353 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Child[Journal]


Neural and psychophysiological correlates of social communication development: Evidence from sensory processing, motor, cognitive, language and emotional behavioral milestones across infancy.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 23:1-20. Epub 2020 May 23.

Psychological Neuroscience Laboratory, Research in Psychology Centre (CIPsi), School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

This article presents a literature review focusing on the neural and psychophysiological correlates associated with social communication development in infancy. Studies presenting evidence on infants' brain activity and developments in infant sensory processing, motor, cognitive, language, and emotional abilities are described in regard to the neuropsychophysiological processes underlying the emergence of these specific behavioral milestones and their associations with social communication development. Studies that consider specific age-related characteristics across the infancy period are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1768392DOI Listing

Neuropsychological screening with TOWI: Performance in 6- to 12-year-old children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 19:1-10. Epub 2020 May 19.

Areté Proyectos y Administración, Mexico City, Mexico.

Videogames represent an exciting development in neuropsychological assessment of cognitive function. Here, we used TOWI, a series of games based on standardized tests, to evaluate the cognitive performance of a large sample of school-age children. We compared the metrics produced by TOWI with the performance metrics reported for the standardized tests that inspired each of these tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1764357DOI Listing

Novel linguistic evaluation of prefrontal synthesis (LEPS) test measures prefrontal synthesis acquisition in neurotypical children and predicts high-functioning versus low-functioning class assignment in individuals with autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 18:1-16. Epub 2020 May 18.

Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

In order to grasp the difference between "the cat on the mat" and "the mat on the cat," understanding the words and the grammar is not enough. Rather it is essential to visualize the cat and the mat together to appreciate their relations. This type of imagination, which involves juxtaposition of mental objects is conducted by the prefrontal cortex and is therefore called Prefrontal Synthesis (PFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1758700DOI Listing

Utility of abbreviated versions of the test of memory malingering in children with traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 13:1-5. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychology, Hope College, Holland, MI, USA.

We evaluated the classification accuracy of two abbreviated versions of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in prediction of results on the full-length instrument in a sample of 126 children who were evaluated within 1-12 months after traumatic brain injury. Both a version based on administration of Trial 1 and a version based on administration of only the first 10 items of Trial 1 had acceptable specificity (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750109DOI Listing

Attentional profile of adolescents with ADHD in virtual-reality dual execution tasks: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 13:1-10. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of I + I+I, Nesplora Technology & Behavior, San Sebastian, Spain.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is highly prevalent in children and adolescents, with estimated prevalence ranges from 5.9 to 7.1% globally and 1 to 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1760103DOI Listing

Understanding the neuropsychological effects of 3q29 deletion Syndrome: A fraternal twin case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 12:1-7. Epub 2020 May 12.

The Neuropsychology Center of Louisiana at Gretna, Gretna, LA, USA.

In 2005, the 3q29 Deletion Syndrome was identified and defined as a rare chromosomal anomaly that effects approximately one in 30,000-40,000 children. It has a complex neuropsychiatric profile but often results in developmental delay, intellectual disability, attentional deficits, classic physical traits, behavioral health disturbances, as well as social and emotional issues. Rarely has this syndrome been seen and evaluated in fraternal twins, only one of whom has the 3q29 Deletion Syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1757445DOI Listing

A review of performance and symptom validity testing with pediatric populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 6:1-15. Epub 2020 May 6.

Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute and Alberta Health Sciences, Alberta, Canada.

Growing recognition and concerns of non-credible performance in pediatric populations have led clinicians to investigate the utility of performance and symptom validity tests (PVT/SVTs) among children and adolescents. Yet current research has indicated that a minority of clinicians routinely utilize a free-standing PVT in pediatric neuropsychological evaluations. The current article investigates the rationale for using PVT/SVTs, and the impact that failure of such exams have on other neurocognitive tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750118DOI Listing

Test of variables of attention performance among ADHD children with credible vs. non-credible PVT performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 1:1-7. Epub 2020 May 1.

The Nicholls Group, Scottdale, AZ, USA.

The assessment of effort is a crucial step in the evaluation of children and adolescents who present with symptoms of an Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Studies with adults have found that a large percentage of individuals claiming to have ADHD fail performance validity measures. In children, failure on PVT measures is associated with lower scores on a wide array of neuropsychological measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1751787DOI Listing

Association of folic acid, vitamin B12, and intelligence scores in epileptic children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 1:1-5. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Epilepsy is a serious childhood disease associated with cognitive impairment. Our aim was to investigate the possible association of serum folic acid, vitamin B12, and intelligence scores in epileptic children. A group of 30 children with established diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy for at least one year as well as another group of 30 nonepileptic healthy children as the control group were recruited for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1747020DOI Listing

Introduction to special issue on effort testing in children and adolescents.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 22:1-2. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Psych Associates of Maryland, Bethesda, MD, USA.

