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    1199 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]

    1 OF 24

    Role of positive lifestyle activities on mood, cognition, well-being, and disease characteristics in multiple sclerosis.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):304-311
    c Department of Psychiatry , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth College , Hanover , New Hampshire , USA.
    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS. Read More

    Neuropsychologists as primary care providers of cognitive health: A novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):318-326
    b Neurobehavioral Medicine Consultants, Ltd , Elmhurst , Illinois , USA.
    By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions. Read More

    The positive side of effort: A review of the impact of motivation and engagement on neuropsychological performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):312-317
    a Department of Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , Alabama , USA.
    Almost the entirety of research on effort in clinical neuropsychology has focused on negative aspects of effort in neuropsychological assessment, with most work over the last 20 years emphasizing feigned cognitive impairment. In contrast, few studies have explored trait-level positive influences on motivation and engagement in regard to neuropsychological testing. This paper reviews potential constructs associated with positive aspects of effort in neuropsychological testing, including conation, grit, Need for Cognition, and personality factors from the Five Factor Model of personality (Big Five). Read More

    Positive psychology perspective on traumatic brain injury recovery and rehabilitation.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):295-303
    b Department of Psychology , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , Pennsylvania , USA.
    Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Read More

    Positive neuropsychology: The science and practice of promoting cognitive health.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jul-Aug;25(4):287-294
    a Department of Psychiatry , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , Lebanon , New Hampshire , USA.
    Positive psychology has influenced multiple subfields within psychology and areas outside of psychology. While positive psychology's focus on positive mental health and character strengths did not appear to meaningfully impact neuropsychology in its earlier stages, more recent indications suggest that the neuropsychological literature, and perhaps the field as a whole, has begun to embrace related research and practice applications. In this context, positive neuropsychology has emerged as a neuropsychological orientation focused on the study and practice of promoting cognitive health. Read More

    Preliminary normative data on the BORB for children aged 3-8.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 May 9:1-9. Epub 2018 May 9.
    b Kids Rehab, The Children's Hospital at Westmead , Westmead , New South Wales , Australia.
    The Birmingham Object Recognition Battery (BORB) is a theoretically based test battery that is used in adult cognitive neuropsychology in research and for clinical assessment. It allows a detailed analysis of underlying impairments in individuals with brain injury who have visual object recognition difficulties. The BORB's usefulness in pediatrics is supported by numerous research studies. Read More

    Neuropsychological function in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 May 4:1-9. Epub 2018 May 4.
    a The Neuropsychology Center, PC , Plano , Texas , USA.
    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major and growing health problem. Brain-related effects of type 2 DM have been studied in several ways over the past few decades. Results have shown effects on brain structure, incidence of dementia, and impairment of various cognitive functions. Read More

    A research framework to isolate visuospatial from childhood motor coordination phenotypes.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Apr 19:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    a Department of Mental Health and Pathological Addiction , Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Service, AUSL of Reggio Emilia , Reggio Emilia , Italy.
    Clinicians acknowledge the presence of developmental cognitive phenotypes mainly characterized by a specific visuospatial impairment in presence of intact verbal functioning (usually referred as Nonverbal Learning Disability: NLD) since many decades, without providing sufficient empirical evidence supporting their nosological validity and inclusion in current diagnostic manuals. This contribution suggests that the goal of including NLD in future diagnostic manuals could be achieved only be the demonstration of the validity of this hypothesized clinical category. Considering the blind spot of empirical literature represented by the differential diagnosis of NLD, this issue should the primary focus of empirical research supported by a renewed interest on NLD. Read More

    Verbal intelligence in bilinguals when measured in L1 and L2.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    a Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.
    This study was aimed at studying the Verbal IQ in two groups of Spanish/English bilinguals: simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals. 48 Spanish/English bilinguals born in the U.S. Read More

