203 results match your criteria Applied Psychology-health And Well Being[Journal]


Behavioral Benefits of a Process-Focused Workout Program: A Quasi-Experimental Test.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Research suggests that focusing on the process of losing weight (i.e. how to eat and exercise) may be more advantageous for sustained engagement with goal pursuit than focusing on weight loss itself. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12210DOI Listing

Growing into "Us": Trajectories of Social Identification with College Sport Teams Predict Subjective Well-Being.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: Groups are often a source of social identification that may elicit subjective well-being. When joining and maintaining membership of groups such as sport clubs, it is anticipated that members will experience varying trajectories of identification strength, but it is unclear how these trajectories may relate to well-being.

Method: Participants were 697 college students (64% female), nested within 35 club-level sport teams. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12207DOI Listing

Testing the Associations among Social Axioms, School Belonging, and Flourishing in University Students: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

University of Macau, Macao, China.

Background: This longitudinal study investigated the temporal stability of social axioms, which are generalised social beliefs, and tested their prospective effects on individuals' flourishing, among students, as well as the extent to which they can be potentially mediated by perceived sense of belonging at school.

Methods: Participants were 195 Chinese university students, who voluntarily completed a questionnaire measuring social axioms (at baseline, 1-year follow-up, and 2-year follow-up studies), school belonging (at 1-year follow-up study), and flourishing (at baseline and 2-year follow-up studies).

Results: Results showed supportive evidence for five types of social axioms being generally stable across these time intervals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12205DOI Listing

Modification of Affective Trajectory in a Positive Psychology Intervention.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

University of Lille, CNRS, UMR 9193 - SCALab - Sciences Cognitives et Sciences Affectives, Lille, France.

Enhancing positive affect (PA) and reducing negative affect (NA) are targets of positive psychology interventions, and well-being and positive functioning are core elements of mental health. However, the underlying temporal dynamics of these elements are unknown. This study aimed at identifying how a 42-day daily positive psychology intervention (PPI) impacts affective longitudinal dynamics compared to a control condition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12206DOI Listing

Changing Sedentary Behavior in the Office: A Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing the Effect of Affective, Instrumental, and Self-Regulatory Messaging on Sitting.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Background: Although avoiding sedentary behavior has many health benefits, adults often sit for long periods at work. The purpose of this study was to compare affective attitude, instrumental attitude, and self-regulation messaging interventions on sitting in the workplace.

Methods: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, participants (N = 116) were assigned (by workplace) to: (a) instrumental, (b) affective, (c) self-regulation, or (d) control (nutrition information) groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12202DOI Listing

Contrasting Personal Characteristics and Psychosocial Correlates of Exercise and Eating Behavior Changes in Women Successful vs. Unsuccessful with Weight Loss and Maintenance.

Authors:
James J Annesi

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

YMCA of Metro Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: There is great variability in individuals' responses to behavioral weight-loss treatments. Beyond attaining meaningful weight loss in the initial several weeks, little is known of the characteristics of participants successful vs. unsuccessful with short- and long-term weight loss. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12203DOI Listing

A Combined Health Action Process Approach and mHealth Intervention to Increase Non-Sedentary Behaviours in Office-Working Adults-A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Office-working adults represent an at-risk population for high levels of sedentary behaviour (SB), which has been associated with an increased risk for numerous chronic diseases. This study examined the effectiveness of a Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) based planning intervention augmented with tailored text messages to reduce workplace sitting time (primary outcome) and increase specific non-SBs (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12201DOI Listing

The Role of Self-Connection in the Relationship between Mindfulness and Meaning: A Longitudinal Examination.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Connection Lab, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Researchers have rarely examined mindfulness and meaning in a way that informs the causality and directionality of this relationship. The current research examines this relationship across time, further validates the Self-Connection Scale (SCS), and examines the role of self-connection in both moderating and mediating this relationship. This allows for researchers and practitioners alike to utilise self-connection to help increase their own and others' well-being. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12200DOI Listing

Leisure Choices and Employee Well-Being: Comparing Need Fulfillment and Well-Being during TV and Other Leisure Activities.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 17;12(2):532-558. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.

Background: Working adults spend most of their leisure time watching TV. In this paper, we seek to clarify how experiences of psychological need fulfillment and well-being differ when watching TV and engaging in other leisure activities. We suggest that, compared to other leisure activities, watching TV is equally conducive to fulfilling needs for: (a) relaxation and detachment from stress and (b) autonomy, but is less conducive to fulfilling needs for (c) meaning, (d) mastery, and (e) affiliation and thus also less conducive to promoting subjective wellbeing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12196DOI Listing

Physical Activity Promotion Message Perceptions Biased by Motivational Dispositions.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Mar 16. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Background: The delivery of physical activity (PA) promotion messages is an important component of any PA intervention. Gain-framed messages appear beneficial for prevention (rather than detection) behaviors such as PA, but the effects are small and inconsistent. It is possible that these effects are moderated by motivational traits, but this has not been systematically tested in the context of PA promotion messages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12199DOI Listing

Affective Well-Being, Rumination, and Positive Reappraisal among People Living with HIV: A Measurement-Burst Diary Study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Changes of affective well-being are usually analysed either as longitudinal processes or as daily fluctuations. We used a three-burst diary study to combine these perspectives.

Method: The participants were 211 patients with a diagnosis of HIV infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12198DOI Listing

Effects of Group-Based Exercise on Flourishing and Stigma Consciousness among Older Adults: Findings from a Randomised Controlled Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 9;12(2):559-583. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: To examine the extent to which group-based exercise programs, informed by self-categorisation theory, result in improvements in psychological flourishing and reductions in age- and gender-related stigma consciousness among older adults.

Methods: In the study, older adults (N = 485, ≥ 65 years) were randomised to similar age same gender (SASG), similar age mixed gender (SAMG), or "standard" mixed age mixed gender (MAMG) group-based exercise programs. Flourishing and stigma consciousness were assessed on six occasions during the 24-week intervention and represented secondary trial outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12197DOI Listing

Building Resources in Caregivers: Feasibility of a Brief Writing Intervention to Increase Benefit Finding in Caregivers.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 5;12(2):513-531. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

National University of Ireland Maynooth, Maynooth, Ireland.

The Building Resources in Caregivers (BRiC) is a pilot feasibility trial that compared the effects of a 2-week benefit finding writing expressive intervention to a control intervention, who wrote about the weather. Caregivers completed primary (benefit finding) and secondary (quality of life, depression and anxiety) outcome measures at pre (t1), immediately post-test (t2) and 1 month later (t3). They also completed measures relating to trial feasibility, difficulty, and acceptance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12195DOI Listing

Expectancy and Utilisation of Reflexology among Women with Advanced Breast Cancer.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 5;12(2):493-512. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Objective: Little is understood about patient expectations and use of complementary therapies (CT) during cancer treatment. A secondary analysis of an 11-week reflexology trial among women with breast cancer was conducted. We examined factors that predicted women's expectations about reflexology for symptom relief, factors that predicted utilisation of reflexology, and whether by the end of the trial they believed that reflexology had helped with symptom management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12194DOI Listing

Happy People Live Longer and Better: Advances in Research on Subjective Well-Being.

Authors:
Yiqun Gan

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 29;12(1):3-6. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Peking University, China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12192DOI Listing

Sexism Interacts with Patient-Physician Gender Concordance in Influencing Patient Control Preferences: Findings from a Vignette Experimental Design.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 27;12(2):471-492. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, IEO, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Background: Patient preferences regarding their involvement in shared treatments decisions is fundamental in clinical practice. Previous evidences demonstrated a large heterogeneity in these preferences. However, only few studies have analysed the influence of patients' individual differences, contextual and situational qualities, and their complex interaction in explaining this variability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12193DOI Listing

Sedentary Behaviour and Diabetes Information as a Source of Motivation to Reduce Daily Sitting Time in Office Workers: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 24;12(2):449-470. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Using the motivational phase of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), this study examined whether sedentary behaviour and diabetes information is a meaningful source of motivation to reduce daily sitting time among preintending office workers.

