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    1150 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]

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    Performance discrepancies on the Boston Naming Test in African-American and non-Hispanic White American young adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Read More

    An index of decline or recovery following nonimpact and impact mTBI.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest). Nonimpact mTBI subjects showed significantly greater neurocognitive decline than Impact mTBI participants and, interestingly, Impact mTBI individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with no diagnosis of mTBI. Read More

    Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression: A comparison of stability and course.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    d Department of Medical Statistics, Computer Sciences and Documentation , Jena University Hospital , Jena , Germany.
    Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Read More

    Pragmatic competence of children with autism spectrum disorder. Impact of theory of mind, verbal working memory, ADHD symptoms, and structural language.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 21:1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación , Universidad de Valencia , Valencia , Spain.
    The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. Read More

    Disseminability of computerized cognitive training: Performance across coaches.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 21:1-10. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b Department of Psychology , St. Jude Children's Research Hospital , Memphis , Tennessee.
    Cogmed is a computerized cognitive intervention utilizing coaches who receive standardized instruction in analyzing training indices and tailoring feedback to remotely monitor participant's performance. The goal of this study was to examine adherence, satisfaction, and efficacy of Cogmed across coaches. Survivors of pediatric brain tumors and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 68) were randomized to intervention (Cogmed) or waitlist control. Read More

    Memory and linguistic/executive functions of children with borderline intellectual functioning.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 8:1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    a Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.
    Children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) have received a minimal amount of research attention and have been studied in conjunction with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The present study intends to broaden the knowledge of BIF, by analyzing domains such as verbal memory and visual memory, as well as tasks that rely simultaneously on memory, executive functions, and language. A cross-sectional, comparison study was carried out between a group of 40 children with BIF (mean age = 10. Read More

    Cognitive disorders in a patient with an arachnoid cyst of the sylvian fissure and improvement after surgical treatment: Case description.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 7:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a University Children's Hospital of Cracow , Cracow , Poland.
    Arachnoid cysts cause a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms. Often it is difficult to clearly establish the relation between the presence of an arachnoid cyst and problems reported by the patient, which may, although not necessarily, be due to chronically elevated intracranial pressure. In recent years, increasing attention is paid to cognitive disorders accompanying arachnoid cysts, such as memory disorders, attention disorders, or language function disorders. Read More

    Factors to consider when reviewing and reconciling research findings: Methodological, statistical and theoretical.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 7:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Children's Neurosciences Centre , Evelina London Children's Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital , London , United Kingdom.
    Neuroscience is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary field that is changing the way research is conducted and theories are developed. However, variability between studies and apparently discrepant findings may contribute to difficulties identifying commonalities that can help inform and enhance clinical practice. This article presents a framework to consider when reviewing neuropsychological studies, such that apparent discrepancies in findings may be considered in unison to provide informed theoretical understanding. Read More

    Aggregating validity indicators: The salience of domain specificity and the indeterminate range in multivariate models of performance validity assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 7:1-18. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.
    This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied. Data from a mixed clinical sample of 234 adults referred for cognitive evaluation (MAge = 46. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in long-term cancer survivorship: A survey utilizing both standardized neuropsychological and self-report measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 3:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Centro di Riferimento Oncologico , Unit of Oncological Psychology , Aviano , Italy.
    Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions. Read More

    Executive and nonexecutive demands of constructional measures within a children's psychiatric inpatient setting.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-10. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    c E. P. Bradley Hospital , Riverside , Rhode Island , USA.
    This study examined the role of executive functioning in constructional task performance (measured with the Rey Complex Figure Test-Copy Condition [RCFT] and Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration [Beery-VMI]) within a children's psychiatric inpatient setting. A chart review was conducted for 88 children (aged 6-12) who received a neuropsychological evaluation during a psychiatric inpatient hospitalization. Multiple regression analyses investigated the role of executive and nonexecutive demands on RCFT and Beery-VMI performance. Read More

    Clinical and demographic predictors of concussion resolution in adolescents: A retrospective study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    e National Institute of Health (NIH) , Neuro-Oncology Branch, NCI/CCR , Bethesda , MD , USA.
    Concussions in adolescents are a growing public health concern. The aim of this study was to identify clinical (e.g. Read More

    Preliminary validation study of the Sydney Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale (SYPTAS) in children with traumatic brain injury aged 4 to 7 years.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-9. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    c Paediatric Rehabilitation , Sydney Children's Hospital , Randwick , New South Wales , Australia.
    The aim of this study was to assess the validity (developmental, concurrent, and predictive) of the Sydney Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale (SYPTAS) for assessment of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) in 4 to 7 year old children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The design of this study is a retrospective cohort study. The SYPTAS was administered to 35 children (26 boys) aged 4. Read More

    Utility of matrix reasoning as an embedded performance validity indicator in pediatric mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    b Department of Rehabilitation , Children's Hospital Colorado , Aurora , Colorado , USA.
    The present study examined the utility of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II) Matrix Reasoning (MR) subtest in detecting suspect effort among a pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) sample. The sample consisted of 526 clinically referred patients aged 8-16 years. Sixteen percent of participants failed the Medical Symptom Validity Test, which was used to categorize the sample into adequate and suspect effort groups. Read More

    Measurement of expressive vocabulary in school-age children: Development and application of the Kilifi Naming Test (KNT).
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 12:1-16. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    e Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine , Case Western Reserve University , Cleveland , OH , USA.
    The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement. Read More

    Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a Center for Research on Applied Gerontology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Read More

    Improving post-stroke cognitive and behavioral abnormalities by using virtual reality: A case report on a novel use of nirvana.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo , " Messina , Italy.
    Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction). Read More

    Private speech in simultaneous and early Spanish/English bilinguals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.
    This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g. Read More

    Virtual Apartment-Based Stroop for assessing distractor inhibition in healthy aging.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. Read More

    Effectiveness of a working memory intervention program in children with language disorders.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Sep 28:1-9. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    b Department of Clinical Psychology , Psychobiology and Methodology, Universidad de La Laguna Facultad de Psicologia , La Laguna , Spain.
    The aim of this study was twofold: first, to obtain a neuropsychological characterization of children with language disorders, and second, to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program on working memory. We used a pretest-instruction-posttest design, carefully identifying a sample of 32 children with language disorders whom we then evaluated for short-term verbal and visuospatial memory, verbal and visuospatial working memory, attention, processing speed, and lexical-semantic skills. We then implemented an intervention program on working memory consisting of 72 sessions of 15 minutes each, after which we repeated the neuropsychological assessment of these functions. Read More

    Cross-sectional associations between metabolic syndrome and performance across cognitive domains: A systematic review.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 25:1-14. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    a School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy , University of South Australia , Australia.
    This review aimed to systematically evaluate associations between the Metabolic Syndrome and domain specific cognitive performance from cross-sectional studies. PsycINFO and Medline were searched on 12 January 2017 with the terms "Metabolic Syndrome" and "cogni*." A total of 973 articles were identified, with 26 meeting inclusion criteria. Read More

    Use of virtual reality in improving poststroke neglect: Promising neuropsychological and neurophysiological findings from a case study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 22:1-5. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" Messina , Messina , Italy.
    After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood. Read More

    When is neuropsychological testing medically necessary for children on medicaid in New Mexico?
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Sep 22:1-14. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    b Radiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Foster School of Medicine , El Paso , Texas.
    Healthcare for poor children, also known as Medicaid, is disproportionately relied upon by citizens of poor states such as New Mexico, where (a) there are more unintended pregnancies, (b) domestic violence during and after pregnancies occurs with regularity, (c) youth substance use is much more common, (d) crime rates are some of the worst in the country, (e) many never graduate from high school, and (f) incarceration is often inevitable. Yet, there is a dearth of research into the neuropsychological health of these children. Meanwhile, nonneuropsychologists working for managed care organizations routinely deny authorization for neuropsychological testing based on a lack of medical necessity. Read More

    Relationship between reading and long-term storage and retrieval (Glr) in college students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 21:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    a Department of Educational Psychology , University of Connecticut , Storrs , Connecticut , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding. They were also given two pairs of Glr subtests that consisted of immediate and delayed versions from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (KABC-II). Read More

    Psychometric properties of the Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-11. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    a Department of Neurology , Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition in a heterogeneous sample of people with traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-15. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    b Department of Psychology , University of British Columbia Okanagan , Kelowna , Canada.
    This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Read More

    Differential neural activation when voluntarily regulating emotions in service members with chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 19:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    c Department of Psychology , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. Read More

    Neuropsychological outcome of a case of Susac syndrome: A two-year follow-up study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Hurstwood Park Neurological Centre , Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust , Brighton , United Kingdom.
    Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome. Read More

    Detecting memory performance validity with DETECTS: A computerized performance validity test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 18:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b School of Psychology , University of Minho , Braga , Portugal.
    Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Read More

    Cognitive intervention for early stage dementia: Research and techniques.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a Private Practice, Founder and Chief Medical Officer, SMART Brain Aging, Inc , Scottsdale , AZ , USA.
    Dementia is a growing world-wide phenomenon, impacting more than six million people in the United States. Despite its high projected prevalence, it is a significantly under-estimated phenomena, with estimates ranging from 15 to 25% of the current U.S. Read More

    Investigating patterns of memory impairment in ischemic stroke in an iranian population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    b Department of Neurology , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.
    Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in order to help therapists to develop more appropriate memory rehabilitation programs for the patients. Read More

    Assault-related mild traumatic brain injury, expectations of injury outcome, and the effect of different perpetrators: A vignette study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Sep 7:1-7. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
    Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). Read More

    Use of the Rey 15-Item Test as a performance validity test in an elderly population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    c Carter Psychology Center , Bradenton , Florida.
    The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Rey 15-Item Test in elderly individuals with and without cognitive impairment and to develop new indices to function with this population, if needed. The sample consisted of 185 individuals referred for outpatient neuropsychological evaluation. All were clinically evaluated and administered the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT) with recognition as part of this procedure. Read More

    Verbal episodic memory profiles in HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND): A comparison with Huntington's disease and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California.
    HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e. Read More

    Halstead-Reitan characteristics of nonimpact and impact mTBI litigants and insurance claimants.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 29:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible neuropsychological differences in Halstead-Reitan characteristics between motor vehicle accident litigants and insurance claimants that sustained uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and did or did not sustain direct impact to the head (i.e., Impact vs. Read More

    Cost of malingering mild traumatic brain injury-related cognitive deficits during compensation and pension evaluations in the veterans benefits administration.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 17:1-16. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    c Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Salisbury , North Carolina , USA.
    Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40. Read More

    Performance on naturalistic virtual reality tasks depends on global cognitive functioning as assessed via traditional neurocognitive tests.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Aug 14:1-7. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    a EPCV, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias (ULHT) , Lisbon , Portugal.
    This investigation sought to understand whether performance in naturalistic virtual reality tasks for cognitive assessment relates to the cognitive domains that are supposed to be measured. The Shoe Closet Test (SCT) was developed based on a simple visual search task involving attention skills, in which participants have to match each pair of shoes with the colors of the compartments in a virtual shoe closet. The interaction within the virtual environment was made using the Microsoft Kinect. Read More

    Construct validity of the UCSD performance-based skills assessment-brief version (UPSA-B) in HIV disease.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 25:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    b Department of Psychiatry , University of California San Diego , La Jolla , California , USA.
    Among individuals living with HIV disease, approximately 60% experience problems with everyday functioning. The present study investigated the utility of the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment-Brief Version (UPSA-B) as a measure of functional capacity in HIV. We utilized a cross-sectional three-group design comparing individuals with HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) (HIV + HAND+; n = 27), HIV+ neurocognitively normal individuals (HIV + HAND-; n = 51), and an HIV- comparison group (HIV-; n = 28) with broadly comparable demographics and non-HIV comorbidities. Read More

