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    1181 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]

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    Visual search in unilateral spatial neglect: The effects of distractors on a dynamic visual search task.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    d Behavioral Neurology Research Group , Mar Institute of Medical Research Foundation (FIMIM) , Barcelona , Spain.
    The objective of this study was to examine visual scanning performance in patients with Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) in a visual search task. Thirty-one right hemisphere stroke patients with USN were recruited. They performed a dynamic visual search task with two conditions, with and without distractors, while eye movements were monitored with an eye-tracker. Read More

    Sensory sensitivity and posttraumatic stress disorder in blast exposed veterans with mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 21:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a VA Portland Health Care System , Portland , Oregon , USA.
    The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on sensory sensitivity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veteran sample. We hypothesized that the effect of PTSD on noise and light sensitivity following mTBI would be largely driven by PTSD-related hyperarousal symptoms. We compared the relationships between PTSD, noise sensitivity, and light sensitivity of 49 OEF/OIF Veterans with mTBI to that of 23 OEF/OIF Veterans without mTBI. Read More

    Convergent and discriminant validity of the Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Battery (ImPACT) in young athletes.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 21:1-11. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    a Department of Neurology , University of Kentucky , Lexington , Kentucky , USA.
    Sports concussions are recognized as significant injuries among young athletes. Research demonstrates that return-to-play prior to becoming asymptomatic has significant repercussions including sustained cognitive deficits. Many programs have begun to use computerized testing rather than traditional neuropsychological tests to (a) determine baseline performance, (b) track symptoms, and (c) measure symptoms following concussion. Read More

    The IFS (INECO Frontal Screening) and level of education: Normative data.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Laboratory of Neuropsychology (LNPS) Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCyT), INECO Foundation , Favaloro University , Buenos Aires , Argentina.
    Level of education is known to confound neuropsychological test performance. The INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) is an easy-to-use and brief measure of several domains of executive function, which has previously shown reliably clinical usefulness and superior psychometric performance when compared to other frontal screening instruments. However, previous studies with the IFS have been limited to participants with high levels of education, preventing its generalizability to populations with less than 12 years of formal education. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in chronic post-stroke aphasia.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    a Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Laboratório de Estudos de Linguagem , Lisbon , Portugal.
    There is a minimal amount of knowledge regarding the cognitive abilities of people with aphasia. We evaluated the performance of individuals with chronic aphasia (AP) and control participants without aphasia (CP) with left hemisphere stroke in a battery of nonverbal cognitive tests and its relationship with aphasia severity, comprehension abilities, and speech fluency in a prospective cross-sectional study. Cognitive evaluation comprised 10 nonverbal tests. Read More

    Deferred diagnosis in children assessed for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    c Department of Pediatrics , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada.
    Early intervention for individuals with FASD is paramount, thus exploring factors that affect the diagnostic process is critical. This process can be complicated by challenges gathering background information, accurately evaluating higher-level cognitive skills across ages, and teasing apart the impact of life adversities from the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. This study is a retrospective file review of 154 children (44% female; mean age 8. Read More

    Overdiagnosis of ADHD in boys: Stereotype impact on neuropsychological assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    b Department of Psychology , Universite de Liege , Liege , Belgium.
    There is vigorous debate regarding the possibility that ADHD is overdiagnosed in boys. We investigated the impact of the gender stereotype depicting boys as inattentive and impulsive on neuropsychological assessment (observation of psychology students and child's cognitive performance). In experiment 1, after the stereotype was activated, psychology students rated a "boy," a "girl," or a "child" on a behavioral assessment scale. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of adults with ADHD: A Delphi consensus study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Feb 9:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    a Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.
    Within the clinical evaluation of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cognitive functions are often assessed to characterize individual cognitive problems and guide treatment planning. However, the composition of an adequate neuropsychological assessment battery remains difficult given the large number of cognitive functions that can be distinguished, the variety of available tools to assess these functions, as well as the cognitive heterogeneity that has been observed between individuals with ADHD. Twenty-seven clinicians and researchers experienced in working with adults with ADHD took part in the present study. Read More

    Embedded performance validity indicator for children: California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition, forced choice.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    a San Francisco Neuropsychology PC , San Francisco , California , USA.
    Performance validity testing in children undergoing neuropsychological testing is a growing research area. Accurate identification of performance validity is necessary to avoid invalid assessment conclusions. In the present research, a forced choice (FC) trial was created for the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition (CVLT-C), modeled after the established California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) FC trial. Read More

