Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    374 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Adult[Journal]

    1 OF 8

    Performance discrepancies on the Boston Naming Test in African-American and non-Hispanic White American young adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Read More

    An index of decline or recovery following nonimpact and impact mTBI.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest). Nonimpact mTBI subjects showed significantly greater neurocognitive decline than Impact mTBI participants and, interestingly, Impact mTBI individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with no diagnosis of mTBI. Read More

    Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression: A comparison of stability and course.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    d Department of Medical Statistics, Computer Sciences and Documentation , Jena University Hospital , Jena , Germany.
    Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Read More

    Aggregating validity indicators: The salience of domain specificity and the indeterminate range in multivariate models of performance validity assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 7:1-18. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.
    This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied. Data from a mixed clinical sample of 234 adults referred for cognitive evaluation (MAge = 46. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in long-term cancer survivorship: A survey utilizing both standardized neuropsychological and self-report measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 3:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Centro di Riferimento Oncologico , Unit of Oncological Psychology , Aviano , Italy.
    Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions. Read More

    Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a Center for Research on Applied Gerontology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Read More

    Improving post-stroke cognitive and behavioral abnormalities by using virtual reality: A case report on a novel use of nirvana.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo , " Messina , Italy.
    Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction). Read More

    Private speech in simultaneous and early Spanish/English bilinguals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.
    This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g. Read More

    Virtual Apartment-Based Stroop for assessing distractor inhibition in healthy aging.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. Read More

    Cross-sectional associations between metabolic syndrome and performance across cognitive domains: A systematic review.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 25:1-14. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    a School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Australia.
    This review aimed to systematically evaluate associations between the Metabolic Syndrome and domain specific cognitive performance from cross-sectional studies. PsycINFO and Medline were searched on 12 January 2017 with the terms "Metabolic Syndrome" and "cogni*." A total of 973 articles were identified, with 26 meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

    Use of virtual reality in improving poststroke neglect: Promising neuropsychological and neurophysiological findings from a case study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 22:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" Messina , Messina , Italy.
    After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood. Read More

    Relationship between reading and long-term storage and retrieval (Glr) in college students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 21:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    a Department of Educational Psychology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , Connecticut , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding. They were also given two pairs of Glr subtests that consisted of immediate and delayed versions from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (KABC-II). Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Department of Neurology , Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition in a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    b Department of Psychology , University of British Columbia Okanagan , Kelowna , Canada.
    This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Read More

    Differential neural activation when voluntarily regulating emotions in service members with chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    c Department of Psychology , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome of a case of Susac syndrome: A two-year follow-up study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Hurstwood Park Neurological Centre , Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust , Brighton , United Kingdom.
    Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome. Read More

    Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: A computerized performance validity test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b School of Psychology , University of Minho , Braga , Portugal.
    Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Read More

    Cognitive intervention for early stage dementia: Research and techniques.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a Private Practice, Founder and Chief Medical Officer, SMART Brain Aging, Inc , Scottsdale , AZ , USA.
    Dementia is a growing world-wide phenomenon, impacting more than six million people in the United States. Despite its high projected prevalence, it is a significantly under-estimated phenomena, with estimates ranging from 15 to 25% of the current U.S. Read More

    Investigating patterns of memory impairment in ischemic stroke in an iranian population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    b Department of Neurology , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.
    Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in order to help therapists to develop more appropriate memory rehabilitation programs for the patients. Read More

    Assault-related mild traumatic brain injury, expectations of injury outcome, and the effect of different perpetrators: A vignette study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
    Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). Read More

    Use of the Rey 15-Item Test as a performance validity test in an elderly population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    c Carter Psychology Center , Bradenton , Florida.
    The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Rey 15-Item Test in elderly individuals with and without cognitive impairment and to develop new indices to function with this population, if needed. The sample consisted of 185 individuals referred for outpatient neuropsychological evaluation. All were clinically evaluated and administered the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT) with recognition as part of this procedure. Read More

    Verbal episodic memory profiles in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND): A comparison with Huntington's disease and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California.
    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e. Read More

    Halstead-Reitan characteristics of nonimpact and impact mTBI litigants and insurance claimants.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible neuropsychological differences in Halstead-Reitan characteristics between motor vehicle accident litigants and insurance claimants that sustained uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and did or did not sustain direct impact to the head (i.e., Impact vs. Read More

    Cost of malingering mild traumatic brain injury-related cognitive deficits during compensation and pension evaluations in the veterans benefits administration.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 17:1-16. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    c Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Salisbury , North Carolina , USA.
    Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40. Read More

    Performance on naturalistic virtual reality tasks depends on global cognitive functioning as assessed via traditional neurocognitive tests.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 14:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    a EPCV, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias (ULHT) , Lisbon , Portugal.
    This investigation sought to understand whether performance in naturalistic virtual reality tasks for cognitive assessment relates to the cognitive domains that are supposed to be measured. The Shoe Closet Test (SCT) was developed based on a simple visual search task involving attention skills, in which participants have to match each pair of shoes with the colors of the compartments in a virtual shoe closet. The interaction within the virtual environment was made using the Microsoft Kinect. Read More

    Construct validity of the UCSD performance-based skills assessment-brief version (UPSA-B) in HIV disease.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 25:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    b Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California , USA.
    Among individuals living with HIV disease, approximately 60% experience problems with everyday functioning. The present study investigated the utility of the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment-Brief Version (UPSA-B) as a measure of functional capacity in HIV. We utilized a cross-sectional three-group design comparing individuals with HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) (HIV + HAND+; n = 27), HIV+ neurocognitively normal individuals (HIV + HAND-; n = 51), and an HIV- comparison group (HIV-; n = 28) with broadly comparable demographics and non-HIV comorbidities. Read More

    Enhanced detection of feigned cognitive impairment using per item response time measurements in the Word Memory Test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 11:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.
    Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Read More

    Neurocognitive profile of HIV-positive adults on combined antiretroviral therapy: A single-centre study in Serbia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    c Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Vojvodina , University of Novi Sad , Serbia.
    The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia. Read More

    Verbal Selective Reminding Test (six-trial administration): Regression-based norms for a portuguese version.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a BRU-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , Lisboa , Portugal.
    The Verbal Selective Reminding Test (VSRT) is a widely used measure to evaluate verbal learning and memory associated with different neurological conditions. The goal of this study was to extend the use of the six-version trial of this test to the Portuguese population, through the production of adjusted normative data. The normative sample consists of 309 healthy participants aged between 20 and 70, with an educational level ranging from 4 to 23 years of formal. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition in a stroke population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    a University of British Columbia Okanagan and Department of Psychology, Kelowna General Hospital , Kelowna , British Columbia , Canada.
    There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Read More

    Validity of a verbal incidental learning measure from the WAIS-IV in older adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 2:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    c VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL. Read More

    Impact of rapport on neuropsychological test performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 1:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Guides to neuropsychological assessment emphasize the importance of establishing rapport; however, there has been a minimal amount of empirical investigation of the impact of rapport on neuropsychological test performance. In this experiment, participants (N = 98) were randomly assigned to take neuropsychological tests in either a high or low rapport condition. Results showed that we were able to manipulate the level of rapport and that the level of rapport had a significant effect on the Grooved Pegboard Test and the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, with other tests nearing statistical significance. Read More

    Evidence of practice effect in CANTAB spatial working memory test in a cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-12. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Center for Memory Disturbances, Section of Neurology , University of Perugia , Perugia , Italy.
    The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a system of neuropsychological tests frequently used to track the progression of cognitive deficits in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated test-retest reliability in seven CANTAB tests. Twenty-five MCI patients, with either AD-like or conflicting/normal cerebrospinal fluid profiles underwent three testing sessions at 6-month intervals, including the following tests: Reaction Time and Rapid Visual Information Processing (assessing attention and reaction times); Delayed Matching-to-Sample, Paired Associates Learning, Spatial Recognition Memory and Pattern Recognition Memory (assessing memory); Spatial Working Memory (assessing executive functions). Read More

    Development of a scale of executive functioning for the RBANS.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-6. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Mental Health Service, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a cognitive battery that contains scales of several cognitive abilities, but no scale in the instrument is exclusively dedicated to executive functioning. Although the subtests allow for observation of executive-type errors, each error is of fairly low base rate, and healthy and clinical normative data are lacking on the frequency of these types of errors, making their significance difficult to interpret in isolation. The aim of this project was to create an RBANS executive errors scale (RBANS EE) with items comprised of qualitatively dysexecutive errors committed throughout the test. Read More

    Accuracy statistics in predicting Independent Activities of Daily Living (IADL) capacity with comprehensive and brief neuropsychological test batteries.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford Health Care , Palo Alto , California , USA.
    This investigation was designed to determine the predictive accuracy of a comprehensive neuropsychological and brief neuropsychological test battery with regard to the capacity to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Accuracy statistics that included measures of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predicted power and positive likelihood ratio were calculated for both types of batteries. The sample was drawn from a general neurological group of adults (n = 117) that included a number of older participants (age >55; n = 38). Read More

    Computerized cognitive testing norms in active-duty military personnel: Potential for contamination by psychologically unhealthy individuals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 12:1-7. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    a AnthroTronix, Inc. , Silver Spring , Maryland , USA.
    Normative reference data used for clinical interpretation of neuropsychological testing results are only valid to the extent that the sample they are based on is composed of "normal" individuals. Accordingly, efforts are made to exclude individuals with histories and/or diagnoses that might bias test performance. In this report, we focus on these features in active-duty military personnel because published data on computerized neurocognitive testing norms for this population have not explicitly considered the consequences of neurobehavioral disorders (e. Read More

    Comparing the test of practical judgment with the neuropsychological assessment battery judgment subtest in a neurodegenerative disease clinic population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 12:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    a Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health , Las Vegas , Nevada , USA.
    The Test of Practical Judgment (TOP-J) and the Judgment subtest from the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB-JDG) are both brief interview-based measures that assess judgment. This study compared estimates of judgment obtained from these measures in a neurodegenerative disease population. Records from 61 referrals seen for neuropsychological evaluation in a neurodegenerative disorders clinic were reviewed. Read More

    Cognitive reserve is not associated with improved performance in all cognitive domains.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 8:1-13. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    a Cognitive Ageing and Impairment Neurosciences Laboratory, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.
    Cognitive reserve beneficially affects cognitive performance, even into advanced age. However, the benefits afforded by high cognitive reserve may not extend to all cognitive domains. This study investigated whether cognitive reserve differentially affects performance on cognitive tasks, in 521 cognitively healthy individuals aged 60 to 98 years (Mage = 68, SD = 6. Read More

    Test-retest reliability and convergent validity of attention measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 8:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    a CPA-UAM Psychology Clinic, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid , Madrid , Spain.
    Recently, numerous pretest-posttest study designs have evaluated attention impairments and effectiveness of attention training. However, some of the attention tasks used in these studies show a lack of temporal stability analysis that reduces confidence in attention training outcomes. We aim to analyze the temporal stability within three attention tasks using different measures of attention (speed measures, accuracy measures, and global attention indexes) and the convergent validity between the measures. Read More

    Semantic verbal fluency impairment is detectable in patients with subjective cognitive decline.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 26:1-10. Epub 2017 May 26.
    b International Clinical Research Center , St. Anne's University Hospital Brno , Brno , Czech Republic.
    Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. Read More

    Neuropsychological impairment in Hashimoto's encephalopathy: A case report and literature review.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 26:1-9. Epub 2017 May 26.
    b Department of Psychiatry , Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.
    Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare neurological syndrome characterized by the presence of positive serum antithyroid antibodies, altered mental status, and clinical response to glucocorticoid therapy. Although HE has been documented in the literature from a medical standpoint, reports on the neuropsychological presentation of this syndrome are scarce. This article presents a literature review of cognitive deficits reported in HE cases. Read More

    Variance in caregiver burden predicted by patient behaviors versus neuropsychological profile.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 23:1-7. Epub 2017 May 23.
    b Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon , Canada.
    Informal caregivers provide the majority of care to persons with dementia; efforts to support caregivers' well-being are increasingly important in the context of limited formal healthcare supports. Informal caregiving is commonly associated with caregiver burden and burden may depend upon patient characteristics including neuropsychological profile, dementia severity, and dementia etiology. This study investigated predictors of caregiver burden in a sample of 213 Memory Clinic patients diagnosed with dementia and whose caregivers provided collateral information. Read More

    Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT 3.0 s): Demographically corrected norms for the Portuguese population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 23:1-7. Epub 2017 May 23.
    c Serviço de Neurologia , Centro Hospitalar São João , Porto , Portugal.
    The main goal of this study was to produce adjusted normative data for the Portuguese population on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT 3.0 s), the version used in the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests developed by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The study included 326 community-dwelling individuals (199 women and 127 men) aged between 20 and 70 (mean = 40. Read More

    Aphasia from the inside: The cognitive world of the aphasic patient.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 23:1-7. Epub 2017 May 23.
    b Fundación Argentina de Afasia "Charlotte Schwarz" , Buenos Aires , Argentina.
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the question: how do people with aphasia experience the world? Three questions are approached: (1) how is behavior controlled in aphasia, considering that a normal linguistic control is no longer available; (2) what is the pattern of intellectual abilities in aphasia; and (3) what do aphasia patients' self-report regarding the experience of living without language. In aphasia, behavior can no longer be controlled through the "second signal system" and only the first signal system remains. Available information suggests that sometimes no verbal abilities may be affected in aphasia. Read More

    1 OF 8