019-0046DOI Listing

Angiogenesis and Minimal Residual Disease in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res 2020 Apr;14(2):93-98

Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most prevalent acute leukemia in adults. Bone marrow angiogenesis is crucial for pathogenesis of leukemia, and increasing bone marrow Mean Vascular Density (MVD) and level of angiogenesis factors are seen in patients with AML. Higher level of bone marrow MVD is associated with poor prognosis of AML according to previous studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231790PMC

Prescription to reduce heart palpitations, a mid-18th century prescription in the New Kingdom of Granada.

Arch Cardiol Mex 2020 ;90(2):138-143

Instituto de Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Bogotá, Colombia.

The human being, throughout history, has used plants to prevent and cure diseases. It is important to know that for a long time, the mechanism through which those plants worked was unknown, making herbal medicine a purely empirical science. Medical prescriptions in the 19th century in the Kingdom of Nueva Granada were considered a significant medical advance, as a result of knowledge and medical practices in the old continent. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/ACM.19000268DOI Listing
January 2020

Indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Ospedali Riuniti Padova Sud "Madre Teresa Di Calcutta" Hub Covid Hospital Monselice (Padova)-ULSS 6 Euganea, Padua, Italy.

Background: The indications and timing for tracheostomy in patients with SARS CoV2-related are controversial.

Purpose: In a recent issue published in the European Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, Mattioli et al. published a short communication about tracheostomy timing in patients with COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019); they reported that the tracheostomy could allow early Intensive Care Units discharge and, in the context of prolonged Invasive Mechanical Ventilation, should be suggested within 7 and 14 days to avoid potential tracheal damages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06068-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250256PMC

Repeatability of Quantitative Imaging Features in Prostate Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Front Oncol 2020 7;10:551. Epub 2020 May 7.

Departments of Diagnostic Imaging, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, United States.

Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has emerged as a non-invasive modality to diagnose and monitor prostate cancer. Quantitative metrics on the regions of abnormality have shown to be useful descriptors to discriminate clinically significant cancers. In this study, we evaluate the reproducibility of quantitative imaging features using repeated mpMRI on the same patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7221156PMC

Developing knowledge-based planning for gynaecological and rectal cancers: a clinical validation of RapidPlan.

J Med Radiat Sci 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Reserve Road, St Leonards, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: To create and clinically validate knowledge-based planning (KBP) models for gynaecologic (GYN) and rectal cancer patients. Assessment of ecologic generalisability and predictive validity of conventional planning versus single calculation KBP was reviewed against practical metrics of planning time (PT) and radiation oncologist plan preference.

Method: Study cohorts were 34 and 42 consecutively treated GYN and rectal cancer patients dosimetrically archived within the centre's research databank. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmrs.396DOI Listing

Anatomical studies of transposition - an argument for a unifying morphological classification.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham; Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

In the setting of transposition, recognition of the variability in the morphology of the outflow tracts and the arterial trunks is essential for surgical repair. Presence of a unifying system for classification would minimize the risk of misunderstanding. We examined an archive of 142 unrepaired hearts with transposition, defined as the combination of concordant atrioventricular and discordant ventriculo-arterial connections, combined with the clinical records of 727 patients undergoing the arterial switch procedures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2020.05.016DOI Listing

A strategy for large-scale comparison of evolutionary- and reaction-based classifications of enzyme function.

Database (Oxford) 2020 Jan;2020

Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, CA 94143, USA.

Determining the molecular function of enzymes discovered by genome sequencing represents a primary foundation for understanding many aspects of biology. Historically, classification of enzyme reactions has used the enzyme nomenclature system developed to describe the overall reactions performed by biochemically characterized enzymes, irrespective of their associated sequences. In contrast, functional classification and assignment for the millions of protein sequences of unknown function now available is largely done in two computational steps, first by similarity-based assignment of newly obtained sequences to homologous groups, followed by transferring to them the known functions of similar biochemically characterized homologs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/database/baaa034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246345PMC
January 2020

Study protocol for the antidepressant advisor (ADeSS): a decision support system for antidepressant treatment for depression in UK primary care: a feasibility study.

BMJ Open 2020 May 24;10(5):e035905. Epub 2020 May 24.

Centre for Affective Disorders, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK

Introduction: The Antidepressant Advisor Study is a feasibility trial of a computerised decision-support tool which uses an algorithm to provide antidepressant treatment guidance for general practitioners (GPs) in the UK primary care service. The tool is the first in the UK to implement national guidelines on antidepressant treatment guidance into a computerised decision-support tool.

Methods And Analysis: The study is a parallel group, cluster-randomised controlled feasibility trial where participants are blind to treatment allocation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035905DOI Listing
May 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Data-based RNA-seq simulations by binomial thinning.

Authors:
David Gerard

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 May 24;21(1):206. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, American University, Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC, 20016, USA.

Background: With the explosion in the number of methods designed to analyze bulk and single-cell RNA-seq data, there is a growing need for approaches that assess and compare these methods. The usual technique is to compare methods on data simulated according to some theoretical model. However, as real data often exhibit violations from theoretical models, this can result in unsubstantiated claims of a method's performance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-3450-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245910PMC

EVA technology and proteomics: a two-pronged attack on Cultural Heritage.

J Proteome Res 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

A novel way for exploring the world Cultural Heritage in the absence of damage or contamination of the items under investigation is here reported, called the EVA technique. It is based on films of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) impregnated with strong anion and cation exchangers, admixed with hydrophobic resins, C8 and C18. When in contact with any surface these films can harvest nano-moles of macromolecules (proteins and DNA) as well as metabolites, which can then be identified by standard instrumentation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00080DOI Listing

Gender Bias in Medicine: Does it Exist at AUA Plenary Sessions?

Urology 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Urology; Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

Objective: To determine if gender bias exists at the plenary sessions of the American Urologic Association (AUA) annual conference by evaluating variations in the use of a professional title (PT) during speaker introductions at these sessions.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed video archives of all plenary sessions from the American Urologic Association annual conferences from 2017-2019. Videos that included both plenary introducer and speaker were included for analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.05.012DOI Listing

Cystic liver neoplams: A single centre experience and literature review.

Cir Esp 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Unidad de Cirugía Hepato-Bilio-Pancreática y Trasplante de Órganos Abdominales, Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España; Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Introduction: The hepatic cystic tumour is a very rare neoplasm, representing about 5% of all cystic liver neoplasms. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult and can lead to confusion. The aim of this study is to analyze a number of cases operated at our centre with an histologic diagnosis of liver cystic neoplasms and also to describe the sintomathology, diagnosis and management as per the recent classification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ciresp.2020.04.007DOI Listing

The Threads of History: Why record your Pandemic Experiences for the RCPI archive?

Ir J Psychol Med 2020 May 22:1-6. Epub 2020 May 22.

Children's University Hospital Temple St, Dublin 1 & UCD Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2020.48DOI Listing

Spathial: an R package for the evolutionary analysis of biological data.

Bioinformatics 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Computational and Chemical Biology, Italian Institute of Technology, via Morego 30, Genoa, Italy.

Summary: A primary problem in high-throughput genomics experiments is finding the most important genes involved in biological processes (e.g. tumor progression). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa273DOI Listing

Supporting Self-Management of Cardiovascular Diseases Through Remote Monitoring Technologies: Metaethnography Review of Frameworks, Models, and Theories Used in Research and Development.

J Med Internet Res 2020 May 21;22(5):e16157. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Psychology, Health and Technology, Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences, Technical Medical Centre, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.

Background: Electronic health (eHealth) is a rapidly evolving field informed by multiple scientific disciplines. Because of this, the use of different terms and concepts to explain the same phenomena and lack of standardization in reporting interventions often leaves a gap that hinders knowledge accumulation. Interventions focused on self-management support of cardiovascular diseases through the use of remote monitoring technologies are a cross-disciplinary area potentially affected by this gap. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16157DOI Listing

[Poliomyelitis in the Spanish press (1960-1975)].

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2020 May 21;94. Epub 2020 May 21.

Facultad de Enfermería y Podología. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. España.

Objective: Vaccination has been one of the most effective preventive measures to reduce the number of diseases that affect humans. The primary objective of this study is to describe the informative treatment of polio in the written press at a time when it was of great importance.

Methods: From the digital newspaper archive of the ABC and La Vanguardia newspapers, all the information in which the concept "polio", published during the period between 1960 and 1975 was selected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Increased Weekly Mean PM, and NO Are Associated With Increased Proportions of Lower Airway Granulocytes in Ontario Horses.

Front Vet Sci 2020 5;7:185. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Ambient pollution is associated with the development and exacerbation of human asthma, but whether air pollution exposure is associated with lower airway inflammation in horses has not been fully evaluated. The Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) is an online tool used by asthmatic Ontarians to modify their outdoor activity when ambient pollution is high. A single AQHI value, falling on a scale from 1 to 10, is calculated from measurements of fine particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO), and ozone (O). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214617PMC

Population genetic structure and predominance of cyclical parthenogenesis in the bird cherry-oat aphid in England.

Evol Appl 2020 May 3;13(5):1009-1025. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Rothamsted Insect Survey, Biointeractions and Crop Protection Department Rothamsted Research Harpenden UK.

Genetic diversity is the determinant for pest species' success and vector competence. Understanding the ecological and evolutionary processes that determine the genetic diversity is fundamental to help identify the spatial scale at which pest populations are best managed. In the present study, we present the first comprehensive analysis of the genetic diversity and evolution of , a major pest of cereals and a main vector of the barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV), in England. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232763PMC

MetaSanity: An integrated microbial genome evaluation and annotation pipeline.

Bioinformatics 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA90089, USA.

Summary: As the importance of microbiome research continues to become more prevalent and essential to understanding a wide variety of ecosystems (e.g., marine, built, host-associated, etc. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa512DOI Listing

Clinicopathological Profile of Castleman's Disease in Indian Population: Experience From a Tertiary Care Center.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2020 Apr 25;36(2):254-259. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

5Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029 India.

Castleman's disease (CD), also known as angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, a rare, non-malignant chronic lymphoproliferative disease characterized by, uni or multicentric lymphadenopathy. There is limited information about the clinicopathological variations and associations of this entity. A total of 50 cases of CD were retrieved from the archives, between the years 2005-2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-019-01191-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229093PMC
April 2020
0.234 Impact Factor

Integrating cross-modality hallucinated MRI with CT to aid mediastinal lung tumor segmentation.

Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv 2019 Oct 10;11769:221-229. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Lung tumors, especially those located close to or surrounded by soft tissues like the mediastinum, are difficult to segment due to the low soft tissue contrast on computed tomography images. Magnetic resonance images contain superior soft-tissue contrast information that can be leveraged if both modalities were available for training. Therefore, we developed a cross-modality educed learning approach where MR information that is educed from CT is used to hallucinate MRI and improve CT segmentation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32226-7_25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225573PMC
October 2019

Karyological and bioinformatic data on the common chameleon .

Data Brief 2020 Jun 30;30:105640. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Napoli Federico II, Via Cinthia 26, 80126 Napoli, Italy.

The data presented in this paper stand as supplementary information of the associated article "Karyological characterization of the common chameleon () provides insights on the evolution and diversification of sex chromosomes in Chamaeleonidae" [1]. This work provides (i) raw experimental data on the karyology of the common chameleon and (ii) the results of bioinformatic analysis on sex-specific and repeated DNA sequences found in the same species. The karyological information here presented includes traditional staining method (Giemsa staining) and sequential C-banding + fluorochromes performed on Tunisian samples of the species. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215088PMC

Rainfall, groundwater, and surface water isotope data from extreme tropical cyclones (2016-2019) within the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean basins.

Data Brief 2020 Jun 30;30:105633. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Stable Isotopes Research Group and Water Resources Management Laboratory, Universidad Nacional, Heredia 86-3000, Costa Rica.

Under a changing climate, projections estimate that over the next thirty years, extreme Tropical Cyclones (TCs) will increase in frequency, with two to three times more Category 4 and 5 hurricanes in the Atlantic basin between 20°N and 40°N. In recent years, the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean basins have experienced several extreme TCs, resulting in extensive human, ecological, and economic damage [1], [2], [3]. To improve understanding of TCs and their potential impacts in the face of climate change, physically based understanding of past climate and modern TC dynamics is necessary. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105633DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214822PMC

Eliciting emotion ratings for a set of film clips: A preliminary archive for research in emotion.

J Soc Psychol 2020 May 18:1-22. Epub 2020 May 18.

Mount Saint Vincent University.

Film clips are commonly used to elicit subjectively experienced emotional states for many research purposes, but film clips currently available in databases are out of date, include a limited set of emotions, and/or pertain to only one conceptualization of emotion. This work reports validation data from two studies aimed to elicit basic and complex emotions (amusement, anger, anxiety, compassion, contentment, disgust, fear, happiness/joy, irritation, neutrality, pride, relief, sadness, surprise), equally distributed according to valence (positive, negative) and intensity (high, low). Participants rated film clips according to the degree of experienced emotion, and for valence and arousal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2020.1758016DOI Listing

Head and neck cancer patient images for determining auto-segmentation accuracy in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging through expert manual segmentations.

Med Phys 2020 Jun;47(5):2317-2322

Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiotherapy treatment planning has rapidly increased due to its ability to evaluate patient's anatomy without the use of ionizing radiation and due to its high soft tissue contrast. For these reasons, MRI has become the modality of choice for longitudinal and adaptive treatment studies. Automatic segmentation could offer many benefits for these studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.13942DOI Listing

Intimate partner violence in Greece: a study of 664 consecutive forensic clinical examinations.

Fam Pract 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a well-known phenomenon, which affects mostly women. While IPV victims may attend emergency departments (EDs) seeking medical care, not all of them will make an allegation against their abusers.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and the characteristics of the victims, who had made an allegation about the violent incident and had been examined by a forensic pathologist for judicial purposes, and had attended EDs seeking medical care, before the forensic examination. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmaa052DOI Listing

IDH1 mutation prediction using MR-based radiomics in glioblastoma: comparison between manual and fully automated deep learning-based approach of tumor segmentation.

Eur J Radiol 2020 Apr 30;128:109031. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine whether MR-based radiomics of glioblastoma can predict the isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) mutation status and compare predictive performances between manual and fully automatic deep-learning segmentations.

Method: Forty-five glioblastoma patients with pretreatment T2-weighted MRIs were retrospectively evaluated. Manual segmentations of glioblastoma and peri-tumoral edema were trained via a deep neural network (V-Net). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.109031DOI Listing