462 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Adult[Journal]


Reliability and validity of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology, University of Maryland , Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

The Conners' Continuous Performance Test-Second Edition (CCPT-2) is a widely used measure of attention and impulsivity, however, only a minimal amount is known about its reliability. To clarify the psychometric properties of the CCPT-2, we assessed its performance stability and related it to criterion measures. A total of 91 undergraduate students completed the CCPT-2, the State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and reported on sleep during two sessions approximately one week apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570199DOI Listing
February 2019

Prior head injury but not sex or sports-participation affects expectations for post-injury rest and activity in simulated mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.

Rest acutely followed by a gradual return to activity is commonly recommended for mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the general public's rest and activity expectations for this injury are unknown, as are the individual factors that might affect them. 165 individuals completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1433180DOI Listing
February 2019

C3Logix assessment of neuropsychological performance in athletes and nonathletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology , Idaho State University , Pocatello , Idaho , USA.

Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance physical health, mental health, and cognitive functioning. Adult and older adult research shows that PA positively influences neuropsychological performance and protects against cognitive decline. This study investigated neuropsychological performance in uninjured athletes and nonathletes using an iPad-based neuropsychological battery called C3Logix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570927DOI Listing
February 2019

Cross-validation of incidental learning tasks from the WAIS-IV as a measure of memory.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Mental Health Service , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Although incidental learning (IL) routinely occurs in everyday life, it is infrequently assessed during neuropsychological evaluations. This study aimed to further examine the concurrent validity of IL measures based on the Vocabulary and Similarities subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). Participants included 43 Veterans referred for outpatient neuropsychological testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570930DOI Listing
February 2019

Super-cognition in aging: Cognitive profiles and associated lifestyle factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine , National University of Singapore , Singapore , Singapore.

Previous research on older adults with superior cognitive abilities (super-cognition) has typically examined cognition using a single domain approach, which may not adequately capture the multidimensional nature of successful cognitive aging. Furthermore, the lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition have not been studied adequately. The current study examined the cognitive profiles and lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570928DOI Listing
February 2019

Premorbid estimates of neuropsychological functioning for diverse groups.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

d Colorado Neuropsychological Consulting, Denver , Colorado, USA.

One of the basic tasks performed by a neuropsychologist is to identify the difference between current performance and the premorbid expected performance. Baseline expected performance for Intellectually Impaired (n = 21), Developmentally Delayed (n = 40), Attention Deficit Disorder (n = 98), Learning Disability (n = 42), and "Normal" groups (n = 75) were developed along with a demographically corrected prediction of premorbid functioning and a word reading based prediction of premorbid functioning. We utilized a subset of this data pool for development (n = 107) and validation (n = 108) of premorbid functioning estimates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550412DOI Listing
February 2019

Using the inventory of problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in symptom validity assessment: A study with a Portuguese sample of experimental feigners.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a Department of Psychology , University of Turin , Turin , Italy.

This study tested whether combining the Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) would increase sensitivity in the detection of experimentally feigned mental health problems, compared to using either test alone. Additionally, it also evaluated (a) the effects of administration order of these two tests and (b) the cultural and linguistic applicability of these tests to a European Portuguese population. The IOP-29 and TOMM were administered to a community sample of 100 nonclinical, adult volunteers from Portugal, with the instruction to feign mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570929DOI Listing
February 2019

Prospective memories and working memory: shared resources or distinct mechanisms?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Research Unit in Affective and Social Neuroscience , Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milan , Italy.

Prospective memory (PM) is a complex process involving multiple cognitive abilities. Several studies demonstrated the role of working memory (WM) in PM. However, to date, the extent to which PM and WM shared resources or, rather, they are distinct mechanisms is still debated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550407DOI Listing
February 2019

Normative data and validation of the Italian translation of the Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 13:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

c Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia , Rome , Italy.

