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    1127 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]

    1 OF 23

    Relationship between reading and long-term storage and retrieval (Glr) in college students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 21:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    a Department of Educational Psychology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , Connecticut , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding. They were also given two pairs of Glr subtests that consisted of immediate and delayed versions from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (KABC-II). Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Department of Neurology , Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition in a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    b Department of Psychology , University of British Columbia Okanagan , Kelowna , Canada.
    This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Read More

    Differential neural activation when voluntarily regulating emotions in service members with chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    c Department of Psychology , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome of a case of Susac syndrome: A two-year follow-up study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Hurstwood Park Neurological Centre , Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust , Brighton , United Kingdom.
    Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome. Read More

    Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: A computerized performance validity test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b School of Psychology , University of Minho , Braga , Portugal.
    Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Read More

    Cognitive intervention for early stage dementia: Research and techniques.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a Private Practice, Founder and Chief Medical Officer, SMART Brain Aging, Inc , Scottsdale , AZ , USA.
    Dementia is a growing world-wide phenomenon, impacting more than six million people in the United States. Despite its high projected prevalence, it is a significantly under-estimated phenomena, with estimates ranging from 15 to 25% of the current U.S. Read More

    Investigating patterns of memory impairment in ischemic stroke in an iranian population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    b Department of Neurology , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.
    Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in order to help therapists to develop more appropriate memory rehabilitation programs for the patients. Read More

    Assault-related mild traumatic brain injury, expectations of injury outcome, and the effect of different perpetrators: A vignette study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
    Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). Read More

    Use of the Rey 15-Item Test as a performance validity test in an elderly population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    c Carter Psychology Center , Bradenton , Florida.
    The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Rey 15-Item Test in elderly individuals with and without cognitive impairment and to develop new indices to function with this population, if needed. The sample consisted of 185 individuals referred for outpatient neuropsychological evaluation. All were clinically evaluated and administered the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT) with recognition as part of this procedure. Read More

    Verbal episodic memory profiles in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND): A comparison with Huntington's disease and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California.
    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e. Read More

    Halstead-Reitan characteristics of nonimpact and impact mTBI litigants and insurance claimants.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible neuropsychological differences in Halstead-Reitan characteristics between motor vehicle accident litigants and insurance claimants that sustained uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and did or did not sustain direct impact to the head (i.e., Impact vs. Read More

    Cost of malingering mild traumatic brain injury-related cognitive deficits during compensation and pension evaluations in the veterans benefits administration.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 17:1-16. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    c Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Salisbury , North Carolina , USA.
    Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40. Read More

    Performance on naturalistic virtual reality tasks depends on global cognitive functioning as assessed via traditional neurocognitive tests.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 14:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    a EPCV, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias (ULHT) , Lisbon , Portugal.
    This investigation sought to understand whether performance in naturalistic virtual reality tasks for cognitive assessment relates to the cognitive domains that are supposed to be measured. The Shoe Closet Test (SCT) was developed based on a simple visual search task involving attention skills, in which participants have to match each pair of shoes with the colors of the compartments in a virtual shoe closet. The interaction within the virtual environment was made using the Microsoft Kinect. Read More

    Construct validity of the UCSD performance-based skills assessment-brief version (UPSA-B) in HIV disease.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 25:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    b Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California , USA.
    Among individuals living with HIV disease, approximately 60% experience problems with everyday functioning. The present study investigated the utility of the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment-Brief Version (UPSA-B) as a measure of functional capacity in HIV. We utilized a cross-sectional three-group design comparing individuals with HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) (HIV + HAND+; n = 27), HIV+ neurocognitively normal individuals (HIV + HAND-; n = 51), and an HIV- comparison group (HIV-; n = 28) with broadly comparable demographics and non-HIV comorbidities. Read More

    Developing ADHD in preschool: Testing the dual pathway model of temperament.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 14:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    b Center of Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation , University of Bremen , Bremen , Germany.
    The dual pathway model of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) suggests that effortful control and positive approach, or surgency, are independent pathways leading to ADHD. This model has been proven on the basis of temperament in school children, however not in preschool children. In this study we tested whether the dual pathway model of ADHD can be replicated in preschool children using temperamental measures. Read More

