6 results match your criteria Archaeometry[Journal]

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Loose glass tesserae and lost decorations: chronology and production of mosaics from Gerasa's Northwest Quarter.

Archaeometry 2021 Oct 10;63(5):960-974. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

IRAMAT-CEB, UMR5060, CNRS/Université d'Orléans 3D, rue de la Férollerie, F-45071 Orléans cedex 2, France.

Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analyses of loose glass tesserae from the Northwest Quarter of Gerasa/Jerash has enhanced our understanding of the dynamics regulating the production and circulation of glass tesserae in second- to eighth-centuries ce Jordan and the diachronic development of mosaics at the site. The identification of Levantine and Egyptian compositions (Roman-Mn, Levantine I, HIMT, Foy 2.1) proves the continuous production of mosaics from the second to the seventh centuries. Read More

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October 2021

Investigating the formation and diagnostic value of -(-alkylphenyl)alkanoic acids in ancient pottery.

Archaeometry 2021 Jun 28;63(3):594-608. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

BioArCh University of York York UK.

Long-chain -(alkylphenyl)alkanoic acids (APAAs) derived from the heating of unsaturated fatty acids have been widely used for the identification of aquatic products in archaeological ceramic vessels. To date, little attention has been paid to the diagnostic potential of shorter chain (< C) APAAs, despite their frequent occurrence. Here, a range of laboratory and field experiments and analyses of archaeological samples were undertaken to investigate whether APAAs could be used to further differentiate different commodities. Read More

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From commodity to money: The rise of silver coinage around the Ancient Mediterranean (sixth-first centuries bce).

Archaeometry 2021 Feb 27;63(1):142-155. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum Germany.

The reasons why the Western Mediterranean, especially Carthage and Rome, resisted monetization relative to the Eastern Mediterranean are still unclear. We address this question by combining lead (Pb) and silver (Ag) isotope abundances in silver coinage from the Aegean, Magna Graecia, Carthage and Roman Republic. The clear relationships observed between Ag/Ag and Pb/Pb reflect the mixing of silver ores or silver objects with Pb metal used for cupellation. Read More

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February 2021

The Supply of Glass at (Alicante, Spain): A Meta-Analysis of HIMT Glasses.

Archaeometry 2019 Jun 26;61(3):647-662. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidad de Alicante Spain.

Portus Ilicitanus (Picola, Alicante) was the main sea harbour of the Roman Colonia Iulia Ilici Augusta and as such played a crucial role in the supply of fundamental commodities to the Iberian Peninsula. Excavations yielded large quantities of glass in fourth- and early fifth-century contexts. Elemental analysis of 60 samples by laser ablation - inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) confirmed that the glasses were imported from the Eastern Mediterranean. Read More

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Spatio-temporal modelling as a way to reconstruct patterns of past human activities.

Archaeometry 2016 Jun 28;58(3):513-528. Epub 2015 May 28.

Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Department of Vegetation Ecology, Lidická 25/27, CZ-60200, Brno, Czech Republic.

This paper examines the possibilities of creating quantified models of past human activities in both time and space. The study area lies in the southeastern Czech Republic and western Slovakia. The spatio-temporal model of behavioural categories was calculated with the help of Monte Carlo simulations and statistical testing. Read More

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The Use of Neutron Analysis Techniques for Detecting The Concentration And Distribution of Chloride Ions in Archaeological Iron.

Archaeometry 2014 Oct 17;56(5):841-859. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Centre for Energy Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences H-1525 Budapest, P.O. Box 49, Hungary.

Chloride (Cl) ions diffuse into iron objects during burial and drive corrosion after excavation. Located under corrosion layers, Cl is inaccessible to many analytical techniques. Neutron analysis offers non-destructive avenues for determining Cl content and distribution in objects. Read More

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October 2014
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