1,514 results match your criteria Applied neuropsychology[Journal]


Cognitive and brain micro-structural correlates of alexithymia in essential tremor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 11:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Radiology, Bezmialem Foundation University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder which has both motor and non-motor findings such as neuropsychiatic symptoms. Alexithymia is defined as inability to identify and describe emotions experienced by one's self or others. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the neurocognitive and brain micro-structural correlates of alexithymia in ET. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1786693DOI Listing

Developing learning slope scores for the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 11:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Neurology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Initial learning and learning slope are often acknowledged as important qualitative aspects of learning, but the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) contains discrete indices for neither. The traditional method of calculating learning slope involves a difference score between the last trial and first trial, which is referred to as raw learning score (RLS). However, this method does not account for initial Trial One performance and produces a ceiling effect that penalizes efficient first learners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1791870DOI Listing

The Verbal Judgement Task: Normative data of verbal abstract reasoning in a sample of 18- to 40-years old.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 11:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Rome 'Sapienza', Rome, Italy.

In this study, normative data for the age-range 18-40 years have been provided for the Verbal Judgment Test (VJT), which underpins abstract reasoning on the basis of four subtests: "Differences", "Proverbs", "Absurdities" and "Classifications". 554 participants (280 males and 274 females) were recruited and the following data were provided: means and standard deviations divided by gender, educational level (8, 13 and 18 years) and age group (18-20 years, 21-25 years, 26-30 years, 31-35 years and 36-40 years) for each subtest and the total score; percentiles for each subtest, divided by age group, and, when appropriate, educational level and/or gender; Rho correlations between age group, gender, educational level, intelligence and VJT scores. Age-, education- and gender differences were also assessed carrying out non parametric tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1789986DOI Listing

Measures of figural fluency: Relationship to neuropsychological variables and traumatic brain injury severity.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 10:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

RLB Neuropsychology Services, Toronto, Canada.

Figural fluency tests were originally developed as a measure of right frontal lobe integrity and are presently a standard component of neuropsychological evaluation. To better understand the clinical interpretation of figural fluency scores (design output and perseverative errors), the current study investigated two trials from the Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT) and their correlations with other neuropsychological variables in examinees who were being evaluated for cognitive difficulties ( = 84). Design output was significantly correlated ( > . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1787414DOI Listing

Development and measurement of psychometric properties of the Persian test of speech consistency in children with typical development.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jul 10:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The current research pursues the study of developing the Persian test of speech consistency and investigating speech consistency in normally developing children in Iran. After developing the Persian test of speech consistency, the obtained speech samples of 317 participants (163 girls and 154 boys) were analyzed. This test of consistency includes 27 items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1786831DOI Listing

The severity of executive dysfunction among different PD-MCI subtypes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 7:1-5. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

First Department of Neurology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Aeginition Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Aim to examine the severity of executive dysfunction among different Parkinson's disease (PD)-mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subtypes in the early stages of the disease. The final sample consisted of 65 patients with mild PD progression. Based on neuropsychological measures, our sample was categorized into three PD-MCI subtypes: (1) PD-MCI executive group ( = 24), (2) PD-MCI executive plus memory group ( = 22), and (3) PD-MCI executive plus visuospatial group ( = 19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1786832DOI Listing

Cognition in chronic kidney disease patients: Evaluation with the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 1:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Nanjing Zutangshan Mental Hospital, Nanjing, China.

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may undergo cognitive impairment. We aimed to explore the cognition of patients with cognitive impairment (CI) and no cognitive impairment (NCI) respectively and the effect of demographics, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), number of comorbidities (NCD), and hemoglobin on CI in Chinese patients with CKD at stage 3-5 treated by nondialysis by using the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ). A total of 120 patients with CKD were recruited from the Department of Nephrology at the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine at in-patient and out-patient follow up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1778477DOI Listing

Diagnostic accuracy of the repeatable battery of the assessment of neuropsychological status update, Spanish version, in predicting Alzheimer's disease among Hispanic older adults in the United States reporting memory problems.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 25:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

CAC-Florida Medical Center, Miami, FL, USA.