    Use of the 21-Item Test with children and adolescents 5 to 16 years of age.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 14:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    b Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin.
    The goals of the present study were to: (a) collect preliminary normative data on the 21-Item Test in children and adolescents and to determine if cutoffs for biased responding in adults can be generalized to a younger population; (b) determine if Caucasian and Hispanic children perform differently on the test; and (c) ascertain the relationships of age and verbal intelligence with effort test performance. The 21-Item Test was administered to 153 children attending either a public (n = 96) or private (n = 57) school. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) was also administered to the private school sample. Read More

    Enhanced detection of feigned cognitive impairment using per item response time measurements in the Word Memory Test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 11:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.
    Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Read More

    Separating math from anxiety: The role of inhibitory mechanisms.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 6:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    d Department of General Psychology , University of Padova , Padova , Italy.
    Deficits in executive functions have been hypothesized and documented for children with severe mathematics anxiety (MA) or developmental dyscalculia, but the role of inhibition-related processes has not been specifically explored. The main aim of the present study was to shed further light on the specificity of these profiles in children in terms of working memory (WM) and the inhibitory functions involved. Four groups of children between 8 and 10 years old were selected: one group with developmental dyscalculia (DD) and no MA, one with severe MA and developmental dyscalculia (MA-DD), one with severe MA and no DD (MA), and one with typical development (TD). Read More

    Neurocognitive profile of HIV-positive adults on combined antiretroviral therapy: A single-centre study in Serbia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    c Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Vojvodina , University of Novi Sad , Serbia.
    The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia. Read More

    Verbal Selective Reminding Test (six-trial administration): Regression-based norms for a portuguese version.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a BRU-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , Lisboa , Portugal.
    The Verbal Selective Reminding Test (VSRT) is a widely used measure to evaluate verbal learning and memory associated with different neurological conditions. The goal of this study was to extend the use of the six-version trial of this test to the Portuguese population, through the production of adjusted normative data. The normative sample consists of 309 healthy participants aged between 20 and 70, with an educational level ranging from 4 to 23 years of formal. Read More

    Patterns of referral in high school concussion management programs: A pilot study of consultants from different disciplines.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 28:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    c Center for Brain, Biology, and Behavior , University of Nebraska-Lincoln , Lincoln , Nebraska.
    School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition in a stroke population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    a University of British Columbia Okanagan and Department of Psychology, Kelowna General Hospital , Kelowna , British Columbia , Canada.
    There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Read More

    The BEVPS: A new test battery to assess visual perceptual and spatial processing abilities in 5-14 year-old children.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 20:1-17. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    d Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, Psychology Department , FPSE - University of Geneva , Genève , Switzerland.
    This study aims to examine the different levels of visual perceptual object recognition (early, intermediate, and late) defined in Humphreys and Riddoch's model as well as basic visual spatial processing in children using a new test battery (BEVPS). It focuses on the age sensitivity, internal coherence, theoretical validity, and convergent validity of this battery. French-speaking, typically developing children (n = 179; 5 to 14 years) were assessed using 15 new computerized subtests. Read More

    Validity of a verbal incidental learning measure from the WAIS-IV in older adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 2:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    c VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL. Read More

    Impact of rapport on neuropsychological test performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 1:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Guides to neuropsychological assessment emphasize the importance of establishing rapport; however, there has been a minimal amount of empirical investigation of the impact of rapport on neuropsychological test performance. In this experiment, participants (N = 98) were randomly assigned to take neuropsychological tests in either a high or low rapport condition. Results showed that we were able to manipulate the level of rapport and that the level of rapport had a significant effect on the Grooved Pegboard Test and the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, with other tests nearing statistical significance. Read More

    Evidence of practice effect in CANTAB spatial working memory test in a cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-12. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Center for Memory Disturbances, Section of Neurology , University of Perugia , Perugia , Italy.
    The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a system of neuropsychological tests frequently used to track the progression of cognitive deficits in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated test-retest reliability in seven CANTAB tests. Twenty-five MCI patients, with either AD-like or conflicting/normal cerebrospinal fluid profiles underwent three testing sessions at 6-month intervals, including the following tests: Reaction Time and Rapid Visual Information Processing (assessing attention and reaction times); Delayed Matching-to-Sample, Paired Associates Learning, Spatial Recognition Memory and Pattern Recognition Memory (assessing memory); Spatial Working Memory (assessing executive functions). Read More