    What neuropsychological functions best discriminate performance in adults post-stroke?
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-13. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul , Departamento de Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e da Personalidade, Porto Alegre , Brazil.
    This study aimed to develop a short version of an instrument to detect cognitive impairment in stroke patients, investigate which cognitive dimensions best discriminate between stroke patients and healthy adults and to graphically analyze the relationships among the neuropsychological variables and groups. This pilot study included 94 adults (49 post-stroke and 45 neurologically healthy) who answered the Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery NEUPSILIN for patients with expressive aphasia (NEUPSILIN-Af) to assess orientation, perception, memory, praxis, executive functions, oral language, and academic achievement (written language and arithmetic). The IRT Rasch model for dichotomous data indicated the exclusion of items that could not be used to discriminate performances. Read More

    Preoperative verbal memory problems and their clinical prognostic value in meningioma patients: A prospective study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-10. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    a Neuroscience Institute , Lithuanian University of Health Sciences , Kaunas , Lithuania.
    This study aimed to evaluate clinical utility of The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) for assessment of preoperative memory function in meningioma patients and to investigate prognostic value of memory assessment in predicting outcomes after meningioma excision surgery. A total of 93 meningioma patients were assessed 2-3 days preoperatively using HVLT-R, and EORTC QLQ-30 and QLQ-BN20. Functional outcome at discharge was evaluated using The Glasgow Outcome Scale. Read More

    Posttraumatic stress disorder after a first-ever intracerebral hemorrhage in the Chinese population: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-8. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    a Department of Neurology , Guangzhou Military General Hospital , Guangzhou , China.
    The objective of this study was to reveal the prevalence, associated risk factors, and long-term outcomes of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Consecutive patients admitted to our institute from January 2016 to September 2016 for a first-ever ICH were asked to participate in our study. PTSD was determined with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition; DSM-5), and questionnaires on mental and physical status were used. Read More

    Comparing the Open Trial - Selective Reminding Test results with the California Learning Verbal Test II in multiple sclerosis.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Apr 4:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    a Kessler Foundation, Neuropsychology and Neuroscience , West Orange , New Jersey , USA.
    We compared the California Learning Verbal Test II (CVLT II) and the Open Trial-Selective Reminding Test (OT-SRT) in assessing learning in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. One-hundred and twelve participants with multiple sclerosis performed the OT-SRT and the CVLT II on two different days. All participants completed additional cognitive tests assessing information processing speed (IPS), working memory (WM), and executive functions (EF). Read More

    Characteristics of dementia patients who described or did not describe the relationship between two people on the COGNISTAT speech sample.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 26:1-6. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    a Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences , Sagamihara-shi , Kanagawa , Japan.
    Speech sample of Cognitive Status Examination (COGNISTAT) is a task in which examinees freely talk about what is happening in a presented picture. We investigated whether there are differences in the characteristics between patients who described or did not describe the relationship between two people in the speech sample based on age, gender, cognitive dysfunction, and type of dementia (Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies). The participants were 60-year-old or older patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies who undertook the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and COGNISTAT at a general hospital specialized in care for the elderly. Read More

    Assess BA10 activity in slide-based and immersive virtual reality prospective memory task using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    a Graduate School of System Informatics , Kobe University , Kobe , Japan.
    By using slide-based task in a laboratory setting, previous studies have found that activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (BA10) is related to prospective memory performance. In this present study, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) technology to measure PM performance in a real-life task in a simulated virtual environment. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used simultaneously to record the rostral prefrontal cortex activities of the subjects. Read More

    A situation-specific approach to measure attention in adults with ADHD: The everyday life attention scale (ELAS).
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 14:1-30. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    a Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.
    This study describes the development and utility of a new self-report measure of attentional capacities of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Different from previous attention scales, attentional capacities are rated for nine everyday situations. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants. Read More

    Classification accuracy of individual and combined executive functioning embedded performance validity measures in mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 9:1-10. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
    c Psychology , University of Tulsa , Tulsa , Oklahoma , USA.
    The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables. Read More

    Executive, language, or both? An examination of the construct validity of verbal fluency measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Mar 7:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    a Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , Alabama.
    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether phonemic and semantic verbal fluency were more related to aspects of language processing than executive functioning (EF). An exploratory factor analysis was performed on a college-aged sample of 320 healthy participants using principle axis factoring and promax rotation on nine measures of EF. The first three factors, labeled: working memory, fluid reasoning, and shifting/updating, were extracted and used as latent executive variables. Read More

    Parent-child agreement on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) in a community sample of adolescents.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Mar 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
    a Department of Psychology & Neuroscience , Baylor University , Waco , Texas , USA.
    Despite its widespread use, a minimal amount is known regarding the agreement between parent and youth ratings of youth's executive functioning on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) in typically developing youth. The present study examined parent-child agreement on the BRIEF with a community sample of adolescents and their parents. Ninety-seven parent-child dyads (M = 13. Read More

    Lead (Pb) neurotoxicology and cognition.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Mar 1:1-22. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    b Department of Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , AL , USA.
    Lead (Pb) is a neurotoxic substance. While it is widely understood that Pb exposure in early childhood adversely impacts neurodevelopment and intelligence, other aspects of cognition that are negatively affected, and the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology underlying Pb-related cognitive impairment are not widely appreciated by clinicians. This critical review gives a broad synopsis of the current literature in the field. Read More

    Continuous performance test in children with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 23:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 23.
    a Department of Child Neurology , Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires , Buenos Aires , Argentina.
    Data regarding clinical and neuropsychological features of attention deficit in children with lower cognitive ability is still scarce. The objective was to analyze the response patterns on the Continuous Performance Test II in children with Intellectual Disability and Attention Defficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is a cross-sectional study, in which patients were divided into 2 groups: one group with ADHD and Full IQ > 80 and another group with ADHD + Full IQ score < 80. Read More

    Visual search in unilateral spatial neglect: The effects of distractors on a dynamic visual search task.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    d Behavioral Neurology Research Group , Mar Institute of Medical Research Foundation (FIMIM) , Barcelona , Spain.
    The objective of this study was to examine visual scanning performance in patients with Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) in a visual search task. Thirty-one right hemisphere stroke patients with USN were recruited. They performed a dynamic visual search task with two conditions, with and without distractors, while eye movements were monitored with an eye-tracker. Read More

    Sensory sensitivity and posttraumatic stress disorder in blast exposed veterans with mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a VA Portland Health Care System , Portland , Oregon , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on sensory sensitivity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veteran sample. We hypothesized that the effect of PTSD on noise and light sensitivity following mTBI would be largely driven by PTSD-related hyperarousal symptoms. We compared the relationships between PTSD, noise sensitivity, and light sensitivity of 49 OEF/OIF Veterans with mTBI to that of 23 OEF/OIF Veterans without mTBI. Read More

    Convergent and discriminant validity of the Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Battery (ImPACT) in young athletes.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 21:1-11. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a Department of Neurology , University of Kentucky , Lexington , Kentucky , USA.
    Sports concussions are recognized as significant injuries among young athletes. Research demonstrates that return-to-play prior to becoming asymptomatic has significant repercussions including sustained cognitive deficits. Many programs have begun to use computerized testing rather than traditional neuropsychological tests to (a) determine baseline performance, (b) track symptoms, and (c) measure symptoms following concussion. Read More

    The IFS (INECO Frontal Screening) and level of education: Normative data.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Laboratory of Neuropsychology (LNPS) Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCyT), INECO Foundation , Favaloro University , Buenos Aires , Argentina.
    Level of education is known to confound neuropsychological test performance. The INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) is an easy-to-use and brief measure of several domains of executive function, which has previously shown reliably clinical usefulness and superior psychometric performance when compared to other frontal screening instruments. However, previous studies with the IFS have been limited to participants with high levels of education, preventing its generalizability to populations with less than 12 years of formal education. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in chronic post-stroke aphasia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Laboratório de Estudos de Linguagem , Lisbon , Portugal.
    There is a minimal amount of knowledge regarding the cognitive abilities of people with aphasia. We evaluated the performance of individuals with chronic aphasia (AP) and control participants without aphasia (CP) with left hemisphere stroke in a battery of nonverbal cognitive tests and its relationship with aphasia severity, comprehension abilities, and speech fluency in a prospective cross-sectional study. Cognitive evaluation comprised 10 nonverbal tests. Read More