There are few standardized, Spanish-language diagnostic tools to help identify Hispanic persons at early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study evaluated the accuracy of the Spanish version of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status-Update (RBANS) in predicting AD in older Hispanic adults in the United States reporting memory problems. We analyzed data from age, sex, and education level propensity score-matched Hispanic memory clinic patients with ( = 38) and without ( = 38) a clinical diagnosis of AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1777554DOI Listing

Argentinean Psycholinguistic Picture Naming Test in color.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 25:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Instituto Privado de Neurociencias Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.

Color has demonstrated to have an influence on picture naming tasks. Objects with high color diagnosticity are recalled faster than objects with low value. That is why the Argentinean Psycholinguistic Picture Naming Test in color (PAPDIC in Spanish) was designed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1780238DOI Listing

Emotion knowledge in neurotypical children and in those with down syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 24:1-15. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, FPSE, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

This research aimed to assess two components of emotion knowledge (EK): receptive EK with face emotion identification and matching tasks, and emotion situation knowledge with the emotion attribution task (EAT). Study 1 assessed the development of EK in 265 neurotypical (NT) children (4-11 years), divided into four age groups. Overall, results showed a significant improvement of EK with age in the NT population for the three tasks, especially between the ages of 4/5 and 6/7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1777131DOI Listing

Assessing executive functions in Brazilian children: A critical review of available tools.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 24:1-13. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire (EA4638), Université d'Angers, Angers, France.

The goal of this review is to perform a critical analysis of the instruments used to assess executive functions (EFs) in preschool and school-age children in Brazil. We identified 37 assessment measures through a systematic review. Some performance-based tests for assessing working memory and inhibition were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1775598DOI Listing

Impairments in communication and social interaction in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: Characteristics and role of ADHD and language delay.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 22:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a multisystem neurocutaneous disorder with increased risk of tumor formation and higher incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than the general population. The aim of the study was to assess the presence of ASD symptoms in young children with NF1 and to examine their potential association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and speech delay. The cohort included 30 patients with NF1 attending the multidisciplinary NF1 clinic of a tertiary pediatric medical center from September 2015 through September 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1780924DOI Listing

Do parent and self-report rating scales of executive function measure the same constructs with adolescents?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 22:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

There are numerous measures of executive function (EF), yet the multiple definitions and constructions of EF suggest that these measures may not be measuring the same construct or domains within EF. The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of the BRIEF and the CEFI parent and self-report forms with adolescents. Adolescent participants, ages 12-17 years, were recruited using a snowball method with recruitment targeting individuals from under-represented groups, as well as the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1780129DOI Listing

Offering alphabet support in the Trail Making Test: Increasing validity for participants with insufficient automatization of the alphabet.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 17:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Østfold Psykologtjenester, Fredrikstad, Norway.

Insufficient automatization of the alphabet may falsely impair performance on the Trail Making Test among persons with dyslexia or persons not accustomed to the Latin alphabet. We analyze whether writing the alphabet on top of the test sheet changes performance in these risk groups, and whether alphabet support reduces the complexity of the set-shifting task.One-hundred and seventy patients referred to neuropsychological assessment participated and were given both a TMT-version offering alphabet support and the D-KEFS TMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1774377DOI Listing

A longitudinal evaluation of a penetrating traumatic brain injury: Theories of plasticity and vulnerability.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 17:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Penetrating traumatic brain injury (TBI) is uncommon in infancy. The consequences may be devastating, especially when the injury is extensive and affects eloquent areas of the brain. There is the potential for neuropsychological dysfunction that may impact the individual's development and well-being into adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1780239DOI Listing

Assessment of semantic memory in mild cognitive impairment: The psychometric properties of a novel semantic battery.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 17:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Semantic memory is stable in healthy older adults but shows decline in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Current measures of semantic function do not assess multiple aspects of semantic function and/or are time-consuming to administer. Here we report the psychometric properties of a battery to detect semantic impairment that we recently developed and published. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1774885DOI Listing

The effect of diagnostic terminology on cognitive, emotional, and post-concussive sequelae following mild brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 17:1-10. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

We sought to determine whether the diagnostic terms 'mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)' and 'concussion' result in differences in perceived cognitive, emotional, and post-concussive sequelae. A total of 81 healthy university students (79% female; 69% of Asian descent) were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: mTBI ( = 41), or concussion ( = 40), and were instructed to simulate on a battery of cognitive (Neuropsychological Assessment Battery - Screening Module), emotional (Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II), and post-concussive (Rivermead Postconcussive Symptoms Questionnaire) measures.: There were no significant group differences between expected cognitive, emotional, or post-concussive consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1775599DOI Listing

Language mapping: A systematic review of protocols that evaluate linguistic functions in awake surgery.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 16:1-10. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Campus, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, University of Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.

