13,490 results match your criteria Arch Phys Med Rehabil[Journal]


Health-related problems and changes after one year as assessed with the Geriatric ICF Core Set (GeriatrICS) in community-dwelling frail older adults receiving person-centred and integrated care from Embrace.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, Groningen, the Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neurology, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the prevalence, severity and change in health-related problems in a sample of older adults who received individual care and support from Embrace, for the whole sample, per subgroup based on complexity of care needs and frailty, and for those who had at baseline a health-related problem.

Design: A pretest-posttest study with assessments at baseline and after twelve months.

Setting: Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.014DOI Listing

Using the ICF to examine contextual factors that influence participation of people with deafblindness in India.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To identify and describe the contextual factors that influence the participation of people with deafblindness in India.

Design: Qualitative study, using directed content analysis approach and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a framework to analyze the data.

Setting: Community and social participation settings PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen community-dwelling individuals with deafblindness. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.010DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Psychometric Properties of Functional, Ambulatory, and Quality of Life Instruments in Lower Limb Amputees: A Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI 02908; Center for Gerontology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912.

Objective: Summarize the psychometric properties of functional, ambulatory, and quality of life instruments among adult lower limb amputees, highlighting evidence deemed generalizable to U.S. Medicare population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.015DOI Listing

The Beneficial Effects of Mind-body Exercises for People with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200000, China.

Objective: To objectively evaluate the most common forms of mind body exercise (MBE) (Tai Chi, Yoga, and Qigong) on cognitive function among people with MCI.

Data Sources: We searched six electronic databases (Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO, WanFang, Web of Science, and CNKI) from inception until September, 2018.

Study Selection: Nine randomized controlled trials and three non-randomized controlled trials were included for meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Energy Conservation Techniques to Decrease Fatigue.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Racial Differences in Discharge Location Following a Traumatic Brain Injury among Older Adults.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Objective: To determine if there were racial differences in discharge location among older adults treated for TBI at a level 1 trauma center.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center PARTICIPANTS: Black and white adults aged ≥65 years treated for TBI between 1998-2012 and discharged to home without services or inpatient rehabilitation (n=2,902). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.008DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Development & Implementation of a Wheelchair Outcomes Registry.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

University of Pittsburgh, Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology.

Objective: Describe the development of a patient registry related to Wheeled Mobility & Seating (WMS) device interventions to accumulate large datasets for clinical quality assurance and research purposes.

Design: Accepted guidelines for registry development were applied and anchored around the Functional Mobility Assessment (FMA) questionnaire and a uniform dataset (UDS).

Setting: The FMA/UDS was developed under a Corporate Research Agreement between clinical researchers and commercial providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Genitourinary Complications are a Leading and Expensive Cause of Emergency Department and Inpatient Encounters for Persons with Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Baylor College of Medicine Center of Excellence in Health Equity, Training and Research, Houston, TX.

Objectives: To determine the rates of emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient hospitalizations for genitourinary (GU) complications after SCI using a national sample; examine which patient and facility factors are associated with in-hospital mortality; and estimate direct medical costs of GU complications after SCI.

Design: Retrospective cross-sectional and cost analysis of the 2006-15 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).

Participants: SCI-related encounters using various International Classification of Disease, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.013DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comprehensive ADL outcome measurement after stroke: Rasch validation of the Lucerne ICF based Multidisciplinary Observation Scale (LIMOS).

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Neurocenter, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern; ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation Group, University of Bern.

Objective: To establish Rasch validation of the Lucerne International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based Multidisciplinary Observation Scale (LIMOS) in stroke. LIMOS measures the level of assistance in daily life activities related to motor function, communication, cognition and domestic life. Rasch Measurement Theory (RMT) transforms an ordinal scale into an interval scale and thus the Rasch-based LIMOS scale captures a more accurate improvement of functional outcomes via Rasch-transformed scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Efficacy of Topical Vibratory Stimulation for Reducing Pain during Trigger Point Injection to the Gastrocnemius: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of topical vibratory stimulation for reducing pain during trigger point injection (TPI).