This manuscript reviews the past history of effort testing in children and adolescents. Results in children and adults are briefly described on tests such as the Word Memory Test (WMT), the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT), the Nonverbal Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM). Articles in the Special Issue are also briefly described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750105DOI Listing

Self-reported prior night's sleep quantity on baseline symptom factors and computerized neurocognitive testing in high school athletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 17:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Athletic Training Research Laboratory, Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.

Little is known regarding sleep and baseline concussion performance and symptoms in athletes. We explored the effects of self-reported prior night's sleep quantity on baseline symptoms and computerized neurocognitive testing in high school athletes. A retrospective analysis of 958 high school athletes between the ages of 13-19 years was completed on Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1751163DOI Listing

Differences in performance on the test of variables of attention between credible vs. noncredible individuals being screened for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 17:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Regional Assessment and Resource Centre, Queens University, Kingston, Canada.

Measuring performance validity in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) assessments is essential, with multiple studies identifying how easily young adults can feign symptoms on self-report measures. Few methods, however, exist to identify such feigning when it occurs. While some clinicians include computerized tests of attention (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750115DOI Listing

Examination of five- and four-subtest short form IQ estimations for the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth edition (WISC-V) in a mixed clinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 16:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Health Psychology, Univerisity of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Evaluating general cognitive ability (i.e., intelligence) is common in neuropsychological practice, and identifying abbreviated assessments of intelligence is often advantageous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1747021DOI Listing

The use of the MSVT in children and adolescents with epilepsy.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Neuropsychology Service, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Canada.

Pediatric neuropsychologists are increasingly recognizing the importance of performance validity testing during evaluations. The use of such measures to detect insufficient effort is of particular importance in pediatric epilepsy evaluations, where test results are often used to guide surgical decisions and failure to detect poor task engagement can result in postsurgical cognitive decline. The present investigation assesses the utility of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) in 104 clinically referred children and adolescents with epilepsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750127DOI Listing

The license plate test performance in Canadian adolescents with learning disabilities: A preliminary study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Apr 14:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Regional Assessment and Resource Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Accurate identification of symptom exaggeration is essential when determining whether data obtained in pediatric evaluations are valid or interpretable. Performance validity measures identify performance patterns that are implausible if the test taker is investing full effort; however, it is unclear whether or not persons with preexisting cognitive difficulties such as Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) might be falsely accused of poor test motivation due to actual but impaired reading, processing or memory skills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the newly developed License Plate Test (LPT) performance in students with identified SLD providing good effort, to examine the influence of severe reading or learning problems on LPT performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750111DOI Listing

Noncredible effort on the Nonverbal-Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT): Impact on cognitive performance in pediatric mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 28:1-8. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Department of Neuropsychology, WellStar Medical Group-Psychological Services, Marietta, GA, USA.

This study examined failure rates on the Nonverbal-Medical Symptom Validity Test (NV-MSVT) and its impact on cognitive performance in a sample of youths with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Participants were 184 children and adolescents who presented to a multidisciplinary concussion clinic for a targeted neuropsychological evaluation. Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) were a part of the standard battery, including the NV-MSVT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1742717DOI Listing

Expanding the cross-cultural psychological assessment tool box with IQ test short forms.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 23:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Short forms of standard intelligence tests are useful in clinical and research settings where administration of a full intelligence test is impractical or unnecessary. In cross cultural contexts where few tests are available, including brief intelligence tests, short forms may be particularly useful to meet clinical and research needs. However, there is little cross-cultural research on the validity of short forms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1740093DOI Listing

Influence of maltreatment, bullying, and neurocognitive impairment on recidivism in adolescents with conduct disorder: A 3-Year prospective study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 19:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Nagasaki Juvenile Classification Home, Nagasaki, Japan.

We sought to clarify the influence of family developmental conditions (e.g., adverse childhood experiences: ACEs), peer relationships (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1734458DOI Listing

Psychometric properties of the standardized assessment of concussion in youth football: Validity, reliability, and demographic factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 6:1-7. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Simbex, Inc, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA.

The objective of this study was to determine the psychometrics (reliability, validity) of the original Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) in a youth sample (ages 11 to 13). Demographic factors of race, level of vocabulary knowledge, mother's level of education were also considered. Over 150 youth football athletes completed the SAC and a brief battery of NIH Toolbox cognitive tests as part of a larger study on biomechanical factors in youth sport concussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1726746DOI Listing

Motor and verbal inhibitory control: development and validity of the test for children with development coordination disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 2:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Psychology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

A set of inhibitory control tasks for the smartphone (Go/No-Go App) was developed for typical children and children with development coordination disorder (DCD). The content, construct, and criterion validity was examined. The inhibitory control Go/No-Go App test is comprised of four tasks: auditory and visual stimuli with motor and verbal responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1726178DOI Listing

Psychometric properties and clinical utility of the executive function inventory for children and adolescents: a large multistage populational study including children with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Mar 2:1-17. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Psychometrics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Executive functions (EF) are a set of high order mental abilities that regulate cognition, emotions, and behavior. This study aims to report the construction and validation of a rating scale instrument for EF in children and adolescents aged from 5 to 18 years (EFICA), as well as to report the results of a comparison between children with ADHD and their peers without it. Thus, we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study relying on a sample composed of 3,284 typical children and adolescents accessed to study the psychometric properties of the parents' inventory (EFICA-P) and the teacher's inventory (EFICA-T) within a Structural Equation Modeling framework (SEM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1726353DOI Listing

Verbal fluency and digit span variables as performance validity indicators in experimentally induced malingering and real world patients with TBI.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Feb 21:1-18. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.

This study was designed to examine the classification accuracy of verbal fluency (VF) measures as performance validity tests (PVT). Student volunteers were assigned to the control ( = 57) or experimental malingering ( = 24) condition. An archival sample of 77 patients with TBI served as a clinical comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1719409DOI Listing
February 2020

Neuropsychological classification based on brain mapping performance in Thai children with and without ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Feb 20:1-7. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand.

This study investigated the cognitive strengths and weaknesses of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) patients by using quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) to analyze brain mapping outcomes in relation to neuropsychological assessments. A total of 305 participants with and without ADHD were recruited. The theta relative power of QEEG was analyzed using stepwise multiple regression, and twelve scalp regions were compared between groups using independent -tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1729155DOI Listing
February 2020

Psychometric properties of Persian version of the Barkley deficits in executive functioning scale-children and adolescents.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Feb 18:1-8. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

The Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale-Children and Adolescents (BDEFS-CA) is an empirically based tool for evaluating clinically significant dimensions of child and adolescent executive functioning. The present study examined the psychometric properties of Persian version of the BDEFS-CA Long Form parent-report in children and adolescents aged 6-18 years old ( = 2,295, 51% girls). The results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) consistently underscored a five-factor structure (self-management to time, self-organization/problem solving, self-restraint, self-motivation and self-regulation of emotion), resembling the original factor structure, in Persian language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1726352DOI Listing
February 2020

Rey 15 item test plus recognition trial and TOMM in a community pediatric sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Neuropsychology Program, Palo Alto University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

In pediatric evaluations, performance validity test (PVT) selection is often constrained by reading level, developmental appropriateness of stimuli, and administration time. The Rey 15 Item Test (FIT) addresses these constraints, and ranks among the most frequently used PVTs. Unfortunately, research indicates poor sensitivity of the FIT recall trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1709068DOI Listing
January 2020

The association between perinatal and neonatal variables and neuropsychological development in very and extremely low-birth-weight preterm children at the beginning of primary school.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jan 9:1-11. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Neuroscience Institute of Principado de Asturias (INEUROPA), Oviedo, Spain.

Preterm children with very low birth weight (<1,500 g) and extremely low birth weight (<1,000 g) have an increased risk of experiencing neuropsychological delays. The purpose of this study is to characterize the neuropsychological profile of very and extremely low birth weight preterm children and discover what maternal conditions, diseases, procedures, and alterations in preterm newborns could be related to their later neuropsychological development. Eighty-nine preterm children (aged from 5 to 7 years) were assessed on their intelligence quotient (IQ), executive function, memory, and visuospatial memory in a single session, using the RIST and NEPSY-II test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1709464DOI Listing
January 2020

Predictors of cognitive function in pediatric brain tumor patients: pre-surgery through 24-month follow-up.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Dec 30:1-8. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Department of Psychology & Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of cognitive assessment from pre-surgery through 2-year follow-up in a sample of pediatric brain tumor (BT) patients. We sought to investigate cognitive function over the course of diagnosis and treatment, and as a function of presenting problems, tumor location, treatment type, and tumor severity. Using a prospective, longitudinal design, standardized IQ measures were administered to pediatric BT patients (ages 6-16) prior to surgery ( = 25), 6 months post-diagnosis ( = 24), and 24 months post-diagnosis ( = 23). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1706179DOI Listing
December 2019

The development of body representations in school-aged children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Dec 20:1-13. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.

Following the triadic taxonomy, three different body representations do exist, namely the body semantics, the body structural representation and the body schema. The development of these body representations has been widely investigated in toddlers, but several issues remain to be addressed in school age. To assess age- and gender-related changes in different body representations and to investigate the presence of different patterns of interplay between these representations of the body, 90 children (age range: 7-10) and 37 young adults (age range: 18-35) were given tasks assessing the body semantics, the body structural representation and the body schema as well as control tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1703704DOI Listing
December 2019

Assessment of the executive functions of moderate preterm children in preschool age.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Dec 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CINEICC) of the University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

This study assesses EF and socioemotional development in 30 MPT children between 4 and 6 years, comparing them with 31 FT children. Working Memory was assessed with Digit Span and Corsi Block, verbal inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility with The Shape School Test, visuomotor inhibition with Go/No-Go and socioemotional development with SDQ for parents. In our study, MPT preschoolers had a poorer working memory, inhibitory control and verbal cognitive flexibility, and more emotional problems compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1699095DOI Listing
December 2019

Temporal vision is related to cognitive function in preadolescent children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Dec 17:1-8. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Institute of Gerontology, Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, College of Public Health, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

The relation between visual processing speed (critical flicker fusion thresholds [CFF] and psychomotor reaction time) and higher-level cognitive function was assessed using a cross-sectional sample ( = 51) of 7 to 13-year-old preadolescent children. Data on visual processing speed (CFF and psychomotor reaction time) and cognitive function (Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities) were collected. Woodcock-Johnson III composite standard scores (brief intellectual ability [BIA], cognitive efficiency, processing speed, and executive processes) were calculated to control for age in the cognitive variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1699096DOI Listing
December 2019

Training emotional recognition in a child with acquired brain injury: a single case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Dec 13:1-9. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter University, Exeter, UK.

Emotional processing is affected by childhood brain injury. Ineffective emotional processing and poor understanding of social cues affect the development of social relationships leading to social isolation and a poorer quality of life in the long-term. Facial expression recognition is a non-verbal social cue that is used to interpret the thoughts and feelings of others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1699094DOI Listing
December 2019

They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Nov 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) have become a standard part of adult neuropsychological practice; however, they are less widely used in pediatric testing. The current study aimed to obtain a better understanding of the application of PVTs within a mixed clinical pediatric sample with a wide range of diagnosis, IQ, and age. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 130 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated as part of clinical care and diagnosed with a variety of medical/neurological, developmental, and psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1685522DOI Listing
November 2019

Attention profile in children with epilepsy compared to healthy children using computer-based ForamenRehab program.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Nov 2:1-10. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Attention is a key component in cognitive functioning. Attention impairment is often present in children with epilepsy, which is one of the most common neurological disorders in children and adolescents. Evaluating the attention profiles is important for describing the patients' cognitive weaknesses and planning individual-based cognitive neurorehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1681995DOI Listing
November 2019

Investigating the interchangeability and clinical utility of MVPT-3 and MVPT-4 for 7-10 year children with and without specific learning disabilities.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Oct 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Faculty of Health Science, Department of Occupational Therapy, Hacettepe University , Ankara , Turkey.

The aim of our study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity levels of MVPT-3 and MVPT-4 in 7-10 year children with specific learning disabilities (SLD) and to compare the clinical usability of these assessment tools. This study was designed as a case-controlled study. 96 ( study group = 48, control group = 48) 7-10 year children were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1681270DOI Listing
October 2019

Effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability on vestibular and ocular baseline concussion assessment in pediatric athletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Oct 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Sport Injury Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University , East Lansing , MI , USA.

Vestibular and ocular motor assessment has gained popularity as a tool for sport-related concussion among healthcare professionals. With awareness of premorbid risk factors, such as attentional problems, it is imperative to understand their effects at baseline. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and diagnosed learning disability (LD) on vestibular and oculomotor baseline concussion assessment in pediatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1683453DOI Listing
October 2019
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QEEG correlates of cognitive processing speed in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injuries.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Oct 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina , Columbia , SC , USA.