Nowadays, numerous neuropsychological tests are available for multidisciplinary teams to perform awake brain surgery but none-or very few-of them constitutes a mandatory prerequisite. No consensus has been reached about the choice of intraoperative tests, which can be relatively simple for certain primary functions, but can be much more difficult for high-level cognitive functions. This review aims to give an overview about the assessment of language during awake brain surgery in adults and focus on the analysis of the different language protocols that have been published, to compile the most used standardized tests that evaluate different linguistic cognitive processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1776287DOI Listing

Functional abdominal pain symptom severity: Associations between cognition and emotion in a pediatric sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 13:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Functional abdominal pain (FAP) is a common physical complaint in children and adolescents. Prior research has documented associations between FAP symptoms and mood, especially internalizing behaviors. Limited research is available examining the association between symptom burden and cognitive function in this pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1758106DOI Listing

Factors associated with motor dexterity on the grooved pegboard test in a Lebanese sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 13:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is a cognitive test used to assess patients' manual dexterity, rapid visual-motor coordination and psychomotor speed. Studies have shown that performance on the GPT is associated to cognitive functions and examinee's demographics; however, none of which involved Arab populations. The present study aims to explore motor dexterity as measured by the GPT and its relationship to intellectual abilities, age, gender and education in a sample of Lebanese individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1773269DOI Listing

Impaired or invalid? Limitations of assessing performance validity using the Boston Naming Test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 13:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

The Boston Naming Test (BNT) has been proposed as an embedded performance validity test (PVT), though replication is needed to provide further empirical support of its simultaneous use as a cognitive ability measure and embedded PVT. This cross-sectional study examined BNT performance in a mixed neuropsychiatric sample of 137 patients with/without cognitive impairment. Four independent criterion PVTs classified 109 (80%) as valid and 28 (20%) as invalid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1774378DOI Listing

A new perspective: Establishing developmental profiles of premature infants based on Bayley-III scores at age 2.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 12:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Psychology and Psychosomatic Unit, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.

Longitudinal and cross-sectional studies in early childhood generally focus on different developmental areas separately. The aim of this study is to identify the most common developmental profiles regarding cognitive, language and motor skills among low birthweight (LBW) children. Our sample included 208 LBW children examined at 24-28 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1771338DOI Listing

Changes in EEG complexity with neurofeedback and multi-sensory learning in children with dyslexia: A multiscale entropy analysis.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 9:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Multiscale entropy analysis (MSE) is a novel entropy-based approach for measuring dynamical complexity in physiological systems over a range of temporal scales. MSE has been successfully applied in the literature when measuring autism traits, Alzheimer's, and schizophrenia. However, until now, there has been no research on MSE applied to children with dyslexia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1772794DOI Listing

Average symptom severity and related predictors of prolonged recovery in pediatric patients with concussion.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 9:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

UPMC Freddie Fu Sports Medicine Center-Concussion Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

The purpose of this study is to compare the predictive utility of total number of individual symptoms endorsed, total symptom severity, and average symptom severity on prolonged recovery among children/adolescents with a concussion. Patients ( = 115) completed the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) at their initial clinical visit (7.9 ± 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1774376DOI Listing

Inflated scaled scores on the digital WISC-V coding subtest in a Canadian sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Jun 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.

This study examined performance differences in the traditional paper-and-pencil and new digital versions of the Coding subtest from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) using a cross-sectional sample. A total of 212 school-aged children between 6 and 14 years old were included in the sample, with 116 completing the paper version and 96 completing the digital version administered on a tablet in 2017-2018. One-way ANOVA revealed a significant difference with large effect size between mean scaled scores, with the digital version resulting in higher scaled scores than the paper version, (1, 210) = 67. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1773270DOI Listing

Considerations for Reliable Digit Span as a performance validity test for long-term survivors of childhood brain tumors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 5:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Psychology and the Neuroscience Institute, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The Reliable Digit Span (RDS) is a performance validity test (PVT) used widely within non-clinical samples, but its utility is in question in clinical groups with cognitive impairment. To investigate, RDS scores were calculated and correlated with the Neurological Predictor Scale, an informant-reported Activities of Daily Living score, and a proxy measure of intelligence (Vocabulary) for 83 adult survivors of childhood brain tumors and 105 healthy controls. Analyses were covaried for age at examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1771714DOI Listing

Comparing indices of objective and subjective neuropsychological impairments in service members with mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Research Programs, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, VA, USA.