    Effects of repetitive subconcussive head trauma on the neuropsychological test performance of high school athletes: A comparison of high, moderate, and low contact sports.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    f Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , USA.
    The aim of this study was to examine the neuropsychological test results of non-concussed high school athletes playing at three different levels of contact sports. Based on the concussion risk data of 12 different sports, a High Contact group (n=2819; wrestling/martial arts, cheerleading, track and field, football), a Moderate Contact group (n=2323; softball, basketball, soccer), and a Low Contact group (n=1580; baseball, volleyball, water polo, tennis, cross-country) were formed and compared in terms of their scores on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained small but statistically poorer performances in ImPACT Visual Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control, and Total Symptom scores compared to the Moderate and Low Contact groups. Read More

    How neuropsychology can inform our understanding of preschool ADHD: Clinical and research implications.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 24:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    a Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.
    Neuropsychological assessments in preschoolers have not received as much attention as in older children and adults. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that occurs in early childhood associated with poor academic and personal outcomes, such as learning and social difficulties. Preschoolers with ADHD may present cognitive deficits that are related with the ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, but may also interfere, beyond and above the ADHD symptoms, with everyday functioning. Read More

    Poststroke delusions: What about the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional basis?
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo" , Messina , Italy.
    Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. Read More

    Team versus individual sport participation as a modifying factor in the development of post-concussion syndrome after first concussion: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    b Vanderbilt Sports Concussion Center , Nashville , Tennessee , USA.
    Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport participation on the development of PCS in a sample of 136 high school and college student-athletes. Read More

    Frontal assessment battery (FAB) performance following traumatic brain injury hospitalized in an acute care setting.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 19:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    a Department of Psychology , Université de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.
    The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) has been shown to be useful in several clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to examine the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the FAB and to predict their acute outcome. The FAB was administered to 89 patients with mild (27 = uncomplicated and 39 = complicated) and moderate (n = 23) TBI during hospitalization in an acute care setting. Read More

    Reliable change and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychology Status (RBANS) in a heterogeneous dementia sample: Support for reliable change methods but not the MCID.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    c Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatchewan , Canada.
    We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults. Patient RBANS change scores were also compared to suggested MCID anchors. Read More

    Linguistic factors associated with phonemic fluency performance in a sample of bilingual Hispanic undergraduate students.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-14. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology, Psychology Clinical Neuroscience Center , University of New Mexico , Albuquerque , New Mexico , USA.
    Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Read More

    Normative data for Farsi-speaking Iranians in the United States on measures of executive functioning.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    b Department of Psychology , California State University , Northridge , California , USA.
    As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores. Read More

    Neuropsychological assessment of traumatic brain injury: Current ethical challenges and recommendations for future practice.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Victoria , Victoria , British Columbia , Canada.
    Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Read More

    Evaluating the accuracy of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) logical memory embedded validity index for detecting invalid test performance.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Psychology Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System , San Antonio , Texas , USA.
    Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs. Read More

    Prevalence of low test scores in a pediatric psychiatric inpatient population: Applying multivariate base rate analyses.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 8:1-11. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    d Department of Psychiatry & Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island , USA.
    The understanding of neuropsychological functioning in pediatric psychiatric inpatient populations is growing, but limited, resulting in interpretive challenges. This study examined the application of multivariate base rate (MVBR) analysis in a clinical sample to appraise its utility in characterizing the frequency of low scores, as well as predictors of low scores, when using a flexible test battery. Participants included 99 children from a psychiatric inpatient unit referred for neuropsychological testing. Read More

    Assessing the effects of concussion using the C3Logix Test Battery: An exploratory study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2018 Jan 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    b Department of Athletics , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Lousiana , USA.
    The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Read More

    Performance validity testing in children and adolescents: A descriptive study comparing direct and embedded measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 29:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    a NeuroBehavioral Associates , Columbia , Maryland , USA.
    Effort testing is a standard element in adult neuropsychological assessment. Research examining performance validity tests (PVTs) has focused on adults. The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine direct and embedded PVTs in children and adolescents. Read More

    Examining a novel performance validity task for the detection of feigned attentional problems.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 18:1-13. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    a Department of Psychology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis of particular significance for college students, as when present it can significantly compromise academic achievement. However, because high-stakes decisions may be riding on the outcome of an ADHD evaluation (such as access to educational accommodations or stimulant medication), the diagnosis is vulnerable to exaggeration or feigning of symptoms or impairment. This study evaluates a novel procedure, the Tests of Attentional Distraction (TOAD), which is a computer-based performance validity measure involving a low difficulty continuous performance task that directly and obviously targets attentional function. Read More