Design: Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital.

Participants: A total of 136 participants were randomly recruited from among patients with myofascial pain syndrome who were scheduled for TPI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.010DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Health, Functioning and Wellbeing: Individual and Societal.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland; Swiss Paraplegic Research (SPF), Nottwil, Switzerland.

As a society we invest an enormous amount of resources in health because we are convinced that health is linked in some way to a person's wellbeing - and that population health is linked to overall societal welfare. But the nature of this link, and evidence for it, are more controversial. After exploring current attempts to operationalize wellbeing in a manner amenable to measurement, in this paper we offer a way for securing the link between the provision of healthcare and individual wellbeing, and societal welfare by highlighting what matters to people about their health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Evidence-Based Cognitive Rehabilitation: Systematic Review of the Literature From 2009 Through 2014.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Advocate Christ Medical Center.

Objective: To conduct an updated, systematic review of the clinical literature, classify studies based on the strength of research design, and derive consensual, evidence-based clinical recommendations for cognitive rehabilitation of people with TBI or stroke.

Data Sources: Online Pubmed and print journal searches identified citations for 250 articles published from 2009 through 2014.

Study Selection: 186 articles were selected for inclusion after initial screening. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.011DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Accessibility of Medical Diagnostic Equipment for Patients with Disability: Observations from Physicians.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Mongan Institute Health Policy Center, Massachusetts General Hospital; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School.

Objective: To explore attitudes and practices of physicians relating to accessible medical diagnostic equipment in serving patients with mobility disability.

Design: Open-ended individual telephone interviews, which reached data saturation. Interview recordings were transcribed verbatim for qualitative conventional content analysis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.007DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Obesity in People with Spinal Cord Injury: The Effects of Disadvantaged Neighborhood.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the role of neighborhood in the relationship between race and obesity in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from National SCI Database linked with neighborhood data from American Community Survey by census tract.

Setting: 17 SCI Model Systems centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Does intradialytic exercise improve removal of solutes by hemodialysis? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Physiology, Federal University of Pelotas - Brazil.

Objective: To describe a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify if intradialytic exercise improves the removal of solutes and the hemodialysis adequacy.

Data Sources: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was performed. The sources were MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, LILACS and SciELO, from inception until July 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.009DOI Listing

The effect of frailty on discharge location for Medicare beneficiaries after acute stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Healthcare Leadership and Management, College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Objective: To examine the effect of frailty on post-stroke discharge location with respect to stroke severity and create a risk-adjusted model for understanding the effects of frailty on discharge to an inpatient rehabilitation facility.

Design: Retrospective cohort.

Setting: A 2014 5% Medicare Sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Longitudinal Outcomes Among Family Caregivers of Power Mobility Users.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr 26;100(4):656-662. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Rehabilitation Research Program, GF Strong Rehabilitation Center, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To examine the change over 1 year in the burden, wheelchair skills, social support, social participation, and mental health of family caregivers providing assistance to older adult powered wheelchair users.

Design: Longitudinal study.

Setting: Community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.194DOI Listing

Major Concerns Regarding the Conduct of a Trial of Spinal Mobilization for Lumbar Radiculopathy.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr;100(4):784-785

Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.025DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Response to Letter to the Editor regarding "The Effect of Spinal Mobilization With Leg Movement in Patients With Lumbar Radiculopathy-A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial".

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr;100(4):783-784

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.026DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Dot the I's and Cross the T's: Comment on "A Systematic Review of Mobile Health Applications in Rehabilitation".

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr;100(4):782

Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, Pavia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.022DOI Listing

Mobile Health Apps Are Used for Many Rehabilitation Purposes.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Apr;100(4):782-783

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.003DOI Listing

Clinically significant gains in skillful grasp coordination by an individual with tetraplegia using an implanted brain-computer interface with forearm transcutaneous muscle stimulation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, The Ohio State University, 480 Medical Center Dr., Columbus, OH 43210 USA; Neurological Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 480 Medical Center Dr., Columbus, OH 43210 USA.