Reliable and valid measures are necessary to assess subjective working memory complaints that can be distinct from objective memory performance. The Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ) is a self-administered scale proposed by Vallat-Azouvi. It assesses the three different working memory domains (memory storage, attention, and executive functions) in accordance with Baddeley's working memory model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1552147DOI Listing
February 2019

Grooved Pegboard Test as a measure of executive functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Mental Health 116C , VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is used primarily as a measure of motor functioning, but some research indicates that performance on this test my also reflect cognitive factors, particularly attention and executive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine rule violations as a possible quantifiable measure of executive functioning, particularly inhibitory control. In a sample of 82 veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation at a Virginia (VA) outpatient clinic, we recorded instances of two types of rule violations: using the incorrect hand during insertion and placing pegs out of sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559165DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Establishing supplementary response time validity indicators in the Word Memory Test (WMT) and directions for future research.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1555161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Psychometric limitations of the RBANS effort index in forensic inpatient populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo , Pueblo , Colorado , USA.

Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1517768DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Measuring reliable change in traumatic brain injury (TBI): The pitfalls of using readily available formulae.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit , Liverpool Hospital , Sydney , Australia.

Individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently undergo repeat neuropsychological assessments. Reliable change (RC) methodologies based on general population normative data are often used to assess for clinically significant change. The consequence of applying such methodologies to an individual with a TBI needs investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559166DOI Listing
February 2019

Can personality traits influence occupational stress in multiple sclerosis patients? A one-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , I.R.C.C.S. "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , Italy.

Recent studies suggest that patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) might be at risk of unemployment due to physical and psychological symptoms. Furthermore, MS patients appear to be more exposed to a higher level of occupational stress, which might be linked to some personality characteristics. Our aim was to ascertain, by means of a longitudinal study, whether changes in occupational stress can be predicted by some personality traits, which could thereby become potential targets of therapeutic interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553045DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Incremental utility of an extended stroop task for identifying subtle differences in cognitive performance among healthy older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Department of Psychology , University of Maryland , Baltimore , MD , USA.

The Stroop Color and Word Test is a test of processing speed, response inhibition, and executive functioning (EF). This project examined whether extending the Stroop Color-Word trial beyond the standard time limit could more accurately assess performance on EF measures. Cognitively healthy older individuals (n = 198) enrolled in a study of cardiovascular health completed the Stroop as part of a neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565763DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relation between cognitive and behavioral aspects of dysexecutive functioning in normal aging.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Institute of Psychology , Jagiellonian University , Kraków , Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dysexecutive functioning, understood as two aspects of dysexecutive syndrome, in an elderly nonclinical sample. Most previous studies have concentrated on clinical population. However, nonclinical population of elderly adults is, in this context, a group of special interest due to a large body of evidence indicating that executive functions decrease pronouncedly in the course of normal aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550409DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Executive dysfunction in neuro-oncology: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function in adult primary brain tumor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

c Department of Health Behavior and Policy , Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine , Richmond , Virginia , USA.

Adult primary brain tumor (PBT) survivors report persistent cognitive difficulties before, during, and after treatment, which are problematic for everyday functioning. Cognitive domains often affected by cancer treatment appear to be attention and executive functioning (EF). One validated measure developed to assess an individual's EF within daily living is the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553175DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relation between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people: Evidence from the Yakumo Study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

b Nagoya University , Nagoya , Japan.

Relations between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people (65-75 years old) were examined by longitudinal behavioral data. Based on the individually calculated cognitive decline ratio in D-CAT (digit cancelation test) and in LMT (Logical Memory Test) during the period of 11 years, participants were classified into the Decline and the Maintain groups and group differences in the postural tremor measures (Quotient of Romberg) were compared. Significant group differences were shown in the postural tremor measure in D-CAT that reflects prefrontal function, but it was not the case in LMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550410DOI Listing
January 2019

Perspective taking to assess topographical disorientation: Group study and preliminary normative data.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 24:1-20. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Geneva , Genève , Switzerland.

