7,312 results match your criteria Arabian Journal of Geosciences[Journal]


Detection of common copy number of variation underlying selection pressure in Middle Eastern horse breeds using whole-genome sequence data.

J Hered 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Chapar-Semirom horse stud farm, Semirom, Isfahan, Iran.

Dareshouri, Arabian, and Akhal-Teke are three Middle Eastern horse breeds that have been selected for endurance and adaptation to harsh climates. Deciphering the genetic characteristics of these horses by tracing selection footprints and copy number of variations will be helpful in improving our understanding of equine breeds' development and adaptation. For this purpose, we sequenced the whole-genome of four Dareshouri horses using Illumina Hiseq panels and compared them with publicly available whole-genome sequences of Arabian (n=3) and Akhal-Teke (n=3) horses . Read More

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Correction to: The use of behaviour management techniques amongst paediatric dentists working in the Arabian region: a cross-sectional survey study.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Leeds School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9LU, UK.

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The contribution of gastrointestinal microbiota in the existence of type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia: Current information and perspectives.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2022 Jun 21;29(6):103286. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Biological Science, College of Science, King Abdulaziz University, 42742, University Avenue, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a genuine international health issue, with Saudi Arabia ranking among the top nations with the largest diabetes prevalence. Following the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 3.8 million Saudi Arabian people had diabetes in 2014. Read More

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Association Between Obesity and COVID-19 Disease Severity in Saudi Population.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2022 16;15:1527-1535. Epub 2022 May 16.

Emergency Medicine Consultant, Emergency Department, Prince Mohamed Bin Abdulaziz Hospital, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The persistent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has placed a significant burden on the scientific and medical professions. The study examined the association between body mass index (BMI), stratified by category, and severe form of COVID-19, and to explore the influence of demographic characteristics and other known risk factors.

Methods: This was a retrospective analysis based on COVID-19 data from the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health. Read More

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Extensive eczema herpeticum in a previously well child.

Int J Emerg Med 2022 May 21;15(1):21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain.

Background: Eczema herpeticum, also known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption, is a potentially life-threatening disseminated cutaneous viral infection. In the majority of cases, this condition develops as a complication in patients with atopic dermatitis. However, it may arise in a wide spectrum of pre-existing skin conditions, including psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, cutaneous T cell lymphoma, pemphigus vulgaris, and others. Read More

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Detection and assessment of marine litter in an uninhabited island, Arabian Gulf: A case study with conventional and machine learning approaches.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 18:156064. Epub 2022 May 18.

UNESCO Chair in Marine Sciences, Environmental Science Center, Qatar University, P.O. Box: 2713, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

In 2018, the Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar removed 90 t of marine litter (ML) from the Ras Rakan Island (RRI), a remote uninhabited island in the Arabian Gulf (hereinafter referred to as Gulf). To identify the sources of ML and understand the post-cleaning ML accumulation rate, a ML survey was conducted around RRI in 2019. A total of 1341 ML items were found around RRI with an average abundance of 3. Read More

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An appraisal of early stage biofilm-forming bacterial community assemblage and diversity in the Arabian Sea, India.

Mar Pollut Bull 2022 May 17;180:113732. Epub 2022 May 17.

CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, G. B. Bhavnagar, Gujarat 364 002, India. Electronic address:

The community composition and distribution of early-stage (24 h) biofilm-forming bacteria on two different surfaces (glass slide and polystyrene plastic slide) at three different locations (Diu, Alang and Sikka) were studied using a culture-dependent and next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach in the Arabian Sea, Gujarat, India. The most dominant phyla observed using the NGS approach were the Proteobacteria among the sampling sites. Gammaproteobacteria class dominated both the surfaces among the sites and accounted for 46. Read More

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The folds and faults kinematic association in Zagros.

Sci Rep 2022 May 19;12(1):8350. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Geology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

The Zagros orogenic belt, one of the most prominent and famous collisional belts in the central part of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic chain, is located between the southern margin of the Central Iranian microcontinent and the northern margin of the Arabian plate. The structural architecture and folds and faults relationships of a significant segment of the south-central part of the Zagros' hinterland are investigated in this study through stereoscopy of aerial photographs, interpretations of satellite images, consideration of the major ground topographic variations, and field research. This research found that there must have been at least two major deformation events: (1) a ductile phase, which is older than the Eocene, and (2) a semi-brittle deformation stage, which is younger than the early Miocene and is represented by thrusting, folding, and strike-slip faulting. Read More

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Prevalence, incidence, morbidity and mortality rates of COPD in Saudi Arabia: Trends in burden of COPD from 1990 to 2019.

PLoS One 2022 19;17(5):e0268772. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Respiratory Care, Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The available data to determine the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) burden in Saudi Arabia are scarce. Therefore, this study closely examines and tracks the trends of the COPD burden in Saudi Arabia from 1990 to 2019 using the dataset of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019.

Methods: This study used the GBD 2019 dataset to analyse the COPD prevalence, incidence, morbidity and mortality rates in the Saudi Arabian population from 1990 to 2019, stratified by sex and age. Read More

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Potential genetic biomarker of Saudi Arabian patients with colorectal cancer.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 May;26(9):3109-3126

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths globally. We implemented a comprehensive literature review regarding CRC genetics studies to offer a perception into the genes associated with CRC recognized in Saudi patients. Definite genetic variants in ABCB1, ADIPOQ, CTNNB1, SFRP3, LRP6, CYP19A1, PARP-1, TDG genes exhibited significant protection against CRC development in Saudi population. Read More

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Autonomy and paternalism in shared decision-making in a Saudi Arabian tertiary hospital: A cross-sectional study.

Dev World Bioeth 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Medical paternalism has long been a common medical practice. However, patient autonomy in healthcare has been recently adopted by doctors and patients alike. This study explored whether doctors and patients in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia preferred autonomy or paternalism in shared decision-making. Read More

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Modelling geographical heterogeneity of diabetes prevalence and socio-economic and built environment determinants in Saudi City - Jeddah.

Geospat Health 2022 May 16;17(1). Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah.

Type-2 diabetes is a growing lifestyle disease mainly due to increasing physical inactivity but also associated with various other variables. In Saudi Arabia, around 58.5% of the population is deemed to be physically inactive. Read More

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CD3 T-Lymphocytic Coeliac-Mesenteric Ganglioneuritis Associated with Colonic Torsion and Inflammatory Bowel Disease in an Arabian Broodmare.

J Comp Pathol 2022 Jun 9;194:1-6. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Equine Veterinary Medical Center, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

A 5-year-old Arabian broodmare with acute colic was diagnosed with lymphocytic ganglioneuritis of the coeliac-mesenteric ganglia and lymphocytic‒plasmacytic enterocolitis resembling inflammatory bowel disease. No significant pathogens were identified by aerobic culture or histopathological examination. The ganglia were multifocally infiltrated with small lymphocytes that were immunopositive for CD3 and negative for CD20 and CD79a antigens, indicating CD3 T-lymphocyte-mediated coeliac-mesenteric ganglioneuritis. Read More

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Dynamic hydrographic and water-quality variations in the northwestern Arabian Gulf, a sinking zone of reverse estuarine circulation.

Mar Pollut Bull 2022 May 13;179:113714. Epub 2022 May 13.

Ecosystem based Management of Marine Resources, Environmental and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Salmiya, Kuwait.

Continuous measurements of hydrographic, hydrodynamic, and water quality showed marked diurnal, tidal, and seasonal variabilities in Kuwait Bay, a stressed coastal system in the northwestern Arabian/Persian Gulf. Advection of water masses and seasonality in vertical mixing regulated the Bay's hydrographic and water quality properties. Intensive stratification in summer had substantial implications on the Bay environment. Read More

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Development and validation of an Arabic pediatric sensorimotor development test.

Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med 2022 Mar 30;9(1):36-40. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Aim: The main concern of Arab rehabilitation therapists is the paucity of a valid clinical assessment tool that fits the demographic and cultural specificities of the pediatric population. This study aimed to describe and validate a localized evidence-based instrument for assessing sensorimotor development in Saudi Arabian children.

Methods: The Arabic Pediatric Sensorimotor Development Test (A-P-SMDT) designed for Saudi Arabian preschoolers was used for 110 children (3-6 years) in this prospective cross-sectional study. Read More

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as a Novel Marine Actinobacterium Mediated Silver Nanoparticles: Characterization, Biological Activities, and Proposed Mechanism of Antibacterial Action.

Front Microbiol 2022 28;13:833154. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (Bio-SNPs) were synthesized from the marine actinobacterium strain M2 and characterized using a variety of techniques, including UV-vis spectrum, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy dispersive x-ray (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and zeta potential. The antibacterial activity of Bio-SNPs alone and in combination with antibiotic was evaluated using a microtiter-dilution resazurin assay against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Bio-SNPs' minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against bacterial strains was determined. Read More

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Physical height and crown dimensions of primary teeth: A dental morphometric study in Saudi Arabian children.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2022 Jan-Mar;26(1):108-115. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic Sciences, King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Teeth morphometrics have been considered to be integral in identifying an individual as it is correlated with the body stature.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the association between crown length and physical height of children and derive mathematical equations for the prediction of physical height from crown length of primary maxillary anterior teeth.

Setting And Design: A dentomorphometric study was carried out among 100 Saudi Arabian children of 3-6 years of age. Read More

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Acaricidal, Larvacidal, and Repellent Activity of Essential Oil against Ticks Infesting Saudi Arabian Cattle.

Plants (Basel) 2022 Apr 30;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Background: In this experimental study, we aimed to assess the acaricidal effects of L. essential oil (ECEO) against tick in cattle from Saudi Arabia.

Methods: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was performed to identify the chemical composition of ECEO. Read More

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Assessing the use of tumor-specific DARPin-toxin fusion proteins for ex vivo purging of cancer metastases from human ovarian cortex before autotransplantation.

F S Sci 2021 Nov 23;2(4):330-344. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the use of tumor-specific designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins) fused to a domain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A for purging of cancer metastases from the ovarian cortex.

Design: Experimental study.

Setting: University medical center. Read More

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November 2021

Sociodemographic predictors of confirmed COVID-19 mortality and hospitalization among patients in Saudi Arabia: Analyzing a national COVID-19 database.

J Infect Public Health 2022 May 4;15(6):615-620. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Infection and Immunity, Research Centre, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Background: Even with the widespread availability of vaccines for the COVID-19 disease, there is no sign of decline in the rate of spread of the disease. Based on findings of different studies across the globe, the disease is characterized by poor outcomes in specific sociodemographic categories such as age, gender and presence of symptoms.

Methods: In this study, we carried out a multivariable logistic regression analysis on a national database (HESN+) of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Saudi Arabia to determine predictors of hospitalization and mortality for these patients. Read More

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Synchronous Parathyroid Carcinoma and Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm With Papillary-Like Nuclear Features.

Cureus 2022 Apr 10;14(4):e24006. Epub 2022 Apr 10.

Department of General Surgery, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, BHR.

Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Compared to parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid cancer is more likely to be associated with marked levels of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and hypercalcemia with severe clinical manifestations. Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) is a rare variant of papillary thyroid cancer. Read More

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Stature estimation from the hand dimensions in the Eastern Saudi Arabian adult male population.

Acta Biomed 2022 May 11;93(2):e2022063. Epub 2022 May 11.

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Background And Aim: Anthropometry is widely used in preliminary forensic investigations involving the identification of unknown dismembered body parts. Stature estimation is an important indicator of forensic identification considered during such initial investigations. Different populations have different body sizes and proportions that affect the forensic anthropometric estimation of stature. Read More

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Misuse of prescription drugs and other psychotropic substances among university students: a pilot study.

Authors:
Fahmi Fadhel

East Mediterr Health J 2022 Apr 28;28(4):288-295. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Psychology Department, College of Education, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Prescription drug abuse has emerged as the fastest growing problem globally. While people of all ages suffer from the harmful effects, the impact on the health of young people and their quality of life constitutes a significant public health problem.

Aims: To estimate the prevalence of the use of prescription drugs and other substances among university students. Read More

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On the net primary productivity over the Arabian Sea due to the reduction in mineral dust deposition.

Sci Rep 2022 May 11;12(1):7761. Epub 2022 May 11.

Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, ISRO, Thiruvananthapuram, 695022, India.

The dust plume tracks from the Middle East and Eastern Africa to the Indian subcontinent have an impact on the atmospheric and ocean biogeochemistry of the Arabian Sea (AS). Here, we present the impact of dust on net primary productivity (NPP) over the AS using satellite-based observation and model simulation. Seasonal episodes and long-term trends in dust optical depth (DOD), dust mass flux (DMF) and dust deposition flux (DDF) from 2007 to 2020 are quantified. Read More

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Saudi Arabian CML patient with a novel four-way translocation at t(9;22;5;2)(q34;q11.2;p13;q44).

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2022 May 11:e1865. Epub 2022 May 11.

Cytogenetics Unit, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Department, King Fahad Specialist Hospital-Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The vast majority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients have a single translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11), BCR/ABL1 fusion genes, which is regarded as the hallmark of CML. However, around 5 to 10% of CML patients exhibit the involvement of a third chromosome. In some very rare cases a fourth or even fifth chromosome can be involved with the t(9;22). Read More

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Public survey of financial incentives for kidney donation in Bahrain.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021 Sep-Oct;32(5):1319-1329

Department of Pediatrics, Children Hospital, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia.

With the increasing prevalence of end-stage kidney disease in Bahrain, kidney donation is of vital importance. In this study, we want to assess how financial incentives will influence peoples' views and decisions regarding kidney donation. The aim is to establish strategies to increase the number of kidneys for transplantation in Bahrain. Read More

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Arabian mare's milk characterisation and clotting ability.

J Food Sci Technol 2022 May 13;59(5):1840-1846. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Science, University of Torino, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

The objective of this study is to characterize purebred Arab mares' milk through monitoring its physicochemical and microbiological composition during different lactation stages and to test its ability to coagulate. Sixteen purebred Arabian mares were selected among 45 mares with approximately the same foaling dates. Milk samples were collected once a week for each mare during 4 months of lactation and analysed in three replicates for physicochemical composition, nitrogen fractions, somatic cell count and total bacterial count. Read More

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Desert soil fungi isolated from Saudi Arabia: cultivable fungal community and biochemical production.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2022 Apr 10;29(4):2409-2420. Epub 2021 Dec 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Desert soils harbor fungi that have survived under highly stressed conditions of high temperature and little available moisture. This study was designed to survey the communities of cultivable fungi in the desert soils of the Arabian Peninsula and to screen the fungi for the potentially valuable antioxidants (flavonoids, phenols, saponins, steroids, tannins, terpenoids, and alkaloids) and enzymes (cellulase, laccase, lipase, protease, amylase, and chitinase). Desert soil was sampled at 30 localities representing different areas of Saudi Arabia and studied for physico-chemical soil properties. Read More

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An innovative sit-standing seat in urban buses: A new design to prevent falls and non-collision injuries.

Work 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences(TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Due to the rapid growth of metropolises and the insufficiency of public transportation, nowadays, many people travel on these vehicles in a standing position. This position leads to discomfort and the risk of falling or non-collision incidents for the passengers.

Objective: The present study was conducted to analyze an innovative sit-standing seat to prevent falls and non-collision injuries in standing passengers. Read More

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