1,311 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]


Furthering the Understanding of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition Factor Structure in a Clinical Sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

d Department of Psychology , Saint Louis University , St. Louis , Missouri, USA.

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) is a commonly administered battery for assessing intellectual and cognitive abilities. Despite its popularity, construct validation studies primarily utilize the WAIS-IV normative sample rather than ecologically-valid clinical samples. The current study expands the literature on the validity of WAIS-IV by testing a bifactor model in such a sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1585351DOI Listing

Characterizing language outcomes following childhood basal ganglia stroke.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 21:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

a Children's Stroke Program, The Hospital for Sick Children , Toronto , Ontario , Canada.

The basal ganglia are important for movement and executive function, but its contribution to language is less understood. This study explored language outcomes associated with childhood basal ganglia stroke. A detailed language coding scheme, which examined expressive and receptive language, verbal fluency, narrative discourse, pragmatic/applied language, and academics, was developed from qualitative and quantitative data acquired from neuropsychological testing and reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1590202DOI Listing

Visual memory profile in children with high functioning autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Department of Education , University of Genoa , Genoa , Italy.

Visual memory in children with high-functioning autism (HFA) is an area of debate. According to the few studies that have examined visual memory in children with autism, the memory profile appears to vary according to the memory process and type of stimuli, and contrasting results may be found. This study aims to analyze the visual memory profile of children with HFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1594231DOI Listing

Case of right hemispatial neglect and transcortical sensory aphasia following left occipitotemporoparietal glioblastoma resection.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Illinois College of Medicine , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

The neurobehavioral syndrome of hemispatial neglect, which can result from insults such as stroke, brain tumor, or head injury, has most frequently been described as occurring for the left-side of hemispace following lesions to the right hemisphere. While right hemispatial neglect/inattention may occur following left hemisphere lesions as well, it has received limited attention in the scientific literature. The present case describes an inpatient neuropsychological evaluation with a 67-year-old, African American man presenting with right hemispatial neglect following resection of a large glioblastoma in the left occipitotemporoparietal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1590357DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Cross-validation of three Advanced Clinical Solutions performance validity tests: Examining combinations of measures to maximize classification of invalid performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

g South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.

Use of multiple performance validity tests (PVTs) may best identify invalid performance, though few studies have examined the utility and accuracy of combining PVTs. This study examined the following PVTs in the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) package to determine their utility alone and in concert: Word Choice Test (WCT), Reliable Digit Span (RDS), and Logical Memory Recognition (LMR). Ninety-three veterans participated in clinical neuropsychological evaluations to determine presence of cognitive impairment; 25% of the performances were deemed invalid via criterion PVTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1585352DOI Listing

Can worry and physiological anxiety uniquely predict children and adolescents' academic achievement and intelligence?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 16:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a College of Agriculture , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Louisiana , USA.

When exploring the relationship anxiety has with IQ, academic achievement studies often rely on diagnostic groups or total scores for an anxiety measure. The differential effects caused by anxiety dimensions, as well as their interactions, were examined with an exploratory method. This study examined the main effect of worry and physiological anxiety as predictors of youths' academic and cognitive functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1596809DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of rapid automatized naming and phonological awareness deficits on the reading ability of Arabic-speaking elementary students.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a United Arab Emirates University , Abu-Dhabi , Al-Ain.

Dyslexia is one of the most common reading disabilities everywhere, including the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Studies have shown that rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness (PA) are factors associated with dyslexia. Arabic is a language with unique orthographic features making it different from English and other European languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1585247DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Reliability, validity, and normative investigation of Persian version of a High-Level Language Test (BESS).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 5:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Center , Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz , Iran.

Our study aimed at reliability, validity, and normative investigation of the Persian version of the High-Level Language Test (BESS). This study was conducted on 60 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients as well as 60 healthy individuals. After translating the BESS into Persian, its content validity was determined based on 10 experts working in the same field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575221DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

When 10 is enough: Errors on the first 10 items of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMMe10) and administration time predict freestanding performance validity tests (PVTs) and underperformance on memory measures.

Authors:
John H Denning

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 5:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

a Department of Veteran Affairs, Mental Health Service , Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.

It is critical that we develop more efficient performance validity tests (PVTs). A shorter version of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) that utilizes errors on the first 10 items (TOMMe10) has shown promise as a freestanding PVT. Retrospective review included 397 consecutive veterans administered TOMM trial 1 (TOMM1), the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT), and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1588122DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Montreal Cognitive Assessment in a Greek sample of patients with multiple sclerosis: A validation study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Apr 2:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

c School of Humanities, Social & Education Sciences , European University Cyprus , Engomi, Nicosia , Cyprus.

