478 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Adult[Journal]


Case of right hemispatial neglect and transcortical sensory aphasia following left occipitotemporoparietal glioblastoma resection.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Illinois College of Medicine , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

The neurobehavioral syndrome of hemispatial neglect, which can result from insults such as stroke, brain tumor, or head injury, has most frequently been described as occurring for the left-side of hemispace following lesions to the right hemisphere. While right hemispatial neglect/inattention may occur following left hemisphere lesions as well, it has received limited attention in the scientific literature. The present case describes an inpatient neuropsychological evaluation with a 67-year-old, African American man presenting with right hemispatial neglect following resection of a large glioblastoma in the left occipitotemporoparietal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1590357DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Cross-validation of three Advanced Clinical Solutions performance validity tests: Examining combinations of measures to maximize classification of invalid performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

g South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.

Use of multiple performance validity tests (PVTs) may best identify invalid performance, though few studies have examined the utility and accuracy of combining PVTs. This study examined the following PVTs in the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) package to determine their utility alone and in concert: Word Choice Test (WCT), Reliable Digit Span (RDS), and Logical Memory Recognition (LMR). Ninety-three veterans participated in clinical neuropsychological evaluations to determine presence of cognitive impairment; 25% of the performances were deemed invalid via criterion PVTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1585352DOI Listing

Reliability, validity, and normative investigation of Persian version of a High-Level Language Test (BESS).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center , Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz , Iran.

Our study aimed at reliability, validity, and normative investigation of the Persian version of the High-Level Language Test (BESS). This study was conducted on 60 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients as well as 60 healthy individuals. After translating the BESS into Persian, its content validity was determined based on 10 experts working in the same field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575221DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

When 10 is enough: Errors on the first 10 items of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMMe10) and administration time predict freestanding performance validity tests (PVTs) and underperformance on memory measures.

Authors:
John H Denning

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 5:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a Department of Veteran Affairs, Mental Health Service , Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.

It is critical that we develop more efficient performance validity tests (PVTs). A shorter version of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) that utilizes errors on the first 10 items (TOMMe10) has shown promise as a freestanding PVT. Retrospective review included 397 consecutive veterans administered TOMM trial 1 (TOMM1), the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT), and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1588122DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Montreal Cognitive Assessment in a Greek sample of patients with multiple sclerosis: A validation study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 2:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

c School of Humanities, Social & Education Sciences , European University Cyprus , Engomi, Nicosia , Cyprus.

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief cognitive instrument for the measurement of dementia. The aim of the present study was to measure the sensitivity of this test in a group of Greek speaking participants diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. 40 MS participants complaining for cognitive dysfunction were matched in age and education to 490 healthy participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1588123DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Correction.

Authors:

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1598087DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Exploratory study of HRB signs, patterns, and right-left differences relating to spatial cognition following nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 21:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

b University of Western Ontario , London , ON , Canada.

Sweeney and Johnson found that response time on the Tactile Form Recognition Test (TFR) of the Halstead-Reitan Test Battery (HRB) requiring speeded tactile- and visual-spatial recognition was deficient for Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) individuals in comparison to Impact mTBI and No mTBI participants. A follow-up study by Sweeney and Slade noted that skills most sensitive to Deficient TFR performance of mTBI subjects involved tactile-spatial perception, with lateralization of inferior performances contralateral to cerebral regions known to specialize in the spatial skills required. The current study compared frequencies of HRB Pathognomonic Signs, atypical Score Patterns, and abnormal Right-Left Differences for Nonimpact mTBI groups that exhibited Deficient, Perfectly Normal, or Normal TFR performances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575220DOI Listing

"To whom did I tell that information?": Relationship between destination memory and theory of mind in traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 19:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Centre Hospitalier de Tourcoing , Unité de Gériatrie , Tourcoing , France.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been widely associated with impairment of social cognition. We therefore investigated the relationship between the ability to infer and predict other's mental states (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1585350DOI Listing

Comprehensive cognitive training improves attention and memory in patients with severe or moderate traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

b 2nd Department of Neurology , Institute of Psychiatry & Neurology , Warsaw , Poland.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to cognitive disorders, the most frequently affected functions being attention and memory. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a cognitive rehabilitation program, consisting of individual and group interventions, on attention and memory in patients with TBI. Fifteen patients-in the postacute phase of recovery from moderate-to-severe TBI and subsequent cognitive disorders-were enrolled on a three-week waiting list and then underwent a three-week cognitive rehabilitation program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576691DOI Listing

Investigating the relationship between decision-making processes and cognitive processes, personality traits, and affect via the structural equation model in young adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 8:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

b Department of Psychology , Abant Izzet Baysal University , Bolu , Turkey.

