406 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology. Adult[Journal]


Introduction to the special section on positive neuropsychology.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):285-286

c Department of Psychiatry , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Lebanon , New Hampshire , USA.

View Article

Role of positive lifestyle activities on mood, cognition, well-being, and disease characteristics in multiple sclerosis.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):304-311

c Department of Psychiatry , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth College , Hanover , New Hampshire , USA.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS. Read More

View Article

Neuropsychologists as primary care providers of cognitive health: A novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):318-326

b Neurobehavioral Medicine Consultants, Ltd , Elmhurst , Illinois , USA.

By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions. Read More

View Article

The positive side of effort: A review of the impact of motivation and engagement on neuropsychological performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):312-317

a Department of Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , Alabama , USA.

Almost the entirety of research on effort in clinical neuropsychology has focused on negative aspects of effort in neuropsychological assessment, with most work over the last 20 years emphasizing feigned cognitive impairment. In contrast, few studies have explored trait-level positive influences on motivation and engagement in regard to neuropsychological testing. This paper reviews potential constructs associated with positive aspects of effort in neuropsychological testing, including conation, grit, Need for Cognition, and personality factors from the Five Factor Model of personality (Big Five). Read More

View Article

Positive psychology perspective on traumatic brain injury recovery and rehabilitation.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):295-303

b Department of Psychology , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania , USA.

Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Read More

View Article

Positive neuropsychology: The science and practice of promoting cognitive health.

Authors:
John J Randolph

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):287-294

a Department of Psychiatry , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Lebanon , New Hampshire , USA.

Positive psychology has influenced multiple subfields within psychology and areas outside of psychology. While positive psychology's focus on positive mental health and character strengths did not appear to meaningfully impact neuropsychology in its earlier stages, more recent indications suggest that the neuropsychological literature, and perhaps the field as a whole, has begun to embrace related research and practice applications. In this context, positive neuropsychology has emerged as a neuropsychological orientation focused on the study and practice of promoting cognitive health. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Neuropsychological function in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Authors:
Janice Nici Jim Hom

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 May 4:1-9. Epub 2018 May 4.

a The Neuropsychology Center, PC , Plano , Texas , USA.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major and growing health problem. Brain-related effects of type 2 DM have been studied in several ways over the past few decades. Results have shown effects on brain structure, incidence of dementia, and impairment of various cognitive functions. Read More

View Article

Verbal intelligence in bilinguals when measured in L1 and L2.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.

This study was aimed at studying the Verbal IQ in two groups of Spanish/English bilinguals: simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals. 48 Spanish/English bilinguals born in the U.S. Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

What neuropsychological functions best discriminate performance in adults post-stroke?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-13. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul , Departamento de Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e da Personalidade, Porto Alegre , Brazil.

This study aimed to develop a short version of an instrument to detect cognitive impairment in stroke patients, investigate which cognitive dimensions best discriminate between stroke patients and healthy adults and to graphically analyze the relationships among the neuropsychological variables and groups. This pilot study included 94 adults (49 post-stroke and 45 neurologically healthy) who answered the Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery NEUPSILIN for patients with expressive aphasia (NEUPSILIN-Af) to assess orientation, perception, memory, praxis, executive functions, oral language, and academic achievement (written language and arithmetic). The IRT Rasch model for dichotomous data indicated the exclusion of items that could not be used to discriminate performances. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Preoperative verbal memory problems and their clinical prognostic value in meningioma patients: A prospective study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Neuroscience Institute , Lithuanian University of Health Sciences , Kaunas , Lithuania.

This study aimed to evaluate clinical utility of The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) for assessment of preoperative memory function in meningioma patients and to investigate prognostic value of memory assessment in predicting outcomes after meningioma excision surgery. A total of 93 meningioma patients were assessed 2-3 days preoperatively using HVLT-R, and EORTC QLQ-30 and QLQ-BN20. Functional outcome at discharge was evaluated using The Glasgow Outcome Scale. Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

Posttraumatic stress disorder after a first-ever intracerebral hemorrhage in the Chinese population: A pilot study.

Authors:
Che Jiang

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-8. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Department of Neurology , Guangzhou Military General Hospital , Guangzhou , China.

The objective of this study was to reveal the prevalence, associated risk factors, and long-term outcomes of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Consecutive patients admitted to our institute from January 2016 to September 2016 for a first-ever ICH were asked to participate in our study. PTSD was determined with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition; DSM-5), and questionnaires on mental and physical status were used. Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

Comparing the Open Trial - Selective Reminding Test results with the California Learning Verbal Test II in multiple sclerosis.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

a Kessler Foundation, Neuropsychology and Neuroscience , West Orange , New Jersey , USA.

We compared the California Learning Verbal Test II (CVLT II) and the Open Trial-Selective Reminding Test (OT-SRT) in assessing learning in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. One-hundred and twelve participants with multiple sclerosis performed the OT-SRT and the CVLT II on two different days. All participants completed additional cognitive tests assessing information processing speed (IPS), working memory (WM), and executive functions (EF). Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

Characteristics of dementia patients who described or did not describe the relationship between two people on the COGNISTAT speech sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 26:1-6. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

a Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences , Sagamihara-shi , Kanagawa , Japan.

Speech sample of Cognitive Status Examination (COGNISTAT) is a task in which examinees freely talk about what is happening in a presented picture. We investigated whether there are differences in the characteristics between patients who described or did not describe the relationship between two people in the speech sample based on age, gender, cognitive dysfunction, and type of dementia (Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies). The participants were 60-year-old or older patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies who undertook the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and COGNISTAT at a general hospital specialized in care for the elderly. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Assess BA10 activity in slide-based and immersive virtual reality prospective memory task using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

a Graduate School of System Informatics , Kobe University , Kobe , Japan.

By using slide-based task in a laboratory setting, previous studies have found that activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (BA10) is related to prospective memory performance. In this present study, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) technology to measure PM performance in a real-life task in a simulated virtual environment. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used simultaneously to record the rostral prefrontal cortex activities of the subjects. Read More

View Article
March 2018
3 Reads

A situation-specific approach to measure attention in adults with ADHD: The everyday life attention scale (ELAS).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 14:1-30. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

a Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

This study describes the development and utility of a new self-report measure of attentional capacities of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Different from previous attention scales, attentional capacities are rated for nine everyday situations. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Classification accuracy of individual and combined executive functioning embedded performance validity measures in mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 9:1-10. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

c Psychology , University of Tulsa , Tulsa , Oklahoma , USA.

The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Executive, language, or both? An examination of the construct validity of verbal fluency measures.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 7:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

a Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , Alabama.

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether phonemic and semantic verbal fluency were more related to aspects of language processing than executive functioning (EF). An exploratory factor analysis was performed on a college-aged sample of 320 healthy participants using principle axis factoring and promax rotation on nine measures of EF. The first three factors, labeled: working memory, fluid reasoning, and shifting/updating, were extracted and used as latent executive variables. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Visual search in unilateral spatial neglect: The effects of distractors on a dynamic visual search task.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

d Behavioral Neurology Research Group , Mar Institute of Medical Research Foundation (FIMIM) , Barcelona , Spain.

The objective of this study was to examine visual scanning performance in patients with Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) in a visual search task. Thirty-one right hemisphere stroke patients with USN were recruited. They performed a dynamic visual search task with two conditions, with and without distractors, while eye movements were monitored with an eye-tracker. Read More

View Article
February 2018
4 Reads

Sensory sensitivity and posttraumatic stress disorder in blast exposed veterans with mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

a VA Portland Health Care System , Portland , Oregon , USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on sensory sensitivity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veteran sample. We hypothesized that the effect of PTSD on noise and light sensitivity following mTBI would be largely driven by PTSD-related hyperarousal symptoms. We compared the relationships between PTSD, noise sensitivity, and light sensitivity of 49 OEF/OIF Veterans with mTBI to that of 23 OEF/OIF Veterans without mTBI. Read More

View Article
February 2018
1 Read

The IFS (INECO Frontal Screening) and level of education: Normative data.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

a Laboratory of Neuropsychology (LNPS) Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCyT), INECO Foundation , Favaloro University , Buenos Aires , Argentina.