The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief cognitive instrument for the measurement of dementia. The aim of the present study was to measure the sensitivity of this test in a group of Greek speaking participants diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. 40 MS participants complaining for cognitive dysfunction were matched in age and education to 490 healthy participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1588123DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Correction.

Authors:

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1598087DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Use of cognitive correction training improves learning for children with mathematics learning disability.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 23:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

b Child Health Research Center , Changzhou Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University , Changzhou , China.

Children with normal intelligence may experience varying degrees of mathematics learning disabilities (MD). This study aims to conduct training to improve the brain's cognitive ability for mathematics learning by focusing on two important mathematical cognitive abilities. This was a prospective study of 70 children in grades 2-5 from two primary schools in Changzhou and with MD enrolled from June 2015 to February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1552866DOI Listing

Exploratory study of HRB signs, patterns, and right-left differences relating to spatial cognition following nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 21:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

b University of Western Ontario , London , ON , Canada.

Sweeney and Johnson found that response time on the Tactile Form Recognition Test (TFR) of the Halstead-Reitan Test Battery (HRB) requiring speeded tactile- and visual-spatial recognition was deficient for Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) individuals in comparison to Impact mTBI and No mTBI participants. A follow-up study by Sweeney and Slade noted that skills most sensitive to Deficient TFR performance of mTBI subjects involved tactile-spatial perception, with lateralization of inferior performances contralateral to cerebral regions known to specialize in the spatial skills required. The current study compared frequencies of HRB Pathognomonic Signs, atypical Score Patterns, and abnormal Right-Left Differences for Nonimpact mTBI groups that exhibited Deficient, Perfectly Normal, or Normal TFR performances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575220DOI Listing

Exploring neuropsychological effects of a self-monitoring intervention for ADHD-symptoms in school.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 19:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

c Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Children who have symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often experience disruptive and off-task behavior and lower school performance than would be expected based on their cognitive abilities. These behavior and achievement difficulties are a challenge to teachers, who often provide inclusive education for children with ADHD. This study explored whether a self-monitoring intervention can help children with ADHD-symptoms to reduce off-task behavior as well as improve their cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1575218DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

"To whom did I tell that information?": Relationship between destination memory and theory of mind in traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 19:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Centre Hospitalier de Tourcoing , Unité de Gériatrie , Tourcoing , France.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been widely associated with impairment of social cognition. We therefore investigated the relationship between the ability to infer and predict other's mental states (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1585350DOI Listing

Neuropsychological and environmental predictors of reading performance in Brazilian children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Institute of Psychology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

Word-level reading is strongly associated with phonological processing. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cognitive and environmental variables on word reading performance. Our sample consisted of 185 fourth-grade students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1575737DOI Listing

Comprehensive cognitive training improves attention and memory in patients with severe or moderate traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

b 2nd Department of Neurology , Institute of Psychiatry & Neurology , Warsaw , Poland.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to cognitive disorders, the most frequently affected functions being attention and memory. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a cognitive rehabilitation program, consisting of individual and group interventions, on attention and memory in patients with TBI. Fifteen patients-in the postacute phase of recovery from moderate-to-severe TBI and subsequent cognitive disorders-were enrolled on a three-week waiting list and then underwent a three-week cognitive rehabilitation program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576691DOI Listing

Investigating the relationship between decision-making processes and cognitive processes, personality traits, and affect via the structural equation model in young adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 8:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

b Department of Psychology , Abant Izzet Baysal University , Bolu , Turkey.

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between decision making and set-shifting, working memory, planning, selective attention, personality and affect, and to investigate these relations with the help of the structural equation model (SEM). A total of 100 participants, 59 female and 41 male, participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576690DOI Listing

Effects of Korsakoff Amnesia on performance and symptom validity testing.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Performance validity tests (PVTs) and Symptom validity tests (SVTs) are developed to identify people that present false or exaggerated symptoms. Although a key factor of both types of tests includes relative insensitivity to cognitive disorders, the direct effects of amnesia have been poorly studied. Therefore, a sample of 20 patients diagnosed with Korsakoff Amnesia (KA) through neuropsychological assessment and 20 healthy comparisons (HC) were administered the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS), and the newly developed Visual Association Test - Extended (VAT-E). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1576180DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

WAIS Information Subtest as an indicator of crystallized cognitive abilities and brain reserve among highly educated older adults: A three-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

b Department of Neurology , Sourasky Medical Center , Tel Aviv , Israel.