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision making and set-shifting, working memory, planning, selective attention, personality and affect, and to investigate these relations with the help of the structural equation model (SEM). A total of 100 participants, 59 female and 41 male, participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576690DOI Listing

Effects of Korsakoff Amnesia on performance and symptom validity testing.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) and Symptom validity tests (SVTs) are developed to identify people that present false or exaggerated symptoms. Although a key factor of both types of tests includes relative insensitivity to cognitive disorders, the direct effects of amnesia have been poorly studied. Therefore, a sample of 20 patients diagnosed with Korsakoff Amnesia (KA) through neuropsychological assessment and 20 healthy comparisons (HC) were administered the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS), and the newly developed Visual Association Test - Extended (VAT-E). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576180DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

WAIS Information Subtest as an indicator of crystallized cognitive abilities and brain reserve among highly educated older adults: A three-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

b Department of Neurology , Sourasky Medical Center , Tel Aviv , Israel.

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) Information Subtest (IS) is known as a neuropsychological "Hold" test that is relatively resistant to decline with aging. We administered neuropsychological tests among highly educated healthy older adults once a year for three subsequent years. Results showed highly stable performances on the IS across years (Mean Z score: T0 = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575219DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-P) scale among subjects with Parkinson's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

f Cognitive Neurology & Neuropsychiatry Division, Department of Psychiatry , School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive multifactorial degenerative disorder that has both motor and nonmotor features. Among the nonmotor features of PD, cognitive impairment; Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and dementia, poses one of the most significant implications for disability. Because of the high possibility of developing Dementia in PD, it is essential to obtain a reliable cognitive screen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565762DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Memory differences by sex, but not by previous diagnosis of major depressive disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

Memory difficulties are consistently reported in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Nonetheless, it has not been thoroughly investigated as to whether these deficits persist during remission from MDD. A group of 32 healthy young adults with no history of a mood disorder (M = 20. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1496334DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Self-efficacy and acceptance of disability following mild traumatic brain injury: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

c Loewenstein Rehabilitation Centre , Raanana , Israel.

Recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and regaining emotional equilibrium afterward can take much longer than the typical three months. Recent works attribute persisting complaints to psychological factors, primarily the negative perception of mTBI. However, research has yet to demonstrate how self-beliefs concerning capability are linked to perception and ability to accept injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1569523DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of fine and gross motor training or motor imagery, delivered via novel or routine modes, on cognitive function.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 26:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

d Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia , Tunja , Colombia.

There is extensive literature linking motor activity to cognitive effects at various stages in life, promoting both development and the reduction of aging associated pathologies. It is unclear whether the benefits of this activity on the cognitive level are associated with brain functions that are necessary for their performance or recurrence of activity or type of activity itself. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the type of motor activity (fine, gross, and motor imagery) in two modes (novel and routine) can affect cognitive functions such as attention, executive functions, and praxis in college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1566133DOI Listing
February 2019

Reliability and validity of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology, University of Maryland , Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

The Conners' Continuous Performance Test-Second Edition (CCPT-2) is a widely used measure of attention and impulsivity, however, only a minimal amount is known about its reliability. To clarify the psychometric properties of the CCPT-2, we assessed its performance stability and related it to criterion measures. A total of 91 undergraduate students completed the CCPT-2, the State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and reported on sleep during two sessions approximately one week apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570199DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prior head injury but not sex or sports-participation affects expectations for post-injury rest and activity in simulated mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.

Rest acutely followed by a gradual return to activity is commonly recommended for mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the general public's rest and activity expectations for this injury are unknown, as are the individual factors that might affect them. 165 individuals completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1433180DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

C3Logix assessment of neuropsychological performance in athletes and nonathletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology , Idaho State University , Pocatello , Idaho , USA.

Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance physical health, mental health, and cognitive functioning. Adult and older adult research shows that PA positively influences neuropsychological performance and protects against cognitive decline. This study investigated neuropsychological performance in uninjured athletes and nonathletes using an iPad-based neuropsychological battery called C3Logix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570927DOI Listing
February 2019

Cross-validation of incidental learning tasks from the WAIS-IV as a measure of memory.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Mental Health Service , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Although incidental learning (IL) routinely occurs in everyday life, it is infrequently assessed during neuropsychological evaluations. This study aimed to further examine the concurrent validity of IL measures based on the Vocabulary and Similarities subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). Participants included 43 Veterans referred for outpatient neuropsychological testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570930DOI Listing
February 2019

Super-cognition in aging: Cognitive profiles and associated lifestyle factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine , National University of Singapore , Singapore , Singapore.