    Development of a scale of executive functioning for the RBANS.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-6. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Mental Health Service, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a cognitive battery that contains scales of several cognitive abilities, but no scale in the instrument is exclusively dedicated to executive functioning. Although the subtests allow for observation of executive-type errors, each error is of fairly low base rate, and healthy and clinical normative data are lacking on the frequency of these types of errors, making their significance difficult to interpret in isolation. The aim of this project was to create an RBANS executive errors scale (RBANS EE) with items comprised of qualitatively dysexecutive errors committed throughout the test. Read More

    Accuracy statistics in predicting Independent Activities of Daily Living (IADL) capacity with comprehensive and brief neuropsychological test batteries.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford Health Care , Palo Alto , California , USA.
    This investigation was designed to determine the predictive accuracy of a comprehensive neuropsychological and brief neuropsychological test battery with regard to the capacity to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Accuracy statistics that included measures of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predicted power and positive likelihood ratio were calculated for both types of batteries. The sample was drawn from a general neurological group of adults (n = 117) that included a number of older participants (age >55; n = 38). Read More

    Computerized neuropsychological test performance of youth football players at different positions: A comparison of high and low contact players.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 28:1-7. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    e Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , USA.
    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of head impact frequency on the neuropsychological test results of football players who participate in different positions on the team. Based on the biomechanical measures of head impact frequency reported in high school football, a High Contact group (n = 480) consisting of offensive and defensive linemen was compared with a Low Contact group (n = 640) comprised of receivers and defensive backs. The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained poorer performances on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) on three Composite scores (Verbal Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control) and the Total Symptom score compared to the Low Contact group. Read More

    Cognitive functions among predominantly minority urban adolescents with metabolic syndrome.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Department of Psychiatry , New York University School of Medicine , New York , NY , USA.
    The rise in the rate of adolescent obesity has led to a concurrent rise in the rate of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among young people. In addition to diabetes and cardiovascular disease, MetS has also been linked to cognitive dysfunction. The goal of this study was to assess whether cognitive differences exist between minority urban adolescents carrying excess weight who meet criteria for MetS as compared to their peers without MetS. Read More

    Improving kindergarten readiness in children with developmental disabilities: Changes in neural correlates of response monitoring.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-13. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    c Department of Psychology , University of Oregon , Eugene , Oregon , USA.
    Among children diagnosed with developmental delays, difficulties in self-regulation are prominent and have been linked to school readiness problems. The current study sought to examine the impact of the Kids in Transition to School (KITS) school readiness intervention program on self-regulation, with a specific focus on response monitoring skills, among children with developmental delays. Children (n = 20 in the KITS group and n = 21 in a services as usual group) were administered a flanker task during which event-related potential data were collected to examine group differences in response monitoring. Read More

    Reasons for referral and findings of clinical neuropsychological assessment in youth with mental illness: A clinical file audit.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-11. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health , Parkville , Victoria , Australia.
    Study aims were to 1) determine the characteristics and reasons for referral for Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment (CNA) and 2) characterize the findings and recommendations contained in the CNA reports, of clients attending a youth mental health service. File audit of all CNA reports (N = 140) of youth attending a mental health service. Cognitive performances on neuropsychological tests that were administered to >50% of clients were examined. Read More

    Executive functioning of Portuguese preschoolers in the Shape School test: A cross cultural study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health (CIIS) , Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa , Lisbon , Portugal.
    The Shape School is a neuropsychological test of executive functions (EF) for preschool-aged children. The purposes of this study were: (a) to adapt the use of the Shape School for European Portuguese preschool children and (b) to examine the cultural sensitivity of this test comparing the performance of Portuguese sample and U.S. Read More

    Short-term test-retest reliability of the ImPACT in healthy young athletes.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.
    The present study examined the short-term test-retest reliability of the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) variables with healthy 11- to 14-year-old athletes. 53 young athletes (Mage = 12.4 years, 9 female) were administered the ImPACT on two separate occasions two weeks apart. Read More

