5,226 results match your criteria Arabian Journal For Science And Engineering[Journal]


Vitamin E modifies high-fat diet-induced reduction of seizure threshold in rats: Role of oxidative stress.

Physiol Behav 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

There is increasing evidence that oxidative stress is a causal factor in different neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy. High-fat diet (HFD) has been shown to induce oxidative stress and neuronal damage that may increase susceptibility to seizures. The present study was undertaken to investigate the relationships between vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, HFD, and chemically induced seizures, using the PTZ seizure model in rats. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00319384183121
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Taxonomic Justification of the Pathogenic Strongylid Infecting the Arabian Camel as by Morphological and Molecular Phylogeny.

J Vet Res 2019 Mar 22;63(1):51-61. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, 12613 Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: There is still lack of morphological and phylogenetic information on the pathogenic nematode of the camel . In the present study, this parasite was isolated in Saudi Arabia and described.

Material And Methods: The abomasa of two Arabian camels were collected from a slaughterhouse in Abha province and examined for nematode infection. Read More

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https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/jvetres/63/1/artic
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jvetres-2019-0019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458561PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The horse Y chromosome as an informative marker for tracing sire lines.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 15;9(1):6095. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, 1210, Austria.

Analysis of the Y chromosome is the best-established way to reconstruct paternal family history in humans. Here, we applied fine-scaled Y-chromosomal haplotyping in horses with biallelic markers and demonstrate the potential of our approach to address the ancestry of sire lines. We de novo assembled a draft reference of the male-specific region of the Y chromosome from Illumina short reads and then screened 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42640-wDOI Listing

Effect of academic stressors on eating habits among medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):390-400

College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Saudi Arabia.

Context: Stress can be defined as an integral response of the organism to pressures from the internal or external environment with the aim to maintain homeostasis. Usually, it has a negative impact on human health. Medical students can feel stress during their preclinical studies due to overload of work such as assignments, lectures, and seminars. Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2019/8/2/390/253061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_455_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436320PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of chronic administration and withdrawal of caffeine on motor function, cognitive functions, anxiety, and the social behavior of BLC57 mice.

Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2019 Mar-Apr;13(2):10-16

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Objectives: The cognitive functions, motor coordination, and social behavior were studied in rodents after adding different doses of caffeine in their drinking water.

Methodology: BLC57 mice were divided into four groups: Control ( = 8), chronic moderate dose ( = 8, Ch] MD), Ch high dose ( = 8, Ch HD), and withdrawal ( = 8, WD). Caffeine was administered for 1 month to all groups. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436450PMC

[Gestational diabetes mellitus (Update 2019)].

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Abteilung für Innere Medizin, Privatklinik Wehrle-Diakonissen, Salzburg, Österreich.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as a glucose tolerance disorder with onset during pregnancy and is associated with increased feto-maternal morbidity as well as long-term complications in mother and child. Women who fulfil the criteria of a manifest diabetes in early pregnancy (fasting plasma glucose >126 mg/dl, spontaneous glucose level >200 mg/dl or HbA1c > 6.5% before 20 weeks of gestation) should be classified as having manifest diabetes in pregnancy and treated as such. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-018-1419-8DOI Listing

Autosomal recessive ADCY5-Related dystonia and myoclonus: Expanding the genetic spectrum of ADCY5-Related movement disorders.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Biomedical Research, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: ADCY5-related hyperkinesia encompasses a heterogeneous group of phenotypes, including paroxysmal chorea, myoclonus, and dystonia. The disease is attributed to mutations of ADCY5, which encodes an adenylate cyclase enzyme. The disease can occur in a sporadic or familial pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.02.039DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Re-evaluation of polihexanide use in wound antisepsis in order to clarify ambiguities of two animal studies.