Previous research on older adults with superior cognitive abilities (super-cognition) has typically examined cognition using a single domain approach, which may not adequately capture the multidimensional nature of successful cognitive aging. Furthermore, the lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition have not been studied adequately. The current study examined the cognitive profiles and lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570928DOI Listing
February 2019

Premorbid estimates of neuropsychological functioning for diverse groups.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

d Colorado Neuropsychological Consulting, Denver , Colorado, USA.

One of the basic tasks performed by a neuropsychologist is to identify the difference between current performance and the premorbid expected performance. Baseline expected performance for Intellectually Impaired (n = 21), Developmentally Delayed (n = 40), Attention Deficit Disorder (n = 98), Learning Disability (n = 42), and "Normal" groups (n = 75) were developed along with a demographically corrected prediction of premorbid functioning and a word reading based prediction of premorbid functioning. We utilized a subset of this data pool for development (n = 107) and validation (n = 108) of premorbid functioning estimates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550412DOI Listing
February 2019

Using the inventory of problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in symptom validity assessment: A study with a Portuguese sample of experimental feigners.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a Department of Psychology , University of Turin , Turin , Italy.

This study tested whether combining the Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) would increase sensitivity in the detection of experimentally feigned mental health problems, compared to using either test alone. Additionally, it also evaluated (a) the effects of administration order of these two tests and (b) the cultural and linguistic applicability of these tests to a European Portuguese population. The IOP-29 and TOMM were administered to a community sample of 100 nonclinical, adult volunteers from Portugal, with the instruction to feign mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570929DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prospective memories and working memory: shared resources or distinct mechanisms?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Research Unit in Affective and Social Neuroscience , Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milan , Italy.

Prospective memory (PM) is a complex process involving multiple cognitive abilities. Several studies demonstrated the role of working memory (WM) in PM. However, to date, the extent to which PM and WM shared resources or, rather, they are distinct mechanisms is still debated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550407DOI Listing
February 2019

Normative data and validation of the Italian translation of the Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 13:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

c Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia , Rome , Italy.

Reliable and valid measures are necessary to assess subjective working memory complaints that can be distinct from objective memory performance. The Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ) is a self-administered scale proposed by Vallat-Azouvi. It assesses the three different working memory domains (memory storage, attention, and executive functions) in accordance with Baddeley's working memory model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1552147DOI Listing
February 2019

Grooved Pegboard Test as a measure of executive functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Mental Health 116C , VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is used primarily as a measure of motor functioning, but some research indicates that performance on this test my also reflect cognitive factors, particularly attention and executive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine rule violations as a possible quantifiable measure of executive functioning, particularly inhibitory control. In a sample of 82 veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation at a Virginia (VA) outpatient clinic, we recorded instances of two types of rule violations: using the incorrect hand during insertion and placing pegs out of sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559165DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Establishing supplementary response time validity indicators in the Word Memory Test (WMT) and directions for future research.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1555161DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Psychometric limitations of the RBANS effort index in forensic inpatient populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo , Pueblo , Colorado , USA.

Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1517768DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Measuring reliable change in traumatic brain injury (TBI): The pitfalls of using readily available formulae.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit , Liverpool Hospital , Sydney , Australia.

Individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently undergo repeat neuropsychological assessments. Reliable change (RC) methodologies based on general population normative data are often used to assess for clinically significant change. The consequence of applying such methodologies to an individual with a TBI needs investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559166DOI Listing
February 2019

Can personality traits influence occupational stress in multiple sclerosis patients? A one-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , I.R.C.C.S. "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , Italy.

Recent studies suggest that patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) might be at risk of unemployment due to physical and psychological symptoms. Furthermore, MS patients appear to be more exposed to a higher level of occupational stress, which might be linked to some personality characteristics. Our aim was to ascertain, by means of a longitudinal study, whether changes in occupational stress can be predicted by some personality traits, which could thereby become potential targets of therapeutic interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553045DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Incremental utility of an extended stroop task for identifying subtle differences in cognitive performance among healthy older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Department of Psychology , University of Maryland , Baltimore , MD , USA.

