5,866 results match your criteria Arabian Journal Of Chemistry[Journal]


Population genomic response to geographic gradients by widespread and endemic fishes of the Arabian Peninsula.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 12;10(10):4314-4330. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Red Sea Research Center King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Thuwal Saudi Arabia.

Genetic structure within marine species may be driven by local adaptation to their environment, or alternatively by historical processes, such as geographic isolation. The gulfs and seas bordering the Arabian Peninsula offer an ideal setting to examine connectivity patterns in coral reef fishes with respect to environmental gradients and vicariance. The Red Sea is characterized by a unique marine fauna, historical periods of desiccation and isolation, as well as environmental gradients in salinity, temperature, and primary productivity that vary both by latitude and by season. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246217PMC

Foraging behaviour and diet in two sympatric shrike species during autumn migration across the Arabian Peninsula.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2020 Jun 19;27(6):1462-1466. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs of Oman, PO. Box 323, Muscat, Oman.

In situations of restricted food supply, the trophic niches of closely-related species of animals should be separate. For sit-and-wait hunters, such as shrikes, this is associated with competition for food and hunting sites. In the present study, the foraging behaviour of two shrike species - Red-tailed Shrike and Red-backed Shrike was studied in a desert habitat in Oman. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.04.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254029PMC

Diagnosis and Management of Hypothyroidism in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries.

Adv Ther 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Merck Serono Middle East FZ LLC, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Hypothyroidism is one of the most common chronic endocrine conditions. However, as symptoms of hypothyroidism are non-specific, up to 60% of those with thyroid dysfunction are unaware of their condition. Left untreated, hypothyroidism may contribute to other chronic health conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01382-2DOI Listing

Genome-Wide Diversity, Population Structure and Demographic History of Dromedaries in the Central Desert of Iran.

Genes (Basel) 2020 May 29;11(6). Epub 2020 May 29.

Persian BayanGene Research and Training Center, 7134767617 Shiraz, Iran.

The development of camel husbandry for good production in a desert climate is very important, thus we need to understand the genetic basis of camels and give attention to genomic analysis. We assessed genome-wide diversity, linkage disequilibrium (LD), effective population size (Ne) and relatedness in 96 dromedaries originating from five different regions of the central desert of Iran using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). A total of 14,522 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with an average minor allele frequency (MAF) of 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11060599DOI Listing

Effects of endurance racing on horse plasma extracellular particle miRNA.

Equine Vet J 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Programa de pós-graduação em Patologia Molecular, Universidade de Brasília-UnB, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF, Brasil.

Background: Physical exercise is an essential factor in preventing and treating metabolic diseases by promoting systemic benefits throughout the body. The molecular factors involved in this process are poorly understood. Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that inhibit mRNA transcription. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13300DOI Listing

Microplastics in fishes of commercial and ecological importance from the Western Arabian Gulf.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Mar 17;152:110920. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center (RSRC), Computational BioScience Research Center (CBRC), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia.

Microplastic particles (MPs) in the gastrointestinal tracts of nine fish species of commercial importance from different habitats (coastal, pelagic, and reef-associated) in the Saudi EEZ of the Arabian Gulf were quantified and classified. A total of eight MPs were retrieved from a total of 140 individual fish examined, with an average of 0.057 ± 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110920DOI Listing

Tobacco Research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Scoping Review of Published Studies from Seven Countries.

J Community Health 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

While surveillance on a global scale has been showing a decline in tobacco smoking in the past decade, rates in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) remained stable with some countries showing rising trends. This study aimed to analyze the landscape of tobacco research in the EMR, present data on publication trends, and identify research gaps and opportunities to guide future tobacco research in the region. We conducted a scoping review of tobacco research in seven countries from January 2000 to December 2013. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00850-8DOI Listing

Geophysical imaging of ophiolite structure in the United Arab Emirates.

Nat Commun 2020 May 29;11(1):2671. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3AN, UK.

The Oman-United Arab Emirates ophiolite has been used extensively to document the geological processes that form oceanic crust. The geometry of the ophiolite, its extension into the Gulf of Oman, and the nature of the crust that underlies it are, however, unknown. Here, we show the ophiolite forms a high velocity, high density, >15 km thick east-dipping body that during emplacement flexed down a previously rifted continental margin thereby contributing to subsidence of flanking sedimentary basins. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16521-0DOI Listing

Freshwater budget in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf and exchanges at the Strait of Hormuz.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233090. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Biology, Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Excess evaporation within the Persian (also referred as the Arabian) Gulf induces an inverse-estuary circulation. Surface waters are imported, via the Strait of Hormuz, while saltier waters are exported in the deeper layers. Using output of a 1/12-Degree horizontal resolution ocean general circulation model, the spatial structure and time variability of the circulation and the exchanges of volume and salt through the Strait of Hormuz are investigated in detail. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233090PLOS

Genetics and epigenetics of ibd.

Authors:
Vito Annese

Pharmacol Res 2020 May 25:104892. Epub 2020 May 25.

Head of Gastroenterology and Medical Director, Valiant Clinic, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; CBP American Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Aggregate Professor United Arabian Emirates University, College of Medicine & Health Science, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic intermittent inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown etiology but a clear genetic predisposition. Prompted by the first investigations on IBD families and twins, the genetic and epigenetic studies have produced an unprecedented amount of information in comparison with other immune-mediated or complex diseases. New inflammatory pathways and possible mechanisms of action have been disclosed, potentially leading to new-targeted therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2020.104892DOI Listing

Purification and biochemical characterization of Arabian balsam α-amylase and enhancing the retention and reusability via encapsulation onto calcium alginate/FeO nanocomposite beads.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

University of Jeddah, Department of Chemistry, Collage of Sciences and Arts at Khulais, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Chemistry Department, Faculty of Applied Science, Taiz University, Taiz, Yemen. Electronic address:

In this study, Arabian balsam α-amylase was purified using the three-step purification method with 9.8-fold purification and 7% recovery. The purified α-amylase's molecular weight was 85 kDa. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.05.176DOI Listing

Seroprevalence and risk factors of Q-fever (C. burnetii infection) among ruminants reared in the eastern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafr El Sheikh, Egypt.

Q-fever is a worldwide spread zoonotic disease associated with severe illness in humans and abortions and stillbirths in ruminants. Ruminants are major sources of human infection where subclinical carriers shed the bacteria in various secretions and excreta. The goal of the current study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of Coxiella burnetii infection among cattle, sheep, and goats in the eastern province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-020-02295-6DOI Listing

Ancient founder mutation in RUBCN: a second unrelated family confirms Salih ataxia (SCAR15).

BMC Neurol 2020 May 25;20(1):207. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, MBC: 03, P.O. Box 3354, Riyadh, 11211, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Homozygous frameshift mutation in RUBCN (KIAA0226), known to result in endolysosomal machinery defects, has previously been reported in a single Saudi family with autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia (Salih ataxia, SCAR15, OMIM # 615705). The present report describes the clinical, neurophysiologic, neuroimaging, and genetic findings in a second unrelated Saudi family with two affected children harboring identical homozygous frameshift mutation in the gene. It also explores and documents an ancient founder cerebellar ataxia mutation in the Arabian Peninsula. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-020-01761-wDOI Listing

Genetic analysis of TMPRSS6 gene in Saudi female patients with iron deficiency anemia.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Anatomy Department, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain.

Objective/background: Mutations in transmembrane protease serine 6 (TMPRSS6) gene induce high hepcidin level, which causes iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia (IRIDA) by preventing duodenal iron absorption. This study aims to identify the common genetic variations of the TMPRSS6 gene that affect iron levels among Saudi female patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA).

Methods: All study participants were Saudi females (12-49 years old): 32 patients with IDA, 32 patients with IRIDA, and 34 healthy individuals comprising the control group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hemonc.2020.04.007DOI Listing

A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of the impact of diurnal intermittent fasting during Ramadan on glucometabolic markers in healthy subjects.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020 May 21:108226. Epub 2020 May 21.

Endocrine Department, Dubai Hospital, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, UAE.

Aim: Studies on the effect of Ramadan diurnal intermittent fasting (RDIF) on glucometabolic markers have yielded conflicting results. We conducted ameta-analysis to estimate the effect size for changes in glucometabolic markers in healthy, non-athletic Muslims during Ramadan, and to assess the effect of variable covariates using meta-regression.

Methods: CINAHL, Cochrane, EBSCOhost, EMBASE, Google Scholar, ProQuest Medical, PubMed/MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched from date of inceptionto January 2020. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108226DOI Listing

The burden of disease in Saudi Arabia 1990-2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Authors:

Lancet Planet Health 2020 May;4(5):e195-e208

Background: Availability of data to assess the population health and provision and quality of health care in Saudi Arabia has been lacking. In 2010, Saudi Arabia began a major investment and transformation programme in the health-care sector. Here we assess the impact of this investment era on mortality, health loss, risk factors, and health-care services in the country. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(20)30075-9DOI Listing

Sea outfall disposal of stormwater in Doha Bay: Risk assessment based on dispersion modelling.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 11;732:139305. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Engineering, Western Sydney University, Australia. Electronic address:

A 3D numerical hydrodynamic and dispersion study was carried out using the MIKE3 Hydrodynamic model to assess the dispersion of stormwater effluents discharged from the four sea outfalls into Doha bay area in Qatar. Dispersion simulations were carried out for three scenarios: dry weather, representative storm event and first flush. Input parameters (such as temperature, salinity, total suspended solids, total Nitrogen and Faecal coliform) for the dispersion simulation were defined from measurements obtained during representative events for each scenario of interest. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139305DOI Listing

Electroclinical Findings of Epileptic Encephalopathy.

J Pediatr Neurosci 2020 Jan-Mar;15(1):29-33. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Child Neurology Section, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, AR, USA.

Introduction: Early-onset epileptic encephalopathies are among the most severe early-onset epilepsies, leading to progressive neurodegeneration. An increasing number of novel genetic causes continue to be uncovered as the primary etiology.

Results: We report a girl infant of Semitic (Saudi Arabian) descent who presented with multifocal seizures and later developed intractable infantile spasms and myoclonic seizures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JPN.JPN_10_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227754PMC

Two-year survey on the seasonal incidence of aflatoxin M1 in traditional dairy products in Egypt.

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Jun 20;57(6):2182-2189. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

2Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

The most popular and economically important traditional dairy products in Egypt are raw milk, Karish cheese (an Arabian dairy product made from defatted cow milk) and Zabady (an Arabian yoghurt made from buffalo and cow milk). In this study, 302 traditional dairy samples including raw milk (120), white Karish cheese (118), and Zabady (64) were analyzed for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) during different seasons in 2016 and 2017. Contamination of raw milk samples with AFM1 was 21. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04254-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230085PMC

The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Outbreak at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City-Riyadh from Emergency Medical Services Perspective.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2020 May 20:1-5. Epub 2020 May 20.

Emergency Medical Services Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a form of an infectious respiratory disease, discovered in November 2012 in Saudi Arabia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) reports, a total of 2,519 laboratory-confirmed cases and 866 MERS-CoV-related deaths were recorded as of March 5, 2016.1 The majority of reported cases originated from Saudi Arabia (2,121 cases). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X20000709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7264457PMC

Ongoing formation of felsic lower crustal channel by relamination in Zagros collision zone revealed from regional tomography.

Sci Rep 2020 May 19;10(1):8224. Epub 2020 May 19.

ETH Zurich, Department of Earth Sciences, Sonneggstrasse 5, Zurich, 8092, Switzerland.

Complex interaction of rheologically contrasting layers within the lithosphere during the collision of continental plates leads to active faulting, which represents a serious hazard to the population and infrastructure. One of the collision scenarios presumes the existence of a middle-lower crustal channel composed of subducted silicic upper crustal rocks, which is thought to exist in the Tibetan-Himalayan system. Based on the results of seismic tomography, we argue that a similar mechanism of crustal channeling takes place beneath the Zagros mountain system in southwestern Iran. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64946-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237424PMC

Potential therapeutic effects of endothelial cells trans-differentiated from Wharton's Jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells on altered vascular functions in aged diabetic rat model.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2020 11;12:40. Epub 2020 May 11.

1Clinical Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Background: Diabetes mellitus in elderly represents an exceptional subset in the population vulnerable to cardiovascular events. As aging, diabetes mellitus and hypertension share common pathways, an ideal treatment should possess the ability to counter more than one of, if not all, the underlying mechanisms. Stem cells emerged as a potential approach for complicated medical problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13098-020-00546-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216374PMC

Assessment of the FAM174A 11G allele as a risk allele for equine metabolic syndrome.

Anim Genet 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Veterinary Population Medicine Department, University of Minnesota, 225 Veterinary Medical Center, 1365 Gortner Ave, St Paul, MN, USA.

An 11G nucleotide repeat in the 3' UTR of FAM174A was recently postulated as a risk allele with a dominant mode of inheritance for equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) and laminitis status in Arabian horses. The objective of this project was to evaluate this hypothesis in a large and diverse across-breed population. A total of 301 ponies, 292 Morgans, 64 Arabians, 49 Tennessee Walking Horses and 59 Quarter Horses were genotyped for six observed G repeat alleles in the FAM174A 3' UTR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/age.12952DOI Listing

The Role of Establishing a Multidisciplinary Team for Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis in Improving Patient Outcomes and Spreading Awareness about Recent Disease Trends.

Int J Breast Cancer 2020 27;2020:5243958. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Surgery and Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Iidiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is stereotypically described as a mysterious entity that mimics breast carcinoma imposing management challenges. In 2002, we established a multidisciplinary team to treat patients with IGM. This study aimed to evaluate the role of this team in improving patient outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5243958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204166PMC
January 2020

Health Care Employees' Perceptions of the Use of Artificial Intelligence Applications: Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2020 May 14;22(5):e17620. Epub 2020 May 14.

Information Systems Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The advancement of health care information technology and the emergence of artificial intelligence has yielded tools to improve the quality of various health care processes. Few studies have investigated employee perceptions of artificial intelligence implementation in Saudi Arabia and the Arabian world. In addition, limited studies investigated the effect of employee knowledge and job title on the perception of artificial intelligence implementation in the workplace. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/17620DOI Listing

Quality of life and its determinants among hemodialysis patients: A single-center study.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2020 Mar-Apr;31(2):460-472

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between selected demographic and clinical characteristics and quality of life (QOL) scores in patients with end-stage renal disease who receive dialysis. We conducted the study at one hemodialysis (HD) unit in Bahrain from May 2018 to July 2018. We used standard QOL Index (QOLI) score instrument in Arabic form. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.284022DOI Listing

Dose optimization of gentamicin in critically ill neonates.

Curr Drug Metab 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Pathology-Biochemisty, Salmaniya Medical Hospital, Ministry of Health, Manama. Bahrain.

Background: Appropriate dosing of gentamicin in critically ill neonates is still debated.

Objective: To assess the peak concentration (Cmax) and area-under-the-time-concentration curve (AUC ) of gentamicin and to simulate the recommended doses using Monte Carlo method.

Methods: This was a retrospective study in critically ill neonates carried over a one-year period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389200221666200512111131DOI Listing

Poor dietary consumption and limited sun exposure are risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in premenopausal Kuwaiti women: A cross-sectional study.

Qatar Med J 2020 4;2020(1):15. Epub 2020 May 4.

Science Department, College of Basic Education, Public Authority for Applied Education and Training (PAAET, Kuwait.

Low serum vitamin D levels are reported constantly among females living in the Arabian Gulf countries, presumably due to their lifestyle, which limits direct sun exposure. Because Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in a wide range of ailments, healthy females with the deficiency might be at risk for developing many health problems. Thus, the aim was to assess lifestyle risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in healthy women in Kuwait. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5339/qmj.2020.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198469PMC

Use of autologous fascia lata graft to repair a complex corneal ulcer in a mare.

Ir Vet J 2020 5;73. Epub 2020 May 5.

Dubai Equine Hospital, 2 St N 22A, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Application of an autogenous fascia lata graft in the treatment of keratomalacia in the horse has not been reported. The present case describes the use of an autologous fascia lata graft to surgically treat a complicated corneal ulcer in a horse.

Case Presentation: A 12-year-old Arabian mare was admitted to Sharjah Equine Hospital with a history of right eye ulcerative keratitis of unknown duration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13620-020-00160-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201622PMC

Evolutionary relationships and population genetics of the Afrotropical leaf-nosed bats (Chiroptera, Hipposideridae).

Zookeys 2020 22;929:117-161. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Negaunee Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago IL 60605, USA Field Museum of Natural History Chicago United States of America.

The Old World leaf-nosed bats (Hipposideridae) are aerial and gleaning insectivores that occur throughout the Paleotropics. Both their taxonomic and phylogenetic histories are confused. Until recently, the family included genera now allocated to the Rhinonycteridae and was recognized as a subfamily of Rhinolophidae. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.929.50240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197329PMC

Prevalence of drugs with constipation-inducing potential and laxatives in community-dwelling older adults in Bahrain: therapeutic implications.

Int J Pharm Pract 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, College of Medicine & Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Objectives: This study evaluated the prevalence of prescribing drugs with constipation-inducing potential and the prophylactic use of laxatives in community-dwelling older adults.

Method: An audit of outpatient prescriptions ordered for older adults aged ≥65 years with one or more chronic morbidities in 24 governmental primary healthcare centres in Bahrain. The prescriptions were collected by pharmacist-in-charge of each health centre between December 2015 and June 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijpp.12636DOI Listing

Utilization pattern and side effect profile of oral anticonceptives: A community-based cross-sectional study among Saudi women.

Int J Clin Pharm 2020 May 9. Epub 2020 May 9.

Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: The rapid change in the socio-demographic pattern and changing beliefs toward fertility and birth spacing have resulted in a notable increase in the use of oral anticonceptives in the Saudi Arabian community. However, information on the current utilization of oral anticonceptives and attitudes toward their use remains sparse.

Objective: The present study evaluated the utilization pattern of oral anticonceptives, attitude toward pill use, and incidence of side effects among Saudi women. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01046-9DOI Listing

A pilot study on the pharmacokinetics of a single intramuscular injection of cefquinome in Arabian camel calves.

Acta Vet Hung 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

1Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, King Faisal University, Al Hofuf, Al Ahsa, 31982, Saudi Arabia.

This study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cefquinome in camel calves after a single intramuscular injection in a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight (kg b. w.). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/004.2020.00008DOI Listing

Sleep Quality in a Case-control Subset of Trisomy 21 and Typically Developing Children in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2019 Dec 1;20(12):1424-1429. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Aim: To identify sleep-domains as well as clinical features in children with trisomy 21 that may shed light on a possible sleep disturbance as compared with typically developing (TD) age-matched-controls.

Materials And Methods: A convenient sample of 100 Saudi Arabian children between the ages of 3-12 were invited to participate from several schools and centers in Riyadh during February 2018 to April 2018. Fifty of these children had trisomy 21, and 50 were TD age-matched-controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2019

Exploring women's experience of healthcare use during pregnancy and childbirth to understand factors contributing to perinatal deaths in Pakistan: A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(5):e0232823. Epub 2020 May 7.

The University of Sydney, Sydney School of Public Health, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Understanding key healthcare system challenges experienced by women during pregnancy and birth is crucial to scale up available interventions and reduce perinatal mortality. A community perspective about preferences and experience of care during this period can be used to improve community-based programs to reduce perinatal mortality. Using a qualitative exploratory approach, we examined women's experience of perinatal loss, aiming to understand the main factors, as perceived and experienced by women, leading to perinatal loss. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0232823PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205296PMC
May 2020
3.234 Impact Factor

Geochemical characterization of modern aeolian dust over the Northeastern Arabian Sea: Implication for dust transport in the Arabian Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 21;729:138576. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research, Goa, India.

The Arabian Sea, one of the most biologically productive oceanic regions, receive significant amount of nutrients through aeolian dust deposition which have potential to modulate surface water biogeochemical processes. Identification of dust sources is important to assess role of dust deposition to surface water biogeochemistry. Here we report geochemical characteristics (major elements and trace metals composition, clay mineralogy and radiogenic isotopes of Sr and Nd) of aeolian dust, derived from dust storms in Middle East and South West Asia, to decipher its sources and possible transport pathways over the Arabian Sea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138576DOI Listing
August 2020
4.099 Impact Factor

Coccidioidomycosis of the Vocal Cords Presenting in Sepsis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Crit Care 2020 20;2020:8025391. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, Colton, CA, USA.

Coccidioidomycosis is a predominantly pulmonary disease caused by species of , a fungus endemic to the American Southwest. Most cases involve exclusively pulmonary manifestations while less than one percent present with disseminated infection, usually with meningeal or skin involvement. In this case, a patient with a history of odynophagia, sore throat, productive cough, weight loss, and abnormalities on chest radiograph presented with sepsis and diabetic ketoacidosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8025391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189307PMC

Molecular Evolution and Structural Mapping of N-Terminal Domain in Spike Gene of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Viruses 2020 May 2;12(5). Epub 2020 May 2.

Department of Research Laboratories, Research Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh 59046, Saudi Arabia.

The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a lethal zoonotic pathogen circulating in the Arabian Peninsula since 2012. There is no vaccine for MERS and anti-viral treatment is generally not applicable. We investigated the evolution of the MERS-CoV spike gene sequences and changes in viral loads over time from patients in Saudi Arabia from 2105-2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12050502DOI Listing
May 2020
3.279 Impact Factor

Novel frameshift mutation in the gene causing spastic ataxia of charlevoix-saguenay in a consanguineous family from the Arabian Peninsula: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Apr;8(8):1477-1488

Department of Genetics, Genatak Center for Genomic Medicine, Kuwait City 12000, Kuwait.

Background: Familial cases of autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of charlevoix-saguenay have not been reported in the Arabian Peninsula, although the consanguineous marriage rate is very high. We report the first family from the Arabian Peninsula harboring a novel frameshift mutation in the gene.

Case Summary: A 33-year-old man presented to our neurology clinic with balance problems and weakness of distal upper and lower limbs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i8.1477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190960PMC

Ecosystem state change in the Arabian Sea fuelled by the recent loss of snow over the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau region.

Sci Rep 2020 May 4;10(1):7422. Epub 2020 May 4.

Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, Palisades, New York, 10964, USA.

The recent trend of global warming has exerted a disproportionately strong influence on the Eurasian land surface, causing a steady decline in snow cover extent over the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau region. Here we show that this loss of snow is undermining winter convective mixing and causing stratification of the upper layer of the Arabian Sea at a much faster rate than predicted by global climate models. Over the past four decades, the Arabian Sea has also experienced a profound loss of inorganic nitrate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64360-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198515PMC

Screening and Molecular Docking of Novel Benzothiazole Derivatives as Potential Antimicrobial Agents.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2020 Apr 29;9(5). Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, El-Minia 61511, Egypt.

The burden of antibiotic resistance necessitates a continued search for new antimicrobials. We evaluated the antimicrobial activities of novel benzothiazoles synthesized by our group. Antibacterial activity was evaluated in vitro in , , and , while the antifungal activity was tested in and , and expressed as the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC; µg/mL). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9050221DOI Listing

Asymmetry in the otolith length and width of three sparid fish species collected from Iraqi waters.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Apr 30;156:111177. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, České Budějovice, Czech Republic.

Bilateral asymmetry is presumed to reveal the developmental variability of the fish in polluted aquatic environments. In these habitats, high-level asymmetry develops, and these fish expend more energy to balance their growth than fish that are not under an impact. A total of 210 specimens of Acanthopagrus bifasciatus, A. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111177DOI Listing

One-Step Synthesis of Amphiphilic Nonylphenol Polyethyleneimine for Demulsification of Water in Heavy Crude Oil Emulsions.

ACS Omega 2020 Apr 16;5(16):9212-9223. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Surfactant Research Chair, Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

The demulsification of water-in-heavy crude oil emulsion with water droplet size in the microscale has drawn great attention because of their high stability and difficulty of separation. In the present work, a series of ethylene amine-based demulsifiers were prepared in one step through the interaction of pentaethylene hexamine, tetraethylene pentamine, and triethylene tetramene with glycidyl 4-nonylphenyl ether. The amphiphilic polyethyleneimine (APEI) abbreviated as DNPA-6, DNPA-5, and DNPA-4 were prepared to adjust their hydrophile-lipophile balances (HLB) to meet the requirement of the demulsification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c00002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191585PMC

HIV/AIDS-knowledge and attitudes in the Arabian Peninsula: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Infect Public Health 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, P.O. Box: 15551, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Background: HIV/AIDS prevention has been widely adopted worldwide, but little is known about HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes in the Arabian Peninsula.

Aim: To summarize the level of knowledge and attitude about HIV/AIDS in seven Arabian Peninsula countries (Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)).

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using combined keywords in four scientific databases of peer-reviewed publications from January 2010 to June 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Is there a role for HLA-G in the induction of regulatory T cells during the maintenance of a healthy pregnancy?

Am J Reprod Immunol 2020 Apr 30:e13259. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain.

Problem: Pregnancy remains an immune challenge for the uterus that has to adapt to a semi-allogeneic fetus using various regulatory mechanisms. Both HLA-G and regulatory T cells (CD4  CD25  FOXP3  T ) are upregulated in successful pregnancy, but not in abortion. It is unclear if HLA-G plays a role in the upregulation of regulatory cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aji.13259DOI Listing

The Association Between Maternal Age and the Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in Newborns from 2016 to 2018 in Single Cardiac Center in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2020 Mar 29;12(3):e7463. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Pediatric Cardiology, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, SAU.

Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are suggested to be associated with advanced maternal age in different ethnicities and geographical locations. To provide a profound ground for comparison with Saudi Arabian population, in this study, we have assessed the association between maternal age and congenital heart diseases for different age groups during the period from 2016 to 2018 in King Abdul-Aziz Medical City in Jeddah. In this case-control study, we found no evidence relating maternal age to the incidence of CHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188012PMC

Genetic diversity and population genetic structure of six dromedary camel () populations in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2020 May 14;27(5):1384-1389. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Camels are an integral and essential component of the Saudi Arabian heritage. The genetic diversity and population genetic structure of dromedary camels are poorly documented in Saudi Arabia so this study was carried out to investigate the genetic diversity of both local and exotic camel breeds. The genetic diversity was evaluated within and among camel populations using 21 microsatellite loci. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2019.11.041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182790PMC

Migraine screen questionnaire: further psychometric evidence from categorical data methods.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2020 Apr 28;18(1):113. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Box 225503, Riyadh, 11324, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Psychometric investigations of tools used in the screening of migraine including the migraine screen questionnaire (MS-Q), using an adequate statistical approach is needed. We assessed the psychometric properties of the migraine screen questionnaire (MS-Q) using categorical data methods.

Material And Methods: A total of 343 students at Mizan-Tepi University, Ethiopia, age range = 18-35 years were selected by a simple random sampling method to participate in a cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-020-01361-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189686PMC

Influence of Parental Physical Activity and Screen Time on the BMI of Adult Offspring in a Saudi Population.

Healthcare (Basel) 2020 Apr 24;8(2). Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia is witnessing a drastic rise in adult obesity. Geographic limitations hamper somatic activities to counter this rise. Parental physical inactivity in the region has never been addressed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020110DOI Listing

Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Obese Young Adult Population in Saudi Arabia-A Cross-Sectional Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2020 Apr 24;56(4). Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Periodontics and Community Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha 62521, Saudi Arabia.

: We aimed to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among obese young adults in Saudi Arabia and to analyze the association between different body mass indexes and the severity of periodontal disease. : This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 307 obese patients aged 18-39 years, with body mass index (BMI) ≥30. Demographic variables for periodontal disease, anthropometric parameters such as BMI along with clinical parameters such as oral hygiene index-simplified, community periodontal index (CPI) score and loss of attachment (LOA), were assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231025PMC
April 2020
0.508 Impact Factor