J Wound Care 2019 Apr;28(4):246-255

Consultant Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control, Consultant Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department for Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Objective: Due to classification of the agent polihexanide (PHMB) in category 2 'may cause cancer' by the Committee for Risk Assessment of the European Chemicals Agency in 2011, the users of wound antiseptics may be highly confused. In 2017, this statement was updated, defining PHMB up to 0.1% as a preservative safe in all cosmetic products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2019.28.4.246DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Taste Preferences of Horses in Relation to Their Breed and Sex.

J Equine Vet Sci 2018 May 20;64:59-64. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Horse Breeding and Use, Faculty of Biology, Animal Sciences and Bioeconomy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the taste preferences of horses in relation to their breed and sex. Forty-eight adult purebred Arabian, Anglo-Arabian, Polish Konik, and Polish cold-blooded horses-stallions and mares in equal numbers-were examined in the study. During the experiment, five types of industrially processed feeds based on oats and natural dried products commonly regarded as horse treats (i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07370806173064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2018.02.010DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

Pediatric vesicolithotomy from ancient India to Greece, Arabia and the western world.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

SRM Medical College, Chennai, India.

Surgeons removed bladder stones by perineal lithotomy in ancient times. The first surgeon who dared to invade a body cavity knew human anatomy and was skilled in the use of surgical instruments. The operation probably originated in India since the Sushruta Samhita, a surgical text, antedates Hippocrates by several hundred years. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04477-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04477-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Epidemiological and genetic characterization of pH1N1 and H3N2 influenza viruses circulated in MENA region during 2009-2017.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Apr 11;19(1):314. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Biomedical Research Center, Qatar University, Doha, 2713, Qatar.

Background: Influenza surveillance is necessary for detection of emerging variants of epidemiologic and clinical significance. This study describes the epidemiology of influenza types A and B, and molecular characteristics of surface glycoproteins (hemagglutinin [HA] and neuraminidase [NA]) of influenza A subtypes: pH1N1 and H3N2 circulated in Arabian Gulf, Levant and North Africa regions during 2009-2017.

Methods: Analysis of phylogenetics and evolution of HA and NA genes was done using full HA and NA sequences (n = 1229) downloaded from Influenza Research Database (IRD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3930-6DOI Listing

Probiotics and Their Quality-Related Concerns: Highlights From the Saudi Arabian Market.

Ther Innov Regul Sci 2019 Apr 9:2168479019841024. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

1 Saudi Food and Drug Authority Laboratories, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Probiotics are pharmaceutical products that contain living bacteria and are used to manage certain disorders, as well as to enhance general health. There are some reports criticizing the quality of these products, highlighting findings such as pathogen contamination and misleading labeling. Regulation and control of probiotics vary between international regulatory authorities, creating a gap between probiotic manufacturers and regulatory bodies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2168479019841024DOI Listing

Population dynamics of ticks infesting horses in north-west Tunisia.

Rev Sci Tech 2018 Dec;37(3):837-841

A preliminary study was carried out to examine the population dynamics of ticks on 24 pure Arabian horses. The horses were monitored monthly over one year in the Ghardimaou region of north-west Tunisia. A total of 120 adult ticks were collected and identified, leading to the estimation of different parasitological indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20506/rst.37.3.2890DOI Listing
December 2018

Efficacy of vitamin D supplementation according to vitamin D-binding protein polymorphisms.

Nutrition 2019 Feb 19;63-64:148-154. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Chair for Biomarkers of Chronic Diseases, Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) gene polymorphisms in vitamin D metabolites before and after vitamin D supplementation.

Methods: In all, 234 participants (126 women; 108 men) with vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D <50 nmol/L] were given 50 000 IU of vitamin D supplements for 8 wk followed by daily maintenance of 1000 IU for 4 mo. Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs4588 and rs7041) in DBP coding gene were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2.926 Impact Factor

Variability of organic nitrogen and its role in regulating phytoplankton in the eastern Arabian Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2019 Apr 12;141:550-560. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula 403 004, Goa, India.

The relative importance of organic nitrogen (ON) and inorganic nitrogen (IN) as nitrogen sources for the phytoplankton communities were studied through a seasonal time series of nitrogen species in the eastern Arabian Sea. Seasonal data on nitrogen species showed that ON dominates the system throughout the year and account for >90% of the total nitrogen (TN) during north east monsoon (NEM). The average ON concentration in the study region was 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.036DOI Listing

Association to vegetated habitats and different vulnerability to habitat degradation for two fish species, Epinephelus areolatus (Serranidae) and Siganus canaliculatus (Siganidae), from the western Arabian Gulf.

Mar Pollut Bull 2019 Apr 10;141:482-492. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Marine Studies Section, Center for Environment and Waters, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia.

Epinephelus areolatus and Siganus canaliculatus are two species of fisheries importance associated with vegetated habitats, which are in turn threatened by human activities such as land filling. We tested their associations with vegetated habitats in the Arabian Gulf and examined essential life history traits to infer their vulnerability to the degradation of vegetated habitats. Epinephelus areolatus is found to be more abundant at deeper offshore vegetated habitats, while S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.03.011DOI Listing

LIBS for the detection of lead in ready to use henna paste and nutrients in fresh henna leaves and cultivated soils.

Talanta 2019 Jul 11;199:203-211. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Laser Research Group, Physics Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P.O. Box 5047, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia.

Commercially available ready to use henna paste, procured from the local market in Pakistan were tested to find the level of hazardous element, lead present in the samples, using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The source of lead in the ready to use henna is from the artificial chemical additives in henna paste, added to enhance the color and also to speed up the dying of the henna tattoo in hand, feet, and body. Henna tattooing is an inevitable practice in the social events in the cultures of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Peninsula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.02.047DOI Listing

Tobacco and waterpipe use among university students in Saudi Arabia: impact of tobacco sales ban.

East Mediterr Health J 2019 Mar 19;25(2):111-118. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States of America.

Background: Waterpipe smoking is a method of tobacco consumption that continues to spread globally. In 2002, a ban of tobacco sales was adopted in the Saudi Arabian cites of Mecca and Medina.

Aims: This study aimed to examine prevalence of waterpipe and cigarette smoking among students of Taibah University, the biggest in Medina, where the tobacco sales ban has been implemented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26719/emhj.18.021DOI Listing

Joint attention skills in wild Arabian babblers ( Turdoides squamiceps): a consequence of cooperative breeding?

Proc Biol Sci 2019 Apr;286(1900):20190147

4 Institute of Cognitive Science, Comparative BioCognition , University of Osnabrück , Osnabruck , Germany.

Human cooperation strongly relies on the ability of interlocutors to coordinate each other's attentional state: joint attention. One predominant hypothesis postulates that this hallmark of the unique cognitive system of humans evolved due to the combination of an ape-like cognitive system and the prosocial motives that facilitate cooperative breeding. Here, we tested this hypothesis by investigating communicative interactions of a cooperatively breeding bird species, the Arabian babbler ( Turdoides squamiceps). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.0147DOI Listing

Evaluation of Root Canal Morphology of Maxillary First Premolars by Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Saudi Arabian Southern Region Subpopulation: An In Vitro Study.

Int J Dent 2019 27;2019:2063943. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Endodontic Division, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the root canal morphology of maxillary first premolars in Saudi Arabian subpopulation by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Methods: One hundred maxillary first premolars were collected from the College of Dentistry at Jazan University and different dental centers in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. These teeth were cleaned thoroughly and were mounted in a plastic artificial mandible jaw to mimic soft tissue which was then placed in a water container. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2063943DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415280PMC
February 2019

Effects of four extenders on the quality of frozen semen in Arabian stallions.

Vet World 2019 Jan 7;12(1):34-40. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Aim: Different types of extenders have a variety of components which show the tolerance effect on sperm protection during freezing procedures. In the present study, we have examined the impact of the extenders HF-20 and Tris, which were locally manufactured, and they are competing with commercial extenders INRA Freeze (IMV Technologies, France) and EquiPlus Freeze (Minitube, Germany) on the quality of horses frozen semen.

Materials And Methods: A total of 15 ejaculates from three healthy stallions were collected and cryopreserved in the same environment. Read More

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http://www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.12/January-2019/4.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2019.34-40DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431823PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Efficacy and safety profile of intravenous tocilizumab versus intravenous abatacept in treating female Saudi Arabian patients with active moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Rheumatology & Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, University Street, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab with those of abatacept in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis not responding to anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy.

Methods: A prospective, open-label study was carried out on adult females with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous tocilizumab or abatacept treatment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10067-019-04508-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-019-04508-2DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A downscaling-disaggregation approach for developing IDF curves in arid regions.

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Mar 26;191(4):245. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Civil and Architectural Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box: 33, Al-Khod, 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.

Over the past decades, urbanization in Arabian Gulf region expands in flood-prone areas at an unprecedented rate. Chronic water stress and potential changes in extreme rainfall attributed to climate change therefore pose unique challenges in planning and designing water management infrastructures. The objective of this study is to develop a framework to integrate climate change variations into intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves in Oman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7385-4DOI Listing

Process and mechanism of nitrogen loss in the ocean oxygen minimum zone.

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Mar;30(3):1047-1056

Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, China.

There is a big imbalance between the input and output of oceanic nitrogen in global ocean nitrogen cycles, because a part of the fixed nitrogen is reduced to N or NO and then lost from the ocean. Oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) is the most important area for nitrogen loss, which could lose fixed nitrogen up to 40 to 450 Tg·a through the denitrification and anammox. A summary of the two main roles of nitrogen loss in the different OMZ sea areas reveals that heterotrophic denitrification dominates in eastern tropical Pacific, Arabian Sea, and marine sediments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201903.038DOI Listing

Molecular detection of Leishmania spp. in dogs and a cat from Doha, Qatar.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Mar 26;12(1):125. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

CIISA, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon (ULisboa), Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Canine and feline leishmanioses are increasingly reported worldwide and represent a threat to both animal and human health. Despite their relevance, data about leishmanioses in companion animals in the east-central part of the Arabian Peninsula are unavailable. Therefore, we investigated the occurrence of Leishmania spp. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3394-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434820PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Nanotechnology in insulin delivery for management of diabetes.

Pharm Nanotechnol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Molecular Medicine, Princess Al-Jawhara Centre for Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Medical sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama. Bahrain.

Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by hyperglycemia and rising from the deficiency or the resistance to insulin, or both. Ultimately, the most effective treatment for patients with diabetes involves the subcutaneous injections of insulin. However, this route of administration is often painful and inconvenient as most patients will have to self-administer at least twice a day for the rest of their lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/2211738507666190321110721DOI Listing

Bacterial community structure and functional diversity in subsurface seawater from the western coastal ecosystem of the Arabian Sea, India.

Gene 2019 Mar 19;701:55-64. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Biotechnology and Phycology Division, CSIR - Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, G. B. Marg, Bhavnagar 364002, Gujarat, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR, Ghaziabad, India. Electronic address:

The present study revealed the spatial variability of bacteria in relation to physicochemical variations at four different locations (Diu - DIU, Veraval - VER, Porbandar - POR and Okha - OKH) along the Gujarat coast (Arabian Sea, India). The natural habitat was analyzed for temperature, salinity, pH, total dissolved solids, total organic content, total inorganic content, biological oxygen demand, conductivity and total dissolved oxygen. The lowest salinity and conductivity were observed at the VER site, whereas the highest salinity and conductivity were measured with OKH samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.02.099DOI Listing

Olfactory associative behavioral differences in three honey bee L. races under the arid zone ecosystem of central Saudi Arabia.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2019 Mar 6;26(3):563-568. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, USA.

is the indigenous race of honey bees in the Arabian Peninsula and is tolerant to local drought conditions. Experiments were undertaken to determine the differences in associative learning and memory of honey bee workers living in the arid zone of Saudi Arabia, utilizing the proboscis extension response (PER). These experiments were conducted on the indigenous race (. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.08.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408714PMC
March 2019
0.741 Impact Factor

Prevalence of BRCA mutations among hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer patients in Arab countries: systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2019 Mar 21;19(1):256. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Qatar University, PO Box 2713, Doha, Qatar.

Background: To systematically assess the prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations in women with Hereditary Breast and/or Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) in Arab countries and to describe the variability in the BRCA gene mutations in different regions of the Arab world.

Methods: Observational studies reporting prevalence of BRCA mutations from 22 Arab countries were systematically searched in databases including PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Two reviewers independently screened the studies and extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5463-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429759PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

HLA class I allele lineages and haplotype frequencies in Arabs of the United Arab Emirates.

Int J Immunogenet 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

The high degree of polymorphism of the HLA system provides suitable genetic markers to study the diversity and migration of different world populations and is beneficial for forensic identification, anthropology, transplantation and disease associations. Although the United Arab Emirates (UAE) population of about nine million people is heterogeneous, information is limited for the HLA class I allele and haplotype frequencies of the Bedouin ethnic group. We performed low-resolution PCR-SSP genotyping of three HLA class I loci at HLA-A, -B and -C for 95 unrelated healthy Bedouins from the cities of Al Ain and Abu Dhabi in the UAE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iji.12418DOI Listing

Attitudes of Doctors and Nurses toward Patient Safety within Emergency Departments of a Saudi Arabian Hospital: A Qualitative Study.

Healthcare (Basel) 2019 Mar 18;7(1). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

The Medical School, College of Health and Medicine, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 2601, Australia.

The attitudes of doctors and nurses toward patient safety representa significant contributing factor to hospital safety climates and medical error rates. Yet, there are very few studies of patient safety attitudes in Saudi hospitals and none conducted in hospital emergency departments. : The current study aims to investigate and compare the patient safety attitudes of doctors and nurses in a Saudi hospital emergency department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010044DOI Listing

Analyses of Neanderthal introgression suggest that Levantine and southern Arabian populations have a shared population history.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Objectives: Modern humans are thought to have interbred with Neanderthals in the Near East soon after modern humans dispersed out of Africa. This introgression event likely took place in either the Levant or southern Arabia depending on the dispersal route out of Africa that was followed. In this study, we compare Neanderthal introgression in contemporary Levantine and southern Arabian populations to investigate Neanderthal introgression and to study Near Eastern population history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23818DOI Listing

Study of Primordial 226Ra, 228Ra, and 40K Concentrations in Dietary Palm Dates and Concomitant Radiological Risk.

Health Phys 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Centre for Biomedical Physics, School of Healthcare and Medical Sciences, Sunway University, Selangor, Malaysia.

The presence of natural radionuclides in the food chain point to a need to assess concentration levels and concomitant radiological risk. Highly popular and forming a staple part of the diet in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and West Asia, palm dates growing naturally there have even greater marketability than simple satisfaction of domestic demand, the palm dates representing a valuable export item. Accurate knowledge of the levels of natural radioactivity in the fruit is thus of importance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0000000000001042DOI Listing

Do pharmacists counsel customers about the effects of sedating antihistamines on driving skills? A survey of community pharmacies in Saudi Arabia.

Authors:
Hani Mj Khojah

J Int Med Res 2019 Mar 19:300060519838953. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To investigate the level of counselling regarding the effects of sedating antihistamines on driving skills provided by private community pharmacies in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This study randomly selected private community pharmacies. Mystery shoppers following a similar scenario individually visited these pharmacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060519838953DOI Listing

Noninvasive ventilation in critically ill patients with the Middle East respiratory syndrome.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Intensive Care Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been used in patients with the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, but the effectiveness of this approach has not been studied.

Methods: Patients with MERS from 14 Saudi Arabian centers were included in this analysis. Patients who were initially managed with NIV were compared to patients who were managed only with invasive mechanical ventilation (invasive MV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/irv.12635DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
2.201 Impact Factor

The relationship of shammah (Arabian snuff) chewing to the risk of oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders.

J Oral Pathol Med 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK.

Introduction: Shammah is a form of smokeless tobacco commonly used in the Arabian Peninsula. The data on the harmful effects of shammah on oral health, particularly oral malignancies, are scarce. The aim of this review was to explore the association between shammah use and development of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) and/or oral cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.12850DOI Listing

Predictors of Oral Function and Facial Aesthetics Post Maxillofacial Reconstruction with Free Fibula Flap.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Nov 15;6(11):e1787. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Departments of Plastic and Oromaxillofacial Surgery, King Fahd Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: For maxillofacial reconstruction, free flaps have largely replaced pedicled flaps. In a Saudi Arabian sample, we (1) assessed patients' postoperative oral function and facial aesthetics (OFFA), specifically pertaining to diet, speech intelligibility, oral opening, maxilla-mandibular occlusion, and facial aesthetics (all rated 0-2) following fibular free flap surgery; and (2) identified preoperative predictors of a novel 10-point OFFA rating scale combining these 5 parameters.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of all patients who underwent free fibula flap surgery for nontraumatic maxillofacial reconstruction from 2010 to 2017 and were followed postoperatively for at least 6 months or until death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000001787DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414127PMC
November 2018

Accelerated burial of petroleum hydrocarbons in Arabian Gulf blue carbon repositories.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jun 6;669:205-212. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Red Sea Research Centre, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia.

Massive consumption of petroleum since the past century has led to considerable emissions into marine ecosystems. Marine sediments may accumulate substantial quantities of petroleum and associated contaminants in oil-producing areas. Here, we report accelerated accumulation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in 'blue carbon' vegetated ecosystems of the Arabian Gulf - the world's most important region for oil production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.437DOI Listing

Isolation and Identification of Cellulolytic Bacteria from Gastrointestinal Tract of Arabian Horse and Investigation of Their Effect on the Nutritional Value of Wheat Straw.

J Appl Microbiol 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Animal Sciences, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, P.O. Box 48181-68984, Sari, Iran.

Aims: This study was conducted to isolate and identify the cellulolytic bacteria from gastrointestinal tract of Arabian horse and investigate their effect on the nutritional value of wheat straw.

Methods And Results: Fresh feces were collected from four Arabian horses. The cellulose-hydrolytic bacteria were isolated by using medium amended with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.14251DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
2.479 Impact Factor

Comparison of efficacy of remifentanil, sufentanil and alfentanil with fentanyl when combined with propofol for general anesthesia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Curr Clin Pharmacol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Oral Health, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Suva. Fiji.

Background: Opioid analgesics are commonly used along with propofol during general anesthesia. Due to dearth of data on the quality of anesthesia achieved with the this combination, the present meta-analysis was carried out.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched for appropriate studies using suitable search strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1567201816666190313160438DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Episiotomy in modern clinical practice: friend or foe?

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain.

The Cochrane library first published a meta-analysis in 2000 on the role of the episiotomy in modern clinical practice, which concluded that only a policy of selective episiotomy is acceptable with evidence-based improvement in maternal health compared with routine episiotomy. Many years later, however, the new version of the Cochrane meta-analysis changed the previous recommendations in that the selective use of episiotomy could not be considered beneficial in all cases. A selective policy is associated with a statistically significant reduction in severe perineal and/or vaginal trauma, whereas routine episiotomy seems to protect against these complications only after instrumental deliveries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03912-1DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

LC‑MS/MS proteomic analysis revealed novel associations of 37 proteins with T2DM and notable upregulation of immunoglobulins.

Int J Mol Med 2019 May 8;43(5):2118-2132. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Manama 26671, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease associated with a number of metabolic disturbances, including protein metabolism. In the present study, blood samples were obtained from Bahraini subjects, including 6 patients with T2DM and 6 age‑ and sex‑matched, non‑diabetic, healthy controls. Depleted and non‑depleted sera were prepared from the collected blood, and the global protein expression changes were evaluated by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2019.4127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443330PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Genomic Insights of Halophilic SAMP MCC 3013 and Detail Investigation of Its Biosurfactant Production.

Front Microbiol 2019 26;10:235. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Microbiology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India.

Moderate halophilic bacteria thrive in saline conditions and produce biosurfactant (BS) which facilitates the oil scavenging activity in the oil polluted surroundings. Production of such unusual bioactive molecules plays a vital role for their survival in an extreme and adverse environment. Current research deals with isolation of strain SAMP MCC 3013 from Indian Arabian coastline sea water for BS production. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399143PMC
February 2019
5 Reads
3.941 Impact Factor

Effects of Memantine in a Mouse Model of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Mar 6;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Physiology Department, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, P.O. Box 26671, Manama 1111, Bahrain.

Persistent impairment in cognitive functioning postoperatively is reported by clinical and animal studies, and is labeled as postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Evidence points to an exaggerated neuroinflammatory response resulting from peripheral systemic inflammation after surgery, with subsequent cytokine-induced glutamatergic excitotoxicity and synaptic impairment. These immunological changes, among many others, are also observed in Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9030024DOI Listing
March 2019
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Three-dimensional palatal anatomic characteristics' correlation with dermatoglyphic heterogeneity in Angle malocclusions.

Angle Orthod 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Objectives:: To assess correlation of dermatoglyphic (DG) pattern with quantitative palatal anatomic parameters measured using three-dimensional (3D) scanning of dental casts and to explore the possibility of utilizing these to predict future occurrence of malocclusion.

Materials And Methods:: Pretreatment casts of 477 Saudi Arabian patients were divided into Class I, II, and III malocclusion groups. Fingerprints were recorded for all hand digits using a digital biometric device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2319/091718-675.1DOI Listing
March 2019
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Next-generation sequencing identifies a homozygous mutation in ACADVL associated with pediatric familial dilated cardiomyopathy.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 02;23(4):1710-1721

Pediatrics Department, Cardiogenetics Unit, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Pediatric familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a rare and severe heart disease. The genetics of familial DCM are complex and include over 100 known disease-causing genes, but many causative genes are unknown. We aimed to identify the causative gene for DCM in a consanguineous Saudi Arabian family with affected family members and a history of sudden death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201902_17133DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Characterization and DNA methylation modulatory activity of gold nanoparticles synthesized by strain.

J Biosci 2019 Mar;44(1)

Molecular Biology Research Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Studies, Department of Zoology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, India.

Marine extremophiles are shown to tolerate extreme environmental conditions and have high metal reducing properties. Here, we report intracellular synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNP) by marine extremophilic bacteria Pseudoalteromonas sp. Bac178 which was isolated from the OMZ of Arabian Sea. Read More

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March 2019
5 Reads

Impact of dust storm on phytoplankton bloom over the Arabian Sea: a case study during March 2012.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Marine Geosciences, University of Haifa, 3498838, Haifa, Israel.

Dust storms affect the primary productivity of the ocean by providing necessary micronutrients to the surface layer. One such dust storm during March 2012 led to a substantial reduction in visibility and enhancement in aerosol optical depth (AOD) up to ~ 0.8 (AOD increased from 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04602-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Orygmatobothrium persiense n. sp. (Cestoda: Phyllobothriidea) from the Arabian Smooth-Hound Shark Mustelus mosis (Triakidae) in the Persian Gulf.

Acta Parasitol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

A new species of Orygmatobothrium Diesing, 1863 was discovered from Mustelus mosis Hemprich et Ehrenberg in the north-eastern Persian Gulf. Orygmatobothrium persiense n. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-019-00035-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Pain Intensity and Fear Avoidance Explain Disability Related to Chronic Low Back Pain in a Saudi Arabian Population.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Australia.

MINI: This study examined individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population with CLBP and their association with CLBP-related disability. Participants demonstrated moderate disability, high BMI and low physical activity. Moderate-severe distress was evident in 26-39%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003002DOI Listing
February 2019