    Deferred diagnosis in children assessed for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    c Department of Pediatrics , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada.
    Early intervention for individuals with FASD is paramount, thus exploring factors that affect the diagnostic process is critical. This process can be complicated by challenges gathering background information, accurately evaluating higher-level cognitive skills across ages, and teasing apart the impact of life adversities from the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. This study is a retrospective file review of 154 children (44% female; mean age 8. Read More

    Overdiagnosis of ADHD in boys: Stereotype impact on neuropsychological assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    b Department of Psychology , Universite de Liege , Liege , Belgium.
    There is vigorous debate regarding the possibility that ADHD is overdiagnosed in boys. We investigated the impact of the gender stereotype depicting boys as inattentive and impulsive on neuropsychological assessment (observation of psychology students and child's cognitive performance). In experiment 1, after the stereotype was activated, psychology students rated a "boy," a "girl," or a "child" on a behavioral assessment scale. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of adults with ADHD: A Delphi consensus study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 9:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.
    Within the clinical evaluation of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cognitive functions are often assessed to characterize individual cognitive problems and guide treatment planning. However, the composition of an adequate neuropsychological assessment battery remains difficult given the large number of cognitive functions that can be distinguished, the variety of available tools to assess these functions, as well as the cognitive heterogeneity that has been observed between individuals with ADHD. Twenty-seven clinicians and researchers experienced in working with adults with ADHD took part in the present study. Read More

    Embedded performance validity indicator for children: California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition, forced choice.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    a San Francisco Neuropsychology PC , San Francisco , California , USA.
    Performance validity testing in children undergoing neuropsychological testing is a growing research area. Accurate identification of performance validity is necessary to avoid invalid assessment conclusions. In the present research, a forced choice (FC) trial was created for the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition (CVLT-C), modeled after the established California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) FC trial. Read More

    Effects of repetitive subconcussive head trauma on the neuropsychological test performance of high school athletes: A comparison of high, moderate, and low contact sports.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    f Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , USA.
    The aim of this study was to examine the neuropsychological test results of non-concussed high school athletes playing at three different levels of contact sports. Based on the concussion risk data of 12 different sports, a High Contact group (n=2819; wrestling/martial arts, cheerleading, track and field, football), a Moderate Contact group (n=2323; softball, basketball, soccer), and a Low Contact group (n=1580; baseball, volleyball, water polo, tennis, cross-country) were formed and compared in terms of their scores on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained small but statistically poorer performances in ImPACT Visual Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control, and Total Symptom scores compared to the Moderate and Low Contact groups. Read More

    How neuropsychology can inform our understanding of preschool ADHD: Clinical and research implications.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 24:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    a Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.
    Neuropsychological assessments in preschoolers have not received as much attention as in older children and adults. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that occurs in early childhood associated with poor academic and personal outcomes, such as learning and social difficulties. Preschoolers with ADHD may present cognitive deficits that are related with the ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, but may also interfere, beyond and above the ADHD symptoms, with everyday functioning. Read More

    Poststroke delusions: What about the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional basis?
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.
    Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. Read More

    Team versus individual sport participation as a modifying factor in the development of post-concussion syndrome after first concussion: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    b Vanderbilt Sports Concussion Center , Nashville , Tennessee , USA.
    Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport participation on the development of PCS in a sample of 136 high school and college student-athletes. Read More

    Frontal assessment battery (FAB) performance following traumatic brain injury hospitalized in an acute care setting.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a Department of Psychology , Université de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.
    The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) has been shown to be useful in several clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to examine the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the FAB and to predict their acute outcome. The FAB was administered to 89 patients with mild (27 = uncomplicated and 39 = complicated) and moderate (n = 23) TBI during hospitalization in an acute care setting. Read More