The Stroop Color and Word Test is a test of processing speed, response inhibition, and executive functioning (EF). This project examined whether extending the Stroop Color-Word trial beyond the standard time limit could more accurately assess performance on EF measures. Cognitively healthy older individuals (n = 198) enrolled in a study of cardiovascular health completed the Stroop as part of a neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565763DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Relation between cognitive and behavioral aspects of dysexecutive functioning in normal aging.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Institute of Psychology , Jagiellonian University , Kraków , Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dysexecutive functioning, understood as two aspects of dysexecutive syndrome, in an elderly nonclinical sample. Most previous studies have concentrated on clinical population. However, nonclinical population of elderly adults is, in this context, a group of special interest due to a large body of evidence indicating that executive functions decrease pronouncedly in the course of normal aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550409DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Executive dysfunction in neuro-oncology: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function in adult primary brain tumor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

c Department of Health Behavior and Policy , Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine , Richmond , Virginia , USA.

Adult primary brain tumor (PBT) survivors report persistent cognitive difficulties before, during, and after treatment, which are problematic for everyday functioning. Cognitive domains often affected by cancer treatment appear to be attention and executive functioning (EF). One validated measure developed to assess an individual's EF within daily living is the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553175DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Relation between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people: Evidence from the Yakumo Study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

b Nagoya University , Nagoya , Japan.

Relations between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people (65-75 years old) were examined by longitudinal behavioral data. Based on the individually calculated cognitive decline ratio in D-CAT (digit cancelation test) and in LMT (Logical Memory Test) during the period of 11 years, participants were classified into the Decline and the Maintain groups and group differences in the postural tremor measures (Quotient of Romberg) were compared. Significant group differences were shown in the postural tremor measure in D-CAT that reflects prefrontal function, but it was not the case in LMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550410DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Perspective taking to assess topographical disorientation: Group study and preliminary normative data.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 24:1-20. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Geneva , Genève , Switzerland.

Difficulty in navigating in a well-known environment (i.e., topographical disorientation) is an incapacitating syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528262DOI Listing
January 2019

Anton's Syndrome associated with autotopagnosia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 20:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.

We describe an unusual case of a 68-year-old male affected by cerebral amyloid angiopathy and cortical blindness associated with Anton's syndrome. In addition, our patient presented with autotopagnosia, a form of agnosia characterized by loss of body spatial representation. Neuropsychological assessment evidenced cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1538048DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Effects of speed of processing training and transcranial direct current stimulation on global sleep quality and speed of processing in older adults with and without HIV: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

b School of Nursing , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.

Some older adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience poor sleep which can worsen cognition. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training have improved sleep and cognition in studies of older adults; yet, their combined influence is unknown in adults with HIV. Older adults with HIV (n = 33) and without HIV (n = 33) were randomized to receive 10 one-hour sessions of speed of processing (SOP) training with tDCS or sham tDCS over approximately 5 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534736DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Facing recovery: Emotional bias in working memory, rumination, relapse, and recurrence of major depression; an experimental paradigm conducted five years after first episode of major depression.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

c Department of Biological and Medical Psychology , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Identifying vulnerability factors for relapse of depression is essential in planning preventive interventions. Emotional face processing in major depression (MDD) shows promise as a potential cognitive marker for depression. The current study investigates how working memory (WM) load in face processing relates to rumination and new episodes of MDD in a novel explorative paradigm. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550406DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Visual memory performance following mild traumatic brain injury and its relationship with intellectual functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

To compare the visual memory performance of uncomplicated and complicated mild TBI (mTBI) groups with that of a control group on the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT). We also aimed to explore the influence of factors such as age, gender, education, occupation, and intellectual functioning on visual memory in individuals with mTBI. The RCFT and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II) were administered to 138 participants (90 uncomplicated mTBI patients, 19 complicated mTBI patients, and 29 controls). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528263DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Time estimation: Close your eyes and tell me when a minute goes by.

Authors:
John E Meyers

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Meyers Neuropsychological Services , Nokomis , Florida , USA.

The 1-minute estimation test is a relatively new task. This article is an initial offering showing normative data for children from age six up through adulthood (age =76). The task is quite simple, the individual was simply asked to estimate the passage of time for 1 minute. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1535435DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Contribution of executive functioning to instrumental activities of daily living in older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Neuropsychology Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center , Oklahoma City , OK , USA.

The Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) is a performance-based measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Executive dysfunction has been linked to impairment on other IADL measures but has not been thoroughly investigated with the TFLS. This study examined the contribution of executive functioning to IADLs on the TFLS among 228 older adults (M age =76. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550408DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Frequency of occurrence of four- and five-factor WAIS-IV profiles.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

d Austin Neuropsychology PLLC , Austin , Texas, USA.

