16 results match your criteria Arabian Journal For Science And Engineering[Journal]

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Efficient Framework Analysis for Targeted Drug Delivery Based on Internet of Bio-NanoThings.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Apr 22:1-16. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf, 32952 Egypt.

The Internet of Bio-NanoThings (IoBNTs) is a novel paradigm that derives from synthetic biology and advances in nanotechnology for controlling the embedded nanodevices in various medical applications. However, numerous studies have focused on communication efficiency among the nanodevices in a given network, the challenges such as the design and the development of the nanodevices, and the coordination of molecular communication within the wireless body area network (BAN), and the interface connection between the BAN and the Internet are yet to be addressed. Therefore, in this study, we present a framework analysis comprising of the compartmental model, for studying the effects and variances in drug concentration that occur inside intra-body nanonetworks through IoBNT, while taking into account the properties of target cells as well as the ligand-receptor binding mechanism. Read More

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Herbal Medicine Used in the Treatment of Human Diseases in the Rif, Northern Morocco.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Apr 7:1-23. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Plant, Animal Productions and Agro-Industry Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, B.P. 133, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco.

Since the beginning of time, the Moroccan people have used many medicinal plants as a popular medicine to cure many human and livestock health problems. Yet, few studies have been carried in the past to properly document and promote traditional ethnomedicinal knowledge. This study was conducted out from July 1st, 2016 to July 30th, 2018 in the Rif; it was aimed to establish the list of medicinal plants, together with the association of ethnomedicinal knowledge. Read More

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Accurate Classification of COVID-19 Based on Incomplete Heterogeneous Data using a NN Variant Algorithm.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Mar 4:1-12. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Great efforts are now underway to control the coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19). Millions of people are medically examined, and their data keep piling up awaiting classification. The data are typically both incomplete and heterogeneous which hampers classical classification algorithms. Read More

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An Intelligent and Energy-Efficient Wireless Body Area Network to Control Coronavirus Outbreak.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Feb 26:1-20. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, India.

The coronaviruses are a deadly family of epidemic viruses that can spread from one individual to another very quickly, infecting masses. The literature on epidemics indicates that the early diagnosis of a coronavirus infection can lead to a reduction in mortality rates. To prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from spreading, the regular identification and monitoring of infected patients are needed. Read More

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February 2021

An Improved Hybrid Approach for Handling Class Imbalance Problem.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Jan 28:1-12. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Examination Branch, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, India.

Class imbalance issue that presents in many real-world datasets exhibit favouritism toward the majority class and showcases poor performance for the minority class. Such misclassifications may incur dubious outcome in case of disease diagnosis and other critical applications. Hence, it is a hot topic for the researchers to tackle the class imbalance issue. Read More

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January 2021

Training Feedforward Neural Network Using Enhanced Black Hole Algorithm: A Case Study on COVID-19 Related ACE2 Gene Expression Classification.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Jan 23:1-22. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Software Engineering, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this paper is twofold. First, black hole algorithm (BHA) is proposed as a new training algorithm for feedforward neural networks (FNNs), since most traditional and metaheuristic algorithms for training FNNs suffer from the problem of slow coverage and getting stuck at local optima. BHA provides a reliable alternative to address these drawbacks. Read More

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January 2021

Deep Learning for Discussion-Based Cross-Domain Performance Prediction of MOOC Learners Grouped by Language on FutureLearn.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Jan 6:1-17. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Computer Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, 34220 Istanbul, Turkey.

Analysing learners' behaviours in MOOCs has been used to identify predictive features associated with positive outcomes in engagement and learning success. Early methods predominantly analysed numerical features of behaviours such as the page views, video views, and assessment grades. Analysing extracted numeric features using baseline machine learning algorithms performed well to predict the learners' future performance in MOOCs. Read More

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January 2021

Secure CT-Image Encryption for COVID-19 Infections Using HBBS-Based Multiple Key-Streams.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Jan 5:1-13. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

College of Computing and Information Technology, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia.

The task of preserving patient data is becoming more sophisticated with the evolution of technology and its integration with the medical sector in the form of telemedicine and electronic health (e-health). Secured medical image transmission requires adequate techniques for protecting patient privacy. This study aims at encrypting Coronavirus (COVID-19) images of Computed Tomography (CT) chest scan into cipherimages for secure real-world data transmission of infected patients. Read More

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January 2021

Neural Synchronization-Guided Concatenation of Header and Secret Shares for Secure Transmission of Patients' Electronic Medical Record: Enhancing Telehealth Security for COVID-19.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Jan 2:1-17. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal 741235 India.

This paper deals with one of the key problems of e-healthcare which is the security. Patients are worried about the confidentiality of their electronic medical record (EMR) which could be used to expose their identities. It is high time to revisit the confidentiality and security issues of the existing telehealth system. Read More

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January 2021

Managed Aquifer Recharge in the Gulf Countries: A Review and Selection Criteria.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Nov 6:1-15. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Department of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore, Tamil Nadu India.

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are arid with very limited availability of water resources. In recent years, these countries have started an intensive program to increase the storage of groundwater through various techniques of managed aquifer recharge (MAR). Water consisting of varying quantity and quality (derived from various sources) are used via MAR techniques to increase the groundwater storage and, if possible to enhance its quality, respectively. Read More

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November 2020

Blockchain for COVID-19: Review, Opportunities, and a Trusted Tracking System.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Oct 12:1-17. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

The sudden development of the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the limitations in modern healthcare systems to handle public health emergencies. It is evident that adopting innovative technologies such as blockchain can help in effective planning operations and resource deployments. Blockchain technology can play an important role in the healthcare sector, such as improved clinical trial data management by reducing delays in regulatory approvals, and streamline the communication between diverse stakeholders of the supply chain, etc. Read More

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October 2020

A Hybrid Approach to Solve the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows and Synchronized Visits In-Home Health Care.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Aug 5:1-16. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Department of Management Information Systems and Production Management, College of Business and Economics, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia.

With technological progress in particular telemedicine and health care, the information should meet and serve as well the needs of people and in particular whom with reduced mobility, the elderly as well as people with difficulties to access to medical resources and services. These services should be achieved in a fast and reliable manner based on case priorities. One of the major challenges in health care is the routing and scheduling problem to meet people's needs. Read More

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A SIR-Poisson Model for COVID-19: Evolution and Transmission Inference in the Maghreb Central Regions.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Jul 23:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Laboratory of Probability and Statistics, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, Sfax, Tunisia.

2019-nCoV is a virulent virus belonging to the coronavirus family that caused the new pneumonia (COVID-19) which has spread internationally very rapidly and has become pandemic. In this research paper, we set forward a statistical model called SIR-Poisson that predicts the evolution and the global spread of infectious diseases. The proposed SIR-Poisson model is able to predict the range of the infected cases in a future period. Read More

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Desirability Optimization Models to Create the Global Healthcare Competitiveness Index.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Jun 24:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Engineering Faculty, Marmara University, Istanbul, 34722 Turkey.

The aim of this research is to enhance desirability optimization models to create a global healthcare competitiveness index (GHCI) covering 53 countries with gross domestic product per capita (GDP PC) of over $10,000. The GHCI is defined as an index that reveals the progress and quality of the healthcare systems in countries providing their patients with easier access opportunities to healthcare services within the scope of this work. Methods of statistical analysis have been adopted together with optimization models and techniques in this research. Read More

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Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of 1,2,4-Thiadiazole-1,2,4-Triazole Derivatives Bearing Amide Functionality as Anticancer Agents.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 May 22:1-8. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Chemistry, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Andhra Pradesh 522510 India.

A novel library of amide functionality having 1,2,4-thiadiazole-1,2,4-triazole () analogs was designed, synthesized, and structures were characterized by H NMR, C NMR, and mass (ESI-MS) spectral data. Further, all compounds were evaluated for their anticancer activities against four different cancer cell lines including breast cancer (MCF-7, MDA MB-231), lung cancer (A549), and prostate cancer (DU-145) by MTT reduction assay method, and etoposide acts as a standard drug. The results confirmed that majority of the synthesized compounds showed moderate to potent anticancer activities aligned with four cell lines. Read More

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Event-Driven ECG Sensor in Healthcare Devices for Data Transfer Optimization.

Arab J Sci Eng 2020 Mar 31:1-27. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

3IMS Research Laboratory, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux INP Enseirb-Matmeca, 351 Cours de la Libération, Bâtiment A31, 33405 Talence Cedex, France.

The long-term monitoring of cardiovascular signs requires a wearable and connected electrocardiogram (ECG) healthcare device. It increases user's comfort and diagnosis quality of chronic cardiac and/or high-risk patients. This paper covers the enormous data to be transmitted from the ECG device to the physician's, namely the cardiologist's, control unit. Read More

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