    Developing ADHD in preschool: Testing the dual pathway model of temperament.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 14:1-8. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    b Center of Clinical Psychology and Rehabilitation , University of Bremen , Bremen , Germany.
    The dual pathway model of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) suggests that effortful control and positive approach, or surgency, are independent pathways leading to ADHD. This model has been proven on the basis of temperament in school children, however not in preschool children. In this study we tested whether the dual pathway model of ADHD can be replicated in preschool children using temperamental measures. Read More

    Use of the 21-Item Test with children and adolescents 5 to 16 years of age.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 14:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    b Medical College of Wisconsin , Milwaukee , Wisconsin.
    The goals of the present study were to: (a) collect preliminary normative data on the 21-Item Test in children and adolescents and to determine if cutoffs for biased responding in adults can be generalized to a younger population; (b) determine if Caucasian and Hispanic children perform differently on the test; and (c) ascertain the relationships of age and verbal intelligence with effort test performance. The 21-Item Test was administered to 153 children attending either a public (n = 96) or private (n = 57) school. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) was also administered to the private school sample. Read More

    Enhanced detection of feigned cognitive impairment using per item response time measurements in the Word Memory Test.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jul 11:1-11. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.
    Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Read More

    Separating math from anxiety: The role of inhibitory mechanisms.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jul 6:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    d Department of General Psychology , University of Padova , Padova , Italy.
    Deficits in executive functions have been hypothesized and documented for children with severe mathematics anxiety (MA) or developmental dyscalculia, but the role of inhibition-related processes has not been specifically explored. The main aim of the present study was to shed further light on the specificity of these profiles in children in terms of working memory (WM) and the inhibitory functions involved. Four groups of children between 8 and 10 years old were selected: one group with developmental dyscalculia (DD) and no MA, one with severe MA and developmental dyscalculia (MA-DD), one with severe MA and no DD (MA), and one with typical development (TD). Read More

    Neurocognitive profile of HIV-positive adults on combined antiretroviral therapy: A single-centre study in Serbia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    c Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Clinical Center of Vojvodina , University of Novi Sad , Serbia.
    The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia. Read More

    Verbal Selective Reminding Test (six-trial administration): Regression-based norms for a portuguese version.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 30:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
    a BRU-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , Lisboa , Portugal.
    The Verbal Selective Reminding Test (VSRT) is a widely used measure to evaluate verbal learning and memory associated with different neurological conditions. The goal of this study was to extend the use of the six-version trial of this test to the Portuguese population, through the production of adjusted normative data. The normative sample consists of 309 healthy participants aged between 20 and 70, with an educational level ranging from 4 to 23 years of formal. Read More

    Patterns of referral in high school concussion management programs: A pilot study of consultants from different disciplines.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 28:1-8. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    c Center for Brain, Biology, and Behavior , University of Nebraska-Lincoln , Lincoln , Nebraska.
    School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. Read More

    Comparison of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition in a stroke population.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Jun 22:1-9. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    a University of British Columbia Okanagan and Department of Psychology, Kelowna General Hospital , Kelowna , British Columbia , Canada.
    There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Read More

    The BEVPS: A new test battery to assess visual perceptual and spatial processing abilities in 5-14 year-old children.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Jun 20:1-17. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    d Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, Psychology Department , FPSE - University of Geneva , Genève , Switzerland.
    This study aims to examine the different levels of visual perceptual object recognition (early, intermediate, and late) defined in Humphreys and Riddoch's model as well as basic visual spatial processing in children using a new test battery (BEVPS). It focuses on the age sensitivity, internal coherence, theoretical validity, and convergent validity of this battery. French-speaking, typically developing children (n = 179; 5 to 14 years) were assessed using 15 new computerized subtests. Read More

    Validity of a verbal incidental learning measure from the WAIS-IV in older adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Mar 2:1-8. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    c VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
    Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL. Read More

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