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    391 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Adult[Journal]

    1 OF 8

    Sensory sensitivity and posttraumatic stress disorder in blast exposed veterans with mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a VA Portland Health Care System , Portland , Oregon , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on sensory sensitivity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veteran sample. We hypothesized that the effect of PTSD on noise and light sensitivity following mTBI would be largely driven by PTSD-related hyperarousal symptoms. We compared the relationships between PTSD, noise sensitivity, and light sensitivity of 49 OEF/OIF Veterans with mTBI to that of 23 OEF/OIF Veterans without mTBI. Read More

    The IFS (INECO Frontal Screening) and level of education: Normative data.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Laboratory of Neuropsychology (LNPS) Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCyT), INECO Foundation , Favaloro University , Buenos Aires , Argentina.
    Level of education is known to confound neuropsychological test performance. The INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) is an easy-to-use and brief measure of several domains of executive function, which has previously shown reliably clinical usefulness and superior psychometric performance when compared to other frontal screening instruments. However, previous studies with the IFS have been limited to participants with high levels of education, preventing its generalizability to populations with less than 12 years of formal education. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in chronic post-stroke aphasia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Laboratório de Estudos de Linguagem , Lisbon , Portugal.
    There is a minimal amount of knowledge regarding the cognitive abilities of people with aphasia. We evaluated the performance of individuals with chronic aphasia (AP) and control participants without aphasia (CP) with left hemisphere stroke in a battery of nonverbal cognitive tests and its relationship with aphasia severity, comprehension abilities, and speech fluency in a prospective cross-sectional study. Cognitive evaluation comprised 10 nonverbal tests. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of adults with ADHD: A Delphi consensus study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 9:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.
    Within the clinical evaluation of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cognitive functions are often assessed to characterize individual cognitive problems and guide treatment planning. However, the composition of an adequate neuropsychological assessment battery remains difficult given the large number of cognitive functions that can be distinguished, the variety of available tools to assess these functions, as well as the cognitive heterogeneity that has been observed between individuals with ADHD. Twenty-seven clinicians and researchers experienced in working with adults with ADHD took part in the present study. Read More

    Poststroke delusions: What about the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional basis?
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.
    Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. Read More

    Frontal assessment battery (FAB) performance following traumatic brain injury hospitalized in an acute care setting.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a Department of Psychology , Université de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.
    The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) has been shown to be useful in several clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to examine the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the FAB and to predict their acute outcome. The FAB was administered to 89 patients with mild (27 = uncomplicated and 39 = complicated) and moderate (n = 23) TBI during hospitalization in an acute care setting. Read More

    Reliable change and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychology Status (RBANS) in a heterogeneous dementia sample: Support for reliable change methods but not the MCID.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    c Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatchewan , Canada.
    We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults. Patient RBANS change scores were also compared to suggested MCID anchors. Read More

    Linguistic factors associated with phonemic fluency performance in a sample of bilingual Hispanic undergraduate students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-14. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology, Psychology Clinical Neuroscience Center , University of New Mexico , Albuquerque , New Mexico , USA.
    Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Read More

    Normative data for Farsi-speaking Iranians in the United States on measures of executive functioning.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology , California State University , Northridge , California , USA.
    As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of traumatic brain injury: Current ethical challenges and recommendations for future practice.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Victoria , Victoria , British Columbia , Canada.
    Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Read More

    Evaluating the accuracy of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) logical memory embedded validity index for detecting invalid test performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.
    Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs. Read More

    Assessing the effects of concussion using the C3Logix Test Battery: An exploratory study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Department of Athletics , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Lousiana , USA.
    The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Read More

    Examining a novel performance validity task for the detection of feigned attentional problems.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 18:1-13. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    a Department of Psychology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis of particular significance for college students, as when present it can significantly compromise academic achievement. However, because high-stakes decisions may be riding on the outcome of an ADHD evaluation (such as access to educational accommodations or stimulant medication), the diagnosis is vulnerable to exaggeration or feigning of symptoms or impairment. This study evaluates a novel procedure, the Tests of Attentional Distraction (TOAD), which is a computer-based performance validity measure involving a low difficulty continuous performance task that directly and obviously targets attentional function. Read More