Methods: Participants (N = 218) were randomised into HAPA-intervention (sedentary behaviour), HAPA-attention control (physical activity), or control (no treatment) conditions. Following treatment, purpose-built sedentary-related HAPA motivational constructs (risk perception, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy) and goal intentions were assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12190DOI Listing

Food Insecurity and Depression among Economically Disadvantaged Mothers: Does Maternal Efficacy Matter?

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 12;12(2):432-448. Epub 2020 Jan 12.

The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Nearly 13 million American children experience food insecurity. Research suggests that maternal depression is associated with food insecurity, such that mothers who experience depression are more likely to be food insecure. Maternal self-efficacy may be an important protective factor against depression during the postpartum year, interrupting the link between depression and food insecurity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12191DOI Listing

Between-Individual Differences in Baseline Well-Being and Emotion Regulation Strategy Use Moderate the Effect of a Self-Help Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Typical Adults.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 23;12(2):411-431. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Pays de la Loire Psychology Laboratory (LPPL), University of Nantes, Nantes, France.

Background: Self-help interventions intended to help nonclinical individuals regulate their emotions can have important social benefits (i.e. mental disorder prevention, well-being promotion). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12189DOI Listing

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for University Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 19;12(2):384-410. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: University students are expressing an increased need for mental health support. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are being integrated into university stress-reduction programmes globally. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing MBI effects on university students' mental and physical health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12188DOI Listing
July 2020
5 Reads

Physical Activity in Peri-Urban Communities: Testing Intentional and Implicit Processes within an Ecological Framework.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 14;12(2):357-383. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

University of California, Merced, CA, USA.

Background: Given the substantive health inequalities in peri-urban communities and the potential for physical activity to promote health in these communities, identifying modifiable physical activity determinants in this population is important. This study explored effects of the peri-urban environment and psychological constructs on physical activity intentions and behavioural automaticity guided by an integrated theoretical framework.

Methods: Peri-urban Australians (N = 271) completed self-report measures of environmental (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12182DOI Listing

Motivated, Fit, and Strong-Using Counter-Stereotypical Images to Reduce Weight Stigma Internalisation in Women with Obesity.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 12;12(2):335-356. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Obesity Canada, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: This study aimed to use implicit retraining to change automatic associations between body size and physical activity (PA) in women with obesity to reduce weight bias internalisation (WBI).

Methods: A Solomon-square experimental design was used to determine the effect of a four-week online implicit retraining intervention on WBI (primary measure) and PA attitudes, self-efficacy, and self-reported behaviour (secondary measures). The intervention was a visual probe task pairing counter-stereotypical images of active individuals with obesity with positive PA-related words. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12187DOI Listing

Who Stays On? The Link between Psychosocial Patterns and Changes in Exercise and Sport Behaviour When Adolescents Make Transitions in Education.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 10;12(2):312-334. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: The first aim of the present study was to identify psychosocial patterns among adolescents at lower secondary school. Employing the motivation and volition process model and a socioecological framework, self-concordance, action planning, social support, and club-related exercise and sport activities were included as indicators. The second aim was to examine how these patterns are associated with the maintenance of exercise and sport during students' transition to upper secondary education. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12186DOI Listing

Does Listening to Music Regulate Negative Affect in a Stressful Situation? Examining the Effects of Self-Selected and Researcher-Selected Music Using Both Silent and Active Controls.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 2;12(2):288-311. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Background: Stress and anxiety are increasingly common among young people. The current research describes two studies comparing the effects of self-selected and researcher-selected music on induced negative affect (state anxiety and physiological arousal), and state mindfulness.

Method: In Study 1, 70 undergraduates were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: researcher-selected music, self-selected music, or a silent control condition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12185DOI Listing

An 8-Week Relaxation Program Consisting of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Mindfulness Meditation to Reduce Stress and Attenuate Stress-Driven Eating.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 1;12(1):188-211. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Stress is often associated with the intake of energy-dense palatable foods. This trial examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an 8-week worksite-based relaxation intervention to address psychological stress and unhealthy food intake.

Methods: Thirty-six men and women were exposed to an acute stressor, while physiological and psychological responses were assessed, prior to being offered a test meal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12179DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

The Effects of Goal Framing on Energy Drink Consumption: The Moderating Role of Temporal Framing.

Authors:
Jarim Kim

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 30;12(2):268-287. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: With the rapid expansion of the energy drink market, concerns associated with its adverse effects have been raised. This research examines how goal framing moderated by temporal framing affects attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control related to energy drink consumption.

Methods: A 2 (goal framing: gain vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12184DOI Listing

Effects of Whole-Body Cryostimulation (-90°C) on Somnolence and Psychological Well-Being in an Older Patient with Restless Legs Syndrome.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 Jul 12;12(2):259-267. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France.

Background: We aimed at evaluating the feasibility and effects of intense (i.e. -90°C) whole-body cryostimulation (WBC) on somnolence and psychological well-being in an older-adult patient diagnosed with restless legs syndrome (RLS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12183DOI Listing
July 2020
2 Reads

Subjective Well-Being and Health Behaviors in 2.5 Million Americans.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 3;12(1):166-187. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

University of Utah, USA.

Background: Happiness and health behavior are positively related, but most existing research does not distinguish between conceptually and empirically distinct components of subjective well-being-satisfaction with life, positive affect, and negative affect.

Method: We assessed the associations of each component of subjective well-being and health behavior, such as exercising and not smoking, in a broad, representative sample of nearly 2.5 million respondents from the USA in the Gallup Daily Poll. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12178DOI Listing

A Mixed Methods Cross-Cultural Study to Compare Youth Drinking Cultures in Italy and the USA.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 1;12(1):231-255. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy.

Aims: To compare the drinking cultures of youth in the USA and in Italy.

Method: Sequential explanatory mixed method design. Phase 1: Multigroup latent class analysis was used to identify subgroups of drinkers from samples of 424 (61. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12181DOI Listing
March 2020
3 Reads

Regulatory Focus and the Effect of Nutritional Messages on Health and Well-Being: The Case of Red Meat Intake.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 27;12(1):212-230. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Catholic University of Milan, Italy.

Background: The persuasiveness of nutritional messages varies according to individual regulatory focus. However, so far research has focused on the negative or positive valence of the message, while we lack research on the differential effectiveness of health vs. well-being messages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12180DOI Listing

A Theory of Planned Behavior-Based Program to Increase Physical Activity in Overweight/Obese Military Personnel: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 28;12(1):101-124. Epub 2019 Jul 28.

Duke University Medical Center, USA.

Background: Designing a health promotion program to increase physical activity may contribute to weight management. The purpose of this study was to investigate a theory of planned behavior (TPB) program to address this problem in military people.

Methods: Eighty-four obese/overweight military personnel were randomised into the intervention or control group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12175DOI Listing
March 2020
2 Reads

On the Role of Habit in Self-Reported and Observed Hand Hygiene Behavior.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 28;12(1):125-143. Epub 2019 Jul 28.

Ulm University, Germany.

Background: The present contribution tests the main ideas that (a) hand hygiene behavior is associated with habit, and (b) this association is robust when deliberative constructs (i.e. knowledge and intention) are controlled for, indicating an automatic component in hand hygiene behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12176DOI Listing

The Indirect Effect of Holistic Career Values on Work Engagement: A Longitudinal Study Spanning Two Decades.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 23;12(1):144-165. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

University of Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: In contrast to earlier assumptions that the "ideal worker" should embrace traditional notions of career success, there is growing recognition that possessing holistic career values may be beneficial in the work domain as well. However, there is little empirical evidence to support this argument. We hypothesised that individuals who at the time of their university graduation possessed holistic career values would display stronger personal life satisfaction 20 years later, which in turn would enhance their work engagement (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12177DOI Listing

Effects of Two Web-Based Interventions and Mediating Mechanisms on Stage of Change Regarding Physical Activity in Older Adults.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 22;12(1):77-100. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Institute of Human Movement Science and Health, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany.

Background: Web-based, theory-driven interventions effectively promote older adults' physical activity. Social-cognitive mechanisms of their effect on stage of change need to be further researched.

Methods: Older adults were randomly allocated to intervention group 1 (10-week online physical activity program), intervention group 2 (same program plus activity tracker), or delayed intervention control group; n = 351 were analyzed (59. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12174DOI Listing

Best Practice Guidelines and Essential Methodological Steps to Conduct Rigorous and Systematic Meta-Reviews.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 9;11(3):353-381. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Queen's University Belfast, UK.

Background: A growing body of primary study and systematic review literature evaluates interventions and phenomena in applied and health psychology. Reviews of reviews (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aphw.12169
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6819213PMC
November 2019
4 Reads

A Resilience-Based Intervention Programme to Enhance Psychological Well-Being and Protective Factors for Rural-to-Urban Migrant Children in China.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 9;12(1):53-76. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Beijing Normal University, People's Republic of China.

Background: The current study evaluated the preliminary efficacy of a pilot trial of a resilience-based intervention programme designed to decrease depression symptoms and improve protective factors (e.g. personal assets, social resources, cultural adaptation self-efficacy, interpreting adversity, and self-esteem) among rural-to-urban migrant children in China. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12173DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Making New Year's Resolutions that Stick: Exploring how Superordinate and Subordinate Goals Motivate Goal Pursuit.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 24;12(1):30-52. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Department of Consumer Behavior, Institute of Marketing and Management, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: New Year's Eve is a time when people make resolutions, but, more often than not, fail to achieve them. Previous research highlighted the positive effect of subordinate goals in goal pursuit. We argue that combining superordinate and subordinate goals contributes to successful goal pursuit, especially in the long run. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12172DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Inter-Relations between Partner-Provided Support and Self-Efficacy: A Dyadic Longitudinal Analysis.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 24;11(3):522-542. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Existing evidence indicates that social support may enhance recipients' self-efficacy (enabling hypothesis) or that self-efficacy facilitates support receipt (cultivation hypothesis). However, less is known about the time-lagged support-self-efficacy relationship in couples. Our aim was to disentangle reciprocal interrelations among stable and time-varying components of support provision and self-efficacy in couples over time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12166DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Effects of a Worksite Group Intervention to Promote Physical Activity and Health: The Role of Psychological Coaching.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 18;11(3):584-605. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

University of Freiburg, Germany.

Background: This study investigates whether a worksite physical activity (PA) promotion program consisting of both a "practical" PA component and a "theoretical" (psychological) coaching component (PA+C) is more effective than the same "practical" PA component alone.

Methods: N = 213 employees were assigned to two groups by cluster-randomisation: one group received the "MoVo-work" program including a PA component and a coaching component (PA+C group). The other group received only the PA component (PA group). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12170DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Who Uses Action Planning in a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting and What do Action Plans Look Like? Analyses of the Start to stand Intervention among Flemish Employees.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 18;11(3):543-561. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

CQUniversity, Springfield Central, Australia.

Background: Action planning plays an important role in many web-based behaviour change interventions. As such, it is important to identify who engages in action planning and what action plans look like. This study examines (1) attributes of users creating an action plan and (2) the content of action plans made during a web-based intervention to reduce workplace sitting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12167DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Social Factors Boost Well-Being Behind Bars: The Importance of Individual and Group Ties for Prisoner Well-Being.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2020 03 18;12(1):7-29. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Background: Prisoners often suffer from social isolation and higher levels of ill-health and ill-being. Research has demonstrated the positive health consequences that stem from social interaction, and especially group ties, amongst non-offender populations.

Methods: This work is based on a secondary analysis of a large-scale dataset that includes data on prisoners residing in all prison establishments in the UK (Study 1: N = 11,880; prisons = 113), and on a questionnaire booklet that was completed by prisoners residing in one prison in the UK (Study 2: N = 157). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12171DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

InDependent but not Alone: A Web-Based Intervention to Promote Physical and Mental Health among Military Spouses.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 18;11(3):562-583. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.

Background: Military spouses must cope with multiple threats to their physical and mental health, yet few interventions have been developed to promote health in this population.

Methods: For this quasi-experimental study, military spouses (N = 231) received a standard educational intervention or an interactive, theory-based intervention; both were delivered online and lasted 10 weeks. The educational intervention directed participants to content on the existing website, Operation Live Well. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12168DOI Listing
November 2019
17 Reads

Neuropeptide Y Gene × Environment Interaction Predicts Resilience and Positive Future Focus.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 13;11(3):438-458. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Chinese Academy of Science, China.

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the NPY rs16147 polymorphism interacts with the environment to have an impact on resilience and positive future focus.

Methods: In Study 1, 1,140 earthquake survivors were evaluated; self-reported trauma exposure level and resilience were reported. Study 2 included 2,370 company employees and university students; information regarding self-reported early stressful life events and positive future focus were obtained. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12162DOI Listing
November 2019
14 Reads

A Comparison of the Effects of 45-minute Aerobic Training and Cognitive Task Solving on Transient Mood States in a Female Student Sample.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 11;11(3):499-521. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

University of Central Florida, USA.

Background: The beneficial effects of moderate-intensity physical exercise on mood are well established. Students in higher education are a group vulnerable to stress who may benefit from aerobic exercise classes. The present study broadens existing findings by testing the impact on mood of a 45-minute-long aerobic training session, conducted in a naturalistic setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12165DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Predicting Transport-Related Walking in Chinese Employees by Integrating Worksite Neighbourhood Walkability and Social Cognition.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 11 6;11(3):484-498. Epub 2019 May 6.

University of Victoria, Canada.

Background: As an accessible and inexpensive activity in daily life for employees, transport-related walking is a promising focus of physical activity initiatives. The purpose of this study was to integrate worksite neighbourhood walkability with the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to predict transport-related walking in Chinese employees using a longitudinal design.

Methods: A sample of 157 employees (M  = 33. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12164DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Heterogeneity in Temporal Processes: Implications for Theories in Health Psychology.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 07 1;11(2):198-201. Epub 2019 May 1.

Columbia University, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12159DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

It's About Time: Answering the Call for Greater Precision in Research and Practice.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 07 10;11(2):191-197. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of Minnesota, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12158DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

It's Time to Think about Time in Health Psychology.

Authors:
Urte Scholz

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 07 10;11(2):173-186. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of Zurich, Switzerland.

This position paper addresses the need for stronger theorizing on temporal matters in health psychology. Too few theories in health psychology address temporal matters in the specified psychological phenomena, their relationships, and the explanation for these relationships. This might lead to underestimating existing relationships between constructs over time or missing out on opportunities for advancing our knowledge with regard to dynamic developments of the phenomena of interest. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12156DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Time in Health Psychology.

Authors:
Benjamin Schüz

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 07 10;11(2):187-190. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Institute of Public Health and Nursing Research, University of Bremen, Germany.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12157DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Development and Validation of a Tool to Assess Military Veterans' Status, Functioning, and Satisfaction with Key Aspects of their Lives.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2019 07 8;11(2):328-349. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc. (HJF), USA.

Background: We developed and validated the Well-Being Inventory (WBI) to address the need for a tool that can provide a comprehensive assessment of key aspects of military veterans' lives. This multidimensional instrument assesses status, functioning, and satisfaction with regard to vocation, finances, health, and social relationships.

Methods: Two large multi-phase studies (Study 1 Ns = 301, 286; Study 2 Ns = 9,566, 7,342) were conducted to develop and validate this tool among military veterans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12161DOI Listing
July 2019
7 Reads