    Evidence-based assessment of ADHD diagnosis in children and adolescents.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    a NCS Pearson , San Antonio , TX , USA.
    This study illustrates the accuracy and efficiency of using an evidence-based assessment (EBA) strategy for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by integrating the scale scores obtained on BASC-3 teacher and parent rating scales. The examined process used empirical diagnostic likelihood ratios (DLRs) derived from a sample of children with ADHD (N = 339) matched on demographic characteristics from the normative sample. The results show that behavioral scales of executive functioning and functional communication provided incremental utility in ADHD diagnosis. Read More

    School-based multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS): An introduction to MTSS for neuropsychologists.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 14:1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a Department of Counseling Educational Psychology and Special Education , Michigan State University , East Lansing , Michigan , USA.
    When completing pediatric neuropsychological evaluations, it is important for clinicians to incorporate data from children's school environments. Today, the educational data available to neuropsychologists have resulted from the utilization of multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) within schools; however, practitioners may lack knowledge and/or training in this school-based approach to assessment and intervention. Better understanding of MTSS may aid pediatric neuropsychologists in their interpretation and use of educational data commonly provided by schools. Read More

    Correlates of verbal learning and memory after pediatric traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 14:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a Department of Psychology , Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital , Grand Rapids , Michigan , USA.
    This study examined the role of injury-related variables, socioeconomic disadvantage, and preexisting conditions on verbal learning and memory in a sample of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We also explored the mediating effect of processing speed and working memory. One hundred children aged 7-16 years (M = 13. Read More

    Computerized cognitive testing norms in active-duty military personnel: Potential for contamination by psychologically unhealthy individuals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 12:1-7. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    a AnthroTronix, Inc. , Silver Spring , Maryland , USA.
    Normative reference data used for clinical interpretation of neuropsychological testing results are only valid to the extent that the sample they are based on is composed of "normal" individuals. Accordingly, efforts are made to exclude individuals with histories and/or diagnoses that might bias test performance. In this report, we focus on these features in active-duty military personnel because published data on computerized neurocognitive testing norms for this population have not explicitly considered the consequences of neurobehavioral disorders (e. Read More

    Comparing the test of practical judgment with the neuropsychological assessment battery judgment subtest in a neurodegenerative disease clinic population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 12:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    a Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health , Las Vegas , Nevada , USA.
    The Test of Practical Judgment (TOP-J) and the Judgment subtest from the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB-JDG) are both brief interview-based measures that assess judgment. This study compared estimates of judgment obtained from these measures in a neurodegenerative disease population. Records from 61 referrals seen for neuropsychological evaluation in a neurodegenerative disorders clinic were reviewed. Read More

    Cognitive reserve is not associated with improved performance in all cognitive domains.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 8:1-13. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    a Cognitive Ageing and Impairment Neurosciences Laboratory, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Adelaide , South Australia , Australia.
    Cognitive reserve beneficially affects cognitive performance, even into advanced age. However, the benefits afforded by high cognitive reserve may not extend to all cognitive domains. This study investigated whether cognitive reserve differentially affects performance on cognitive tasks, in 521 cognitively healthy individuals aged 60 to 98 years (Mage = 68, SD = 6. Read More

    Test-retest reliability and convergent validity of attention measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 8:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    a CPA-UAM Psychology Clinic, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid , Madrid , Spain.
    Recently, numerous pretest-posttest study designs have evaluated attention impairments and effectiveness of attention training. However, some of the attention tasks used in these studies show a lack of temporal stability analysis that reduces confidence in attention training outcomes. We aim to analyze the temporal stability within three attention tasks using different measures of attention (speed measures, accuracy measures, and global attention indexes) and the convergent validity between the measures. Read More

    Novel reading index for identifying disordered reading skill development: A preliminary study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 1:1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    e Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences , Wayne State University School of Medicine , Detroit , Illinois.
    Children with ADHD are at high risk of developing a Reading Disability (RD), although the reasons remain unclear. ADHD-associated impairments, including processing speed, can complicate clinical evaluation for a co-occurring RD diagnosis. We propose a novel metric to (a) assess reading development and (b) provide an alternative method to classifying readers that may aid investigations for etiologies of RD in ADHD. Read More

    Semantic verbal fluency impairment is detectable in patients with subjective cognitive decline.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 May 26:1-10. Epub 2017 May 26.
    b International Clinical Research Center , St. Anne's University Hospital Brno , Brno , Czech Republic.
    Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. Read More

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