Difficulty in navigating in a well-known environment (i.e., topographical disorientation) is an incapacitating syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528262DOI Listing
January 2019

Anton's Syndrome associated with autotopagnosia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 20:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.

We describe an unusual case of a 68-year-old male affected by cerebral amyloid angiopathy and cortical blindness associated with Anton's syndrome. In addition, our patient presented with autotopagnosia, a form of agnosia characterized by loss of body spatial representation. Neuropsychological assessment evidenced cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1538048DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effects of speed of processing training and transcranial direct current stimulation on global sleep quality and speed of processing in older adults with and without HIV: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

b School of Nursing , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.

Some older adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience poor sleep which can worsen cognition. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training have improved sleep and cognition in studies of older adults; yet, their combined influence is unknown in adults with HIV. Older adults with HIV (n = 33) and without HIV (n = 33) were randomized to receive 10 one-hour sessions of speed of processing (SOP) training with tDCS or sham tDCS over approximately 5 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534736DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Facing recovery: Emotional bias in working memory, rumination, relapse, and recurrence of major depression; an experimental paradigm conducted five years after first episode of major depression.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

c Department of Biological and Medical Psychology , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Identifying vulnerability factors for relapse of depression is essential in planning preventive interventions. Emotional face processing in major depression (MDD) shows promise as a potential cognitive marker for depression. The current study investigates how working memory (WM) load in face processing relates to rumination and new episodes of MDD in a novel explorative paradigm. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550406DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Visual memory performance following mild traumatic brain injury and its relationship with intellectual functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

To compare the visual memory performance of uncomplicated and complicated mild TBI (mTBI) groups with that of a control group on the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT). We also aimed to explore the influence of factors such as age, gender, education, occupation, and intellectual functioning on visual memory in individuals with mTBI. The RCFT and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II) were administered to 138 participants (90 uncomplicated mTBI patients, 19 complicated mTBI patients, and 29 controls). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528263DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Time estimation: Close your eyes and tell me when a minute goes by.

Authors:
John E Meyers

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Meyers Neuropsychological Services , Nokomis , Florida , USA.

The 1-minute estimation test is a relatively new task. This article is an initial offering showing normative data for children from age six up through adulthood (age =76). The task is quite simple, the individual was simply asked to estimate the passage of time for 1 minute. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1535435DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Contribution of executive functioning to instrumental activities of daily living in older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Neuropsychology Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center , Oklahoma City , OK , USA.

The Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) is a performance-based measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Executive dysfunction has been linked to impairment on other IADL measures but has not been thoroughly investigated with the TFLS. This study examined the contribution of executive functioning to IADLs on the TFLS among 228 older adults (M age =76. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550408DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Frequency of occurrence of four- and five-factor WAIS-IV profiles.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

d Austin Neuropsychology PLLC , Austin , Texas, USA.

Interpretive strategies for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) include Wechsler's four-factor structure and the five-factor Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model. The frequency of profile occurrence and the contribution of demographic- and ability-related variables to their incidence are unknown. Current participants were 291 referrals (males = 134; female = 157) for neuropsychological evaluation with mean years for age and education of 34. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550411DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Evaluation of adding the CANTAB computerized neuropsychological assessment battery to a traditional battery in a tertiary care center for veterans.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a War Related Illness and Injury Study Center , VA Palo Alto Healthcare System , San Jose , California , USA.