    Role of clinical neuropsychology in deep brain stimulation: Review of the literature and considerations for clinicians.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 13:1-14. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    a Russell Cairns Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Oxford , UK.
    Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. Read More

    Relationship between smell identification testing and the neuropsychological assessment of dementia in community-dwelling adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 28:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    a Department of Psychology and Counseling , University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler , Texas , USA.
    The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) with neuropsychological tests and identify the utility of the UPSIT in detecting cognitive impairment. This research was an archival study of neuropsychological test results obtained from 70 clients (30 male/40 female) of a community-based memory clinic. The sample had an average age of 69. Read More

    Objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems in veterans initiating psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: An exploratory study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 27:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    m Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research , Minneapolis VA Healthcare System , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.
    The prevalence of cognitive impairment in Veterans initiating an evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not yet established and has implications for service delivery. Our objectives were to (1) describe the type, severity, and prevalence of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems experienced by Veterans at the time they began an EBP for PTSD and (2) determine whether assessments of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems agree. We conducted objective and subjective (self-report) cognitive assessments in a sample of 38 Veterans initiating EBP for PTSD at one Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Read More

    Performance discrepancies on the Boston Naming Test in African-American and non-Hispanic White American young adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Read More

    An index of decline or recovery following nonimpact and impact mTBI.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest). Nonimpact mTBI subjects showed significantly greater neurocognitive decline than Impact mTBI participants and, interestingly, Impact mTBI individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with no diagnosis of mTBI. Read More

    Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression: A comparison of stability and course.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    d Department of Medical Statistics, Computer Sciences and Documentation , Jena University Hospital , Jena , Germany.
    Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Read More

    Aggregating validity indicators: The salience of domain specificity and the indeterminate range in multivariate models of performance validity assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 7:1-18. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.
    This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied. Data from a mixed clinical sample of 234 adults referred for cognitive evaluation (M = 46. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in long-term cancer survivorship: A survey utilizing both standardized neuropsychological and self-report measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 3:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Centro di Riferimento Oncologico , Unit of Oncological Psychology , Aviano , Italy.
    Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions. Read More

    Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a Center for Research on Applied Gerontology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Read More

    Improving post-stroke cognitive and behavioral abnormalities by using virtual reality: A case report on a novel use of nirvana.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo , " Messina , Italy.
    Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction). Read More

    Private speech in simultaneous and early Spanish/English bilinguals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.
    This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g. Read More

    Virtual Apartment-Based Stroop for assessing distractor inhibition in healthy aging.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. Read More

    Cross-sectional associations between metabolic syndrome and performance across cognitive domains: A systematic review.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 25:1-14. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    a School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Australia.
    This review aimed to systematically evaluate associations between the Metabolic Syndrome and domain specific cognitive performance from cross-sectional studies. PsycINFO and Medline were searched on 12 January 2017 with the terms "Metabolic Syndrome" and "cogni*." A total of 973 articles were identified, with 26 meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

    Use of virtual reality in improving poststroke neglect: Promising neuropsychological and neurophysiological findings from a case study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 22:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" Messina , Messina , Italy.
    After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood. Read More

    Relationship between reading and long-term storage and retrieval (Glr) in college students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 21:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    a Department of Educational Psychology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , Connecticut , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding. They were also given two pairs of Glr subtests that consisted of immediate and delayed versions from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (KABC-II). Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Department of Neurology , Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition in a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    b Department of Psychology , University of British Columbia Okanagan , Kelowna , Canada.
    This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Read More

    Differential neural activation when voluntarily regulating emotions in service members with chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    c Department of Psychology , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome of a case of Susac syndrome: A two-year follow-up study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Hurstwood Park Neurological Centre , Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust , Brighton , United Kingdom.
    Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome. Read More

    Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: A computerized performance validity test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b School of Psychology , University of Minho , Braga , Portugal.
    Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Read More

    Cognitive intervention for early stage dementia: Research and techniques.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a Private Practice, Founder and Chief Medical Officer, SMART Brain Aging, Inc , Scottsdale , AZ , USA.
    Dementia is a growing world-wide phenomenon, impacting more than six million people in the United States. Despite its high projected prevalence, it is a significantly under-estimated phenomena, with estimates ranging from 15 to 25% of the current U.S. Read More

    Investigating patterns of memory impairment in ischemic stroke in an iranian population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    b Department of Neurology , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.
    Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in order to help therapists to develop more appropriate memory rehabilitation programs for the patients. Read More

    Assault-related mild traumatic brain injury, expectations of injury outcome, and the effect of different perpetrators: A vignette study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
    Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). Read More

    Use of the Rey 15-Item Test as a performance validity test in an elderly population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    c Carter Psychology Center , Bradenton , Florida.
    The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Rey 15-Item Test in elderly individuals with and without cognitive impairment and to develop new indices to function with this population, if needed. The sample consisted of 185 individuals referred for outpatient neuropsychological evaluation. All were clinically evaluated and administered the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT) with recognition as part of this procedure. Read More

    Verbal episodic memory profiles in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND): A comparison with Huntington's disease and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California.
    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e. Read More

    Halstead-Reitan characteristics of nonimpact and impact mTBI litigants and insurance claimants.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible neuropsychological differences in Halstead-Reitan characteristics between motor vehicle accident litigants and insurance claimants that sustained uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and did or did not sustain direct impact to the head (i.e., Impact vs. Read More

    Cost of malingering mild traumatic brain injury-related cognitive deficits during compensation and pension evaluations in the veterans benefits administration.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 17:1-16. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    c Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Salisbury , North Carolina , USA.
    Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40. Read More

    Performance on naturalistic virtual reality tasks depends on global cognitive functioning as assessed via traditional neurocognitive tests.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 14:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    a EPCV, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias (ULHT) , Lisbon , Portugal.
    This investigation sought to understand whether performance in naturalistic virtual reality tasks for cognitive assessment relates to the cognitive domains that are supposed to be measured. The Shoe Closet Test (SCT) was developed based on a simple visual search task involving attention skills, in which participants have to match each pair of shoes with the colors of the compartments in a virtual shoe closet. The interaction within the virtual environment was made using the Microsoft Kinect. Read More

    Construct validity of the UCSD performance-based skills assessment-brief version (UPSA-B) in HIV disease.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 25:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    b Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California , USA.
    Among individuals living with HIV disease, approximately 60% experience problems with everyday functioning. The present study investigated the utility of the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment-Brief Version (UPSA-B) as a measure of functional capacity in HIV. We utilized a cross-sectional three-group design comparing individuals with HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) (HIV + HAND+; n = 27), HIV+ neurocognitively normal individuals (HIV + HAND-; n = 51), and an HIV- comparison group (HIV-; n = 28) with broadly comparable demographics and non-HIV comorbidities. Read More

    Enhanced detection of feigned cognitive impairment using per item response time measurements in the Word Memory Test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 11:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.
    Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Read More

    Neurocognitive profile of HIV-positive adults on combined antiretroviral therapy: A single-centre study in Serbia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    c Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Vojvodina , University of Novi Sad , Serbia.
    The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia. Read More

    Verbal Selective Reminding Test (six-trial administration): Regression-based norms for a portuguese version.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a BRU-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , Lisboa , Portugal.
    The Verbal Selective Reminding Test (VSRT) is a widely used measure to evaluate verbal learning and memory associated with different neurological conditions. The goal of this study was to extend the use of the six-version trial of this test to the Portuguese population, through the production of adjusted normative data. The normative sample consists of 309 healthy participants aged between 20 and 70, with an educational level ranging from 4 to 23 years of formal. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition in a stroke population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    a University of British Columbia Okanagan and Department of Psychology, Kelowna General Hospital , Kelowna , British Columbia , Canada.
    There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Read More

    Validity of a verbal incidental learning measure from the WAIS-IV in older adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 2:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    c VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL. Read More

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