    Differential long-term medication impact on executive function and delay aversion in ADHD.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 15:1-18. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    b Clinical Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology Department, La Laguna University , Spain.
    The objective was to compare long-term effects of methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) on executive functions (EF) and delay aversion (DAv) in ADHD. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery was administered at three moments (Naive, Post-1, Post-2). Read More

    Role of clinical neuropsychology in deep brain stimulation: Review of the literature and considerations for clinicians.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Dec 13:1-14. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    a Russell Cairns Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , Oxford , UK.
    Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. Read More

    Evidence of taxonomy for Developmental Topographical Disorientation: Developmental Landmark Agnosia Case 1.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Dec 1:1-12. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    b Neuropsychology Unit, IRCCS , Santa Lucia Foundation , Rome , Italy.
    We report Developmental Landmark Agnosia (DLA) in a 6-year-old boy (L.G.) who was referred to us for congenital prosopagnosia (see Pizzamiglio et al. Read More

    Three case studies of nonparaneoplastic limbic encephalitis (NPLE) in young adult males: Onset, course, and recovery following rehabilitation services.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 29:1-7. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    b Baylor College of Medicine , Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Houston , United States.
    Limbic encephalitis (LE) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by inflammation of the brain caused by autoimmunity or infection. LE has been a difficult to define and diagnose disorder due to the insidious and nonspecific (e.g. Read More

    Neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental impact of prenatal methamphetamine exposure: A comparison study of prenatally exposed children with nonexposed ADHD peers.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 29:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    a Neuropsychology Department , Northwest Neurobehavioral Health , Boise , Idaho.
    Prenatal methamphetamine exposure has become an increasingly pervasive concern, especially in rural-based populations and populations of lower socioeconomic status. While research has begun to highlight the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure, the long-term impact of this exposure remains an under-investigated topic. This study attempts to investigate the neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure by comparing the index and full-scale IQ scores on the WISC-IV between a sample of clinically referred children prenatally exposed to methamphetamine (N = 80) and a sample of clinically referred nonexposed children diagnosed with ADHD (N = 44). Read More

    Relationship between smell identification testing and the neuropsychological assessment of dementia in community-dwelling adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 28:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    a Department of Psychology and Counseling , University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler , Texas , USA.
    The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) with neuropsychological tests and identify the utility of the UPSIT in detecting cognitive impairment. This research was an archival study of neuropsychological test results obtained from 70 clients (30 male/40 female) of a community-based memory clinic. The sample had an average age of 69. Read More

    Objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems in veterans initiating psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: An exploratory study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 27:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    m Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research , Minneapolis VA Healthcare System , Minneapolis , Minnesota , USA.
    The prevalence of cognitive impairment in Veterans initiating an evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not yet established and has implications for service delivery. Our objectives were to (1) describe the type, severity, and prevalence of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems experienced by Veterans at the time they began an EBP for PTSD and (2) determine whether assessments of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems agree. We conducted objective and subjective (self-report) cognitive assessments in a sample of 38 Veterans initiating EBP for PTSD at one Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Read More

    Performance discrepancies on the Boston Naming Test in African-American and non-Hispanic White American young adults.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    a Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute , Georgia State University , Atlanta , Georgia , USA.
    The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Read More

    An index of decline or recovery following nonimpact and impact mTBI.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b School of Health Studies , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , Canada.
    This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest). Nonimpact mTBI subjects showed significantly greater neurocognitive decline than Impact mTBI participants and, interestingly, Impact mTBI individuals did not differ significantly from individuals with no diagnosis of mTBI. Read More

    Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia and depression: A comparison of stability and course.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 21:1-14. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    d Department of Medical Statistics, Computer Sciences and Documentation , Jena University Hospital , Jena , Germany.
    Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Read More

    Pragmatic competence of children with autism spectrum disorder. Impact of theory of mind, verbal working memory, ADHD symptoms, and structural language.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 21:1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación , Universidad de Valencia , Valencia , Spain.
    The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. Read More

    Disseminability of computerized cognitive training: Performance across coaches.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 21:1-10. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    b Department of Psychology , St. Jude Children's Research Hospital , Memphis , Tennessee.
    Cogmed is a computerized cognitive intervention utilizing coaches who receive standardized instruction in analyzing training indices and tailoring feedback to remotely monitor participant's performance. The goal of this study was to examine adherence, satisfaction, and efficacy of Cogmed across coaches. Survivors of pediatric brain tumors and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (N = 68) were randomized to intervention (Cogmed) or waitlist control. Read More

    Memory and linguistic/executive functions of children with borderline intellectual functioning.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 8:1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    a Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.
    Children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) have received a minimal amount of research attention and have been studied in conjunction with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The present study intends to broaden the knowledge of BIF, by analyzing domains such as verbal memory and visual memory, as well as tasks that rely simultaneously on memory, executive functions, and language. A cross-sectional, comparison study was carried out between a group of 40 children with BIF (mean age = 10. Read More

    Cognitive disorders in a patient with an arachnoid cyst of the sylvian fissure and improvement after surgical treatment: Case description.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 7:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a University Children's Hospital of Cracow , Cracow , Poland.
    Arachnoid cysts cause a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms. Often it is difficult to clearly establish the relation between the presence of an arachnoid cyst and problems reported by the patient, which may, although not necessarily, be due to chronically elevated intracranial pressure. In recent years, increasing attention is paid to cognitive disorders accompanying arachnoid cysts, such as memory disorders, attention disorders, or language function disorders. Read More

    Factors to consider when reviewing and reconciling research findings: Methodological, statistical and theoretical.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Nov 7:1-5. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Children's Neurosciences Centre , Evelina London Children's Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital , London , United Kingdom.
    Neuroscience is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary field that is changing the way research is conducted and theories are developed. However, variability between studies and apparently discrepant findings may contribute to difficulties identifying commonalities that can help inform and enhance clinical practice. This article presents a framework to consider when reviewing neuropsychological studies, such that apparent discrepancies in findings may be considered in unison to provide informed theoretical understanding. Read More

    Aggregating validity indicators: The salience of domain specificity and the indeterminate range in multivariate models of performance validity assessment.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 7:1-18. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Windsor , Windsor , Canada.
    This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied. Data from a mixed clinical sample of 234 adults referred for cognitive evaluation (M = 46. Read More

    Cognitive functioning in long-term cancer survivorship: A survey utilizing both standardized neuropsychological and self-report measures.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Nov 3:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Centro di Riferimento Oncologico , Unit of Oncological Psychology , Aviano , Italy.
    Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions. Read More

    Executive and nonexecutive demands of constructional measures within a children's psychiatric inpatient setting.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-10. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    c E. P. Bradley Hospital , Riverside , Rhode Island , USA.
    This study examined the role of executive functioning in constructional task performance (measured with the Rey Complex Figure Test-Copy Condition [RCFT] and Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration [Beery-VMI]) within a children's psychiatric inpatient setting. A chart review was conducted for 88 children (aged 6-12) who received a neuropsychological evaluation during a psychiatric inpatient hospitalization. Multiple regression analyses investigated the role of executive and nonexecutive demands on RCFT and Beery-VMI performance. Read More

    Clinical and demographic predictors of concussion resolution in adolescents: A retrospective study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    e National Institute of Health (NIH) , Neuro-Oncology Branch, NCI/CCR , Bethesda , MD , USA.
    Concussions in adolescents are a growing public health concern. The aim of this study was to identify clinical (e.g. Read More

    Preliminary validation study of the Sydney Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale (SYPTAS) in children with traumatic brain injury aged 4 to 7 years.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-9. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    c Paediatric Rehabilitation , Sydney Children's Hospital , Randwick , New South Wales , Australia.
    The aim of this study was to assess the validity (developmental, concurrent, and predictive) of the Sydney Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale (SYPTAS) for assessment of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) in 4 to 7 year old children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The design of this study is a retrospective cohort study. The SYPTAS was administered to 35 children (26 boys) aged 4. Read More

    Utility of matrix reasoning as an embedded performance validity indicator in pediatric mild traumatic brain injury.
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 23:1-6. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    b Department of Rehabilitation , Children's Hospital Colorado , Aurora , Colorado , USA.
    The present study examined the utility of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II) Matrix Reasoning (MR) subtest in detecting suspect effort among a pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) sample. The sample consisted of 526 clinically referred patients aged 8-16 years. Sixteen percent of participants failed the Medical Symptom Validity Test, which was used to categorize the sample into adequate and suspect effort groups. Read More

    Measurement of expressive vocabulary in school-age children: Development and application of the Kilifi Naming Test (KNT).
    Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Oct 12:1-16. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    e Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine , Case Western Reserve University , Cleveland , OH , USA.
    The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement. Read More

    Effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: A pilot study.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-12. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a Center for Research on Applied Gerontology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama , USA.
    The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Read More

    Improving post-stroke cognitive and behavioral abnormalities by using virtual reality: A case report on a novel use of nirvana.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 11:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
    a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo , " Messina , Italy.
    Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction). Read More

    Private speech in simultaneous and early Spanish/English bilinguals.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , USA.
    This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g. Read More

    Virtual Apartment-Based Stroop for assessing distractor inhibition in healthy aging.
    Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2017 Oct 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas , USA.
    Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. Read More

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