Objective: To demonstrate naturalistic motor control speed, coordinated grasp, and carryover from trained to novel objects by an individual with tetraplegia using a brain-computer interface (BCI)-controlled neuroprosthetic.

Design: Phase I trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01997125) for an intracortical BCI integrated with forearm functional electrical stimulation (FES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.07.445DOI Listing

Cutoff score of the lower extremity motor subscale of Fugl-Meyer Assessment in chronic stroke survivors: a cross-sectional study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Objective: To derive an optimal cutoff score for the lower-extremity motor subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment to differentiate stroke survivors with high mobility function from those with low mobility function using a data-driven approach.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: University-based clinical research laboratory. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.027DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Increased Utilization of Ambulatory Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy After Medicaid Expansion.

Authors:
Robert Sandstrom

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Physical Therapy, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, the United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine if Medicaid expansion in 2014 improved utilization of ambulatory physical therapy and occupational therapy.

Design: Secondary data, pre-post analysis study using a difference in differences approach. The study compared utilization rates and likelihood of an ambulatory therapy visit for Medicaid ambulatory therapy patients in the pre-expansion (2012-2013) period and postexpansion (2014-2015) period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Robotic-Assisted Shoulder Rehabilitation Therapy Effectively Improved Poststroke Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of a newly developed shoulder robot on poststroke hemiplegic shoulder pain.

Design: Prospective, single-blind randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Inpatient department of a tertiary university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis Has an Adverse Effect on Functional Outcome in the Subacute Rehabilitation Phase of Stroke: A Case-Control Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate whether crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) is associated with functional outcome in the subacute rehabilitation phase of stroke.

Design: Retrospective case-control study.

Setting: Hospital-based cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.026DOI Listing

Relationships Between Wheelchair Services Received and Wheelchair User Outcomes in Less-Resourced Settings: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Kenya and the Philippines.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Research Methods Unit, Nova Scotia Health Authority, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Objective: To explore the relationships between wheelchair services received during wheelchair provision and positive outcomes for users of wheelchairs.

Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data.

Setting: Urban and periurban communities in Kenya and the Philippines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Systematic reviews of clinical benefits of exoskeleton use for gait and mobility in neurological disorders: a tertiary study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta GA.

Objective: To describe systematic reviews (SRs) of the use of exoskeletons for gait and mobility by persons with neurological disorders and to evaluate their quality as guidance for research and clinical practice.

Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL Complete, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro, and Google Scholar were searched from database inception to January 23, 2018.

Study Selection: A total of 331 de-duplicated abstracts from bibliographic database and ancestor searching were independently screened by two reviewers, resulting in 109 articles for which full text was obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.025DOI Listing

Social Cognition Impairments in the Long Term Post Stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Neuropsychology & Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology & Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the presence of social cognition deficits and the relationship between social and general cognition (eg, attention, mental speed, verbal, visual, or memory abilities) in a large sample of chronic stroke patients and to identify stroke-related factors associated with social cognitive performance.

Design: Inception cohort study in which social cognition was assessed at 3-4 years post stroke.

Setting: Stroke units in 6 general hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.023DOI Listing

Depression and Subthreshold Depression in Stroke-Related Aphasia.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Center for Aphasia Research and Treatment, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab (formerly Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago), Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of depression and subthreshold depression in persons with aphasia. To investigate whether there are linguistic and cognitive differences between those with depression, subthreshold depression, and no depression.

Design: Survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.024DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Continuous passive motion after total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis of associated effects on clinical outcomes.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of CPM after TKA and whether the use of CPM are related to improved clinical and functional outcomes.

Data Sources: A systematic MEDLINE search via Web of Science, Cochrane Library and PubMed databases was conducted.

Study Selection: English-language articles published between January 2000 and May 2018 reporting the related clinical outcomes of CPM after TKA were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Progressive Decline in Daily and Social Activities: A 9-year Longitudinal Study of Participation in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada; Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les maladies neuromusculaires (GRIMN), Neuromuscular Clinic, Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Jonquière, Québec, Canada; Centre de recherche Charles-Le Moyne - Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean sur les innovations en santé (CR-CSIS), Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada.

Objective: To describe and compare changes in participation over a 9-year period in women and men with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). To compare participation restrictions with available reference values from a typical aging population living in the community.

Design: Descriptive longitudinal design comparing data from baseline (2002) with data from follow-up (2011). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.022DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

One in 11 Cochrane Reviews Are on Rehabilitation Interventions, According to Pragmatic Inclusion Criteria Developed by Cochrane Rehabilitation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy; Clinical and Experimental Sciences Department, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Objective: To identify all published protocols and reviews in the Cochrane Library relevant to the scope of practice of rehabilitation; to test pragmatic criteria to identify rehabilitation interventions; to begin categorizing reviews according to the professionals involved in delivering the intervention and broad areas of clinical practice.

Data Sources: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Study Selection: We screened all published reviews and protocols in the Cochrane library. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.021DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Association Between Social Engagement, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Falls Among Older Primary Care Patients.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

New England Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA; Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, MA; Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA.

Objectives: To examine associations between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and falls among primary care patients, and to investigate whether social engagement (SE) modifies these associations.

Design: Cross sectional analysis using baseline data from an observational cohort study.

Setting: Primary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.020DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Association between clinical tests related to motor control dysfunction and changes in pain and disability after lumbar stabilization exercises in patients with chronic low back pain.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate whether clinical tests used to detect motor control dysfunction can predict improvements in pain and disability in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP who have undergone an 8-week lumbar stabilization exercise program.

Study Design: A prospective cohort study.

Setting: Outpatient physical therapy university clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.019DOI Listing
February 2019

The Effectiveness of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization in Athletes, Participants Without Extremity or Spinal Conditions, and Individuals with Upper Extremity, Lower Extremity, and Spinal Conditions: A Systematic Review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; Collaborative Program in Musculoskeletal Health Research, Bone and Joint Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) to other treatments or placebo in athletes or participants without extremity or spinal conditions and individuals with upper extremity, lower extremity, and spinal conditions.

Data Sources: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro electronic databases were searched from January 1998 to March 2018.

Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials of participants without extremity or spinal conditions or athletes and people with upper extremity, lower extremity, or spinal conditions, who revived IASTM vs other active treatment, placebo, or control (no treatment), to improve outcome (function, pain, range of motion). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
2.565 Impact Factor

Change in Function Over Inpatient Rehabilitation After Hypoxic Ischemic Brain Injury: A Population-Wide Cohort Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada; West Park Healthcare Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: To estimate change in motor, cognitive, and overall functional performance during inpatient rehabilitation (IR) and to identify potential determinants of these outcomes among patients with hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI).

Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study using Ontario's health administrative data.

Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.012DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effectiveness of Botulinum Toxin Treatment for Upper Limb Spasticity Poststroke Over Different ICF Domains: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, the United States; Department of Neurorehabilitation, Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Centre, Reade, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To provide a comprehensive overview of reported effects and scientific robustness of botulinum toxin (BoNT) treatment regarding the main clinical goals related to poststroke upper limb spasticity, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.

Data Sources: Embase, PubMed, Wiley/Cochrane Library, and Ebsco/CINAHL were searched from inception up to May 16, 2018.

Study Selection: We included randomized controlled trials comparing upper limb BoNT injections with a control intervention in patients with a history of stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.016DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Impact of Level of Effort on the Effects of Compliance with the 3-Hour Rule.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine if patients' level of effort (LOE) in therapy sessions during traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation modifies the effect of compliance with the 3-Hour Rule of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Design: Propensity score methodology applied to the TBI-Practice-Based Evidence (TBI-PBE) database, consisting of multi-site, prospective, longitudinal observational data.

Setting: Acute inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.014DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Long-Term Specialized Physical Therapy in Cervical Dystonia: Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a specialized physical therapy (SPT) program on disability in cervical dystonia (CD) compared to regular physical therapy (RPT).

Design: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Setting: This study was performed by a physical therapist in a primary health care setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

An Early Tailored Approach Is the Key to Effective Rehabilitation in the Intensive Care Unit.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Neurorehabilitation Clinic, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness, feasibility, and safety of an evidence-based rehabilitation care pathway in the intensive care unit (ICU) in different patient populations.

Design: Observational prospective cohort study, with retrospective controls.

Setting: ICUs of a university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.015DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Exercising Choice and Control: A Qualitative Meta-synthesis of Perspectives of People With a Spinal Cord Injury.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To systematically search the literature and construct a meta-synthesis of how choice and control are perceived by people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Data Sources: Medline, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, HealthSource, ProQuest, PsychInfo, SAGE, and SCOPUS were searched from 1980 until September 2018 including all languages. Reference lists of selected studies were also reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.011DOI Listing
February 2019
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Interrater Reliability of Activity Questionnaires After an Intensive Motor-Skill Learning Intervention for Children With Cerebral Palsy.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Neuroscience, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the reliability of parents-reported activity questionnaires after a motor-skill learning intervention for children with cerebral palsy (CP). We hypothesize that the intervention process might influence parental judgment.

Design: Double-blind randomized trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.039DOI Listing
February 2019
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First Do No Harm: An Opinion on Bundled Care for Stroke Patients.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 26;100(3):578-580. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Brain Injury Association of America, Vienna, VA.

The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation under the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has invited institutions to demonstrate ways to bundle services into a 90-day episode of acute care that will lower costs and hospital re-admission rates. While these goals are laudable, they overlook the need for and value attained in postacute treatment. This article argues for elimination of the diagnosis of stroke from the proposed demonstration project due to misaligned financial incentives that will severely compromise patient outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.003DOI Listing

Functional Measures Upon Admission to Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation Predict Quality of Life After Ischemic Stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 4;100(3):481-487.e2. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Neurology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.

Objective: To evaluate the association between functional measures at admission to acute inpatient rehabilitation (AIR) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores at 3 months after ischemic stroke.

Design: Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke admitted to AIR were consented to a prospective registry.

Setting: Large academic referral inpatient rehabilitation hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.06.007DOI Listing
March 2019
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Sense of Coherence, Disability, and Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study of Rehabilitation Patients in Norway.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Mar 4;100(3):448-457. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergeny, Norway.

Objective: To study relations between sense of coherence (SOC), disability, and mental and physical components of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among rehabilitation patients.

Design: Survey.

Setting: Rehabilitation centers in secondary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.06.009DOI Listing

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Acute Post-trauma Distress: A Randomized, Controlled, Proof-of-Concept Study among Hospitalized Adults with Burns.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Johns Hopkins Burn Center, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; Department of Surgery, Division of Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Objective: (1) To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Safety, Meaning, Activation and Resilience Training (SMART) intervention versus Non-Directive Supportive Psychotherapy (NDSP) in an acutely hospitalized adult burn survivor sample; (2) To assess the preliminary impact of SMART on Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)/Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depress Disorder (MDD) symptom reduction as secondary prevention.

Design: Proof-of-concept, parallel group, RCT design.

Setting: Regional burn center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.027DOI Listing
February 2019
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Understanding Mental Health Needs After Mild Stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.12.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Randomized Controlled Trial of an Online Problem-Solving Intervention Following Adolescent Traumatic Brain Injury: Family Outcomes.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Objective: To examine parent and family outcomes of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing Teen Online Problem-Solving with Family (TOPS-F), Teen Online Problem-Solving-Teen Only (TOPS-TO), or access to Internet resources alone (Internet resource comparison [IRC]).

Design: Three-arm RCT.

Setting: Four children's hospitals and 1 general medical center in Ohio and Colorado. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019
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