66 results match your criteria Arabian Journal For Science And Engineering[Journal]


C-COVIDNet: A CNN Model for COVID-19 Detection Using Image Processing.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Apr 30:1-12. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India.

COVID-19 has become a global disaster that has disturbed the socioeconomic fabric of the world. Efficient and cost-effective diagnosis methods are very much required for better treatment and eliminating false cases for COVID-19. COVID-19 disease is a type of respiratory syndrome, thus lung X-ray analysis has got the attention for an effective diagnosis. Read More

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Expectation-Based Probabilistic Naive Approach for Forecasting Involving Optimized Parameter Estimation.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Apr 23:1-8. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering Department, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab 147004 India.

This paper presents a forecasting technique based on the principle of naïve approach imposed in a probabilistic sense, thus allowing to express the prediction as the statistical expectation of known observations with a weight involving an unknown parameter. This parameter is learnt from the given data through minimization of error. The theoretical foundation is laid out, and the resulting algorithm is concisely summarized. Read More

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Applying Hybrid Deep Neural Network for the Recognition of Sign Language Words Used by the Deaf COVID-19 Patients.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Apr 22:1-14. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Computer Science, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, Kerala 671320 India.

The rapid spread of the novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) has disrupted the traditional clinical services all over the world. Hospitals and healthcare centers have taken extreme care to minimize the risk of exposure to the virus by restricting the visitors and relatives of the patients. The dramatic changes happened in the healthcare norms have made it hard for the deaf patients to communicate and receive appropriate care. Read More

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Recent Advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: A Review.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Apr 25:1-22. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, India.

In recent decades, aerial robots especially small UAVs and drones have witnessed tremendous improvements in terms of their structure, working methodology, flying features and navigation control. UAVs are highly utilized in a wide range of services such as photography, path planning, search and rescue, inspection of power lines and civil constructions, etc. This manuscript reports a wide overview and comprehensive survey of recent developments in commercially available UAV's and gives a brief note on the progress and research covered in last 10 years. Read More

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Performance Comparison of Single and Double Masks: Filtration Efficiencies, Breathing Resistance and CO Content.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Apr 6:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia, 43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor Malaysia.

The emergence of a pandemic affecting the respiratory system has resulted in a significant demand for face masks. Masks have always been mentioned as an effective tool against environmental threats. This includes the use of double masks by large sections of the public, as can be seen during the current global spread of COVID-19. Read More

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Multiple Ant Colony Algorithm Combining Community Relationship Network.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Feb 18:1-16. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

School of Management, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, 201620 China.

Ant colony algorithm can better deal with combinatorial optimization problems, but it is still difficult to balance the solution accuracy and convergence speed facing large-scale TSP. Nowadays, most scholars focus on the route information of better ants for improvement, while ignoring the route information of general ants with a large base. So, this study proposes the multiple ant colony algorithm combining community relationship network (CACO) by collecting route information of all ants and constructing a route relationship network to improve the accuracy of the solution. Read More

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February 2022

Arabic Fake News Detection Based on Textual Analysis.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Feb 11:1-17. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

IT Department, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Over the years, social media has had a considerable impact on the way we share information and send messages. With this comes the problem of the rapid distribution of fake news which can have negative impacts on both individuals and society. Given the potential negative influence, detecting unmonitored 'fake news' has become a critical issue in mainstream media. Read More

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February 2022

Improving Neural Machine Translation for Low Resource Algerian Dialect by Transductive Transfer Learning Strategy.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Feb 8:1-8. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Laboratory of Research in Computer Science (LRI), Department of Computer Science, University of Badji Mokhtar, 23000 Annaba, Algeria.

This study is the first work on a transductive transfer learning approach for low-resource neural machine translation applied to the Algerian Arabic dialect. The transductive approach is based on a fine-tuning transfer learning strategy that transfers knowledge from the parent model to the child model. This strategy helps to solve the learning problem using limited parallel corpora. Read More

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February 2022

A Hybrid Approach of Spotted Hyena Optimization Integrated with Quadratic Approximation for Training Wavelet Neural Network.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Feb 1:1-17. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, Odisha 768018 India.

Spotted hyena optimization (SHO) is one of the newly evolved swarm-based metaheuristic optimization methods based on the social life cycle of hyenas. In recent times SHO is being applied to various engineering applications as well as to solve real-life complications. In this paper, we have hybridized SHO with quadratic approximation operator (QAO), termed as QASHO. Read More

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February 2022

Quantum Edge Extraction of Chest CT Image for the Detection and Differentiation of Infected Region of COVID-19 Patient.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 30:1-12. Epub 2022 Jan 30.

Department of ECE, Tezpur University, Tezpur, Napam, Assam 784028 India.

The COVID-19 outbreak requires urgent public health attention throughout the world due to having its fast human to human transmission. As per the guidelines of the World Health Organization, rapid testing, vaccination, and isolation are the only options to break the chain of COVID-19 infection. Lung computed tomography (CT) plays a prime role in the accurate detection of COVID-19. Read More

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January 2022

VMFCVD: An Optimized Framework to Combat Volumetric DDoS Attacks using Machine Learning.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 23:1-19. Epub 2022 Jan 23.

Department of Computer Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University), Lucknow, 226025 UP India.

Despite significant development in distributed denial of service (DDoS) defense systems, the downtime caused by DDoS damages reputation, crushes end-user experience, and leads to considerable revenue loss. Volumetric DDoS attacks are the most common form of DDoS attack and are carried out by an army of infected IoT devices or by reflector servers, which increase attacks at massive scales. In this work, we propose a voting-based multimode framework to combat volumetric DDoS (VMFCVD) attacks. Read More

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January 2022

Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Biological Investigation of a New Ca(II) Complex of Meloxicam as Potential COX-2 Inhibitor.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 19:1-18. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

School of Chemistry, University of The Punjab, New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan.

Drug development on basis of coordination compounds provides versatile structural and functional properties as compared to other organic compounds. In the present study, a new Ca(II) complex of meloxicam was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-Vis, C NMR, SEM-EDX, powder XRD and thermal analysis (TGA). The Ca(II) complex was investigated for its in vitro, in vivo biological activities and in silico docking analysis against COX-1 and COX-2. Read More

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January 2022

A Novel Distributed Stack Ensembled Meta-Learning-Based Optimized Classification Framework for Real-time Prolific IoT Traffic Streams.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 18:1-24. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Computer Science and Engineering, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab India.

The concurrence of state-of-the-art Industrial 5G, Cyber-Physical Systems, Smart-Systems, Industrial Internet of Things, and Additive Manufacturing paves the next-level digital remodeling. However, the transfiguration unwittingly tailpiece an operational onus on the smart-environment operators. The multiplicity and classes of IoT devices operating in the intelligent environment are myriad. Read More

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January 2022

Predicting Student Performance from Online Engagement Activities Using Novel Statistical Features.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 17:1-19. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Engineering and Science, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar, 31952 Saudi Arabia.

Predicting students' performance during their years of academic study has been investigated tremendously. It offers important insights that can help and guide institutions to make timely decisions and changes leading to better student outcome achievements. In the post-COVID-19 pandemic era, the adoption of e-learning has gained momentum and has increased the availability of online related learning data. Read More

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January 2022

Shining a Light on Wastewater Treatment with Microalgae.

Authors:
John J Kilbane

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 12;47(1):45-56. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL USA.

Microalgae can produce biofuels, nutriceuticals, pigments and many other products, but commercialization has been limited by the cost of growing, harvesting and processing algal biomass. Nutrients, chiefly nitrogen and phosphorus, are a key cost for growing microalgae, but these nutrients are present in abundance in municipal wastewater where they pose environmental problems if not removed. This is not a traditional review article; rather, it is a fact-based set of suggestions that will have to be investigated by scientists and engineers. Read More

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January 2022

Photovoltaic and Photovoltaic Thermal Technologies for Refrigeration Purposes: An Overview.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 10:1-34. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Qassim University, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia.

Refrigeration systems have a broad range of applications, playing a critical role in human life. Especially, vaccine preservation in rural regions has become more critical than in the past during the COVID19 era. In this sense, meeting the cooling process's energy need with renewable energy is critical, as the grid cannot support it. Read More

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January 2022

Application of Mathematical Modeling in Prediction of COVID-19 Transmission Dynamics.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 7:1-24. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, 16273 Saudi Arabia.

The entire world has been affected by the outbreak of COVID-19 since early 2020. Human carriers are largely the spreaders of this new disease, and it spreads much faster compared to previously identified coronaviruses and other flu viruses. Although vaccines have been invented and released, it will still be a challenge to overcome this disease. Read More

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January 2022

Forecasting COVID-19: Vector Autoregression-Based Model.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 Jan 3:1-10. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India.

Forecasting the spread of COVID-19 infection is an important aspect of public health management. In this paper, we propose an approach to forecasting the spread of the pandemic based on the vector autoregressive model. Concretely, we combine the time series for the number of new cases and the number of new deaths to obtain a joint forecasting model. Read More

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January 2022

Principle Parameters and Environmental Impacts that Affect the Performance of Wind Turbine: An Overview.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Nov 18:1-19. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka, 42421 Saudi Arabia.

The share of wind-based electricity generation is gradually increasing in the world energy market. Wind energy can reduce dependency on fossil fuels, as the result being attributed to a decrease in global warming. This paper discusses and reviews the basic principle parameters that affect the performance of wind turbines. Read More

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November 2021

An Improved Animal Migration Optimization Algorithm to Train the Feed-Forward Artificial Neural Networks.

Authors:
Şaban Gülcü

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Nov 10:1-25. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Computer Engineering Department, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey.

The most important and demanding part of the artificial neural network is the training process which involves finding the most suitable values for the weights in the network architecture, a challenging optimization problem. Gradient approaches and the meta-heuristic approaches are two methods extensively used to optimize the weights in the network. Gradient approaches have serious disadvantages including getting stuck in local optima, inadequate exploration, etc. Read More

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November 2021

Removal of Hydroxychloroquine Using Engineered Biochar from Algal Biodiesel Industry Waste: Characterization and Design of Experiment (DoE).

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Oct 12:1-10. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sinop University, 57000 Sinop, Turkey.

Adsorption of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) onto HPO-activated (Stackhouse) C. Agardh (derived from algal biodiesel industry waste) biochar was investigated via batch experiments and mathematical models. The activated biochar (BC-H) was produced in a single step by using the microwave irradiation method. Read More

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October 2021

Improving Sentiment Analysis for Social Media Applications Using an Ensemble Deep Learning Language Model.

Authors:
Ahmed Alsayat

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 11;47(2):2499-2511. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka, 72388 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

As data grow rapidly on social media by users' contributions, specially with the recent coronavirus pandemic, the need to acquire knowledge of their behaviors is in high demand. The opinions behind posts on the pandemic are the scope of the tested dataset in this study. Finding the most suitable classification algorithms for this kind of data is challenging. Read More

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October 2021

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for the Non-invasive Detection of COVID-19 Through the Analysis of Voice Signals.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Oct 8:1-11. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Institute of High-Performance Computing and Networking (ICAR) - National Research Council of Italy (CNR), via Pietro Castellino, 111, 80131 Naples Italy.

Healthcare sensors represent a valid and non-invasive instrument to capture and analyse physiological data. Several vital signals, such as voice signals, can be acquired anytime and anywhere, achieved with the least possible discomfort to the patient thanks to the development of increasingly advanced devices. The integration of sensors with artificial intelligence techniques contributes to the realization of faster and easier solutions aimed at improving early diagnosis, personalized treatment, remote patient monitoring and better decision making, all tasks vital in a critical situation such as that of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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October 2021

Computer-Aided Detection of COVID-19 from CT Images Based on Gaussian Mixture Model and Kernel Support Vector Machines Classifier.

Authors:
Ahmet Saygılı

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 7;47(2):2435-2453. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Computer Engineering Department, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, Silahtarağa Mahallesi Üniversite 1.Sokak, No:13, 59860 Çorlu, Tekirdağ Turkey.

COVID-19 is a virus that has been declared an epidemic by the world health organization and causes more than 2 million deaths in the world. To achieve this, computer-aided automatic diagnosis systems are created on medical images. In this study, an image processing and machine learning-based method is proposed that enables segmenting of CT images taken from COVID-19 patients and automatic detection of the virus through the segmented images. Read More

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October 2021

EEG Signal Feature Selection Algorithm and Support Vector Machine Model in Patient's Fatigue Recognition.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Oct 5:1-7. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, SR University, Warangal, India.

In March 2020, a cohort of 26 is treated critically ill hospitalized SARS-CoV-2 infected patients who received EEGs to assess unexplained altered mental status, loss of consciousness, or poor arousal and responsiveness. The objective of the present work is to develop a method that is able to automatically determine mental status of vigilance, i.e. Read More

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October 2021

Detection of Turkish Fake News in Twitter with Machine Learning Algorithms.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 1;47(2):2359-2379. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Computer Engineering, Balikesir University, 10145 Balikesir, Turkey.

Social media has affected people's information sources. Since most of the news on social media is not verified by a central authority, it may contain fake news for various reasons such as advertising and propaganda. Considering an average of 500 million tweets were posted daily on Twitter alone in the year of 2020, it is possible to control each share only with smart systems. Read More

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October 2021

Intelligent Computing with Levenberg-Marquardt Backpropagation Neural Networks for Third-Grade Nanofluid Over a Stretched Sheet with Convective Conditions.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Sep 29:1-19. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Mathematics, Capital University of Science and Technology (CUST), Islamabad, 44000 Pakistan.

This article discussed the influence of activation energy on MHD flow of third-grade nanofluid model (MHD-TGNFM) along with the convective conditions and used the technique of backpropagation in artificial neural network using Levenberg-Marquardt technique (BANN-LMT). The PDEs representing (MHD-TGNFM) transformed into the system of ODEs. The dataset for BANN-LMT is computed for the six scenarios by using the Adam numerical method by varying the local Hartman number (Ha), Prandtl number (Pr), local chemical reaction parameter (), Schmidt number (Sc), concentration Biot number ( ) and thermal Biot number ( ). Read More

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September 2021

Supervised Learning Algorithm to Study the Magnetohydrodynamic Flow of a Third Grade Fluid for the Analysis of Wire Coating.

Arab J Sci Eng 2021 Sep 29:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Attock Campus, Attock, 43600 Pakistan.

In the present study, modeling of intelligent numerical computing through Levenberg-Marquardt back propagation-based supervised neural network (LMB-SNN) is incorporated to analyze the magnetohydrodynamic flow of a third grade fluid for wire coating analysis (MHD-TGFWCA). The original mathematical formulations in terms of partial differential equations for MHD-TGFWCA are converted into a system of ordinary differential equations through dimensionless parameters and a suitable transformation mechanism. A reference dataset for the LMB-SNNs scheme is created with Adam's numerical technique for various scenarios by variation of different physical quantities such as third grade fluid parameter, magnetic parameter, and the velocity ratio parameter. Read More

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September 2021

Bi-Objective Adaptive Large Neighborhood Search Algorithm for the Healthcare Waste Periodic Location Inventory Routing Problem.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 18;47(3):3861-3876. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cankaya University Main Campus, Yukariyurtcu Mah. Mimar Sinan Cad. No:4, 06790 Ankara, Turkey.

There has been an unexpected increase in the amount of healthcare waste during the COVID-19 pandemic. Managing healthcare waste is vital, as improper practices in the waste system can lead to the further spread of the virus. To develop effective and sustainable waste management systems, decisions in all processes from the source of the waste to its disposal should be evaluated together. Read More

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September 2021

Intermodal Humanitarian Logistics Using Unit Load Devices.

Arab J Sci Eng 2022 15;47(3):3821-3846. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Industrial Engineering, Çankaya University, Eskisehir Yolu 29 km, 06790 Etimesgut, Ankara Turkey.

Intermodal freight transportation facilitates today's global trade. The benefits of intermodal freight transportation have been studied and are more observable in commercial logistics; however, the potential benefits of humanitarian logistics have not been thoroughly investigated. This research aims to present a resilient transportation framework by modeling intermodal transportation utilizing interoperable loading devices during disaster responses. Read More

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September 2021