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) Information Subtest (IS) is known as a neuropsychological "Hold" test that is relatively resistant to decline with aging. We administered neuropsychological tests among highly educated healthy older adults once a year for three subsequent years. Results showed highly stable performances on the IS across years (Mean Z score: T0 = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1575219DOI Listing

Cognitive rehabilitation using immersive virtual reality at young age: A case report on traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 6:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo," Messina , Italy.

Adolescents having moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience long-lasting cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems. In current clinical practice, rehabilitation techniques to treat cognitive abnormalities may be classified in two main categories, i.e. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1576525DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Gender differences in quality of life and symptom expression during recovery from concussion.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Department of Psychology, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

Pediatric concussion is a significant health concern for parents, medical providers, and schools. This study was designed to gain insight into gender differences in perspectives of children and adolescents recovering from concussion. Specifically, the study explored whether males and females reported different symptom loads for physical symptoms and quality of life after concussion. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1556102DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-P) scale among subjects with Parkinson's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

f Cognitive Neurology & Neuropsychiatry Division, Department of Psychiatry , School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive multifactorial degenerative disorder that has both motor and nonmotor features. Among the nonmotor features of PD, cognitive impairment; Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and dementia, poses one of the most significant implications for disability. Because of the high possibility of developing Dementia in PD, it is essential to obtain a reliable cognitive screen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565762DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Memory differences by sex, but not by previous diagnosis of major depressive disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

a Department of Psychiatry , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

Memory difficulties are consistently reported in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Nonetheless, it has not been thoroughly investigated as to whether these deficits persist during remission from MDD. A group of 32 healthy young adults with no history of a mood disorder (M = 20. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1496334DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Self-efficacy and acceptance of disability following mild traumatic brain injury: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

c Loewenstein Rehabilitation Centre , Raanana , Israel.

Recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and regaining emotional equilibrium afterward can take much longer than the typical three months. Recent works attribute persisting complaints to psychological factors, primarily the negative perception of mTBI. However, research has yet to demonstrate how self-beliefs concerning capability are linked to perception and ability to accept injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1569523DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of fine and gross motor training or motor imagery, delivered via novel or routine modes, on cognitive function.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 26:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

d Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia , Tunja , Colombia.

There is extensive literature linking motor activity to cognitive effects at various stages in life, promoting both development and the reduction of aging associated pathologies. It is unclear whether the benefits of this activity on the cognitive level are associated with brain functions that are necessary for their performance or recurrence of activity or type of activity itself. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the type of motor activity (fine, gross, and motor imagery) in two modes (novel and routine) can affect cognitive functions such as attention, executive functions, and praxis in college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1566133DOI Listing
February 2019

Reliability and validity of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology, University of Maryland , Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

The Conners' Continuous Performance Test-Second Edition (CCPT-2) is a widely used measure of attention and impulsivity, however, only a minimal amount is known about its reliability. To clarify the psychometric properties of the CCPT-2, we assessed its performance stability and related it to criterion measures. A total of 91 undergraduate students completed the CCPT-2, the State-Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and reported on sleep during two sessions approximately one week apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570199DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Perceptual inhibition of emotional interference in children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 22:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) , Mar del Plata , Argentina.

In daily life, when a bee approaches us while we are sitting in the garden, we must pay attention to that threatening stimulus and give an appropriate response. However, if this bee approaches us while riding a bike, we must inhibit that distractor to avoid an accident. In this case, avoiding the interference of an emotional stimuli and continuing with the task should be preferential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1567340DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prior head injury but not sex or sports-participation affects expectations for post-injury rest and activity in simulated mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology (QUT) , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.

Rest acutely followed by a gradual return to activity is commonly recommended for mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the general public's rest and activity expectations for this injury are unknown, as are the individual factors that might affect them. 165 individuals completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1433180DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

C3Logix assessment of neuropsychological performance in athletes and nonathletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Psychology , Idaho State University , Pocatello , Idaho , USA.

Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance physical health, mental health, and cognitive functioning. Adult and older adult research shows that PA positively influences neuropsychological performance and protects against cognitive decline. This study investigated neuropsychological performance in uninjured athletes and nonathletes using an iPad-based neuropsychological battery called C3Logix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570927DOI Listing
February 2019

Cross-validation of incidental learning tasks from the WAIS-IV as a measure of memory.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Mental Health Service , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Although incidental learning (IL) routinely occurs in everyday life, it is infrequently assessed during neuropsychological evaluations. This study aimed to further examine the concurrent validity of IL measures based on the Vocabulary and Similarities subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). Participants included 43 Veterans referred for outpatient neuropsychological testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570930DOI Listing
February 2019

Super-cognition in aging: Cognitive profiles and associated lifestyle factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 22:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine , National University of Singapore , Singapore , Singapore.

Previous research on older adults with superior cognitive abilities (super-cognition) has typically examined cognition using a single domain approach, which may not adequately capture the multidimensional nature of successful cognitive aging. Furthermore, the lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition have not been studied adequately. The current study examined the cognitive profiles and lifestyle factors associated with super-cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570928DOI Listing
February 2019

Computerized versus manual versions of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Implications with typically developing and ADHD children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 20:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

b Department of Humanities , Education and Social Sciences of the Adventista del Plata University , Entre Ríos , Argentina.

The aims of Study 1 (S1) were (a) to compare the task performance of 361 typically developing (TD) children aged 7 to 12 years, according to the mode of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) administration (manual vs. computerized) and b) to examine the contributions of executive functions (EFs) (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1570198DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical utility of the WASI-II and its association with acculturation levels among Arab American adolescent males.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

c Counseling Educational Psychology and School Psychology , Michigan State Univ , East Lansing , Michigan , USA.

Neuropsychologists attempting to provide an ethical and clinically useful assessment of intellectual functioning among immigrant youth face great challenges. For instance, immigrant youth undergo an acculturation process that can profoundly affect cognitive development including the reliability and validity of norm-referenced intelligence tests. This study explored the clinical utility of the WASI-II among male adolecent Arab Americans (n = 80). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1442219DOI Listing
February 2019

Premorbid estimates of neuropsychological functioning for diverse groups.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

d Colorado Neuropsychological Consulting, Denver , Colorado, USA.

One of the basic tasks performed by a neuropsychologist is to identify the difference between current performance and the premorbid expected performance. Baseline expected performance for Intellectually Impaired (n = 21), Developmentally Delayed (n = 40), Attention Deficit Disorder (n = 98), Learning Disability (n = 42), and "Normal" groups (n = 75) were developed along with a demographically corrected prediction of premorbid functioning and a word reading based prediction of premorbid functioning. We utilized a subset of this data pool for development (n = 107) and validation (n = 108) of premorbid functioning estimates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550412DOI Listing
February 2019

Using the inventory of problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in symptom validity assessment: A study with a Portuguese sample of experimental feigners.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

a Department of Psychology , University of Turin , Turin , Italy.

This study tested whether combining the Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) with the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) would increase sensitivity in the detection of experimentally feigned mental health problems, compared to using either test alone. Additionally, it also evaluated (a) the effects of administration order of these two tests and (b) the cultural and linguistic applicability of these tests to a European Portuguese population. The IOP-29 and TOMM were administered to a community sample of 100 nonclinical, adult volunteers from Portugal, with the instruction to feign mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1570929DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prospective memories and working memory: shared resources or distinct mechanisms?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Research Unit in Affective and Social Neuroscience , Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milan , Italy.

Prospective memory (PM) is a complex process involving multiple cognitive abilities. Several studies demonstrated the role of working memory (WM) in PM. However, to date, the extent to which PM and WM shared resources or, rather, they are distinct mechanisms is still debated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550407DOI Listing
February 2019

Parent and teacher reporting of executive function and behavioral difficulties in preterm and term children at kindergarten.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 13:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

b Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences , Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.

The aim of the study was to compare parent and teacher ratings of executive function and behavioral difficulties of kindergarten-age preterm and term children. Parents of 82 and kindergarten teachers of 105 preterm (<33 weeks' gestation) children and parents of 49 and kindergarten teachers of 46 term four- to five-year-old children completed executive function (EF) and behavior questionnaires. The preterm children were rated to have more EF difficulties than the term children by parents and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550404DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Normative data and validation of the Italian translation of the Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 13:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

c Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia , Rome , Italy.

Reliable and valid measures are necessary to assess subjective working memory complaints that can be distinct from objective memory performance. The Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ) is a self-administered scale proposed by Vallat-Azouvi. It assesses the three different working memory domains (memory storage, attention, and executive functions) in accordance with Baddeley's working memory model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1552147DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of combined neurofeedback and game-based cognitive training on the treatment of ADHD: A randomized controlled study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a General Psychology , Persian Gulf University , Boushehr , Iran.

Neurofeedback (NF) is referred to as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in the current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects especially in combination with other treatments. The present study examines the effect of NF and game-based cognitive training on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-two male students with ADHD were assigned to NF (N = 16; M=10. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1556101DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Grooved Pegboard Test as a measure of executive functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Mental Health 116C , VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is used primarily as a measure of motor functioning, but some research indicates that performance on this test my also reflect cognitive factors, particularly attention and executive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine rule violations as a possible quantifiable measure of executive functioning, particularly inhibitory control. In a sample of 82 veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation at a Virginia (VA) outpatient clinic, we recorded instances of two types of rule violations: using the incorrect hand during insertion and placing pegs out of sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559165DOI Listing
February 2019
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Establishing supplementary response time validity indicators in the Word Memory Test (WMT) and directions for future research.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1555161DOI Listing
February 2019
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Psychometric limitations of the RBANS effort index in forensic inpatient populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo , Pueblo , Colorado , USA.

Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1517768DOI Listing
February 2019
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Kinematic analysis of fast pen strokes in children with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 6:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

In this study, we aimed to determine whether a new measure of fine motor skills, the Pen Stroke Test (PST), can discriminate between children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twelve children with ADHD and 12 controls age 8-11 were asked to produce handwriting strokes on a digitizer. The sigma-lognormal model derived from the Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements was used to analyze the strokes. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550402DOI Listing
February 2019
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Measuring reliable change in traumatic brain injury (TBI): The pitfalls of using readily available formulae.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit , Liverpool Hospital , Sydney , Australia.

Individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently undergo repeat neuropsychological assessments. Reliable change (RC) methodologies based on general population normative data are often used to assess for clinically significant change. The consequence of applying such methodologies to an individual with a TBI needs investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559166DOI Listing
February 2019

Can personality traits influence occupational stress in multiple sclerosis patients? A one-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , I.R.C.C.S. "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , Italy.

Recent studies suggest that patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) might be at risk of unemployment due to physical and psychological symptoms. Furthermore, MS patients appear to be more exposed to a higher level of occupational stress, which might be linked to some personality characteristics. Our aim was to ascertain, by means of a longitudinal study, whether changes in occupational stress can be predicted by some personality traits, which could thereby become potential targets of therapeutic interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553045DOI Listing
February 2019
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Incremental utility of an extended stroop task for identifying subtle differences in cognitive performance among healthy older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Department of Psychology , University of Maryland , Baltimore , MD , USA.

The Stroop Color and Word Test is a test of processing speed, response inhibition, and executive functioning (EF). This project examined whether extending the Stroop Color-Word trial beyond the standard time limit could more accurately assess performance on EF measures. Cognitively healthy older individuals (n = 198) enrolled in a study of cardiovascular health completed the Stroop as part of a neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565763DOI Listing
February 2019
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Relation between cognitive and behavioral aspects of dysexecutive functioning in normal aging.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Institute of Psychology , Jagiellonian University , Kraków , Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dysexecutive functioning, understood as two aspects of dysexecutive syndrome, in an elderly nonclinical sample. Most previous studies have concentrated on clinical population. However, nonclinical population of elderly adults is, in this context, a group of special interest due to a large body of evidence indicating that executive functions decrease pronouncedly in the course of normal aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550409DOI Listing
February 2019
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Executive dysfunction in neuro-oncology: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function in adult primary brain tumor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

c Department of Health Behavior and Policy , Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine , Richmond , Virginia , USA.

Adult primary brain tumor (PBT) survivors report persistent cognitive difficulties before, during, and after treatment, which are problematic for everyday functioning. Cognitive domains often affected by cancer treatment appear to be attention and executive functioning (EF). One validated measure developed to assess an individual's EF within daily living is the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553175DOI Listing
February 2019
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Relation between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people: Evidence from the Yakumo Study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

b Nagoya University , Nagoya , Japan.

Relations between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people (65-75 years old) were examined by longitudinal behavioral data. Based on the individually calculated cognitive decline ratio in D-CAT (digit cancelation test) and in LMT (Logical Memory Test) during the period of 11 years, participants were classified into the Decline and the Maintain groups and group differences in the postural tremor measures (Quotient of Romberg) were compared. Significant group differences were shown in the postural tremor measure in D-CAT that reflects prefrontal function, but it was not the case in LMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550410DOI Listing
January 2019
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