Both quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) and cognitive measures have been used to understand the underlying brain changes that occur in individuals after experiencing a traumatic brain injury, however, research exploring the relationship between qEEG patterns and cognitive test performance is scarcely studied in school-aged populations. The purpose of the present study was to explore first, the neuropsychological and academic deficits in young individuals with TBI; and second, the underlying relationship between qEEG patterns and cognitive test performance. Analyses included 21 school-aged participants whom have experienced a recent TBI and 15 school-aged participants whom have never experienced a TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1675523DOI Listing
October 2019

Sluggish cognitive tempo in children with traumatic brain injuries.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Oct 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Psychology Service, Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital , Grand Rapids , MI , USA.

This exploratory study is the first to investigate whether the construct of sluggish-cognitive tempo (SCT) is related to slowed processing speed in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI), while also considering pre-morbid and injury variables. The study evaluated SCT, as measured by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and processing speed, as assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV Processing Speed Index), in children who sustained TBI with a wide range of injury severity. Injury variables examined included the length of coma, presence of neuroimaging findings, and time between injury and assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1674653DOI Listing
October 2019
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The effects of socioeconomic status on baseline neurocognitive testing scores.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Oct 3:1-6. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

College of Health Sciences, University of Lynchburg , Lynchburg , VA , USA.

Baseline neurocognitive testing has been recommended to provide a more accurate representation of the pre-concussion cognitive status of individual athletes. Socioeconomic status is not typically controlled for when obtaining baseline scores, which may lead to inaccurate findings if post-injury scores are compared to normative data. Understanding the role of socioeconomic status in baseline testing is important for the accurate analysis of test scores and proper evaluation of patients if individualized baseline data are not available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1671842DOI Listing
October 2019
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A pediatric case of NF1 and moyamoya syndrome: neuropsychological evaluation pre- and post-EDAS.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Sep 14:1-14. Epub 2019 Sep 14.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine , Chicago , IL , USA.

Studies have shown that a subset of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) experience associated vascular conditions, with moyamoya syndrome one of the most common comorbidities. While NF1 and moyamoya syndrome are each associated with neurocognitive deficits, no neuropsychological data has been presented for an individual with comorbid NF1 and moyamoya syndrome, particularly pre- and post-re-vascularization surgery. The present case describes the neuropsychological profile of a bilingual Latina girl with NF1 and moyamoya syndrome, who was assessed pre- (age 5 years, 9 months) and post-EDAS (age 6 years, 1 month). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1665292DOI Listing
September 2019
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Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the BRIEF-2 Parent and Teacher Form: Relationship to Performance-Based Measures of Executive Functions and Academic Achievement.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Sep 15:1-15. Epub 2019 Sep 15.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental (CIIPME) , Buenos Aires , Argentina . Universidad Adventista del Plata, Facultad de Humanidades, Educación y Ciencias Sociales , Entre Ríos , Argentina.

We conducted two empirical studies to (1) explore the dimensionality of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-2 (BRIEF-2) parent and teacher forms, (2) examine the association between the parent and teacher reports, and (3) analyze the relationship between the BRIEF-2 ratings and performance-based measures of executive functions (EFs) (including working memory, inhibition, and shifting tasks) and academic achievement in children. In Study 1 ( = 212 parents;  = 111 teachers), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that a three-factor solution that included the indices of (1) behavior regulation, (2) emotion regulation, and (3) cognitive regulation best fit the data. In Study 2 ( = 275 8- to 12-year-old Spanish-speaking children), selective and low correlations were found between performance- and rater-based measures of EFs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1660984DOI Listing
September 2019

Should you let your child play football? What about soccer or hockey?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Sep 2:1-6. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Department of Psychology, University of North Dakota , Grand Forks , ND , USA.

College students ( = 120) answered 18 yes-no questions that varied the child's gender (male, female), grade (grade school, high school, college), and sport (football, soccer, hockey). The format of the 18 yes or no questions was "If you had a child in (grade school, high school, college) would you let (him, her) play (football, soccer, hockey)"? Similar to a previous study, a large percentage (78.8%) of the respondents answered yes to the questions about football, indicating that they would permit their children to play football despite the risk of concussion (96% yes for male children, 67% yes for female children). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1654385DOI Listing
September 2019

Visual training could be useful for improving reading capabilities in dyslexia.

Authors:
Maria Pia Bucci

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Aug 13:1-10. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

a UMR 1141 Inserm - Paris Diderot University, Robert Debré Hospital , Paris , France.