Numerous advantages of and concerns about computerized neuropsychological assessment systems have been noted. Here we report a program evaluation of incorporating a computerized system, the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), in our tertiary assessment center for Veterans. Patients were 23 consecutive referrals to the Western War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, an interdisciplinary assessment center within the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System for Veterans with complex medical presentations. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534735DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Functional impairments among adults with ADHD: A comparison with adults with other psychiatric disorders and links to executive deficits.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 9:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Clinical Neuroscience , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

The aim of the present study was to investigate daily life functioning in adults with ADHD and adults with other psychiatric disorders and to compare ADHD subgroups with or without executive deficits. Daily life functioning was assessed using self-ratings covering the following domains: academic/occupational functioning, social relations, daily life problems, and criminality. Executive deficits were assessed using self-ratings and laboratory tests of working memory, inhibition, and shifting. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1532429DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Short-term delayed recall of auditory verbal learning test provides equivalent value to long-term delayed recall in predicting MCI clinical outcomes: A longitudinal follow-up study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 23:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

a Department of Neurology , Huashan Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

This study was conducted to compare predictive power of Auditory verbal learning test (AVLT) recall measures for Alzheimer's disease (AD) conversion and normal cognition (NC) reversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A total of 262 amnestic MCI patients were followed up longitudinally, who were then classified into different groups based on clinical outcomes. Demographic information and AVLT recall scores at baseline were compared among these groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1481067DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Evolution of clinical neuropsychology: Four challenges.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 13:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Private Practice , Bettendorf , Iowa , USA.

Quantitative and evidence-based approaches fail to capture "the whole person," neglect the important contributions of nonquantitative variables to understanding behavior, and have limitations when assessing individuals who fall outside traditional normative groups. The emphasis on quantitative and evidence-based practices is one challenge facing the profession. The lack of consensual definitions for various domains of interest is a second challenge, because it hinders research, poses communication challenges, and impedes the accumulation of knowledge about human behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1493483DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Reliability, validity, and normative investigation of the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults Who Stutter (BigCAT).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

c Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Central Florida , Orlando , Florida , USA.

The purpose of this study was to establish normative and psychometric data for the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults who Stutter (BigCAT) and to determine if there is a significant difference between the speech-associated attitude of Persian stuttering adults and their nonstuttering peers. The Persian BigCAT was administered to 90 people who stutter (PWS) and 90 people who do not stutter (PWNS). After the translation of the test and its equalization to Persian Language, content validity was determined by the opinions of experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1480482DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Five-factor structure of the RBANS is supported in an Alzheimer's disease sample: Implications for validation of neuropsychological assessment instruments.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

a Ralph H. Johnson Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.

Development of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) was theoretically driven, with the goal of providing an assessment of abilities across five cognitive domains. Since its development, numerous factor analytic studies have failed to provide empirical support for the proposed five-factor structure and, furthermore, have lacked consensus on the internal structure of this instrument. A key limitation of these prior studies is the use of normal or mixed clinical samples, a practice that can obscure distinctions that may be evident in specific homogeneous clinical samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1529671DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Feedback on underperformance in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: The impact on subsequent neuropsychological test performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

d School for Mental Health and Neuroscience , Maastricht University , Maastricht , Netherlands.

Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) are used to measure the credibility of neuropsychological test results. Until now, however, a minimal amount is known about the effects of feedback upon noncredible results (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1519509DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Cognitive functions underlying prospective memory deficits: A study on traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

b Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation , Rome , Italy.

This study investigates prospective memory (PM) deficits as well as the interplay between performance in executive functions (EFs), speed of processing, episodic memory and PM in traumatic brain injury (TBI), differentiating between time based and event based tasks. The Memory for Intentions Screening Test was administrated to a sample of 19 participants with TBI and 50 healthy controls. Tasks probing different EFs (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1501374DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Quanti-qualitative components of the semantic verbal fluency test in cognitively healthy controls, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia subtypes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

b Department of Neurology, School of Medicine , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

This study is aimed to evaluating the underlying cognitive strategies used during Semantic Verbal Fluency (SVF) performance and comparing the differences between cognitively healthy controls (CHC), amnestic and amnestic-multiple domain mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI and a-md-MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Lewy body dementia (LBD), and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). The cross-sectional study comprised 236 participants involving 78 CHC individuals, 33 a-MCI and 48 a-md-MCI, 39 AD, 22 LBD, and 16 bvFTD patients. Scores differed significantly when comparing CHC with dementia groups, showing medium to large variances. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1465426DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Cognitive impairment in psychiatric patients in the United Arab Emirates.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 30:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Psychology & Counseling , UAE University College of Humanities and Social Sciences , Al Ain , United Arab Emirates.