Neuropsychological impairments are evaluated using subjective measures and objective tests, although their relationship remains unclear. This is likely because objective data is interpreted in terms of absolute level of functioning (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1763999DOI Listing

The Birthday Party Test (BPT); A new picture description test to support the assessment of simultanagnosia in patients with acquired brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 1:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

There is broad consensus on the utility of complex pictures in the assessment of simultanagnosia in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). To overcome various shortcomings of current instruments, we have developed the Birthday Party Test (BPT); a picture description test that contains a neutral scene, a balanced representation of events, and provides clear instructions and a scoring-aid. We have applied the BPT in a large group of patients with ABI ( = 502) and in an age-matched healthy control group ( = 194). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1763998DOI Listing

Multimethod assessment of driving in older adults using a novel driving simulator.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 29:1-10. Epub 2020 May 29.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Institute for Dementia Research and Prevention, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Driving simulators may be an effective means of assessing driving performance, however many are cost-prohibitive. The present pilot study examined whether a novel, cost-effective driving simulator (Assetto Corsa (AC)) may be useful in the evaluation of older adults' driving performance, and explore associations among various driving safety indicators. A community sample of older adults completed a battery of cognitive measures, several self-reported driving measures, and a novel driving simulator task (AC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769098DOI Listing

Cognitive profiles in persons with opioid use disorder enrolled in methadone treatment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 28:1-7. Epub 2020 May 28.

Institute for Collaboration on Health, Intervention, and Policy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Cognitive impairment is common in persons with opioid use disorder and associated with poor treatment outcomes, including elevated risk for relapse. Much less is known about the underlying structure of these deficits and the possible presence of cognitive phenotypes. A total of 177 adults (average 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769099DOI Listing

Detecting feigned symptoms of depression, anxiety, and ADHD, in college students with the structured inventory of malingered symptomatology.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 26:1-9. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Research consistently shows how easily students can feign symptoms of ADHD on self-report checklists to determine eligibility for curricular and standardized testing accommodations. However, it is unclear how easily students can feign psychological symptoms to accesses academic accommodations, making the assessment of symptom validity important in both populations. Using a between-subjects design, 75 college students were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) coached feigning of ADHD, (2) coached feigning of depression and anxiety (DA), and (3) honest responding (HR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769097DOI Listing

Global executive dysfunction, not core executive skills, mediate the relationship between adversity exposure and later health in undergraduate students.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 23:1-7. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Mental Health Research and Treatment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Executive function (EF) represents a set of higher-order cognitive skills that permit engagement in goal-oriented behavior. EF deficits are associated with wide-ranging negative health-related consequences, including psychopathology and engagement in risky health-related behaviors. Because neural substrates supporting EF develop over a protracted period of time, an extended window of vulnerability exists whereby environmental stressors can interrupt development, culminating in lifelong EF deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1764561DOI Listing

Neural and psychophysiological correlates of social communication development: Evidence from sensory processing, motor, cognitive, language and emotional behavioral milestones across infancy.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 23:1-20. Epub 2020 May 23.

Psychological Neuroscience Laboratory, Research in Psychology Centre (CIPsi), School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

This article presents a literature review focusing on the neural and psychophysiological correlates associated with social communication development in infancy. Studies presenting evidence on infants' brain activity and developments in infant sensory processing, motor, cognitive, language, and emotional abilities are described in regard to the neuropsychophysiological processes underlying the emergence of these specific behavioral milestones and their associations with social communication development. Studies that consider specific age-related characteristics across the infancy period are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1768392DOI Listing

The BNT-15 provides an accurate measure of English proficiency in cognitively intact bilinguals - a study in cross-cultural assessment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 25:1-13. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.

This study was designed to replicate earlier reports of the utility of the Boston Naming Test - Short Form (BNT-15) as an index of limited English proficiency (LEP). Twenty-eight English-Arabic bilingual student volunteers were administered the BNT-15 as part of a brief battery of cognitive tests. The majority (23) were women, and half had LEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1760277DOI Listing

Neuropsychological screening with TOWI: Performance in 6- to 12-year-old children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 19:1-10. Epub 2020 May 19.

Areté Proyectos y Administración, Mexico City, Mexico.

Videogames represent an exciting development in neuropsychological assessment of cognitive function. Here, we used TOWI, a series of games based on standardized tests, to evaluate the cognitive performance of a large sample of school-age children. We compared the metrics produced by TOWI with the performance metrics reported for the standardized tests that inspired each of these tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1764357DOI Listing

The discounted future: Relationship between temporal discounting and future thinking in Alzheimer's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 19:1-7. Epub 2020 May 19.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire, Maison de la recherche Germaine Tillion, UNIV Angers, Nantes Université, Angers, France.

Temporal discounting refers to the tendency to prefer smaller sooner rewards over larger later rewards. Prior research has reported temporal discounting in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We thus investigated, in this study, the relationship between temporal discounting and future thinking in AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1764958DOI Listing

Novel linguistic evaluation of prefrontal synthesis (LEPS) test measures prefrontal synthesis acquisition in neurotypical children and predicts high-functioning versus low-functioning class assignment in individuals with autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 18:1-16. Epub 2020 May 18.

Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

In order to grasp the difference between "the cat on the mat" and "the mat on the cat," understanding the words and the grammar is not enough. Rather it is essential to visualize the cat and the mat together to appreciate their relations. This type of imagination, which involves juxtaposition of mental objects is conducted by the prefrontal cortex and is therefore called Prefrontal Synthesis (PFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1758700DOI Listing

Utility of abbreviated versions of the test of memory malingering in children with traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 13:1-5. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Psychology, Hope College, Holland, MI, USA.

We evaluated the classification accuracy of two abbreviated versions of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in prediction of results on the full-length instrument in a sample of 126 children who were evaluated within 1-12 months after traumatic brain injury. Both a version based on administration of Trial 1 and a version based on administration of only the first 10 items of Trial 1 had acceptable specificity (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750109DOI Listing

Attentional profile of adolescents with ADHD in virtual-reality dual execution tasks: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 13:1-10. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of I + I+I, Nesplora Technology & Behavior, San Sebastian, Spain.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is highly prevalent in children and adolescents, with estimated prevalence ranges from 5.9 to 7.1% globally and 1 to 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1760103DOI Listing

Cultural factors related to neuropsychological performance and brain atrophy among Hispanic older adults with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI): A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-9. Epub 2020 May 12.

Mt. Sinai Medical Center, Wien Center for Alzheimer's Disease and Memory Disorders, Miami Beach, FL, USA.

This study examined the association of cultural factors and literacy to neuropsychological performance and measures of regional brain atrophy among Hispanic elders diagnosed with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI). Acculturation and literacy levels were measured among 45 subjects tested in Spanish; their primary language. Scores for measures of memory, executive functioning, and verbal fluency, as well as volumetric analysis of MRI scans of left hemisphere structures commonly affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1761368DOI Listing

Developing Verb Picture Naming Test for Persian adults and determining its psychometric properties.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-10. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

There are a few standardized assessment tools in Persian language. The present study was carried out to develop a Verb Picture Naming Test and assessing its psychometric properties. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 230 verbs were selected based on their frequency, familiarity, age of acquisition, visual complexity, name agreement, image agreement, syllable length, transitivity, and compound or simple verbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1762085DOI Listing

Understanding the neuropsychological effects of 3q29 deletion Syndrome: A fraternal twin case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 12:1-7. Epub 2020 May 12.

The Neuropsychology Center of Louisiana at Gretna, Gretna, LA, USA.

In 2005, the 3q29 Deletion Syndrome was identified and defined as a rare chromosomal anomaly that effects approximately one in 30,000-40,000 children. It has a complex neuropsychiatric profile but often results in developmental delay, intellectual disability, attentional deficits, classic physical traits, behavioral health disturbances, as well as social and emotional issues. Rarely has this syndrome been seen and evaluated in fraternal twins, only one of whom has the 3q29 Deletion Syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1757445DOI Listing

Misleading conclusions about word memory test results in multiple sclerosis (MS) by Loring and Goldstein (2019).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-9. Epub 2020 May 12.

Green's Publishing, Kelowna, BC, Canada.

Loring and Goldstein presented a case of a woman with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) who failed the traditional performance validity criteria of the WMT. Scoring lower than the mean from patients with Alzheimer's Disease on extremely easy subtests, the patient carried on to produce a WMT profile which is typical of someone with invalid test results, based on the usual interpretation, which is standardized within the Advanced Interpretation Program. Statements were made that are incorrect, including the claim there are no available data on the WMT in MS patients, that the minor tranquilizer Lorazepam can explain WMT failure even in healthy adults and that this patient produced a neuropsychological profile that is credible and typical of MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748035DOI Listing

A review of performance and symptom validity testing with pediatric populations.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 6:1-15. Epub 2020 May 6.

Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute and Alberta Health Sciences, Alberta, Canada.

Growing recognition and concerns of non-credible performance in pediatric populations have led clinicians to investigate the utility of performance and symptom validity tests (PVT/SVTs) among children and adolescents. Yet current research has indicated that a minority of clinicians routinely utilize a free-standing PVT in pediatric neuropsychological evaluations. The current article investigates the rationale for using PVT/SVTs, and the impact that failure of such exams have on other neurocognitive tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1750118DOI Listing

RehaCom rehabilitation training improves a wide-range of cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 5:1-11. Epub 2020 May 5.

Cognitive and Neuroscience Research Center (CNRC), Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that impairs cognitive performance. Attention, response control, working memory, and processing speed are highly impaired in MS. On the other hand, RehaCom is a computerized software that improves cognitive dysfunctions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1747070DOI Listing

Persistent post-concussive symptoms: A model of predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 1:1-11. Epub 2020 May 1.

Division of Medical Psychology, Department of Neurology, LifeBridge Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

While the majority of individuals make full recovery within a short period following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), some continue to experience a more chronic course of symptoms termed persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS). Previous models and conceptualizations of PPCS have typically not differentiated the time at which factors present across the injury timeline spectrum or have considered a limited array of contributory factors. In the current review, PPCS are examined within the predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating (PPP) model, which has been applied to explain other syndromes resulting in a clear framework to explain, disseminate, and further research the specified condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748032DOI Listing

Test of variables of attention performance among ADHD children with credible vs. non-credible PVT performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 1:1-7. Epub 2020 May 1.

The Nicholls Group, Scottdale, AZ, USA.

The assessment of effort is a crucial step in the evaluation of children and adolescents who present with symptoms of an Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Studies with adults have found that a large percentage of individuals claiming to have ADHD fail performance validity measures. In children, failure on PVT measures is associated with lower scores on a wide array of neuropsychological measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1751787DOI Listing

Association of folic acid, vitamin B12, and intelligence scores in epileptic children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 May 1:1-5. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Epilepsy is a serious childhood disease associated with cognitive impairment. Our aim was to investigate the possible association of serum folic acid, vitamin B12, and intelligence scores in epileptic children. A group of 30 children with established diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy for at least one year as well as another group of 30 nonepileptic healthy children as the control group were recruited for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2020.1747020DOI Listing

Neuropsychological profile of Alzheimer's disease based on amyloid biomarker findings results from a South American cohort.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 30:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Memory and Aging Centre, Fleni, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Increased life expectancy and exponential growth of adults suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide, has led to biomarkers incorporation for diagnosis in early stages. Use of neuropsychological testing remains limited. This study aimed to identify which neuropsychological tests best indicated underlying AD pathophysiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1756816DOI Listing

High electronic name agreement of 70 pictures in normative study of 5,290 Czechs for easy multicultural replication.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 24:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Third Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this normative study was to verify recognition and name agreement of 70 black and white line pictures on a large Czech population sample using an electronic form. The set of pictures was selected based on previous research showing preliminary evidence of high name agreement with one word only. The pictures were arrayed into an electronic form that was distributed via the internet and filled in by 6,055 participants across the whole country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1753744DOI Listing