    Reliable change and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychology Status (RBANS) in a heterogeneous dementia sample: Support for reliable change methods but not the MCID.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    c Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatchewan , Canada.
    We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults. Patient RBANS change scores were also compared to suggested MCID anchors. Read More

    Linguistic factors associated with phonemic fluency performance in a sample of bilingual Hispanic undergraduate students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-14. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology, Psychology Clinical Neuroscience Center , University of New Mexico , Albuquerque , New Mexico , USA.
    Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Read More

    Normative data for Farsi-speaking Iranians in the United States on measures of executive functioning.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology , California State University , Northridge , California , USA.
    As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of traumatic brain injury: Current ethical challenges and recommendations for future practice.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Victoria , Victoria , British Columbia , Canada.
    Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Read More

    Evaluating the accuracy of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) logical memory embedded validity index for detecting invalid test performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.
    Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs. Read More

    Prevalence of low test scores in a pediatric psychiatric inpatient population: Applying multivariate base rate analyses.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 8:1-11. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    d Department of Psychiatry & Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island , USA.
    The understanding of neuropsychological functioning in pediatric psychiatric inpatient populations is growing, but limited, resulting in interpretive challenges. This study examined the application of multivariate base rate (MVBR) analysis in a clinical sample to appraise its utility in characterizing the frequency of low scores, as well as predictors of low scores, when using a flexible test battery. Participants included 99 children from a psychiatric inpatient unit referred for neuropsychological testing. Read More

    Assessing the effects of concussion using the C3Logix Test Battery: An exploratory study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Department of Athletics , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Lousiana , USA.
    The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Read More

    Performance validity testing in children and adolescents: A descriptive study comparing direct and embedded measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 29:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    a NeuroBehavioral Associates , Columbia , Maryland , USA.
    Effort testing is a standard element in adult neuropsychological assessment. Research examining performance validity tests (PVTs) has focused on adults. The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine direct and embedded PVTs in children and adolescents. Read More

    Examining a novel performance validity task for the detection of feigned attentional problems.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 18:1-13. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    a Department of Psychology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis of particular significance for college students, as when present it can significantly compromise academic achievement. However, because high-stakes decisions may be riding on the outcome of an ADHD evaluation (such as access to educational accommodations or stimulant medication), the diagnosis is vulnerable to exaggeration or feigning of symptoms or impairment. This study evaluates a novel procedure, the Tests of Attentional Distraction (TOAD), which is a computer-based performance validity measure involving a low difficulty continuous performance task that directly and obviously targets attentional function. Read More

    Differential long-term medication impact on executive function and delay aversion in ADHD.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 15:1-18. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    b Clinical Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology Department, La Laguna University , Spain.
    The objective was to compare long-term effects of methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) on executive functions (EF) and delay aversion (DAv) in ADHD. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery was administered at three moments (Naive, Post-1, Post-2). Read More

    Role of clinical neuropsychology in deep brain stimulation: Review of the literature and considerations for clinicians.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 13:1-14. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    a Russell Cairns Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Oxford , UK.
    Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. Read More

    Evidence of taxonomy for Developmental Topographical Disorientation: Developmental Landmark Agnosia Case 1.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 1:1-12. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    b Neuropsychology Unit, IRCCS , Santa Lucia Foundation , Rome , Italy.
    We report Developmental Landmark Agnosia (DLA) in a 6-year-old boy (L.G.) who was referred to us for congenital prosopagnosia (see Pizzamiglio et al. Read More

    Three case studies of nonparaneoplastic limbic encephalitis (NPLE) in young adult males: Onset, course, and recovery following rehabilitation services.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 29:1-7. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    b Baylor College of Medicine , Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Houston , United States.
    Limbic encephalitis (LE) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by inflammation of the brain caused by autoimmunity or infection. LE has been a difficult to define and diagnose disorder due to the insidious and nonspecific (e.g. Read More

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