Cognitive impairment is central to the discussion of most psychiatric disorders, because of the implications it has for diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative progression. In the present study, we compared the levels of cognitive impairment between psychiatric patients and a healthy control group. Thirty psychiatric patients and 30 matching healthy controls participated in this study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1488715DOI Listing
October 2018
26 Reads

Neuropsychological case report of MCI reversion at one-year follow-up.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 23:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Family Medicine , University of Southern California , Alhambra , CA , USA.

This report presents the neuropsychological profile of an older gentleman diagnosed with single-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at baseline who reverted to normal cognitive functioning at 1-year follow-up. The case highlights important considerations for assessing and diagnosing MCI in clinical settings in the context of sizeable reversion rates that have been reported extensively in the literature. A 72-year-old gentleman presented to our Neuropsychology Clinic with subjective memory complaints. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1519510DOI Listing
October 2018
20 Reads

Impact of baseline neurocognitive functioning on outcomes following rehabilitation of executive function training for veterans with history of traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 8:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

f SFVA Medical Center , University of California , San Francisco , CA , USA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common among Veterans, and sequelae frequently include deficits in attention and executive function and problems with emotional regulation. Although rehabilitation has been shown to be effective, it is not clear how patient characteristics such as baseline cognitive status may impact response to rehabilitation in this sample. Explore the relationship between baseline neuropsychological status and postintervention functional outcomes in Veterans with chronic TBI. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1490738DOI Listing
October 2018
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Normative values of the Rey Word Recognition Test in college athletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 28:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

a Department of Psychology , Florida Institute of Technology , Melbourne , Florida , USA.

Improved detection of sport-related concussions can be enhanced by performance validity tests, such as the Rey Word Recognition Test (WRT). The WRT is brief and in the public domain but no norms exist for healthy college-athletes. The present study identified such normative values in a large college-athlete sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1488716DOI Listing
September 2018
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Trail Making Test: Comparison of paper-and-pencil and electronic versions.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 28:1-11. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

c The Chicago School of Professional Psychology , Los Angeles , California , USA.

The Trail Making Test (TMT) was adapted for the iPad by Parker-O'Brien, which uses the 2004 Tombaugh norms. This study investigated the equivalency of this electronic test by (a) examining the test-retest reliability of the iPad-TMT, and (b) calculating the concurrent validity between the two versions. The sample included 77 healthy adults. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1460371DOI Listing
September 2018
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Home-versus acquired-language test performance on the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised among multilingual South Africans.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

b HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies , New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University , New York , New York , USA.

The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) has been adapted for use in many different languages and in low- and middle-income countries. However, few adaptations have evaluated performance differences between home- and acquired-language administrations. The present study examined performance on an adapted HVLT-R between multilingual South Africans who chose to be tested in a home or acquired language. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1510403DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

The doubtful benefits of giving the benefit of the doubt: Lenient scoring of the spatial orientation items on the mini-Mental Status Exam increases false negative rates.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 28:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

c Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Lebanon , New Hampshire , USA.

Lenient scoring of spatial orientation errors (SOE) on the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) is common practice, even though it deviates from standard protocol and may compromise its diagnostic power. This study was designed to empirically evaluate the effect of lenient scoring on the MMSE's classification accuracy. Participants were 113 community dwelling older adults recruited for a research study, representing a wide range of range of neurological status from cognitively healthy to Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1497990DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Geriatric Complex Figure Test: A test for the assessment of planning, visual spatial ability, and memory in older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

c Psychology , Miami University , Oxford , Ohio , USA.

The present study describes the development of a simplified complex figure for older adults. This new figure is based on theoretical organizational strategy models developed for the Rey Complex Figure Test and combines several new technologies for the enhancement of the data capture. The study shows that the accuracy and memory scores for the new measure correlate significantly with Trail Making Test, Five Point Test, and RBANS Complex Figure scores. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1490288DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Classification accuracy of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) Effort Index (EI) and Effort Scale (ES) relative to the Test Of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a mixed clinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Neuropsychology Department , Loyola University Medical Center , Maywood , Illinois , USA.

Performance Validity Testing has become an integral part of neuropsychological assessment, and a variety of embedded screening measures for performance validity have been proposed. Several performance validity indexes have been developed for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Although the RBANS Effort Index (EI) and Effort Scale (ES) have garnered some empirical support, other research has raised questions regarding their accuracy in a number of assessment contexts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1485678DOI Listing
September 2018
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Chunking to improve verbal forward spans in Korsakoff's syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

h CNRS CHU Lille, et UMR 9193 - SCALab - Sciences Cognitives Sciences Affectives , Univ. Lille , Lille , France.

Chunking is a mnemonic strategy that involves organizing information into appropriate units. Our article examined the use of this strategy on forward and backward span performance in Korsakoff's syndrome. Fifteen patients with Korsakoff's syndrome and 17 age-and-education matched healthy controls participated to the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1499023DOI Listing
September 2018
27 Reads

Eye tracking as a mean to detect feigned cognitive impairment in the word memory test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Eye movements showed initial promise for the detection of deception and may be harder to consciously manipulate than conventional accuracy measures. Therefore, we integrated an eye-tracker with the Word Memory Test (WMT) and tested its usefulness for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment. As part of the study, simulators (n = 44) and honest controls (n = 41) performed WMT's immediate-recognition (IR) subtest while their eye movements were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1480483DOI Listing
September 2018
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Reliability and validity of a motion-based reaction time assessment using a mobile device.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

c Landon Center on Aging , University of Kansas Medical Center , Kansas City , Kansas , USA.

Information processing speed is often altered following a concussion. Few portable assessments exist to evaluate simple reaction time (SRT) in hospitals and clinics. We evaluated the use of a SRT application for mobile device measurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1469491DOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads

Emerging evidence for speeded alphabet printing as a measure of processing speed and working memory.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Mental Health Service VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Alphabet Printing (in the forward and backward order) is a brief and highly portable test with promise as a screening measure of processing speed and simple working memory, constructs which are only minimally assessed in many of the most commonly-used cognitive screening instruments. The aim of this project was to examine the construct validity of timed Alphabet Printing in a sample of 254 Veterans with cognitive complaints and a history of possible head injury. Criterion measures included more established tests of processing speed and simple working memory, including the Trail Making Test and the Digit Span subtest from the fourth edition of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1472094DOI Listing
September 2018
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Neurobehavioral symptom validity and performance validity in veterans: Evidence for distinct outcomes across data types.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a VA San Diego Healthcare System , San Diego , California , USA.

Self-reported traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in combat veterans, and identification of psychiatric and neuropsychological consequences following TBI has become a priority for veteran healthcare. Given the importance of accurately capturing symptoms potentially related to TBI in VA settings, validity metrics are frequently used to evaluate both neuropsychological testing validity and the validity of symptom self-reports. The Validity-10 of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory is one such metric that was designed to evaluate symptom over-reporting and thus identify individuals who may produce inconclusive testing profiles. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1480484DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Psychological disturbance and cognitive functioning in TBI patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Sep 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

a Psychology , University of British Columbia - Okanagan , Kelowna , British Columbia , Canada.

The current study examined psychopathology and neuropsychological test performance in a traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient sample. Previous research has found that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - Second Edition (MMPI-2) indices of psychological disturbance were related to specific neuropsychological tests of attention and memory. Furthermore, higher scores on clinical scale 2 (Depression) and higher scores on the content scales of Fears and Bizarre Mentation of the MMPI-2 were related to poorer performance in, most notably, Attention and List Learning factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1460370DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads