1,379 results match your criteria Archiv fur Kriminologie[Journal]


Fatal bleeding from an aortocoronary bypass.

Arch Kriminol 2017 Mar;239(3-4):129-134

Coronary bypass grafting is a routine procedure in heart surgery, which can now also be performed using a minimally invasive technique on the beating heart. In the presented case, a 55-year-old man died two days after bypass surgery. His condition had deteriorated post-operatively over 2 days until he finally died from multi-organ failure and cardiogenic shock. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2017
1 Read

Interdisciplinary teaching and training - A medicolegal specialty.

Arch Kriminol 2017 Mar;239(3-4):117-128

The Frankfurt model is described to exemplify the teaching and training concepts implemented at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Frankfurt am Main up to 2015. The Frankfurt model describes a comprehensive, networked teaching system aiming at an interdisciplinary training. Interdisciplinarity is a domain of forensic medicine as a broadly diversified subject related to various scientific disciplines. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Case report on the feasibility of determining the compatibility between mandible and skull by morphological examination.

Arch Kriminol 2017 Mar;239(3-4):99-108

When human bones are found it is important to establish whether they belong to one or more individuals. Osteological examinations assessing morphological characteristics provide an important tool, in particular for a first appraisal. In the reported case, an isolated, toothless mandible that had been found in a river appeared to be too large to match a skull found in the same context. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2017
2 Reads

[A case of acrania?].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):57-63

The article reports on the case of a premature and stillborn child. As a first step it had to be clarified whether the child had been alive. The pathological examination of the placenta performed after autopsy could prove a retroplacental hematoma as the cause of death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017

[Stature estimation from teeth and jaw].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):45-56

After the discovery of skeletonized human remains, the estimation of stature is an important element of the so-called "biological profile". Typically, long bone lengths are used in regression formulas. If long bones are not available, predictions of stature cannot be made. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017
2 Reads

[Rare causes of iatrogenic pericardial tamponade - 2 case reports].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):36-44

Two rare causes of iatrogenic pericardial effusions are presented. In the first case, a 61-year-old woman who had undergone laparoscopic surgery for a diaphragmatic hernia was resuscitated without success the next day. As cause of death circulatory failure as a result of post-operative pulmonary embolism was reported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017
1 Read

[Drinking study on the pharmacokinetics of the grappa congener 2-butanol].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):27-35

A drinking study on the pharmacokinetics of the typical grappa congeners 2-butanol and 2-butanone (methyl ethyl ketone) was performed. It was expected that the concentration ratio might provide a means to estimate the time of ingestion of a grappa beverage. Twelve subjects drank a volume of the grappa "Vecchio di Prosecco" (42 vol%) to reach a blood alcohollevel of 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017

[Matching bite marks using modeling wax plates].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):18-26

Bite marks are rarely seen in forensic medical examinations. In most cases one can easily differentiate whether a bite mark is of human or animal origin due to the arched shape and crushed character of human bite marks. From a forensic point of view it is more interesting whether a dental imprint has been caused by an adult or a child, because children are often abused for a defensive statement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017

[National and international aspects of the medico-legal examination of injured witnesses and defendants in criminal proceedings].

Arch Kriminol 2017 01;239(1-2):1-17

Depending on the type of offence, the medico-legal examination of victims of violence for the purpose of collecting evidence in criminal proceedings requires prompt physical examination of the victim, the exact description and, wherever possible, photographic documentation of the injuries and their forensically correct interpretation. Examination, documentation and assessment have to meet minimum standards. In addition it must be ensured that the examiner or expert has an independent organisational, administrative and financial status. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2017
3 Reads

Quality of death certificates in hospitals.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Nov;238(5-6):198-206

The cause-of-death-statistics and the release of the body for burial depend primarily on the information contained in the death certificate. How to handle the death certificate has been critically discussed in professional circles again and again. A retrospective review of 1,315 deaths from six acute care hospitals in Germany was carried out with regard to the quality of the death certificates, taking into account information contained in the medical records. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2016

Field study to detect illicit and medicinal drugs in car drivers in Southern and Western Hesse.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Nov;238(5-6):173-187

In the present study, immunochemical tests (Mahsan DrugInspector, DOA4, DOA8, DOA10, Protzek) as well as the detection rate of police checks were evaluated. Urine and blood samples of suspected car drivers were analysed by chromatography-mass spectrometry. Additionally, anonymised urine samples were analysed on a voluntary basis in cases where no legal proceedings were initiated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2016

Nicolò Paganini's hair lock for Signora Chatterton - morphological hair investigations using digital light microscopy.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Nov;238(5-6):153-172

The famous violin virtuoso Nicolò Paganini (born on 27 October 1782 in Genoa, died on 27 May 1840 in Nice) left us with many puzzles. An interesting aspect is his hair: In the 19th century, hair given away as a token of friendship or romantic love became very popular, and Paganini also seems to have made use of this fad. In 2009, a lock of hair, purportedly that of Paganini, kept in a locked presentation box together with a bilingual autograph inscription saying: "Alla Signora Chatterton avec les compliments de Nicolò Paganini" was bought at an auction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2016

Histological and immunohistochemical investigations on infantile pancreas in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):136-146

The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as unexpected death of a previously healthy infant with no cause of death being established. Comprehensive histological and immunohistochemical investigations are required subsequent to autopsy. In 18 cases of sudden infant death, histological (H&E, PAS and iron stain) and immunohistochemical investigations (CD68, CD45RO and LCA) were performed regarding a possible role of pancreatitis in SIDS and histomorphological alterations of the pancreatic islets, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Malrotation syndrome resulting in fatal ileus in children.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):128-135

Background: This report deals with two deaths of children involving intestinal volvulus, i. e. a pathological knotting and twisting of the mesenterial root on the basis of congenital malrotation followed by obstruction and extensive ischaenia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Fatal visit to the general practitioner.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):120-127

A 31-year-old female asthmatic patient received an infusion of metamizole and tramadol for chronic pain at a GP surgery. After a few minutes, the patient developed breaing difficulties and died in spite of resuscitation measures. The general practitioner was suspected of medical malpractice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016
4 Reads

Skide godt! - Phenomenon Olsen gang from a forensic point of view.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):107-119

Introduction: The Olsen gang is a 14-episode film series about a gang of three thieves, who are very imaginative, but often unsuccessful in their burglary attempts "to score a real hit". In Denmark, the German Democratic Republic and Poland the films about Egon Olsen were blockbusters and still enjoy cult status there. Apart from a small amount of popular literature, the phenomenon of the Olsen gang has never been scientifically investigated from a forensic point of view so far. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Fatal injuries caused by a bull.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):99-106

Fatalities caused by cattle occur relatively often in rural areas and mostly show sharp and blunt injuries. In the presented case, a 61-year-old farmer was found dead in a cowshed together with an untied bull. Autopsy revealed severe hemorrhages and massive chest trauma with multiple bilateral rib fractures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

,,Flora and fauna" in criminalistics - an analysis of the current use and relevance of non-human biological trace materials in criminal proceedings.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Sep;238(3-4):81-98

The analysis of biological, non-human trace specimens can contribute significantly to solving a criminal case. The present study searches the relevant German criminal, forensic, legal and biological literature, focusing on animal hairs, insects and plant fragments, and assesses the current opportunities of this special forensic branch and its acceptance and relevance for the evidence in court. It turns out that the analysis of these trace materials has an enormous range of potential applications which should not only be reflected in the forensic sciences, but also in the criminal trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2016

Subnuclear lipid-containing vacuolization in cases of ketoacidosis - correlation of morphological findings and ketone body concentrations.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):57-63

In a study on alcoholics, diabetics, cases of hypothermia, combinations of alcoholism, diabetes and hypothermia as well as 55 controls, ketone body measurements were performed in femoral vein blood, heart blood, vitreous humor, cerebrospinal fluid and urine. Histological investigations were carried out on the kidneys of the deceased. In addition to HE-staining, the cuts were stained with Sudan and PAS to allow differentiation between lipids and glycogens. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
2 Reads

So-called skin signs in acute pancreatitis.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):42-56

Skin signs in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (e. g., Cullen's and Grey-Turner's sign) have been described in clinical medicine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
1 Read

Interrupted (self -)medication with pancuronium(bromide) and fatal outcome.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):33-41

Pancuronium(bromide) is used because of its relaxing effect on striated muscles and usually requires artificial respiration. A 52-year-old woman suffered from long-standing "generalized dystonia", which had become resistant to conventional therapy. Therefore, an anesthetist established a permanent medication scheme with pancuronium using a PCA pump. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
2 Reads

The Clinical-Forensic Network of Styria as a pilot project: findings of the accompanying socio-scientific study.

Authors:

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):25-32

The clinical-forensic documentation of domestic violence and sexual offences should preferably be done shortly after the incident both under standardized and professional conditions in order to secure items of evidence for any legal proceedings in the best possible way. For this purpose, Austria's first low-threshold clinical forensic care unit was founded in 2008 in Graz. The resulting model project "Clinical-Forensic Network of Styria" (,,Klinisch-forensisches Netzwerk Steiermark") was developed to offer Styria-wide low-threshold facilities for forensic examinations, legally admissible documentation and securing of evidence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Justus v. Liebig and forensic toxicology.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):16-24

Justus Liebig (1803-1873) was a renowned chemist, successful in many fields such as chemical analysis, agricultural chemistry, food chemistry, academic teaching and also forensic toxicology. He excelled in court in his role as an analyst and expert and appeared in extraordinary poisoning cases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

About the influence of burial on the development of forensically relevant blow fly larvae.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Aug;238(1-2):1-15

The determination of the minimum post-mortem interval (PMImin) based on the age estimation of necrophagous blowflies is an established forensic technique. Blow fly larvae are able to continue their development to the adult insect on buried corpses. However, it is not clear which factors influence their viability under these circumstances or to what extent. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
1 Read

[An unusual bodily injury].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):212-9

In most cases, bodily harm results from the use of sharp objects or blunt force. This paper deals with a 42-year-old pharmacist who was known to the police and the courts because of several previous convictions for bodily injury. The man had visited a pub just before it closed and was therefore not served any drinks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
8 Reads

[Stature estimation from sagittal and coronal suture lengths for Central European individuals].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):204-11

$Human skulls frequently represent the only skeletal remains of an unidentified corpse available for forensic osteological examination. Skulls are very useful in reliably determining sex and also yield fairly good clues to an individual's age and ancestry. To date, however, a sufficiently accurate correlation between skull measurements and stature could not be found. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
2 Reads

[True color accuracy in digital forensic photography].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):190-203

Forensic photographs not only need to be unaltered and authentic and capture context-relevant images, along with certain minimum requirements for image sharpness and information density, but color accuracy also plays an important role, for instance, in the assessment of injuries or taphonomic stages, or in the identification and evaluation of traces from photos. The perception of color not only varies subjectively from person to person, but as a discrete property of an image, color in digital photos is also to a considerable extent influenced by technical factors such as lighting, acquisition settings, camera, and output medium (print, monitor). For these reasons, consistent color accuracy has so far been limited in digital photography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
9 Reads

[Sepsis due to fusobacteria in a young adult].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):182-9

Fusobacteria belong to the normal population of the pharyngeal mucosa as well as the mucosa of the upper airways and the gastrointestinal tract. Infections are comparatively rare. The most common causative organism is Fusobacterium necrophorum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
2 Reads

[Skull fracture or accessory suture in a child?].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):172-81

Differentiation between accessory sutures and fractures in the skull of an infant can be difficult. Apart from the regular sutures there is a multitude of variations that may be mistaken for a fracture line. Such variations include for instance the intraparietal suture between the two ossification centers of the parietal bone or the mendosal suture between the supraoccipital and interparietal bone of the occipital squama. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
1 Read

[Reconstructive investigations and identification measures in unknown soldiers of the Second World War].

Arch Kriminol 2016 May-Jun;237(5-6):153-71

The article reports on the exhumation and identification of unknown soldiers from the Second World War. With the help of medicolegal investigation and reconstruction methods an American pilot presumably murdered by a shot to the head (lynch law) and an interned Italian soldier could be identified after about 70 years and brought back home. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2016
7 Reads

[Fatal explosion injuries from blasting a cigarette machine].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar-Apr;237(3-4):130-42

In the last few years, a growing number of cases have been reported in Germany in which vending machines have been blasted by criminals to get at the money. Thus, it was only a question of time for the first fatalities to occur as a consequence of such careless explosions. We report on the death of a 16-year-old boy who died after triggering an explosion by spraying a deodorant into the coin slot of a cigarette machine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
2 Reads

[Homicides committed by women in the area served by the Munich Institute of Legal Medicine].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar-Apr;237(3-4):116-29

According to crime statistics only a small percentage of intentional killings are committed by women. Female emancipation has not changed this finding. In spite of numerous studies in the field of psychiatry and social criminology there are few systematic investigations analyzing homicides committed by women under medico-legal aspects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
2 Reads

[Surprisingly old skeleton found at Bornheim-Uedorf (Rhein-Sieg-Kreis)--Research results in forensic medicine, anthropology and archaeology].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar-Apr;237(3-4):102-15

On April 15th 2014, human skeletal remains were found during digging activities for constructing a new building at Bornheim-Uedorf (Rhein-Sieg-Kreis) near the river Rhine (about 20 meters) in a pit measuring 10 by 10 meters and having a depth of about 150 cm. The skeletal remains were preserved quite well considering the fact that they were located so near to the Rhine, although several skeletal parts were missing. The preserved skeletal remains comprised some skull fragments (including two ear bones of the right side), right scapula, both humeri, left ulna, left radius, left metacarpal bone 2, right metacarpal bones 1, 3 and 4, rib fragments, three thoracic vertebrae, all lumbar vertebrae, one sacral vertebra, pelvis fragments, left femur, proximal part of the left tibial diaphysis, right tibia and diaphysis of both fibulae. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
3 Reads

[Carbon monoxide poisoning by a heating system].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar-Apr;237(3-4):93-101

A case of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning in several occupants of two neighboring residential buildings in Hamburg-Harburg (Germany) caused by a defective gas central heating system is described. Because of leaks in one of the residential buildings and the directly adjacent wall of the neighboring house, the gas could spread and accumulated in both residential buildings, which resulted in a highly dangerous situation. Exposure to the toxic gas caused mild to severe intoxication in 15 persons. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2016
2 Reads

[A critical review of applied criminology].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar-Apr;237(3-4):73-92

By reporting on a recent decision of the Regional Court (LG) of Marburg (Germany) calling attention to applied criminology, a concept still insufficiently considered in the administration of criminal justice, the paper argues that professional action in the execution of the sentence represents nothing else but applied criminology. Based on this assumption, the paper discusses practical diagnosis and correctional planning. Beyond that, the paper deals with the future of criminology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

[Immunohistochemical investigations on pulmonary tissue in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Jan-Feb;237(1-2):47-60

Numerous theories on the pathomechanism of SIDS favor a multifactorial genesis whereby infections of the upper respiratory tract and the pulmonary tissue have a trigger function. The aim of the presented study was to prove the presence of inflammatory responses in pulmonary tissue in SIDS cases because various studies revealed contradictory results about the evidence of inflammatory pulmonary responses in SIDS cases. For this purpose, 10 cases with defined causes of death were examined in comparison to 75 cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with regard to CD45RO, CD68 and LCA positive cells in pulmonary tissue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2016
1 Read

[Accidental ingestion of methadone by children and suggestions for better prevention].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Jan-Feb;237(1-2):38-46

Despite the medial attention attracted by the presented case in January 2012 and the determined measures taken to minimize the risk of accidental poisoning for children in the direct surroundings of substituted persons, we recently faced two more cases of methadone-intoxicated children in Hamburg. We believe that the most important step to increase awareness of the dangerous effects of methadone for children might be the storage of methadone in lockable boxes, which would make it safe from access by children and third parties. Moreover this way of storing reminds the patients of the risks resulting from their medication. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2016
7 Reads

[Forensic age estimation in juveniles and young adults: Reducing the range of scatter in age diagnosis by combining different methods].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Jan-Feb;237(1-2):25-37

The dramatic rise in the number of refugees entering Germany means that age estimation for juveniles and young adults whose age is unclear but relevant to legal and official procedures has become more important than ever. Until now, whether and to what extent the combination of methods recommended by the Study Group on Forensic Age Diagnostics has resulted in a reduction of the range of scatter of the summarized age diagnosis has been unclear. Hand skeletal age, third molar mineralization stage and ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphyses were determined for 307 individuals aged between 10 and 29 at time of death on whom autopsies were performed at the Institutes of Legal Medicine in Berlin, Frankfurt am Main and Hamburg between 2001 and 2011. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2016
36 Reads

[On the value of tattoos for identifying unknown bodies - a retrospective study of forensic autopsy cases from Giessen, Germany].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Jan-Feb;237(1-2):13-24

The number of tattooed people in Germany has constantly grown over the past few years. The present study deals with the question if this social trend can be seen in foren- sic autopsy cases as well. In a retrospective study, forensic autopsy cases of two periods (1990-1994 and 2010-2014) have been reviewed and statistically analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

[Estimation of the immersion time in drowned corpses a further study on the reliability of the table of Reh].

Arch Kriminol 2016 Jan-Feb;237(1-2):1-12

Estimation of the time of immersion is a common problem in forensic medicine. In Germany since about 50 years a table for estimating the minimum time interval of immersion is used. This table was developed taking into account signs of progressive putrefaction and maceration and the monthly average water temperature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2016
1 Read

A literature study on the definition and history of the term "kidney shrinkage".

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mary;239(5-6):204-212

The term "kidney shrinkage", which is used in both pathological anatomy and clinical contexts, is not uniformly defined. In medicolegal practice, it is particularly important whether or not a cause of death can be inferred from this diagnosis. If this were the case, a shrunken kidney determined in a forensic autopsy would obtain the same significance as a competing cause of death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

,,Aorta angust'' - a possible cause of sudden death?.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mary;239(5-6):193-203

Over one year, 7 autopsy cases with narrow diameters of the descending aorta were seen in the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Bonn. The autopsy results were supplemented by chemical-toxicological, alcohol and histological examinations. In all cases middle-aged men (24-38 years) died suddenly and predominantly in a domestic environment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

Analysis of the crime scene model using three objects from the collection of the Hans Gross Museum of Criminology of the University of Graz.

Authors:
Lydia Elek

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mary;239(5-6):181-192

As part of the collection in the Hans Gross Museum of Criminology in Graz there are still three crime scene reliefs; two of which were made by Hans Gross himself. The practical purpose of these criminal landscape models is something one could speculate about, but such models may have been useful in two fields: in the criminal lab and in the courtroom. To see the reliefs in a scientific experimental context as well as under the aspects of artwork and topography is as essential as emphasizing their genuine military character. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source

High variation of congener alcohols in apple wines.

Arch Kriminol 2016 Mar;239(5-6):167-180

Congener alcohol (CA) analysis became an important tool in forensic science to prove the kind of alcoholic beverage consumed. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of yeast strain and apple variety on the formation of congener alcohols in self-produced apple wine. There exist data on CA patterns of industrially produced alcoholic beverages, but these are not available for apple wine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source