Interpretive strategies for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) include Wechsler's four-factor structure and the five-factor Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model. The frequency of profile occurrence and the contribution of demographic- and ability-related variables to their incidence are unknown. Current participants were 291 referrals (males = 134; female = 157) for neuropsychological evaluation with mean years for age and education of 34. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550411DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Evaluation of adding the CANTAB computerized neuropsychological assessment battery to a traditional battery in a tertiary care center for veterans.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a War Related Illness and Injury Study Center , VA Palo Alto Healthcare System , San Jose , California , USA.

Numerous advantages of and concerns about computerized neuropsychological assessment systems have been noted. Here we report a program evaluation of incorporating a computerized system, the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), in our tertiary assessment center for Veterans. Patients were 23 consecutive referrals to the Western War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, an interdisciplinary assessment center within the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System for Veterans with complex medical presentations. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534735DOI Listing
January 2019
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Functional impairments among adults with ADHD: A comparison with adults with other psychiatric disorders and links to executive deficits.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 9:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Clinical Neuroscience , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

The aim of the present study was to investigate daily life functioning in adults with ADHD and adults with other psychiatric disorders and to compare ADHD subgroups with or without executive deficits. Daily life functioning was assessed using self-ratings covering the following domains: academic/occupational functioning, social relations, daily life problems, and criminality. Executive deficits were assessed using self-ratings and laboratory tests of working memory, inhibition, and shifting. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1532429DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Short-term delayed recall of auditory verbal learning test provides equivalent value to long-term delayed recall in predicting MCI clinical outcomes: A longitudinal follow-up study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 23:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

a Department of Neurology , Huashan Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

This study was conducted to compare predictive power of Auditory verbal learning test (AVLT) recall measures for Alzheimer's disease (AD) conversion and normal cognition (NC) reversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A total of 262 amnestic MCI patients were followed up longitudinally, who were then classified into different groups based on clinical outcomes. Demographic information and AVLT recall scores at baseline were compared among these groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1481067DOI Listing
November 2018
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Evolution of clinical neuropsychology: Four challenges.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 13:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Private Practice , Bettendorf , Iowa , USA.

Quantitative and evidence-based approaches fail to capture "the whole person," neglect the important contributions of nonquantitative variables to understanding behavior, and have limitations when assessing individuals who fall outside traditional normative groups. The emphasis on quantitative and evidence-based practices is one challenge facing the profession. The lack of consensual definitions for various domains of interest is a second challenge, because it hinders research, poses communication challenges, and impedes the accumulation of knowledge about human behavior. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1493483DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Reliability, validity, and normative investigation of the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults Who Stutter (BigCAT).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

c Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Central Florida , Orlando , Florida , USA.

The purpose of this study was to establish normative and psychometric data for the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults who Stutter (BigCAT) and to determine if there is a significant difference between the speech-associated attitude of Persian stuttering adults and their nonstuttering peers. The Persian BigCAT was administered to 90 people who stutter (PWS) and 90 people who do not stutter (PWNS). After the translation of the test and its equalization to Persian Language, content validity was determined by the opinions of experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1480482DOI Listing
November 2018
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Five-factor structure of the RBANS is supported in an Alzheimer's disease sample: Implications for validation of neuropsychological assessment instruments.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

a Ralph H. Johnson Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.

Development of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) was theoretically driven, with the goal of providing an assessment of abilities across five cognitive domains. Since its development, numerous factor analytic studies have failed to provide empirical support for the proposed five-factor structure and, furthermore, have lacked consensus on the internal structure of this instrument. A key limitation of these prior studies is the use of normal or mixed clinical samples, a practice that can obscure distinctions that may be evident in specific homogeneous clinical samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1529671DOI Listing
October 2018
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Feedback on underperformance in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: The impact on subsequent neuropsychological test performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

d School for Mental Health and Neuroscience , Maastricht University , Maastricht , Netherlands.

Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) are used to measure the credibility of neuropsychological test results. Until now, however, a minimal amount is known about the effects of feedback upon noncredible results (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1519509DOI Listing
October 2018
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Cognitive functions underlying prospective memory deficits: A study on traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

b Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation , Rome , Italy.

This study investigates prospective memory (PM) deficits as well as the interplay between performance in executive functions (EFs), speed of processing, episodic memory and PM in traumatic brain injury (TBI), differentiating between time based and event based tasks. The Memory for Intentions Screening Test was administrated to a sample of 19 participants with TBI and 50 healthy controls. Tasks probing different EFs (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1501374DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads