1,275 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]


Prospective memories and working memory: shared resources or distinct mechanisms?

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Research Unit in Affective and Social Neuroscience , Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milan , Italy.

Prospective memory (PM) is a complex process involving multiple cognitive abilities. Several studies demonstrated the role of working memory (WM) in PM. However, to date, the extent to which PM and WM shared resources or, rather, they are distinct mechanisms is still debated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550407DOI Listing
February 2019

Parent and teacher reporting of executive function and behavioral difficulties in preterm and term children at kindergarten.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 13:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

b Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences , Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.

The aim of the study was to compare parent and teacher ratings of executive function and behavioral difficulties of kindergarten-age preterm and term children. Parents of 82 and kindergarten teachers of 105 preterm (<33 weeks' gestation) children and parents of 49 and kindergarten teachers of 46 term four- to five-year-old children completed executive function (EF) and behavior questionnaires. The preterm children were rated to have more EF difficulties than the term children by parents and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550404DOI Listing
February 2019

Normative data and validation of the Italian translation of the Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 13:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

c Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia , Rome , Italy.

Reliable and valid measures are necessary to assess subjective working memory complaints that can be distinct from objective memory performance. The Working Memory Questionnaire (WMQ) is a self-administered scale proposed by Vallat-Azouvi. It assesses the three different working memory domains (memory storage, attention, and executive functions) in accordance with Baddeley's working memory model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1552147DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of combined neurofeedback and game-based cognitive training on the treatment of ADHD: A randomized controlled study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a General Psychology , Persian Gulf University , Boushehr , Iran.

Neurofeedback (NF) is referred to as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in the current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects especially in combination with other treatments. The present study examines the effect of NF and game-based cognitive training on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-two male students with ADHD were assigned to NF (N = 16; M=10. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1556101DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Grooved Pegboard Test as a measure of executive functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a Mental Health 116C , VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is used primarily as a measure of motor functioning, but some research indicates that performance on this test my also reflect cognitive factors, particularly attention and executive functioning. The aim of this study was to examine rule violations as a possible quantifiable measure of executive functioning, particularly inhibitory control. In a sample of 82 veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation at a Virginia (VA) outpatient clinic, we recorded instances of two types of rule violations: using the incorrect hand during insertion and placing pegs out of sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559165DOI Listing
February 2019

Establishing supplementary response time validity indicators in the Word Memory Test (WMT) and directions for future research.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , Ariel University , Ariel , Israel.

Response time (RT) measures in the Word Memory Test (WMT) offer to complement information derived from conventional accuracy measures. The current study aimed to validate the findings of Lupu, Elbaum, Wagner, and Braw in which RT variability was assessed, for the first time, in the WMT. A secondary aim was to suggest directions for the future research of RT measures in Forced-Choice Recognition Memory Performance Validity Tests (FCRM-PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1555161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Psychometric limitations of the RBANS effort index in forensic inpatient populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo , Pueblo , Colorado , USA.

Although the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely studied and utilized screening measure with an Effort Index (EI), there is a minimal amount of data available regarding the utility of the EI for forensic inpatients. Specific concerns include the possibility that the published cutoffs would result in high false positive rates. The present study investigated this issue by comparing the validity of the RBANS EI with that of the Dot Counting Test (DCT) and Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in a forensic psychiatric setting (N = 117). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1517768DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Kinematic analysis of fast pen strokes in children with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 6:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

In this study, we aimed to determine whether a new measure of fine motor skills, the Pen Stroke Test (PST), can discriminate between children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twelve children with ADHD and 12 controls age 8-11 were asked to produce handwriting strokes on a digitizer. The sigma-lognormal model derived from the Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements was used to analyze the strokes. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550402DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Measuring reliable change in traumatic brain injury (TBI): The pitfalls of using readily available formulae.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit , Liverpool Hospital , Sydney , Australia.

Individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently undergo repeat neuropsychological assessments. Reliable change (RC) methodologies based on general population normative data are often used to assess for clinically significant change. The consequence of applying such methodologies to an individual with a TBI needs investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1559166DOI Listing
February 2019

Can personality traits influence occupational stress in multiple sclerosis patients? A one-year longitudinal study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Unit , I.R.C.C.S. "Santa Lucia" Foundation , Rome , Italy.

Recent studies suggest that patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) might be at risk of unemployment due to physical and psychological symptoms. Furthermore, MS patients appear to be more exposed to a higher level of occupational stress, which might be linked to some personality characteristics. Our aim was to ascertain, by means of a longitudinal study, whether changes in occupational stress can be predicted by some personality traits, which could thereby become potential targets of therapeutic interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553045DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Incremental utility of an extended stroop task for identifying subtle differences in cognitive performance among healthy other adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Department of Psychology , University of Maryland , Baltimore , MD , USA.

The Stroop Color and Word Test is a test of processing speed, response inhibition, and executive functioning (EF). This project examined whether extending the Stroop Color-Word trial beyond the standard time limit could more accurately assess performance on EF measures. Cognitively healthy older individuals (n = 198) enrolled in a study of cardiovascular health completed the Stroop as part of a neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1565763DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relation between cognitive and behavioral aspects of dysexecutive functioning in normal aging.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

a Institute of Psychology , Jagiellonian University , Kraków , Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dysexecutive functioning, understood as two aspects of dysexecutive syndrome, in an elderly nonclinical sample. Most previous studies have concentrated on clinical population. However, nonclinical population of elderly adults is, in this context, a group of special interest due to a large body of evidence indicating that executive functions decrease pronouncedly in the course of normal aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550409DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Executive dysfunction in neuro-oncology: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function in adult primary brain tumor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Feb 4:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

c Department of Health Behavior and Policy , Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine , Richmond , Virginia , USA.

Adult primary brain tumor (PBT) survivors report persistent cognitive difficulties before, during, and after treatment, which are problematic for everyday functioning. Cognitive domains often affected by cancer treatment appear to be attention and executive functioning (EF). One validated measure developed to assess an individual's EF within daily living is the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1553175DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relation between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people: Evidence from the Yakumo Study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

b Nagoya University , Nagoya , Japan.

Relations between cognitive and cerebello-thalamo-cortical functions in healthy elderly people (65-75 years old) were examined by longitudinal behavioral data. Based on the individually calculated cognitive decline ratio in D-CAT (digit cancelation test) and in LMT (Logical Memory Test) during the period of 11 years, participants were classified into the Decline and the Maintain groups and group differences in the postural tremor measures (Quotient of Romberg) were compared. Significant group differences were shown in the postural tremor measure in D-CAT that reflects prefrontal function, but it was not the case in LMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550410DOI Listing
January 2019

Perspective taking to assess topographical disorientation: Group study and preliminary normative data.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 24:1-20. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

a Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Geneva , Genève , Switzerland.

Difficulty in navigating in a well-known environment (i.e., topographical disorientation) is an incapacitating syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528262DOI Listing
January 2019

Anemia is associated with cognitive impairment in adolescent girls: A cross-sectional survey.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 20:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

d Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran.

Anemia is associated with impairment in oxygen transport, affecting an individual's physical and mental wellbeing, and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of anemia and its possible association with serum antibody titers to Hsp27 (as an indicator of cellular stress), cognitive function, measures of emotion, and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. A total of 940 adolescent girls were assessed to evaluate neuropsychological function with validated questionnaires. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550405DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Anton's Syndrome associated with autotopagnosia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 20:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.

We describe an unusual case of a 68-year-old male affected by cerebral amyloid angiopathy and cortical blindness associated with Anton's syndrome. In addition, our patient presented with autotopagnosia, a form of agnosia characterized by loss of body spatial representation. Neuropsychological assessment evidenced cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1538048DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effects of speed of processing training and transcranial direct current stimulation on global sleep quality and speed of processing in older adults with and without HIV: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

b School of Nursing , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.

Some older adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience poor sleep which can worsen cognition. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive training have improved sleep and cognition in studies of older adults; yet, their combined influence is unknown in adults with HIV. Older adults with HIV (n = 33) and without HIV (n = 33) were randomized to receive 10 one-hour sessions of speed of processing (SOP) training with tDCS or sham tDCS over approximately 5 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534736DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Facing recovery: Emotional bias in working memory, rumination, relapse, and recurrence of major depression; an experimental paradigm conducted five years after first episode of major depression.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

c Department of Biological and Medical Psychology , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

Identifying vulnerability factors for relapse of depression is essential in planning preventive interventions. Emotional face processing in major depression (MDD) shows promise as a potential cognitive marker for depression. The current study investigates how working memory (WM) load in face processing relates to rumination and new episodes of MDD in a novel explorative paradigm. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550406DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Visual memory performance following mild traumatic brain injury and its relationship with intellectual functioning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

To compare the visual memory performance of uncomplicated and complicated mild TBI (mTBI) groups with that of a control group on the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT). We also aimed to explore the influence of factors such as age, gender, education, occupation, and intellectual functioning on visual memory in individuals with mTBI. The RCFT and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI-II) were administered to 138 participants (90 uncomplicated mTBI patients, 19 complicated mTBI patients, and 29 controls). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1528263DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Relation between processing facial identity and emotional expression in typically developing school-age children and those with Down syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, FPSE , University of Geneva , Geneva , Switzerland.

The main purposes of this research were to examine the relation between the processing of face identity and emotion expressions and then discern the significance of emotional expressions using Bruce et al. tasks. Two studies were conducted. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1552867DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Time estimation: Close your eyes and tell me when a minute goes by.

Authors:
John E Meyers

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Meyers Neuropsychological Services , Nokomis , Florida , USA.

The 1-minute estimation test is a relatively new task. This article is an initial offering showing normative data for children from age six up through adulthood (age =76). The task is quite simple, the individual was simply asked to estimate the passage of time for 1 minute. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1535435DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Contribution of executive functioning to instrumental activities of daily living in older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 15:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Neuropsychology Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center , Oklahoma City , OK , USA.

The Texas Functional Living Scale (TFLS) is a performance-based measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Executive dysfunction has been linked to impairment on other IADL measures but has not been thoroughly investigated with the TFLS. This study examined the contribution of executive functioning to IADLs on the TFLS among 228 older adults (M age =76. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550408DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Relationships between the social communication questionnaire and pragmatic language, socialization skills, and behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 14:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

b Department of Occupational Sciences, Speech Therapy, Evolutionary and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Teaching and Education Sciences , Catholic University of Valencia "San Vicente Mártir" , Valencia , Spain.

The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is one of the most widely used screening instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationships between the reciprocal social interaction, communication, and repetitive/stereotyped factors on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and pragmatic, socialization, and behavioral problems in children with ASD and children with typical development (TD). Participants were seven- to 11-year-old children with ASD without intellectual disability (n = 52) and with TD (n = 37). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550403DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Frequency of occurrence of four- and five-factor WAIS-IV profiles.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

d Austin Neuropsychology PLLC , Austin , Texas, USA.

Interpretive strategies for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) include Wechsler's four-factor structure and the five-factor Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model. The frequency of profile occurrence and the contribution of demographic- and ability-related variables to their incidence are unknown. Current participants were 291 referrals (males = 134; female = 157) for neuropsychological evaluation with mean years for age and education of 34. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1550411DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Evaluation of adding the CANTAB computerized neuropsychological assessment battery to a traditional battery in a tertiary care center for veterans.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a War Related Illness and Injury Study Center , VA Palo Alto Healthcare System , San Jose , California , USA.

Numerous advantages of and concerns about computerized neuropsychological assessment systems have been noted. Here we report a program evaluation of incorporating a computerized system, the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), in our tertiary assessment center for Veterans. Patients were 23 consecutive referrals to the Western War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, an interdisciplinary assessment center within the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System for Veterans with complex medical presentations. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1534735DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Functional impairments among adults with ADHD: A comparison with adults with other psychiatric disorders and links to executive deficits.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Jan 9:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Department of Clinical Neuroscience , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

The aim of the present study was to investigate daily life functioning in adults with ADHD and adults with other psychiatric disorders and to compare ADHD subgroups with or without executive deficits. Daily life functioning was assessed using self-ratings covering the following domains: academic/occupational functioning, social relations, daily life problems, and criminality. Executive deficits were assessed using self-ratings and laboratory tests of working memory, inhibition, and shifting. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1532429DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Efficacy of neuropsychological rehabilitation on numerical and calculation abilities: A developmental case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 4:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

c Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università Sapienza di Roma , Roma , Italy.

Present single case proves the effectiveness of a theory-based cognitive treatment on numerical and calculation abilities in developmental age. Both evaluation and treatment were designed on the bases of current models of numerical cognition, in particular Von Aster's developmental model. At the age of 7. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1553044DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Phonological and lexical abilities of Jordanian children with autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 26:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

c Department of Neuroscience , Jordan University of Science and Technology , Irbid , Jordan.

This study examines phonological and lexical abilities of children with autism in Jordan. JISH Articulation Test (JAT) to measure phonological abilities and JISH School Readiness Screening Test to measure lexical abilities were used in the study. Children with ASD (n = 39) aged 4-8 years and 40 children with typical development were selected to participate in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1534690DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

"Must try harder." Is effort and performance validity testing a necessary part of pediatric neuropsychological assessment?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 24:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

c 3 School of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories , University of Exeter College of Life and Environmental Sciences , Exeter , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Neuropsychological assessments results have significant implications for pediatric populations, based upon the assumption that the young person has adopted an effortful approach and has engaged in assessment. There is a commonly-accepted risk to assuming the validity of neuropsychological assessment results with adults, and, therefore, performance validity testing (PVT) has become a major topic of research and investigation and has become an accepted part of routine assessment. The same approach has not been adopted in assessment with children and a paucity of studies has focused on PVT in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1524766DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Basic auditory processing in the children with autistic features.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 24:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

c Department of Pediatrics , National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang , South Korea.

This study aimed inhibition mechanisms of auditory processing in the group with autistic features. Thirty-two children (autistic group = 16, typically developing [TD] group = 16) received neuropsychological tests, IQ test and experimental tasks. Both groups showed similar performances except the processing speed index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1532293DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Randomized control study of the effects of executive function training on peer difficulties of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder C subtype.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 10:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

c Department of Chinese Language and Literature , Beijing Normal University , Beijing , China.

Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder C subtype (ADHD-C) is associated with social rejection and peer difficulties. The present study evaluates the comparative efficacy of group executive function training (GEFT) with social skills training (SST) in children with ADHD-C in China.

Methods: A randomized, controlled treatment outcome study that comprised of 52 boys and 29 girls (age range: 9-12 years old) was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1509003DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Executive functions and social skills in pediatric brain tumor survivors.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Nov 30:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children , Toronto , Canada.

Pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) may experience impairment in executive functions and social competence, but their interrelation is not well understood. This study aimed to address the specificity of this relationship. PBTSs (n = 91) were on average 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1522589DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Short-term delayed recall of auditory verbal learning test provides equivalent value to long-term delayed recall in predicting MCI clinical outcomes: A longitudinal follow-up study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 23:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

a Department of Neurology , Huashan Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

This study was conducted to compare predictive power of Auditory verbal learning test (AVLT) recall measures for Alzheimer's disease (AD) conversion and normal cognition (NC) reversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A total of 262 amnestic MCI patients were followed up longitudinally, who were then classified into different groups based on clinical outcomes. Demographic information and AVLT recall scores at baseline were compared among these groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1481067DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Evolution of clinical neuropsychology: Four challenges.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 13:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Private Practice , Bettendorf , Iowa , USA.

Quantitative and evidence-based approaches fail to capture "the whole person," neglect the important contributions of nonquantitative variables to understanding behavior, and have limitations when assessing individuals who fall outside traditional normative groups. The emphasis on quantitative and evidence-based practices is one challenge facing the profession. The lack of consensual definitions for various domains of interest is a second challenge, because it hinders research, poses communication challenges, and impedes the accumulation of knowledge about human behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1493483DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Reliability, validity, and normative investigation of the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults Who Stutter (BigCAT).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Nov 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

c Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Central Florida , Orlando , Florida , USA.

The purpose of this study was to establish normative and psychometric data for the Persian version of the Communication Attitude Test for Adults who Stutter (BigCAT) and to determine if there is a significant difference between the speech-associated attitude of Persian stuttering adults and their nonstuttering peers. The Persian BigCAT was administered to 90 people who stutter (PWS) and 90 people who do not stutter (PWNS). After the translation of the test and its equalization to Persian Language, content validity was determined by the opinions of experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1480482DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Five-factor structure of the RBANS is supported in an Alzheimer's disease sample: Implications for validation of neuropsychological assessment instruments.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

a Ralph H. Johnson Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Charleston , South Carolina , USA.

Development of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) was theoretically driven, with the goal of providing an assessment of abilities across five cognitive domains. Since its development, numerous factor analytic studies have failed to provide empirical support for the proposed five-factor structure and, furthermore, have lacked consensus on the internal structure of this instrument. A key limitation of these prior studies is the use of normal or mixed clinical samples, a practice that can obscure distinctions that may be evident in specific homogeneous clinical samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1529671DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Feedback on underperformance in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: The impact on subsequent neuropsychological test performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

d School for Mental Health and Neuroscience , Maastricht University , Maastricht , Netherlands.

Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) are used to measure the credibility of neuropsychological test results. Until now, however, a minimal amount is known about the effects of feedback upon noncredible results (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1519509DOI Listing
October 2018
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Cognitive functions underlying prospective memory deficits: A study on traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 31:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

b Neuropsychology Unit , IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation , Rome , Italy.

This study investigates prospective memory (PM) deficits as well as the interplay between performance in executive functions (EFs), speed of processing, episodic memory and PM in traumatic brain injury (TBI), differentiating between time based and event based tasks. The Memory for Intentions Screening Test was administrated to a sample of 19 participants with TBI and 50 healthy controls. Tasks probing different EFs (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1501374DOI Listing
October 2018
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Quanti-qualitative components of the semantic verbal fluency test in cognitively healthy controls, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia subtypes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

b Department of Neurology, School of Medicine , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

This study is aimed to evaluating the underlying cognitive strategies used during Semantic Verbal Fluency (SVF) performance and comparing the differences between cognitively healthy controls (CHC), amnestic and amnestic-multiple domain mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI and a-md-MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Lewy body dementia (LBD), and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). The cross-sectional study comprised 236 participants involving 78 CHC individuals, 33 a-MCI and 48 a-md-MCI, 39 AD, 22 LBD, and 16 bvFTD patients. Scores differed significantly when comparing CHC with dementia groups, showing medium to large variances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1465426DOI Listing
October 2018
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Cognitive impairment in psychiatric patients in the United Arab Emirates.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 30:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Psychology & Counseling , UAE University College of Humanities and Social Sciences , Al Ain , United Arab Emirates.

Cognitive impairment is central to the discussion of most psychiatric disorders, because of the implications it has for diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative progression. In the present study, we compared the levels of cognitive impairment between psychiatric patients and a healthy control group. Thirty psychiatric patients and 30 matching healthy controls participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1488715DOI Listing
October 2018
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Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) standardization and normative data on Italian children aged 36 to 72 months.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 30:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences , Università degli Studi di Pavia , Pavia , Italy.

The MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), which is broadly used as a cognitive screening test for adults, has been successfully adapted and standardized for children of different nationalities. In the Italian clinical settings, the Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) is being more and more used as cognitive screening tool for children. However, the Italian norms for the MMSPE are available for the school age only. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1522590DOI Listing
October 2018
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Object recognition and location: Which component of object location memory for landmarks is affected by gender? Evidence from four to ten year-old children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Health and Environmental Science, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Memory for object location requires at least three processes: object recognition, object location, and object-location binding. Gender-related differences during childhood are still a matter of debate, especially concerning memory for object location, where females are expected to outperform males. Memory for object position is pivotal for spatial navigation and its investigation during childhood is crucial in order to understand the roots of gender-related differences in spatial orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1504218DOI Listing
October 2018
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Neuropsychological case report of MCI reversion at one-year follow-up.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 23:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Family Medicine , University of Southern California , Alhambra , CA , USA.

This report presents the neuropsychological profile of an older gentleman diagnosed with single-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at baseline who reverted to normal cognitive functioning at 1-year follow-up. The case highlights important considerations for assessing and diagnosing MCI in clinical settings in the context of sizeable reversion rates that have been reported extensively in the literature. A 72-year-old gentleman presented to our Neuropsychology Clinic with subjective memory complaints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1519510DOI Listing
October 2018
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Brain structure in childhood maltreatment-related PTSD across the lifespan: A systematic review.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 23:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Department of Psychology , University of Rhode Island , Kingston , Rhode Island , USA.

Numerous deleterious outcomes are associated with child maltreatment, and PTSD secondary to maltreatment is one of the most commonly cited diagnoses that may follow individuals throughout their lives. Recent neuroimaging research has observed significant structural abnormalities in individuals with maltreatment-related PTSD (m-PTSD) compared to maltreated individuals without PTSD and healthy controls. Therefore, the aims of this systematic review were to summarize the literature on brain structure in m-PTSD, identify methodological challenges and limitations, and provide directions for future research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1515076DOI Listing
October 2018
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Development and reliability of the Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY): A preliminary study in a nonclinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

h Department of Psychiatry , University of California , San Diego , California , USA.

Prospective memory (PM), "remembering to remember," has been linked to important functional outcomes in adults. Studies of PM in children and adolescents would benefit from the development and validation of developmentally appropriate clinical measures with known psychometric properties. The Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY), a performance-based measure of PM, was developed for the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, Memory and Executive Functioning Substudy, and includes Summary, Time-, and Event-based scores derived from eight trials with an ongoing word search task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1486194DOI Listing
October 2018
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Impact of baseline neurocognitive functioning on outcomes following rehabilitation of executive function training for veterans with history of traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Oct 8:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

f SFVA Medical Center , University of California , San Francisco , CA , USA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common among Veterans, and sequelae frequently include deficits in attention and executive function and problems with emotional regulation. Although rehabilitation has been shown to be effective, it is not clear how patient characteristics such as baseline cognitive status may impact response to rehabilitation in this sample. Explore the relationship between baseline neuropsychological status and postintervention functional outcomes in Veterans with chronic TBI. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23279095.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2018.1490738DOI Listing
October 2018
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Executive functions and clinical symptoms in children exposed to maltreatment.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Postgraduate Psychology department , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

There is evidence of an association between childhood maltreatment and lifelong cognitive impairment. Few studies investigate cognitive functioning in maltreated children. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in executive processing between maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1497989DOI Listing
October 2018
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Structured Model of Neurorehab: A Pilot Study of Modern Multitouch Technology and Virtual Reality Platforms for Training Sociocognitive Deficit in Children with Acquired Brain Injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Faculty of Medicine , University of Tartu , Tartu , Estonia.

Social competence is often impaired in children with acquired brain injury (ABI), but evidence-based rehabilitation has remained undeveloped. This pilot-study aimed to create a structured model for sociocognitive rehabilitation for children with ABI. A total of 32 children aged 8-13 years participated: 22 with ABI -epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, or tic disorder and 10 healthy controls. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1486193DOI Listing
October 2018
20 Reads

Neuropsychological assessment of Chilean children with a history of extreme prematurity: An exploratory study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Departamento de Fonoaudiología, Facultad de Medicina , Universidad de Chile , Santiago , Chile.

This study was conducted to explore the neuropsychological abilities of premature Chilean children. Two groups (Premature and Control, 10 children each, age ranging from 5 to 7.11) were established based on weeks of gestation and/or weight at birth. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1510328DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads