157 results match your criteria Applied psychology. Health and well-being[Journal]


It's About Time: Answering the Call for Greater Precision in Research and Practice.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of Minnesota, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12158DOI Listing

It's Time to Think about Time in Health Psychology.

Authors:
Urte Scholz

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of Zurich, Switzerland.

This position paper addresses the need for stronger theorizing on temporal matters in health psychology. Too few theories in health psychology address temporal matters in the specified psychological phenomena, their relationships, and the explanation for these relationships. This might lead to underestimating existing relationships between constructs over time or missing out on opportunities for advancing our knowledge with regard to dynamic developments of the phenomena of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12156DOI Listing

Time in Health Psychology.

Authors:
Benjamin Schüz

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Institute of Public Health and Nursing Research, University of Bremen, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12157DOI Listing

Development and Validation of a Tool to Assess Military Veterans' Status, Functioning, and Satisfaction with Key Aspects of their Lives.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc. (HJF), USA.

Background: We developed and validated the Well-Being Inventory (WBI) to address the need for a tool that can provide a comprehensive assessment of key aspects of military veterans' lives. This multidimensional instrument assesses status, functioning, and satisfaction with regard to vocation, finances, health, and social relationships.

Methods: Two large multi-phase studies (Study 1 Ns = 301, 286; Study 2 Ns = 9,566, 7,342) were conducted to develop and validate this tool among military veterans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12161DOI Listing

Dealing with Too Little: The Direct Experience of Scarcity does not Affect Snack Intake.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands.

Background: The experience of scarcity provides an explanation for the relatively unhealthy diets of people with low income. Causal evidence for an effect of direct experiences of scarcity on eating behaviour is lacking.

Methods: Two studies (N = 81, N = 115) tested and refined a self-developed trade-off task, in which participants' resources were restricted (scarcity condition) or unrestricted (no-scarcity condition), for manipulating experiences of scarcity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12163DOI Listing

Living for Today or Tomorrow? Self-Regulation amidst Proximal or Distal Exercise Outcomes.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada.

Background: Although health promotion efforts to increase exercise behavior often emphasise long-term outcomes, sustained action in service of a distal reward is challenging. These studies examined how focusing on the proximal benefits of exercise, compared to distal outcomes or more general outcomes, may strengthen individuals' self-regulatory self-efficacy and support physical activity or exercise behavior.

Methods: Participants in Study 1 (N = 1057 community members) completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12160DOI Listing

Socioeconomic Status and the Prediction of Health Promoting Dietary Behaviours: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Background: Dietary behaviours are strongly patterned by socioeconomic status (SES). However, the role of SES in the self-regulation of health promoting dietary behaviours is not fully understood. This systematic review with meta-analysis investigated whether four individual-level measures of SES (income, occupation, education, and ethnicity) moderate the relationships between Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) variables and different health promoting dietary behaviours in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12154DOI Listing

Application of the Multi-Process Action Control Framework to Understand Parental Support of Child and Youth Physical Activity, Sleep, and Screen Time Behaviours.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Alberta, Canada.

Background: The purpose of this paper was to apply a framework designed to evaluate the intention-behaviour gap, known as multi-process action control (M-PAC), to understand parental support for the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth.

Method: Parents (N = 1,208) of children 5-17 years of age, completed measures of reflective (attitudes, perceived control), regulatory (planning), and reflexive (identity, habit) processes as well as intention and support behaviours.

Results: Parents had significantly (p < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12150DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The Association of Psychological Well-Being with Disablement Processes in a National Sample.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Purdue University, USA.

Objective: Objectives were to explore subgroups of individuals with differential disability trajectories and evaluate the protective effects of psychological well-being (i.e. hedonic and eudaimonic) in the presence of multiple disease conditions (or multimorbidity) and sociodemographic disadvantages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12152DOI Listing
February 2019

When Gratitude Evokes Indebtedness.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Yonsei University, Korea.

Background: Research in the US found that gratitude increases happiness. We conducted three studies to examine whether gratitude increases happiness among Koreans, as well.

Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to a gratitude or a control condition in Studies 1 and 2, and into a gratitude toward someone important or a gratitude toward own health condition in Study 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12155DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Trait Self-Control, Social Cognition Constructs, and Intentions: Correlational Evidence for Mediation and Moderation Effects in Diverse Health Behaviours.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Curtin University, Australia.

Background: We examined effects of trait self-control, constructs from social cognition theories, and intentions on health behaviours. Trait self-control was expected to predict health behaviour indirectly through theory constructs and intentions. Trait self-control was also predicted to moderate the intention-behaviour relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12153DOI Listing
February 2019

An Experimental Test of the Effects of a Target Person's Body Weight and Engagement with Health Behaviours on Perceptions of Overall Health.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

UNSW Sydney, Australia.

Background: Public health campaigns commonly emphasise the association between excess weight and poor health. The present study aimed to examine the effect of information about weight and engagement with health behaviours on judgements of a person's health.

Method: In two experimental studies, participants were asked to evaluate a target person's health and to make recommendations about that person's health-related behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12151DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

The Role of Affect on Physical Health Over Time: A Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis Over 20 Years.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Purdue University, USA.

Background: While previous studies have investigated the interplay between affect and health (1) over an extended period of time, (2) in a representative population, and (3) while modelling positive and negative affect simultaneously, no single study has done all three at once.

Methods: The present study accomplishes this by sampling adults from the Midlife Development in the US study who completed affect (Mroczek & Kolarz, 1998) and health measures (chronic conditions, Charlson, Szatrowski, Peterson, & Gold, 1994; functional limitations, McHorney, Ware, Lu, & Sherbourne, 1994; self-reported health) measured three times over 20 years. We ran three (one per health metric) random-intercept cross-lagged panel models, where positive and negative affect were modelled simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12149DOI Listing
November 2018

Consistency and Balancing in Everyday Health Behaviour: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Approach.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 13;11(1):148-169. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

University of Cologne, Germany.

Background: Little is known about the sequential interplay of different health behaviours. Health behaviours may be connected in four different ways: a healthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent healthy or unhealthy behaviour (positive consistency and licensing, respectively), or an unhealthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent unhealthy or healthy behaviour (negative consistency and cleansing, respectively). In this study, these four possible types of sequential health behaviours were examined jointly in people's daily life. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12148DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Physicians' Interactions with Peers: Empathic Accuracy during Shift Handovers on Intensive-Care Units.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 25;11(1):102-125. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Max-Planck-Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany.

Background: We investigated how accurately physicians judge colleagues' states during shift handovers on intensive-care units, the role of physician characteristics, and how accuracy is related to handover partners' satisfaction.

Methods: Using mobile phones, we assessed momentary judgements during N = 272 shift handovers by 36 physicians of five Swiss clinics. Physicians rated their own and their partner's affective states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12146DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stress, Depressive Symptoms, and Maternal Self-Efficacy in First-Time Mothers: Modelling and Predicting Change across the First Six Months of Motherhood.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 21;11(1):126-147. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

The University of Western Australia, Australia.

Background: First-time mothers commonly experience stress and depressive symptoms in the postpartum period. Maternal self-efficacy has been shown to be an important protective factor against these experiences; however, research on the dynamic nature of stress, depressive symptoms, and maternal self-efficacy is limited. The aim of this study was to document changes in these psychological factors among first-time mothers, and determine how early maternal self-efficacy perceptions may predict change in stress and depressive symptoms over the first 6 months postpartum. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12147
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12147DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Influence of Metacognitive Beliefs on Sleeping Difficulties in Older Adults.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 18;11(1):20-41. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

University of Padova, Italy.

Background: Sleep has a crucial role in physical and mental health across the lifespan. In addition to an excessive intrusive sleep-related cognitive activity, another factor that may influence sleep quality in old age is sleep-related metacognitive activity, such as metacognitive beliefs about sleeping difficulties, and night-time thought control strategies. Here, we aimed to assess the relationship between sleep-related metacognitive beliefs, thought control strategies, excessive intrusive cognitive activities, such as dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, or objective and/or perceived sleep disruptions in elderly people. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12140
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12140DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Impact of Autonomy-Framed and Control-Framed Implementation Intentions on Snacking Behaviour: The Moderating Effect of Eating Self-Efficacy.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 9;11(1):42-58. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

University of Sussex, UK.

Background: Autonomy-supportive implementation intention exercises have been shown to facilitate goal-directed behaviour (Koestner et al., ). The current study explored whether eating self-efficacy moderated the impact of autonomy-framed versus control-framed implementation intentions to reduce high-calorie snack intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12142DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Facing Multiple Barriers to Exercise: Does Stronger Efficacy Help Individuals with Arthritis?

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 5;11(1):59-79. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Background: Research about exercise adherence amongst adults with arthritis has been largely correlational, and theoretically based causal studies are needed. We used an experimental design to test the social cognitive theory premise that high self-efficacy helps to overcome challenging barriers to action.

Methods: Exercising individuals (N = 86; female = 78%; M age = 53; BMI = 27) with differential self-regulatory efficacy for managing salient, non-disease barriers were randomly assigned to many or few barrier conditions. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12144
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12144DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Gender-Specific Body Areas Satisfaction and Body Weight Status in Adolescents: Mediating Effects of Physical Activity, Fruit and Vegetable Intake, and Energy-Dense Food Intake.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 5;11(1):80-101. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: Body satisfaction is one of the key modifiable cognitive determinants of eating behaviours, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI). As the sociocultural models suggest, low body satisfaction may explain unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours. Importantly, body satisfaction levels and body areas that individuals focus on vary across genders. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12145
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12145DOI Listing
March 2019
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Loneliness and Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents Affected by Parental HIV: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 Mar 9;11(1):3-19. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Henan University, China.

Background: Sociometer theory posits that self-esteem is a subjective monitor of the quality of one's interpersonal relationships. When people feel excluded by others, they may have negative relational evaluation about themselves-low self-esteem. In the present study, we hypothesised and tested that feelings of loneliness among children and adolescents affected by parental HIV would decrease their self-esteem over time; moreover, low self-esteem would intensify feelings of loneliness. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12139
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12139DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

Promoting Youth Mental Health via Text-Messages: A New Zealand Feasibility Study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 19;10(3):457-480. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: A growing body of research has documented the positive effects of gratitude programs on participants' mental health and well-being. For children and adolescents, these programs typically rely on school-based group designs tied with a health curriculum, whereas innovative technology-based programs are relatively understudied.

Methods: This experiment investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a gratitude text-messaging program for promoting adolescent mental health relative to a positive reflective control condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12143DOI Listing
November 2018

Clustering of Lifestyle Risk Factors in Acute Coronary Syndrome: Prevalence and Change after the First Event.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 19;10(3):434-456. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

University of Milano - Bicocca, Italy.

Background: Healthy lifestyles are modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) onset and recurrence. While unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together within the general healthy population, little is known about the prevalence and clustering of these behaviours in people with ACS before and after the first acute event. The aim of this study was to identify lifestyle profiles of patients with ACS and to explore their change after their first coronary event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12141DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Self-Control, Plan Quality, and Digital Delivery of Action Planning for Condom and Contraceptive Pill Use of 14-24-Year-Olds: Findings from a Clinic-Based Online Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 9;10(3):391-413. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership Trust, Coventry, UK.

Background: Inconsistent use of the contraceptive pill and condoms contributes significantly to poor sexual health outcomes for young people. There is evidence that action planning interventions may improve pill and condom use, but this approach is not systematically used in sexual healthcare. This study is the first to assess acceptability and feasibility of evaluating a digital intervention to support action plan formation for three sexual health behaviours with clinic attendees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12138DOI Listing
November 2018

A Mindfulness-Based Intervention: Differential Effects on Affective and Processual Evolution.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 6;10(3):368-390. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Immanence SAS, Manosque, France.

Objectives: A 20-minutes-a-day, self-help, mindfulness-based intervention was conducted for 6 weeks with a French community sample. First, the intervention effects on affective and functioning variables were evaluated. Then, a differential approach was used to examine improvement potentiality and the perceived benefits of mindfulness according to the participants' baseline mindfulness competencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12137DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Physical Activity, Well-Being, and the Basic Psychological Needs: Adopting the SDT Model of Eudaimonia in a Post-Cardiac Rehabilitation Sample.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 20;10(3):347-367. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

McGill University, Canada.

Background: The theoretical conceptualisation of hedonic (HWB; pleasure) and eudaimonic (EWB; meaning) well-being has rarely been examined among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) graduates, including its relationship with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). First, this study examined the potential bidirectional relationship between MVPA and HWB/EWB. Second, this study tested the self-determination theory (SDT) model of eudaimonia where MVPA was set to predict the model's pathway between eudaimonic motives (seeking meaning), the basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and both types of well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12136DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Clarifying the Associations between Mindfulness Meditation and Emotion: Daily High- and Low-arousal Emotions and Emotional Variability.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 10;10(3):504-523. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Western Washington University, USA.

Background: Research examining the effects of mindfulness meditation (MM) on emotion seldom considers differences by arousal level or emotion variability.

Methods: In the present study, 115 participants (64% Female, 72% White, M = 19.03) were randomly assigned to a brief MM intervention condition (n = 60) or a wait-list control condition (n = 51). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12135DOI Listing
November 2018

The Value of Being Discrete: The Differential and Causal Effects of Positive Affect and Discrete Positive Emotions on Organ Donor Registration Outcomes.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 10;10(3):481-503. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Claremont Graduate University, USA.

Background: The current studies examined how positive affect (i.e. the blend of several positive feelings over time) and discrete positive emotions (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12134DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

The Brief Intervention Effect of Metaphorical Cognitive Restructuring on Alleviating Mental Distress: A Randomised Controlled Experiment.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 Nov 10;10(3):414-433. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.

Background: Metaphors may provide clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas, and their use in cognitive restructuring can help maximise the effect of therapy information. This study aimed to determine whether metaphorical cognitive restructuring would produce a greater intervention effect in targeted mood and cognition than non-metaphorical restructuring.

Methods: Eighty-eight participants chose 25 problems of interest and wrote a self-report distress problem and were then randomly divided into a metaphorical restructuring group (N = 29), a literal restructuring group (N = 30), or a no restructuring problem restating group (N = 29). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12133DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Experiences of Reframing during Self-Directed Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance: Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 1;10(2):309-329. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

University of Oxford, UK.

Background: Reframing means changing the way that a person thinks or feels about a weight loss attempt or weight loss maintenance to enhance its experience or facilitate its success. Although participants have described this, it has not been explored in the academic literature. Here, we set out to systematically review qualitative studies to examine the ways in which people use and experience reframing in self-directed weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055795PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Why and for Whom May Coping Planning Have Adverse Effects? A Moderated Mediation Analysis.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 9;10(2):272-289. Epub 2018 May 9.

University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Coping planning, the formation of plans to overcome behavioral barriers is assumed to promote health behavior maintenance, but the literature on this is inconsistent. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms of a coping planning intervention that adversely affected maintained safe water consumption. We also explored perceived behavioral difficulty as a potential moderator of coping planning interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12130DOI Listing

Long-Term Health Implications of Students' Friendship Formation during the Transition to University.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 9;10(2):290-308. Epub 2018 May 9.

University of British Columbia, Canada.

Background: The transition to university is a major life change wherein young adults' primary support system shifts from the family to peers. Can change in social integration (operationalised as number of friends) during the first term at university contribute to students' health years later, and if so, how?

Methods: The friendship formation of 67 students at a large Canadian university was assessed during their first term. These data were used to predict self-reported health and health behaviors (physical exercise, diet, tobacco, alcohol and marijuana consumption) at a follow-up assessment that occurred near the end of their time at university (2 or 3 years later). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12131DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Stopping the Train of Thought: A Pilot Study Using an Ecological Momentary Intervention with Twice-Daily Exposure to Natural versus Urban Scenes to Lower Stress and Rumination.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 3;10(2):236-253. Epub 2018 May 3.

Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Background: Stress, and specifically perseverative cognition, is considered to have considerable detrimental effects on mental and physical health. Interventions that can offer temporary stress relief could, therefore, bring considerable health benefits. Previous research has pointed to stress-reducing effects of exposure to nature after acute stressors, but has not yet investigated effects in the realm of everyday life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12128DOI Listing

Mechanisms of Change in the Relationship between Self-Compassion, Emotion Regulation, and Mental Health: A Systematic Review.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 19;10(2):215-235. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Australian Catholic University, Australia.

Background: Research suggests that self-compassion may improve mental health by promoting emotion regulation (Berking & Whitley, ). This review aimed to identify studies which investigated the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health in order to examine the role of emotional regulation as a mechanism of change.

Methods: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline complete, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12127DOI Listing

Is Perceived Growth Associated with Momentary Indicators of Health and Well-Being in People with Asthma or Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 19;10(2):254-271. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

The Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Background: Perceived growth (PG) refers to perceptions of positive changes that unfold over time after experiencing trauma. Higher PG is often associated with positive long-term health, but the processes through which PG may influence health are unclear. The present study examines two potential pathways among individuals living with asthma or RA: (1) by promoting momentary indicators of health and well-being in everyday life, and (2) by buffering against stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12129DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Comparing Types of Financial Incentives to Promote Walking: An Experimental Test.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 19;10(2):193-214. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

University of Minnesota, USA.

Background: Offering people financial incentives to increase their physical activity is an increasingly prevalent intervention strategy. However, little is known about the relative effectiveness of different types of incentives. This study tested whether incentives based on specified reinforcement types and schedules differentially affected the likelihood of meeting a walking goal and explored if observed behavioural changes may have been attributable to the perceived value of the incentive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12126DOI Listing

Greater University Identification-But not Greater Contact-Leads to More Life Satisfaction: Evidence from a Spanish Longitudinal Study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 07 6;10(2):330-344. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

University of Valencia, Spain.

Background: A growing body of literature has highlighted the relationship between group identification (a subjective sense of belonging to one's social group, coupled with a subjective sense of commonality with the group's members) and well-being. However, little of this work is longitudinal, and few studies address reciprocal causality or control for intensity of contact with fellow group members.

Method: We investigated the effect of university identification on satisfaction with life (SWL) over time (and vice versa) in 216 Spanish undergraduates, with seven months between T1 and T2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12125DOI Listing

The Africa Yoga Project and Well-Being: A Concept Map of Students' Perceptions.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03;10(1):149-170

State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.

Background: Concept mapping methodology was used to explore the perceived impact of practicing yoga with the Africa Yoga Project (AYP)-an organisation created to increase health and well-being by providing community-based yoga classes throughout Kenya. AYP's mission fit with theoretical models of well-being is discussed. Anecdotal evidence and initial qualitative research suggested the AYP meaningfully impacted adult students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12124DOI Listing

Measuring Thriving across Nations: Examining the Measurement Equivalence of the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving (CIT) and the Brief Inventory of Thriving (BIT).

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03;10(1):127-148

University of Virginia and University of Utah, USA and The Gallup Organization.

Background: Positive psychological health is a multifaceted construct and fundamental to individuals' overall mental health. Yet, measures of positive psychological health tend to focus on only a few of these facets. Su, Tay, and Diener () sought to address this by creating the Comprehensive and Brief Inventories of Thriving (CIT/BIT), integrative measures of well-being that assess positive psychological health broadly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12119DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Positive Emotion Infusions: Can Savoring Increase Help-Seeking Intentions among People with Depression?

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 25;10(1):171-190. Epub 2018 Feb 25.

Claremont Graduate University, USA.

Background: The current research effort used two experimental studies to assess whether a savoring-based, positive emotion infusion (PEI) could increase help-seeking intentions among individuals with elevated depressive symptomatology and whether this relationship would be mediated by positive emotion, arousal, and perceptions of personal control.

Methods: In Study 1, participants with elevated depressive symptomatology, recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 135), were randomly assigned to complete a 6-minute savoring or control writing task followed by a help-seeking intentions scale. Study 2 participants (N = 136) were randomly assigned to the same tasks, but a scale assessing positive emotion, arousal, and personal control was added. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12122DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

Internet Searches for Affect-Related Terms: An Indicator of Subjective Well-Being and Predictor of Health Outcomes across US States and Metro Areas.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 18;10(1):3-29. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

University of Illinois, USA.

Background: The present study explored the potential for internet search data to serve as indicators of subjective well-being (SWB) and predictors of health at the state and metro area levels. We propose that searches for positive and negative affect-related terms represent information-seeking behavior of individuals who are experiencing emotions and seeking information about them.

Method: Data on the frequency of Google searches for 15 affect terms were collected from Google's Trends website (trends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12123DOI Listing
March 2018
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Group-Based Diet and Physical Activity Weight-Loss Interventions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 15;10(1):62-86. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

University of Exeter, UK.

Background: Many weight-loss interventions are delivered in groups but evidence on their effectiveness, and characteristics associated with effectiveness, is limited. We synthesised evidence on (1) design and delivery of group-based weight-loss interventions; (2) effectiveness; and (3) associations between intervention characteristics, change techniques, and effectiveness.

Methods: Five online databases were searched to May 2017 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of group-based diet and/or physical activity interventions for overweight/obese adults (BMI ≥ 25). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12121DOI Listing

How do Small Groups Promote Behaviour Change? An Integrative Conceptual Review of Explanatory Mechanisms.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 15;10(1):30-61. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

University of Exeter, UK.

Background: Small groups are used to promote health, well-being, and personal change by altering members' perceptions, beliefs, expectations, and behaviour patterns. An extensive cross-disciplinary literature has articulated and tested theories explaining how such groups develop, function, and facilitate change. Yet these theoretical understandings are rarely applied in the development, description, and evaluation of health-promotion, group-based, behaviour-change interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12120DOI Listing

Perceiving Cardiac Rehabilitation Staff as Mainly Responsible for Exercise: A Dilemma for Future Self-Management.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 19;10(1):108-126. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Background: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise therapy facilitates patient recovery and better health following a cardiovascular event. However, post-CR adherence to self-managed (SM)-exercise is suboptimal. Part of this problem may be participants' view of CR staff as mainly responsible for help and program structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12106DOI Listing
March 2018
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Standing Up for Student Health: An Application of the Health Action Process Approach for Reducing Student Sedentary Behavior-Randomised Control Pilot Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2018 03 5;10(1):87-107. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

The University of Western Ontario, Canada.

Background: Sedentary behavior (SB) has been associated with chronic diseases. University students are a high-risk population for excessive SB. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if a Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) based intervention, specifically action and coping planning, would increase student break frequency and decrease duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12105DOI Listing
March 2018
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Socioeconomic Context as a Moderator in the Relationship between Body Mass Index and Depression in Europe.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2017 Nov;9(3):410-428

Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain.

Background: Obesity and depression are two major health issues in contemporary societies. This study aims to address two fundamental questions: (1) what is the impact of macro-level adverse socioeconomic circumstances on depression? and (2) how do macro-level variations in the socioeconomic context affect the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and depression?

Methods: Data from the 7th round of the European Social Survey were used, collected from a sample size of 37,623 participants and aggregated around a total of 20 countries. A random intercept multilevel model was constructed to study the variations in the relationship between depression and BMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12104DOI Listing
November 2017

Clinical and Subclinical Distress, Quality of Life, and Psychological Well-Being after Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2017 Nov;9(3):349-369

University of Bologna, Italy.

Background: The literature has outlined positive effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on clinical psychological distress (DSM depression and anxiety) and quality of life (QoL). In cardiac settings, subclinical distress (subthreshold depressive and anxious symptomatology) and psychological well-being also showed relevant clinical implications. This research explored these psychological variables, their changes over time and cardiac course of CR patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12098DOI Listing
November 2017
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The Dynamic Nature of Self-Assessed Health (SAH) as a Function of Negative and Positive Affects among Cardiac Patients.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2017 Nov;9(3):370-386

Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Background: Self-assessed health (SAH) predicts health outcomes above and beyond medical variables. One of the explanations for this robust finding is the sensitivity of SAH to changes in multiple aspects of health, including emotional factors. We assessed the dynamic nature of SAH by longitudinally examining the associations between initial and change levels of SAH and positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12099DOI Listing
November 2017

Third-Person Self-Talk Reduces Ebola Worry and Risk Perception by Enhancing Rational Thinking.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2017 Nov;9(3):387-409

University of California, Berkeley, USA.

Background: During the fall of 2014, the threat of an Ebola outbreak gripped the United States (Poll, 8-12 October 2014; see Harvard School of Public Health & SSRS, 2014), creating a unique opportunity to advance basic knowledge concerning how emotion regulation works in consequential contexts and translate existing research in this area to inform public health and policy.

Method: We addressed these issues by examining whether third-person self-talk, a simple technique that promotes emotion regulation, could nudge people into reasoning about Ebola more rationally. In all, 1,257 people from across the United States were asked to write about their feelings about Ebola using their name or I (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12103DOI Listing
November 2017
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Health Behavior Change in Older Adults: Testing the Health Action Process Approach at the Inter- and Intraindividual Level.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2017 Nov 12;9(3):324-348. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

University of Zurich, Switzerland University Research Priority Program "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", University of Zurich, Switzerland Center of Competence Multimorbidity University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Health behavior change theories usually claim to be universally and individually applicable. Most research has tested behavior change theories at the interindividual level and within young-to-middle-aged populations. However, associations at the interindividual level can differ substantially from associations at the intraindividual level. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/aphw.12094
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12094DOI Listing
November 2017
10 Reads