The term dyslexia originated in 1887 when an ophthalmologist described the difficulty of learning to read. After more than a century of research, we still do not know the etiology of such pathology. Several hypotheses have been suggested to explain dyslexia and in the present article we will describe in detail the visual attentional deficits reported in dyslexia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1646649DOI Listing
August 2019
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Invalid Baseline Testing with ImPACT: Does Sandbagging Occur with High School Athletes?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Aug 13:1-10. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

f College of Education, University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , USA.

The aim of this large-scale research was to determine the frequency of valid, invalid, and sandbagging results in ImPACT baseline testing of high school athletes. This retrospective study identified valid, invalid (identified by five embedded Invalidity Indicators), and sandbagging (identified by three "red flags") results in the ImPACT baseline test scores of 6,346 high school athletes. In addition, the ImPACT postconcussion scores of 266 athletes who sustained a concussion during the school year were evaluated to compare the baseline-to-postconcussion changes of valid versus a combined group of invalid and sandbagging scorers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1642202DOI Listing
August 2019
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Brief communication: Reliability of the D-KEFS Tower Test in samples of children and adolescents in Ecuador.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 24:1-7. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

a Institute of Neurosciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito , Quito , Ecuador.

The Tower Test in the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) is a widely-used assessment of executive function in young people. It is similar to other Towers of Hanoi type tasks, for which doubts regarding the reliability of the test have been previously raised. Here, we present data on the internal consistency, unidimensionality, and test-retest reliability of the D-KEFS Towers Test based on an Ecuadorian sample of 264 children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1629922DOI Listing

Developmental dynamic interplay between executive functions and psychotic risk.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

c Department of Medicine, Division of Psychiatry , Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation, University of Perugia , Perugia , Italy.

According to the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia, the premorbid stages of nonaffective psychosis are characterized by early phenotypic manifestations of neurobiological vulnerability, whose developmental trends are accurately characterized for IQ, language, and motor abilities. More elusive is the developmental relationship between psychotic risk and executive functions. Few longitudinal studies are available on this relationship, suggesting a developmental lag for executive functions in subjects that will develop psychosis in young adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1641096DOI Listing

Perceived need for neuropsychological assessment according to geographic location: A survey of Australian youth mental health clinicians.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 14:1-10. Epub 2019 Jul 14.

b Orygen, The National centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health , Parkville , Australia.

Recent studies have shown that neuropsychological assessment is a scarce resource in youth mental health settings. The need for neuropsychological assessment might differ in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas due to characteristics inherent to these different regions. However, no formal studies have investigated this question. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1624170DOI Listing

Intelligence and posterior fossa tumors in Brazilian youth.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 5:1-14. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

b Psychology , UFRN , Natal , Brazil.

Central nervous system tumors are the most frequent solid neoplasms in childhood and are frequently located in posterior fossa (PF). In Brazil, this diagnosis is associated to high mortality rates and this context is increasingly worrisome outside of large urban centers in which delayed diagnosis and defaulting from treatment compromise survivorship. Moreover, the lesion and therapeutic toxicity compromise cognitive domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1627212DOI Listing
July 2019
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Maternal smoking during pregnancy and physiological anxiety in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 3:1-8. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

c Department of Integral Rehabilitation , National Institute of Rehabilitation , Mexico City , México.

Our objective was to explore the relationship between mother smoking during pregnancy and physiological anxiety of children with Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Cognitive profile was evaluated by Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, physiological anxiety by Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. Mother's smoking was evaluated by the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1632708DOI Listing
July 2019
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Developmental changes in visual search are determined by changing visuospatial abilities and task repetition: a longitudinal study in adolescents.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 3:1-11. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

a Neuroscience , Erasmus MC , Rotterdam , Netherlands.

Using a longitudinal study design, a group of 94 adolescents participated in a visual search task and a visuospatial ability task yearly for four consecutive years. We analyzed the association between changes in visuospatial ability and changes in visual search performance and behavior and estimated additional effects of age and task repetition. Visuospatial ability was measured with the Design Organization Test (DOT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1627211DOI Listing

Spatial orientation assessment in preschool children: Egocentric and allocentric frameworks.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jul 3:1-23. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

a Department of Psychology , University of Oviedo , Oviedo , Spain.

Spatial orientation is an important function in daily life because it allows us to reach a target place when moving through our environment, using self-centered (egocentric) or environmental information (allocentric). Compared to other cognitive functions, spatial orientation has been studied less in preschool ages. Some brain areas, such as the hippocampus and the temporal as well as the parietal and frontal cortices, are involved in spatial orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1630278DOI Listing
July 2019
3 Reads