Level of education is known to confound neuropsychological test performance. The INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) is an easy-to-use and brief measure of several domains of executive function, which has previously shown reliably clinical usefulness and superior psychometric performance when compared to other frontal screening instruments. However, previous studies with the IFS have been limited to participants with high levels of education, preventing its generalizability to populations with less than 12 years of formal education. Read More

View Article
February 2018
12 Reads

Cognitive functioning in chronic post-stroke aphasia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

a Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Laboratório de Estudos de Linguagem , Lisbon , Portugal.

There is a minimal amount of knowledge regarding the cognitive abilities of people with aphasia. We evaluated the performance of individuals with chronic aphasia (AP) and control participants without aphasia (CP) with left hemisphere stroke in a battery of nonverbal cognitive tests and its relationship with aphasia severity, comprehension abilities, and speech fluency in a prospective cross-sectional study. Cognitive evaluation comprised 10 nonverbal tests. Read More

View Article
February 2018
2 Reads

Neuropsychological assessment of adults with ADHD: A Delphi consensus study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 9:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Within the clinical evaluation of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cognitive functions are often assessed to characterize individual cognitive problems and guide treatment planning. However, the composition of an adequate neuropsychological assessment battery remains difficult given the large number of cognitive functions that can be distinguished, the variety of available tools to assess these functions, as well as the cognitive heterogeneity that has been observed between individuals with ADHD. Twenty-seven clinicians and researchers experienced in working with adults with ADHD took part in the present study. Read More

View Article
February 2018
3 Reads

Birth of a field: Neuroscience of creativity.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 29:1-3. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

b Yale University , Connecticut , USA.

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

Poststroke delusions: What about the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional basis?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.

Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. Read More

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

Frontal assessment battery (FAB) performance following traumatic brain injury hospitalized in an acute care setting.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

a Department of Psychology , Université de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) has been shown to be useful in several clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to examine the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the FAB and to predict their acute outcome. The FAB was administered to 89 patients with mild (27 = uncomplicated and 39 = complicated) and moderate (n = 23) TBI during hospitalization in an acute care setting. Read More

View Article
January 2018
4 Reads

Reliable change and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychology Status (RBANS) in a heterogeneous dementia sample: Support for reliable change methods but not the MCID.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

c Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatchewan , Canada.

We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults. Patient RBANS change scores were also compared to suggested MCID anchors. Read More

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

Linguistic factors associated with phonemic fluency performance in a sample of bilingual Hispanic undergraduate students.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-14. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

b Department of Psychology, Psychology Clinical Neuroscience Center , University of New Mexico , Albuquerque , New Mexico , USA.

Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Read More

View Article
January 2018
4 Reads

Normative data for Farsi-speaking Iranians in the United States on measures of executive functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

b Department of Psychology , California State University , Northridge , California , USA.

As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores. Read More

View Article
January 2018
2 Reads

Neuropsychological assessment of traumatic brain injury: Current ethical challenges and recommendations for future practice.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

a Department of Psychology , University of Victoria , Victoria , British Columbia , Canada.

Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Read More

View Article
January 2018
4 Reads

Evaluating the accuracy of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) logical memory embedded validity index for detecting invalid test performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

b Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.

Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs. Read More

View Article
January 2018
6 Reads

Assessing the effects of concussion using the C3Logix Test Battery: An exploratory study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

b Department of Athletics , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Lousiana , USA.

The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Read More

View Article
January 2018
2 Reads

Examining a novel performance validity task for the detection of feigned attentional problems.

Authors:
Leslie C Morey

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 18:1-13. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

a Department of Psychology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis of particular significance for college students, as when present it can significantly compromise academic achievement. However, because high-stakes decisions may be riding on the outcome of an ADHD evaluation (such as access to educational accommodations or stimulant medication), the diagnosis is vulnerable to exaggeration or feigning of symptoms or impairment. This study evaluates a novel procedure, the Tests of Attentional Distraction (TOAD), which is a computer-based performance validity measure involving a low difficulty continuous performance task that directly and obviously targets attentional function. Read More

View Article
December 2017
5 Reads

Role of clinical neuropsychology in deep brain stimulation: Review of the literature and considerations for clinicians.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 13:1-14. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

a Russell Cairns Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Oxford , UK.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. Read More

View Article
December 2017
6 Reads

Relationship between smell identification testing and the neuropsychological assessment of dementia in community-dwelling adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 28:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

a Department of Psychology and Counseling , University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler , Texas , USA.

The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) with neuropsychological tests and identify the utility of the UPSIT in detecting cognitive impairment. This research was an archival study of neuropsychological test results obtained from 70 clients (30 male/40 female) of a community-based memory clinic. The sample had an average age of 69. Read More

View Article
November 2017
3 Reads

Objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems in veterans initiating psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: An exploratory study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 27:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

m Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research , Minneapolis VA Healthcare System , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.

The prevalence of cognitive impairment in Veterans initiating an evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not yet established and has implications for service delivery. Our objectives were to (1) describe the type, severity, and prevalence of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems experienced by Veterans at the time they began an EBP for PTSD and (2) determine whether assessments of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems agree. We conducted objective and subjective (self-report) cognitive assessments in a sample of 38 Veterans initiating EBP for PTSD at one Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Read More

View Article
November 2017
5 Reads

Performance discrepancies on the Boston Naming Test in African-American and non-Hispanic White American young adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

a Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.

The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Read More

View Article
November 2017
6 Reads

An index of decline or recovery following nonimpact and impact mTBI.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.

This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest). Nonimpact mTBI subjects showed significantly greater neurocognitive decline than Impact mTBI participants and, interestingly, Impact mTBI individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with no diagnosis of mTBI. Read More

View Article
November 2017
3 Reads

Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression: A comparison of stability and course.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

d Department of Medical Statistics, Computer Sciences and Documentation , Jena University Hospital , Jena , Germany.

Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Read More

View Article
November 2017
4 Reads

Aggregating validity indicators: The salience of domain specificity and the indeterminate range in multivariate models of performance validity assessment.

Authors:
Laszlo A Erdodi

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 7:1-18. Epub 2017 Nov 7.

a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.

This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied. Data from a mixed clinical sample of 234 adults referred for cognitive evaluation (M = 46. Read More

View Article
November 2017
4 Reads

Cognitive functioning in long-term cancer survivorship: A survey utilizing both standardized neuropsychological and self-report measures.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 3:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

a Centro di Riferimento Oncologico , Unit of Oncological Psychology , Aviano , Italy.

Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions. Read More

View Article
November 2017
7 Reads

Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

a Center for Research on Applied Gerontology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.

The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Read More

View Article
October 2017
9 Reads

Improving post-stroke cognitive and behavioral abnormalities by using virtual reality: A case report on a novel use of nirvana.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo , " Messina , Italy.

Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction). Read More

View Article
October 2017
6 Reads

Private speech in simultaneous and early Spanish/English bilinguals.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.

This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g. Read More

View Article
October 2017
5 Reads

Virtual Apartment-Based Stroop for assessing distractor inhibition in healthy aging.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.

Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. Read More

View Article
October 2017
3 Reads

Cross-sectional associations between metabolic syndrome and performance across cognitive domains: A systematic review.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 25:1-14. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

a School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Australia.

This review aimed to systematically evaluate associations between the Metabolic Syndrome and domain specific cognitive performance from cross-sectional studies. PsycINFO and Medline were searched on 12 January 2017 with the terms "Metabolic Syndrome" and "cogni*." A total of 973 articles were identified, with 26 meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article
September 2017
8 Reads

Use of virtual reality in improving poststroke neglect: Promising neuropsychological and neurophysiological findings from a case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 22:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" Messina , Messina , Italy.

After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood. Read More

View Article
September 2017
8 Reads

Relationship between reading and long-term storage and retrieval (Glr) in college students.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 21:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

a Department of Educational Psychology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , Connecticut , USA.

The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding. They were also given two pairs of Glr subtests that consisted of immediate and delayed versions from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (KABC-II). Read More

View Article
September 2017
8 Reads

Psychometric properties of the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

a Department of Neurology , Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.

The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Read More

View Article
September 2017
5 Reads

Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition in a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

b Department of Psychology , University of British Columbia Okanagan , Kelowna , Canada.

This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Read More

View Article
September 2017
9 Reads

Differential neural activation when voluntarily regulating emotions in service members with chronic mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

c Department of Psychology , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.

The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. Read More

View Article
September 2017
6 Reads