257 results match your criteria Archiv Fur Molluskenkunde[Journal]


A replacement name for Acrapex albicostata Hampson, 1916 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

Authors:
Willy DE Prins

Zootaxa 2021 May 5;4966(4):497500. Epub 2021 May 5.

Royal Belgian Institute of Nature Sciences, Vautierstraat 29, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.

In 1905, O. B. Lower described Sesamia albicostata from Australia, based on one male specimen taken at Ocean Grange, near Sale, Victoria in January (Lower 1905: 175). Read More

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History of the German-language ENT journals.

HNO 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

ENT Clinic, Westpfalz-Klinikum GmbH, Hellmut-Hartert Str. 1, 67655, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

In 1864, the worldwide oldest journal in an area of the later established specialty of otorhinolaryngology was founded as the German Archiv für Ohrenheilkunde ("Archive of Otology") by its first editors Anton von Tröltsch (Würzburg), Adam Politzer (Vienna), and Hermann Schwartze (Halle/S.). Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) topics had previously been published in universal medical journals. Read More

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One hundred years from Otto Loewi experiment, a dream that revolutionized our view of neurotransmission.

Pflugers Arch 2021 Jun 27;473(6):977-981. Epub 2021 May 27.

Departamento de Farmacología y Terapéutica, Instituto Fundación Teófilo Hernando, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

One hundred years ago, a 4-page paper published in the Pflüger's Archiv fűr die Gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Tiere dramatically changed our view on synaptic transmission. The paper reported an ingenious, yet straightforward experiment made by Professor Otto Loewi in 1920 and published in 1921, which constitutes the first clear-cut proof for the chemical nature of transmission of the nerve impulse from nerve to muscle. The approach to this experiment was, however, tortuous and long. Read More

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[Hermaphroditism, intersexuality, transidentities/bisexuality, variants of sex differentiation-a brief historical discourse].

Authors:
Friedrich H Moll

Urologe A 2021 Jul 12;60(7):936-938. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

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The Information Gathering Framework - a Cognitive Model of Regressive Eye Movements during Reading.

Authors:
Anna Fiona Weiss

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Jul 31;13(4). Epub 2020 Jul 31.

University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany.

In this article we present a new eye movement control framework that describes the interaction between fixation durations and regressive saccades during reading: The Information Gathering Framework (IGF). Based on the FC model proposed by Bicknell and Levy [15], the basic idea of the IGF is that a confidence level for each word is computed while being monitored by three independent thresholds. These thresholds shape eye movement behavior by increasing fixation duration, triggering a regression, or guiding regression target selection. Read More

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[History of the German-language ENT journals. German version].

HNO 2021 May 7;69(5):385-415. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

HNO-Klinik, Westpfalz-Klinikum GmbH, Hellmut-Hartert-Str. 1, 67655, Kaiserslautern, Deutschland.

In 1864, the worldwide oldest journal in an area of the later established specialty of otorhinolaryngology was founded as the German Archiv für Ohrenheilkunde ("Archive of Otology") by its first editors Anton von Tröltsch (Würzburg), Adam Politzer (Vienna), and Hermann Schwartze (Halle/S.). Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) topics had previously been published in universal medical journals. Read More

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[Saints and urology : The right saint for every disease].

Urologe A 2021 Mar 23;60(3):361-367. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Institut für Geschichte, Philosophie und Ethik der Medizin, Centre for Health and Society, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

During Medieval and Renaissance times up to the 19th century hagiotherapy was a common part of many different health offerings in society. Within the field of urology, kidney stone disease and venereal (sexually transmitted) diseases were the favourite subjects. Even today, the names of St. Read More

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Wilhelm Erb (1840-1921), an influential German founder of neurology in the nineteenth century.

Authors:
Bernd Holdorff

J Hist Neurosci 2021 Jul-Sep;30(3):300-314. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Former Head of the Department of Neurology, Schlosspark-Klinik Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

As an internist, Wilhelm Erb (1840-1921) developed neurology (he also used the term "neuropathology" synonymously) in the tradition of his teacher, Nikolaus Friedreich, in Heidelberg. He left behind a huge corpus of semiological and nosological elements that now constitute our current knowledge of neurology, much more than just the eponyms associated with his name. In 1891, he founded the journal [Journal of Neurology] together with internist-neurologist colleagues, thus creating the counterpart to the [Archive for Psychiatry and Neurology], which was founded by Berlin neuropsychiatrists Wilhelm Griesinger and Carl Westphal. Read More

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February 2021

Descriptions of Disordered Eating in German Psychiatric Textbooks, 1803-2017.

Front Psychiatry 2020 14;11:504157. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Archiv für Leipziger Psychiatriegeschichte, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

The most common eating disorders (EDs) according to DSM-5 are anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). These disorders have received increasing attention in psychiatry due to rising prevalence and high morbidity and mortality. The diagnostic category "anorexia nervosa," introduced by Ernest-Charles Lasègue and William Gull in 1873, first appears a century later in a German textbook of psychiatry, authored by Gerd Huber in 1974. Read More

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January 2021

HIV and SARS-CoV-2 co-infection: cross-sectional findings from a German 'hotspot'.

Infection 2021 Apr 2;49(2):313-320. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

MUC Research, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the proportion of people living with HIV with anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies in a sample from a large single HIV center in Munich, Germany, after the first phase of the coronavirus pandemic and to infer the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 co-infection in people living with HIV.

Methods: Prospective sub-study of the ongoing ArcHIV cohort between May and July 2020. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies were measured using the recomWell SARS-CoV-2 IgG ELISA (Mikrogen, Neuried, Germany); positive and borderline results were re-tested using the recomLine SARS-CoV-2 IgG immunoassay (Mikrogen, Neuried, Germany). Read More

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Hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from Mauritanian Coral Mounds.

Zootaxa 2020 Nov 16;4878(3):zootaxa.4878.3.2. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Facultade de Ciencias do Mar e Centro de Investigación Mariña (CIM-UVigo), Universidade de Vigo. Campus Lagoas-Marcosende. 36310 Vigo. Spain. Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Vigo. Subida Radio Faro 50. 36390 Vigo. Spain..

Agassiz, L. (1862) Contributions to the natural history of the United States of America. Vol. Read More

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November 2020

["Rohleder was one of the first to fully realize the importance of sexology." : Life and work of the venereologist, urologist, and sexologist Hermann Rohleder (1866-1934)].

Urologe A 2020 Sep;59(9):1095-1106

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Centre for Health and Society, Medizinische Fakultät, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

His contemporaries described Hermann Rohleder, a physician from Leipzig, as a pioneer of sexual medicine. His career led him from treating patients with venereal diseases to urology and sexology. Rohleder worked for the institutionalization of sexology in Germany, but his attempts to establish a professorship at the University of Leipzig remained unsuccessful. Read More

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September 2020

[History of epidemics in urology in German-speaking countries].

Urologe A 2020 Aug;59(8):941-952

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Centre for Health and Society, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

Pandemics are relevant for many fields of medicine from microbiology to economics and epidemiology. Many medical specialties which developed during the 19th century, e. g. Read More

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[Adolf Lorenz and his mentor Eduard Albert].

Wien Med Wochenschr 2021 Jun 20;171(9-10):230-237. Epub 2020 May 20.

Masaryk-Institut und Archiv der Akademie der Wissenschaften der Tschechischen Republik (Masarykův ústav a Archiv Akademie věd České republiky), Gabčíkova 10, 182 00, Prag 8, Tschechien.

At the end of the nineteenth century, the imperial capital of the k.k. Danube monarchy, Vienna, enabled the meeting of two important figures in medical history: the surgeon Eduard Albert (1841-1900) and his student Adolf Lorenz (1854-1946). Read More

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[St. Corona-a patron saint against pandemics? : A short essay on the history of medicine and urology].

Urologe A 2020 May;59(5):585-594

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

The knowledge of hagiography and hagiotherapy still plays an important role in the history of science, especially when focusing on specific aspects of history. While knowledge about St. Liborius persists in urology, knowledge about patron saints for pandemics, especially those who were called upon to treat venereal diseases, has diminished due to the association with nonappropriate sexual behavior. Read More

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[Urology goes electric-electrotherapy : Modern therapies in the treatment of modern diseases-examples from urology].

Urologe A 2020 Mar;59(3):326-340

Institut für Geschichte Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

The significance of electricity for medicine in the modern industrial age should not be underestimated. Particularly in connection with neurasthenia, electrotherapeutic approaches also experienced a boom for domestic use. Thus, electrotherapy reached urology just as it was becoming established as a medical specialty. Read More

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[Adolf Lorenz und Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk-an extraordinary encounter].

Wien Med Wochenschr 2020 Jun 28;170(9-10):238-245. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Masaryk-Institut und Archiv der Akademie der Wissenschaften der Tschechischen Republik (Masarykův ústav a Archiv Akademie věd České republiky), Gabčíkova 10, 182 00, Prag 8, Tschechien.

Adolf Lorenz, the founder of orthopedics in Austria and father of the later Nobel laureate Konrad Lorenz, and the founder and first president of the Czechoslovak Republic, Tomáš G. Masaryk, were in contact. In the seventies and eighties of the nineteenth century both studied at the University of Vienna: Masaryk, four years older, Philosophy and Lorenz Medicine. Read More

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[Scope of activities and research in pathology laboratories from 1920 to 1940].

Pathologe 2019 Dec;40(Suppl 3):298-305

Institut für Pathologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Liebigstr. 26, 04103, Leipzig, Deutschland.

The ideal of a pathology institute consisted of a large autopsy department and a wide collection of specimens for the training of students and clinically active doctors. Additional departments supporting the autopsy department were a chemical and bacteriological laboratory. Other departments were experimental laboratories for biology, immunology, and cell research as well as an animal facility. Read More

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December 2019

Listening to More Than Sounds: Carl Stumpf and the Experimental Recordings of the Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv.

Authors:
Julia Kursell

Technol Cult 2019;60(2S):S39-S63

This article examines the "Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv," founded after 1900 as part of the Institute of Psychology, University of Berlin. The Phonogramm-Archiv was connected to the emergence of several new disciplines and research domains, including experimental phonetics, Gestalt theory, music psychology, and comparative musicology. Of the archive's 30,000 phonographic recordings, some 100 were made for experimental purposes. Read More

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January 2019

[Vladimir Bekhterev - A Protagonist of Research on Hypnosis?]

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 2020 Jan 3;70(1):32-37. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Archiv für Leipziger Psychiatriegeschichte, Universität Leipzig.

Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev (1857-1927) is considered to be Russia's most famous neurologist and psychiatrist. In German-speaking countries his name is particularly connected with the orthopaedic disease ankylosing spondylitis or Bekhterev's disease. He mainly worked in neuroanatomical, physiological and psychiatric fields. Read More

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January 2020

[Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults in the clinical description and classification of Emil Kraepelin].

Nervenarzt 2020 May;91(5):446-454

ADHS-Sprechstunde, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig AöR, Leipzig, Deutschland.

This study presents descriptions of symptoms specific to the adult form of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the 8th edition of the Textbook on Psychiatry by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926). To identify whether ADHD is a new, fashionable phenomenon in adults or whether early psychiatrists also saw such patients and how they classified them, this textbook is an essential source. Published between 1905 and 1915, it can be perceived as the culmination and at the same time terminal point of Kraepelin's conceptual and nosological work, which in turn marked the beginning of present-day psychiatric classification. Read More

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[The slack observation of a public enemy: East and West German psychiatrist and psychotherapist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann in files of the East German state security (Stasi)].

Authors:
Holger Steinberg

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2020 Aug 1;88(8):514-527. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Archiv für Leipziger Psychiatriegeschichte, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universität Leipzig.

This paper is the first to present and assess material gathered on a psychiatrist and psychotherapist by East German Intelligence Service Stasi, officially referred to as Ministry of National Security (Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS), over the course of several decades.We have analysed all files on professor of psychiatry Dietfried Müller-Hegemann (1910-1989) preserved in the authority now responsible for preserving, studying and making all files of the former East German Secret Service accessible (BStU). The material gained from different authorities within the MfS and on a variety of topics showed significant differences in relevance, in terms of both their quality and their amount. Read More

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Early studies of airway submucosal glands.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2019 06 13;316(6):L990-L998. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California , Davis, California.

This historical article provides a comprehensive review of early research on the structure and function of airway submucosal glands. The literature before 1950 or so, is virtually unknown, but in addition to being of historical interest it contains much of relevance to current research. Airway glands were first mentioned in 1602. Read More

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[Main focus of research on the culture of remembrance : Statement of the editors].

Urologe A 2019 Jan;58(1):64

Museum, Bibliothek und Archiv der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Urologie, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

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January 2019

[Letters from Paul Julius Möbius to Auguste-Henri Forel : "…that the harmony of perceptions on this novel point is also repeated on completely different issues"].

Authors:
Holger Steinberg

Nervenarzt 2019 May;90(5):535-546

Archiv für Leipziger Psychiatriegeschichte, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Leipzig, Semmelweisstr. 10, 04103, Leipzig, Deutschland.

This article provides an analysis of the content of 15 letters and postcards written by the Leipzig neurologist Paul Julius Möbius to his Zurich-based colleague Auguste-Henri Forel between 1889 and 1902. Moreover, they are set in the context of the works of the two correspondence partners. The 15 documents preserved at the University of Zurich Medico-Historical Institute and Museum comprise one half of the correspondence, whereas the letters Forel sent in response do not seem to have been preserved. Read More

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[Carl Posner (1854-1928) : A founder of urology and sexology in Germany].

Urologe A 2018 Sep;57(9):1103-1110

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Medizinische Fakultät, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

In this contribution we describe the life and work of the Berlin physician Carl Posner (1854-1928). We present his central role as a member of the founding generation of urology, andrology, and academic sexology in Germany. His clinical work, research and publication illustrate the central role these new disciplines played in the urological field. Read More

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September 2018

Oskar Kobyliński (1856-1926) and the first description of Noonan syndrome in the medical literature.

J Med Biogr 2020 Nov 12;28(4):202-207. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Warsaw Medical University, Poland.

While a student of University in Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia) Oskar Kobyliński published an article reporting on his 22-year-old patient Leisar Eischikmann, who suffered from a congenital deformity of the neck. Kobyliński described this rare anomaly and called it "flüghautige Verbreitung des Halses" (wing-like extension of the neck). It was only in 1902 when the name pterygium colli was introduced, and it has been in use ever since. Read More

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November 2020