297 results match your criteria Applied Neuropsychology-child[Journal]


Visual memory profile in children with high functioning autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Department of Education , University of Genoa , Genoa , Italy.

Visual memory in children with high-functioning autism (HFA) is an area of debate. According to the few studies that have examined visual memory in children with autism, the memory profile appears to vary according to the memory process and type of stimuli, and contrasting results may be found. This study aims to analyze the visual memory profile of children with HFA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1594231DOI Listing

Can worry and physiological anxiety uniquely predict children and adolescents' academic achievement and intelligence?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 16:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a College of Agriculture , Louisiana State University , Baton Rouge , Louisiana , USA.

When exploring the relationship anxiety has with IQ, academic achievement studies often rely on diagnostic groups or total scores for an anxiety measure. The differential effects caused by anxiety dimensions, as well as their interactions, were examined with an exploratory method. This study examined the main effect of worry and physiological anxiety as predictors of youths' academic and cognitive functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1596809DOI Listing

Effects of rapid automatized naming and phonological awareness deficits on the reading ability of Arabic-speaking elementary students.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Apr 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a United Arab Emirates University , Abu-Dhabi , Al-Ain.

Dyslexia is one of the most common reading disabilities everywhere, including the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Studies have shown that rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness (PA) are factors associated with dyslexia. Arabic is a language with unique orthographic features making it different from English and other European languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1585247DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Use of cognitive correction training improves learning for children with mathematics learning disability.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 23:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

b Child Health Research Center , Changzhou Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University , Changzhou , China.

Children with normal intelligence may experience varying degrees of mathematics learning disabilities (MD). This study aims to conduct training to improve the brain's cognitive ability for mathematics learning by focusing on two important mathematical cognitive abilities. This was a prospective study of 70 children in grades 2-5 from two primary schools in Changzhou and with MD enrolled from June 2015 to February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1552866DOI Listing

Exploring neuropsychological effects of a self-monitoring intervention for ADHD-symptoms in school.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 19:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

c Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Children who have symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often experience disruptive and off-task behavior and lower school performance than would be expected based on their cognitive abilities. These behavior and achievement difficulties are a challenge to teachers, who often provide inclusive education for children with ADHD. This study explored whether a self-monitoring intervention can help children with ADHD-symptoms to reduce off-task behavior as well as improve their cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1575218DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Neuropsychological and environmental predictors of reading performance in Brazilian children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

a Institute of Psychology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

Word-level reading is strongly associated with phonological processing. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cognitive and environmental variables on word reading performance. Our sample consisted of 185 fourth-grade students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1575737DOI Listing

Cognitive rehabilitation using immersive virtual reality at young age: A case report on traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 6:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

a IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo," Messina , Italy.

Adolescents having moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience long-lasting cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems. In current clinical practice, rehabilitation techniques to treat cognitive abnormalities may be classified in two main categories, i.e. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1576525DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Gender differences in quality of life and symptom expression during recovery from concussion.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Mar 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

b Department of Psychology, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

Pediatric concussion is a significant health concern for parents, medical providers, and schools. This study was designed to gain insight into gender differences in perspectives of children and adolescents recovering from concussion. Specifically, the study explored whether males and females reported different symptom loads for physical symptoms and quality of life after concussion. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1556102DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Perceptual inhibition of emotional interference in children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 22:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) , Mar del Plata , Argentina.

In daily life, when a bee approaches us while we are sitting in the garden, we must pay attention to that threatening stimulus and give an appropriate response. However, if this bee approaches us while riding a bike, we must inhibit that distractor to avoid an accident. In this case, avoiding the interference of an emotional stimuli and continuing with the task should be preferential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1567340DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Computerized versus manual versions of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: Implications with typically developing and ADHD children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 20:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

b Department of Humanities , Education and Social Sciences of the Adventista del Plata University , Entre Ríos , Argentina.

The aims of Study 1 (S1) were (a) to compare the task performance of 361 typically developing (TD) children aged 7 to 12 years, according to the mode of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) administration (manual vs. computerized) and b) to examine the contributions of executive functions (EFs) (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2019.1570198DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical utility of the WASI-II and its association with acculturation levels among Arab American adolescent males.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

c Counseling Educational Psychology and School Psychology , Michigan State Univ , East Lansing , Michigan , USA.

Neuropsychologists attempting to provide an ethical and clinically useful assessment of intellectual functioning among immigrant youth face great challenges. For instance, immigrant youth undergo an acculturation process that can profoundly affect cognitive development including the reliability and validity of norm-referenced intelligence tests. This study explored the clinical utility of the WASI-II among male adolecent Arab Americans (n = 80). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1442219DOI Listing
February 2019

Parent and teacher reporting of executive function and behavioral difficulties in preterm and term children at kindergarten.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 13:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

b Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences , Monash University , Melbourne , Australia.

The aim of the study was to compare parent and teacher ratings of executive function and behavioral difficulties of kindergarten-age preterm and term children. Parents of 82 and kindergarten teachers of 105 preterm (<33 weeks' gestation) children and parents of 49 and kindergarten teachers of 46 term four- to five-year-old children completed executive function (EF) and behavior questionnaires. The preterm children were rated to have more EF difficulties than the term children by parents and teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550404DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of combined neurofeedback and game-based cognitive training on the treatment of ADHD: A randomized controlled study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 8:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

a General Psychology , Persian Gulf University , Boushehr , Iran.

Neurofeedback (NF) is referred to as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in the current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects especially in combination with other treatments. The present study examines the effect of NF and game-based cognitive training on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-two male students with ADHD were assigned to NF (N = 16; M=10. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1556101DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Kinematic analysis of fast pen strokes in children with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Feb 6:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

a Department of Psychology , University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada.

In this study, we aimed to determine whether a new measure of fine motor skills, the Pen Stroke Test (PST), can discriminate between children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twelve children with ADHD and 12 controls age 8-11 were asked to produce handwriting strokes on a digitizer. The sigma-lognormal model derived from the Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements was used to analyze the strokes. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550402DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Anemia is associated with cognitive impairment in adolescent girls: A cross-sectional survey.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 20:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

d Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences , Mashhad , Iran.

Anemia is associated with impairment in oxygen transport, affecting an individual's physical and mental wellbeing, and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of anemia and its possible association with serum antibody titers to Hsp27 (as an indicator of cellular stress), cognitive function, measures of emotion, and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. A total of 940 adolescent girls were assessed to evaluate neuropsychological function with validated questionnaires. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550405DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Relation between processing facial identity and emotional expression in typically developing school-age children and those with Down syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

a Child Clinical Neuropsychology Unit, FPSE , University of Geneva , Geneva , Switzerland.

The main purposes of this research were to examine the relation between the processing of face identity and emotion expressions and then discern the significance of emotional expressions using Bruce et al. tasks. Two studies were conducted. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1552867DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Relationships between the social communication questionnaire and pragmatic language, socialization skills, and behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 14:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

b Department of Occupational Sciences, Speech Therapy, Evolutionary and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology Teaching and Education Sciences , Catholic University of Valencia "San Vicente Mártir" , Valencia , Spain.

The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is one of the most widely used screening instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationships between the reciprocal social interaction, communication, and repetitive/stereotyped factors on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and pragmatic, socialization, and behavioral problems in children with ASD and children with typical development (TD). Participants were seven- to 11-year-old children with ASD without intellectual disability (n = 52) and with TD (n = 37). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1550403DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Efficacy of neuropsychological rehabilitation on numerical and calculation abilities: A developmental case study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2019 Jan 4:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

c Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università Sapienza di Roma , Roma , Italy.

Present single case proves the effectiveness of a theory-based cognitive treatment on numerical and calculation abilities in developmental age. Both evaluation and treatment were designed on the bases of current models of numerical cognition, in particular Von Aster's developmental model. At the age of 7. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1553044DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Phonological and lexical abilities of Jordanian children with autism.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 26:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

c Department of Neuroscience , Jordan University of Science and Technology , Irbid , Jordan.

This study examines phonological and lexical abilities of children with autism in Jordan. JISH Articulation Test (JAT) to measure phonological abilities and JISH School Readiness Screening Test to measure lexical abilities were used in the study. Children with ASD (n = 39) aged 4-8 years and 40 children with typical development were selected to participate in this study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1534690DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

"Must try harder." Is effort and performance validity testing a necessary part of pediatric neuropsychological assessment?

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 24:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

c 3 School of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories , University of Exeter College of Life and Environmental Sciences , Exeter , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Neuropsychological assessments results have significant implications for pediatric populations, based upon the assumption that the young person has adopted an effortful approach and has engaged in assessment. There is a commonly-accepted risk to assuming the validity of neuropsychological assessment results with adults, and, therefore, performance validity testing (PVT) has become a major topic of research and investigation and has become an accepted part of routine assessment. The same approach has not been adopted in assessment with children and a paucity of studies has focused on PVT in children. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1524766DOI Listing
December 2018
29 Reads

Basic auditory processing in the children with autistic features.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 24:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

c Department of Pediatrics , National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang , South Korea.

This study aimed inhibition mechanisms of auditory processing in the group with autistic features. Thirty-two children (autistic group = 16, typically developing [TD] group = 16) received neuropsychological tests, IQ test and experimental tasks. Both groups showed similar performances except the processing speed index. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1532293DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Randomized control study of the effects of executive function training on peer difficulties of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder C subtype.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Dec 10:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

c Department of Chinese Language and Literature , Beijing Normal University , Beijing , China.

Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder C subtype (ADHD-C) is associated with social rejection and peer difficulties. The present study evaluates the comparative efficacy of group executive function training (GEFT) with social skills training (SST) in children with ADHD-C in China.

Methods: A randomized, controlled treatment outcome study that comprised of 52 boys and 29 girls (age range: 9-12 years old) was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1509003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Executive functions and social skills in pediatric brain tumor survivors.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Nov 30:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children , Toronto , Canada.

Pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) may experience impairment in executive functions and social competence, but their interrelation is not well understood. This study aimed to address the specificity of this relationship. PBTSs (n = 91) were on average 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1522589DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) standardization and normative data on Italian children aged 36 to 72 months.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 30:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences , Università degli Studi di Pavia , Pavia , Italy.

The MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), which is broadly used as a cognitive screening test for adults, has been successfully adapted and standardized for children of different nationalities. In the Italian clinical settings, the Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) is being more and more used as cognitive screening tool for children. However, the Italian norms for the MMSPE are available for the school age only. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1522590DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Object recognition and location: Which component of object location memory for landmarks is affected by gender? Evidence from four to ten year-old children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 30:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Health and Environmental Science, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Memory for object location requires at least three processes: object recognition, object location, and object-location binding. Gender-related differences during childhood are still a matter of debate, especially concerning memory for object location, where females are expected to outperform males. Memory for object position is pivotal for spatial navigation and its investigation during childhood is crucial in order to understand the roots of gender-related differences in spatial orientation. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1504218DOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Brain structure in childhood maltreatment-related PTSD across the lifespan: A systematic review.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 23:1-15. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Department of Psychology , University of Rhode Island , Kingston , Rhode Island , USA.

Numerous deleterious outcomes are associated with child maltreatment, and PTSD secondary to maltreatment is one of the most commonly cited diagnoses that may follow individuals throughout their lives. Recent neuroimaging research has observed significant structural abnormalities in individuals with maltreatment-related PTSD (m-PTSD) compared to maltreated individuals without PTSD and healthy controls. Therefore, the aims of this systematic review were to summarize the literature on brain structure in m-PTSD, identify methodological challenges and limitations, and provide directions for future research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1515076DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Development and reliability of the Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY): A preliminary study in a nonclinical sample.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

h Department of Psychiatry , University of California , San Diego , California , USA.

Prospective memory (PM), "remembering to remember," has been linked to important functional outcomes in adults. Studies of PM in children and adolescents would benefit from the development and validation of developmentally appropriate clinical measures with known psychometric properties. The Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY), a performance-based measure of PM, was developed for the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, Memory and Executive Functioning Substudy, and includes Summary, Time-, and Event-based scores derived from eight trials with an ongoing word search task. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1486194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453749PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Executive functions and clinical symptoms in children exposed to maltreatment.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Postgraduate Psychology department , Porto Alegre , Brazil.

There is evidence of an association between childhood maltreatment and lifelong cognitive impairment. Few studies investigate cognitive functioning in maltreated children. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in executive processing between maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1497989DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Structured Model of Neurorehab: A Pilot Study of Modern Multitouch Technology and Virtual Reality Platforms for Training Sociocognitive Deficit in Children with Acquired Brain Injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Faculty of Medicine , University of Tartu , Tartu , Estonia.

Social competence is often impaired in children with acquired brain injury (ABI), but evidence-based rehabilitation has remained undeveloped. This pilot-study aimed to create a structured model for sociocognitive rehabilitation for children with ABI. A total of 32 children aged 8-13 years participated: 22 with ABI -epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, or tic disorder and 10 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1486193DOI Listing
October 2018
28 Reads

Neuropsychological assessment of Chilean children with a history of extreme prematurity: An exploratory study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-13. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

a Departamento de Fonoaudiología, Facultad de Medicina , Universidad de Chile , Santiago , Chile.

This study was conducted to explore the neuropsychological abilities of premature Chilean children. Two groups (Premature and Control, 10 children each, age ranging from 5 to 7.11) were established based on weeks of gestation and/or weight at birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1510328DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Efficacy of a computer-based cognitive training program to enhance planning skills in 5 to 7-year-old normally-developing children.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Oct 8:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

b Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Sección Psicología , Universidad de La Laguna , La Laguna , Spain.

We designed and evaluated the efficacy of a computer-based cognitive training program (Executive Function Enhancement Program [EFEP]) to stimulate executive functions through enhancing planning in normally-developing children. A total of 111 Colombian children participated in the study. Fifty-nine (53%) of the children were assigned to the experimental condition (application of the EFEP program) with two levels of planning performance, and fifty-two (47%) to the waiting list control condition with the same two levels of planning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1503959DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Attention levels in young children who stutter.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Sep 28:1-11. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

a University of Suffolk , Waterfront Building , Ipswich , United Kingdom.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) differ in terms of attentional ability. Participants were 40 age- and gender-matched CWS and CWNS (aged between 72 and 120 months). Attentional ability was assessed using the Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch), a clinical assessment battery comprising 13 attentional measures, assessing three areas of attention: selective attention, sustained attention, and attentional switching. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1493996DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Brief, computerized inhibitory control training to leverage adolescent neural plasticity: A pilot effectiveness trial.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Sep 28:1-17. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

a Department of Psychology , University of Oregon , Eugene , Oregon , USA.

Adolescence is a time of heightened neural plasticity. Many brain networks show protracted development through this period, such as those underlying inhibitory control (IC), a neurocognitive skill implicated in risk-taking and therefore relevant to public health. Although IC appears to be trainable in adults and young children, whether and how IC may be malleable during adolescence is not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1495567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438765PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

The princess and the p-value: A case report of suspected autoimmune encephalitis and functional neurological disorder in a pediatric patient.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Sep 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

b Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics , University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center , Dallas , Texas , USA.

Autoimmune encephalitis is a rapidly evolving area of study in pediatric populations, and functional neurological symptom disorders are under-studied in children. Differential diagnosis among these disorders is challenging, but pediatric neuropsychologists are uniquely qualified to assist a multidisciplinary team. This case illustrates a young girl with suspected autoimmune encephalitis, whose symptoms were revealed to be primarily functional in nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1501373DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Oxidative stress contribution to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children with epilepsy.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Aug 13:1-8. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

d Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine (for girls) , Al-Azhar University , Cairo , Egypt.

Children with epilepsy have a high incidence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Oxidation stress and disturbed neurotransmitters are suggested mechanisms; however, their role is not fully explored. This study evaluates the association between circulating malondialdehyde as an oxidation stress marker, apelin neuropeptide, and ADHD in children with epilepsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1492409DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Using the Memory Validity Profile (MVP) to detect invalid performance in youth with mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jul 2:1-7. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

b Copeman Healthcare Centre , Calgary , Alberta , Canada.

Performance validity tests (PVT) should be used when assessing youth with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). The goal of this study was to derive a new cutscore for determining invalid performance on the Memory Validity Profile (MVP) in youth with MTBI. Children and adolescents (N = 92; mean age =14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1476865DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Maintenance of multidomain neurocognitive functions in pediatric patients after proton beam therapy: A prospective case-series study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jun 29:1-7. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

b Department of Radiation Oncology , Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang-Gung University , Taoyuan , Taiwan.

Proton Beam Therapy (PBT) was developed to minimize the harmful results of radiation therapy as treatment for brain tumors. This study examined the neurocognitive outcomes of PBT in pediatric patients. A total of 8 patients, who received either PBT or photon radiotherapy (XRT), were evaluated with multiple cognitive functions, which include intelligence, memory, executive functions, and attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1471996DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Fluid reasoning and reading difficulties among children with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jun 25:1-12. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

b Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology , Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center , Cincinnati , Ohio, USA.

Background: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly experience difficulties in reading and in fluid reasoning (Gf). According to Cattell's Investment Theory (1987), Gf is a causal factor in the development of crystallized knowledge (Gc) and academic skills; therefore, the co-occurrence of reading and Gf difficulties within ADHD may not be coincidental.

Methods: In the present study with children with both ADHD and reading difficulties (n = 187; 61% male; M = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1466706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309943PMC
June 2018
23 Reads

Preliminary normative data on the BORB for children aged 3-8.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 May 9:1-9. Epub 2018 May 9.

b Kids Rehab, The Children's Hospital at Westmead , Westmead , New South Wales , Australia.

The Birmingham Object Recognition Battery (BORB) is a theoretically based test battery that is used in adult cognitive neuropsychology in research and for clinical assessment. It allows a detailed analysis of underlying impairments in individuals with brain injury who have visual object recognition difficulties. The BORB's usefulness in pediatrics is supported by numerous research studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2017.1401478DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

A research framework to isolate visuospatial from childhood motor coordination phenotypes.

Authors:
Michele Poletti

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Apr 19:1-6. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

a Department of Mental Health and Pathological Addiction , Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Service, AUSL of Reggio Emilia , Reggio Emilia , Italy.

Clinicians acknowledge the presence of developmental cognitive phenotypes mainly characterized by a specific visuospatial impairment in presence of intact verbal functioning (usually referred as Nonverbal Learning Disability: NLD) since many decades, without providing sufficient empirical evidence supporting their nosological validity and inclusion in current diagnostic manuals. This contribution suggests that the goal of including NLD in future diagnostic manuals could be achieved only be the demonstration of the validity of this hypothesized clinical category. Considering the blind spot of empirical literature represented by the differential diagnosis of NLD, this issue should the primary focus of empirical research supported by a renewed interest on NLD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1455583DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Parent-child agreement on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) in a community sample of adolescents.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Mar 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

a Department of Psychology & Neuroscience , Baylor University , Waco , Texas , USA.

Despite its widespread use, a minimal amount is known regarding the agreement between parent and youth ratings of youth's executive functioning on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF) in typically developing youth. The present study examined parent-child agreement on the BRIEF with a community sample of adolescents and their parents. Ninety-seven parent-child dyads (M = 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1438896DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Lead (Pb) neurotoxicology and cognition.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Mar 1:1-22. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

b Department of Psychology , University of South Alabama , Mobile , AL , USA.

Lead (Pb) is a neurotoxic substance. While it is widely understood that Pb exposure in early childhood adversely impacts neurodevelopment and intelligence, other aspects of cognition that are negatively affected, and the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology underlying Pb-related cognitive impairment are not widely appreciated by clinicians. This critical review gives a broad synopsis of the current literature in the field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1428803DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Continuous performance test in children with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 23:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

a Department of Child Neurology , Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires , Buenos Aires , Argentina.

Data regarding clinical and neuropsychological features of attention deficit in children with lower cognitive ability is still scarce. The objective was to analyze the response patterns on the Continuous Performance Test II in children with Intellectual Disability and Attention Defficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This is a cross-sectional study, in which patients were divided into 2 groups: one group with ADHD and Full IQ > 80 and another group with ADHD + Full IQ score < 80. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21622965.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1434077DOI Listing
February 2018
14 Reads

Convergent and discriminant validity of the Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing Battery (ImPACT) in young athletes.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 21:1-11. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

a Department of Neurology , University of Kentucky , Lexington , Kentucky , USA.

Sports concussions are recognized as significant injuries among young athletes. Research demonstrates that return-to-play prior to becoming asymptomatic has significant repercussions including sustained cognitive deficits. Many programs have begun to use computerized testing rather than traditional neuropsychological tests to (a) determine baseline performance, (b) track symptoms, and (c) measure symptoms following concussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1436440DOI Listing
February 2018
9 Reads

Deferred diagnosis in children assessed for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

c Department of Pediatrics , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada.

Early intervention for individuals with FASD is paramount, thus exploring factors that affect the diagnostic process is critical. This process can be complicated by challenges gathering background information, accurately evaluating higher-level cognitive skills across ages, and teasing apart the impact of life adversities from the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. This study is a retrospective file review of 154 children (44% female; mean age 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1427094DOI Listing
February 2018
8 Reads

Overdiagnosis of ADHD in boys: Stereotype impact on neuropsychological assessment.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 12:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

b Department of Psychology , Universite de Liege , Liege , Belgium.

There is vigorous debate regarding the possibility that ADHD is overdiagnosed in boys. We investigated the impact of the gender stereotype depicting boys as inattentive and impulsive on neuropsychological assessment (observation of psychology students and child's cognitive performance). In experiment 1, after the stereotype was activated, psychology students rated a "boy," a "girl," or a "child" on a behavioral assessment scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1430576DOI Listing
February 2018
6 Reads

Embedded performance validity indicator for children: California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition, forced choice.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 7:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

a San Francisco Neuropsychology PC , San Francisco , California , USA.

Performance validity testing in children undergoing neuropsychological testing is a growing research area. Accurate identification of performance validity is necessary to avoid invalid assessment conclusions. In the present research, a forced choice (FC) trial was created for the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition (CVLT-C), modeled after the established California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) FC trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1426463DOI Listing
February 2018
33 Reads

Effects of repetitive subconcussive head trauma on the neuropsychological test performance of high school athletes: A comparison of high, moderate, and low contact sports.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Feb 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

f Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science , University of Hawaii at Manoa , Honolulu , Hawaii , USA.

The aim of this study was to examine the neuropsychological test results of non-concussed high school athletes playing at three different levels of contact sports. Based on the concussion risk data of 12 different sports, a High Contact group (n=2819; wrestling/martial arts, cheerleading, track and field, football), a Moderate Contact group (n=2323; softball, basketball, soccer), and a Low Contact group (n=1580; baseball, volleyball, water polo, tennis, cross-country) were formed and compared in terms of their scores on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained small but statistically poorer performances in ImPACT Visual Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control, and Total Symptom scores compared to the Moderate and Low Contact groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2018.1427095DOI Listing
February 2018
34 Reads

How neuropsychology can inform our understanding of preschool ADHD: Clinical and research implications.

Authors:
Eleni Aretouli

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 24:1-8. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

a Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Neuropsychological assessments in preschoolers have not received as much attention as in older children and adults. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that occurs in early childhood associated with poor academic and personal outcomes, such as learning and social difficulties. Preschoolers with ADHD may present cognitive deficits that are related with the ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, but may also interfere, beyond and above the ADHD symptoms, with everyday functioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2017.1421463DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Team versus individual sport participation as a modifying factor in the development of post-concussion syndrome after first concussion: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2018 Jan 19:1-7. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

b Vanderbilt Sports Concussion Center , Nashville , Tennessee , USA.

Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport participation on the development of PCS in a sample of 136 high school and college student-athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21622965.2017.1421464DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads