Toxicon 2015 Dec 19;108:176-80. Epub 2015 Oct 19.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. Electronic address:
Phospholipase D (PLD) toxins from sicariid spiders, which cause disease in mammals, were recently found to convert their primary substrates, sphingomyelin and lysophosphatidylcholine, to cyclic phospholipids. Here we show that two PLD toxins from pathogenic actinobacteria and ascomycete fungi, which share distant homology with the spider toxins, also generate cyclic phospholipids. This shared function supports divergent evolution of the PLD toxins from a common ancestor and suggests the importance of cyclic phospholipids in pathogenicity. Read More